COVID-19 im Libanon: 5 Fälle bei Flüchtlingen

Save the Children warnt: Save the Children reagiert auf die steigenden COVID-19 Fälle im Libanon und richtet Isolationszentren ein. Bislang wurden 5 Fälle unter Flüchtlingen im Libanon bestätigt.
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Save the Children reagiert auf die steigenden COVID-19 Fälle im Libanon und richtet Isolationszentren ein. „Bislang wurden fünf Fälle unter Flüchtlingen in einem palästinensischen Lager im Libanon bestätigt. Wir müssen aber jetzt handeln, bevor es zu spät. Die Krankheit würde sich sonst wie ein Lauffeuer in den Siedlungen ausbreiten. Dort gibt es keinerlei Möglichkeiten, Abstand zu halten, kaum sauberes Wasser und die Menschen haben für Seife und Desinfektionsmittel einfach kein Geld“, erklärt Jad Sakr, Länderdirektor von Save the Children im Libanon

Presseerklärung von Save the Children (nur auf Englisch)

Save the Children provides isolation centres for low-income communities facing Covid19 in Lebanon

Children at high risk of fallout from compounded economic and health crisis

Beirut, April 28th -With COVID-19 cases having been registered among refugee and local communities in Lebanon, Save the Children and its partners are refurbishing a restaurant, a factory and seven other buildings so they can be used as isolation centres. It is also turning empty tents in refugee settlements in the Bekaa valley into isolation units, so that patients can self-isolate within the camps.

Thousands of vulnerable families are set to face the Coronavirus outbreak with little means in a country that is already suffering from a crippling economic crisis.

Save the Children’s teams in the Bekaa valley, bordering Syria, will refurbish the nine abandoned buildings before handing them over to the Ministry of Health, which will turn them into temporary health facilities for up to one thousand COVID-19 patients, Lebanese as well as Syrian and Palestinian refugees.

The agency is also transforming tents into isolation units in 218 informal settlements, that are home to 45,500 refugees, and will provide local communities with information on how to manage an outbreak including on hygiene measures, symptom monitoring and contact tracing and isolation. With more than 70% of refugees in Lebanon living under the poverty line in overcrowded conditions, self-isolation is virtually impossible.

Jad Sakr, the Save the Children acting country director, said:
“Some tents were empty because refugees moved to another site or can’t afford to pay the rent for the land they are set up on. Turning them into isolation units allows adults who are infected with Coronavirus to remain close to their family, especially if they are the sole caretaker of several children.”

“So far, five cases have been confirmed among refugees in a Palestinian camp in Lebanon [1]. But we can’t wait for a full outbreak that would spread like wildfire in settlements with no means for social distancing or isolation, limited access to clean water or no purchasing power to buy soap and disinfectants. We need to act now, before it’s too late,”he added. ]

The economic crisis that hit Lebanon in October 2019 has been compounded by the COVID-19 lockdown since March 2020, grinding the country to a halt and leading to school closures. The local Lebanese Pound depreciated by 63 percent on the informal market, eroding people’s purchasing power [2].

For many Lebanese and Syrian families who are unemployed, healthcare access has become a challenge. In these circumstances, children are at increased risk of child labour [3], which reduces their chances of returning to school when they reopen.

Jihad*, 42, a Syrian refugee living in the Bekaa valley, said: “If one person gets infected, we are worried that the whole camp will be at risk. Some people are spending the little they have on masks and disinfectants. It has become more important than food. My neighbour told me that his family have been having tea and bread for dinner for the past three nights. Young girls are working on the farm for 2,5 USD a day to help provide for families here.”

Salma*, 44, a Lebanese mother of four recently became unemployed with her husband: “I have two daughters, aged 21 and 16, with sickle cell anaemia [4] who underwent surgeries. They are supposed to visit the hospital regularly for follow-up treatment, but we can’t do that because we fear they might catch coronavirus. One of the medicines they have to take costs 50 USD and we can’t afford it anymore.”

As part of its response to the COVID-1919 outbreak, Save the Children in Lebanon aims to provide cash assistance for over 2,100 Lebanese, Syrian and Palestinian families, multipurpose kits for more than 32,000 families, and shelter improvement for 980 Syrian refugee families. So far, teams of Save the Children have run remote awareness raising about the Coronavirus, reaching more than 41,000 people, including 25,000 children.

More details:

  • Work being done in the 6 buildings includes installing partitions, repairing doors and windows, upgrading sanitation facilities, and carrying out water tests. In other areas in Lebanon, Save the Children is providing COVID-19 hygiene and food kits. Children enrolled in education programmes are also receiving support to ensure they cope with the challenges of remote learning and come up with new ways to stay active in quarantine.
  • Types of kits provided:
  1. Disinfection Kit: bleach, detergent, cleaning cloths, dishwashing soap, measuring cup, spray bottles, waste bags, soap, informative flyers, how-to-use manual. Target: 28,000 households.
  2. Happy Kid Kit: copy paper, jigsaw puzzle, stories and books, stationary. Target: 1,000 children.
  3. Learning Kit: Stationary, books, mobile top up vouchers. Target: 1,235 children.
  4. Food and non-food items: Rice, lentils, bulgur, canned vegetables, tuna and sardines, sugar, salt, process cheese, disposable plates, forks, spoons and cups, lice treatment shampoo and comb, sanitary pads, diapers. Target: 1,000 households.
  5. Infection Protection and Control Kit: To be provided for families where someone has tested positive for Covid-19. Contents: 50 surgical masks, digital thermometer, bleach, gloves, cleaning items, soap, tissues. Initial target: 1,000.
  • As of26 April, Lebanon has recorded 707 Covid-19 cases, including 24 deaths. The ministry of health has confirmed the first case in a Palestinian refugee camp in the Bekaa on22 April.Refugees living conditions puts them at risk of a fast outbreak, as their immune systems would have been weakened by inadequate nutrition, and they lack clean water and good hygiene standards in settlements. Many refugees suffer from at least one medical condition, but cost of treatment has been a barrier to accessing healthcare. According to the Syrian Refugees in Lebanon Vulnerability Report (VASYR), 63% of households required primary healthcare in 2019.
  • The proportion of Syrian refugees living below the poverty line increased from 68 percent in 2018 to 73 percent in 2019. More than half live in extreme poverty. Around 66 percent of men and just 11 percent of women had a regular job, but the two main sources of income were WFP assistance (24 percent), and informal debt from friends and shops (22 percent). Nine out of 10 households were in debt with the average level per household increasing by USD 100 from 2018 to USD 1 115 in 2019. The main reason for borrowing was to buy food (75 percent) (VASyr 2019).

Notes:

[1] http://www.dailystar.com.lb/News/Lebanon-News/2020/Apr-24/504873-lebanon-confirms-eight-new-coronavirus-cases-total-696.ashx

[2] https://docs.wfp.org/api/documents/WFP-0000114546/download/?_ga=2.208978578.1604501587.1587364510-1264218027.1561107831

[3]Child Labour in Lebanon: Save the Children Policy brief https://lebanon.savethechildren.net/sites/lebanon.savethechildren.net/files/library/Child%20Labour%20Policy%20Brief%20-%20Final%2008042020.pdf

[4]Sickle cell disease is a group of inherited red blood cell disorders. People who have sickle cell disease have an abnormal protein in their red blood cells https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/sickle-cell-disease

Über Save the Children

Im Nachkriegsjahr 1919 gründete die britische Sozialreformerin und Kinderrechtlerin Eglantyne Jebb Save the Children, um Kinder in Deutschland und Österreich vor dem Hungertod zu retten. Heute ist die inzwischen größte unabhängige Kinderrechtsorganisation der Welt in über 120 Ländern im Einsatz. Save the Children ist da für Kinder in Kriegen, Konflikten und Katastrophen – seit 100 Jahren und darüber hinaus. Diese Kinder zu schützen, zu stärken und zu fördern ist das zentrale Anliegen der Organisation.Die Schwerpunkte der Arbeit liegen in den Bereichen Schule und Bildung, Schutz vor Ausbeutung und Gewalt sowie Überleben und Gesundheit. Save the Children setzt sich ein für eine Welt, die die Rechte der Kinder achtet. Eine Welt, in der alle Kinder gesund und sicher leben und frei und selbstbestimmt aufwachsen können.

Save the Children ruft alle Konfliktparteien auf, so bald wie möglich zu einem langanhaltenden und verbindlichen Waffenstillstand zu kommen, damit die jemenitische Bevölkerung – Seite an Seite mit den Hilfsorganisationen – sich darauf konzentrieren kann, einen Ausbruch von COVID-19 zu verhindern. Dieser Waffenstillstand sollte außerdem dringend dazu genutzt werden, auf einen nachhaltigen Frieden und eine politische Lösung für diesen Krieg hinzuarbeiten – nur so kann diese humanitäre Krise wirklich beendet werden.

Für mehr aktuelle Informationen folgen Sie uns online:

https://www.savethechildren.de/

https://www.facebook.com/savethechildrenDE/

https://www.instagram.com/savethechildren_de/

18:03 29.04.2020
Dieser Beitrag gibt die Meinung des Autors wieder, nicht notwendigerweise die der Redaktion des Freitag.
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Dietrich Klose

Vielfältig interessiert am aktuellen Geschehen, zur Zeit besonders: Ukraine, Russland, Jemen, Rolle der USA, Neoliberalismus, Ausbeutung der 3. Welt
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Dietrich Klose

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