Israel, um Himmels willen, Israel

Bei diesem Beitrag handelt es sich um ein Blog aus der Freitag-Community

Vor Jahren schrieb Giordano ein Buch mit diesem Titel. Wo ist seine Stimme heute? Wenn ich etwas von ihm lese, dann meistens etwas gegen Islam, Moscheen… etc.

Dabei wäre es wohl Zeit für eine neue Ausgabe eines solchen Buches. Vielleicht schreibt es Gideon Levy. Sein gestriger Kommentar in der Haaretz wäre ein guter Einstieg.

Worum es geht? Gerade gestern um die Verabschiedung einer Gesetzesvorlage im israelischen Kabinett. Das Parlament soll beschließen, dass zukünftig einzubürgernde Nichtjuden einen Loyalitätsschwur auf einen „jüdischen und demokratischen Staat Israel“ ablegen sollen.

Levy dazu:

Remember this day. It's the day Israel changes its character. As a result, it can also change its name to the Jewish Republic of Israel, like the Islamic Republic of Iran. Granted, the loyalty oath bill that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu is seeking to have passed purportedly only deals with new citizens who are not Jewish, but it affects the fate of all of us.

From now on, we will be living in a new, officially approved, ethnocratic, theocratic, nationalistic and racist country. Anyone who thinks it doesn't affect him is mistaken. There is a silent majority that is accepting this with worrying apathy, as if to say: "I don't care what country I live in." Also anyone who thinks the world will continue to relate to Israel as a democracy after this law doesn't understand what it is about. It's another step that seriously harms Israel's image.

Gut, man mag fragen, wer will sich schon in Israel einbürgern lassen, wenn er nicht Jude ist. Es trifft wohl vor allem Ehegatten von israelischen Palästinensern – wobei seit 2003 eine Familienzusammenführung nahezu unmöglich ist. Warum sollte die eine Einbürgerung wollen? Nun, die meisten, die von außerhalb einheiraten, sind staatenlos – ein israelischer Pass würde verhindern, dass Israel für sie faktisch wieder zum Gefängnis würde.

Aber diese Gesetzesvorlage – die wohl gute Aussichten hat, so verabschiedet zu werden – ist nicht die einzige.

Levy verweist in seinem Artikel auf ca. zwanzig weitere – ich fand auf einer anderen israelischen Website eine Auflistung – ich zitiere nur ein paar:

Bill or Pardoning Disengagement Offenders (Rivlin et al)
Though legislation that eases punitive measures against persons who exercised their right to political protest is welcome in principle, this particular bill is problematic because it makes a distinction between political and ideological activists of various groups. Instead of promoting a general principles of "going easy" on protesters, this bill was promoted by the current political majority in favor of their electorate alone .
Status: the Knesset passed the bill; the HCJ is currently reading a petition against its inequality.

The Nakba Bill (Alex Miller)
According to this bill, persons marking Nakba Day as a day of mourning for the establishment of the State of Israel will be sentenced to prison. The government endorsed the bill but, in the wake of public protests, its wording was changed to state that persons marking Nakba Day shall be denied public funds. Even this "minimized" version still legally impairs on the freedom of expression, as the political majority bans a certain political view.
Status: The bill passed the first reading and will be discussed by the Knesset Constitution, Law, and Justice Committee ahead of its second and third reading.

Anti-Incitement Bill (Zvulun Orlev)
An amendment of the existing act, according to which persons publishing a call that denies the existence of the State of Israel as a Jewish and democratic state shall be arrested. This is an extension of the penal code, which intends to incriminate a political view that another political group does not accept.
Status: Passed the preliminary reading and may be discussed by the Knesset Constitution, Law, and Justice Committee ahead of its first reading.

Bill on Admission Committees of Communal Settlements (David Rotem, Israel Hason, Shay Hermesh)
According to this bill, admission committees may turn down candidates for membership with a communal settlement if they "fail to meet the fundamental views of the settlement," its social fabric, and so on. The bill primarily intends to deny ethnic minorities' access to Jewish settlements, offering the possibility to reject anyone who does not concur with the settlement committee's positions, religion, political views, and so on. It should be noted that ACRI filed petition against this bill, which is pending with the HCJ.
Status: The bill passed the first reading and will be discussed by the Knesset Constitution, Law, and Justice Committee ahead of its second and third reading.

Bill on Funds from Foreign Political Entities (Elkin et al)
According to the (original version) of this bill, any person or group financed by a foreign nation must register with the party registrar and immediately report each contribution, mark every document in this spirit, and state at the opening of any remark they make that they are funded by a foreign state. The bill names strict penalties too. In practice, the bill intends to delegitimize and impair on the activities of organizations that receive funds from, among other sources, foreign states. Though the Israeli law already makes reporting such donations imperative, this bill wishes to expand the existing law and force certain civil organizations to mark their activities as subversive and illegitimate. Furthermore, the bill practically refers to the activities of specific civil groups, focusing on human rights organizations, implicitly incriminating them when compared with other bodies or individuals funded by foreign non-state entities.
[6] It should be noted that we sent a letter to the foreign minister recently warning against the state's illegitimate intervention in fundraising by Israel's civil organizations.[7]
Status: An amended version of the bill was endorsed by the Knesset Constitution, Law, and Justice Committee; and will soon be presented for a first reading and then discussed by the committee ahead of its second and third reading.

Bill on Infiltration (Government)
The bill stipulates, among other things, that infiltrators based on their country of origin, and persons who assist them (!) may be sentenced to 5 to 7 years in prison. This bill follows the trend of delegitimizing human rights and aid organizations and individuals who help refugees and labor immigrants.
Status: The government pulled back the bill, but key points from it will be introduced through a new bill which, to the best of our knowledge, is currently drafted by the Justice Ministry.

Bill Against Boycott (Elkin et al)
According to this bill, persons who initiate, promote, or publish material that might serve as grounds for imposing a boycott against Israel are committing a crime and a civil wrong, and may be ordered to compensate parties economically affected by that boycott, including fixed reparations to the tune of 30,000 shekels, freeing the plaintiffs from the need to prove damages. If the felon is a foreign citizen, he may be banned from entering or doing business with Israel; and if it is a foreign state, Israel may not repay the debts it owes that state, and use the money to compensate offended parties; that state may additionally be banned from conducting business affairs in Israel. And if that is not enough, the above shall apply one year retroactively.

This too is a bill that discriminates against certain political groups in Israel, and is introduced by the political majority in an attempt to neutralize the political opposition it is facing. Primarily, the bill intends to reject legitimate boycotts of products of settlements, and thus severely impairs on a legitimate, legal, and nonviolent protest tool that is internationally accepted (including by Israel), while impairing on the Israeli citizens' freedom of expression, protest, and congregation.

Status: The bill passed a preliminary reading and the Knesset Constitution, Law, and Justice Committee will discuss it ahead of its first reading. It should be noted that a ministerial committee rejected the chapters pertaining to foreign citizens and states, probably out of consideration for Israel's foreign relations, and spiked the retroactive clause.

An Associations Bill (ban on filing suits abroad against Israeli politicians or army officers), according to which an association that deals with suits against senior Israeli officials abroad may not be established, or will be shut down.

Bill banning wearing veils in public, according to which, it would be illegal to cover one's face in any public location, under penalty of imprisonment.

Ich setze dies ohne weitere Kommentare hier ein. Beide links sind auf israelische Websites – wer mich wegen dieses Artikels als Antisemitin beschimpfen will, möge das gerne tun.

08:03 11.10.2010
Dieser Beitrag gibt die Meinung des Autors wieder, nicht notwendigerweise die der Redaktion des Freitag.
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