Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 510 - Yemen War Mosaic 510

Yemen Press Reader 510: 7. Februar 2019: Jemen entmystifiziert – Frauen in der Hungerkrise – Jemen: Gegensätzliche Wanderungsströme – Huthis in Organhandel verwickelt? – Emirate bewaffnen ...
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Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

... Emirate bewaffnen Söldnermilizen im Jemen – Aktivität von Jugendlichen während des Jemenkrieges – Hodeidah: Weitere Kämpfe und Verhandlungen – und mehr

February 7, 2019: Yemen demystified – Women and hunger crisis – Yemen: Mixed migration flows – Houthis involved in organ trade? – Emirates arming mercenary militia in Yemen – Youth activism during the Yemen War – Hodeidah: Further fighting and negotiations – and more

Schwerpunkte / Key aspects

Klassifizierung / Classification

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Seuchen / Most important: Epidemics

cp1b Am wichtigsten: Kampf um Hodeidah / Most important: Hodeidah battle

cp2 Allgemein / General

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

cp6 Südjemen und Hadi-Regierung / Southern Yemen and Hadi-government

cp7 UNO und Friedensgespräche / UN and peace talks

cp8 Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

cp8a Jamal Khashoggi

cp9 USA

cp10 Großbritannien / Great Britain

cp11 Deutschland / Germany

cp12 Andere Länder / Other countries

cp13a Waffenhandel / Arms Trade

cp13b Mercenaries / Söldner

cp13c Wirtschaft / Economy

cp14 Terrorismus / Terrorism

cp15 Propaganda

cp16 Saudische Luftangriffe / Saudi air raids

cp17 Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

cp18 Sonstiges / Other

Klassifizierung / Classification




(Kein Stern / No star)

? = Keine Einschatzung / No rating

A = Aktuell / Current news

B = Hintergrund / Background

C = Chronik / Chronicle

D = Details

E = Wirtschaft / Economy

H = Humanitäre Fragen / Humanitarian questions

K = Krieg / War

P = Politik / Politics

pH = Pro-Houthi

pS = Pro-Saudi

T = Terrorismus / Terrorism

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

Einführende Artikel u. Überblicke für alle, die mit den Ereignissen im Jemen noch nicht vertraut sind, hier:

Yemen War: Introductory articles, overviews, for those who are still unfamiliar with the Yemen war here:

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

(** B K P)

Yemen demystified: An unwinnable war of plunder that could bring down the Saudis

A new book on Yemen shatters the framing of the war as one between Iran-backed rebels and a so-called legitimate government

In what Blumi sees as a war of plunder for a system of financial capitalism on the brink of collapse, defeat in Yemen will be potentially fatal, most of all for the Saudi regime in Riyadh. Yemen may be physically destroyed and its people starving, but the Saudi state could go the way of the Soviet Union, into the annals of history.

Blumi, a lecturer in Turkish studies at Stockholm University, wants to upend the western and Arabic media narrative of the Yemen war.

Instead of the “internationally recognised government of Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi” fighting “Iran-backed Houthi rebels” (AFP's favoured framing), the author describes a war with origins a century old that has little or nothing to do with Iranian expansion or terrorism, and everything to do with eliminating resistance to the western-backed Arab Gulf states.

Destroying Yemen is an honourable addition to the kind of radical anti-colonial political economy, exemplified by Egypt-born Marxist Samir Amin, that has challenged western historiography since the 1960s but has been less apparent in the post-2011 “Arab Spring” era.

In part a polemic against financial “globalism”, this is no dry academic exercise, but rather a thoroughly researched, heartfelt intellectual missile to be lobbed over the wall of western analytical group think on the Middle East.

Destroying Yemen is ambitious in its scope, as its subheading – What Chaos in Arabia Tells Us About the World - indicates. Its introductory chapter plunges us into global systems theory, which sees Yemen as one of the states that resisted western and Arab colonialism since the fall of the Ottoman Empire.

Yemen and Yemenis have never been fully integrated into the global capitalist economy, Blumi argues, and this presents an ongoing challenge to “empire” that the latest western-backed war has attempted, but failed, to solve.

The persistent misperception, fed by racism, of Yemen as a land of "primitive tribes" by British and American agents is a running theme in the book.

Blumi sees the rule of Imam Ahmad (1948-62) as part of an anti-colonial Islamism that stood in total opposition to the Wahabbi version of ultraconservative Islam that Saudi Arabia implanted across the Islamic world, as part of a western-backed cold war against communism. This, and circulating its oil profits through London and New York, formed the Gulf rulers' loyal service to empire.

Blumi is excellent in revealing clearly how the machinations to federalise Yemen and carve out the exploitable oil-rich regions, along with policies to sell off the South Yemen state’s assets, led rapidly to disillusionment with unification. This later gave birth to the Hirak independence movement in Aden.

The uprising of 2011 in Yemen was a natural reaction to attempts to plunder Yemen’s economy by its long-time ruler Saleh in cohort with Saudis, Qatar and western powers. “A proud, dynamic epicentre of human ingenuity” was reduced through neoliberal development strategies and exploitative tourism in the 2000s “to a bordello for the Middle East by its corrupted political elites,” rails Blumi.

In the recent era, Gulf states had provided the logistical support for militant groups including al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, Ansar al-Sharia and the Islamic State, none of which have roots in the Sufi oriented Islam of Yemen, argues the author. These, along with Sudanese mercenaries, became the foot soldiers in the current war against the Houthis.

For Blumi, the twisting of the nomenclature of this conflict into a regional and sectarian narrative is a deliberate act of distraction and deception by outside powers trying to destroy the country for their own ends.

Blumi is damning of the western-backed NGOs and new much-lauded faces of democratic change that were championed by global and Arab media in the protests of 2011. He sees this process of hand-picking cosmetic change leaders as a deliberate strategy that, as in Egypt and Tunisia, would see the revolution sidelined in a pseudo-democratic, Islamist-backed dead-end. (Instead, he strikingly positions Ansarallah militants as unlikely icons of anti-globalist millennial hipsters, if only they were not so systematically ignored by western media).

Hadi, it must be remembered, was hand-picked by the Saudis and the West to replace the discredited Saleh in 2011 – by Joe Gill

(** B H)

Yemen's shattered food economy and its desperate toll on women

The Geneva pledging conference must unlock financial and political commitments to meet the dire humanitarian needs, support the withering economy and pave the way for peace.

Food security in Yemen is critically dependent on imports and incomes. Both have been knowingly undermined by parties to the conflict over many months, leading to the current high levels of suffering and starvation. For women, the impact of eating last and least is crippling, and coping mechanisms are becoming increasingly desperate. Displacement and high rates of physical, psychological and sexual violence are causing further suffering. An inclusive peace process is desperately needed to end this crisis.

Today in Yemen, 3.25 million women and girls of childbearing age (15 to 49 years) need support. Escalating food shortages have left an estimated 1.1 million pregnant and lactating women malnourished, and threaten the lives of 75,000 women who are likely to develop complications during childbirth, including the stunted growth of newborns.

Even with humanitarian assistance, women eat last and least, giving priority to children and other family members, or using money for other household needs. Several women targeted with cash assistance reported that they used the money to pay for medicines, not food.16 And it is clear that female-headed households are really struggling – an assessment after one Oxfam distribution found that 14% of respondents from femaleheaded households still had a poor food consumption score, 17 compared to 6% of male-headed households.

Hunger is rife even hundreds of miles from the front line – for example, the currency crisis is having a devastating impact in a village in Al-Dhalea in the south. Villagers unanimously told Oxfam that they are eating just bread and tea, without milk, two or three times a day. This is barely keeping them alive. Everyone agrees on the cause of their suffering – it is a direct result of the war. But they say that the last six months have been the worst. Prices have spiralled out of control. Taking a child from a remote village to the hospital in Al-Dhalea city costs close to $150.19 If we had this much money, they say, we would buy food for the children. Still the hospital has seen the number of cases of severely malnourished children rise from around 20 to 50 a day.

In al-Safia IDP camp, on the outskirts of Taiz city, none of the 55 displaced families are sending their children, many of whom are girls, to school. The families explain that they need their meagre resources to buy food, and are totally unable to pay for books, schoolbags and school uniforms, let alone school fees and daily expenses such as transport costs. More importantly, it is hard to provide breakfast before school every day. One mother said, ‘Children have to wait here in the tent for their parents to bring food from the market [or] by begging meals from restaurants and houses.

Coping mechanisms have become more and more desperate. Families eat less preferred and less expensive food, borrow food or get help from relatives and friends, limit portion size and number of meals, send household members to beg, and sell assets in order to purchase food. 21 And now, families are being forced into even more devastating and desperate coping mechanisms.


Under conditions of conflict characterized by displacement, loss of personal security, family instability and lack of access to rights, Yemeni women and girls are more vulnerable and further exposed to risks, including forms of gender-based violence (GBV) in and outside IDP camps.

and full report:

(** B H)

Migration Policy Institute: On the Move in a War Zone: Mixed Migration Flows to and through Yemen

analyses of the civil war’s humanitarian and geopolitical implications often overlook Yemen’s role as the epicenter of one of the world’s busiest mixed migration routes, linking Africa, Asia, and Europe. Indeed, Yemen is rarely a focus of debate on international migration dynamics, even though the country saw more irregular maritime crossings in 2018 than all routes across the Mediterranean combined. This article will highlight the principal migration pathways to and through Yemen, the push and pull factors driving regional flows, and finally the impact of the civil war upon those on the move. Recent migration trends in Yemen have important implications for broader understandings of mixed migration, challenging several commonsense assumptions about the factors and conditions that drive mixed flows of people fleeing persecution, seeking better lives and opportunities, or who are victims of trafficking.

Most of the migration to Yemen originates in the Horn of Africa and is organized around three principal routes. Migrants on the Northern/Northwestern route pass through Sudan to Egypt or Libya, with many continuing by boat to Europe. The Southern route crosses Kenya on the way to southern Africa, and often South Africa. Those on the Eastern route—the most popular and most studied of the three—cross into Yemen by boat, and onward to Saudi Arabia, other Gulf States, and the Middle East.

The Eastern Route: Push and Pull Factors

The Eastern route is itself made up of two pathways: one across the Red Sea from Obock in Djibouti, and another across the Gulf of Aden from Bossaso in Somalia.


Since the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) began gathering data on crossings in 2006, flows along the Eastern route have been comprised almost entirely of Ethiopians and Somalis. Initially, Somalis were the largest group, making up 55 percent of all maritime crossings into Yemen in 2006, and 66 percent in 2008.

A new central government was established in Somalia in late 2012, and the number of Somalis crossing along the Eastern route has fallen as the political situation has improved, although armed groups continue to operate in the south of the country.


Since 2008, Ethiopians have comprised the largest group making the crossing into Yemen, making up 89 percent of all maritime crossings in 2015. Migration from Ethiopia has been driven by a lack of economic livelihoods in combination with political instability.

Employment opportunities in prosperous Gulf States, often as domestic or farm laborers, continue to act as the largest pull factor for migrants on the Eastern route despite a succession of deportation campaigns launched by the Saudi government since 2013 targeting irregular immigrants.

Migration in a War Zone

The outbreak of full-scale civil war has added a myriad of dangers to a migration-transit country already fraught with risk. Migrants have suffered direct attacks from warring parties; in one March 2017 case a coalition military vessel and helicopter opened fire on a boat carrying around 140 Somali migrants off the west coast of Yemen, killing at least 42. Once in-country, migrants have faced increased logistical challenges on their journeys despite a breakdown in border enforcement. For example, in 2015, heavy fighting around the key transit points of Sadah and Hajjah in the north made crossing into Saudi Arabia difficult, due in part to the withdrawal of people smugglers from the area.

The conflict has led forces on both sides to adopt increasingly anti-migrant practices, possibly due to fears that migrants will be recruited or exploited by enemy forces. Since 2015, there has been an increase in reports of migrants of all nationalities being detained, abused, refused access to asylum procedure, and deported en masse by both Houthi and pro-government forces. This is a reversal of Yemen’s traditionally welcoming attitude towards Somali refugees, as well as the moves in the years preceding the war to recognize asylum seekers from other nationalities.

Impact of the Conflict upon Regional Flows

Despite the expectation that the raging civil war would cause a drop in arrivals from the Horn of Africa to Yemen—an outbreak of fighting between Saudi and Houthi forces in 2010 coincided with a reduction in maritime arrivals—the opposite has been the case. An initial decline in arrivals following the outbreak of civil war in March 2015 was followed by a record 117,000 arrivals in 2016. This record will likely be broken again in 2018, with the International Organization for Migration’s (IOM) Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) estimating 150,000 arrivals for the year.

Multidirectional Flows

As flows from the Horn of Africa to Yemen have grown, migrants of various nationalities have fled Yemen in the opposite direction. This has resulted in unique, two-way movements, with migrants passing each other in opposite directions in the transit town of Obock in Djibouti – By Henry Wilson-Smith

(** B H P)

A Human Rights Organization Confirms Houthis Involvement in Human Trafficking

Yemen Organization for Combating Human Trafficking ( YOCHT) has confirmed that it possesses conclusive evidence regarding Houthis involvements in the trade of organs and tissues extracted from hundreds of their wounded members.

The Organization stated , in a press statement on its official page on Facebook, that it has obtained appalling and startling information about the involvement of organized groups affiliated to Houthis in stealing organs and tissues of their wounded fighters, who are being transferred to hospitals in Sana’a, the capital of Yemen.

” We have documented a number of cases that were victims of such atrocious crimes . These crimes are deemed nothing but flagrant violation of human rights, ” the Organization said. It also added that its delegates have met with victims from different provinces such as Hima, Bani Matar, Amran, Ibb, Anes, and Hajjah.

According to the YOCHT, three hospitals, functioning in Sana’a, are complicit in conducting these crimes, overseen by Yemeni and foreign doctors and aided and abetted by Houthis leading figures. The organization said that they don’t only steal their organs but also take their lives . It is indicated, based on the primary information obtained, there are many other people whose organs or tissues were taken from their bodies.

” We retain the names of victims and the name of network stealing and trafficking human organs, including Yemeni and foreign doctors as well as Houthis leading figures who orchestrate these brutal crimes .” the YOCHT said

YOCHT condemned these dreadful violations and called for an impartial international investigation in this serious issue to put an end to this atrocity and criminality against the wounded, who are supposed to receive health care in accordance with principles and ethics, medical and humanitarian conventions.

My comment: What is quite doubtful: Really, Houthi fighters as victims of Houthi organ trafficking? – How could this work? These organs would need a permanent cooling. In Yemen?? – You would need qualified surgeons and a well-equipped operation room. In Yemen?? – The organs cannot be transported out of Yemen, as it would be necessary to sell them at a high price. – Nobody needing an organ and able to pay a high price for a surgery, ever would come to Yemen.

(** B K P)

USA bewaffnen aus Versehen al-Qaida-nahe Milizen

Der Krieg im Jemen ist ein gutes Geschäft für die US-Rüstungsindustrie. Offiziell dürfen deren Handelspartner die gelieferten Waffen zwar nicht weitergeben. Dennoch sind diese nun in Händen radikaler Milizen.

Die Waffen und Militärgerätschaften, die die saudi-arabisch geführte Koalition nutzt, kommen zu großen Teilen aus den USA. Jedoch ist in den Lieferverträgen geregelt, dass beides nicht an Dritte weitergegeben werden darf. Schon gar nicht an radikale, durchaus al-Qaida-nahe Milizen wie die Amalka-Brigade.

Dass genau das nun der Fall zu sein scheint, hat eine Recherche von CNN ergeben. Reporter sind durch das Land gereist und haben an verschiedenen Orten in den USA hergestellte Waffen und Fahrzeuge gesichtet, die sich nun in Händen von Milizen befinden.

Die Menschenrechtsorganisation Amnesty International unterstützt diese Einschätzung. „Das Militär der Emirate erhält von westlichen Staaten und anderen Ländern Waffenlieferungen in Milliardenhöhe, nur um diese dann an Milizen im Jemen weiterzuleiten, die nachweislich Kriegsverbrechen begehen“, erklärt Mathias John, der Rüstungsexperte bei Amnesty International Deutschland.

Die Organisation hat dokumentiert, wie über die an der Seite Saudi-Arabiens stehenden Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate „in großem Umfang“ Panzerfahrzeuge, Mörsersysteme, Gewehre, Pistolen und Maschinengewehre an Milizen gelangen, die keiner Regierung unterlägen.

Es geht dabei nicht nur um US-Waffen. Die Emirate sind ein guter Kunde auch der deutschen Rüstungsindustrie.


(** B K P)

So kommen Terroristen an amerikanische Waffen

Saudi-Arabien und die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate dürfen in den USA und Europa gekaufte Rüstungsgüter nicht weitergeben. Dennoch landen die Waffen bei Terrorgruppen mit Verbindungen zu al-Qaida.

Die USA haben nach Angaben des Stockholm International Peace Research Institute zwischen 2011 und 2014 mehr als 2600 MRAPs an Saudi-Arabien und die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate (VAE) exportiert. Beide arabische Staaten verpflichteten sich gegenüber Washington, die importierten Rüstungsgüter nicht an Dritte weiterzugeben. Offensichtlich verstoßen die US-Alliierten gegen diese Vereinbarung, in dem sie Fahrzeuge und Waffen an verbündete Milizen im Jemen weitergeben. Das Pentagon hat eine Untersuchung eingeleitet.

Die Salafistentruppe gilt als Sammelbecken religiöser Eiferer, die mit Inbrunst gegen die schiitische Huthi-Miliz kämpfen. Und doch sind die "Giganten" noch nicht einmal die radikalste Kampfgruppe, die von Saudi-Arabien und den Emiraten mit militärischer Ausrüstung "Made in USA" versorgt wird. Auch die "Abu-al-Abbas Brigaden", die rund um die Stadt Taizz an der Seite der arabischen Koalition gegen die Huthis kämpft, ist seit Jahren im Besitz von MRAPs. Schon im November 2015 lieferten die VAE drei dieser Fahrzeuge an die "Abu-al-Abbas Brigaden", die wenig später mit ihnen durch die Straßen von Taizz paradierten.

Dabei greift die von Saudi-Arabien geführte Koalition auf einen Kniff zurück: Sie hat die "Abu-al-Abbas-Brigaden" formal der 35. Bewaffneten Brigade der jemenitischen Armee angegliedert und somit quasi legalisiert. De facto agiert die Truppe noch immer eigenständig, allerdings kann die Führung in Riad nun auf dem Papier darauf verweisen, man arbeite mit der jemenitischen Armee zusammen.

(** B K P)

Waffen im Jemen-Konflikt: Amnesty klagt die Emirate an

Amnesty hat den Vereinigten Arabischen Emiraten vorgeworfen, Milizen im Jemen-Konflikt mit Waffen westlicher Staaten zu versorgen. Auch Deutschland müsse daher Rüstungsexporte an alle am Jemen-Konflikt Beteiligten einstellen.

Töten deutsche Waffen im Jemen? Amnesty International zeigt jetzt mit dem Finger auf die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate. Der Vorwurf: Das Land, das an der Seite von Saudi-Arabien im Jemen die jemenitische Regierung auch militärisch unterstützt, leite Waffenimporte weiter an marodierende Milizen im Jemenkrieg - auch Waffen aus Deutschland.

"Wir haben zum Beispiel deutsche Rheinmetall-Maschinengewehre in der Hand einer Miliz gesehen. Die könnten aus Beständen der Emirate stammen", sagt Patrick Wilcken von Amnesty International. Er erhebt schwere Vorwürfe gegen zahlreiche europäische Länder - aber auch Staaten wie die USA und Südafrika.

Seit 2015, dem Beginn des Jemenkrieges, hätten die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate Waffenexporte im Gesamtwert von über 3,5 Milliarden Dollar erhalten. Waffen, die dann im Jemen in den Händen dieser unkontrollierbaren Milizen auftauchten, die keinerlei Jurisdiktion unterstehen und niemandem Rechenschaft geben. "Wir haben bulgarische Gewehre, belgische Maschinengewehre, serbische Handfeuerwaffen, aber auch gepanzerte Fahrzeuge aus den USA und aus Südafrika bei diesen Milizen dokumentiert", so Wilcken.

Milizen, die nicht nur auf Seiten der jemenitischen Regierung kämpfen, sondern laut Amnesty verantwortlich sind für brutalste Menschenrechtsverstöße, für Folter, Verschleppung, Hinrichtungen und andere Kriegsverbrechen: "Die Arabischen Emirate spielen hier eine große Rolle. Sie rüsten diese Milizen im Jemen aus; Gruppen wie die Giants, die Elite Forces oder eine Gruppe namens Security Belt", sagt Wilcken. Allesamt mörderische Milizen, die sich an keinerlei Menschenrechte gebunden fühlen.

Waffen, mit denen jetzt Kriegsverbrechen im Jemen begangen würden. "Deutschland sollte sofort alle Exporte an die im Jemenkrieg Beteiligten inklusive der Emirate komplett einstellen", sagt Patrick Wilcken von Amnesty International

und auch

(** B K P)

Yemen: UAE recklessly supplying militias with windfall of Western arms

An open source investigation published by Amnesty International today highlights a growing danger in Yemen’s conflict as the United Arab Emirates (UAE) recklessly arms militias with a range of advanced weaponry.
The investigation, “When arms go astray: Yemen’s deadly new threat of arms diversion to militias,” shows how the UAE has become a major conduit for armoured vehicles, mortar systems, rifles, pistols, and machine guns – which are being illicitly diverted to unaccountable militias accused of war crimes and other serious violations.
“While the USA, the UK, France and other European states have rightly been criticized for supplying arms to Coalition forces, and Iran has been implicated in sending arms to the Huthis, a deadly new threat is emerging. Yemen is quickly becoming a safe haven for UAE-backed militias that are largely unaccountable,” said Patrick Wilcken, Arms Control and Human Rights Researcher at Amnesty International.

“Emirati forces receive billions of dollars’ worth of arms from Western states and others, only to siphon them off to militias in Yemen that answer to no-one and are known to be committing war crimes.
“The proliferation of these fighting forces is a recipe for disaster for Yemeni civilians who have already been killed in their thousands, while millions more are on the brink of famine as a direct result of the war.”
The armed groups on the receiving end of these dodgy arms deals – including “The Giants”, the Security Belt and Elite Forces – are trained and funded by the UAE, but are not accountable to any government. Some of them stand accused of war crimes, including during the recent offensive on the port city of Hodeidah and in the UAE-backed network of secret prisons in southern Yemen.

According to publicly available data, since the outbreak of the Yemeni conflict in March 2015, Western states have supplied the UAE with at least US$3.5 billion worth of arms. Among them are heavy conventional weapons – including aircraft and ships – small arms, light weapons and associated parts and ammunition.

Despite the serious violations attributed to the UAE and militias it backs, the following states have recently supplied the Emiratis with arms: Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Czechia, France, Germany, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the UK and the USA, among others.
Amnesty International analysed open-source evidence around the battle for Hodeidah and found that military vehicles and weapons supplied to the UAE are now widely in use by militias on the ground.
A wide variety of US-supplied armoured vehicles equipped with heavy machine guns, including M-ATV, Caiman and MaxxPro models, have been documented in the hands of UAE-backed militias Security Belt, Shabwani elite forces and “The Giants”.

Elsewhere in Yemen, the UAE has directly trained and funded militias including the Security Belt and Elite Forces, which operate a shadowy network of secret prisons known as “black sites”.
Amnesty International and others have previously documented these forces’ role in enforced disappearances and other violations at these facilities – including detention at gunpoint, torture with electric shocks, waterboarding, hanging from the ceiling, sexual humiliation, prolonged solitary confinement, squalid conditions and inadequate food and water.
The UAE-backed militias running these black sites wield Bulgarian rifles and drive US armoured vehicles.

Violating the Arms Trade Treaty

Many of the states that continue to supply arms to the UAE are party to the global Arms Trade Treaty. Some have other legal obligations as EU members or under domestic laws not to transfer arms being used to commit war crimes. By persisting in transferring arms to the UAE, despite overwhelming evidence those arms are being used in war crimes and other serious violations in Yemen, they are flouting these obligations.

shorter abridged reports:

and full report, with background information also:

and debate, film by Aljazeera:

Remark: Just a few days ago, CNN had reported on US arms being spread to Al Qaeda, IS, various Salafist militia and the Houthis in Yemen: and film:


(** B K P)

America’s Excellent Weapons Are Also Victims of the War in Yemen

This is a good moment to work backward through the genealogy: the MRAP came after the armored Humvee, which came after the regular Humvee, which replaced the jeep. The United States military is now supposed to be operating on the principle that jeeps are sensitive technology that must never end up in enemy hands—while simultaneously handing out those jeeps to random foreign goon squads.

Those may seem like two contradictory kinds of nonsense, but they’re really just interlocking aspects of a military designed around nonsense. The United States has the largest, most expensive war-fighting apparatus in the world, and the war it was built for fighting doesn’t exist.

When I was growing up—in an Army weapons-testing town, after Vietnam and before the first stage of the Gulf War—military procurement had a deliberate unreality around it. The enemy was the Soviets, so it was considered necessary to build and maintain an all-out tanks-and-guns army to match and exceed the Red Army, even though any all-out tanks-and-guns war between the countries would have been superseded by someone nuking someone else first. The real conflict was a matter of pumping weapons into existing war zones or helping overthrow governments and murder dissidents in third-party countries, while at home contractors pumped out ever more hypertrophic, expensive, and dysfunctional arms systems. It wasn’t like we had to use them.

And then history turned over and we did start using them. We just didn’t use them against anyone who could hit back with the same kinds of weapons, let alone anyone who could possibly make us fall back to the nukes. We ended up at war against opponents no one could aim a nuclear missile at: irregulars, stateless forces, people who wouldn’t even show up to be shot by the tanks.

So our war policy envisions fighting a global, open-ended conflict without suffering the casualty levels of old-fashioned army-on-army total war. The two ways to try to do this are by using abundant and overwhelming weapons and armor, and by letting other people do the fighting. In Yemen, we’ve done both, selling arms to the Saudis and the United Arab Emirates—for the money, originally, to be “expensive paperweights,” but now letting them use them as they see fit, for some sort of regional proxy advantage against Iranian influence. Now it turns out this is bad for the weapons, among other things it’s bad for –by Tom Scocca

(** B P)

Youth Activism in the Yemeni Civil War

Internet Mitigates Effects of Violence as Local Factors

The Yemen Polling Center

The Yemen Polling Center (YPC) is an independent organization providing social science research services. The YPC was established in 2004 as the first polling center in Yemen. We received our registration certificate No. 147 from the Ministry of Social Affairs & Labor in December 2005

Main Findings

The conditions for political activism and advocacy have become extremely difficult in Yemen. Restrictions are most severe in areas under Houthi control, where there is pervasive surveillance and a crackdown on civil activism, academia, human rights organizations and the media. Security threats are not limited to Houthi-controlled territory, but arise from an array of actors, in line with the break-up of the Yemeni state. The lack of security, deteriorating economy and loss of donor funding have caused many youth groups to cease their work.

Opportunities for youth activism abounded in the transitional period after the 2011 uprising, although youth political participation did not significantly increase.

Yemeni policy makers became receptive to the ideas of Yemen’s young generation. The international community supported youth activism with funding, training, networking events and travel opportunities. With the collapse of the political process in 2014, these opportunities began to dwindle.

Access to social media has blunted some of the restrictions on political activism and advocacy placed by the armed factions. A steady proportion of youth retain access to the Internet. The YPC survey found that one third of 15- to 25-year-olds have accessto the Internet. Crackdowns across the country have not stifled the Internet as a significant political tool. Eighteen percent of 15-25-year-olds with Internet access use the Internet frequently to discuss politics. Those who describe themselves as using social media occasionally for political purposes number 28 percent.

In a survey of 300 influential figures (mainly tribal sheikhs, military officers and local council representatives), 90 percent said they believe it is important to consider the opinion of their communities. Almost all of the 300 rely on social media for information.

Eleven percent of young Yemenis between 15 and 25 years old say they are in contact with their community leaders and have relayed their needs to them. Forty-one percent of the decision makers find it important to consider the opinions of youth, but only few meet with youth.

The war reinforced gender gaps. Women continue to lag in access to the Internet and remain more sidelined within their communities when compared to their male peers.

Report Objectives

The report is part of the project Youth Voices in Policy, which the Yemen Polling Center (YPC) ran from 2015 to 2017.

Given the new political conditions in Yemen, it was unclear whether youth advocacy was still possible, how it could be supported and whether Yemeni policy makers valuedthe opinion of community members at all. The goal of this report is to better understand the conditions for youth activism. To this end, the YPC conducted a survey of 300 local-level decision makers and influential social and political figures from across the country in the July 2017. The objective was to determine how receptive these figures were to their communities’ opinions.

Many of the 300 were tribal sheikhs, local council members and military or police officers. We used data collected through a representative nationwide survey of youth (implemented in May 2017) to assess how valued youth feel by their community leaders and whether and how they are in contact with them. The respondents are between the ages of 15 and 25; half female and half male – by Meike Transfeld

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Seuchen / Most important: Epidemics

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World Health Organization: Outbreak update – Cholera in Yemen, 07 February 2019

The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has reported 8570 suspected cases and 9 associated deaths during epidemiological week 2 (7 – 13 January) in 2019. 10% are severe cases. The cumulative total number of suspected cholera cases from 1 January 2018 to 6 January 2019 is 387 860, with 526 associated deaths (CFR 0.14%). Children under five represent 32.0% of all suspected cases. Twenty-two of 23 governorates and 312 of 333 districts in Yemen have been affected by the outbreak.

From week 51 in 2018 to week 2 in 2019, the trend of weekly reported suspected cholera cases was stable at country level, even though 222 districts continue to report suspected cholera cases over the past three weeks. In this reporting period, upward trends were observed in only Lahj, where 68 suspected cholera cases were reported. The governorates reporting over 1000 suspected cases are Al Hudaydah (1428), Arman(1094), and Amanat Al Asimah (1048).

To date, out of 10 900 samples collected since January 2018, 3451 were confirmed as cholera-positive by culture at the central public health laboratories in Al Hudaydah, Sana’a, Taizz, and Aden governorates. This reporting period, 26 stool samples from Amanat Al Asimah (10), Sanaa (7), Al Mahwit (1) and Aden (1) tested positive.

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World Health Organization: Cholera situation in Yemen, December 2018


In December 2018, the Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen reported a total 47 310 suspected cholera cases including 86 related deaths (case fatality rate: 0.18%), from 20 governorates.

The cumulative number of suspected cholera cases reported in Yemen since October 2016 to December 2018 is 1 417 156 including 2 870 related deaths with a case fatality rate of 0.20%. The country experienced a second wave of this outbreak from 27 April 2017. The total number of suspected cholera cases reported during the second wave were 1 391 329 including 2 741 related deaths with a case fatality rate of 0.19%.

Since 27 April 2017, a total of 12 937 stool specimens were tested. Out of these, 4 319 were laboratory confirmed for Vibrio cholerae.

The 5 governorates with the highest cumulative attack rate per 10 000 are Amran (1 258.21), Al Mahwit (1087.47), Sana’a (781.53), Dahamar (704) and Al Dhale’e (652.50). The national attack rate is 493.95 per 10 000. The Governorate with high numbers of deaths are Hajjah (472), Ibb (371),

Al Hudaydah (343) and Taizz (221).

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World Health Organization: Outbreak update – Cholera in Yemen, 31 January 2019

The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has reported 9140 suspected cases and 12 associated deaths during epidemiological week 1 (31 December 2018 – 6 January) in 2019. 10% are severe cases. The cumulative total number of suspected cholera cases from 1 January 2018 to 6 January 2019 is 379 288 and 517 associated deaths (CFR 0.14%). Children under five represent 32.0% of the total suspected cases. 22 of 23 governorates and 312 of 333 districts in Yemen have been affected by the outbreak.

From week 50 to week 52 in 2018, the trend of weekly reported suspected cholera cases was decreasing at 12%. However, 226 districts still reported suspected cholera cases within the last three weeks. In this reporting period, upward trends were observed in Lahj, where 75 suspected cholera cases were reported. The governorates reporting more than 1000 suspected cases are Al Hudaydah (1823), Amanat Al Asimah (1058), and Arman (1039).

To date, out of 10 782 samples collected since January 2018, 3400 cases have been confirmed as cholera-positive by culture at the central public health laboratories in Al Hudaydah, Sana’a, Taizz, and Aden governorates. This reporting period, 17 stool samples from Amanat Al Asimah and Taizz tested positive.

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Film (Arabic): 590 cases of swine flu now

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Swine flu has killed 120 Yemenis in the capital Sanaa, Amran, Ibb and Saada. Around 600 others have been infected.

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58 cases of #SwineFlu in #Saada province north #Yemen 13 death so far Starvation, cholera, dephiteria and now Swine flu #H1N1 is spreading across Yemen

cp1b Am wichtigsten: Kampf um Hodeidah / Most important: Hodeidah battle

Siehe / Look at cp7

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U.N.: Yemen warring parties agree preliminary compromise on Hodeidah

Yemen’s warring parties have reached a preliminary compromise on how to implement a truce and troop withdrawal accord in the port of Hodeidah, although the deal has not yet been finally agreed, the United Nations said on Thursday.

The United Nations is trying to implement an accord in Hodeidah, the main entry point for most of Yemen’s imports, as part of efforts to end a war that has killed tens of thousands and left millions on the brink of starvation.

“A preliminary compromise was agreed, pending further consultation by the parties with their respective leaders,” the United Nations said in a statement following three days of talks this week aboard a U.N. vessel moored in Hodeidah.

The statement did not give further details of the agreement.

and also


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Talks at sea on Yemen ceasefire end without breakthrough

Fate of prisoner exchange deal in the balance with meeting in Jordan entering final day

One part of twin-pronged UN effort this week to push forward peace in Yemen ended in failure on Thursday as talks to implement a ceasefire in Hodeidah collapsed.

The head of the UN monitoring mission in Hodeidah, Maj Gen Michael Lollesgaard called off talks between government and Houth rebel representatives without any agreement on the withdrawal of all forces from the city and its three Red Sea ports.

“The negotiations came to an end because the Houthis are refusing to withdraw their forces from Hodeidah and the ports,” a Yemeni government official told The National.

The talks that began on Monday were held on a ship off the Hodeidah coast, reflecting the high level of distrust between the two sides despite agreeing to the ceasefire at UN-brokered talks in Sweden in December.

Meanwhile, negotiations on implementing a prisoner exchange that was also agreed in Sweden entered their third and final day on Thursday with no reports of any progress.

Remark: By an Emirati news site. Thi seems not to fit very well to the Western news agencies’ reports see above.

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UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock, Statement on the situation in Yemen, 7 February 2019

I am deeply concerned that the United Nations has been unable to access the Red Sea Mills in Hodeida since September 2018. Enough grain to feed 3.7 million people for a month has sat unused and possibly spoiling in silos at the mills for more than four months, while nearly 10 million people across the country remain just a step away from famine. No-one gains anything from this: but millions of starving people suffer.

Last month, two silos were hit by mortar shells landing in the compound of the mills, which is located in an area controlled by the Government of Yemen. The resultant fire destroyed some of the grain – probably enough to feed hundreds of thousands of people for a month. These events are to be deplored.

Access to the mills grows ever more urgent as time passes and the risk of spoilage to the remaining grain increases.

To date, forces affiliated with Ansar Allah have declined to authorize the United Nations to cross front lines into Government-controlled areas to access the mills, citing security concerns.

Discussions continue with all parties, and I appreciate the genuine efforts that have been made on all sides to find a solution. But it remains elusive. I implore all parties, in particular Ansar Allah affiliated groups, to finalize an agreement and facilitate access to the mills in the coming days.

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United Nations observers in Yemen may be stationed on a ship in al-Hodeidah harbor

The 75 observers of the international organization deployed in Yemen could be stationed in March on a ship docked in the port city of Hodeidah, UN sources said.

A source close to the dossier told France-Presse, "It is a solution", confirming information published by the French newspaper Le Figaro.

The paper said the United Nations had taken its decision on the ship, explaining that it would rent the 142-meter-long commercial vessel "MV blue fort" owned by the Canadian company "Bridgemans Services".

The " MV blue fort " is an old ship built in 1979 and converted in 2015 into a 299-cabin hotel, offices, and platform where a helicopter can land.

In its arduous negotiations with the parties to the conflict, the United Nations has since Sunday used a docked ship off the coast of Hodeidah, allowing the Houthi rebels and the Yemeni government to be assembled.

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Houthis force residents of Al-Jabaliah region south of Hodeidah to flee as a result of shelling

The intensive Houthi shelling forced residents of mountainous Al-Jabaliah area of Tahita district, south of the western city of Hodeidah, to flee to distant areas outside the city.

The Media Center told the Giants forces said that most of the residents of the area had left their homes, having been subjected to the ongoing Houthi bombardment.

The Houthis also bombed the positions of government forces in the area

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Armed Forces Spokesman: Aggression and Mercenaries Commit 172 Violations in Hodeidah Within 48 Hours

Spokesman of the Armed Forces, Brigadier General Yahya Sare'e, said that US-Saudi Forces do not respond to the Stockholm ceasefire continuing violations in Hodeidah. They continue to commit further crimes against citizens in a desperate attempts to evade their obligations under the Stockholm agreement. In the past 48 hours, the US-Saudi mercenaries committed 172 violations in Hodeidah.

He said in a statement to the Yemeni news agency Saba that the US-Saudi mercenaries targeted by 71 artillery shells, 4 missiles and 69 operations with various medium and heavy weapons residential neighborhoods, farms and Yemeni Army' sites in several districts. He explained that the fighter jets and reconnaissance drones continued to fly intensely over Hodiedah city and a number of districts.

He added that the violations of the aggression and his mercenaries are capable of obliging the head of the UN team to declare them as a party to the agreement and to hold them fully responsible for their failure to abide the Stockholm cease-fire in Hodeidah.

and also

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US-Saudi Aggression’s Daily Update for Wednesday, February 6th, 2019

In Hodeidah, the US-Saudi invaders and mercenaries targeted by artillery shells different areas in residential area in Alhali district. They also bombed various areas east of Drehami by artillery shells and machine guns.

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A woman was killed and two children seriously injured as a result of the explosion of a landmine planted by Houthi militia in Al-Mesna area in #Hodeidah city.

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Whatever happened to the ceasefire deal in Yemen?

Yemen’s warring parties agreed a UN-brokered ceasefire for the Red Sea port city of Hodeidah back in December but, seven weeks on, deadlines have come and gone and much of the accord has still not taken hold.

That there was a deal at all represented progress.

The Hodeidah deal has garnered the most attention, largely because humanitarians have been warning that a battle in the city would be catastrophic for a country that is so dependent on imports – especially as the port is in the north, where some 70 percent of Yemenis live.

The wording of the Stockholm Agreement is vague. That lack of clarity is either a design flaw or a feature, depending who you ask: it has allowed the parties to haggle over details and delay the process, but it may also have been the best that the UN envoy, Martin Griffiths, could get out of two sides who have been fighting each other for years.

An agreement in stages

The first step outlined in the Hodeidah agreement was an immediate ceasefire in the city and around the port of Hodeidah, as well as around two other nearby ports and oil terminals.

While there has been a decrease in fighting – and an all-out assault on Hodeidah has been put on pause – both sides have accused the other of multiple violations of the ceasefire.

Humanitarian sources on the ground told IRIN that while airstrikes on the city have stopped, fighting hasn’t decreased enough to allow aid delivery to take place unhindered or to make Hodeidah safe for aid workers or civilians.

“So far the agreement hasn’t

The next step in the agreement is a “mutual redeployment of forces” from the area, with security in the city becoming the responsibility of “local security forces”.

However, the sides disagree on who those “local security forces” should be. Griffiths and his team have been shuttling between countries and capitals since the December handshake trying to find common ground on this and other points of contention.

The withdrawal, which hasn’t happened yet, has been overseen by a UN-chaired Redeployment Coordination Committee set up by Dutch general Patrick Cammaert.

Sultana Begum, advocacy manager for the NRC in Yemen, said there needed to be a lot more progress on the ground

Prisoner exchange ‘hanging in the balance’

Future risks

If the Stockholm Agreement – particularly the Hodeidah deal – falls apart, it could precipitate the sort of large-scale battle humanitarians have warned could lead to massive civilian casualties, including a possible siege on the city and the destruction of Hodeidah’s vital port.

IRIN could not independently confirm reports from several sources that Houthi rebels are taking advantage of the current lull in fighting to mine parts of the city, but elsewhere in Hodeidah province the rebels have left behind landmines as coalition troops advanced.

Whether or not the offensive on Hodeidah resumes, aid workers stress that the deal was meant to be a first step towards eventual peace in Yemen. Humanitarian needs endure, in and outside of Hodeidah – by Annie Slemrod

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New Head of International Observer Group holds its first meeting at the Hodeidah Redeployment Committee

The new head of the Redeployment Committee and the United Nations International observer Group in Yemen, Danish general Michael Lolisgaard, began his mission in the City of Hodeidah and held the first meeting of the Redeployment Committee.

This comes just hours after Lolisgaard arrived in the capital Sana'a, under the control of the al-Houthi group, and moved to the city of Hodeidah.

A government source told Al-Masdar online that Lolisgaard presided the meeting over of the UN ship "Vos Apollo" in the port of Hodeidah, in the presence of the former head of the committee, Dutch general Patrick Cammert.

The meeting, which was held for the third consecutive day in the presence of representatives of the Government and Houthi redeployment committee, was still in session, without any progress being made, he added.

"We are waiting for the proposals to be put forward by the current Head of the Committee, he will make other proposals, or he will go on CAmmert proposal," he said.

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A civilian was shot to death by Houthi militia and another was killed by shrapnel of a mortar fired by Houthi militia in #Hodeidah province (photo)

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UN talks bring Yemen's warring sides closer to pullback of forces

Three days of UN-brokered talks between Yemen's government and Huthi rebels have brought the warring parties closer to agreement on redeploying their forces from the flashpoint of Hodeida, the United Nations said Tuesday.

Envoys from the two sides have been meeting aboard a UN vessel in the port of Hodeida since Sunday to hammer out details of the military pullback in line with a ceasefire deal reached in Sweden in December.

The UN push to persuade pro-government forces and Huthi militias to abide by the Stockholm agreement is "beginning to pay off," said a UN statement.

"Today, the parties are closer to agreeing modalities for phase one redeployment than they were six weeks ago," it added.

Phase one provides for a redeployment from the ports of Hodeida, Saleef, Ras Issa and from parts of the city where there are humanitarian facilities, according to the agreement.

cp2 Allgemein / General

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Interactive Map of Yemen War

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Selon les Nations Unies, le Yémen connait la pire des catastrophes humanitaires qu'a connue le monde depuis la fin de la Seconde guerre mondiale. 60% des armes utilisées contre les populations civiles viennent d'Europe. Comment en sortir ? Entretien avec le député européen Patrick Le Hyaric ( GUE-GVN ).

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Film: Hassan Al-Haifi war live.

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Hamzah Mubarak is a #Houthi #POW, released by #Saudi #UAE coalition days ago

According2video frm CO backed forces,he was injured in his belly(1st📸) his fingers were fine

But when was released,all his fingers in his hands&feet were cut off by Saudi

Hamzah spoke how he was tortured (photos)

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Report: The human, material cost of war in Yemen

This punishing proxy war in the region's poorest nation has ground on, dragging Yemen to the brink of collapse.
"The people of Yemen have suffered quite enough"
Despite more than three years of war, Yemen, the scene of the world's largest humanitarian crisis, still struggles for its fair share of the world's attention.
Since March 2015, the Saudi-UAE military alliance has carried out more than 16,000 air raids, almost one-third of which have struck non-military sites.
The naval blockade enforced by the Saudi coalition and airstrike damage to Yemen’s airports and other infrastructure are serious impediments to the delivery of humanitarian aid and exacerbated serious fuel shortages.
Multiple attempts to implement ceasefires to allow delivery of fuel, medical supplies, and food by international organizations have been unsuccessful, and delivery of humanitarian aid to those most in need has been difficult and sporadic.

Remark: A pro-Houthi survey of the war.

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VICE News Tonight Full Episode

Yemen Bombing Campaign & Ransomware Attacks (9:17 – 14:55)

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From Iraq to Yemen, counting the cost of war is an inexact science

A Labour MP’s grotesque take on Yemen war casualties serves only to show the sordid and politicised nature of body counts

Counting the bodies in conflicts is a necessary, confusing and too often sordid business.

Body counts are necessary for obvious reasons. Numbers supply a moral reference point. They tell us about the scale of a conflict as well as if civilians were targeted and how. They provide evidence for different kinds of human rights advocacy in an international setting, and assist in setting policy for emergency assistance.

Where counting the bodies becomes sordid, however, is when the process becomes political and weaponised for a purpose; that is, when it is in hock to competing agendas.

Official UN statistics put the death toll in Yemen as of March 2018 at 6,592, with 10,470 people injured. International organisations say the number of deaths is somewhere between 56,000 and 80,000 deaths. Each side accuses the other of reducing or inflating numbers to suit their own agenda.

The problem – as the current conflict in Yemen is demonstrating, and the Iraq war showed before – is that counting the cost of war is a far from exact science. Not least when it comes to the often fraught reckoning of a figure that can include both direct casualties of violence and those who have died from conflict’s secondary effects, such as limited access to health care.

From Iraq to Darfur, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and now Yemen, accounting for mortality in conflict has become an evidential battlefield.

The issue was dramatised again this week by the clumsy and one-sided intervention of Graham Jones, the Labour chair of the Commons committees on arms export controls (CAEC), who unintentionally underlined the difficulty of estimating mortality in conflict – in this case, civilian deaths from Saudi-coalition airstrikes.

Accusing international NGOs of dishonesty in their reporting, Jones promptly demonstrated his own agenda by seeking to paint Iran, backer of the rebel Houthis, as the principal aggressor.

But if Jones’ comments appear grotesquely one-sided – gifting the Saudi-led coalition apparent impunity for its role in the war’s human toll – they do, at least, underscore a wider problem in Yemen: the huge disparity in estimates of the number of victims of the war.

As of late last year, those estimates ranged from about 10,000 dead to almost six times that number. Few believe the lower estimate, while for it’s part Save the Children has claimed that 85,000 children under the age of fivealone “may” have died from starvation during three years of conflict.

So who is getting it wrong?

The reality, as anyone who has studied the figures for malnutrition and mortality in Yemen, is that – like Iraq – the numbers offered for public consumption encompass a vast spread of estimates – by Peter Beaumont

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

Siehe / Look at cp1

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Welthungerhilfe extends emergency response in Yemen

According to Welthungerhilfe’s assessment, the situation in Yemen is dramatically worsening despite current peace efforts. According to the latest UN figures, nearly 16 million people are going hungry, despite international aid deliveries. This is more than half the population. Around 2 million children under five are already undernourished. Without further assistance, about 250,000 Yemenis will face the risk of famine.

“The situation people face is worsening by the day. We fear that Yemen may be hit by a famine. The current peace talks are important, because only a political solution can put a lasting end to the suffering of the population. Financial support from the international community is important, and we need more flexibility, so the money can be used where it is most urgently needed. There should also be more pressure on the different authorities on the ground, so aid organisations have better access in the country. The upcoming international donor conference on 26th February must send a clear message”, stresses Mathias Mogge, Secretary General of Welthungerhilfe.

Welthungerhilfe is extending its support, due to the ongoing suffering of the population. =

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Photos: This man was found on one of the streets of taiz Yemen eating dirt and yelling "I'm hungry, I'm hungry". Ya Allah what has this ummah been reduced to...? Have we no shame, have we no Humanity left?

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World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster: Yemen Situation Update, January 2019

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Oxfam: It has been noticed that many #children in #Yemen have been skipping school to help their families get #water, this deprives them from their right to education.

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Oxfam: Yemen's Shattered Food Economy and its Desperate Toll on Women

Food security in Yemen is critically dependent on imports and incomes. Both have been knowingly undermined by parties to the conflict over many months, leading to the current high levels of suffering and starvation. For women, the impact of eating last and least is crippling, and coping mechanisms are becoming increasingly desperate. Displacement and high rates of physical, psychological and sexual violence are causing further suffering. An inclusive peace process is desperately needed to end this crisis.

The Geneva pledging conference must unlock financial and political commitments to meet the dire humanitarian needs, support the withering economy and pave the way for peace.

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Responsiveness for Relief and Development Foundation: WASH Needs Assessment Report: Shibam Kawkaban District, Al-Mahwit Governorate, Yemen - January 2019

The local economy continues to greatly suffer amid the collapse of public services leading to social collapse and increased risk of disease and starvation.

Collapsing urban water and sanitation systems, deteriorating water and sanitation conditions in rural areas, and lack of means to maintain personal hygiene and purchase safe drinking water all contributed to one of the worst cholera outbreaks.

Restrictions on fuel imports have sparked critical shortages and price hikes across the country, severely impacting access to safe water and other services, including health care and sanitation.
The cost of fuel has more than doubled, jeopardizing the provision of water, particularly for the most impoverished. Water pumping stations serving over 3 million people via public networks in 14 cities are running out of fuel. It is estimated that 30% of water stations operate only once a month due to lack of fuel and financial resources, while the remaining 70% are in poor conditions and inoperable. Prices of commercially trucked water – a main source for one fifth of Yemen’s population have skyrocketed forcing people to spend long hours waiting in endless lines to secure a few liters of water for their families from free water sources randomly supported by donors. The situation is even more miserable in rural areas, with some women spending four to five hours a day collecting water from remote locations.

Since 2015, RRD has operated in governorates including Sana'a, Al-Mahwit, Hodeidah, and Hajjah governorates to provide humanitarian assistance in the Health and Nutrition sectors as well as Water, Sanitation and Hygiene projects.

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Film: Saudi Arabia and the UAE transferred US-made weapons to al-Qaeda-linked groups and Salafi militias in Yemen, a CNN investigation has found. But that's not the full story

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Saudiarabisches Ärzteteam will siamesische Zwillinge aus dem Jemen behandeln

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Arzt im Jemen bittet um Behandlung siamesischer Zwillinge im Ausland

In einem eindringlichen Appell hat ein Arzt im Kriegsland Jemen um Erlaubnis gebeten, vor kurzem geborene siamesische Zwillinge zur Behandlung im Ausland ausfliegen zu lassen.

(A H)

Saudi team ready to treat conjoined Yemeni twins


(A H)

Conjoined twins born in Yemen need treatment abroad to survive

Conjoined twin boys born in Yemen are in urgent need of treatment abroad, but are unable to leave because the war there has closed the capital city’s airport.


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April 10, 2017: Yemeni Youth Speak: “We Are Stranded”

Editor’s Note: This article is part of a two-article package. The other article is “Yemen: Chaos, War, and Higher Education.”

Trapped, isolated, and often forgotten. That is the situation of many Yemeni youth, wherever they live, who are seeking education and, ultimately, employment.

As a result of the ongoing civil war in Yemen and the bombing by the Saudi Arabia-led coalition, Yemeni youth often don’t have electricity, health care, transportation or enough food, just like the rest of their families. They usually don’t have access to the Internet either. As a result, their calls of distress are rarely heard.

Their universities have been bombed. If they attended universities abroad, their families can no longer afford to support them and their government scholarships have stopped coming.

Here we let six Yemeni youth speak for themselves.

In the Yemeni Highlands: Displaced, But Still Hopeful

Two years ago, when 22-year-old Haneen Mahmoud had to leave her house near the airport in Taiz, a city still on the front lines of Yemen’s conflict, she thought she would be back at home and in her classes soon.

Now she is still far from the university she was attending, Taiz University, and living in her grandmother’s house with her mother and two sisters in Ibb city. One of her sisters has had to change schools three times in the two years since the family’s displacement.

Her father, a doctor, was out of work for a year. Now he works with an international non-governmental organization in Taiz, about three hours away, and the family hasn’t seen him since June.

Haneen can only occasionally access the Internet. Electricity depends on a solar generator that her grandmother bought by selling her gold jewelry. When Haneen’s phone is charged and she has the money for SIM cards preloaded with data access, she can communicate with her friends or search for ways to get back to university. Her five closest friends have moved to Saudi Arabia. Food is available, but expensive due to the war; the price of gasoline is high, driving up the cost of transportation.

In Taiz, Haneen was in her second year studying management. After her family was forced out of their home and she realized the situation was dragging on, she went back to the university to try to get an official transcript showing the work she had done. But there were no staff in the offices that provide such paperwork.

Taiz University reopened in July, but her family couldn’t move back into their old home as it is still in a conflict zone.


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April 11, 2017: Yemen: Chaos, War and Higher Education

In Yemen, a number of universities are physically shattered. A study by Mohammad Al Soofi, an education professor at Sana’a University, found that a dozen public-university buildings had been completely destroyed and another 25 university buildings were partially destroyed. A journalist’s video posted on You Tube shows a smashed Taiz University and a dean’s office that was used as a sniper’s nest.

“We are doing our best to keep operating as much as we can,” said Yahya Hadi, the undersecretary of the ministry of higher education in the Houthi-affiliated Sana’a government.

Problems with finances and transportation have interrupted many students’ education. Even students who haven’t lost family members to the war or been displaced by militia battles have been affected by inflation in food and gasoline prices. “More than half of our students have left the university,” said Adel Hamdani, dean of the languages faculty at Future University, a private university in Sana’a. “We have already reduced the fees by more than 30 percent and let students pay in four installments instead of two, but many students still can’t make it.”

Future University has already cut professor salaries by 40 percent to reduce expenses, he said: “Any more cuts could stop our operation.” Indeed, hundreds of professors from both public and private universities have fled the country for employment elsewhere, according to reports.

Public university students pay lower fees than those at private universities, but all have to spend more for transportation.

University life is also disrupted and tense in Aden, which is under the control of what was previously the central government.

Many students, even in relatively stable areas, are worn down and distracted by wartime problems. At Sana’a University, the head of the graphics department in the faculty of computer and information technology, Muhammad al-Raimi, said that the area around the university is one of the safest in that region. But he estimates that about 20 percent of the university’s 85,000 students have not been able to attend classes. “People don’t have money,” he said. “They can’t pay for transport, and they can’t buy books, so they stay at home.”

News articles circulate about Yemeni students who split their time between soldiering for militias and going to class – by Faisal Darem

My comment: Now, professors in Northern Yemen had not got any salaries any more – due to “president” Hadi’s central bank maneuvers.

(B H)

Wie ein kostenloses Frühstück 500 Mädchen im Jemen zurück in die Schule holte

Der Krieg im Jemen führt dazu, dass viele Familien unter einem akuten Mangel an Ressourcen leiden. Viele Familien sehen sich deshalb gezwungen, ihre Töchter von der Schule zu nehmen. Oft werden Mädchen bereits im Alter von nur 13 Jahren verheiratet. Eine Schule in der Hauptstadt Sanaa hat jedoch eine ganz einfache, aber effektive Form der humanitären Hilfe gefunden.

Die NGO Solidarios sin Fronteras (etwa: Solidarität ohne Grenzen) mit Sitz in Spanien und dem Jemen wird fast ausschließlich von ehrenamtlichen Mitarbeitern geführt und finanziert sich hauptsächlich durch Einzelspenden. In einigen Fällen betragen die Spenden nur 1€ pro Monat. Damit ermöglicht die NGO den Schülerinnen zwischen sechs und sechzehn Jahren ein ganzes Frühstück. Bevor das Projekt ins Leben gerufen wurde, ging ein Fünftel von ihnen nicht mehr zur Schule. Dann kamen nach und nach immer mehr Schülerinnen zurück. Seit September 2018 kommen nach Angaben der Gründer von Solidarios sin Fronteras wieder alle 525 Schülerinnen regelmäßig zur Schule.

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UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: Yemen: Organizations 3W Operational Presence (December 2018)

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UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: Yemen: Humanitarian Dashboard (January - December 2018)

Yemen is the world’s largest humanitarian crisis. In 2018, an estimated 22.2 million people - 75 per cent of the population were in need of humanitarian assistance. A total of 17.8 million people were food insecure and 8.4 million people did not know how to obtain their next meal. Conflict, protracted displacement, disease and deprivation continued to inflict suffering on the country’s population. Disruption to commercial imports, inflation, lack of salary payments to civil servants and rising prices of basic commodities exacerbated people’s vulnerability.

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

Siehe / Look at cp1

(B H)

UN High Commissioner for Refugees: UNHCR Somalia: Refugees and Asylum-seekers Statistical Report - 31 January 2019

From Yemen: 12,591.

(B H)

UNHCR Yemen Situation: 2019 Funding Update (as of 6 February 2019)

(B H)

UNICEF Djibouti Humanitarian Situation Report, December 2018

Djibouti is a country of 992,637 population with 27,431 refugees (UNHCR database June 2018).

The impact of drought is aggravated by additional pressures on already overstretched basic social services by asylum seekers (from Somalia, Eritrea, Ethiopia and recently Yemen) and migrants mostly coming from Ethiopia, Somalia and transiting through Djibouti to the Gulf countries via Yemen.

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

Siehe / Look at cp1

(* A P)

The Saudi-led coalition may be able to advance against the Houthis in Hajjah governorate in northwestern Yemen as the Houthis are drawn into managing a tribal uprising along a major supply route to the southwest. Tribal forces began *attacking al Houthi forces in northwestern Yemen on January 22 after the al Houthi movement violated the terms of a 2012 truce. Al Houthi officials *attempted to renegotiate the truce on February 2 but have so far *failed to reach an agreement (map)

(A P)

Five Houthis and two civilians killed by gunfire in Kasher north of Hajjah

Five Houthi militants and two civilians were killed by mutual clashes between the Houthis in the Sawdeen district of the north-western province of Hajjah, a local source said Wednesday.

According to the source of Al-Masdar online, the reason is that one of the wounded Hajur tribes tried to get out of the directorate to receive treatment in a hospital, but the Houthis tried to capture him, and he resorted to a tribal leader loyal to the Houthis.

He said tribal leader Akram al-Nashmeh had refused to hand over the wounded to five militants, who came to him for the wounded.

He said that clashes between the two sides resulted in the deaths of five gunmen, one civilian was in a grocery and another was passing in the area.

(A P)

Sanaa University launches weekly lectures to ‘analyze’ Houthi leader speeches

The faculty of postgraduate studies and scientific research at Sanaa University invited students to attend a weekly lecture to analyze the speeches of the “leader of Quranic march,” Abdulmalik al-Houthi, according to a poster that promotes the event.

The Quranic march refers to the lectures explaining some verses of the Quran according to the Houthi understanding. It was started in 2002 by Hussein Badreddin al-Houthi.

(* A P)

Houthis Must Release Awfa Al-Naami Immediately

The undersigned local, regional, and international organizations condemn in the strongest possible terms the unlawful detention of Saferworld Country Director Awfa Al-Naami by Houthi authorities in Sana’a, Yemen. We call for her immediate and unconditional release.

Ms. Al-Naami was detained at roughly 12:00 p.m., Monday, January 28, by the Houthi-run National Security Bureau after she had been called in for questioning.

This is not the first time Ms. Al-Naami has been interrogated. In recent months she has been subject to various threats and intimidation, as part of a larger, coordinated Houthi campaign against development and humanitarian workers in Yemen.

We call on the Houthis, and all other groups in the country, to refrain from harassing independent organizations and detaining their staff. This unjustified and unacceptable detention and abuse of human rights must end immediately.

(* A P)

The Houthi Group has closed Yemen organization for combating human trafficking and is intimidating and threatening its staff after the organisation revealed the group has been trading in and stealing body parts of its fighters killed in war.

(A P)

Jemen: Ansarollah-Bewegung nennt Äußerungen der US-Verantwortlichen über ihre Waffen im Jemen skandalös

Der Vorsitzende des Hohen Revolutionskomitees im Jemen, Mohammad-Ali al-Houthi, hat die Äußerungen der US-Verantwortlichen über Waffenlieferungen an Dritte im Jemen als skandalös bezeichnet.

Dazu teilte a-Houthi heute mit, die Lieferung von Waffen an Dritte im Jemen bedeutet die Teilnahme der USA am Krieg. Er fügte hinzu, die Weltgemeinschaft wisse, dass die USA das Ende des Kriegs im Jemen nicht wollten.

(A P)

Yemen's Ansarallah: US responsible for killing Yemenis

President of the Yemen's Revolutionary Committee referred to US claims on sending American arms by Saudi Arabia and the UAE to Al-Qaeda and Salafi militias, saying US is responsible for killing Yemenis.

According to the Yemeni media 'Al-Masirah', Mohammed Ali al-Houthi said if it comes true, it will bring an intelligence scandal for the US meaning that the country has no mechanism to control its arms and has given weaponry to others with no conditions and against international regulations.

cp6 Südjemen und Hadi-Regierung / Southern Yemen and Hadi-government

(A P)

Citizen Dies of Saudi-Mercenaries’ Gunfire in Al-Baidha

the mercenaries have killed one of the citizens at Al-Saufai checkpoint in Qanya region.

(A P)

Ministry of Fisheries Condemns US-Saudi Arbitrary Actions against Fishermen in Al-Mahra

The Ministry of Fisheries strongly condemned the arbitrary actions taken by the countries of aggression against the fishermen in Al-Mahra governorate. Calling on the international community to play its role against these violations.

The ministry said in a statement that the latest arbitrary actions was that Saudi Arabia prevented fishermen from practicing fishing in the area of Atab in Al-Mahra and threatening to target their boats.

my comment: It’s the Houthi government at Sanaa accusing the Saudis of their oppression in SE Yemen’s Mahrah province.

(A P)

Government forces reopen Taiz's only road after closure by gunmen

Government troops on Wednesday reopened the only road of Taiz besieged by the Houthis since August 2015, after it was closed by militants affiliated with the popular Resistance.

According to al-Masdar online, the closure of the Al-Dhbab outlet southwest of the city since Tuesday caused congestion and vehicles and prevented civilians from entering and exiting the city.

The Taiz police Department said it reopened the Al-Dhbab road this morning after a security campaign was carried out in the area to track down the militants.

(A P)

Yemen’s Foreign Minister meets with EU officials on political peace process

The Yemeni minister stressed the need to exert more pressure on Iran to stop from sending weapons to the Houthis

He said the vision of the Yemeni president was for the political settlement is clear that the priority is confidence-building measures

My comment: Telling the same bullshit again and again.

(A P)

Al-Makla Embraces the Second Round of the Southern National Assembly

During the upcoming days, the second round of the southern national assembly will be held in Al-Makla, capital of Hadhramaut. The southern national assembly headed by general Ahmed Said Ben Brik, finished all arrangements and preparations for holding the second round in Al-Makla as this round will see final touches of the desired southern state.

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A Delegation of the Southern Transitional Council and Human Rights Organization Visits the Central Prison in Lahj to Inspect Prisoners’ Conditions.

The delegation visited the prison’s facilities and talked to prisoners about their conditions and treatment. The delegation appreciated the efforts of the prison’s crew and warden for their efforts in treating prisoners well and providing them with possible needs under very poor conditions and lack of capabilities.

cp7 UNO und Friedensgespräche / UN and peace talks

Siehe / Look at cp1b

(* A P)

The Government provides a roadmap for the release of the captives and the Houthis appear willing to release some

The head of the government delegation to the Prisoners ' committee, Hadi Haig, said they presented a roadmap for the release of the captives, while the al-Houthi group announced its willingness to release 10 percent of the government's prisoners.

This came during meetings between representatives of the parties to the conflict in the Committee for the release of prisoners, since last Monday, in Amman, Jordan, with the participation of representatives from the United Nations and the International Committee of the Red Cross.

Haig said in a tweet on his Twitter page that they had presented the names of the prisoners to the United Nations representatives in the Office of the UN envoy to Yemen and the Red Cross.

On the one hand, the head of the al-Houthi representative in the Commission, Abdelkader Mourtada, said that the total prisoner exchange file was becoming more complex and that they had informed the United Nations of their willingness to make a relative exchange.

Remark: By a pro-Hadi government news site.

(* A P)

Yemeni Delegations Face more Obstacles Implementing Prisoner Exchange

Member of the National Delegation, from Sana'a, Al-Murtadha, gave a summary of the outcomes of the Prisoners Exchange meeting in Jordan. On Wednesday, the parties did not make any progress, Al-Murtadha pointed out that the aggression hinder the prisoner exchange agreement. He said that "We, at the same time, told the United Nations that we are ready to release 10 prisoners from the list of the other party."

"We are willing to conduct partial exchange, after the aggression decision not to conduct total exchange of the prisoners of the two parties," pointing out that Riyadh's party did not respond to the proposal, on the partial exchange, until the moment.

In the same vein, Al-Murtada said that "the Committee to exchange Bodies held a meeting today with the International Red Cross in the absence of representatives of the other party," during which a mechanism was discussed to carry out the exchange of bodies.

Remark: This is from the Houthis’ news site.

(* A P)

Yemen government says Houthis are delaying prisoner exchange deal

Mutual mistrust derails talks in Jordan

Yemen's internationally recognised government blamed Houthi rebels on Wednesday for delaying efforts to conclude a prisoner exchange.

The exchange was proposed during UN-brokered peace talks in Sweden in December as a confidence building measure preliminary to an eventual political settlement to end Yemen's three-year-old civil war.

But when representatives from the two sides met on Wednesday in Jordan for the second day of talks to finalise details of the prisoner exchange, Yemeni government officials said they had opposed attempts by the rebels to change the terms of the agreement.

“We have rejected claims made by Houthi rebels to split up the list of detainees, as they have proposed for the swap to take place in different stages, with only 200 individuals being exchanged in the first stage,” a Yemeni official, who is part of the delegation sent to Amman, told The National.

“We cannot allow for this to happen, all the names that we have demanded must be released,” said the offici

United Nations envoy to Yemen Martin Griffiths and ICRC President Peter Maurer attended the first day of the talks.

The final list of the thousands of prisoners is expected to be complete on Thursday between the two sides, the UN envoy said.

"It will lay the basis for the next step which will be to see that release happening," Mr Griffiths told delegates before the start of the second round of talks in Amman in less than a month.

(A P)

In his Meeting with Griffith, Al-Houthi Presents New Terms to Stop War in Yemen

Political sources in Sanaa revealed details of the meetings between UN Envoy to Yemen, Martin Griffith, and leaders of Al-Houthi Militias indicating that these meeting didn’t yield to any new outcomes. Sources indicated that Griffith tried to give the agreement a new push during his meeting with Abd Al-Malek Al-Houthi but discussion took another turn as Al-Houthis demanded stopping war, opening Sanaa Airport and entering political negotiations for inclusive solution while Al-Hodeida is to be part of this solution. Sources also asserted that Al-Houthi leaders told Griffith that they will not initiate withdrawal according to the terms of the government and coalition. Instead, they conditioned that current security forces controlling the port and city stay responsible for security while they refused to allow any security forces of the government to assume responsibility of the city and ports.

cp8 Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

(B P)

Film: 'Let's not forget these names: Loujain, Israa, Raif, Amal, Jamal - people who have been killed dismembered, tortured, flogged, imprisoned, sexually assaulted at the hands of our ally, Saudi Arabia.' Journalist @mehdirhasan argued that the west should cut ties with Saudi Arabia

(* A P)

Video produced by #Saudi Gen. Dept. for Counter Extremism (under Pres. State Security). It likens Saudi refugees to terrorists, argues that what both hv in common is being instrumentalized by foreign enemies against state & then suffering terrible fate.

Those accounts also first argued refugees are parallels to terrorists. Second thing to note from vid is the official tweet posting the vid used hashtag #اعتدالنا_يميزنا or “our moderation is what makes us special”. This is direct reference to Etidal org: …

But “moderation” word choice here is also implicit evidence how new nationalist & state actors use it against foes, implying they are national threats due to their lack of “moderation” and “extremeness”, which can now include ppl like numerous #Saudi women who left & live abroad.

One has to wonder at contradiction of Etidal, a new org primarily to fight violence that #Saudi state enjoys showing to any/all visitors, is also being used domestically to perpetuate rhetoric that threatens Saudis, eg. Saudi women failed by domestic systems (guardianship) (film)


(A P)

The #Saudi regime’s “Authority to Counter-Extremism” has made a one-minute ad in which it conflates women who escape Saudi male guardianship with men who join ISIS and other violent extremist groups. The conflation of feminism with terrorism. I am writing about this. Wow.

#Saudi regime trolls have attacked me for past month for helping Rahaf. They’ve accused me of kidnapping “our girls” and conflated feminism with terrorism. Sound familiar? It’s an old trick. Remember American Christian Evangelical Pat Robertson. #Feminism terrifies authoritarians

and this is the Saudi propaganda film’s original site:

(A P)

In all its forms and manifestations, extremism is one of the threats to society.

#Management_general_to combat extremism # We are fighting against extremism! (film)

cp8a Jamal Khashoggi

Siehe / Look at cp9

cp9 USA

Siehe / Look at cp1

(A K P)

Film, Hearing: U.S. Policy in the Arabian Peninsula (3:28 hours!)


(A P)

The IRC responds to the State of the Union

For his annual State of the Union address, President Trump chose the theme ‘American Greatness,’ but he failed to highlight what truly makes America great: our legacy of supporting people affected by violence and persecution here and around the world. Instead, President Trump distorted the record on people seeking asylum at the border. Notably absent from the President’s remarks were the world’s largest humanitarian crisis in Yemen and the historic scale of forced displacement globally.

Let’s set the record straight.

(B H P)

Yemeni Mother Affected By The Travel Ban Speaks Out After Her Son’s Death

Shaima Swileh, who attended the State of the Union this week, had to fight her way past Trump’s travel ban while her 2-year-old son lay dying in a U.S. hospital.

At the State of the Union address Tuesday night, Rep. Zoe Lofgren (D-Calif.) brought Shaima Swileh, a 21-year-old Yemeni national, as her guest. In December, Swileh was granted a waiver to travel from Egypt to the U.S. to be with her only child, 2-year-old Abdullah Hassan, a U.S. citizen, who was dying from complications of hypomyelination, a genetic degenerative brain disease.

HuffPost spoke with Swileh on Tuesday before the State of the Union. She has not spoken to any other news outlets since the death of her son.

(A P)

Despite criticism and complaints, MIT won’t cut ties to Saudi Arabia

MIT won’t sever its financial and research ties to Saudi Arabian government groups over the brutal killing of a journalist, despite the urging of many faculty and students, and complaints by some of the university’s female researchers that they face more restrictions than their male colleagues when working in the Saudi kingdom.

On Wednesday, MIT president L. Rafael Reif denounced the behavior of the Saudi regime for violating human rights but rejected calls to unilaterally pull out of engagements in the Middle Eastern country.

(A P)

Op-Ed: Yemen is Raytheon’s war, Raytheon is coming to Tufts

Pro-war, pro-empire propagandists on cable news try to deflect and blame Iran for somehow forcing the Saudi Kingdom to continue its siege war, but even the U.S. National Security Council disagrees with that. This is on us.

U.S.-based arms dealers like Raytheon not only provide the jets, helicopters, bombs and missiles that do this, but the U.S. military has provided direct support, including refueling these U.S.-made, Saudi-piloted jets midair until November 2018. If you want this policy to stop, call your home representatives and tell them so, because bills have been proposed in both the House and Senate.

(* B K P)

Capitol Hill Cowards: Why Congress Is Trying to Undermine Trump's Troop Withdrawal Plan

Afghanistan is America’s longest war, at seventeen years and counting. It has run longer than the Mexican-American War, Civil War, Spanish-American War, World War I, World War II, and Korean War combined. Yet Congress has conducted minimal oversight and done nothing as the executive branch’s aim devolved into pushing failure onto the next administration.

In Syria Washington chose to enter a civil war of minimal security concern to America. Syria was allied with the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Washington’s previous forays in similarly imploding Middle Eastern nations—Lebanon and Libya—turned out badly. The executive branch concocted ever more outlandish duties for American military personnel: extirpate ISIS, exclude Iran, confront Russia, pacify Turkey, protect Kurds, and pressure Damascus. Yet Congress never voted on the continual usurpation of legislative power.

Members also sat like potted plants as presidents illegally made war in Libya, Syria, and Yemen and threatened to unilaterally strike Iran, North Korea, and now Venezuela. Legislators preferred to avoid committing themselves. If the ensuing conflict goes well, then they will applaud the president; if it goes badly, then they will criticize his impetuous incompetence. They routinely refuse to live up to their constitutional responsibilities, unless forced to do, as when President Barack Obama tossed the issue of bombing Syria to Congress.

Now, however, the Senate has voted to condemn “the precipitous withdrawal of United States forces” from both Afghanistan and Syria. Doing so “could put at risk hard-won gains and United States national security.”

Almost comical is the resolution’s reference to “hard-won gains.” Coincidentally, earlier the same day the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction released his latest quarterly report. The reality on the ground is accurately described as “hard-won,” but there are few “gains” to record.

McConnell, who is revealing himself as one of the upper body’s uber hawks, offered his justification to USA Today: “The United States is engaged in Syria and Afghanistan for one simple reason: because our enemies are engaged there.” Failed presidential candidate Marco Rubio made a similar claim, that “These people, who are going to operate in these safe havens and Iran, we are their target.” These are silly contentions, however, especially in a world featuring terrorists who operate most everywhere – by Doug Bandow

My comment: This is crucial to better understand the background of the Yemen war.

(* A P)

Top Democrat Seeks New U.S. Penalties Against Saudi Arabia

The top Democrat on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee plans to escalate pressure on the Trump administration to act against Saudi Arabia over the killing of Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi, as a deadline nears for deciding whether to impose additional sanctions.

Senator Robert Menendez of New Jersey is planning fresh legislation designed to impose a stronger U.S. response to the killing.

Menendez said Tuesday he’s acting after failing to receive a reply from the administration to a letter he and 21 other senators in both parties sent four months ago invoking the Magnitsky Act of 2016, which gave the Trump administration 120 days to make a decision on new sanctions related to the circumstances of Khashoggi’s murder in Saudi Arabia’s consulate in Istanbul.

"That’s why we’re going to be pursuing our Saudi Arabia-Yemen legislation shortly," he said. Menendez added that he expects bipartisan support for the effort and said there’s frustration the administration hasn’t laid out any additional penalties against the kingdom.

The legislation will be an updated version of a measure Menendez sponsored last year, according to the senator’s spokesman. That bill sought to suspend weapons sales to the kingdom, block U.S. refueling of Saudi-coalition aircraft engaged in Yemen’s civil war and impose mandatory sanctions on those responsible for Khashoggi’s death.

(* B P)

It Will Take More Than Congress to Cure America’s War Addiction

All that talk about "reclaiming" congressional war powers? Historically, Congress has applauded presidential wars.

Is Congress finally asserting itself in foreign policy? In January, legislators reintroduced a resolution that directs President Trump to end U.S. support for the Saudi-led coalition’s catastrophic war in Yemen. Supporters of the resolution hope the newly Democrat-majority House will muster enough votes, just as the Senate did by a 56-41 margin in the previous Congress last December.

Congressional action on Yemen could end a particularly awful conflict that has produced mass famine and cholera. Yet many liberal pundits and legislators seem to welcome the resolution for its own proceduralist sake: Any legislative action in foreign policy is somehow good in and of itself, no matter the content of its actions.

Once the resolution passes, the coalition that supported it needs to decide which argument—the overtly anti-war or the proceduralist—to prioritize as a growing number of Americans across the political spectrum grow weary of Washington’s other military campaigns in Afghanistan, Syria, and Iraq. Although anti-war organizers rarely realize it, “reclaiming” Congress’s war powers is not necessarily a step toward peace.

You’ve probably heard the refrain on Congress and war powers, presented perennially as a cure-all for toxic conflicts ever since the Vietnam era. The last time our government formally declared war was in 1942, and since then the legislative branch has acted like a feckless “bystander” to wars initiated by the executive, and must now “reclaim,” “reassert,” or “take back” its war powers from the increasingly “unlimited authority” of the “imperial” president. It’s in the Constitution: only Congress, per Article I, Section 8, has the power to declare war.

This argument typically gives the impression that, if only proper procedure were followed, the United States would have avoided any number of disastrous entanglements—Vietnam, Iraq, Libya, Yemen, and more. The problem is that it’s not borne out by historical evidence.

Contrary to Beltway commentariat consensus, American bellicosity is not merely the result of uncontrolled executive branch war-making. Often forgotten is the fact that Congress has mostly supported the United States’ wars, usually with great enthusiasm. Legislators have the constitutional authority to stop and deliberate the president’s wars, but have historically been unwilling to exercise it – by Gunar Olsen

My comment: Oh this is true. Last cases of lawmakers supporting US wars and interventions: Syria and Venezuela. Within the ruling US system, this will never stop. Cuba, Nicaragua, Bolivia will be the next.

(* A P)

House panel advances measure to withdraw US support from Saudi coalition in Yemen

The House Foreign Affairs Committee on Wednesday advanced a resolution that would require President Trump to withdraw U.S. forces from the Yemen civil war.

The Democratic-led panel voted 25-17 along party lines to send the war powers resolution to the full House, setting the stage for Democrats to confront Trump over his support for Saudi Arabia in the conflict.

“Our country’s strategic partnership with Saudi Arabia, despite some bumps in the road, has been a valuable one,” committee Chairman Eliot Engel (D-N.Y.) said. “But neither the threats facing the Saudis nor America’s partnership with the kingdom mean that the Saudis should have a blank check. We cannot look the other way when it comes to the recklessness with which the Saudi-led coalition has conducted its operations.”

The vote came after the committee’s first hearing of the new Congress, in which lawmakers heard from four experts on U.S. policy in the Arabian peninsula.


(* A P)

House Dems defy Trump on Yemen and Saudi Arabia

In a party-line vote, the panel’s Democrats sent a War Powers resolution to the House floor, where it is likely to pass overwhelmingly in the coming days. A companion effort in the Senate will follow, but its prospects are less certain as Trump administration officials are ramping up efforts to discourage Republican defections.

The backdrop of the highly anticipated vote remains the Trump administration’s close relationship with Saudi Arabia — in particular, bipartisan frustration with its continued backing of the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen’s civil war, which is fighting Iran-backed Houthi rebels in what has devolved into a humanitarian crisis.

With the bill expected to easily pass in the Democratic-controlled House later this month, all eyes will soon be on Republican senators, who could soon force Trump to issue the first veto of his presidency. If both chambers approve the legislation, it would be the first time in history that both chambers passed a War Powers resolution.

There are now 53 Republicans in the upper chamber — as opposed to 51 during the December vote — which means that the path to victory is much narrower. But the chief proponents of the resolution are projecting confidence.

“The Saudis have done nothing to win over more votes since December,” Sen. Chris Murphy (D-Conn.), a main sponsor of the Senate bill, said in an interview.


(A P)

As Resolution to End US Complicity in Yemen Carnage Advances, Anti-War Voices Say, 'Now Is the Time to Call Your Lawmakers!'

(* B P)

Who Is Matt Duss, and Can He Take On Washington’s ‘Blob’?

Bernie Sanders’s foreign-policy adviser is part of a new generation of progressives fighting an entrenched status quo.

Matt Duss, 46, has recently become one of the most significant figures reshaping progressive foreign policy in the Trump era. Since February 2017, when Sanders hired him as his foreign-policy adviser, Duss has played a key role in advancing the Yemen resolution and has deeply informed Sanders’s growing emphasis on international affairs.

“I give Matt an extraordinary amount of credit on Yemen,” says Representative Ro Khanna, who introduced the joint resolution in the House. “He’s the principal reason that Sanders took this huge risk in introducing the War Powers Resolution in the Senate and agreeing to [support] what we had introduced in the House.”

Duss is now gaining prominence at a pivotal moment for progressive foreign policy.

(A P)

U.S. lawmakers criticize Saudi Arabia, ask about weapons restrictions

A senior U.S. lawmaker said on Wednesday he was troubled by a report that Saudi Arabia transferred weapons to extremist groups in Yemen and questioned whether Congress should consider more restrictions on weapons sales to the Saudi-led coalition.

“Should Congress pursue greater restrictions on offensive weapons to the Saudi coalition?” asked Engel, who as chairman has the right to review and put “holds” on major foreign weapons sales.

(A P)

Film: Lawmakers demand answers after CNN report on US weapons

Lawmakers are demanding answers after CNN's Nima Elbagir reported that US weapons are falling into enemy hands in Yemen. The top United States military commander in the Middle East suggested that America would continue to back its allies waging war in Yemen, despite new evidence of arms deal violations uncovered by a CNN investigation. Gen. Joseph Votel, the head of Central Command (CENTCOM), told a Senate hearing on Tuesday that withdrawing US support for the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen would remove the "leverage we have to continue to influence them" and could further endanger Americans in the region. Votel said the military was "looking more closely at the allegations" in CNN's report =

(* B K P)

Avoiding the Next Yemen: Applying Hard Lessons for Security Partnerships

The humanitarian crisis in Yemen, wrought by a conflict entering its fourth year, has called into question the nature and purpose of American security partnership with Saudi Arabia. That, in turn has renewed scrutiny of American security cooperation in conflict areas around the world. Such U.S. partnerships, from Somalia and Niger to Afghanistan and Iraq, will be front and center on the agenda for this 116th Congress. The increased oversight presents an opportunity to examine, and indeed emphasize, the structural and policy changes needed to prevent and minimize the humanitarian and reputational consequences of U.S. security cooperation in the future.

In a recent report, we provide a framework for how the United States can reduce the likelihood that its security support, including partnered operations, will contribute directly or indirectly to civilian harm or humanitarian crises. It may be tempting to separate issues related to civilians and civilian harm from the broader range of political and strategic concerns over security cooperation. But if we have learned one thing, it’s that civilian harm and human rights concerns related to security cooperation activities often are at the heart of public scrutiny.

Casualties and rights violations also can challenge the durability of a bilateral relationship. More importantly, civilian harm and human rights abuses undermine the desired effect of the joint efforts. As such, there’s good reason to consider human rights and civilian harm more seriously in the broader discussion about policy reform.

The recommendations that arose from our assessment are entirely consistent with the emerging policy consensus of “what works” in security cooperation, starting with the importance of selectivity and policy alignment. Mara Karlin, Frances Brown, and Stephen Tankel all have used research and case studies to illustrate the importance of political alignment and threat perceptions to the effectiveness of security cooperation in the context of national security policy.

The consequences for civilians can be dire when the political objectives or threat perceptions diverge between United States and its partners, and when that disconnect leads to the misappropriation of security resources or the misapplication of force – by Daniel R. Mahanty and Melissa Dalton

My comment: What to think about this? This is no critics of US imperialism – this is just a plea for a somewhat softer US imperialism. The assumption that the US should rule the world has not been dropped at all. I just am reading Noam Chomsky’s “Who rules the world”: Impressive, and he tells what we should know about US imperialism of past and present:

And Chomsky speaking about this subject, films:

(* B K P)

Tell Congress to end war and hunger in Yemen

Yemen’s civil war may be far away, but the American people can still do something to stop it. We can save millions of Yemenis who are starving because of fighting by a Saudi Arabia led coalition against Houthi rebels.

We must speak out against the conflict by encouraging Congress to pass the Yemen War Powers Resolution. This resolution would end U.S. support of the Saudi coalition.

The Trump administration is providing targeting and logistical assistance for the Saudi coalition, which has prolonged the conflict. Saudi airstrikes, which have killed Yemeni civilians, have been helped by the U.S military aid.

The resolution would reject any more military involvement. Our role in Yemen must be as a peacemaker and humanitarian only. The resolution passed the Senate last year but did not come up for a vote in the House. It is now being reintroduced in the Senate and House to try again.

(* A B K P)

CentCom faces questions about Saudi-led bombing campaign in Yemen

But it remains unknown how many aircraft or airmen from MacDill Air Force took part in the bombings, which have resulted in civilian casualties.

During a U.S. Senate hearing on Central Command’s military operations, Sen. Elizabeth Warren pressed its top leader for details about American support for the controversial Saudi-led bombing campaign in Yemen.

Air Force tanker jets and crews — some from MacDill Air Force Base — have taken part in those missions by refueling Saudi coalition aerial attacks against Houthi rebels.

Warren was questioning Army Gen. Joseph Votel, who leads CentCom from its MacDill headquarters.

But the question that CentCom and Air Force officials at MacDill and in Qatar say they cannot answer is how many aircraft or airmen from the Tampa base have taken part in the Saudi campaign in Yemen

Since 2016, the Tampa Bay Times has repeatedly asked officials from CentCom, the 6th Air Mobility Wing at MacDill and U.S. Air Forces Central Command, which oversees CentCom’s air operations, about what role the Tampa refueling wings have played in the bombing campaign.

Officials have repeatedly answered that they do not track that level of detail.

Warren did not specifically address MacDill’s role in Tuesday’s hearing. But she did ask questions about the overall U.S. role in the ongoing bombing campaign.

“The New York Times reported that personnel assigned to the coalition’s headquarters in Saudi Arabia readily had access to a database that detailed every airstrike or target, and a brief description of the attack,” said Warren, a Massachusetts Democrat and 2020 presidential candidate.

Then she asked Votel: “So does this database exist?”

“Today, we do have a database that does have that information,” Votel said. “We have the ability to see that.”

My comment: Then publish it.


(* A B P)

Film, Sen. Elisabeth Warren: When I asked the Pentagon last year if they tracked US fuel & bombs used in Saudi airstrikes that killed civilians in Yemen, they said no. This time, the Pentagon admitted there’s an entire database of that info and @DeptofDefense has access to it.

We have data to determine if Saudi jets killed Yemeni civilians with our support. We need to face the ugly truth - by continuing to enable Saudi Arabia, America is complicit in the humanitarian crisis in Yemen. We must end our support for this war now.

(* B K P)

Put an End to U.S. Support for the War on Yemen

The Saudi coalition has committed thousands upon thousands of war crimes against the civilian population of Yemen, their policies have driven up to 15 million people to the verge of famine, and they have been allying with Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) for almost four years. None of this has convinced the previous administration or the current one to cut off military assistance to the Saudis and Emiratis. It was too much to hope that credible reports of diverting U.S. weapons into the hands of terrorists and other extremists would have any effect. The Trump administration is abjectly subservient to the Saudis and their allies, and there is obviously nothing that any of them can do that will jeopardize U.S. backing. Our Yemen policy remains as despicable and indefensible as ever.

When the U.S. is too concerned about alienating its bad clients, that means that the bad clients dictate the terms of the relationship and get to do what they please with our support. It is the clients that should fear losing U.S. backing, but instead one administration after another caters to some of the worst governments in the world for fear of “losing” clients that need the U.S. far more than we need them – by Daniel Larison

cp10 Großbritannien / Great Britain

(A P)

63% Of A British Audience Would Prefer To Cut Ties With Saudi Arabia

A night of compelling debate at the Emmanuel Centre in Westminster on Monday eveningconcluded with 63 per cent of the 1,000-strong audience voting for the motion that “The West should cut ties with Saudi Arabia”.

The debate was organised by Intelligence Squared and began with a not insignificant 37 per cent of those present admitting that they were undecided on the issue. Two hours later, the audience had heard some of the most persuasive arguments for and against the motion and Londoners had made up their mind; they cast their vote to cut ties with Saudi Arabia.

Remarkably, a mere 5 per cent went home unsure of what to do with the Kingdom, which is a testament to the skill of all four speakers. Those defending the motion were journalist and broadcaster Mehdi Hasan and Saudi Arabian-born Professor of Social Anthropology at the London School of Economics Madawi Al-Rasheed; those speaking against were Egyptian-born Middle East expert Dr Mamoun Fandy and Conservative MP Crispin Blunt. Despite their defeat, the two speakers against the motion managed to sway 10 per cent of the undecided audience members to back their argument, increasing their share of the vote from 22 to 32 per cent.

The evening, perhaps unsurprisingly, belonged to Hasan and Al-Rasheed. Saudi Arabia under the de facto rule of Crown Prince Mohammad Bin Salman has stumbled from one self-inflicted crisis to another: the war in Yemen; the blockade of Qatar; support for the counter-revolution in the region post-Arab Spring; the so-called “anti-corruption” clamp down; and the brutal murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi: all can be laid at the feet of the young Crown Prince.

Given Saudi Arabia’s diminishing international reputation, Hasan and Al-Rasheed were largely pushing at an open door to persuade the audience to back the motion. It was also easy for them to cite examples of the West’s hypocritical relations with the conservative Gulf state.

cp11 Deutschland / Germany

(A K P)

Linksfraktion: Waffenlieferungen für den Jemenkrieg stoppen
Es ist eine moralische Bankrotterklärung, dass die Bundesregierung entgegen allen Beteuerungen weiter Waffen an Länder wie die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate genehmigt und liefert, die im Jemen an der Seeblockade und weiteren Kriegsverbrechen beteiligt sind. Die skrupellose Rüstungsexportpolitik der Merkel-Regierung ist so mitverantwortlich für die humanitäre Katastrophe im Jemen”, erklärt Sevim Dagdelen, stellvertretende Vorsitzende der Fraktion DIE LINKE. Dagdelen weiter:
„Mit einem ohnehin löchrigen und eng befristeten Exportstopp nach Saudi Arabien ist es nicht getan. Die Rüstungsexporte in die am Jemenkrieg beteiligten Staaten müssen gestoppt werden. Alle erteilten Genehmigungen an die im Jemenkrieg beteiligten Staaten müssen sofort widerrufen werden.”

(A K P)

Westliche Alliierte unterstützen Al-Kaida – Der Spiegel heuchelt Überraschung und Entsetzen

Heute kann man bei Spiegel-Online lesen, dass Saudi-Arabien im Jemen Al-Kaida und andere radikale islamistische Terrorgruppen unterstützt. Der Spiegel tut so, als sei das neu und heuchelt Entsetzen, dabei ist es altbekannt. Mehr noch: Auch die USA unterstützen die Terrorgruppen recht offen und auch das ist längst bekannt. Es wurde nur in Deutschland vom Mainstream unter dem Teppich gehalten.

Grund für den Artikel im Spiegel ist ein Bericht von CNN. Wenn CNN etwas berichtet, dann scheint der Spiegel sich genötigt zu fühlen, es aufzunehmen.

cp12 Andere Länder / Other countries

Siehe / Look at cp1 (Emirates)

(* A K P)

Morocco freezes involvement in Saudi-led coalition in Yemen

Moroccan government officials say Morocco has stopped taking part in military action with the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen's war, and has recalled its ambassador to Saudi Arabia.

Tensions have been mounting between Morocco and Saudi Arabia amid international concerns about the Yemen war and other issues.

A Moroccan government official said Thursday that Morocco no longer takes part in military interventions or ministerial meetings in the Saudi-led coalition.

Another Moroccan government official said the ambassador was recalled after a Saudi television report about the disputed Western Sahara.

(A P)

Zarif hits out at Trump over fresh anti-Iran claims in State of Union speech

[Iranian] Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif has delivered a strongly-worded response to US President Donald Trump for once again accusing Tehran of sponsoring “terror.” The top Iranian diplomat says Washington is itself supporting dictators in the Middle East region to advance its hostile anti-Iran policies.

“Iranians—including our Jewish compatriots—are commemorating 40 yrs of progress despite US pressure, just as @realDonaldTrump again makes accusations against us,” Zarif tweeted on Wednesday, in reference to the upcoming 40th anniversary of Iran’s 1979 Islamic Revolution, which toppled the Washington-backed Pahlavi regime.

Zarif further said Washington’s decades-long hostility towards Iran has led it to support “dictators, butchers and extremists” in the Middle East.

Zarif's tweet comes in reaction to Trump’s State of the Union address on Tuesday, during which he called Iran “the world’s leading state sponsor of terror,” and said the Islamic Republic “chants death to America and threatens genocide against the Jewish people.”

Comment by Judith Brown: Often Iranian voices seem much softer and more reasonable than that of our own poiticians. I am not an Iranian expert and I can see that Iran is far from perfect - and has been lucky in avoiding military action by the West so far - but nonetheless many facets of their foreign policy show them as more flexible and conciliatory than their Western adversaries.

(A P)

Japan bars journalist from going to Yemen

The Japanese government has ordered a veteran freelance journalist to surrender his passport to prevent him from going on a reporting trip to Yemen. The decision came amid debate in Japan about whether journalists should be prevented from going to war zones after the capture and release of a Japanese reporter in Syria last year.

Kosuke Tsuneoka, 49, told local media that immigration officers stopped him at Tokyo's Haneda airport on Feb 2, citing an order for him to surrender his passport. Foreign Minister Taro Kono said Tuesday the government issued the order to "a male Japanese national" at Haneda airport.

When asked whether the action violated Tsuneoka's right to travel, Kono said the journalist had the right to legal recourse. "I wish to express my utmost respect for journalists who are reporting in dangerous places," Kono said, while declining to disclose other details.

(A P)

British man detained in UAE after wearing Qatar football shirt to match

Ali Issa Ahmad held over ‘false allegations against security officials’ after initial arrest

A British football fan has been arrested and detained in the United Arab Emirates after he wore a Qatar national team shirt to a match.

Ali Issa Ahmad, 26, a British Arsenal fan who lives in Wolverhampton, travelled to the UAE for a holiday in January. While he was there he got a ticket for an Asian Cup match between Qatar and Iraq on 22 January. The tournament took place in the UAE between 5 January and 1 February and was won by Qatar.

Ahmad wore a Qatar shirt to the match not knowing that doing so in the UAE is an offence punishable with a large fine and an extended period of imprisonment.

After his initial arrest he was held over claims that he had made false allegations about security officials, a friend of Ahmad told the Guardian.

The UAE embassy said it was investigating the circumstances of the arrest and the Foreign Office (FCO) said it was offering support.

Comment: The UAE — a dystopian absolute monarchy where modern-day slavery is rampant and that only continues to exist because it has been protected by the US and UK empires — arrested and detained a British football fan because he wore a Qatar team shirt to a match

(* B P)

Pope Francis’s mass in the United Arab Emirates was historic — and complicated

The pontiff, in a first-ever visit to the Arabian peninsula, delivered a mass attended by tens of thousands, including many of UAE’s migrants.

UAE officials say that Francis’s public mass at Zayed Sports City Stadium in the capital city of Abu Dhabi drew about 4,000 Muslims and about 135,000 people total — many of them Catholic migrants from places such as the Philippines and South America. They’re part of a large migrant community in the oil-rich country that works building gleaming new towers or as domestic help, often under harsh or discriminatory conditions.

Pope Francis’s visit and his mass were a remarkable and very public show of Catholic faith in a region that is not particularly known for religious tolerance.

The UAE is more tolerant of different religions than some of its neighbors in the Gulf, particularly Saudi Arabia

But the country is still far from a bastion of religious freedom. There are strict laws against proselytizing by non-Muslims; blasphemy and converting from Islam are strictly prohibited and those who do so face harsh punishments, potentially including the death penalty.

But although it is certainly a historic moment and a positive step on the path toward greater tolerance and dialogue, particularly between the Muslim and Christian faith communities around the world, some critics saw Francis’s visit as giving the UAE cover — helping to gloss over both its still-stringent religious restrictions and its mistreatment of migrants, who are largely denied the possibility of citizenship.

(* B P)

Pope Francis' UAE visit: A public relation coup

The UAE, which the Pope described as 'a model for co-existence and human fraternity', is in fact a vicious police state

A model for co-existence?

The visit is in the wake of Abu Dhabi’s spectacular own goal in the Asian Cup where fans of fellow Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) member Qatar were denied entry and in the semi -final match, won 4-0 by Qatar, the Qatari players were subjected to a barrage of boos, bottles and shoes.

All this because Abu Dhabi’s crown prince and the effective ruler of the UAE, Mohammed bin Zayed, harbours an intense dislike for Qatar’s emir, Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani. Together with the Saudi crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman, Bin Zayed launched an air, sea and land blockade of their small Gulf neighbour in June 2017, one that continues to this day.

In the UAE, anyone showing sympathy towards Qatar faces a jail sentence of up to 15 years and fines equivalent to $136,000, so virulent is Mohammed Bin Zayed’s hatred. Hardly the action of a leader and a country that the pope described as a “model for co-existence.”

Still, the visit is a public relations coup that will no doubt go a long way to repairing the damage to its global image occasioned by the ill-mannered and vindictive treatment of the Qatari football team who, in a wonderful moment of karmic justice, went on to win the cup.

It is also useful to the Catholic church, as the visit is the first by a pontiff to the Gulf region.

A lifetime gratitude

The Pope’s mass, heavily attended by Catholic migrant workers, is of huge significance to the UAE’s large Filipino community. The National, the leading English language newspaper in the UAE, could barely contain its enthusiasm

UAE's prisoners of conscience

And one wonders, too, whether the Pope’s sermon could penetrate the walls of Abu Dhabi’s Al Wathba prison. Were Pope Francis himself allowed entry and given full access to its prisoners, he would meet Ahmed Mansoor, detained in solitary, arbitrarily and unjustly sentenced to 10 years and fined 1 million Emirati Dirham ($273,000) for peacefully expressing his views.

If he was given freedom to visit, Pope Francis would also find dozens of other prisoners of conscience and the lawyers who had striven to defend them.

A vicious police state

In Al Wathba prison, the Pope might find that the country he has called “a model for co-existence and human fraternity” is in fact a vicious police state that uses some of the most sophisticated surveillance technology in the world to spy on and to repress not only its own citizens but others who dare to criticise and condemn its behaviour.

Comment: Interfaith has become a PR tool for Arab regimes. Simple as that. Such gestures don’t advance anything other than official image. As religious clerics (both Muslim & non-Muslims) associate themselves with autocrats, that even hurts legitimacy & message. The most basic of facts.


(* B P)

Pope Francis just made history by visiting the Arabian Peninsula. But was he a pawn?

Religious history was made this week on the Arabian Peninsula, with Pope Francis becoming the first pontiff to visit the region.

The visit was undoubtedly historic, and, to many, encouraging.

Yet to many Muslims like me, the famously humble and open pope may have allowed himself to be a pawn as his Gulf interlocutors use him to bolster their facade as a tolerant, liberal society while suppressing diversity and freedom and waging war in Yemen.

To start with, the Gulf state’s decision to present Sheikh al-Tayeb as a pope-like figure, able to speak for a wide swath of Muslims, is misleading at best and perhaps intentionally deceptive at worst.

Yes, Sheikh al-Tayeb holds a central place in an influential hierarchical religious body. But Muslims have no shared overarching institution the way Catholics — however polarized they are — do with the papacy.

Modern-day Muslims look to many figures and bodies for this type of guidance.

This is why the pope’s stop in the Gulf, and with al-Tayeb, is being looked at askance by many Muslims.

The contrast between the pope and Gulf leaders was stark. I suspect Francis is likely more popular among Muslims than al-Tayeb for his willingness to defend Muslim refugees and to stand up to dictators and prejudice. Muslims worldwide cherish annual images of him washing the feet of Muslim refugees and prisoners during Easter atonement.

As the UAE embarked on a PR blitz to promote itself as a religiously tolerant and diverse state, images of the pope’s arrival in a small navy blue Kia to an ornate presidential palace were jarring. The pope’s hosts took a decidedly tone-deaf approach to his trademark asceticism and modesty, welcoming him with a 21-heavy artillery gun salute, ceremonial guards armed with machine guns and a fighter jet flyover.

Muslim fans of the pope are wondering if the pope’s approach to peace-building via engagement with the UAE government is naive at best, misguided at worst.

To promote itself as a role model for coexistence, the Gulf state assigned a minister of tolerance and established an institute to fight extremism. But according to Open Doors, a group that monitors the global persecution of Christians, converts in the UAE cannot practice their religion freely, and expatriates cannot pray in public. Blasphemy and apostasy also carry a possible death sentence. Proselytizing is a criminal offense.

The UAE, critics also say, has a long history of faith-washing — using interfaith engagement to obscure its dismal human rights record, authoritarian governance and shared responsibility for one of the worst famines in living history, which resulted in the deaths of tens of thousands of Yemenis according to U.N. records.

Francis may not be concerned with his host’s reasons for inviting him or choreographing what to Muslims like me looks like an elaborate interfaith carnival. Perhaps he sees an opening to work behind the scenes on the justice issues for which Muslims have come to respect — and even rely upon — him in an era of despots. That is the man Muslims have come to revere; the politically savvy pontiff who has made dialogue with Muslims a cornerstone of his papacy – by Dalia Hatuqa

Comment: If you want to have a different perspective on the Pope’s visit to the UAE, away from the misleading fluff, read this well-informed piece

cp13a Waffenhandel / Arms trade

Siehe / Look at cp1

(* B K P)

Schweizer Handgranaten nun auch im Jemen-Krieg

Erneut sind Schweizer Waffen in einem Kriegsgebiet aufgetaucht: Ein Video beweist, dass Handgranaten der Schweizer Waffenschmiede Ruag von Terror-Milizen im Jemen benutzt werden. Herkunft: Waffenlieferung an die Araber.

Schon wieder sind Schweizer Waffen in die falschen Hände geraten! Handgranaten der Schweizer Waffenschmiede Ruag kommen im Jemen zum Einsatz. Das geht aus einem TV-Beitrag des deutschen Ausland-Senders «Deutsche Welle» hervor.

Die Handgranaten des Typs HG 85 werden demnach von den Abu-al-Abbas-Brigaden eingesetzt, die mit der Terrororganisation Al Kaida verbündet sind.

Die Handgranaten stammen vom bundeseigenen Waffenkonzern Ruag. Anhand der Seriennummer einer Granate habe das Unternehmen den Weg in den Jemen nachzeichnen können, so berichtet das deutsche Nachrichtenmagazin «Der Spiegel».

(* B K P)

American Weapons in Yemen: A Cautionary Tale

Although the extent of the problem in Yemen is disturbing, the illegal dispersion of American weapons is nothing new. And the fact that Saudi Arabia and the UAE are unreliable customers should not come as any surprise.

American experience in the Middle East has long demonstrated that sending weapons into conflict zones is a recipe for trouble.

Nor is the problem of dispersion limited to the battlefield. American weapons often wind up crossing national borders to be sold to the highest bidders on the black market. The CNN report notes that Yemeni black markets are showcasing American weapons, but so are markets in Somalia, South Sudan, Mali, Cote d-Ivoire, and Latin America.

Losing weapons to adversaries and criminals makes life difficult enough. What makes the Yemen case particularly troublesome is the fact that Saudi Arabia and the UAE felt free to give up control over American weapons on purpose. The Saudi coalition hoped to gain traction and support from the militias in the complex political landscape of the protracted conflict. The fact that such transfers were technically illegal meant little.

Though arms sales advocates argue that selling weapons to allies will allow the United States to influence their behavior, Yemen illustrates the exact opposite. When arms sales customers have more immediate concerns in their own backyard, their willingness to take direction from Washington, D.C. dwindles.

(* B K P)

The U.S. is investigating whether the Saudi and UAE governments passed off American-made weapons to Al Qaeda-linked fighters, reports @CNN. How would this be possible? Take a look at the vast U.S. weapons trade

(* B P)

L'Italia vende armi anche agli Emirati Arabi Uniti, che devastano lo Yemen insieme all'Arabia Saudita

Ed ora bissiamo anche con gli Emirati arabi uniti, primi scudieri del Regno Saud nella guerra che sta devastando lo Yemen. "La tendenza di questi ultimi anni ad esportare sempre più armi verso Paesi non Ue e non Nato, comporta un evidente rischio di armare Paesi dallo scarso o nullo rispetto dei diritti umani – dice ad HuffPost Riccardo Noury, portavoce di Amnesty International Italia - All'interno di questa tendenza gli Stati del Golfo Persico giocano la parte del leone. Dall'inizio del conflitto in Yemen – ricorda Noury – l'Italia ha inviato bombe al Paese, l'Arabia Saudita, che guida la coalizione anti-Houthi, e non vi è segnale che questi trasferimenti cessino. Come dimostra il rapporto odierno, abbiamo fornito armi anche al Paese che è di fatto il vice guida della coalizione, gli Emirati Arabi Uniti". "A questo governo – conclude l'esponente di AI Italia – ci aspettiamo totale discontinuità rispetto al passato per quanto riguarda le autorizzazioni all'export di armamenti verso l'Arabia Saudita, e vorremmo rassicurazioni sul fatto che le nostre forniture agli Emirati Arabi Uniti non siano state a loro volta girate alle milizie che operano in Yemen".

cp13b Mercenaries / Söldner

Siehe / Look at cp1

(* B P)

US mercenaries linked to UAE agrees deal with China to run anti-Muslim detention camps

A controversial US mercenary group with ties to the UAE has signed a deal with China to build a training centre in Xinjiang where up to a million Uighur Muslims are reportedly held in detention camps.

Hong Kong-listed security firm Frontier Services Group (FSG), which is founded by Erik Prince, has signed a preliminary deal with the Chinese authorities. A statement posted on its Chinese website confirmed the deal but was later deleted in what appears to be an attempt to avoid a backlash against Prince’s activities.

Erik Prince made a name for himself as the founder of Blackwater, a private military contractor that did business in Iraq. He was also employed by the UAE in the late 2000s to build up a mercenary army. Blackwater was forced to relocate from the US to Abu Dhabi after its controversial role in Iraq, where its employees were held responsible for civilian deaths in Baghdad, including the 2007 killing of 14 unarmed Iraqi civilians.

Disgraced by the actions of Blackwater, Prince later sold the company and set up FSG but not before he was granted a $529 million contract by Muhammed Bin Zayed to build an elite mercenary army for the UAE and to report to the Crown Prince personally.

cp13c Wirtschaft / Economy

(A E P)

MTN Telecom is considering leaving the Yemen market after financial blackmail from Houthis

According to private sources, the MTN Telecommunication company is seriously considering leaving the Yemen market after continued financial blackmail of the Houthi authorities in Sanaa.

The sources told Al-Masdar online that the company finds opportunities to continue to dwindle in the face of escalating blackmail by Houthi rebels and said that they are blackmailing the company with exorbitant taxes, after they dominated the telecom sector overall.

The company is exposed to a long series of verdicts issued by the capital taxes court in Sana'a, including a provision for executive seizure of tens of billions of the company's funds.

The court issued provisions for the seizure of the company's daily income with the Yemeni commercial bank, the Yemeni International Telecommunication Company (Teleyemen) and seven exchange companies, which provided for the provision of the company's revenues to the tax authority account.

cp14 Terrorismus / Terrorism

(A T)

#IslamicState in #Yemen (ISY) claims it foiled an #alQaeda assault yday in Bayda' & eulogized new martyr. ISY bothers to eulogize more than other #ISIS provinces (as observed by 24/7 #jihad watcher @SaladinAlDronni). Perhaps because tight/small group in #Yemen & motivates others (image)


(A T)

#AQAP's version of clash with #IslamicState in #Yemen (ISY) yday is just that it bombed an ISY vehicle in Qayfa. Score card for mutual attacks this year is AQAP 10, ISY 5. ISY accuses AQAP of working with Yemen army but AQAP struck Security Belt forces 3x in Jan versus ISY's zero (image)

(A T)

Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) is temporarily prioritizing combating the Islamic State over the al Houthi movement in central Yemen in order to maintain its position as the dominant Salafi-jihadi group in the area. AQAP began to acknowledgeattacks against the Islamic State in December, indicating an effort to reclaim control of a narrative that the Islamic State had monopolized since clashes began in July.

cp15 Propaganda

(A P)

Congress: Please consider the consequences of your resolutions on Yemen

Years of Houthi aggression have left my nation pockmarked and weary, consumed by the world’s worst humanitarian crisis and desperate for peace. Yet, we haven’t given up hope. We believe a political solution that will protect and empower all Yemeni people is within reach. After three years of stonewalling, the Iran-backed Houthis are slowly moving toward the negotiating table.

Yemen is one part of an Iranian strategy to extend its revolution to the region. I

Just who are the Houthis? To understand this group, you don’t have to look much further than what is printed on their flag, which reads: "God is Great, Death to America, Death to Israel, Curse the Jews, and Victory to Islam.” This motto is partially modelled on the motto of revolutionary Iran.

In Yemen, the Houthis have executed a brutal guerrilla war using illegal and internationally banned tactics

The world, except for Iran and Houthis, wants the same thing – a peaceful resolution in Yemen.

The Government of the Republic of Yemen urges all members of Congress to reassess their stance appealing for the withdrawal of U.S. support from this conflict, and to consider the profound consequences and negative effect this would have on our shared security interests in both the U.S. and region – by Dr. Ahmed Awad BinMubarak is Ambassador of Yemen to the United States of America

My comment: This is quite bad Hadi government propaganda – even willingly mixing up political support to the Hadi government – and military support to the Saudi war in Yemen (which actually is the pointing Congress will be dealing with).

(A H P)

ERC launches health campaign for school students Yemen

cp16 Saudische Luftangriffe / Saudi air raids

(* A K pH)

Saudi coalition air raids and shelling day by day

Feb. 5:

(* B H K)

Angriff auf medizinische Einrichtung im Jemen: Ärzte ohne Grenzen bestürzt über Falschbeschuldigungen

Ärzte ohne Grenzen protestiert gegen falsche Anschuldigungen eines Untersuchungsteams zur Bombardierung eines Cholera-Behandlungszentrums der Hilfsorganisation in der Stadt Abs im Jemen am 11. Juni 2018. Die Vorwürfe wurden auf einer Pressekonferenz der Ermittlungskommission am 16. Januar geäußert. Die Kommission war von der von Saudi-Arabien und den Vereinigten Arabischen Emiraten geführten Militärallianz ernannt worden. Ärzte ohne Grenzen fordert, dass die Ergebnisse erneut überprüft und die fehlerhaften Behauptungen zurückgezogen werden.

Der Untersuchungsbericht erkennt an, dass die Militärallianz teilweise für die Bombardierung verantwortlich ist. Ärzte ohne Grenzen wird aber eine Mitschuld zugewiesen, weil die Organisation keine geeigneten Maßnahmen zur Vermeidung des Luftangriffs getroffen habe. In dem Bericht wird unter anderem behauptet, Ärzte ohne Grenzen habe es unterlassen, das Gebäude mit einem eindeutigen Symbol als medizinische Einrichtung zu kennzeichnen. Ebenso habe die Organisation nicht ausdrücklich darum gebeten, das Behandlungszentrum in eine Liste nicht anzugreifender Einrichtungen aufzunehmen. Tatsächlich hatte Ärzte ohne Grenzen das Gelände des Cholera-Behandlungszentrums mit drei markanten Logos gekennzeichnet und seinen Standort mindestens zwölfmal schriftlich den zuständigen Behörden der Militärallianz mitgeteilt.

„Nach dem humanitären Völkerrecht sind medizinische Einrichtungen geschützt und dürfen nicht angegriffen werden. Das gilt selbst dann, wenn sie nicht gekennzeichnet sein sollten oder die Standorte nicht den Kriegsparteien mitgeteilt wurden“, sagt Teresa Sancristoval, Leiterin der zuständigen Projektabteilung von Ärzte ohne Grenzen. „Es liegt in der alleinigen Verantwortung der Konfliktparteien, proaktiv alle notwendigen Maßnahmen zu ergreifen, um sicherzustellen, dass geschützte Einrichtungen nicht angegriffen werden. Die Verantwortung darf nicht bei den Zivilisten und dem medizinischen Personal liegen."

Bei dem Angriff wurden glücklicherweise keine Mitarbeiter oder Patienten getötet. Doch das neu errichtete Cholera-Behandlungszentrum wurde zerstört und war nicht mehr funktionsfähig. Die Einrichtung wäre für ein Gebiet mit mehr als einer Million Einwohner zuständig gewesen.

Seit März 2015 sind fünfmal Einrichtungen von Ärzte ohne Grenzen bei Luftangriffen der Militärkoalition getroffen worden.

(* B H K)

Unacceptable investigation findings into Abs health centre bombing

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is dismayed by several findings of the team appointed by the Saudi and Emirati-led Coalition (SELC) to investigate the bombing of an MSF cholera treatment centre (CTC) in Abs, Yemen, on 11 June 2018. We demand that the results of the investigation be reviewed and false allegations against MSF be withdrawn.

In a press conference held without notice on 16 January 2019, the SELC-appointed platform for investigating such incidents, the Joint Incidents Assessment Team (JIAT), made various unacceptable and contradictory claims that portray MSF as responsible for, rather than a victim of, the bombing.

While the report recognises that the SELC was partly responsible for the bombing, it fails to shed full light on – and attribute clear responsibilities for – yet another attack on humanitarian and medical work in Yemen. Instead, the report seeks to shift responsibility for the attack away from the SELC, claiming that MSF did not take the appropriate measures to prevent the bombing.

The report claims, for example, that MSF failed to display a distinctive emblem on the facility and did not explicitly request that the facility be placed on a no-strike list. In fact, the compound containing the CTC had three distinctive logos displayed, while MSF shared its location at least 12 times in writing with the correct coalition authorities.

"It is the sole responsibility of armed parties to the conflict to proactively take all necessary measures to ensure that protected facilities are not attacked."

“Under international humanitarian law, medical facilities are protected and may not be lawfully targeted even if they are not marked, or if the geographical locations have not been shared with warring parties,” says Teresa Sancristoval, operations director for MSF. “It is the sole responsibility of armed parties to the conflict to proactively take all necessary measures to ensure that protected facilities are not attacked. The onus cannot be on civilians and medical staff.”

While no staff or patients were killed in the attack, damage to the newly constructed centre rendered the CTC non-functional, and incapable of receiving patients from among the population of more than million people that MSF serves in the area.

MSF facilities have now been hit five times by coalition airstrikes since March 2015. =

Remark: The Saudi JIAT statement:

João Martins, MSF's head of mission in Yemen, June 11, 2018: “This morning's attack on an MSF cholera treatment center (CTC) by the Saudi and Emirati-led coalition (SELC) shows complete disrespect for medical facilities and patients. Whether intentional or a result of negligence, it is totally unacceptable. The compound was clearly marked as a health facility and its coordinates were shared with the SELC.”



(A K pH)

More Saudi coalition air raids recorded on:

Feb. 6: Marib p., Jawf p. Hajjah p.

Feb. 5: Hajjah p., Saada p., Jawf p. Jawf p.

cp17 Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

Siehe / Look at cp1b

(A K pH)

Jawf p.: mercenaries of the US-backed saudi-led aggression coalition fired their machine guns and shells at separate areas in Moton.

cp18 Sonstiges / Other


Photos from beautiful Yemen

(* C)

Historic photos from Yemen

and all albums:

Vorige / Previous

Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 1-509 / Yemen War Mosaic 1-509: oder / or

Der saudische Luftkrieg im Bild / Saudi aerial war images:

(18 +, Nichts für Sensible!) / (18 +; Graphic!)

und alle Liste aller Luftangriffe / and list of all air raids:

20:45 07.02.2019
Dieser Beitrag gibt die Meinung des Autors wieder, nicht notwendigerweise die der Redaktion des Freitag.
Geschrieben von

Dietrich Klose

Vielfältig interessiert am aktuellen Geschehen, zur Zeit besonders: Ukraine, Russland, Jemen, Rolle der USA, Neoliberalismus, Ausbeutung der 3. Welt
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Dietrich Klose