Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 594 - Yemen War Mosaic 594

Yemen Press Reader 594: 5. Nov. 2019: Das Riader Abkommen zwischen Hadi-Regierung und Separatisten unterzeichnet, die Separatisten entern den Staat – Ein starker Zentralstaat als Voraussetzung..
Bei diesem Beitrag handelt es sich um ein Blog aus der Freitag-Community

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

... Ein starker Zentralstaat als Voraussetzung für effektive örtliche Verwaltung – Die Müllkrise in Taiz bringt die Cholera – Menschenrechtsverletzungen in Saudi-Arabien – und mehr

Nov. 5, 2019: The Riyadh agreement between Hadi government and southern separatists is signed , The Southern Secessionists Enter the State – A Strong Central State: A Prerequisite for Effective Local Governance – Garbage crisis brings cholera to Taiz – Human rights violations in Saudi Arabia – and more

Schwerpunkte / Key aspects

Klassifizierung / Classification

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Seuchen / Most important: Epidemics

cp1b Am wichtigsten: Kampf um Hodeidah / Most important: Hodeidah battle

cp2 Allgemein / General

cp2a Allgemein: Saudische Blockade / General: Saudi blockade

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

cp6 Separatisten und Hadi-Regierung im Südjemen / Separatists and Hadi government in Southern Yemen

cp7 UNO und Friedensgespräche / UN and peace talks

cp7a Saudi-Arabien und Iran / Saudi Arabia and Iran

cp8 Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

cp8a Jamal Khashoggi

cp9 USA

cp9a USA-Iran Krise: Wachsende Spannungen am Golf / US-Iran crisis: Mounting tensions at the Gulf

cp11 Deutschland / Germany

cp12 Andere Länder / Other countries

cp12a Katar-Krise / Qatar crisis

cp12b Sudan

cp13a Waffenhandel / Arms Trade

cp13b Kulturerbe / Cultural heritage

cp14 Terrorismus / Terrorism

cp15 Propaganda

cp16 Saudische Luftangriffe / Saudi air raids

cp17 Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

cp18 Sonstiges / Other

Klassifizierung / Classification




(Kein Stern / No star)

? = Keine Einschatzung / No rating

A = Aktuell / Current news

B = Hintergrund / Background

C = Chronik / Chronicle

D = Details

E = Wirtschaft / Economy

H = Humanitäre Fragen / Humanitarian questions

K = Krieg / War

P = Politik / Politics

pH = Pro-Houthi

pS = Pro-Saudi

T = Terrorismus / Terrorism

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

Einführende Artikel u. Überblicke für alle, die mit den Ereignissen im Jemen noch nicht vertraut sind, hier:

Yemen War: Introductory articles, overviews, for those who are still unfamiliar with the Yemen war here:

Neue Artikel / New articles

(* B H)

Film: Yemen is Crippled - Don't let it die! It is time for the rest of the world to sit up and pay attention to Yemen. #YemenMatters

(* B K P)

Film: Why is Yemen at war?

Yemen’s five-year war isn’t slowing down. 24 million people - the population of Australia - are in need of aid. Confused about Yemen’s war? We explain the conflict that's sparked the world's biggest humanitarian crisis.

(* B)

Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: Hajjah Governorate Reference Map (as of 1 November 2019)

Ad Dali’ Governorate Reference (as of 1 November 2019)

Sa’dah Governorate Reference (as of 1 November 2019)

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

(** A B K P)

Yemen: The Southern Secessionists Enter the State

The agreement can be summarized in a simple statement, but full of political implications: the Southern secessionists, for the first time, enter the state. In fact, the Emirati-backed STC, now recognized as a political interlocutor by the Hadi-led institutions, by Saudi Arabia (and also by the United Nations), will formally become a government force: a new role for the STC, who will be held accountable by Yemenis for state and local governance (also new Southern regions’ governors are going to be chosen), security, services provision and the management of extracting resources. Coordination within the “anti-Huthi camp” has not existed so far.

The STC will find hard to balance huge political contradictions: the Riyadh agreement would state that as long as the war with the Huthis will not be solved, the STC will not seek for Southern secession, while a recent STC document defined secession as an “irreversible and irrevocable choice”. Other groups in the South could easily capitalize on STC’s pragmatic choice selling it as an ‘ambiguity’ or even a ‘treason’ of the Southern cause, especially if the new government will not deliver good governance.

The STC emerged as the most powerful Southern player thanks to the Emirati support, but the Southern cause, and locally-based claims for autonomy, are supported also by other actors. For instance, parts of the Southern Movement (Al Hiraak al Janubi) did not adhere to the STC and rejected its “second coup” military escalation; a National Salvation Council for the South was founded few months ago in Mahra to denounce the Saudi and Emirati foreign presence in Yemen (and mostly in the border governorate).

Moreover, the STC is going to share the government with Islah, the party rallying also the Yemeni Muslim Brothers who is considered “terrorist” by the STC: since Abu Dhabi announced that “UAE forces would resume jointly with their allies their fight against terrorist forces” in the South of Yemen and in other regions, what will happen if STC-affiliated groups target Islah-tied militias or vice versa, perhaps in oil-rich areas as Shabwa? In this case, which could be the reaction of General Ali Mohisin Al Ahmar, the Islah-tied vice president of Yemen and deputy commander of the armed forces?

For Saudi Arabia, the agreement is the best possible option right now, since it allows Riyadh to regain, as a consequence of a negotiated truce, the direct military control of areas and critical infrastructures (as the port and the airport of Aden) where the Emirati-backed forces of the STC had clear military superiority: for this reason, Riyadh bet on diplomacy this time.

Although loosing (apparently) in influence, Abu Dhabi has also several reasons to be satisfied with the Riyadh agreement. After having succeeded in establishing patronage alliances with Yemeni local forces, the UAE can now disengage publicly from an increasing unpopular war at international level, something which in the long-term weakens the Emirati “soft super power” image and its “tolerance” rhetoric.

In such a changing political landscape, United Nations Security Council resolution 2216 (passed in April 2015) seems, again, no longer apt to support diplomacy. In fact, the internationally-recognized government that, according to the resolution, had to be reinstated by the Saudi-led coalition, has changed skin to include also Southern secessionists.

Finally, the Riyadh agreement stresses the unity of Yemen in a federal framework to be strengthened through unified political and military ranks. But beyond the fight against the Huthis, Yemeni players’ goals remain different: unified state versus independent South – by Andrea Ardemagni

My remark: More on this deal, cp6.

(** B P)

A Strong Central State: A Prerequisite for Effective Local Governance in Yemen

Local governance has been viewed by academics, analysts and some political leaders in Yemen as a panacea to redress the excessive control of the central government, bring the state closer to its citizens and provide those citizens with socio-economic and political stability. Federalism, as a form of local governance, was adopted at the end of the National Dialogue Conference in 2013-2014, although there were disagreements over the number of regions and the federal map. It was posited as a viable vehicle for power-sharing and decentralization in Yemen and is considered a likely outcome after the conflict. However, there are several prerequisites for the effective devolution of power that are not yet in place in Yemen, most prominently the existence of strong consolidated central institutions. In short: it is a mistake to view federalism as a means of achieving stability, rather than a future goal once stability has been achieved.

How failure to decentralize contributed to fragmentation
Prior to the current conflict, power and resources in Yemen were consolidated at the central level by a group of political, social, tribal and military elites.

After experiencing five years of conflict and multiple coups, Yemen’s central state is weak and fragmented. The country is divided between two governments: an internationally recognized government led by President Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi, which is based in Riyadh, and a de facto government run by Houthi militias from the country’s capital, Sana’a. Both competing authorities have failed to provide basic services to citizens.

Failures and successes in Yemeni government’s local relations during conflict

After partially taking control of the city, the STC succeeded at neither delivering public services itself nor managing the work of local authorities in Aden to do so. Instead, the secessionist group focused on hindering Yemeni government efforts to deliver these services.

Within the territory still nominally controlled by the internationally recognized government, some governorates have successfully assumed additional responsibilities as the government’s capacity has weakened. Local authorities in Marib and Hadramawt, both relatively rich in natural resources, have coordinated with the central government to devolve power.

Prerequisites for federalism
Achieving federalism requires more than political will. It demands mutual understandings between the central government and local authorities, through a process that allows all sides to mitigate concerns about dominance or manipulation of resources and political power. The process of decentralization must create channels of cooperation between regions to negotiate the devolution of powers peacefully. To orchestrate this it is critical that Yemen has a strong central state apparatus to arbitrate disputes and ensure that it acts as a guarantor of certain key principles, such as maintaining the sovereignty of the state, managing central institutions including foreign affairs and defence, ensuring equitable distribution of resources and ensuring that some provinces do not secede completely, among others.

Among many Yemeni politicians and intellectuals, federalism is still viewed as the optimal form of governance in a post-conflict context to enhance local governance, respond to the demands of various political groups, and remedy the fragmentation that is currently rife in the country. However, instituting a federal system requires political and social stability, as well as solid institutions, functioning financial systems, legislature and judicial bodies, and the willingness of all local parties to adopt a mindset to engage in good faith with a new governance model. Most importantly, various grievances that would impede the process must have been addressed, notably the southern demands for more autonomy and for some, outright independenc

The weak state: the biggest challenge to decentralization

Today, Yemen’s weak state and government are the primary obstacles to the country’s transformation to a federal system or any other form of empowered local governance. Thus, a move to federalism is not a realistic prospect in Yemen at present, and the prerequisites for this form of decentralization are unlikely to be in place quickly in a post-conflict scenario. At this stage, the priority should be rebuilding and strengthening central state institutions; seeking to enforce or prioritize federalism as an outcome would be counterproductive and only lead to further fragmentation.

Instead, open discussions on multiple potential forms of decentralization and power-sharing should be held to allow creative and practical solutions to emerge – by Osamah Al-Rawhani

(** B H)

Garbage crisis brings cholera to Yemen's historic Taez

Mounds of stinking garbage line the streets of Yemen's historic city of Taez, once renowned as one of the most beautiful places in the country, but now torn apart by war.

The city in the highlands of southwestern Yemen has become a breeding ground for mosquitos as well as deadly outbreaks of diseases like cholera, as decaying refuse leaches into waterways.

While Taez is controlled by pro-government forces, it is under siege from the Huthis who control the mountains that surround the city, from where they have launched repeated bombardments.

While all of Yemen has suffered from the war, Taez is particularly hard-hit. Barely any schools are able to function, fresh water is scarce, and it is difficult to bring in supplies including essentials like food.

Trapped within the city limits, Taez's more than 600,000 people are suffering as garbage mounts up, choking roads and canals.

Mounds of brightly coloured plastic, old tyres, boxes and shredded plastic lie in smouldering piles or heaped in dumpsters -- a far cry from the days as far back as medieval times when Taez was lauded for its beauty and scale.

Cholera, which can kill within hours if left untreated, reappeared in Yemen in April after an initial outbreak in October 2016.

The World Health Organization said that 304 people died of the disease between April 2017 and August 2019 in Taez, with cases fluctuating from week to week.

Staff at the shabby and ill-equipped hospitals that are still functional amid the continued violence are at their wits' end, unable to cope with the rising number of patients.

Mohammed Mkharesh, deputy director of the general hospital, said the accumulation of garbage on the streets of Taez and other nearby cities has had a direct impact on people's health.

"This is paving the way for cholera, dengue and malaria," he told AFP, adding that hospitals are "under pressure with the increase of cases and lack of resources".

(** B P)

Human Rights Watch: Saudi Arabia: Change Comes with Punishing Cost

Arrests, Torture, Murder Accompany Reforms

Important social reforms enacted under Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman have been accompanied by deepening repression and abusive practices meant to silence dissidents and critics, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today.

The 62-page report, “‘The High Cost of Change’: Repression Under Saudi Crown Prince Tarnishes Reforms,” documents ongoing arbitrary and abusive practices by Saudi authorities targeting dissidents and activists since mid-2017 and total lack of accountability for those responsible for abuses. Human Rights Watch found that despite landmark reforms for Saudi women and youth, ongoing abuses demonstrate that the rule of law in Saudi Arabia remains weak and can be undermined at will by the country’s political leadership.

“Mohammed bin Salman has created an entertainment sector and allowed women to travel and drive, but Saudi authorities have also locked away many of the country’s leading reformist thinkers and activists on his watch, some of whom called for these very changes,” said Michael Page, deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. “A truly reforming Saudi Arabia would not subject its leading activists to harassment, detention, and mistreatment.”

The report is based on interviews with Saudi activists and dissidents since 2017, government statements, and court documents, as well as exhaustive reviews of Saudi local media outlets and social media.

Behind the glamor and pomp and the advancements for Saudi women and youth, however, lay a darker reality, as the Saudi authorities moved to sideline anyone who could stand in the way of Mohammed bin Salman’s political ascension. In the summer of 2017, around the time of his promotion to crown prince, authorities quietly reorganized the country’s prosecution service and security apparatus, the primary tools of Saudi repression, and placed them directly under the royal court’s oversight.

The authorities then began a series of arrest campaigns. They targeted prominent clerics, public intellectuals, academics, and human rights activists in September 2017, leading businesspeople and royal family members accused of corruption in November 2017, and the country’s most prominent women’s rights advocates beginning in May 2018. The arrest waves were often accompanied by defamation and slander of those arrested in the country’s pro-government media.

Detaining citizens for peaceful criticism of the government’s policies or human rights advocacy is not new in Saudi Arabia, but what has made the post-2017 arrest waves notable is the sheer number and range of people targeted over a short period, and new repressive practices.

These include holding people at unofficial detention sites, such as so-called corruption detainees held at the five-star Ritz-Carlton hotel in Riyadh from late 2017 into early 2018, and the prominent women’s rights activists held at what they described as a “hotel” or “guesthouse” during the summer of 2018. Allegations have emerged of rampant torture and mistreatment at those sites.

Abusive practices also have included long-term arbitrary detention – two years in some cases – without charge, trial, or any clear legal process. Some of the so-called corruption detainees arrested in late 2017 remain in detention without charge or trial, including Turki bin Abdullah, the son of the late King Abdullah and former governor of Riyadh, and Adel al-Fakih, a former government minister.

The authorities also targeted family members of prominent Saudi dissidents and activists, including imposing arbitrary travel bans. Omar Abdulaziz, a Canada-based Saudi dissident, said that Saudi authorities detained his two brothers in August 2018 to silence his online activism.

Other abusive practices have included extorting financial assets in exchange for releasing detainees, outside of any legal process, and seeking the death penalty for acts that do not resemble recognizable crimes.

The repressive side of the crown prince’s domestic record, however, was not given the international scrutiny it deserved until October 2018, when the violent murder of Jamal Khashoggi

“It’s not real reform in Saudi Arabia if it takes place in a dystopia where rights activists are imprisoned and freedom of expression exists just for those who publicly malign them,” Page said.

and full report:

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Seuchen / Most important: Epidemics

Siehe / Look at cp1

(* B H)

25 die of cholera epidemic in southern Yemen's Lahj

Around 25 people died of cholera epidemic and acute watery diarrhea in Yemen's southern port city of Lahj during the past two months, a medical source said on Saturday.

The source of Lahj's Health Department said on condition of anonymity that "there is an increase in the death cases in Lahj as a result of cholera and acute watery diarrhea in recent months."

He said that the emergency statistics at the Health Department of Lahj indicated that nearly 4,500 people are affected with cholera according to medical tests. =

(* B H)

Health office manager, Abdul Qader Bajamil, said Zanzibar hospital is in shortage of essential supplies and medicine. It has received 600 suspected cases of #cholera since the beginning of October.

cp1b Am wichtigsten: Kampf um Hodeidah / Most important: Hodeidah battle

(A K pS)

The child Anas Abdul Karim was killed and his father and brother were injured in the explosion of a device in Tehtya district, south of #Hodeida province. (photo)

(A K pH)

In Hodeidah, two women were injured with artillery shells launched by US-Saudi mercenaries in At-tohayta district. The mercenaries targeted southern and western Attohayta district with machineguns.

and also

(A K pH)

In Hodeidah, two infiltration attempts carried out by Saudi-led mercenaries towards Tuhytah district were foiled by the army and Popular Committees. The mercenaries also launched at least nine artillery shells on the same district.

Moreover, two military bulldozers of the aggression forces have created combat fortifications in thr Kilo 16 and al-Faza areas of Tuhytah district, and mercenaries havr targeted several areas in Hays district using heavy machine guns.

(A K pS)

Yemen`s Gov.t forces: UN team sympathetic to the Houthis

The joint forces loyal to the Yemen`s internationally recognized government, which is in charge of the West Coast battles, accused the UN envoy to Yemen and the head of the Hodeida Agreement support mission of "tolerating and condoning" the Houthis' violations.

The spokesman of the joint forces, Colonel Waddah Al-Dobeish, threatened to cancel all the checkpoints recently deployed in the city of Hodeidah, because of continuing violations by the Houthis.

Earlier, al-Dobish accused the Houthi group of digging 19 trenches, a few meters from ceasefire observation points north of Hodeida.

The Joint Forces spokesman said that the Government team in the Redeployment Coordination Committee informed the head of the United Nations Mission in Support of the Hodeida Agreement of Indian General Abhijit Guha, who is currently in Sana'a, of these innovations and violations, but he did nothing.

It was considered that the silence of the UN team and its chairman is a "legitimization" of these actions and a flagrant bias.

My comment: This sounds like bullshit. The UN is labeled “biased” as soon it does not fully agree to the Hadi government’s claims.

(A K pH)


(A K pS)

Al-Houthi militia Continues Violating Ceasefire Agreement in 3 Directorates in Hodeidah

(A K pS)

Film: A boy was wounded by snipers of Houthi militias in Tahta south of Hodeidah =

(A K pS)

Yemen's Houthi rebels jeopardise Hodeidah ceasefire by fortifying positions

Government forces say rebels are digging defensive trenches around areas under their control in port city

Yemeni government forces say Houthi rebels have started digging defensive trenches in Hodeidah, threatening recent progress on implementing a UN-brokered ceasefire and troop withdrawal in the port city.

But the rebels soon started fortifying their positions by digging 19 trenches in areas under their control in the city centre, a spokesman for the government’s Joint Forces in Hodeidah told The National.

“The new channels were dug a few days after the UN put the local monitors in place to observe any new violations,” Colonel Wathah Al Dubaish said.

These include trenches around the Hodeidah University Faculty of Engineering, the Al Khameri roundabout and around the Thabet Brothers compound, he said.

“Such escalation poses a serious threat to the progress made by the UN to strengthen the ceasefire,” Col Al Dubaish said.

Complaints to the UN observer mission in Hodeidah and to Mr Griffiths have not had any effect.

and also



(* A K)

2 children killed, 3 injured in landmine blast in Yemen's Hodeidah

Two Yemeni children were killed and three others injured during a landmine explosion in the country's Red Sea port city of Hodeidah on Sunday, a local military official told Xinhua.

"A landmine previously planted by the Houthi rebels exploded and struck a civilian vehicle in the district of Tuhyata in Hodeidah, leaving two children killed and three others injured," the official said on condition of anonymity.

The explosion hit the civilians' vehicle when they were driving back to their houses through a deserted road, he added.

and Film, quoting only 1 killed and 2 injured children:

killing the child Anas Abdul-Karim, 7 years old, and his brother Abdul-Mawla Abdul-Karim, 4, was seriously injured.

another film:

(A K pH)

In al-Hodeidah province, invaders fired guided missiles on the al-Faza area of Tuhita district.

(A K pS)

Houthis continue to breach UN-brokered truce in Hodeidah

(A K pS)

[Hadi gov.] National army clears Houthi minefield in Hodiedah

The National army forces dismantled minefield planted by the Iran-backed Houthi rebel militia in the south of Hodeida province on Saturday.


(A P)

Film: The engineering teams of the joint forces dismantled Houthi minefield in the scene of the scene

My comment: As the film shows, it’s militia and no “national army”.

cp2 Allgemein / General

(* A K P)

Interactive Map of Yemen War

(* A K)



(A P)

Mohamed bin Zayed, Mohammed bin Salman review Yemen's latest developments

His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces, and Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdul Aziz, Saudi Crown Prince, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defence, deliberated the prospects for consolidating the brotherly relations between the two countries across all fronts in addition to reviewing the latest developments in Yemen, and ways of ensuring providing all possible support for the Yemeni people to realise their hopes for development and peace.

The two leaders reviewed the latest developments in the Gulf region, in particular, and the Middle East, in general, as well as exchanged views over a series of regional and international issues of common interest.

(* B K P)

Partition: The Only Solution to End Yemen’s Crisis

Under such circumstances, a logical option would be the division of Yemen into two parts. This has historical precedent, as modern Yemen has only existed as a contiguous state from 1990 onwards. Before that Yemen had always been separated into North and South.

The statehood of the south, however, remained dubious for two basic reasons.

The first lies in the demographic reality of the area. Though the south consists of roughly 70 percent of united Yemen’s territory, its sparse population meant it remained under the rule of tribal authorities, without any central power managing to establish control.

Further evidence supporting the notion of dividing Yemen is the political dissensus shortly after unification in 1990.

Thus, since its unification, Yemen has been unable to foster a pluralistic society, with differences prevailing over unified nationalism.

Partition, then, remains the only option which could guarantee peace and secure the interests of every actor involved in the conflict. Domestically, the Houthis cannot advance beyond the north as they would face vociferous opposition in the south due to sectarian tensions. Likewise, as the magnitude of Houthi power in North has increased, Hadi’s government is unlikely to be able to seize control there, and even in the event they regained the territory, the Houthi rebellion would persist. By granting Houthis control over Northern Yemen and leaving Southern Yemen to a coalition of Hadi’s government and the STC, not only would the prospect of peace be ensured but the fight against al-Qaeda would also be more effective.

Ideologically, the Houthis are opposed to extremist factions like al-Qaeda and ISIS. Similarly, due to its secular character, the STC is also averse to such dogmatic groups. Hadi’s government does includes some Islamist factions like the Islah Party, though any collaboration with al-Qaeda is highly improbable. Also, Hadi faces a delicate situation due to the absence of any effective capital as Saana and Aden are governed by the Houthis and the STC respectively. Partition, in this sense, is also vital to curb out extremism in Yemen.

Finally, the geostrategic environment also encourages Yemen’s partition. The resolution of Yemen’s conflict would provide an opportunity for rapprochement between Iran and Saudi Arabia, thus minimising regional instability. Also, as North Yemen would be endorsed by the international community as a separate state under Houthi rule, diplomatic contacts between Saudi Arabia and the Houthis could be initiated. This would have two positive outcomes. One is the protection of the Saudi border, and high-profile installations like airports and oil refineries, from Houthi attacks. The second is the permanent halt of Saudi airstrikes, which have killed thousands. Also, the blockade would be removed and international aid would soon follow. Thus, both domestically and regionally, the partition of Yemen could prove to be the key step towards peace in an otherwise volatile region – by Fraz Naqvi

My comment: Ideas like this one are proposed from time to time. Many Yemenis would disagree. A way of a fair federal state (not the one Hadi wanted in 2013 and still insists on) might be a better solution.

(* B H K P)

Film by Press TV Iran: The Debate - Human cost of Saudi war on Yemen

A new report by an independent, non-governmental organization sheds some light on the fallout from the Saudi Arabia’s war on Yemen. The Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project or ACLED finds that the Saudi coalition is responsible for a large majority of civilian casualties through its indiscriminate bombing campaign. It says that the Saudi-led coalition and its allies are responsible for more than 8,000 deaths resulting from the direct targeting of civilians since 2015, and the coalition airstrikes caused around 67% of all reported civilian deaths. There are some other sources that put the toll at much higher figures. The carnage is taking place as some Western countries, including the US, continue arming the Saudi coalition. who’s responsible for all human and material losses in Yemen? what’s the way out?

(* B K P)

Deaths in Yemen, Afghanistan

The shocking point is that no visible effort has been made by any quarter to stem the tide of bloodshed in both countries. In Yemen, internal strife has worsened with cracks in the pro-Riyadh coalition, while Iran-supported Houthis are also not ready to restore peace. The stalemate is likely to continue given Saudi Arabia’s unmatched buying power of firearms. In Afghanistan, where the US is in a hurry to pull its troops out and buy a calm retreat, it has engaged Taliban militants in dialogue. Yet despite a year of talking, the militants have not ceased their obsession with targeting helpless civilians.

After five years of war in Yemen, and three decades in Afghanistan, one can conclude that it is easier to start a war than to end it. The world, at least, must no longer be a silent bystander.

(B P)

Film: On the #InternationalDayToEndImpunity for crimes against journalists, we remember those who were killed, arbitrarily detained, and enforced disappeared in #Yemen

(B K)


The French-language newspaper “Luton” reported that Yemen today for Saudi Arabia became as to be the United States for Vietnam.

The newspaper said in an article entitled “Yemen .. Vietnam Saudi Arabia” that the Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has not been able to achieve any achievement only “resounding failures” militarily and politically, and crimes against civilians.

(B K P)

Jordanian Analyst: Golden Era of Bin Zayed, Bin Salman Ties Over

The intimate ties between the Abu Dhabi and Riyadh de facto rulers are growing dark over the Yemen war and the golden era of their unity is ending, a prominent Jordanian analyst said.

Farah Marqah wrote in the Arabic-language Rai al-Youm newspaper that reports on withdrawal of thousands of Sudanese military men from Yemen and the UAE forces' pull-out from Aden indicates collapse of the Arab coalition, led by Saudi Arabia.

"Generally, the new incidents in Yemen show the end of unity between bin Zayed and bin Salman, specially considering the fact that the UAE has changed its positions towards Iran and sent delegations to Tehran to improve relations with the Iranians," he added.

According to Rai al-Youm, many other analysts believe that the crisis is much deeper today than the collapse of unity between the two Arab crown princes, noting that events are pointing at the collapse of stronger coalitions in the Arab world, including the coalition against Qatar.

In similar remarks on Sunday, another prominent analyst said that withdrawal of 10,000 Sudanese forces from Yemen indicates the collapse of the Saudi-US coalition.

(B K P)

Analyst Underlines Collapse of Saudi-Led Coalition against Yemen

Omar Ayasrah told the Arabic-language al-Jazeera news website that the Saudi-led coalition was formed under the pretext of returning legitimacy to fugitive Yemeni President Mansour Hadi but facts changed on the ground and now the coalition is attempting to replace Hadi's government with the coup launchers.

He referred to Saudi Arabia's failure in protecting its Southern borders against the Yemenis' attacks, and said the Yemeni army and popular forces succeeded in sending their drones to the heart of Saudi Arabia, humiliating the country and forcing Riyadh to accept the principle of talks with the Yemenis and finding political solutions.

(* B P)

From May 2016: Sectarianism and the New Shiism

Civil wars in Yemen, Syria, and Iraq have largely reinforced the perception of an intractable Sunni-Shia conflict. In this outlook, religious heritage becomes the singular lens through which political identity and strife in the region are interpreted. The sectarian framework has been reinforced at all levels of discourse in the United States.

The foundational moment for the current regional situation was the Islamic revolution of 1979 in Iran, in which an initially broad coalition rallied behind the Shia religious leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini to overthrow the repressive and Western-supported Pahlavi dynasty. The rise of a populist Shia regime in Iran incited concerns throughout the region.

Over the past decade, this ongoing geopolitical jockeying for influence between the two primary regional powers has led to the politicization of sectarian identities. Religious orientations that were previously considered heterodox or outside of the mainstream—most notably the Alawites in Syria and Zaydis in Yemen—have been folded into the Iranian camp, and for political purposes lumped with Iran and Iraq’s Twelver Shia establishment.

Yemen and the Houthis

The Houthis are part of a revival of Zaydism, an Islamic sect that ruled independently in Yemen for nearly a thousand years prior to the overthrow of the imamate in the 1960s. Sometimes called “Fiver Shia” (because they recognize only the first five Imams instead of the full twelve), the Zaydis by extrapolation do not accept the

Wali Al-Faqih (Guardianship of the Jurist) as developed by Ayatollah Khomeini in Iran. Twelver Shia havenever considered the Houthis as an authentic part of the Shia religious fold.

However, that is not how Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states have understood the Houthi rebellion. As the Yemeni conflict escalated and the Saudi-supported regime of President Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi threatened to crumble, the insurgency was increasingly painted by Saudi Arabia as an extension of Iranian influence.

For many political leaders and international commentators, the civil war in Yemen became another paradigmatic example of Sunni-Shia conflict, with the particularities of the Zaydi religion erased and sectarianism standing in place of broader geopolitical tensions. The Saudi regime has even claimed that Iranian advisors and Hezbollah operatives are involved in Yemen, training the Houthis in guerilla warfare and helping them carry out operations.

The affinity between the Houthi rebels and the Iranian regime may have some basis in reality, as the group’s founding ideology is quite sympathetic to Khomeini’s revolutionary agenda. However, it would be wrong to overstate Iran’s interest in Yemen, and particularly, to characterize this interest strictly as a sectarian religious affiliation, rather than the more complex nexus of ideology and geopolitical aspiration that it actually is. By characterizing the Zaydis as Shia, commentators again substitute simplistic sectarian demarcations for the reality of multi-faceted political conflicts.

A New Cold War

Alongside the Arab uprisings and various international interventions of the past few decades, the “new Arab cold war” between Saudi Arabia and Iran is the primary engine of sectarianism in the region, as each of these rivals seeks to project its influence – by Rola El-Husseini =

cp2a Saudische Blockade / Saudi blockade

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Saudi-led coalition using blockade as a bartering tool for negotiation

Ansarullah official condemns extortion attempt by invaders

An official in Ansarullah has revealed extortion attempts carried out by the Saudi-led coalition to get political gains and to press for a political settlement beneficial to the Saudi-led invaders.

In a tweet on Sunday night Abdul Malik al-Ajri described the coalition’s use of the blockade as a tool for bartering and lobbying for political gain as a “war crime.”

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Yemen's Ports Make Revenues Worth $43M in 4 Months

Yemeni legitimate government’s Economic Committee (EC) revealed Monday that port revenues have amounted to $43 million in four months, since the implementation of the government decision, 49.
The decision provides for the collection of tax and customs revenues on oil shipments to pay salaries for employees. It has been met with Houthi intransigence before being ratified.
In an official statement, the Committee explained that the total revenues from Yemeni ports amounted to 24.6 billion Yemeni riyals as preliminary results since the implementation of the government decision late June.
It added that about $15 million, equivalent to nine billion riyals of the total revenue, is reserved in a special account in the Central Bank in Hodeidah, based on a previous initiative that was overlooked by the United Nations.

My comment: How the Saudis and their Yemeni puppet government try to justify the blockade of oil shipments to Hodeidah.

[Sanaa gov.] Health Minister Calls for Implementation of Air Medical Bridge To Save Thousands of Patients

Minister of Health Dr. Taha Al-Mutawakil called on the United Nations to speed up the implementation of the Air Medical Bridge to transport critical medical conditions for treatment abroad. Al-Mutawakil told Al-Masirah TV that tens of thousands of patients are suffering because of the lack of potential in the country, and there are at least 30 thousand patients annually need treatment outside Yemen.

He said that "there are many agreements with the United Nations for the transfer of critical cases and in the last minut the US-Saudi aggression prevents the arrival of aircrafts to the airport in Sana'a."

He pointed to a number of patients who were to be transferred within the Air Medical Bridge from the first batch died as a result of the aggression prevented transfer to receive treatment.

He added that a number of these patients are now in some hotels in the capital and are waiting to travel, yesterday there were understandings with the United Nations to transport them and we hope that they will.

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Yemeni patients still dying to due Saudi airport blockade

Moreover, the coordinator of the High Medical Committee of the Air Medical Bridge, Yahya al-Hamdani, said to al-Masirah TV Channel m that more than 20 patients who were to be transported via the air medical bridge have died as a result of the ban on their travel.

He added: “We are surprised every day by the contact of the families of patients and their confirmation of the death of patients, while the countries of aggression prevent for the sixth time flights of critical cases from Sana’a airport, the last of which was 20 days ago.”

For his part, Director General of Sana’a International Airport Khaled Al-Shayef said: “The average flight of the United Nations, the Red Cross and Médecins Sans Frontières at Sana’a airport is three flights per day, equivalent to 1,300 flights per year.”

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

Siehe / Look at cp1

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Yemen: Going behind the front lines of a hidden war

That conflict has decimated the country’s health system, now ill equipped to treat the growing numbers of war-wounded patients and others with urgent medical needs. Which brings us to the other war underway to fight drug-resistant bacteria.

More than 60 percent of patients admitted to the Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) hospital in the Yemeni port city of Aden suffer from antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ABR). These infections require complex diagnostics and prolonged treatment, further straining an already battered health system.

When our teams in Yemen saw patients who weren't improving from standard antibiotic treatments, they changed their protocols and set up a microbiology lab to begin testing for ABR. At first, results were sent to MSF experts outside Yemen for interpretation and diagnosis. Proper diagnoses enable responsible use of the correct antibiotics—and more effective treatment.

Within two years, the microbiology and antibiotic stewardship programs in Yemen, now completely run by Yemeni staff, are among MSF’s most advanced in the world. The project in Aden has shown that the processes and protocols needed to combat the spread of ABR can be successfully implemented in even the most unstable conditions. But the fight is far from over, and urgent action is still needed to halt the public health crisis of antibiotic resistance on the front lines of war and beyond (photos)

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IOM: 19.7m Yemenis lack basic health services

The United Nations’ International Organisation for Migration (IOM) said yesterday that 19.7 million people in Yemen lack basic health services.

The IOM office in Yemen said on Twitter that its health team last week conducted about 24,500 medical consultations for men, women and children in Yemen in cooperation with the Japanese government and other partners.

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Film: Ali is one of those innocent kids who fell victim to mines laid by Houthis in #Yemen.

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Film: Notfallhelferin: Unterwegs im Jemen =

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UN Children's Fund, WASH Cluster: Yemen WASH Cluster Emergency Preparedness Snapshot 2019

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UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: Yemen Humanitarian Update Covering 29 August - 27 October 2019

September was the deadliest month for civilians in Yemen

The humanitarian operation reached millions more than in 2018

The Yemen Humanitarian Fund supports programmes at risk of shutting down

Access restrictions prevent humanitarians from reaching people in need

Fuel shortages impact the water and sanitation sector

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Wasserkioske gegen die Armut

Verschmutztes Trinkwasser ist für viele Menschen noch immer eine Alltäglichkeit. Boreal Light versorgt mit solarbetriebenen Entsalzungsanlagen wirtschaftlich benachteiligte Länder mit sauberem Wasser. Mit Erfolg: Sie sind Bundes- und Publikumssieger des diesjährigen KfW Awards Gründen.

“Wasser ist existenziell und nicht ersetzbar”, betont Ali Al-Hakim. “Mit den Wasserkiosken ermöglichen wir das, was Länder wie Afrika alleine nicht stemmen können”. Dafür baut das Berliner Start-up Boreal Light 15 Quadratmeter große Betonhütten mit befestigten Solaranlagen auf dem Dach.

Im Inneren des sogenannten Wasserkiosks ist eine Maschine, die mit Solarplatten angetrieben wird. Die Solarpanel sorgen dafür, dass sich die Pumpen bewegen und verschmutztes Wasser aus Brunnen oder dem Meer gefiltert wird. Im „Winture Cube“ wird das Wasser entsalzt und zu Trinkwasserqualität gesäubert, sodass es für die Menschen in Ländern wie Somalia und Kenia genießbar ist. Das übrige Salzwasser wird für Sanitäranlagen wie Duschen und Toiletten genutzt.

“In Europa gibt es vereinzelt ähnliche Systeme, nur sind sie für Länder wie Somalia und Jemen viel zu teuer”, erklärt Ali Al-Hakim, der mit Hamed Beheshti diese selbstpatentierte Lösung fand.

Die Wasser- und Sauerstoffpumpen des Wasserkiosks lassen sich in vielseitigen Bereichen einsetzen. Neben Trinkwasser bietet Boreal Light vor Ort auch Strom, besondere Wasseranlagen für die Agrarwirtschaft, Sauerstoffpumpen für Fischzucht und Vertical Farming.

Das Durchhaltevermögen hat sich für Boreal Light gelohnt. Heute hat das Unternehmen bereits 15 Wasserkioske in drei Ländern installiert. 12 in Kenia, zwei in Somalia und eines in Jemen.


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Film: Displaced School Teachers Await Long-Unpaid Salaries

Muthana Ahmed, a displaced teacher, works without salary in schools for over two years in Taiz.

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Thread: Almost one-third of Yemenis do not have enough food to satisfy basic nutritional needs. A video of an elderly mother in our distribution of food baskets two days ago 31Act 2019 For feed more families Please #Donate via link… (films, photos)

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Infographic: The disastrous humanitarian crisis in #Yemen is a direct result of the ongoing conflict. The number of people in need of humanitarian assistance and protection has almost doubled since the start of the conflict in 2015.

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

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Film (in Arabic): tragedies of the displaced Hodeida

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Photo: Yemeni community in Somaliland enjoy security, security, stability and a great welcome by the people of Somaliland The Yemenis have returned to participate in the development and prosperity of the country.

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UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Shelter Cluster: Republic of Yemen: Shelter/NFIs Fact Sheet, September 2019

The fighting escalated in Aden resulted in immediate access constraints for the affected population as well as for humanitarian actors.

Since mid-September 2019, Yemen is facing acute fuel shortages.

As part of the Cluster efforts on addressing persisting needs during the third quarter of 2019, 264,000 people has been assisted with essential NFI kits, 32,000 assisted with Emergency Shelter Kits, 2,800 living in damaged houses supported with rehabilitation cash grant, 75,000 assisted with cash assistance for rental subsidies, 2,100 people supported with cash assistance to reconstruct their damaged and 3800 people assisted with the construction or rehabilitation of transitional shelters.

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UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Shelter Cluster: Yemen: Shelter Cluster Dashboard - September 2019

and also

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Film (Arabic): The number of displaced families in Abyan governorate has risen to more than 8,000 since the beginning of the war

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UN High Commissioner for Refugees: Somalia Situation: Population of Concern to UNHCR as of 30 September 2019

As of September 2019, Somalia was host to 35,523 registered refugees and asylum seekers, mainly from Ethiopia and Yemen.

Over 90,000 Somali refugees have voluntarily returned to Somalia since December 2014 with UNHCR assistance from different countries of asylum including Kenya, Yemen, Djibouti,
Libya, Tunisia and Eritrea. In addition, some 38,000 Somalis were monitored as arriving from Yemen since March 2015.

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UN High Commissioner for Refugees: Registered Persons of Concern Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Jordan (excluding SYR and IRQ) (31 October 2019)

From Yemen: 14,746.

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Film: Missing Ethiopian migrants being trafficked through Yemen

Despite the ongoing war and humanitarian situation in Yemen, aid agencies warn that human traffickers are increasingly using the country as a route to traffic African migrants to Gulf countries. IOM says almost 90,000 east Africans, 90 percent of them Ethiopians, have arrived in Yemen since April.

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Film: A family of seven members fled their home in al-Hodeida city to Marib city on their only piece of property, a motorcycle, escaping from the war and searching for a safe place to live.

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Film: Jemen: Äthiopier auf der Flucht

Viele Menschen aus Äthiopien wollen ihr Heimatland verlassen, ihr Ziel: Saudi-Arabien. Dafür nehmen sie lebensgefährliche Reisen in Kauf. Eine Route führt durch den Jemen, wo sie großer Gewalt ausgesetzt sind. Denn in dem Land herrscht ein blutiger Bürgerkrieg. ARTE Journal hat äthiopische Migranten bei ihrer Ankunft begleitet.

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

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Film (Arabic): earthquake response from a member of the House of Representatives

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Minister of Industry calls on traders to take part in backing poor families

Minister of Industry and Trade Abdulwahab Yahya al-Durra called on the private sector and traders to participate in food convoy to support the Yemeni poor and needy families on the occasion of Prophet's birthday.

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Film: Prophet's Birthday Sporadic events in a number of provinces on the occasion of the anniversary of the birth of the Prophet

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Film: Sanaa wore joy on the occasion of the anniversary of the birth of the Prophet Muhammad

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Mass rally stages in Marib to mark Prophet's birthday

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Information Minister stresses importance of celebrating Prophet Birth anniversary

(A P)

Film: The celebration of the occasion of the anniversary of the birth of the Prophet in Hodeidah

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Film: Reception of the anniversary of the Prophet's birthday in Yemen

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Association of Abductees' Mothers has appealed for the lives of 3 abductees in the Central Prison in #Sana'a to be saved. They said in a statement that the 3 abductees suffer from autoimmune hepatitis and anemia, causing their health to deteriorate.

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In a speech during the Yemeni universities event on the occasion of the anniversary of the Prophet’s birthday, Sayyed Abdul Malik Badr al-din Al-Houthi stressed that the most dangerous thing for our young men and women at this stage is uncontrollability and emptiness, pointing out that if man does not live the meaning of true belonging to this Islam and adhere to the Koran and the strengthening of the Prophet will be a victim of soft war campaigns.

Sayyed al-Houthi added that our dear people made this date as an occasion to express their great loyalty to the Messenger of Allah and recognize the grace.

Sayyed al-Houthi pointed out that celebrating and showing joy on this occasion is an expression of appreciation for the grace of Allah.

Sayyed al-Houthi advised young people to face the danger of emptiness through strengthening their link with the Quran and the Prophet Mohammed PBUH.

Sayyed al-Houthi explained that the “soft war” is a misguided war aimed at keeping us away from our religious and Islamic identity. It is a war of thought and culture. It moves to target us through a lot of means and it has an educational and corrupt part.

He warned of it saying “soft war” targets human concepts and values, as well as human purification, morality, and chastity.

Sayyed al-Houthi stressed that as for the prevailing situation in human reality, it was ignorance and the result was that the human reality is filled with a terrible state of grievances and evil and the absence of morality.

and shorter:

and more:

My comment: A look at the Houthis’ conservative world view.

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Finance Ministry completes procedures to pay half salary of December 2017

Ministries of Finance and Civil Service on Saturday issued a circular to pay the first half of salary for December 2017 to all public service units staff that have not previously been paid.
The circular included the disbursement of the first half of the salary for December 2017 to all employees in the State administrative apparatus units, including civilians, military, security and retirees, as well as in the public and mixed sectors.

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NGO: Save lives of diseased detainees

The Abductees’ Mothers Association called on the international organization and the United Nations (UN) Special Envoy to Yemen to act urgently to save lives of the political detainees in the Houthis-run prisons.

A number of the detainees in the Houthis-run prisons have been suffering health deterioration due to lack of access to medical care, the organization said.

It said that three detainees were confirmed having liver and kidney diseases. Another detainee was also confirmed suffering angina and low hemoglobin (Hb), according to the organization.

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Houthis Persist in Looting Pharmacies, Medicine Distributors in Sanaa

The Iran-backed Houthi militias in Yemen have persisted in their looting and extortion of pharmacies and medicine distributors in Sanaa and other regions under their control.
In the past two months, the militias cracked down on pharmacies and medicine storage facilities in Sanaa, Dhamar and Omran under illegal pretexts.
In response, pharmacy and medicine storage owners recently staged a sit-in in Sanaa to protest against the Houthis’ criminal practices.
They revealed to Asharq Al-Awsat that the protest was prompted by the militias’ closure of more than 432 pharmacies in Sanaa for allegedly failing to meet certain Houthi “standards” and for committing “violations”. This was simply used an excuse for the Houthis to justify their crimes against the pharmaceutical sector.
Moreover, the pharmacists and owners revealed that the Houthis have recently demanded that they relinquish half of the profits they made from selling medicine in return for opening their stores.
The militias also forced, under the threat of violence, medicine importers to provide financial aid and medical convoys to treat Houthis who have been wounded on various battlefronts. =

My remark: To be read with caution, coming from Saudi propaganda (news) site.

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Films: Prophet's Birthday Invitation to commemorate the Birth of the Seal of Prophets

Massira Ceremonial events on the occasion of the anniversary of the Prophet's birthday from the capital Sana'a and its province

Prophet's Birthday: Taiz celebrates the anniversary of the birth of the Prophet's birthday

cp6 Südjemen und Hadi-Regierung / Southern Yemen and Hadi-government

Siehe / Look at cp1

(** B K P)

Regierung im Jemen und Separatisten schließen Abkommen

Nach monatelangen Kämpfen haben sich Jemens international anerkannte Regierung und die Separatisten im Süden geeinigt. Im saudischen Riad wurde vor laufenden Kameras ein Friedensabkommen unterzeichnet.

Jemens Präsident Abedrabbo Mansur Hadi, der derzeit im Exil in Saudi-Arabien lebt, und Separatisten-Chef Aidarus al-Subaidie nahmen an der Zeremonie zur Vertragsunterzeichnung in der Hauptstadt Saudi-Arabiens teil. Der saudische Kronzprinz Mohammed bin Salman sowie der Kronprinz der Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate, Scheich Mohammed bin Said Al Nahjan, waren ebenfalls anwesend.

Die Einigung zwischen den Unabhängigkeitskämpfern im Südjemen und Jemens international anerkannter Regierung sieht unter anderem vor, dass die Regierung wieder ihren Sitz in der Hafenstadt Aden nimmt und die Separatisten in die regulären Streitkräfte eingegliedert werden. Zudem sollen die Unabhängigkeitskämpfer mehrere Ministerien erhalten. Der UN-Sondergesandte für den Jemen, Martin Griffiths, begrüßte das sogenannte "Riad-Abkommen". Es sei ein wichtiger Schritt, um bei einer friedlichen Lösung des Jemen-Konflikts voranzuschreiten.

und auch:

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Yemen govt, Saudi-backed separatists sign power-sharing deal

Yemen's internationally recognised government signed a Saudi-brokered power-sharing deal with southern separatists Tuesday aimed at ending a conflict simmering within the country's civil war.

"This agreement will open a new period of stability in Yemen. The kingdom of Saudi Arabia stands with you," Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman said at a signing ceremony in Riyadh aired on state television.

The deal will reportedly see the secessionist Southern Transitional Council (STC) handed a number of ministries, and the government return to Aden, according to officials and reports in Saudi media.

The UN special envoy for Yemen, Martin Griffiths, congratulated the two sides on the deal which he said would propel efforts to end the wider civil war that has devastated the country.

"The signing of this agreement is an important step for our collective efforts to advance a peaceful settlement to the conflict in Yemen," he said in a statement.

"Listening to southern stakeholders is important to the political efforts to achieve peace in the country."

Both Yemen's President Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi and STC leader Aidarous al-Zoubeidi attended the ceremony.

Analysts said the deal prevented the violent disintegration of Yemen but that secessionist sentiment could resurface in the future.

"In the short term, the agreement will allow the coalition to stick together and focus their efforts on fighting the Huthis instead of each other," said Elisabeth Kendall, senior research fellow at Oxford University.

"In the long term, it simply kicks the can down the road on southern secession. Southern ambitions won't just go away. The question is, can they be temporarily reined in."

The mistrust between the allies has posed a headache for regional powerhouse Saudi Arabia, which remains focused on fighting the Huthis who are aligned with Riyadh's archfoe Iran.

Nevertheless, Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al-Nahyan tweeted a picture of himself and Prince Mohammed walking hand in hand with Hadi after Tuesday's ceremony.

and also

and by Saudi Press Agency: and and

Film: =

Comment: I am afraid we will sink deep into the details of the implementation mechanism of the peace deal signed today between the government and #STC. Absence of implantation mechanism timeline will be the next challenge. Security situation is likely to get worse.

Comment: So two things about the Riyadh agreement: 1) It assumes good faith by signatories 2) It assumes they both can make decisions without influence by their outside backers

Not to mention both signatories did not interact or negotiate with each other during the process of building the agreement. Just like the Stockholm agreement, this one was a result of outside pressure rather than a desire from parties to find common ground to end the conflict!

My comment: I think it will be little more than a piece of paper. The situation on the ground looks totally different.

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Elisabeth Kendall: Today's formal signing of #RiyadhAgreement reduces imminent risk of North-South war in #Yemen #STC leader is upbeat: -Marks new phase of cooperation with #Saudi coalition -Creates mechanism for regulating relationship with Hadi gov -Focuses efforts on combating Houthis & #Iran

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Yemen Makes Peace With Allied Separatists Amid Effort to End War

“If successful, the agreement solves two short-term problems,” Peter Salisbury, a senior Yemen analyst at the International Crisis Group, said earlier on Twitter. As well as preventing the emergence of a war within a war, the pact gives “more credibility to future government negotiating” with the Houthis.

However the agreement also “displays many of the hallmarks of past troubled political deals in Yemen” that could lead to its collapse, he said.

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Peace deal announced between Yemeni government, separatists

Catherine Shakdam, a former UN Security Council Yemen consultant, told Al Jazeera that Tuesday's agreement was "very significant".

"If anything, I think it will be a blueprint or a cornerstone for bringing peace to Yemen altogether," Shakdam said.

"It offers some degree of consensus, maybe not with all the actors involved in this war in Yemen, but at least some of them. And I think it will allow for a reason to return and it demonstrates to all actors that a peace can be brokered."

Mohdar al-Omari, a commander with the southern separatist militia, welcomed news of Tuesday's deal.

"We congratulate our southern people with the Riyadh agreement, which is the only solution to the current situation, and we send our congratulations to our military and political leadership for this great and historic occasion."

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Mohamed Bin Zayed, Prince Salman attend signing of deal between Yemen and STC

Sheikh Mohammed tweeted a picture of himself and Prince Mohammed walking hand in hand with Hadi after Tuesday's ceremony.

Sheikh Mohamed and Prince Salman deliberated the prospects for consolidating the brotherly relations between the two countries across all fronts in addition to reviewing the latest developments of the Yemen File, and ways of ensuring providing all possible support for the Yemeni people to realise their hopes for development and peace.

The two leaders reviewed the latest developments in the Gulf region, in particular, and the Middle East, in general, as well as exchanged views over a series of regional and international issues of common interest.

Sheikh Mohamed underscored the deeply rooted relations between the UAE and the Kingdom, which Abu Dhabi Crown Prince said are based on mutual respect and common destiny and shared vision.

He commended the significant role played by Saudi Arabia in promoting stability under which he termed as "exceptional circumstances" the region is going through.

My remark: By an UAE news site. And another article from the UAE:

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Yemeni government and the Southern Transitional Council sign power-sharing agreement

“Signing the agreement, which is the fruit of long and relentless efforts exerted by our brothers in Saudi Arabia and the UAE, will be a turning point in the battle against the Houthi militia and a new stage towards strengthening relations between the Arab Coalition and the STC,” according to Nizar Haitham, an STC spokesperson.

The UN special envoy for Yemen, Martin Griffiths, congratulated the two sides on the deal which he said would propel efforts to end the wider civil war that has devastated the country.

"The signing of this agreement is an important step for our collective efforts to advance a peaceful settlement to the conflict in Yemen," he said in a statement.

The Yemeni government welcomed the agreement.

The Riyadh agreement includes 50 per cent STC representation in the government, which is supposed to be formed afew days after the signing ceremony. It also establishes the STC as an official partner of the Arab Coalition and gives it an effective role within the tripartite monitoring committee, which will be in charge of overseeing the agreement.

“Under the deal, the Yemeni prime minister will return to Aden [from Saudi Arabia] to reactivate state institutions, and STC-allied forces will be placed under the government’s defence and interior ministries,” the source said.

“All army divisions will be withdrawn from the main cities within two weeks after signing the deal, while other security forces under the government will remain.”

Saleh Al Homaidi, a deputy in Yemen's Ministry of Information, said the agreement was a road map for Yemen’s future. “All the parties are winners with the agreement, and the only loser is the Houthis,” Mr Al Homaidi said.

Yemeni Minister of Information Moamar Al Eryani praised Saudi Arabia's role in reaching a deal.

And a lot of propaganda bullshit by Saudi Crown Prince:
(* A P)

Step toward a political solution: MBS

Yemen's internationally recognized legitimate government signed a Saudi-brokered power-sharing deal with Southern Transitional Council (STC) on Tuesday, aimed at ending a conflict simmering within the country's civil war.
"This agreement will open a new period of stability in Yemen. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia stands with you," Crown Prince Muhammad Bin Salman, deputy premier and defense minister, said at a signing ceremony in here. “It's a joyful day in Saudi Arabia as the two sides come together."
Crown Prince Muhammad stated that the accord is a step toward a political solution to end the Yemen War. "The Riyadh Agreement is a milestone towards a political solution to end the war in Yemen," he said after the deal had been signed.
"We are delighted to welcome you to your second country, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, on this joyful day. Every day the Yemenis get together is a day of joy for the Kingdom, that has been since the founding King Abdulaziz," Crown Prince said while according a warm welcome to all.
Crown Prince Muhammad specifically thanked Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed Bin Zayed for attending the ceremony and also his constant support during the Yemen crisis.
"I would like to thank Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed Bin Zayed and commend the great sacrifices made by the United Arab Emirates in the field of honor alongside our valiant soldiers and their comrades from other coalition member states," he said.
Praising the Yemeni people for their grit, Prince Muhammad said, "The Kingdom will always stand by the Yemenis, seeking Yemen's stability and prosperity, and is confident that the wisdom of its people would be able to withstand all challenges.
“Our main concern since the start of the Yemeni crisis has been to support the Yemeni people and respond to the calls of the legitimate government President Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi.”
Prince Muhammad added, that the Kingdom acted solely based on the principle of self-defense to prevent foreign interference.

(A P)

Shatara: Today's Agreement Between the Yemeni Government and the STC is a Political Victory for the Southern Cause

Member of the presidency of the Southern Transitional Council Lutfi Shatara said that the signing of the Jeddah Agreement today between the Yemeni Government and the STC is a political victory for the southern cause.
In a press statement, Shatara said, “The victory that the STC achieved is a victory for the southern people who sacrificed their sons and it is a reward for their struggle since the war from 1994 till today”.
Shatara Considers this agreement a declaration and a regional and international recognition of the STC which conveys the southern peoples’ cause.
He added that in reality, the agreement means that the International community recognizes that final solution to the southern issue was achieved by the people of the south, who sacrificed their sons before and after the 2015 war”.

and also

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I congratulate the Government of Yemen and the Southern Transitional Council on reaching an agreement on the way forward.

The signing of this agreement is an important step for our collective efforts to advance a peaceful settlement to the conflict in Yemen. Listening to southern stakeholders is important to the political efforts to achieve peace in the country.

I am grateful to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for mediating successfully this agreement and for their strenuous diplomatic efforts.

I hope that this agreement will strengthen stability in Aden and the surrounding governorates and improve the lives of the citizens.

(A P)

UAE welcomes Riyadh Agreement between Government of Yemen and Southern Transitional Council

The United Arab Emirates has welcomed the Riyadh Agreement, signed between the Government of Yemen and the Southern Transitional Council, and affirmed its support for all efforts that serve the interests of the brotherly Yemeni people and contribute to the stability and security of Yemen.

A statement by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation commended the wisdom of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud for playing an essential role in bringing various Yemeni parties to the negotiating table and reaching this critical agreement that strengthens the efforts of Yemeni stakeholders to confront the threats targeting Yemen.

The statement also expressed appreciation for the positive and constructive role played by the brotherly Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in Yemen, where the Kingdom represents a central pillar of security for Arab and Gulf states.

(A P)

Khalid bin Salman Hails Signing of Riyadh Agreement

(A P)

OIC Welcomes Riyadh Agreement and Praises Saudi Arabia's Role in Peacemaking in the Region

(A P)

‘Very good start!’: Trump signals support for Yemen power-sharing deal

Trump tweeted Tuesday afternoon that the plan marked a “very good start” on solving the crisis. “Please all work hard to get a final deal,” he added.

(A P)

Egypt says Riyadh agreement is step towards resolving Yemeni crisis

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Factbox: Saudi Arabia scores small Yemen win by averting new war front

Saudi Arabia claimed a small win in Yemen on Tuesday by sealing a deal between the Saudi-backed government and southern separatists to end a power struggle that had opened a new front in the multi-faceted war and risked further fragmenting Yemen.




Saudi Arabia now bears most of the burden in an unpopular war that it launched to prevent Shi’ite Iran from using the Houthis to build influence along its southern borders.

Emirati forces quit Aden last month, handing control to Saudi troops. Hadi’s government asked the UAE to stop supporting separatists. Abu Dhabi, which distrusts the Islah party, said his government was ineffective.

The UAE, which started pulling out of Yemen in June as Western allies pressed for an end to the war, said it would continue operations against militant groups like al Qaeda, among Yemen’s many destabilizing forces.

(A P)

HRH Crown Prince Meets with President of Yemen

HRH Crown Prince Meets with Head of the Transitional Council

(* B K P)

The fragile agreement between the Emirates and the Saudis on Yemen

However, the divergence of vision between the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia has not been consummated in a short period of time. For over two years, in fact, Abu Dhabi has been openly complaining about the unprejudiced relationship that the allied forces of Riyadh have on the ground with the formations of what was once the jihadist galaxy of al-Qaeda, as well as the proximity of the Yemeni president Rabbo Mansour Hadi all 'al-Islah, the local political formation of the Muslim Brotherhood, which the United Arab Emirates considers to be a terrorist formation and probably the worst existential threat to the continuity of the Gulf monarchies.

This conflict within the coalition has produced a double complex system of balances, on the one hand openly dominated by the conflict between separatist and unionist forces, and on the other based on the fragile continuity of the joint vision between the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia.

The political instability of southern Yemen and the prospects of the coalition

The Yemeni crisis has a complex nature, built on the sedimentation of ancient problems and never completely resolved.


A possible solution to the long Yemeni crisis, capable of composing both the conflicting interests within government forces, and those that divide the latter (and the Saudi-led military coalition) from the Houthi rebels seem to be envisaged - although still in an uncertain and somewhat unstable manner. in the north of the country.

The initiative of this negotiation phase is to be ascribed entirely to the United Arab Emirates, despite the apparent success of the Saudi diplomacy on a formal level. It was in fact thanks to the support of the Emirates to the southern secessionist forces of the STC that the governmental coalition chaired by President Hadi had to accept not only the prospect of a coalition government with the separatists but also and above all that of a truce with the northern Houthi rebels.

Truce which was silently sanctioned by the Saudis and which led to the establishment of a joint observation point near the strategic port of Hodeidah, on the Red Sea.

The United Arab Emirates, worn out by a war now unbearable and less and less inclined to support the vision of the Saudi crown prince Mohammad Bin Salman - main advocate of a war actually lost in the field and desperate for an honorable way out on the plan of the negotiation - they thus forced the hand using their military and political capacity among the separatist formations in the south of the country, obtaining the result of forcing Saudi Arabia to accept the terms of a comprehensive negotiation.

No less relevant, for the United Arab Emirates, the question connected with the Saudi tolerance of those formations that Abu Dhabi considers as jihadist and above all as existential threats to the continuity of the Persian Gulf monarchies - al Qaeda and the Muslim Brotherhood - which requires them to be banned as much from the government (despite al-Islah is in fact the second Yemeni party) as from the conduct of military operations – by Nicola Pedde

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From Chaos in Aden to Reconciliation in Riyadh

In overseeing a reconciliation agreement between the Yemeni government and the UAE-backed Southern Transitional Council (STC), Saudi Arabia has reached a pivotal moment in its intervention in Yemen.

In this report we review the sequence of events that transpired from the outbreak of clashes in Aden, to the expected signing of the agreement in Riyadh.

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Southern Yemeni journalist: STC “biggest loser” of Riyadh deal

Saleh al-Hanashi claims separatist movement lies to hide facts that Hadi has retaken control over most of the South

A southern journalist has on Monday ridiculed the UAE-backed Southern Transitional Council’s virtual victories in the Jeddah dialogue, saying that “it is the biggest loser, contrary to what the media reports about it.”

In a lengthy post on his Facebook page, journalist Saleh al-Hanashi explained how the Riyadh Agreement has pulled the rug out from under the STC, and that it no longer had any spheres of influence on the ground, except for Lahj province and parts of Abyan province.

As for the rest of the southern provinces, al-Hanashi said that they “have come under other administrations not associated with the transitional council, even if they were from south, as in the provinces of Hadhramaut and Mahrah,” referring that Shabwah province is controlled by Hadi’s government, as well as large parts of Abyan.

Aden, the center of STC power, “will have a special status and administration that is not under the authority of any of the parties to the conflict,” he added.

Al-Hanashi said that the Southern Transitional Council’s leadership insists on selling the illusion of control to its supporters, by talking about alleged victories.

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Yemen power-sharing agreement to be signed in Riyadh

It will be signed by Saudi Arabia, the UAE, the Yemeni government and the Southern Transitional Council

The Yemeni government and the Southern Transitional Council will sign a power-sharing deal on Tuesday in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, an STC spokesman said.

The agreement will be signed in the presence of Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohamed bin Zayed, Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces, Yemeni President Abdrabu Mansur Hadi and Gen Aidrous Al Zoubaidi, the leader of the Southern Transitional Council, Nizar Haitham told The National.

“Signing the agreement, which is the fruit of long and relentless efforts exerted by our brothers in Saudi Arabia and the UAE, will be a turning point in the battle against the Houthi militia and a new stage towards strengthening relations between the Arab Coalition and the STC,” Mr Haitham said

A source in the STC said that the signing ceremony will be attended by the United Nations special envoy to Yemen, Martin Griffiths, and various ambassadors.

The Yemeni government welcomed the agreement.

(* A P)

President Hadi: Riyadh Agreement to be formally signed on Tuesday

The Yemeni President Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi settled the question relating to signing the Riyadh Agreement between Yemen's government and the Southern Transitional Council to be held in Riyadh on Tuesday under the sponsorship of Saudi Arabia in broad Arab and international presence.
During a meeting held on Monday with a number of representative of southern entities, Hadi confirmed that the signing ceremony will take place in the Saudi capital as scheduled.
He also praised the great efforts of Saudi Arabia in various fields, in particular sponsoring the meetings of Jeddah and Riyadh that congregated the delegations of the Yemeni government and the the Southern Transitional Council.
Hadi made it clear that the southern cause is the backbone of peace and stability,

(A P)

Optimism in Yemen on eve of sealing Aden power-sharing deal

Al Houthi fighting in focus as government, STC set to bury the hatchet

The Yemeni government and the Southern Transitional Council (STC) have sounded upbeat over a power-sharing deal that both sides are scheduled to sign on Tuesday, ending their feud and refocus efforts on fighting the Iran-allied Al Houthi militia.

STC spokesman Nizar Haitham said that the Saudi-brokered pact will promote development of Yemeni territory liberated from Al Houthis.

“The agreement will also direct weapons against the one and common enemy, who is Al Houthis and set the stage for a new phase of partnership and cooperation,” he told Saudi-owned newspaper Asharq Al Awsat.


(A P)

Optimism Reigns on Eve of Signing Riyadh Agreement

Yemeni parties were optimistic on Monday on the eve of the signing of the Riyadh agreement between the legitimate government and Southern Transitional Council (STC).
The meeting in the Saudi capital is being held under the patronage of Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz. Yemeni President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan and several officials from and ambassadors of Arab and western countries.
Officials from the legitimate government and the STC said the Riyadh agreement, which is sponsored by Saudi Arabia, paves the way for a new phase of partnership and cooperation. It will lead to the resumption of construction and developments projects, most notably in liberated regions in southern Yemen.
Yemeni circles said the return of the government to the interim capital, Aden, will help restore economic and security stability and reopen ministries, especially service-oriented ones.

My comment: This looks like propaganda. – And Southern separatists now hail the Saudis and are happy of looking forward to even more war in Yemen:

(A P)

Sheikh Hani: Riyadh agreement is victory for all

Vice president of the Southern Transitional Council (STC), Hani Ben Brik described the Riyadh agreement between the STC and Yemen's government as a victory for all the concerned parties.
"No one of these parties is defeated, everybody won for the Arab project, thanks to the wisdom of Saudi Arabia and its major supporter the United Arab Emirates." Sheikh Hani added.


(A P)

Haitham to Asharq Al-Awsat: STC places high hopes on Saudi Arabia

Spokesman for the Southern Transitional Council, Nazar Haitham said that the council has placed high hopes on Saudi Arabia in ensuring the success of the Riyadh agreement.
During a telephone interview, Haitham told the London-based Asharq Al-Awsat that the the Riyadh agreement would lead to “weapons being directed towards the common enemy of all parties, which are the Iran-backed Houthi militias.”
He also hoped it would lead to a new phase of cooperation and partnership in all fields with Saudi Arabia.

and Xinhua just parrots the UAE propaganda:
(A P)

Spotlight: People in southern Yemen pin hopes on Riyadh deal

Many people in Aden said that the Riyadh power-sharing deal renewed their hopes of getting a peaceful settlement to end the suffering of armed confrontations in their city.

"Our first hope after signing the deal between the government and the STC is getting our basic services easily, such as electricity and water," a resident named Akram Sadeq told Xinhua on the eve of sealing the Saudi-brokered deal.

(A P)

President: Federalism is fair solution to the southern issue

President Abd Rabo Mansour Hadi reaffirmed on Monday that federalism is the fair solution to the southern issue and Yemen as a whole.

In a meeting with leaders of several southern entities, Hadi explained that the government gave early and special care to the southern issue through the national dialogue conference (NDC) that was held between mid-2013 to early 2014.

Hadi discussed with the leaders of the southern entities the social rift caused by the rebellion in Aden and the Saudi mediation efforts to overcome consequences of the separation acts.

He affirmed that the state is for everyone and that every entity can work under the legitimate government in line to the three references

My comment: Hadi does not change mind and parrots his 2013 policy whether he confronts the Houthis or the separatists. The separatists will not agree to this, and the Riyadh agreement will be just a piece of paper.

(A P)

Hadhramout leaders express support to federal Yemen

A group of prominent leaders from Hadhramaut, the largest governorate of Yemen held on Sunday a special meeting in the Saudi capital, Al-Riyadh discussed the fate of their governorate within the ongoing Saudi-sponsored talks between the government and southern separatists.

Salem Al-Khanbashi, deputy prime minister, Haider Al-Attas, the president advisor, ministers who come from Hadhramaut, the local authority leaders headed by Faraj Al-Bahseni, governor of Hadhramaut and the Parliament Deputy Speaker, Mohsen Ba Sura have attended the meeting, the Turkish Anadolu News Agency reported.

Sources who attended the meeting said that organizers of the meeting aim to establish demands of Hadhramaut away from the Southern Transitional Council (STC) that initiated armed rebellion for the south separation.

My comment: There are many southerners who disagree with the separatists, especially in Hadramaut. These here, of course are hand-picked president Hadi supporters.

(A P)

Local authority in Taiz approves arrest of wanted men

he local authority of Taiz endorsed on Monday pursuing of security wanted men and corruption suspects and bringing them to prosecution.

This decision was taken during a special meeting in Taiz city between the local authority, the judiciary authority and the military and security leaders.

(A P)

Today, H.E. Ambassador BinMubarak awarded Ms. Summer Nasser (@ToEducate) for her marvelous representation of the #Yemeni #American community. (photo)

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Saudi Forces Close Aden International Airport, Forcing Flights to Seiyun

Saudi forces on Sunday closed Aden International Airport and forced all incoming flights to divert towards Seiyun International Airport.

Media sources confirmed that local authorities in Aden, whether loyal to "Hadi" government or to the southern transition, have become unaware of what the Saudi forces wants in Aden.


(A K P)


Saudi forces have prevented a Yemeni Airlines plane from landing at Aden International Airport, navigation sources said.

The sources pointed out that the Saudi forces at the airport refused to allow a Yemeni plane to land at Aden airport,that forced the plane coming from India to change its flight to Sayun airport.

(* A P)

Yemeni President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi Informes Ministers in the Legitimate Government to Accept the Agreement

The Yemeni President Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi informed his advisers and ministers, in the legitimate government, that signing the Agreement is a ‘fait accompli’.
Sources revealed that the Yemeni President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi informed his advisers and ministers in the legitimate government that they have to accept the coming situation because there is no going back and that they have to deal with it as a ‘fait accompli’.
Sources reiterated that the voices of those who disagreed and opposed the signing of the agreement were muted, except for Deputy Speaker of the House Abdulaziz Jabbari, who opposed the terms of the agreement.
The sources pointed out that Al-Jabari, along with Interior Minister Ahmed al-Mesari and Transport Minister Saleh al-Jabwani rejected the agreement, following their secret meetings in the Omani capital Muscat with Qatari, Omani and Houthi leaders.
The official announcement of the Riyadh agreement will be held on Tuesday.

The sources pointed out that the agreement was already signed by the Yemeni Deputy Prime Minister Abdullah al-Khanbashi representing the legitimacy, and Nasser Al-Khubji, a member of the delegation of the Southern Transitional Council.

(* A P)

Several Hadi officials arrested by Saudi intelligence service

Hadi's son amongst high-ranking members arrested on suspicion of collaboration with Qatar and Turkey

Media sources on Saturday revealed that Saudi intelligence services have summoned senior officials in the exiled Hadi’s government in order to interrogate them on charges of collaboration with, and receiving money from, Qatar and Turkey.

According to the sources, the Saudi authorities accused several senior officials in Hadi’s government of using Qatari funds to finance acts of destabilisation in Yemen, in addition to other accusations of collusion with terrorist elements.

The charges included “sending daily reports to Qatar and Turkey” about what is going on in the closed rooms between Yemeni and Saudi officials, as well as “details of the Riyadh agreement negotiations and details of the meetings and political plans taken in Riyadh.”

The sources told All-Ayyam newspaper on Friday that the Saudi intelligence service interrogated Hadi’s own son, Nasser Hadi, who commands of the so-called “Presidential Protection Forces”. Nasser Hadi is reportedly suspected of smuggling weapons. The investigation also involves the director of Hadi’s office, Abdullah al-Alimi, without disclosing the charges against him.

The sources added that one of the assistants to Hadi’s deputy Ali Mohsen al-Ahmar, whose name was not given, has been held in a Saudi intelligence detention for days.

(* A K P)


The United Arab Emirates has threatened to bomb Hadi’s forces backed by Islah militants in Ahwar district if it does not withdraw, after its takeover of the city of Ahwar on Thursday.

“The coalition’s air force gives Marib forces that besiege Ahwar just an hour to withdraw, otherwise they will be bombed,” a UAE politician close to Abu Dhabi rulers, Khalfan Al Kaabi said.

“They are used to have beatings, insult and red-eye to understand,” he added in reference to the UAE bombing on Hadi’s forces in Aden and Abyan last August, which resulted to kill and wound more than 300 soldiers.

On Thursday, Hadi’s forces took full control of Ahwar city after it was controlled by the pro-Emirati Southern Transitional Council.

(A P)


In the first tasks of the Saudi troops after taking over the Aden International Airport, they arrested two airport staff for hours and threatened to liquidate.

(A P)

For the second time, a crowd of angry protesters take to the streets of the almost-five-year besieged city of #Taiz, calling for sacking corrupt officials in the city.

(* A P)

Film: Yemen's Socotra residents divided in conflict

A power-sharing agreement is expected to be signed between Yemen's government and southern separatists on Tuesday. But in the remote, and strategically important islands of Socotra, people appear divided. Many support Saudi Arabia there but want the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to go. They say Abu Dhabi is sending forces to take strategic areas and use them to recruit fighters. 0

(A P)

Hundreds demonstrate against UAE in Yemen’s Socotra island

Hundreds are protesting in Yemen’s remote island of Socotra in the Gulf of Aden near Somalia, demanding the United Arab Emirates withdraw from the island and from the Saudi-led coalition fighting the Houthi rebels.

Footage circulated on social media showing crowds waving Yemeni flags and chanting anti-Emirati slogans.

Yemeni security officials said Sunday’s protests erupted in response to a sit-in staged by separatists loyal to the UAE at Socotra government headquarters =

and also by a pro-Islah Party news site, claiming “Thousands”:


and from the other side:

(A P)

Socotra: Anti-Islah Protests Continue in Heavy Rain

An open sit-in continues in front of the building of the local authority of Socotra, despite the bad weather; heavy rainfall and stormy wind that hit the archipelago due to the cyclonic storm Kyarr which is heading towards the Arabian Sea.
The protestors demand the departure of the Muslim Brotherhood-linked governor, Ramzi Mahrous and the other officials, accusing them of corruption-related issues.

My comment: Separatists protesting against the Hadi government.

(A P)

STC Official Inspects Fighting Fronts East Abyan

The head of the STC local leadership in the governorate of Abyan, Sheikh Abdullah Al-Hotari paid on Saturday, an inspection visit to the front-line positions of Shuqra in the eastern parts of Zinjibar where the fighters of the southern resistance are engaged in defending the province against the Muslim Brotherhood-linked militias sent from Marib to invade the southern regions.

My comment: This means: Frontline against Hadi government troops. This again shows: The Riyadh agreement between Hadi government and separatists is due to fail, even before signed.

(A P)

[Hadi gov.] Security official: We foiled all sabotage attempts in Marib

Sha’alan said that the new security deployment assisted to fail several sabotage attempts in Marib through cooperation between the security forces and the tribesmen.

He pronounced this to a newly trained batch of the security forces. He indicated that the country needs the security men to protect the country against saboteurs.

(* B E P)

Timeline: Saudi Aramco's winding road to an IPO

Here are the key events on Aramco’s path to an eventual stock market debut.

(* A E P)

Saudi Aramco kick-starts what could be world's biggest IPO

Saudi Arabia’s giant state oil company finally kick-started its initial public offering (IPO) on Sunday, announcing its intention to float on the domestic bourse in what could be the world’s biggest listing as the kingdom seeks to diversify its economy away from oil.

But in its long-awaited announcement, Aramco, the world’s most profitable company, offered few specifics on the number of shares to be sold, pricing or the date for a launch.

Bankers have told the Saudi government that investors will likely value the company at around $1.5 trillion, below the $2 trillion valuation touted by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman when he first floated the idea of an IPO nearly four years ago.

Aramco also did not mention what measures it has taken to beef up security following unprecedented attacks on its oil plants in September.

Sources have told Reuters the oil company could offer 1%-2% of its shares on the local bourse, raising as much as $20 billion-$40 billion. A deal over $25 billion would top the record-breaking one of Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba in 2014.

and more

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Highlights of Saudi Aramco's intention to float

Saudi Arabia’s state oil company kicked off its initial public offering (IPO) on Sunday by announcing its intention to float on the Riyadh bourse.

Aramco said the final offer price, number of shares to be sold and percentage will be determined at the end of the book-building period.

It will be offered to institutional and individual investors.

Saudi nationals will be eligible to receive one bonus share per 10 shares they hold for 180 days, up to a maximum 100 bonus shares.

Saudi Arabia’s CMA market authority has agreed to exempt non-resident institutional foreign investors that intend to subscribe from certain formalities to achieve qualified foreign investor status.

cp7 UNO und Friedensgespräche / UN and peace talks

(* B P)

Yemen’s peace process is almost dead. Here’s how to revive it

For any lasting stability in Yemen and the region, future peace efforts should pursue a different course. The road map to peace in Yemen must begin at home. The international community needs to use its resources to help rebuild Yemen’s legitimate government. The most important steps here are to help the government have a stronger presence in liberated areas of the country and to rebuild state institutions — such as unified security forces, judiciary, the Central Organization for Control and Auditing and financial institutions.

This, of course, will not happen unless genuine pressure is exerted on the Saudi-led coalition — and the United Arab Emirates, in particular, across southern Yemen — to cease their financing and arming of non-state militias, many of which are directly at odds with the legitimate government they ostensibly support. The efforts by the Yemeni government to regain its sovereignty and control over state institutions have long been crippled by the actions of Saudi Arabia and the UAE. More than four years into the coalition’s intervention in Yemen, Saudi Arabia’s strategy remains devoid of a larger vision.

Hiding behind the coalition, the UAE continues to carry out a more calculated approach, weakening and dividing the Yemeni government. Yet the Gulf state receives little criticism for its endeavors in Yemen compared to Saudi Arabia, which weathers the punches from the international community. This needs to end.

It is also time to embark on a political process between the parties who are united in opposition to the Houthis but are divided by their desire for power

The failure of the Stockholm agreement to hold the parties to any sort of accountability should be a lesson. If the international community fails to strengthen the state’s institutions and help the Yemeni government to regain its sovereignty, the underlying reasons for the conflict will remain — and the world’s worst humanitarian crisis will likely continue without respite – by Alkhatab Alrawhani

cp7a Saudi-Arabien und Iran / Saudi Arabia and Iran

Siehe / Look at cp9a

(* B P)


Religious violence, primarily stemming from Shia – Sunni conflicts, has occupied the center stage in contemporary Middle East. It’s most recent brutal expression, which is viewed as a symptom rather than the cause, is the rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS; also called the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant; ISIL) in the summer of2014 and the violence it unleashed against the Shias, the anti-ISIS Sunnis and other non-Muslim groups across and beyond the Middle East. The violence did not erupt suddenly, however: it is an outcome of a myriad of complex historical, religious, political, economic, and geopolitical factors.

In the contemporary context, a host of factors, most notably external interventions including the2003 US invasion of Iraq and the toppling of the minority Sunni-led Saddam Hussein government, the sectarianization of politics by the Gulf Arab monarchs, Iran, and other dictatorial regimes in the region to consolidate regime survival, and the geopolitical competitions for power and influence between the region’s two archrivals: the Shia powerhouse Iran and the self-proclaimed defender of the Sunnis, Saudi Arabia, have greatly.


While the United States directs violence from outside, Iran and Saudi Arabia stir up sectarian antagonism and violence from within the region. The two regional heavyweights are deeply engaged in endless competitions for regional preeminence, power, and influence. They are fighting proxy wars or intervening directly in countries like Iraq, Syria, and Yemen to further their respective interests. Their battlegrounds also include the island state of Bahrain in the Persian Gulf and Lebanon in the Levant. Both Iran and Saudi Arabia are diehard supporters of their sectarian co-religionists across the Middle East region; they also domestically suppress the opposite sectarian group in their respective states. In external relations, Saudi Arabia, being supported by other Sunni states, often collaborates with Iran’s nemesis , the United States, to severely marginalize Iranian influence throughout the region, while Iran relies on its regional Shia allies, especially in Iraq and Lebanon, to thwart combined Saudi–US anti-Iran attempts – by Mohammed Nuruzzaman

(* B P)

From 2018: sectarianism and state failure

This article aims to connect sectarian hatreds, failed states, and Islamic eschatology to the growing extremism within the Sunni jihadist movement. It comprises four interrelated themes. First, it provides an overview of the ideological currents (Iranian Shia revolutionary doctrine and Sunni jihadism) that contribute to sectarian conflicts raging across much of the Arab Middle East. Second, the article examines the impact of the 2003 U.S. directed Iraq war and the 2011 Arab Spring revolts that have aggravated intra-confessional animosities gripping the Mideast. Third, the article assesses the role of apocalyptic sentiments in accelerating intra-confessional violence in the Muslim world. Fourth, the essay relates these developments to greater extremism among Sunni jihadists whose fratricidal violence is self-defeating yet difficult to combat.

Religious factors as a source of political conflict in the Mideast have commonly been denied by Western academics. Many early studies of jihadi terrorism debunked the role of religion as a driving force.

Given the jihadist movement’s resilience academic researchers are increasingly acknowledging the relevance of theological motivations as a source of political violence.

Fueled by religious extremism jihadi revolts have convulsed the Muslim world throughout Africa, the Mideast and Central Asia. Islamist insurgency across the world is not only growing but becoming more lethal.

Other factors, however, mix with religion. Abetted by political and economic forces jihadi groups have exploited the weakness of the Mideast state system that saw during the Arab Spring three once strong states fall. Violent Islamist networks, moreover, have their own psychological, organization and group dynamics. – by Anthony Celso

cp8 Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

Siehe / Look at cp1

(A E P)

International fashion designers to participate in "Fashion Futures" event in Riyadh

The "Fashion Futures" event, the first of its kind in the Kingdom, will be held tomorrow at the Culture Palace in the Diplomatic Quarter in Riyadh.
The event will cover the most recent developments in the field of fashion with the participation of some of the most prominent fashion designers.
A number of talented Saudis and graduates from top fashion universities around the world will join international speakers to discuss key topics in the sector.

My comment: Looking at Saudi women: LOL.

(B E P)

SoftBank: blind spots impair Masayoshi Son’s $100bn Vision

As the global business elite deserted a Saudi Arabian investment summit a year ago, after the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi by Saudi agents, the founder of Japan’s SoftBank slipped into Riyadh for a discreet meeting.

Their message for Prince Mohammed was clear: SoftBank, they said, would not abandon him, people briefed on the conversation told the Financial Times. The crown prince pledged never to forget their loyalty. One year later the strength of those bonds is being tested and plans for a long-awaited sequel to the Vision Fund are in serious doubt.

(* A E P)

Riad wälzt Öl-Risiken auf Anleger ab

Versiegende Quellen, Preisverfall und Krieg – Anteile des Staatskonzerns Saudi-Aramco werden verkauft

Es soll einer der größten Börsengänge der Geschichte werden. Schon mehrfach wurde er verschoben, nun sieht es so aus, als würde die staatliche saudische Erdölfirma Saudi-Aramco erst im kommenden Jahr den Gang auf das Handelsparkett wagen.

Die Fundamentaldaten scheinen zu stimmen. Das am Persischen Golf in Dhahran ansässige Unternehmen beschäftigt weltweit rund 65000 Mitarbeiter und erzielte zuletzt einen Umsatz von über 350 Milliarden Dollar. Betrachtet man nur den Gewinn, so verdiente Saudi-Aramco mit über 111 Milliarden Dollar im Jahr 2018 so viel wie Apple, Google und Exxon Mobile zusammen und ist damit das ertragreichste Unternehmen der Erde. Profitieren können mögliche Anleger auch von den niedrigen Steuern innerhalb des wahhabitischen Königreiches. Sie gelten als vergleichsweise moderat, hatte sich der saudische Staat doch bislang überwiegend mit seinen Einnahmen aus dem Erdölgeschäft finanziert. Doch in den vergangenen Jahren ist es zu einer Erhöhung staatlicher Abgaben gekommen.

Dennoch stellt sich die Frage, warum die Saudis ein auf den ersten Blick immer noch ausgesprochen profitables Unternehmen so einfach teilprivatisieren wollen, um ihre Gewinne dann mit Investoren aus aller Welt zu teilen.

Angaben zu den verbliebenen Erdölreserven des Landes sind intransparent und werden manipuliert.

Auch reiche saudische Familien werden genötigt, Aktien für den geplanten Börsengang zu zeichnen. Als kürzlich bekannt wurde, dass die in der jemenitischen Provinz al-Dschauf liegenden Erdölvorkommen zu den größten der Welt gehören könnten, frisierte die saudische Führung ihre Fördermengen kurzerhand nach oben. Zwar liegen 95 Prozent des dortigen Ölfeldes auf dem Territorium des Jemen, auf den verbleibenden, zu Saudi-Arabien gehörenden, fünf Prozent bohren die Saudis unter Mithilfe des französischen Total-Konzerns aber schon heute nach dem schwarzen Gold. Dabei werden auch die auf jemenitischer Seite liegenden Vorkommen in dem umstrittenen Grenzgebiet angezapft.

Die reichen jemenitischen Erdölvorkommen dürften zudem der Grund für die seit 2015 andauernde Militärintervention der Saudis im Nachbarland sein.

Der Angriff der Huthi auf zwei Erdölförderanlagen von Saudi-Aramco im vergangenen September hat das Vorhaben einer raschen Teilprivatisierung weiter zurückgeworfen. Trotz der ansehnlichen Fundamentaldaten dürfte ein Investment in das arabische Erdölunternehmen für Anleger mit erheblichen Risiken behaftet sein – von Dirk Pelster

(* A E P)

Saudi-Arabien geht mit Ölkonzern Aramco an die Börse

Saudi-Arabiens staatlicher Ölkonzern Aramco hat nach mehrfacher Verzögerung die Genehmigung für seinen seit langem erwarteten Börsengang erhalten. Aramco könnte andere große Konzerne an der Spitze ablösen.

Saudi-Arabien steuert mit dem weltgrößten Ölkonzern Aramco auf einen der größten Börsengänge aller Zeiten zu. Das Staatsunternehmen erhielt am Sonntag von der nationalen Finanzmarktbehörde CMA grünes Licht für eine Notierung am heimischen Aktienmarkt.

Damit kann ein Teil der Aramco-Aktien künftig an der saudi-arabischen Wertpapierbörse Tadawul gehandelt werden. Saudi-Arabien plant, fünf Prozent des Unternehmens an die Börse zu bringen. Berichten zufolge soll der Deal ein Volumen von rund 100 Milliarden US-Dollar (etwa 85 Milliarden Euro) haben.

Ein konkreter Zeitplan für den bereits seit rund drei Jahren avisierten Sprung auf das Handelsparkett wurde zunächst nicht genannt. Zuletzt hatte der von Saudi-Arabien finanzierte Nachrichtenkanal Al-Arabija unter Berufung auf Insider berichtet, dass der erste Handelstag an der Tadawul-Börse der 11. Dezember sein solle. Vorerst könnten demnach ein bis zwei Prozent der Anteile platziert werden. Im Gespräch sei dabei ein Emissionsvolumen von 20 Milliarden bis 40 Milliarden Dollar. Damit könnte es der bislang größte Börsengang der Welt werden.

und auch


(* B E P)

Warum viele Anleger skeptisch auf den Börsengang von Saudi-Arabiens Ölkonzern reagieren

Das reichste Unternehmen der Welt, fast so wertvoll wie Apple und Microsoft zusammen, geht an die Börse. Doch nicht alle Investoren sind begeistert

Saudi-Arabien schickt seinen staatlichen Ölkonzern Aramco an die Börse. Der Plan ist ein Kernstück des wirtschaftlichen Reformprogramms von Thronfolger Mohammed bin Salman. Der Prinz will die Erlöse aus der Teilprivatisierung verwenden, um das Königreich auf eine Zukunft ohne Öl vorzubereiten. Doch es gibt Vorbehalte. Der brutale Umgang des Thronfolgers mit Kritikern, geopolitische Risiken und klimapolitische Einwände bremsen die Begeisterung.

Alles an Aramco ist gigantisch. Der Konzern ist nach Einschätzung von Analysten bis zu 1,7 Billionen Dollar wer

Saudische Politik schreckt Investoren ab

Umweltschädlichster Ölproduzent

Zudem macht den Saudis der gesunkene Ölpreis zu schaffen: Die Einnahmeverluste reißen große Löcher in den Staatshaushalt. Die Drohnen-Angriffe auf saudische Ölanlagen im September demonstrierten außerdem die Risiken für Aramco angesichts der vielen politischen Spannungen im Nahen Osten.

Grundsätzlichere Probleme kommen hinzu. Kritiker sehen Aramco als Energie-Dinosaurier, der nicht zum Zeitalter des Klimawandels passt.

(B E P)

Aramco says attack did not impact finances, operations

Saudi Aramco said it does not expect a recent attack on its oil plants to have a material impact on finances and operations as it launched an initial public offering (IPO) on Sunday by announcing its intent for a domestic flotation.

Aramco CEO Amin Nasser told a news conference after the IPO intent statement was published that the world’s largest oil firm was still the most reliable oil company globally.

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Saudi Aramco: the oil colossus

Aramco, as Saudi Arabian Oil Co is usually known, is set to add another superlative to the list: the world’s most valuable listed company.

The sprawling state-owned oil giant announced on Sunday its intention to float on the Riyadh stock market, saying the percentage of shares to be sold would be determined at the end of the book-building period.

Sources have said Aramco could offer 1%-2% of its shares on the local bourse, raising as much as $20 billion-$40 billion. [L8N27J02H]

Aramco is the world’s largest oil producer, pumping 10% of the world’s supply, and its most profitable. Weaker oil prices cut the company’s first half net profit by 12% to $46.9 billion this year, but the figures still overshadowed Apple Inc (AAPL.O), the world’s most profitable listed company, which made $31.5 billion.

Last year, Aramco made an annual net profit of $111 billion, over a third bigger than the combined net income of the five super majors Exxon Mobil (XOM.N), Royal Dutch/Shell (RDSa.AS), BP (BP.L), Chevron (CVX.N) and Total (TOTF.PA).

To diversify its oil business, Aramco is expanding in refining and petrochemicals with the aim of almost tripling its chemicals production to 34 million tonnes per year by 2030 and raising its global refining capacity to 8-10 million barrels per day (bpd) from more than 5 million bpd.

Below are some key facts about Aramco’s history, reserves and operations.


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Saudi Aramco announces intention to offer IPOs on domestic stock market

Saudi Aramco, the world’s largest integrated oil and gas company, wholly owned by the Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, on Sunday announced its intention to proceed with an initial public offering (IPO) on Riyadh's Tadawul Stock Exchange.

The Government intends to sell a portion of its shares in Saudi Aramco, said a press release issued by the company on Sunday.

The Kingdom's Capital Market Authority, CMA, approved the company’s application for the initial public offering.

The price at which all subscribers in the offering will purchase shares (the "Final Offer Price") will be determined at the end of the book-building period.


(A P)

Saudi Government Pressing Richest Families in kingdom to Participate in Aramco’s IPO

Aramco has also contacted some governments, including the Gulf, to support the IPO, but some have been coldly received, while the Saudi government is pressing the kingdom's richest families to take part in Aramco's IPO.

The Saudi government has asked local banks to lend generously so retail investors can buy shares. Saudi Aramco announced on Sunday its intention to go public and list on the Saudi stock market (Tadawul), as the government plans to sell part of its shares.

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Saudi Arabia Will Compromise on Valuation to Make Aramco IPO a Success

Saudi Arabia will compromise on valuation to ensure the initial public offering of Aramco is a success.

The Kingdom is ready to accept less than the $2 trillion Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has long insisted the state oil giant is worth. Bankers will instead target a valuation of $1.6 trillion to $1.8 trillion after the record share sale was given the green light by Prince Mohammed on Friday, according to people briefed on the matter.

The willingness to accept a lower valuation shows the prince has put getting the deal done above being proved right on his $2 trillion estimate.

cp8a Jamal Khashoggi

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Kushner allowed Saudis to arrest Khashoggi

US President Donald Trump’s senior advisor and son-in-law, Jared Kushner, apparently gave permission for Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammad Bin Salman to arrest journalist Jamal Khashoggi before he was killed and dismembered, a report by Britain’s Daily Mail has claimed.

Furthermore, the anonymous whistle-blower who reported this also alleged that Turkish intelligence intercepted the relevant telephone call between Kushner and Bin Salman. This prompted President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan to use the information as leverage to force Trump to withdraw US troops from northern Syria this year.

The newspaper report said that the US House Intelligence Committee, led by the opposition Democrat party, is aware of the claims and plans to use them as part of its impeachment process against the President. It also said that there are seven whistle-blowers from the intelligence agencies who are willing to give evidence in support of the accusations. They include Lieutenant Colonel Alexander Vindman and the National Security Council’s director for European and Russian Affairs, Tim Morrison, as well as an anonymous CIA officer.

and also


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‘Seven whistleblowers’

And a story that — if true — could be deadly for Jared Kushner

According to Cockburn’s source about the seven whistleblowers, there’s more. It is that Kushner (allegedly) gave the green light to MBS to arrest the dissident journalist, Jamal Khashoggi, who was later murdered and dismembered in the Saudi consulate in Istanbul. A second source tells Cockburn that this is true and adds a crucial twist to the story. This source claims that Turkish intelligence obtained an intercept of the call between Kushner and MBS. And President Erdogan used it to get Trump to roll over and pull American troops out of northern Syria before the Turks invaded. A White House official has told the Daily Mail that this story is ‘false nonsense’. However, Cockburn hears that investigators for the House Intelligence Committee are looking into it. Who knows whether any of this is true…but Adam Schiff certainly seems to be smiling a lot these days.

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White House calls claim that Jared Kushner gave Saudi ruler permission to arrest Jamal Khashoggi before journalist was killed and dismembered 'false nonsense'

White House calls claim in British conservative news magazine's gossip column that Jared Kushner green-lighted Jamal Khashoggi's arrest

Article claims more whistleblowers have come forward to Democrat-led House of Representatives with claims of wrongdoing by Trump officials

Report says one whistleblower is alleging that Jared Kushner, Trump's son-in-law, approved Saudi plans to arrest Washington Post journalist Jamal Khashoggi

According to Spectator, Turkey intercepted call between Kushner and Saudi Prince Mohammed bin Salman, and then used it to gain leverage over Trump

Trump agreed to remove American troops from northern Syria after a phone call with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan

White House official calls report 'false nonsense'' Spectator acknowledged of its own report 'whether any of this is true is another matter'

cp9 USA

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Trump Has Stolen the Anti-War Mantle. Here’s How to Get It Back.

His claims about wanting to “end endless US wars” are lies—but they’re effective, because the massive anti-war movement that we need is missing in action.

Donald Trump has stolen the mantra of the anti-war movement. His constant claim that he’s “ending endless wars” is not only demonstrably false; it’s also turning way too many anti-Trump politicians and pundits (and plenty of others too) into supporters of war, just because Trump says he’s against it.

Right now, public opinion polls show that Americans really do want to end these endless wars. But too many people in power—from mainstream media editorial writers to elected officials at every level, especially Democrats—ignore that reality, and end up focusing more on Trump’s fake words than on his real actions.

Right now, we should have broad, deep, and vibrant movements across this country challenging US support for Saudi Arabia’s ongoing massacre of civilians in Yemen. We should see teach-ins on every campus and in every house of worship on the threat of a US war against Iran resulting from Trump’s rejection of diplomacy and abandonment of the nuclear deal. And we should be cheering as every progressive social movement—supporting everything from the Green New Deal to Medicare for All to free college education to a new jobs program—is demanding that the bloated military budget be slashed to pay for those big-idea projects.

But we’re not seeing that yet. And part of the reason, it seems, is that Trump’s false claim of being against war has made it especially difficult for real opposition to war to take center stage.

We need to be clear: There is no evidence that this president is actually doing a thing to end these endless US wars. To the contrary, Trump is escalating troop deployments and continuing or even escalating the drone attacks, airstrikes, and Special Forces assassinations that have come to characterize what George W. Bush called the Global War on Terror 18 years ago.

Trump gets away with stealing the mantle of the anti-war movement because way too few people—particularly progressive voices—are building the movements we need to make the fight to end the endless wars our fight. We can start by building a movement to strengthen initiatives among congressional progressives to end US support for Saudi Arabia’s war against Yemen. We can start by organizing teach-ins and discussions on campuses and in our communities on how we need a renewal of diplomacy and a renewed nuclear deal to prevent war with Iran. And we can start by helping every movement fighting for the Green New Deal and Medicare for All and every other progressive cause recognize the necessity of a call to slash the military budget in answering the inevitable question, “so how you gonna pay for it?”

That’s when Trump’s false claims of ending wars will be exposed for the lies they are, and that’s when social movements across this country will reclaim the mantra, the title, the crown, of fighting against militarism and war – by Phyllis Bennis

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This Is a War Trump Can End

President Trump should seize the opportunity to help end the strategic and humanitarian calamity in Yemen.

President Trump’s instinct to end America’s involvement in “endless wars” is sensible. But he has too often acted in ways that fan the flames of war in the Middle East rather than extinguish them.

By pulling out of the Iran nuclear deal, Trump took the lid off Iran’s nuclear program and turned up the heat on roiling regional tensions.

There is, however, one war that Trump can still help end. The war in Yemen may seem distant to most Americans, but its humanitarian and strategic consequences are enormous.

The conflict is also a stain on U.S. foreign policy. We’ve sold Saudi Arabia the bombs and missiles that are responsible for two-thirds of civilian casualties as well as other U.S. arms now in the hands of both Saudi-backed militias and their rivals. We are training Saudi pilots, servicing their aircraft, sharing intelligence and advising on targets. We do ourselves — and our Saudi partners — no favor by indulging, aiding and abetting Riyadh’s disastrous overreach in Yemen.

The good news, to the extent there is any in the region these days, is that the conditions for diplomatic progress in Yemen are ripening.

The United States can and should use its leverage to push along diplomacy. It can do so in three ways.

First, we should push Riyadh to extend its pause on airstrikes and accept a nationwide cease-fire to test the seriousness of recent Houthi pledges to cease attacks on Saudi targets.

Second, we should throw our full support behind a new U.N.-led framework for talks: one that acknowledges the realities that the Houthis are not going to withdraw back to their northern redoubt; that the internationally recognized Yemeni government cannot simply be airlifted from its exile in Riyadh to Sanaa; that the legitimate security concerns of our gulf partners have to be addressed; and that Tehran has to be engaged directly.

In Yemen, there will be no grand victory parades or the kind of summitry that often animates Trump’s diplomacy, but ending the war there is both the right and smart thing to do for the United States and for the region. We should seize this opportunity

Third, Congress should condition future arms sales and military support to Saudi Arabia on its continued commitment to cease-fire compliance and diplomatic progress.

In Yemen, there will be no grand victory parades or the kind of summitry that often animates Trump’s diplomacy, but ending the war there is both the right and smart thing to do for the United States and for the region. We should seize this opportunity – by William J. Burns =

(A K P)

Photo: A #USAF B-52H Stratofortress from the Bombers Task Force operating out of RAF Fairford, England, accompanied by four #RSAF F-15C Eagles from the 13th Sqn, fly over Prince Sultan Air Base, Saudi Arabia

(* B P)

Yemen and The Militarization of Strategic Waterways

Securing US Control over Socotra Island and the Gulf of Aden

This article was first published by GR in February 2010, five years prior to the outbreak of the US-Saudi war on Yemen.

The article sheds light on America’s unspoken military agenda: the control over strategic waterways.

In the last two years the island of Socotra (which belongs to Yemen) has been taken over by the UAE.

Among Washington’s strategic objectives is the militarization of major sea ways. This strategic waterway links the Mediterranean to South Asia and the Far East, through the Suez Canal, the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden.

It is a major transit route for oil tankers. A large share of China’s industrial exports to Western Europe transits through this strategic waterway. Maritime trade from East and Southern Africa to Western Europe also transits within proximity of Socotra (Suqutra), through the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea. (see map below). A military base in Socotra could be used to oversee the movement of vessels including war ships in an out of the Gulf of Aden.

From a military standpoint, the Socotra archipelago is at a strategic maritime crossroads. Morever, the archipelago extends over a relatively large maritime area at the Eastern exit of the Gulf of Aden.

The Militarization of the Indian Ocean

The establishment of a US military base in Socotra is part of the broader process of militarization of the Indian Ocean. The latter consists in integrating and linking Socotra into an existing structure as well as reinforcing the key role played by the Diego Garcia military base in the Chagos archipelago. – by Michel Chossudovsky

cp9a USA-Iran Krise: Wachsende Spannungen am Golf / US-Iran crisis: Mounting tensions at the Gulf

(A P)

Velayati: Iran reduziert weitere atomare Verpflichtungen

Mitglied des iranischen Aufsichtsrats für Umsetzung des Atomabkommens –JCPOA– sagte: "Sollten die anderen Parteien ihren Verpflichtungen nicht nachkommen, wird der Prozess der Reduzierung der iranischen Verpflichtungen fortgesetzt."

Ali Akbar Velayati, Berater des iranischen Revolutionsoberhauptes in internationalen Angelegenheiten und Mitglied des Aufsichtsrats für den JCPOA, sagte in einem Interview mit dem französischen Fernsehsender France24, der am Dienstag ausgestrahlt wurde, wenn die Europäer ihren Verpflichtungen nicht nachkommen, werde Iran den vierten Schritt zur Reduzierung seiner Verpflichtungen aus dem Atomabkommen nehmen.

(A P)

EU, signatories react to Iran’s new step away from JCPOA

The European Union and signatories to a 2015 deal on the Iranian nuclear program have reacted to Tehran’s decision to take a fourth step in scaling back its commitments under the agreement in reciprocation for Washington’s withdrawal.

The European Union on Tuesday expressed its concern over Iran’s new commitment reductions, warning that it is getting harder to save the nuclear accord, whose fate remains in doubt since Washington withdrew from it and re-imposed tough economic sanctions against Tehran.

EU spokeswoman Maja Kocijancic said it was becoming “increasingly difficult” to preserve the JCPOA, adding the bloc — which chaired the negotiations in the lead-up to the agreement— remained committed to the document, but it depended on “full compliance” from Iran.

“We are concerned by President Rouhani’s announcement today to further reduce Iran's commitments under the JCPOA,” Kocijancic told reporters.

(A P)

Iran: US and ’Israel’ Exploiting Protests in the Middle East

Iranian government spokesman Ali Rabiei said that the United States and "Israel" are trying to exploit the protests in the countries of the Middle East to achieve their interests.

(A P)

New sanctions show US desperation vis-à-vis Iran: Spokesman

Iran's Foreign Ministry spokesman has condemned a fresh round of US sanctions against the Islamic Republic, saying the "futile" and "empty" bans only reveal the desperation of Washington vis-à-vis Iran.

(A P)

Iran starts injecting gas into advanced IR-6 centrifuges

Iran has officially started injecting gas into advanced IR-6 centrifuges through a ceremony at Natanz Nuclear Facility, which was attended by Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) Ali Akbar Salehi.

Addressing reporters following the Monday ceremony, Salehi said, “Today, we will have three symbolic inaugurations, one of which is making operational a 30-machine cascade of IR-6 centrifuges,” which are used to enrich uranium.

(A P)

Iran nuclear commitment cuts: Gas injection to start at Fordow

President Hassan Rouhani says Iran will start injecting uranium gas into centrifuges at the Fordow enrichment facility on Wednesday, in the latest step the country is taking away from a 2015 multinational nuclear deal in response to the United States' withdrawal.

In a Tuesday speech broadcast live on TV, Rouhani said the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AEOI) will be ordered to begin the gas injection process at the Fordow nuclear facility — where 1,044 centrifuges are installed — under the supervision of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on Wednesday.

(A P)

Iran ‘categorically’ rejects US media claims on consular service

Iran has “categorically” rejected US media allegations about Tehran’s request from Washington for the creation of a consular section in the Swiss embassy, which serves as the US interests section in the Iranian capital.

Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesman Abbas Mousavi dismissed on Monday a report by The Wall Street Journal claiming that Iran had asked for the establishment of a consular service section at the Swiss diplomatic mission in Tehran.

The American daily newspaper on Sunday quoted a US official as saying that Iran, through the Swiss, had recently called for the creation of consular services.

(A P)

Iran will target interests of US, allies anywhere in case of war: Commander

The spokesman for Iran's Armed Forces says in case of any aggression against the Islamic Republic, Iranian forces will target the interests of the United States and its allies at any place and on any territory.

Brigadier General Abolfazl Shekarchi made the remarks in an exclusive interview with Fars News Agency on Sunday, emphasizing that the power of the Islamic Republic of Iran is not limited to Iran's geographical borders and is transregional in nature.

Asked about Iran's reaction in case of an aggression by the United States and its allies, Shekarchi said, “Any place and any territorial point sheltering the interests of the United States and its allies would be threatened [in case of aggression against Iran] and the Islamic Republic of Iran has proved that it is capable of doing this.”

(A P)

Iranian official Says US Trys to Divide Yemen, Iraq, Syria, Saudi Arabia

Senior Advisor to the Iranian Parliament Speaker Hossein Amir Abdollahian lashed out at Washington and Riyadh for jointly organizing conspiracies against Baghdad and Beirut, reassuring the two supporters of unrests that their plots in Iraq and Lebanon are doomed to failure.

(A P)

Iran unveils new murals on walls of former US embassy

Iran has unveiled new murals on the walls of the former US embassy in Tehran -- dubbed the "Den of Spies" -- ahead of the 40th anniversary of the compound's takeover.

The images, mainly painted in the colors of the US flag, were put on display during a ceremony attended by Major General Hossein Salami, the chief commander of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC).

One of the 16 murals showed a crumbling Statue of Liberty, its right torch-bearing arm having broken off. Another depicted a revolver with a stars and stripes pattern, but with its barrel drooping downward and a bullet falling out.

A third painting featured Iran's downing of an American Global Hawk drone, illustrated with bats flying out of it.

A fourth showed the triangle of the Eye of Providence in a sea of blood full of floating skulls.

(A P)

Ayatollah Khamenei wants 'repeated ban' on negotiation with US

Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei has underlined the need for a ban on negotiation with the US, saying it is one of the ways to block American infiltration.

"A repeated ban on negotiation with the United States is one of the important means to block their infiltration into our dear Iran," the Leader said in a meeting with university students in Tehran Sunday.

"This prohibition has a strong logic: it will block the way of the enemy's infiltration, display the Islamic Republic's impressiveness to the world, and shatter America's false aura before the world," the Leader added.

(A P)

Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei rules out entering into talks with U.S.

A day before the 40th anniversary of the hostage crisis at the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, Iranian Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei on Sunday again ruled out negotiations with Washington.

“Those who see negotiations with the U.S. as the solution to every problem are certainly mistaken,” Khamenei said during a speech to mark the anniversary, according to his official website.

“Nothing will come out of talking to the U.S., because they certainly and definitely won’t make any concessions.”

and also

(A P)

Supreme leader: Iran has outflanked US since 1979 revolution

Iran’s supreme leader said Sunday that his country has outmaneuvered the United States in the four decades since the 1979 Islamic Revolution.

Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said Iran has “trapped the other party in the corner of the ring in many cases,” adding that U.S. aggression toward Iran has only grown “wilder and more flagrant” over the years. Khamenei was quoted on his official website in a speech to thousands of students, a day before the 40th anniversary of the U.S. Embassy takeover in Tehran.

(A P)

Larijani castigates US administration for jeopardizing peace

Iranian Parliament Speaker Ali Larijani on Sunday castigated the US administration for jeopardizing peace in the Middle East by stirring waves of new adventurism to reach its goal of controlling oil wells.

Trump is apparently not aware of the fact that Syrian soil and oil belong to Syrian government and people, Larijani said, adding that the US has no right to usurp a country by invading it and seizing its oil fields.

Referring to Trump's remarks on regional issues, he said that Trump is continuing its impudence by intending to seize Iraqi oil.

(A P)


Shekarchi, formerly a chief of culture for the armed forces and now a spokesman, gave a statement that was printed at Fars News.

Indicating greater Iranian attempts to link Israel to the conflict in Yemen and Saudi Arabia, Brigadier General Abolfazi Shekarchi slammed Israel and other countries for the war in Yemen on Sunday.
Shekarchi, formerly a chief of culture for the armed forces and now a spokesman, gave a statement that was printed at Fars News. He pointed to recent Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps successes, such as seizing a British tanker, downing a US drone and also praised the Iranian-backed Houthis in Yemen for their attack on Saudi oil facilities. “These can be considered the important developments in the last six months,” he said, noting that it showed Iran was able to confront the “evils of the Zionist regime in the region.

(A P)

According to @StateDeptCT , #Iran provides Hezbollah an estimated $700 million a year in financial backing (document)

My comment: “Since 1985, the United States has provided nearly US$3 billion in grants annually to Israel, with Israel being the largest annual recipient of American aid from 1976 to 2004 and the largest cumulative recipient of aid ($121 billion, not inflation-adjusted) since World War II. More recently, in fiscal year 2014, the US provided $3.1 billion in foreign military aid to Israel”:

“Recently Americans have begun to read and hear that "Israel receives $3 billion in annual U.S. foreign aid." That's true. But it's still a lie. The problem is that in fiscal 1997 alone, Israel received from a variety of other U.S. federal budgets at least $525.8 million above and beyond its $3 billion from the foreign aid budget, and yet another $2 billion in federal loan guarantees. So the complete total of U.S. grants and loan guarantees to Israel for fiscal 1997 was $5,525,800,000:”

(A P)

Iran Blasts US Economic Terrorism after New Sanctions

Iranian officials have slammed new US sanctions on the country’s construction sector as yet another attempt to wage “economic terrorism” against the Iranian people.

First Vice President Es'haq Jahangiri on Saturday denounced the sanctions as “coercive and unilateral measures” targeting Iranians.

The sanctions are “a clear violation of international law and the Charter of the United Nations,” he told a summit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization’s Council in the Uzbek capital of Tashkent.

“The international community bears responsibility in this regard,” Jahangiri added.

(A P)

Saudi Arabia still awaiting signs of ‘goodwill’ from Iran

The drone and missile attacks on Aramco had a "dramatic effect" on the kingdom, says Prince Turki bin Faisal bin Abdul-Aziz Al Saud, who served as director general of Saudi Arabia’s intelligence agency and ambassador to both the United States and the United Kingdom.

The strikes on Aramco’s Abqaiq and Kurais facilities, which have been attributed to Iran, “raised the level of awareness of the potential Iranian threat,” he said in an exclusive interview with Al-Monitor. “And it has also gotten the kingdom moving on improving the defensive capabilities in those areas, and anywhere else that may be liable to, or a target of, Iranian attacks.”

Prince Turki, who is chairman of the King Faisal Foundation's Center for Research and Islamic Studies, has not yet seen any signs of change in Iranian behavior signaling an interest in diplomacy, on Yemen or any other issue, despite the mediation efforts of Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan.

“If there is going to be any regional peace, if you like, we have to see goodwill signs from Iran,” said Prince Turki.

cp11 Deutschland / Germany

(* B K P)

Der Kronprinz und seine Macht

Die Deutsche Bank unterstützt den kurz bevorstehenden Börsengang des weltgrößten Erdölkonzerns Saudi Aramco und trägt damit zur Zentralisierung der Macht bei dem saudischen Kronprinzen Muhammad bin Salman bei. Die zuständigen saudischen Behörden haben am Sonntag grünes Licht für den Börsengang gegeben, der in der ersten Dezemberhälfte durchgeführt werden und zweistellige Milliardensummen in den Staatsfonds PIF spülen soll. Der PIF, der eine zentrale Rolle bei der Finanzierung strategischer Investitionen im Inland sowie strategischer Konzernbeteiligungen im Ausland spielen wird, wird de facto vom Kronprinzen persönlich kontrolliert. Bin Salman ist laut der einhelligen Auffassung von Experten direkt verantwortlich für den Mord an dem saudischen Oppositionellen Jamal Khashoggi in Riads Konsulat in Istanbul. Die Deutsche Bank hat bereits zuvor die Lieferung von Waffen nach Saudi-Arabien finanziert, die im Krieg im Jemen eingesetzt wurden. In der vergangenen Woche war das Kreditinstitut neben weiteren deutschen Firmen auf einer Investorenkonferenz in Riad präsent.
(…) Deutscher Kriegsfinanzier
Die Deutsche Bank ist dem saudischen Herrscherclan und dem Kronprinzen nicht zum ersten Mal bei der Durchsetzung ihrer Machtambitionen behilflich. Sie hat auch Rüstungskonzerne finanziert, die Saudi-Arabien belieferten, während die Streitkräfte des Landes im Jemen Krieg führten.

(* B K P)

Jemen: Die deutsche Heuchelei bei Waffenexporten

(B H P)

Warda Bin Sumait: Ihr Herz gehört den Kindersoldaten

Warda Bin Sumait hat ein Herz für Kinder. Aber es sind nicht irgendwelche Jungen und Mädchen, für die sich die 38-Jährige mit ganzer Kraft einsetzt: Ihr Engagement gilt Minderjährigen, die in ihrer Heimat Jemen als Kindersoldaten missbraucht werden. Bin Sumait musste fliehen, lebt jetzt in Bad Segeberg und versucht, von dort aus zu helfen.

Derzeit kann die ausgebildete Rechtsanwältin ihren Schützlingen daher nur aus der Ferne beistehen. Über 5000 Kilometer von Land ihrer Geburt entfernt, hat sie als – inzwischen offiziell anerkannter – Flüchtling einstweilen eine neue Heimat gefunden (Bezahlschranke)

cp12 Andere Länder / Other countries

(A P)

Mohamed bin Zayed meets children of martyrs

His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces, on Monday met children of martyrs who have been performing exceptionally in academia.

(A P)

Bahrain'is took to the streets in Shakhoura & AbuSaiba, protesting the heinous crime of rape perpetrated against then-detainee @NajahYusuf4. The regime responded by raiding the villages, arresting four youths, and dousing the villages with teargas! (photos)

(A P)

This week alone, #Bahrain has sentenced nine CHILDREN to 2-3yrs in prison on fabricated charges! Instead of being in school, these boys will spend the next years in cramped cells, enduring torture, denied even of the right to embrace their parents! (photos9

cp12a Katar-Krise / Qatar crisis

(A P)

#US @SecPompeo is meeting #Qatari Deputy PM Khalid Al Attiyah at 8 AM then with Saudi minister Adel al-Jubeir at 12 in a sign of mending relations after #Saudi blockade of #Qatar. I have been hearing this since last week.

cp12b Sudan

(* A K P)

Sudan army denies Yemen war casualty claims

The Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) has denied claims by the El Houthi group that more than 4,000 Sudanese soldiers have been killed since involvement in the Yemen war.

SAF spokesman Brig Gen Amer El Hasan reacted to the words of Saree by calling them “baseless” and reiterated that the Sudanese forces will not withdraw from Yemen until an official decision has been issued.

He explained that the withdrawal of 10,000 Sudanese soldiers from Yemen as recently reported by the Middle East Monitor, is inaccurate.

“Sudanese forces are deployed on all fronts in Yemen and their whereabouts cannot be disclosed,” he stated.


(* A K P)

Film: Yemen war: Houthis say Sudan troops suffering heavy casualties

In a news conference, Houthi spokesperson showed Sudanese army casualties who fought with the Saudi-UAE led coalition.

The spokesperson for the Houthi army has said that over 4,000 Sudanese forces fighting with the Saudi-UAE coalition in Yemen have been killed since 2015.

The Houthis have also accused the coalition of pushing Sudanese troops to the front lines and not prioritising captured Sudanese soldiers whenever prisoner swaps have been arranged.

Video interviews with captured Sudanese troops have been shown, in which they have tried to reassure their families of their wellbeing. =


(* A K)


The Yemeni armed forces spokesman, Brigadier General Yahya Serea, revealed the death toll of paid-mercenaries of the Sudanese army involved in the US-Saudi aggression on Yemen, stressing that it exceeds 8,000 killed and wounded.

Sarea said in a televised statement today that the Sudanese deaths in the South, Taiz and the West Coast until last month amounted to more than 2049 killed, while the total death toll on all fronts reached 4253 soldiers.

He pointed out that in 2015 and 2016 the number of the Sudanese-paid mercenaries who were killed in various front is 850.

He also revealed that the Sudan-mercenaries of the so-called Fifth Brigade are stationing in Al-Khubah and other 5,000 Sudanese soldiers stationed in Al-Kubah, while the sixth brigade stationed in Samtah.

He added that in Majazah there are 2000 Sudanese soldiers and in Saqam battalion there are 600 soldiers and on the West Coast stationed six Sudanese brigades and information says that three of them, including 6,000 soldiers and officers, were deported, while in Aden and Lahj, there are 1000 soldiers and officers deployed in Ras Abbas Anad Air Base.

During the press conference, he presented testimonies of Sudanese prisoners and pictures of killed bodies left in the deserts.

He noted that during the past two years, crimes and abuses committed by Sudanese-mercenaries amounted to rape, stressing that involving children in the fighting is among the crimes and violations committed by the leadership of the mercenaries of the Sudanese army (with film, Arabic)

and also:

and also, with films:


Films, Arabic:

And by Xinhua:


(A K P)

Abdulsalam: Current Khartoum Authorities must Rescue their Mercenaries in Yemen

Head of the[Sanaa gov.] National Delegation, Mohammed Abdulsalam, described the Sudanese participation in the aggression on Yemen as one of the disasters of Al-Bashir which he dragged on his people and army for a handful of money.

and also


(A K P)


The [Sanaa gov.] head of prisoners’ affairs, Abdul Qader Al-Murtada, revealed that the Saudi regime rejected to exchange bodies of the Sudanese army with the bodies of martyrs of the Yemeni army and the popular committees, and provided that it should take place in exchange for the bodies of Saudi soldiers.

Al-Murtada published in a tweet on his Twitter account today Saturday, “we recently offered on the Saudi side the exchange of the bodies of a number of our martyrs in exchange for the bodies of Sudanese soldiers, they refused only in exchange for the bodies of Saudi soldiers.”


(A K P)

Brigadier General Yahya Sare’e meets with Sudanese community and prisoners

Statements of Sudanese prisoners of war praise the cause of Yemen

The Yemeni army Spokesman Brigadier General Yahya Sare’e has on Sunday met with Sudanese prisoners captured on the frontlines while participating in the Saudi-led aggression against Yemen, as well as representatives from the Sudanese Yemeni community.

During the meeting, Brigadier Yahya Sare’e welcomed the Sudanese community and the Sudanese prisoners.

He noted “the depth and durability of fraternal relations that have brought together the Yemeni and Sudanese brotherly peoples since ancient times.”

“We send a message to our brothers, the Sudanese people and the new government: we say to them we are brothers. And what is the use of war on your brothers?” he said.

“For the prisoners: they are our guests and they are given all the care and attention,” he added.

and also


(A K P)

Captured Sudanese mercenary reveals Saudi lies used to recruit them

Idrees Mohammed testifies to the propaganda used to lure Sudanese into fighting Yemen

One of the Sudanese mercenaries, named Idrees Mohammed, was asked by a Yemeni soldier following his capture, why he went to Yemen to oppress & kill the Yemeni people.

He said that they brought him and other solider mercenaries to “defend Saudi Arabia under false slogans.”

“All we hear about in the news in Sudan is, that there’s this group in Yemen who are terrorists and oppressing the people and forcing the people to live by a certain system. We believed it, so we joined the army to fight. But coming to Yemen, I now realize I was wrong and lied to. Thank God I have found the truth.”

Film (in Arabic):

(* B K P)


The deposed President Omar al-Bashir and his top military leaders insisted on bringing the Sudanese army into the Saudi-led coalition war, harnessed to play the role of mercenaries.

On March 26, 2015, the Sudanese army spokesman announced that his country would participate in the aggression against Yemen within the coalition forces led by Saudi Arabia.

Despite the internal opposition to the Sudanese participation in the aggression against Yemen, and with most of the countries participating in the coalition refused to send their children to Yemen, the Sudanese regime has pledged to send hundreds of its sons to fight on behalf of Saudi Arabia and the UAE.

This came after the last two countries intervened to lift US sanctions imposed on Sudan since 1997, as well as the large amounts of money granted by the Saudi and Emirati regimes to the leaders of the Sudanese regime.

Since then, Sudanese-Gulf relations have entered a new phase of harmony, coordination and cooperation, with Sudan providing thousands of fighters, while Riyadh and Abu Dhabi only made a series of promises, including efforts to lift the economic sanctions imposed on Khartoum, as well as promises to direct funds and investors to increase support to Sudan.


(A K P)

Mohammed al-Houthi calls for immediate withdrawal of Sudanese mercenaries

Sudanese forces in Yemen are "mercenaries for rent, trafficked by government", al-Houthi said

Member of the Supreme Political Council Mohammed Ali al-Houthi has commented on the announcement made by the Spokesman of the Yemeni Armed Forces about causalities of the Sudanese mercenary forces participating in Saudi-led aggression on Yemen.

He describes the causalities as “a product of the trafficking of ousted President Omar al-Bashir and his successor of Sudan’s youth.”

“Sudan has been subjected to abuse and misinformation from its ousted former president Omar al-Bashir and the Saudi-led coalition. The Sudan has been overlooked,” he tweeted at midnight on Saturday.

“Why didn’t the Sudanese go to defend Mecca or Medina instead of Aden, Taiz and Hodeidah?”

and also

cp13a Waffenhandel / Arms trade

(* A K pH)

UAE announces Middle East defense giant in the wake of Aramco attacks

The effective ruler of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) announced Tuesday that 25 government-owned and independent companies are to combine to create one of the Middle East’s biggest defense groups.

Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan, who also acts as deputy supreme commander of the armed forces, announced combining the 25 firms to create a new conglomerate titled Edge.

The man selected to run Edge as both chief executive and managing director is Faisal Al Bannai, who was formerly a managing director at UAE cybersecurity company DarkMatter. Edge will combine 22 private firms with the government-owned Emirates Defence Industries Company, the Emirates Advanced Investments Group and Tawazun Holding. It’s estimated that 12,000 people will be employed under the defense giant.

Speaking to CNBC’s Emma Graham in Abu Dhabi Tuesday, Al Bannai said the formation of a defense behemoth — which will look to focus on cyberattacks and repelling military drones — was not formed as a direct reaction to the Aramco attacks.

(* A K P)

Saudi Troops Are Using This Huge Grenade Launcher Gun That Looks Like An Action Movie Prop

Saudi Arabia appears to be the first foreign customer for the Chinese-made weapon and its troops in Yemen seem to be the first to use it in combat.

Pictures and a video have emerged online reportedly showing a Saudi Arabian soldier engaged in the conflict against Iranian-backed Houthi rebels in Yemen using a Chinese-made Norinco LG5 man-portable 40mm grenade launcher.

cp13b Kulturerbe / Cultural heritage

(A K P)


The General Authority for the Preservation of Historic Cities condemned the demolition of a group of elements of the mercenaries of aggression to the destruction of one of the historical and religious domes at Tur Al-Baha district of Lahj province.

The Commission considered in a statement that the demolition of one of the domes a crime added to the record of the crimes committed by the coalition of aggression and its mercenaries since the first days of it.

cp14 Terrorismus / Terrorism

(A T)

#ISIS in #Yemen pledges allegiance to new #caliph. There are 29 of them (30 if there's a cameraman) Caption calls this "an aspect" of the oath, but that likely implies further aspects to the ceremony, not further groups. Typically they try to show as many men as they can muster (image)

(A T)

ISIS in Yemen (Wilayat Yemen) issued a Bay’a to the new leader of the Islamic State. ISIS-Y remains small and has largely been occupied with exchanging low level attacks with AQAP in al Bayda.

(A T)

For 3rd time in a week, #AQAP accuses #ISIS of targeting ordinary Muslims by roadside bomb in Qayfa: man maimed on his farm Saturday (This suggests local dispute) Separately, locals say US #drone in Ma'rib Friday killed 2 alleged AQAP with family name Bin 'Arfaj (images)

(A T)

Cheerless evening watching new #AQAP #Yemen video “To Our People in Levant". Raymi tries to pep-talk #Syria #jihad fighters & scholars to rise above disputes & pursue higher goal. This marathon monologue has charisma of a damp rag. But rapturous response already from #AbuQatada

cp15 Propaganda

(A P)

Qatar targets Arab coalition in Yemen

Qatar continues to target the Arab coalition in Yemen in order to achieve certain schemes, as revealed by Yemeni newspaper ‘Al-Ayyam’, which reported extensive intelligence investigations that exposed Qatar's penetration of the government and funding Muslim Brotherhood elements and leaders to obstruct coalition efforts to restore legitimacy in Yemen and defeat the Houthi coup.
According to the newspaper, the Saudi intelligence summoned Yemeni officials in order to interrogate them on charges of espionage, and receiving money and bribes from Qatar and Turkey.
According to officials, several accusations were made against government officials who used Qatari funds to finance acts of destabilization in Yemen, as well as other charges of collusion and the use of terrorists.

My comment: This looks like more anti-Islah Party, pro-separatist propaganda. The images combines the flag of Qatar and the symbol of Islah Party.

(A P)

Mohamed bin Salman commends UAE's sacrifices in Yemen

Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdul Aziz, Saudi Crown Prince, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defence, expressed appreciation of His Highness Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces, for the noble sacrifices made by the UAE along with the Saudi forces and the rest of Arab Coalition soldiers across Yemeni territories.

In his speech during the signing of the Riyadh Agreement between the Yemeni legitimate Government and the Southern Transitional Council today, the Saudi Crown Prince said: "We are pleased to welcome you on this blissful day which brings Yemenis together in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia which has been used since the era of the Founder King Abdulaziz, to standing by Yemen, ensuring its stability and relentlessly supporting its prosperity out of confidence in the wisdom of its people and their determination to survive all challenges."

The Saudi Crown Prince underlined the Kingdom's supportive stance of Yemenis with whom he said Saudi Arabia is inseparably bound by strong religious, neighborly and kinship ties.

"In continuation of this supportive stance for Yemenis, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia directed to exert all possible efforts to mend fences between Yemeni brethren," he added.

The Saudi Crown Prince commended the positive response of Yemeni President Abdrabu Mansour and the Southern Transitional Council to the Kingdom's call for dialogue, which resulted in forging the Riyadh Agreement that he hoped would mark a fresh start for a new phase of stability and development in Yemen.

"The Kingdom will always be standing by you," he addressed the Yemenis.

(A P)

Trump Must Not Blink on Iran Threat

‘Maximum pressure’ has been the crux of Trump administration policy towards the Iranian regime.

Withdrawing from the disastrous nuclear deal, reinstating tough sanctions, targeting top leaders of the regime, and forging the closest personal relationship ever between an American President and Israeli Prime Minister have been hallmarks of the ‘maximum pressure’ policy.

Easing up on those sanctions, extending waivers that allow continuation of nuclear work, and failing to respond promptly and harshly to escalating Iranian regime aggression sends entirely the wrong message to friend and foe alike. Precisely because of that ‘maximum pressure’ to date, Tehran is facing a collapsing economy, nation-wide popular uprising, open détente among Arab Gulf states and Israel, and massive street protests in Iraq and Lebanon, two of the regime’s key satraps.

Now is not the time to go wobbly, with talk about new negotiations or ‘changing the behavior of the Iranian regime.’ Now is the time to press our advantage in every way possible to bring about the collapse of that aggressive, oppressive, jihadist regime once and for all – by Clare M. Lopez, VP for Research and Analysis at the Center for Security Policy

My comment: Just look at the background of the author:

(A P)

Saudi Press: Riyadh Agreement on Yemen is Decisive Turning Point in History of Region

Al-Riyadh newspaper said in its editorial that the Riyadh agreement that has been reached between the Yemeni government and the Southern Transitional Council is seen as result of a sincere and great effort exerted by the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz.

constitutes an important and decisive turning point in the history of the region.
The paper added that the agreement will effectively contribute to stopping the daily fighting, conflict, and destruction being run in Yemen by Iranian-backed terrorist Houthi militia.

(A P)

Separation conspiracy targeting Yemen to serves foreign goals and ambitions

Yemen faces a division scenario due to the collision of the objectives of the regional and international actors and contradicts the objectives of the storm of firmness with the strategic interests of the UAE and Saudi Arabia .

Under the pretext that they are from the northern provinces, prevention is the task of the UAE-backed forces under the pretext of maintaining security .In the end, the Yemeni citizen is the victim of this Western plan under the auspices of the United Nations.

The UN plan is to divide Yemen into two regions under the name of the “Yemeni Confederation union ,This will be signed on Tuesday 5th November 2019 that known as the Riyadh Agreement between Hadi government and Southern Transitional Council “separatists”

(A P)


SEAL Team ist eine US-amerikanische Dramaserie von Benjamin Cavell über die US-Spezialeinheit Navy SEALs.

Das von Jason Hayes angeführte Bravo Team der früher als United States Naval Special Warfare Development Group (DEVGRU) bekannten Einheit (ursprünglich Seal Team 6 der US Navy SEALs, 2010 wurde auch die Bezeichnung DEVGRU geändert, die aktuelle Bezeichnung ist allerdings geheim[8]) führt weltweit Einsätze durch. Diese führen das Team nicht nur in Kriegsgebiete wie Syrien, Afghanistan und dem Jemen zur Bekämpfung von Terroristen und deren Unterstützern, sondern es wird auch zu verschiedenen teilweise verdeckten Einsätzen abkommandiert, unter anderem die Festnahme eines ehemaligen serbischen Kriegsverbrechers in Estland, der mittlerweile als Waffenhändler tätig ist, sowie zur Unterstützung einer Einheit der mexikanischen Marineinfanterie bei der Jagd nach einem mexikanischen Drogenbaron.

Das Team muss bei seinen Einsätzen immer wieder schwierige Situationen und nicht vorhersehbare Schwierigkeiten meistern, die sich zum Teil aus der Natur der Einsätze ergeben und bei denen die Mitglieder des Teams regelmäßig ihre Fähigkeiten als Angehörige einer Spezialeinheit unter Beweis stellen müssen.

und auch


(A P)


SEAL Team is an American military action drama television series created by Benjamin Cavell.

The series follows Bravo Team, a sub-unit of the United States Naval Special Warfare Development Group,[5][6][7] the most elite unit of Navy SEALs, as they plan and undertake dangerous missions worldwide with little notice, and the burden on them and their families.


(A P)

Regime Change In Iran Is Inevitable (America Must Be Prepared)

It is only a matter of time before the Supreme Leader dies.

The supreme leader is the ultimate power in Iran. Constitutionally, he is the commander-in-chief of the Iranian armed forces. Theologically, he is also nayeb-e Imam (deputy of the Messiah). While diplomats focus on Iran’s elected leaders and their appointees—President Hassan Rouhani and Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif, for example—the supreme leader monopolizes all substantive decisions. He rules for life.

Khamenei’s life is nearing an end. In 2014, Khamenei had surgery for prostate cancer.

Regime change has become a loaded term, especially in the fifteen-years after a U.S. invasion ousted Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein, but when Khamenei dies, it is inevitable in Iran. Alas, the United States remains woefully unprepared.

How will the United States react, for example, if infighting leads to a civil war inside Iran? That may seem far-fetched, but not too long ago so did civil war in Libya, Syria, and Yemen.

(A P)

Yemeni Interior Minister hails Saudi efforts to unify Yemeni ranks

(A P)

Film (in Arabic): Iran… A hand offering a gun and another one calling to stop the fight

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif's remarks regarding a political solution to the conflicts in Yemen were met with cynicism by Yemeni observers. Observers showed that the Zarif talk that came during a meeting lately with the official speaker for Houthis, Mohammed Abdulsalam, is particularly ridiculous and booed especially that the continues support for Houthis with weapons and materiel is the main cause for the country armed conflicts.

(A P)

More Saudi coalition „We are benefactors“ propaganda

cp16 Saudische Luftangriffe / Saudi air raids

(* A K pH)

Saudi coalition air raids and shelling day by day

Nov. 4:

Nov. 3:

Nov. 2:

Nov. 1:

Oct. 31:

Oct. 30:

(A K pH)

In Saada, US-Saudi aggression launched 2 raids on Baqem district, damaging a house and a farm and killing a livestock. The aggression also launched 2 raids on Razih district.

(A K pS)

Coalition fighter jets hit Houthi targets in Saada

the Arab Coalition conducted several airstrikes against Houthi targets in the border areas of Razeh and Manbah, inflecting heavy human and material losses on the pro-Iran militants.

(A K pH)

150 Saudi-led aggression airstrikes hit Yemen: Army Spkesman

Yemen's Army Spokesman said in a statement that the Saudi-led aggression coalition fighter jets have waged 150 air strikes on Yemen over the past 48 hours.

(A K pH)

More Saudi coalition air raids recorded on:

Nov. 4: Saada p., Hajjah p.

Nov.2-3: Saada p., Asir

cp17 Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

Siehe / Look at cp1b

(A K pS)

Film: Houthi cell killed attempting to plant mines in Saudi Arabia

(A K pH)

Yemeni Army Downs Hostile Spy Drone off Najran

(A K pS)

Five Yemeni women injured by Houthi-laid landmine in al-Dhale

Five women from the same family were seriously injured on Monday in an explosion of a landmine planted by the Iran-backed Houthi rebel militia in Qataba district of al-Dhale province, in southern Yemen.

Local sources told September Net that the landmine laid by the Houthi militia on a public road, pointing out that the five women sustained life-threatening wounds.

They were taken to hospital for treatment and now three of are in critical conditions, the sources added.

(A K pS)

Coalition foils drone attack on its headquarters in Aden

Saudi-led coalition forces detected and downed a drone on Tuesday, while flying near its headquarters in al-Buriqa district of the southern capital Aden.
Security sources in Aden said that the air defenses managed to shoot down a mid-range unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) when it approached in the early hours of Tuesday morning with a view to targeting the coalition headquarters.
The explosion of the drone, that believed to be sent by Houthis, was heard throughout al-Buriqa district.

cp18 Sonstiges / Other

(A D)

Film: The Public Library in Taiz... The war closed it and peace opened its doors again

The Culture Office in Taiz reopened the public library to visitors after a closure of more than five years due to the ongoing fighting in the country.

(* B D)

Audio: Murad Subay: The walls remember

When war broke out in Yemen, Murad Subay began painting murals on the shelled and bullet-marked buildings of his home city of Sana’a.

His colourful messages of protest and hope raised awareness of the conflict’s impact on Yemeni civilians. He encouraged passers by to join him as he worked, and together they filled ruined homes with images of peace.

Journalist Sumaya Bakhsh traces Murad’s journey as he leaves Sana’a for Cairo. International travel is rarely simple for citizens of Yemen, and we hear from Murad as he languishes in Egypt, stuck without a visa and unable to create new work. Murad is used to living and working in the toughest of conditions, but this period of inactivity is a new test for the prolific artist.

Eventually Murad receives a visa and arrives in the UK to launch a new campaign. Painting with Murad on the streets of London, Sumaya digs into his process as Murad explains why ultimately he must return to the conflict in Yemen, armed only with his brushes and spray cans.

(A P)

Middle East Inst.(MEI) in USA has awarded the Yemeni photographer Ali Alsunaidar the First Prize for his picture. He can’t attend ceremony because he’s from Yemen. We ask all of you to support him receive his award #USA


Film: Open bazaar to display and sell products of social media traders in Aden

Under the auspices of the Southern Transitional Council, the Al-Azabi Council organized an open bazaar in the historic Manaret Aden square, in order to display and sell the various products of social media traders

(* B D)

What do Yemenis believe in? A Brief History of Popular Beliefs

Popular beliefs, or so-called belief systems, include popular knowledge, myths, legends, folk medicine, magic, the belief in awliya (sing. wali),(like the common appeal to Ahmed Bin Alwan (2) or the Five under the Cloak”Ahl Al-Kisa (3)| good or bad omens, dreams, visions, telepathy, evil eye, supernatural beings, metaphysical worlds, and the possibility of being influenced by the world of jinn through possession or other interference. They are contiguous with superstition as both require a similar mindset. In this sense, popular belief is composed of two fundamental parts: the structure of thought and imagination that stems from the social organization one belongs to, and rituals and superstitions as acts of belief.4 Yemen’s popular beliefs are naturally intertwined with legendary heritage, forms of popular religiosity (religious beliefs and practices formed outside the official religious authority), and greater myths that crystallized in the collective unconscious of a traditional agricultural society.

Superstition should not be dealt with in terms of scientific logic, of wrong or right, but rather in terms of its expressive and semantic function in its specific cultural and social context.

There are beliefs associated with the idea of the supernatural, that is, the belief in metaphysical beings, such as the popular belief in jinns as beings who can see but cannot be seen, and as creatures capable of appearing as other animals, such as black dogs, black cats or lizards. Other types of popular belief are related to mythical creatures that are often hybrid human-animal or human mutants. Some of these beings appear in Yemeni folk tales, such as ‘al-Jarjouf’, a flesh-eating monster, but many believe that it exists and does in fact appear. Popular myth in Yemen differs from that of Greek mythology; for example, as Abdullah al-Baradouni pointed out, “If the Greek myth relies on gods and divine heroism, the Arab myth or legend in any form relies on the paranormal and metaphysical figure of the jinn.”5

Yemeni society recognizes the role and power of belief in the perception of things, which is reflected in the Yemeni proverb: “If one believes in a stone, it comes to his aid.” In some parts of Yemen, people use the word ‘Amana!’ (honestly) as a stronger term for ‘I swear or promise to god.’ Its use became so widespread, to the extent that the common belief was that a single ‘Amana’ promise is equivalent to swearing on the name of god seventy times.

One of the most known supernatural beings in Yemeni myth is ‘Sayad’.

(B D)

The Yemeni Sage Al-Humaid bin Mansour:

Between Historical Reality and the Folkloric Imagination

Al-Humaid bin Mansour is a central figure in Yemeni folklore. The poems and stories that are attributed to this wise and guiding personality are widespread throughout Yemen (especially in al-Baydha, Yafa’, Abyan, Shabwa, al-Dhale’, Mareb, al-Jawf and Hadramawt). These poems and stories have also spread north,

Al-Humaid bin Mansour, as a figure in cultural heritage, reflects the feelings of noble Yemeni farmers who treated the land well and coexisted with it in a way that linked their existence, as well as their ideas of existence and non-existence, with it. This coexistence resulted from the experience of the conditions and characteristics of the land and everything relating to it, including the climate and its changes.

(B D)

The Good Tree – Comic

Speaking about her latest comic published on al-Madaniya, she writes, “I tried to illustrate the struggle of the local agricultural industry in relationship to the cultivation of qat, because many farmers believe that it is a fast growing cash crop. However, this drive has led to the shortage of food crops and increased the suffering of large segments of the population, among other current challenges.”

Haifa has created these comic characters with the hope that the ideas reach a wide range of Yemeni followers and readers (images, comic)

(* B D)

Will Our Satirical Memes Become a Source for History Writing and Social Sciences?

Despite developments in the conceptualization and practices of freedom in media, we live in an era of misinformation and biased representations in conventional media – such as television, print newspapers and the internet. What institutional media offers, today, in regards to social and political content does not provide representations that are relatable to the actual stakeholders, the majority of the people. Consequently, people tend to find alternative mediums that allow them to express their views anonymously, granting them safety from the tyranny of dictatorships that many people live under in many places around the world.

Memes found their popularity among Yemeni youth, especially during the war, which has created numerous issues, providing a fertile resource environment for the affectivity of such an artistic orientation. This, however, does not mean that this orientation is always derived from a clear or particular standpoint. As some meme artists expressed, many young Yemenis use this art without a particular vision or aim for any sort of mobilization. In cases like these, memes do not exceed being a skill employed in satirical venting about the current situation in Yemen – where the main objective is laughter!

Vorige / Previous:

Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 1-593 / Yemen War Mosaic 1-593: oder / or

Der saudische Luftkrieg im Bild / Saudi aerial war images:

(18 +, Nichts für Sensible!) / (18 +; Graphic!)

Liste aller Luftangriffe / and list of all air raids:

Untersuchung ausgewählter Luftangriffe durch Bellingcat / Bellingcat investigations of selected aur raids:

21:10 05.11.2019
Dieser Beitrag gibt die Meinung des Autors wieder, nicht notwendigerweise die der Redaktion des Freitag.
Geschrieben von

Dietrich Klose

Vielfältig interessiert am aktuellen Geschehen, zur Zeit besonders: Ukraine, Russland, Jemen, Rolle der USA, Neoliberalismus, Ausbeutung der 3. Welt
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Dietrich Klose