Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 624b- Yemen War Mosaic 624b

Yemen Press Reader 624b: 14. Feb. 2020: Fortsetzung von Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 624: cp 6- cp18 / Feb. 14, 2020: Sequel to Yemen War Mosaic 624, cp 6 - cp18
Bei diesem Beitrag handelt es sich um ein Blog aus der Freitag-Community

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

Dies ist die Fortsetzung von Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 624, Teil 1 / This is the sequel of Yemen War Mosaic 624, part 1:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-624-yemen-war-mosaic-624

Schwerpunkte / Key aspects

Kursiv: Siehe Teil 1 / In Italics: Look in part 1

Klassifizierung / Classification

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Seuchen / Most important: Epidemics

cp1b Am wichtigsten: Kampf um Hodeidah / Most important: Hodeidah battle

cp2 Allgemein / General

cp2a Allgemein: Saudische Blockade / General: Saudi blockade

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

cp6 Separatisten und Hadi-Regierung im Südjemen / Separatists and Hadi government in Southern Yemen

cp7 UNO und Friedensgespräche / UN and peace talks

cp8 Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

cp9 USA

cp9a USA-Iran Krise: Wachsende Spannungen am Golf / US-Iran crisis: Mounting tensions at the Gulf

cp10 Großbritannien / Great Britain

cp11 Deutschland / Germany

cp12 Andere Länder / Other countries

cp12a Katar-Krise / Qatar crisis

cp12b Sudan

cp13 Waffenhandel / Arms Trade

cp14 Terrorismus / Terrorism

cp15 Propaganda

cp16 Saudische Luftangriffe / Saudi air raids

cp17 Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

cp18 Sonstiges / Other

Klassifizierung / Classification

***

**

*

(Kein Stern / No star)

? = Keine Einschatzung / No rating

A = Aktuell / Current news

B = Hintergrund / Background

C = Chronik / Chronicle

D = Details

E = Wirtschaft / Economy

H = Humanitäre Fragen / Humanitarian questions

K = Krieg / War

P = Politik / Politics

pH = Pro-Houthi

pS = Pro-Saudi

T = Terrorismus / Terrorism

cp6 Separatisten und Hadi-Regierung im Südjemen / Separatists and Hadi government in Southern Yemen

Siehe / Look at cp1

(A K P)

Film: Yemen's Foreign Minister Says They Want Peace With Houthi Rebels Now

Yemen Foreign Minister Mohammed Al-Hadhrami discusses the government's desire for peace with Houthi rebels and his views on tensions with Iran. He speaks to Bloomberg's Matt Miller from the Munich Security Conference.

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/videos/2020-02-14/yemen-s-foreign-minister-says-they-want-peace-with-houthi-rebels-now-video

My comment: Meaning „peace“ or “surrender”?

(* A P)

Hadi government spokesman escapes abduction attempt in Mahrah

Infighting reaches highest echelons of puppet government, as Mahrah government is suspected of being behind attempt to kidnap official

A prominent leader in Hadi’s official was subjected to a kidnapping attempt during his visit to Mahrah province.

Local sources in the city of al-Ghaydhah, capital of Mahrah province, in eastern Yemen, said that gunmen intercepted the car of Hadi government spokesman Mokhtar Al-Rahabi as he left the province on Thursday, after a three-day visit.

The sources said that al-Rahabi’s visit provoked the ire of the leadership of Mahrah province, represented by Saudi-backed governor Rajeh Bakrit, after information reached the latter that Al-Rahabi had come to the province for the purpose of inciting the people against him.

Rajeh Bakrit’s office quickly issued a statement denying his connection to the kidnapping attempt, which al-Rahabi escaped in his car.

The Islah party media launched a stinging attack against Bakrit, calling him “a drug dealer who holds the position of governor.”

The abduction attempt illustrates just how deeply-rooted the mistrust and infighting is between several factions that officially work together in the Saudi-backed puppet government

https://www.uprising.today/hadi-government-spokesman-escapes-abduction-attempt-in-mahrah/

(A K P)

Hadi forces shipped from Mahrah to Socotra island

Deadline for Coast Guard that defected to UAE to relent has passed, leading to expectations of renewed violence on the island

More than 35 recruits of Hadi’s forces are set to be transported by sea from Mahrah province to Socotra island in southern Yemen, local sources in Socotra reported on Thursday.

According to the sources, the date for the transfer of the recruits and their departure on a special ship will be on Friday, February 14.

On Thursday, the deadline set by Hadi’s government for the deserting battalion of coast guards who defected to the UAE occupation forces, ended. This has caused speculation that the redeployment of Hadi loyalists may be part of a larger campaign to counter Emirati influence.

https://www.uprising.today/hadi-forces-shipped-from-mahrah-to-socotra-island/

(A P)

Spat between #Mahra governor & #Yemen gov ministry over hajj quotas. But what's interesting: -Gov denial that hajj quotas exist implies agent provocateur activity in Mahra -Mahra is still wary of marginalization -Governor showed some independence -Of all the matters to protest... (text in image)

https://twitter.com/Dr_E_Kendall/status/1228279051514765312

(A P)

[Separatist] Major General Ben Brik presides over a meeting of the Southern Dialogue Committee

https://en.smanews.org/major-general-ben-brik-presides-over-a-meeting-of-the-southern-dialogue-committee

My comment: There is no real “dialogue” at all in Southern Yemen – just the separatist leadership and sycophants. Instead, there is blaming:

(A P)

Al-Jadi: The Brotherhood “Islah” Party is the enemy of all the forces that defeated the #Houthis

The member of the Presidency of the Southern Transitional Council, “Fadl Al-Jadi,” said that the Brotherhood’s terrorist “Islah” party hostiles all the forces that defeated the Houthis.

Al-Jadi wrote on Twitter: The Brotherhood “Islah” Party and its legitimacy hostile all the forces that defeated the Houthis.

https://en.smanews.org/al-jadi-the-brotherhood-islah-party-is-the-enemy-of-all-the-forces-that-defeated-the-houthis

(A P)

Al-Awlaki: It is illogical for Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to impose Brotherhood’s organization on any people and prohibit it from itself

A leader in the Southern Transitional Council warned Saudi Arabia of imposing the Muslim Brotherhood on any people.

The member of the Southern Transitional Council Presidency, Salem Thabet Al-Awlaki said on Twitter: “The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has banned the organization of the Muslim Brotherhood in the Kingdom and has classified it as a terrorist organization and its position in many countries is consistent with this trend, except for Yemen.”

https://en.smanews.org/al-awlaki-it-is-illogical-for-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-to-impose-brotherhoods-organization-on-any-people-and-prohibit-it-from-itself

My remark: Muslim Brotherhood = Islah Party, main supporter of the Hadi government. – And more separatist blame on the Hadi government, linking it to terrorism:

(* A K P)

STC statement on return of terrorist activities in Abyan, Shabwah, and Wadi Hadramout

The Southern Transitional Council, with regret, is closely following the return of terrorist activity by terrorist organizations in the areas of the presence of the legitimate government in the governorates of Abyan, Shabwah, and Wadi Hadramout, with support and cover of the so-called Yemeni National Army, and they have conducted a number of terrorist operations, the latest of which was the bombing of the house of the leader of the rapid intervention forces as well as two soldiers from the security belt were martyred during an armed ambush by al-Qaeda terrorist operativesin Al-Mahfed district in the governorate of Abyan.
The Southern Transitional Council sees the return of Al-Qaeda and ISIS organizations’ activities in the areas of the presence of the so-called legitimate forces as proof, with no doubt, of the close connection between the so-called National Army of the Muslim Brotherhood and these terrorist organizations and their actions targeting the leaders of the military and security units in the south, as well as the security and stability of the southern community in general.
What we see today from the return of increased activity of terrorist groups and their execution of a number of killings and bombings, including the recent terrorist operation, comes in the context of the systematic terrorist action targeting the southern national project.

http://en.adenpress.news/news/18417

(* A P)

Mass protests against UAE occupation of Socotra

Island inhabitants rally against occupation and destruction of their homeland

Thousands of citizens of the Yemeni island of Socotra have held a mass rally on Tuesday against the presence of the UAE occupation militia on the island.

The demonstrators chanted slogans against the Emirati occupation, which has turned Socotra island into a location of military barracks and armories.

The protesters, who roamed the streets of the city of Hadibu, raised banners condemning the presence of the UAE-backed militias as a great threat to the rare environmental diversity on the island.

The protesters demanded that the UAE must stop creating security chaos in Socotra, which threatens security and social cohesion among the islanders.

Tribal gunmen on Socotra island took control of a warehouse of military weapons belonging to the Emirati occupation militias in the ancient Shouq area last week, in an act of resistance against the occupation of the island.

https://www.uprising.today/mass-protests-against-uae-occupation-of-socotra/

(* A P)

Taiz city torn apart by Islah militia infighting

Civilians suffering under heavy fighting in occupied city

Violent clashes have broken out between coalition gunmen in Taiz, in which several civilians have been killed and wounded, local sources reported on Wednesday.

Local residents said that they have suffered the ravages of heavy fighting in some neighborhoods of the city since dawn on Wednesday, in which all kinds of light and medium weapons were used.

Residents confirmed that the clashes between the so-called “Ghazwan al-Makhlafi faction” and the “Ghadhar al-Sharabi faction”, both of them groups from the Islah Party, extended from Waday al-Qadi north of Taiz to the Aljamhwary areas in the centre of the time.

Combatants reportedly targeted houses with machine guns and artillery shells, killing a woman and injuring a girl when a shell hit their house.

https://www.uprising.today/taiz-city-torn-apart-by-islah-militia-infighting/

and

(A P)

Gang violence in Taiz governorate kills one, injures five

The clashes follow an ambush by the Ghadder Al-Shar’abi gang on rival Ghazwan Al-Mekhlafi’s convoy a week ago north of Taiz city

https://al-masdaronline.net/national/327

(A P)

Shabwa: Pro-2011 revolution activists demand President Hadi’s return to Yemen

The pro-2011 revolution activists demanded on Tuesday return of the country’s exiled president Abd Rabo Mansour Hadi to Yemen to exercise his duties from the homeland.

This was voiced by the pro-democracy activists who celebrated on Tuesday in Ataq city of Shabwa, east Yemen, the 9th anniversary of Yemen’s 11 February peaceful revolution.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-37823

(A P)

Prime minister leaves Aden amid obstruction of Al-Riyadh agreement implementation

The Yemen’s Prime Minister, Maeen Abdulmalik left Aden On Wednesday to Saudi Arabia, the state-run Saba News Agency reported.

Departure of the prime minister from Aden coincides with continuation of obstruction to implementation of Al-Riyadh agreement by the Southern Transitional Council (STC), an armed separation group based in Aden.

The government accused on Sunday the STC of obstructing implementation of Al-Riyadh agreement.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-37824

and also https://thearabweekly.com/yemen-prime-minister-riyadh-crisis-separatists-continues

(* B K P)

'Independence or Front Lines': Securing Southern Representation in Yemen's Peace Talks

The article addresses the consolidation and rise of the Southern Transitional Council in South Yemen and their push for access to a seat at the table of Yemen’s peace talks. Through the case study of the STC, the article goes on to question how veto players are defined in violent conflict, and highlights the opposing narratives surrounding the STC and their status and how that may have shaped decisions in allowing them to take part in peace talks – by Robert Foster

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/339166189_%27Independence_or_Front_Lines%27_Securing_Southern_Representation_in_Yemen%27s_Peace_Talks

(A K P)

Hadi minister calls for “crushing” southern Yemeni separatists

Saleh al-Jabwani claims violence should be answer for failure of Riyadh Agreement

The so-called Minister of Transport in the Saudi-backed Hadi puppet government, Saleh al-Jabwani, has called for “crushing” the UAE-backed Southern Transitional Council militia in Aden, southern Yemen.

Al-Jabwani stated in a tweet on Tuesday, that the UAE-backed militias “thwarted the Riyadh Agreement” that was signed between the Hadi government and the Southern Transitional Council on November 5, 2019.

Al-Jabbwani added, “We have no choice but calling on the government to prepare to crush the STC militia in Aden by force.”

He pointed out that what happened to Saudi officers and Al-Islah militants in Al-Alam area “proves the failure of the Riyadh Agreement.”

https://www.uprising.today/hadi-minister-calls-for-crushing-southern-yemeni-separatists/

(A P)

Islah renews confidence on Saudis to end obstruction to Al-Riyadh agreement implementation

Senior officials of the Islah Party in Yemen renewed on Tuesday their confidence on Saudi Arabia to end obstruction by southern rebels to Al-Riyadh agreement implementation.

This was articulated during a meeting between the Islah’s officials and the Chinese Ambassador to Yemen, Kang Yong.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-37807

(A P)

Despite the war and the bad situation #Taiz city celebrated today the 9th anniversary of the February Revolution 2011 against Saleh regime .Young men and women they struggled for whole year and dreamed of change and freedom (photos)

https://twitter.com/hussamA123/status/1227253942230319104

Film: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ibu1Mvr4_tI

(A P)

STC calls on regional, int'l communities to take urgent action

Spokesman for the Southern Transitional Council, Nazar Haitham called on the regional and international communities to take urgent action against the return of terrorist organizations to the southern governorates of Abyan and Shabwa where they resumed recently their activities under the protection of Islah militias, the military wing of Yemen's Muslim Brotherhood within the legitimate government.
Haitham wrote on his official Twitter account that "Yemen's legitimacy has thwarted all the efforts exerted during the past years in the fight against terror."

http://en.adenpress.news/news/18398

My comment: Separatist propaganda declares Hadi government army and its Islah Party supporters as “terrorists”.

And full statement:

(* A P)

official speaker Press Statement

The Southern Transitional Council is closely monitoring with regret the return of terrorist organizations in the areas of the presence of legality in Abyan, Shabwa and Wadi Hadramout with support and cover of the so-called Yemeni National Army and its implementation of a number of terrorist operations, the latest of which was the bombing of the house of the leader of the Rapid Intervention Forces in the Al-Mahfd district of Abyan Governorate, the leader Jamal Lakmah May God protect him, as well as two soldiers from the security belt, who were martyred during an armed ambush by al-Qaeda terrorist operatives in the Al-Habadh area of the Al-Mahfad district.

The Southern Transitional Council sees an attempt to restore the Al-Qaeda and ISIS organizations to their activities in areas where the forces of the so-called legitimacy are evidence that there is no doubt about the close connection between the so-called National Army of the Muslim Brotherhood and these terrorist organizations and their implementation of actions targeting the leaders of the military and security units in the south, as well as security and stability Southern society in general.

https://stcaden.com/news/11234

(A T)

Soldier and civilian killed in suspected Al Qaeda ambush in southern Yemen

Incident follows hit and run attacks thought to be linked to terror group

“The ambush was set up in Wadi Al Khayalah junction," Capt Al Yousfi said. "It’s recognised as one of the main strongholds of Al Qaeda in the province of Abyan."

https://www.thenational.ae/world/mena/soldier-and-civilian-killed-in-suspected-al-qaeda-ambush-in-southern-yemen-1.977824

and also http://en.adenpress.news/news/18400

(* A P)

New STC statement levels serious accusations against #Yemen government -Its conflicting agendas have led to political & military failures & impede #RiyadhAgreement -It distorts facts to cover its failures & contradictions -It thwarts coalition efforts to fight Houthis & terrorism

https://twitter.com/Dr_E_Kendall/status/1227231552423256068

cp7 UNO und Friedensgespräche / UN and peace talks

(B P)

So much in @UNHumanRights Chief @mbachelet's Security Council speech is applicable to #Yemen. "Peace doesn't automatically break out when weapons fall silent" It needs -transitional justice -strong credible institutions -wide civil society participation -locally-led peacebuilding

https://twitter.com/Dr_E_Kendall/status/1228263967480520710

referring to https://www.un.org/press/en/2020/sc14109.doc.htm

(* B P)

From Stockholm to Riyadh: Breaking the Yemen peace process deadlock

Peace efforts thus far have been largely fragmented and frail, and Yemen may be on the verge of further conflict that would make the prospects for peace even more distant. The UN and Saudi Arabia have adopted a crisis management approach by containing the immediate micro-crises — in Hodeida in 2018 and in Aden in 2019. But this has not addressed the core issue for Yemenis: the need to end the war and build peace nationwide. As the UN, EU, and the signatories of the joint communique continue their efforts, two primary lessons from the past failures of the peace process have become clear.

The need for nationwide peace talks

First, the UN must replace its geographically limited approach with nationwide, inclusive peace talks that resolve the impasse between the primary warring parties and end hostilities on all frontlines. By focusing on just a few governorates, mediators have temporarily limited armed clashes along certain frontlines while ignoring many others.

This gradual approach has prolonged an already drawn-out war, frozen the quest for an overarching political settlement, deepened internal fragmentation, and incentivized renewed violence in several governorates.

More success taking a regional approach

Second, the UN would benefit from working hand in hand with a regional partner and modeling future efforts after the 2011 Gulf Cooperation Council initiative on Yemen, the Omani facilitation of the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, and the 2019 Riyadh Agreement. These all exhibited in-depth expertise, a nuanced understanding of local dynamics, geopolitical sensitivity, and an ability to facilitate comprehensive talks, all of which could increase the potential for the success of UN mediation efforts. Oman has sporadically facilitated talks between the Houthis, Yemeni government, Saudi Arabia, and foreign officials.

The UN’s current approach in Yemen must change. Since the conflict intensified in March 2015, the UN has brokered six rounds of talks between the Yemeni government and the Houthis in Switzerland, Kuwait, and Sweden, and the results thus far have been disappointing.

Taking all of this into account, there is no doubt that what is needed is a comprehensive peace agreement, immediately and unconditionally, that’s backed by regional actors and a bottom-up peace process. The big hurdle lies in reducing mistrust and building confidence before resuming talks – by Ibrahim Jalal

https://www.mei.edu/publications/stockholm-riyadh-breaking-yemen-peace-process-deadlock

(A P)

[Pro-Hadi gov.] Yemen political parties shocked by Griffiths’ call for ‘unconditional’ talks between Houthis, Hadi

The National Alliance of Political Parties called on Griffiths to first work on implementing the Stockholm Agreement

Yemen’s National Alliance of Political Parties (NAPP) supporting President Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi’s internationally recognized government expressed shock at a call by the UN Special Envoy for Yemen Martin Griffiths for “unconditional” political consultations between the Houthis and the Hadi government, despite the stalled implementation of the Stockholm Agreement.

In a statement on Feb. 8, NAPP, which consists of 17 political parties, called on Griffiths to work on implementing the Stockholm Agreement, saying "it provides a platform to help prepare for comprehensive negotiations with a new methodology that provides conditions for success and makes peace a necessity for all parties."

https://al-masdaronline.net/national/330

My comment: LOL, LOL. “unconditional talks” are the only way how any peace talks will work. The Hadi government always clinged to maintain the mantra “We are legitimate, you are coupists” and its “three references”, which would cement the Hadi government’s superiority.

(A H P)

Daily Press Briefing by the Office of the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General, 12 February 2020 - Yemen, Syria, Libya

The Secretary General is following the humanitarian situation in Yemen closely. He reiterates the importance of sustaining the humanitarian operation, which is being implemented in challenging conditions, but is providing life-saving assistance to millions of Yemenis. The Secretary-General supports continuing dialogue with all the interested parties to ensure that help reaches all those who need it, in accordance with humanitarian principles.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/daily-press-briefing-office-spokesperson-secretary-general-12-february-2020-yemen-syria

(* A K P)

Gespräche über Gefangenenaustausch

Im Jemen haben die Bürgerkriegsparteien nach Angaben der UNO Gespräche über einen Gefangenenaustausch begonnen.

Ein Sprecher der Vereinten Nationen erklärte, Vertreter der international anerkannten Regierung und der Huthi-Rebellen seien zu einem von der UNO vermittelten Treffen in der jordanischen Hauptstadt Amman zusammengekommen. Es sei bereits die dritte Verhandlungsrunde. Die grundsätzliche Einigung auf den Austausch von Gefangenen galt bei den Friedensverhandlungen 2018 in Schweden als Durchbruch.

https://www.deutschlandfunk.de/jemen-gespraeche-ueber-gefangenenaustausch.1939.de.html

(* A K P)

UN Resumes Efforts to Resolve Yemeni Prisoners File

The United Nations has resumed its efforts to resolve the prisoner file, which has been pending since the signing of the Stockholm agreement with the Iran-backed Houthi militias in December 2018, Yemeni government sources told Asharq Al-Awsat on Monday
Yemeni government and Houthi representatives resumed last Sunday UN-sponsored meetings in the Jordanian capital, Amman, with hopes to make progress in this issue, the sources said.
In line with the Sweden deal, the Houthis agreed with the legitimate government to swap prisoners as a confidence-building step.

The UN efforts resumed more than a week ago, when UN Secretary General Martin Griffiths traveled to Sanaa where he met with Houthi leaders. His visit coincided with the launch of medical flights from Sanaa that flew a number of patients to Amman.
The envoy then traveled to Riyadh where he met with government officials.

https://aawsat.com/english/home/article/2125736/un-resumes-efforts-resolve-yemeni-prisoners-file

cp8 Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

(A P)

Israeli delegation visits Saudi Arabia for first time

A high-ranking Israeli delegation from an umbrella US Jewish group has visited Saudi Arabia this week, a sign of increasing warmness between Tel Aviv and Riyadh as the two sides look to forge closer informal ties and expedite normalization efforts.

Israel’s English-language broadsheet newspaper The Jerusalem Post reported on Friday that members of the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations visited Saudi Arabia this week, a move believed to be the first official visit to the kingdom by an American Jewish organization since the Oslo peace process in 1993.

https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2020/02/14/618626/Israeli-delegation-umbrella-US-Jewish-group-Saudi-Arabia

(A P)

Saudi minister denies any plans for crown prince to meet Israeli PM

Saudi Arabia’s foreign minister on Thursday denied media reports of a possible meeting between Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, amid speculation about normalizing ties between Gulf Arab states and Israel.

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-israel-saudi/saudi-minister-denies-any-plans-for-crown-prince-to-meet-israeli-pm-idUSKBN20729I

(A P)

11 Feb 2020: the prison’s administration asked @LoujainHathloul to sign on an engagement to stop trying to engage with the Human Rights Comission or the Judge/Court anymore. She refused, telling them it’s a violation of her basic rights.

https://twitter.com/LinaAlhathloul/status/1227635260197949441

Tomorrow’s hearing for @LoujainHathloul starts at 8am local time. The hearing will take place at the Criminal Court in Riyadh. Noting that the court decided to start the trial procedure from zero after the initial trial started in March 2019.

https://twitter.com/WalidAlhathloul/status/1227230212708085760

The Public Prosecution has denied the torture of @LoujainHathloul without an investigation! Those suspected of torture should be suspended from positions of power over detainees in accordance with IHRL.

https://twitter.com/SonaliDhawan_/status/1227616745147502594

(A P)

Film: #Saudi begins razing dozens of low-income stores in Safwa, #Qatif, as part of a large-scale plan to forcibly change the region's demographic by demolishing most of it and by dispossessing & displacing its population without compensation!

https://twitter.com/PrintempsArabeS/status/1227674681387421696 = https://twitter.com/nashetqatifi/status/1227645084587429888

(A P)

Film: Resilience of our people is amazing in spite of standing up alone to the backward #UK backed #Saudi Monarchy. Jubilations welcome freed hostage Abdullah AlFaraj in #Awamya 3 years after his arrest

https://twitter.com/AliAlAhmed_en/status/1227197427070963713

(* B P)

[from 2013] Saudi Arabia: Cultivating Sectarian Spaces

No single country is considered to do more to propagate sectarianism than Saudi Arabia. As Andrew Hammond writes in his essay in this issue of Gulf Analysis, the Saudi royal family sees itself as the rightful inheritor and guardian of Islamic orthodoxy. Saudi Arabia’s formal interpretation of Islam is ideologically sectarian, condemning all other traditional schools of Islamic thought and religious communities as heresy. The state and private citizens put millions every year into evangelism (known in Arabic asda’wa), the establishment of schools and mosques worldwide and financial support to print and broadcast media that promote its interpretation of Islam.

As Shiite communities inside Saudi Arabia and aroundit constitute the largest and most organised group of such“ heretics”, it deliberately subjects them to particularlystringent criticism and discrimination. Even before the Arab Awakening, the rise of an Islamist, Shiite Iran, and then a Shiite Iraq had already posed a serious threat to a Saudi and Wahhabi influence over the region. In the last two years, Saudi Arabia has predictably turned to trenchantly sectarian policies in Bahrain and Syria, where it fears Iranian encroachment, and within its own borders, where Shias have been protesting since 2011.

Saudi Arabia’s responses at home and abroad are reinforcing the worst repercussions of sectarianism. With Hezbollah’spublic declaration of support to the Syrian regime earlier this year, Saudi media and Salafist groups in turn became noticeably more hostile.

Countering Iran and its potential influence is as much about containing models of Islamist governance that contradictSaudi Arabia’s own as it is about containing Shiism, and understanding this imperative is key to interpreting Saudiregional policy more broadly. Where Saudi Arabia has not been able to play on anti-Shiite sentiment – such as with the new Islamist forces in Egypt – it has sought both to undermine the rise of the Muslim Brotherhood and to support more extreme Salafist parties, which adhere to Saudi interpretations of Islamic governance. It has cultivated the rivalry between the Brotherhood and the Salafists in order to prevent them making common cause against it – this is from the introduction by Fatima Ayub

https://www.academia.edu/7316893/Saudi_Arabia_Cultivating_Sectarian_Spaces?auto=bookmark

cp9 USA

(* A K P)

Senate moves to limit Trump on military force against Iran

The Senate approved a bipartisan measure Thursday aimed at limiting President Donald Trump’s authority to launch military operations against Iran, with eight Republicans joining Democrats in a post-impeachment bid to constrain the White House.

The measure, authored by Sen. Tim Kaine, D-Va., says Trump must win approval from Congress before engaging in further military action against Iran.

https://apnews.com/6286252716f16d09c23451cf95443c6f

(B P)

71% Americans said US Navy was justified shooting down Iran Air passenger plane that killed 290 civilians—75% USians blamed Iran. 61% opposed giving compensation to victims' families. Trumpism runs deep in America's cultural DANN (text in image)

https://twitter.com/MarkAmesExiled/status/1227713398277799937

(A P)

[Saudi] Minister of Foreign Affairs meets number of US thinkers, think tanks

Prince Faisal bin Farhan bin Abdullah, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, during his visit to Washington, DC, met a number of thinkers and researchers of US think tanks and institutes.
The discussion during the meeting focused on the importance of strategic relations between the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United States of America

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2034517

(A P)

This is one of the saddest stories I’ve ever reported. It also defies all logic: Parents of one of the victims in the #iranplaneshootdown have been denied a visa to visit their only other child who lives in Texas.

https://twitter.com/jrezaian/status/1227708004407050241

(* A P)

Saudi Arabia turns to Democrat-tied lobbyists for Capitol Hill relationship advice

Saudi Arabia has turned to a pair of former Democratic aides to help repair relations with Capitol Hill.

The Saudi Embassy in Washington hired the Washington-based Williams Group for help “providing advice on how best to establish relationships with members of Congress and staff.” Registered to lobby on the account are firm founder Michael Williams, a special assistant for legislative affairs under President Bill Clinton, and Jennifer Stewart, a former aide to Reps. Eddie Bernice Johnson, D-Texas, and Gregory Meeks, D-N.Y., who has touted her ties to the Congressional Black Caucus.

Riyadh spends tens of millions of dollars per year on about 100 foreign agents, including a roster of Republican bigwigs but not a single former Democratic lawmaker.

“It makes perfect sense for them to diversify their support base, given the extremely strong opposition to them from Congress,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, managing director for research and policy at the dovish Quincy Institute. “I think they may be recognizing that they just need to invest some more into maintaining what has been, historically, a willingness of the United States to look the other way.”

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2020/02/saudi-arabia-hire-democrats-congress-advice-relationships.html

(* B P)

America: Land of Make-Believe

If what happens in courtrooms across the country to poor people of color is justice, what is happening in the Senate is a trial. If the blood-drenched debacles and endless quagmires in the Middle East are victories in the war on terror, our military is the greatest on earth. If the wholesale government surveillance of the public, the revoking of due process and having the world’s largest prison population are liberty, we are the land of the free. If the president, an inept, vulgar and corrupt con artist, is the leader of the free world, we are a beacon for democracy and our enemies hate us for our values. If Jesus came to make us rich, bless the annihilation of Muslims by our war machine and condemn homosexuality and abortion, we are a Christian nation. If formalizing an apartheid state in Israel is a peace plan, we are an honest international mediator. If a meritocracy means that three American men have more wealth than the bottom 50% of the U.S. population, we are the land of opportunity. If the torture of kidnapped victims in black sites and the ripping of children from their parents’ arms and their detention in fetid, overcrowded warehouses, along with the gunning down of unarmed citizens by militarized police in the streets of our urban communities, are the rule of law, we are an exemplar of human rights.
The rhetoric we use to describe ourselves is so disconnected from reality that it has induced collective schizophrenia. America, as it is discussed in public forums by politicians, academics and the media, is a fantasy, a Disneyfied world of make-believe. The worse it gets, the more we retreat into illusions. The longer we fail to name and confront our physical and moral decay, the more demagogues who peddle illusions and fantasies become empowered. Those who acknowledge the truth—beginning with the stark fact that we are no longer a democracy—wander like ghosts around the edges of society, reviled as enemies of hope.

https://www.truthdig.com/articles/america-land-of-make-believe/

(B P)

A reminder that the world largest popular movemnt for democracy- per capita- #Bahrain #Feb14 -01 happened during @BarackObama reign but he refused to support it even by calling for a constitutional monarchy & elected government. Instead he spied on protestors from @US5thFleet

#Obama green lit the #Saudi #UAE invasion of #Bahrain to crish protesters & his fake idealist @AmbPower44refused to meet with Human Rights icon @NABEELRAJAB

No #American administration , active or retired officials have ever supported an establishment of an elected government in the #GCC even by empty words. These offecials are lying to the #American people

https://twitter.com/AliAlAhmed_en/status/1228018075351617537

cp9a USA-Iran Krise: Wachsende Spannungen am Golf / US-Iran crisis: Mounting tensions at the Gulf

(** B K P)

How Months of Miscalculation Led the U.S. and Iran to the Brink of War

The Trump administration escalated pressure on Iran to try to negotiate over its nuclear aims. Instead, Iran fought back with violent attacks. At critical points, each country misjudged the other.

What happened over the past several months, based on interviews with officials from the United States, Iran and other Middle Eastern countries as well as outside analysts, is a story of miscalculations by both sides and of violence that spilled into nations across the Middle East — from Syria to Saudi Arabia to Iraq.

The Trump administration escalated a campaign of financial warfare — so-called maximum pressure — to suffocate Iran’s economy in hopes of forcing its government back into negotiations over its nuclear program and its military operations throughout the region. Instead, Iran lashed out with brazen attacks on oil installations in the Saudi desert, tankers docked off the Emirati coast and American forces in Iraq.

The decision by President Trump to authorize the killing of Maj. Gen. Qassim Suleimani, Iran’s most powerful military commander, might ultimately deter future Iranian aggression. Yet a recent C.I.A. analysis concluded that Iran, while struggling to continue funding its military activities under American sanctions, appears no closer to entering direct talks over its nuclear program, according to American officials familiar with the assessment.

Israeli intelligence officials have also determined that the escalating tensions have made Iran only more determined to gain a nuclear weapon, and to take concrete steps toward amassing enough nuclear fuel to build one.

American officials continue to defend the “maximum pressure” campaign, as Secretary of State Mike Pompeo did last month during a combative interview with NPR. He said that the United States had “raised the cost” for Iran’s military actions around the Middle East.

“This is beginning to place real choices in front of the Iranian regime,” he said.

But the fissures in the American-led anti-Iran coalition, exemplified by the secretive Emirati-Iranian talks, have dimmed a vision of a realignment in the Middle East long advocated not only by Mr. Trump, but also by the leaders of the Arab states in the Persian Gulf and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel. In that vision, Israel and certain Sunni countries gain supremacy over Iran, the world’s largest Shiite-majority state.

Iranian officials also miscalculated, believing that after a series of escalatory military operations — the tanker attacks, the shooting down of an American drone, the Saudi oil strikes, rocket attacks on bases in Iraq by Iranian-backed militias — Mr. Trump would refrain from responding consequentially. Instead, he made the startling decision to authorize the killing of General Suleimani – By Mark Mazzetti, Ronen Bergman and Farnaz Fassihi

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/13/us/politics/iran-trump-administration.html

(A P)

IRGC general says regional cooperation needed to expel US troops

https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2020/02/14/618647/Iran-IRGC-Hajizadeh-axis-resistance-US-troops

(A P)

US behind recent major cyberattack on Iran: Jalali

https://en.mehrnews.com/news/155603/US-behind-recent-major-cyberattack-on-Iran-Jalali

(A P)

Saudi Arabia accuses Turkey of supporting extremist militias in three Arab countries

Saudi Minister of Foreign Affairs, Adel Al-Jubeir, confirmed that the kingdom opposes what he described as “Turkey’s incursion into Syria, and its support for extremist militias in Libya and Somalia.”

Al-Jubeir stated in a press conference on the sidelines of his visit to the Romanian capital, Bucharest, to meet officials there, on Thursday: “We oppose Turkey’s incursion into Syria, and we oppose Turkey’s support for militias in Somalia, Syria and Libya.”

https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20200214-saudi-arabia-accuses-turkey-of-supporting-extremist-militias-in-three-arab-countries/

My comment: What a joke.

(* B K P)

Die NATO in der arabischen Welt

Kurz vor der heute beginnenden Münchner Sicherheitskonferenz bemühen sich die westlichen Mächte um Schritte zur Konsolidierung ihres Einflusses im Nahen und Mittleren Osten. Berlin treibt die Umsetzung der Beschlüsse der Libyen-Konferenz voran, um seine Stellungen in dem nordafrikanischen Land zu stärken und die dortigen Positionen Russlands und der Türkei zu schwächen. Die NATO-Verteidigungsminister wiederum haben beschlossen, den Einsatz des Kriegsbündnisses im Irak auszuweiten. Erst kürzlich hatte das Parlament in Bagdad den Abzug der auswärtigen Truppen gefordert; die NATO-Staaten sind nun bemüht, die irakische Regierung zur Aushebelung des Votums zu drängen.

https://www.german-foreign-policy.com/news/detail/8187/

(* A K P)

UNITED STATES MISSION TO THE UNITED NATIONS

Media Note on the United Nations Yemen Panel of Experts Report

Iran attacked Saudi Arabian oil facilities on September 14, 2019. It was an attack not only against a sovereign state but against the global economy as well. The evidence pointed to Iran, despite unsubstantiated claims of responsibility by Houthi rebels in Yemen.

Since its September attack, Iran has continued its program of terrorism, nuclear extortion, and destabilizing behavior. Iranian-backed militias have launched 12 rocket attacks against Iraqi military facilities hosting U.S. service members and incited the December 31 assault on the U.S. embassy in Baghdad.

With the Panel of Experts’ conclusions, the Security Council now has less than 36 weeks until the October expiration of the UN arms embargo to renew sanctions forbidding the sale of certain weapons systems to Iran. Iran’s intention to use its short-range missiles is clear, as Saudi oil-field workers and their families can attest. How it might use more powerful weapons – should sanctions be lifted – is a matter of even more vital concern for the international community.

https://usun.usmission.gov/media-note-on-the-united-nations-yemen-panel-of-experts-report/

My comment: The US misusing the UN for its paranoia warfare against Iran. Always keep in mind the size of US armament compared to Iran’s, to understand the hypocrisy of such claims.

(B K P)

Iran's revenge on Soleimani assassination taught Trump a lesson, says ex-US official

An ex-chief of staff of former US Secretary of State Colin Powell says Iran’s response to the assassination of General Qasem Soleimani has taught US President Donald Trump "a little bit of a lesson," about any future attacks on the Islamic Republic.

"I think it taught him a little bit of a lesson, because there were a number of things about that retaliation that were surprising; one that it was so proportionate and two that it was so accurate," Lawrence Wilkerson told Press TV on Wednesday.

https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2020/02/12/618519/Iran-US-Qasem-Soleimani-Lawrence-Wilkerson-Donald-Trump

(A P)

US gives Iraq sanctions waiver for vital Iranian gas imports

The United States has granted Iraq a 45-day sanctions waiver enabling the country to continue importing vital Iranian gas and electricity supplies.

In a statement Wednesday, the U.S. State Department said the waiver “ensures that Iraq is able to meet its short-term energy needs while it takes steps to reduce its dependence on Iranian energy imports.”

The U.S. has applied stringent sanctions on Iran that punish any country trading with it.

https://apnews.com/c9732151bd17c384272ea7c9420a18ff

My comment: The US claims to rule the world, giving sanctions or waivers to any other country.

(A P)

Rouhani: US Enmity Towards Iranian Nation Rooted in Its Fear of Revolution’s Might

https://english.almasirah.net/details.php?es_id=11157

(A P)

Time to abandon your delusions: Iran FM tells US president

https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2020/02/11/618413/Zarif-Iran-US-Trump-Islamic-Revolution-delusions

(A P)

Iran stresses right to enhance space technology, rejects France ‘meddlesome’ claims

Rejecting the “meddlesome” statement on Tuesday, Iran’s Foreign Ministry Spokesman Abbas Mousavi said Tehran has “an inherent right to develop science and technology.”

“Iran’s defensive missile program has also nothing to do with Resolution 2231 because Iranian missiles have not been designed to carry nuclear weapons,” the official said.

https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2020/02/11/618423/Mousavi-missile-space-satellite-Iran-France

(* A P)

US to seek more help from NATO to counter Islamic State

US Defense Secretary Mark Esper said Tuesday he is looking to NATO allies for more help countering the Islamic State extremist group in Iraq and in bolstering U.S. defense efforts in the Middle East more broadly.

In an interview while flying to Brussels to attend a NATO defense ministers meeting, Esper told reporters he wants NATO countries to do more to help Iraq’s security forces.

“As they put more forces in, that could allow us to decrease” the U.S. military’s workload there, he said.

Esper is looking for ways to reduce the U.S. troop presence in Iraq so that some can be brought home to focus on longer-term challenges, particularly from China.

https://apnews.com/ccf9e61a5608ddca8fbdfb21dcde3935

and

(* A P)

NATO set for Iraq troop trainer-swap to mollify US demands

NATO countries are preparing to move more than 200 trainers working with the international force fighting the Islamic State group in Iraq to the military alliance’s own mission there helping to build up the Iraqi army in response to President Donald Trump’s demand that U.S. allies do more in the Middle East, senior officials said Tuesday.

The move — essentially a “re-badging” exercise as troops shift from the anti-IS coalition to NATO control — will be high on the agenda Wednesday when NATO defense ministers meet in Brussels to weigh exact troop numbers.

https://apnews.com/abe74cc0098913660338a28565a2ee7d

(* A P)

Iraq is considering deeper military ties with Russia amid strained relations with the US

Iraq's Defense Ministry says it has discussed the possibilities for deepening military cooperation with Russia, as ties between Baghdad and Washington fray following a U.S. air strike that killed a top Iranian general in the country.

https://taskandpurpose.com/iraq-russia-military-ties

Comment by Trita Parsi: It's not America "leaving" the Middle East that's causing countries to turn to Russia. It's America being a bully that causes them to seek ways to balance the US... Iraq is considering deeper military ties with Russia amid strained relations with the US

https://twitter.com/tparsi/status/1227055774230290433

(* A P)

Amid Pressure From U.S. Sanctions, Iran Reaches Out Publicly To China

With tensions high between the United States and Tehran, Iran's attempts to reach out to China have increasingly been put on public display.

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif has made several trips to China in the past year.

https://www.rferl.org/a/amid-pressure-from-us-sanctions-iran-reaches-out-publicly-to-china/30426856.html

(A P)

US terrorism targets entire Iranian nation: President Rouhani

Addressing a gathering of foreign ambassadors in Tehran on Monday, Rouhani said, “Today, we are faced with oppressive sanctions, [and] a terrorist measure by the United States against the entire Iranian nation. Nobody has any doubt that the US’ maximum pressure and [the policy of] sanction take aim at each and every one of our people”, Presstv Reported.

http://www.iran-daily.com/News/265468.html

(A K P)

Iran missile attack shattered US’ self-proclaimed empire: IRGC spokesman

https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2020/02/10/618339/IRGC-Brigadier-General-Ramezan-Sharif-retaliatory-missile-attack-US-base-Ain-al-Assad-empire

cp10 Großbritannien / Great Britain

(* B K P)

How the UK is Violating International and Domestic Law

In a new exposé published today, Curtis revealed 17 separate and ongoing British government policies that did so, leading him to label his own nation as a rogue state.

Many of the most blatant violations of international law stem from British actions in the Middle East.

The U.K. is a key enabler of Saudi crimes in Yemen. The U.N. claims that Yemen has “all but ceased to exist” as a state and estimates 24 million Yemenis are in desperate need of humanitarian assistance as the country is racked by famine, disease and war. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Saudi Arabia is by far Britain’s most important arms customer, responsible for 49 percent of total weapons purchases, buoying the booming industry. In addition, the R.A.F. repairs and maintains Saudi warplanes involved in the destruction while storing and issuing bombs used against the Houthis. Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn had promised to end all arms sales to Saudi Arabia if elected. The U.K.’s own House of Lords ruled that the government was breaking the law by continuing to send arms to the region. But the Conservative December landslide ensured the policy remained intact, sending weapons manufacturers’ stocks soaring.

https://www.mintpressnews.com/rogue-state-how-the-uk-is-violating-international-and-domestic-law/264729/

and

(* B K P)

Explainer: Is the UK a rogue state? 17 British policies violating domestic or international law

UK governments routinely claim to uphold national and international law. But the reality of British policies is quite different, especially when it comes to foreign policy and so-called ‘national security’. This explainer summarises 17 long-running government policies which violate UK domestic or international law.

British foreign secretary Dominic Raab recently described the “rule of international law” as one of the “guiding lights” of UK foreign policy. By contrast, the government regularly chides states it opposes, such as Russia or Iran, as violators of international law. These governments are often consequently termed “rogue states” in the mainstream media, the supposed antithesis of how “we” operate.

The following list of 17 policies may not be exhaustive, but it suggests that the term “rogue state” is not sensationalist or misplaced when it comes to describing Britain’s own foreign and “security” policies.

These serial violations suggest that parliamentary and public oversight over executive policy-making in the UK is not fit for purpose and that new mechanisms are needed to restrain the excesses of the British state.

Arms exports to Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia has been accused by the UN and others of violating international humanitarian law and committing war crimes in its war in Yemen, which began in March 2015. The UK has licensed nearly £5-billion worth of arms to the Saudi regime during this time. In addition, the RAF is helping to maintain Saudi warplanes at key operating bases and stores and issues bombs for use in Yemen.

Following legal action brought by the Campaign Against the Arms Trade, the UK Court of Appeal ruled in June 2019 that ministers had illegally signed off on arms exports without properly assessing the risk to civilians. The court ruled that the government must reconsider the export licences in accordance with the correct legal approach.

The ruling followed a report by a cross-party House of Lords committee, published earlier in 2019, which concluded that Britain is breaking international law by selling weapons to Saudi Arabia and should suspend some export licences immediately – by Mark Curtis

https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2020-02-07-explainer-is-the-uk-a-rogue-state-17-british-policies-violating-domestic-or-international-law/

cp12 Andere Länder / Other countries

(B P)

Der Krieg im Jemen und was die Schweiz damit zu tun hat

Die Schweiz ist in der Region als neutrales Land ohne koloniales Erbe respektiert und könnte nach Ansicht von Experten zu einer friedlichen Lösung beitragen. Kritiker sagen aber auch, dass die Schweiz ihre wirtschaftlichen Interessen höher gewichte.

Gibt der Krieg im Jemen hierzulande zu reden, dann meist im Zusammenhang mit Schweizer Kriegsmaterialexporten nach Saudi-Arabien. Das Königreich steht wegen seiner Beteiligung am Jemen-Krieg und der Missachtung der Menschenrechte in der Kritik.

Die Schweiz wäre aber dennoch in einer guten Position, um sich im Bereich der Mediation für eine friedliche Lösung im Jemen zu engagieren, wie Monika Bolliger sagt. Die ehemalige Nahost-Korrespondentin der Neuen Zürcher Zeitung unterstützt die Denkfabrik Sana'a Center für strategische Studienexterner Link bei Aktivitäten in Europa.

Als Grund erwähnt Bolliger nicht nur die guten Beziehungen Berns zu Riad und Teheran. Sie sagt auch, dass die Schweiz "im Jemen wie in der Region als neutrales Land mit humanitärer Tradition und ohne imperialistische Absichten respektiert wird".

https://www.swissinfo.ch/ger/schweiz---jemen_der-krieg-im-jemen-und-was-die-schweiz-damit-zu-tun-hat/45507056

et en Francais: https://1001infos.net/suisse/que-peut-faire-la-suisse-pour-resoudre-la-crise-au-yemen/

(* B P)

The Chinese Perspective on the Yemen Crisis

Abstract

China played a low-key but supportive role in UN-led peace negotiations to mitigate the Yemeni civil war. Working alongside the United States, European states, Russia, and Arab Gulf countries, China followed the international consensus on Yemen that backs President Abdurabbo Mansour Hadi’s government as the legitimate government of Yemen, United Nations Security Council resolutions, and the Stockholm agreement. In striking a balance between regional rivals, Beijing tilts toward Saudi Arabia’s position in Yemen while concurrently endorsing the Iranian nuclear deal reached with world powers in 2015. Yemen is not a direct strategic interest for China, and Beijing lacks the willingness and capacity to take major initiatives to mitigate and resolve the mounting humanitarian crisis. (paywalled)

https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-35578-4_7

(B P)

Iran’s Role in the Yemen Crisis

Abstract

In 2014, few people in Iran were familiar with the term “Houthis” or “Ansar Allah,” the official name of the group in Yemen. However, this militant political group, which Western media began describing as “Iranian-backed” or “Shia Houthis,” has since became an important pawn in Tehran’s multifaceted geopolitical struggle against one of its key regional adversaries, Saudi Arabia. And yet, the lack of historical ties and an exaggerated sense of the importance of sectarian bonds between Iran and the Houthis only underscore the reality that this has mostly been a marriage of convenience. The durability of the Iran-Houthi partnership continues to depend on the policy decisions of third-party actors, most notably the Saudis, Emiratis, and Americans, all of whom consider both Tehran and the Houthis to be malign actors. There is no doubt that Iran’s investments in Yemen increased as the Houthis were able to consolidate political and military power. That said, Tehran’s Yemeni project has largely not been an end in itself but an endeavor to provide the Iranians with a bargaining chip to use with its greatest regional rival, Saudi Arabia. On paper, the Houthis were the last addition to the Iran-led “Axis of Resistance,” but as a manifold movement, they have never been Tehran’s minions (paywalled)

https://www.springerprofessional.de/iran-s-role-in-the-yemen-crisis/17664366

My comment: I first classified this as “propaganda”. The Houthis never had been Iranians “pawns”.

cp12a Katar-Krise / Qatar crisis

(* A P)

Saudi-Qatar talks to end lengthy Gulf dispute falter: sources

Talks between Saudi Arabia and Qatar to resolve a bitter Gulf dispute broke down soon after starting, six sources said, leaving in place a political and trade embargo of Doha that hampers joint Gulf Arab efforts to counter Iran.

The discussions that began in October were the first glimmer of a thaw in the row that saw Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt sever political, trade and transport ties with Qatar in mid-2017.

The countries accused Qatar of supporting terrorism and cozying up to regional foe Iran. Doha denies the charges and says the embargo by its fellow Gulf Arabs aims to undermine its sovereignty.

Washington has strong ties with all the states involved, including Qatar which hosts the largest U.S. military base in the region, and sees the rift as a threat to efforts to contain Iran. It has pushed for a united Gulf front.

Qatar’s priority in the discussions was to restore free movement for its citizens to the boycotting nations, access to the airspace of those countries and reopening Qatar’s only land border shared with Saudi Arabia, four Western diplomats in the Gulf and two sources familiar with Qatari thinking said.

However, Riyadh wanted Qatar to first demonstrate a fundamental change in behavior, particularly in its foreign policy that has seen Doha back opposing sides in several regional conflicts, three of the diplomats said.

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-gulf-qatar/saudi-qatar-talks-to-end-lengthy-gulf-dispute-falter-sources-idUSKBN2050Z8

cp12b Sudan

(A P)

Sudanese gov’t reaches settlement deal with USS Cole victims

Sudan’s transitional government said Thursday it has reached a settlement with families of the victims of the 2000 attack on USS Cole in Yemen, in a bid to have the African country taken off the U.S. terrorism list and improve relations with the West.

The settlement is the latest step from Khartoum to end its international pariah status.

https://apnews.com/9f09ace93fa5291ef1b0848797b72e84

and

(A P)

Sudan seeks to end terror designation in USS Cole settlement

Sudan’s transitional government said Thursday it has reached a settlement with families of the victims of the 2000 attack on the USS Cole in Yemen, a key step in having the U.S. remove Sudan from its list of state sponsors of terrorism so it can rejoin the international community after years of exclusion.

Copies of the agreements obtained by The Associated Press show that $70 million will be split among families of 17 people killed, as well as 15 sailors who were injured and two of their spouses. In the agreement, Sudan makes no admission of wrongdoing.

The announcement was the latest in a series of efforts by the interim government to close the book on former President Omar al-Bashir, whose three decades of iron-fisted rule was brought to an end in popular protests last year.

https://apnews.com/9f09ace93fa5291ef1b0848797b72e84

Comments:

The US should start by compensating Cuba after the CIA armed and trained fascists in Miami who shot down Cuban civilian airliners Then there is the trillions of dollars the US would owe to Syria, Libya, Iran, and Afghanistan, after decades of supporting Salafi-jihadist "rebels"

https://twitter.com/BenjaminNorton/status/1228413048173551616

Remarkable: US has successfully demanded Sudan pay compensation to 17 US personnel killed in 2000 terrorist attack. How many millions of people around the world might claim compensation from US if similar principle were applied to its wars?

https://twitter.com/markcurtis30/status/1228411506313891840

(* A P)

Official: Sudan to hand over al-Bashir for genocide trial

Sudan’s transitional authorities have agreed to hand over ousted autocrat Omar al-Bashir to the International Criminal Court to face trial on charges of war crimes and genocide, a top Sudanese official said Tuesday, in a deal with rebels to surrender all those wanted in connection with the Darfur conflict.

https://apnews.com/c6698024bdd7f1cade89b9b4101d25c1

(A P)

Official says Sudan to hand over officials wanted by ICC

A top Sudanese official said Tuesday the country’s transitional authorities and rebel groups have agreed to hand over officials wanted by the ICC, presumably referring to long-time autocrat Omar al-Bashir, who is wanted for war crimes including mass killings in Darfur.

https://apnews.com/c6698024bdd7f1cade89b9b4101d25c1

cp13 Waffenhandel / Arms Trade

(* B K P)

Global arms trade is a nearly 200 billion business and the US drives nearly 80% of it

The world spends nearly $3 trillion a year on military expenditures, and the United States drives the bulk of the globe’s weapons trade — about 79%, according to figures compiled by the U.S. State Department.

The State Department’s World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers report published in December 2019 is the latest U.S. assessment of global military spending from 2007 to 2017.

The United States exported four times more arms around the globe than the next nine countries combined.

The world spends nearly $3 trillion a year on arms, and the United States drives the bulk of the globe’s weapons trade — about 79%, according to figures compiled by the U.S. State Department.

The State Department’s World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers report published in December 2019 is the latest U.S. assessment of global military spending from 2007 to 2017.

Despite declining in 2013 from a peak of $206 billion, the global annual value of international arms transfers from 2007 to 2017 rose about 65% from about $119 billion to nearly $195 billion, according to the State Department’s Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, which compiled the report.

“Both the growth in the world arms trade and the high proportion of world arms imports supplied by the U.S. appear to have been due largely to reliance on the United States as a source of arms by other rich, democratically-governed countries,” the authors of the report wrote.

The report found that the United States accounted for 79% of the global arms trade, or an average of $143 billion annually. The European Union was responsible for about 10%, followed by Russia at 5% and China at less than 2%.

The United States exported four times more arms around the globe than the next nine countries combined.

https://www.cnbc.com/2020/02/04/global-military-expenditure-and-arms-trade-report.html

cp14 Terrorismus / Terrorism

(* B T)

Death of AQAP Leader Shows the Group’s Fragmentation—and Durability

Raimi ticked a lot of boxes for an al-Qaeda leader, enough to warrant a $10 million U.S. bounty. He burnished his jihadist credentials in Afghanistan in the 1990s, did jail time, became a hero after a daring prison break, helped oversee the merger of the group’s Saudi and Yemeni branches, and proved himself a skilled military planner. As AQAP’s senior military leader, he was linked to several headline-grabbing operations inside Yemen, bombing foreign tour groups and the U.S. embassy in the late 2000s alongside hundreds of operations against domestic targets. Overseas, the group was directly or inspirationally linked to numerous plots, including failed efforts to blow up a passenger jet and two cargo planes.

AQAP’s ability to strike abroad has been severely curtailed since Raimi became leader in 2015, but its efforts to inspire other attackers remain strong.

But one should not overplay Raimi’s status. The group fragmented and weakened under his leadership, and he never quite managed to fill the shoes of his predecessor, Nasir al-Wuhayshi, who was among half a dozen senior AQAP figures lost to drone strikes in early 2015.

His removal still carries practical and symbolic significance, of course.

Four senior figures have been mentioned as potential candidates to replace Raimi, though they are hardly the only options

A WEAKENED ORGANIZATION

AQAP is at its weakest point in a decade, at least in terms of its identity as a coherent group with a primarily religious ideology. Its dream of establishing an Islamic state in Yemen lies in tatters.

For the past year-and-a-half, it has been dragged into a distracting battle with the group calling itself “ISIS in al-Bayda,” and breakaway fragments have fanned out to other parts of the country.

Meanwhile, incessant drone strikes have convinced the group that it has been infiltrated by informers, leading it to severely limit communications and essentially paralyze itself.

Various coalition militias in the south also appear to be coopting AQAP fragments. These militia forces can be roughly split into pro-government and pro-southern secessionist camps. Although the evidence points in different directions, AQAP’s general ideological aversion to secession is ripe for exploitation (the group’s leaders reject manmade borders and depict secessionists as godless socialists). AQAP operations against pro-secessionist forces spiked last August.

This raises the question of whether AQAP or some of its fragments are transitioning from holy warriors into guns-for-hire—and, if so, whether they are doing so for ideological, political, or financial reasons

NOT A FATAL BLOW

An increasingly politicized incarnation of al-Qaeda in Yemen may be coming to the fore. Whether by choice or necessity, some AQAP fighters may be evolving from ideological jihadists into guns-for-hire. Even so, the ideological core of AQAP remains. Killing Raimi struck a blow, but it was far from fatal. As Yemen unravels and warring sides fragment, AQAP will find it easier to regroup and prosper again – by Elisabeth Kendall

https://www.washingtoninstitute.org/policy-analysis/view/death-of-aqap-leader-shows-the-groups-fragmentationand-durability

(A T)

Recent #ISIS ops in #Yemen seem to contradict UN report S/2020/53 (1/20/2020) p.8 alleging collaboration between Houthis & #ISIS in Bayda'. Since mid-Dec, 87% of ISIS ops in Bayda' *claim* to have targeted Houthis. Latest below: ISIS attacked 5 Houthi positions yday, they say...

https://twitter.com/Dr_E_Kendall/status/1228082918951673863

(* B T)

A couple thoughts on future al Qaeda leadership in Yemen While there is certainly a bench of commanders in AQAP that are not publicly known that may be pulled from, the most likely among the known (in my opinion) are Khalid Saeed al Batarfi, Ibrahim al Banna, or Sa’ad al Awlaki

https://twitter.com/MaherFarrukh/status/1227182889600770048

(A T)

Kendall: I think this is significant. #AQAP comms are still 'live'; it just claimed an op on #ISIS in Qayfa yday. But it has not claimed various attacks on (pro-south) security forces attributed to it in Abyan & elsewhere. Why not? Thoughts to follow in my new piece for @WashInstitute

https://twitter.com/Dr_E_Kendall/status/1227615229988757514

cp15 Propaganda

(A P)

Iran, Not Saudi Arabia, Is to Blame for Yemen's Humanitarian Crisis

aid organisations are finally waking up to the central role the Iranian-backed Houthis have played in creating the disaster.

As humanitarian officials prepare to meet in Brussels this week -- Thursday -- to discuss the Yemeni aid crisis, the main topic of discussion will be what has been described as the unprecedented and unacceptable obstruction tactics being employed by the Houthis that are preventing vital aid supplies from reaching the country's starving population.

Whatever the outcome, no one will be in any doubt that it is the Iranian-backed Houthis, and not the Saudi-led coalition, who are primarily responsible for creating Yemen's disastrous humanitarian crisis – by Con Coughlin

https://www.gatestoneinstitute.org/15581/iran-not-saudi-arabia-is-to-blame-for-yemen

and also https://debriefer.net/en/news-14922.html

(A P)

Vice President Lt. Gen. Ali Mohsen Saleh has confirmed significance of unifying national front in current battlefields for facing Houthi coup against the state.

http://en.26sepnews.net/2020/02/12/vice-president-stresses-unifying-national-front-against-houthi-coup/

(A P)

# STC Defeats Houthis

Activists and politicians launched on Wednesday, a social media campaign using the hashtag (# Southern Transitional Council Defeats Houthis) to express their full support for the STC in its fight against both the Iranian-backed Houthi putschist militias and the terrorist groups of the Islah Party, Yemen's Muslim Brotherhood within the legitimacy [Hadi gov.].

http://en.adenpress.news/news/18402

and also https://en.smanews.org/after-brotherhood-hindered-implementation-of-riyadh-agreement-activists-launch-hashtag-southerners_want_their_state

(A P)

Spokesman for Coalition Forces confirms adherence to provisions and rules of international humanitarian law and accountability of violators of rules of engagement

Colonel Turki al-Maliki, the Spokesman for the Coalition Forces for the Support of Legitimacy in Yemen, affirmed the force's commitment to the provisions and rules of international humanitarian law and the accountability of violators of the rules of engagement and violators of international humanitarian law.
Al-Maliki said during a joint press session with the Saudi Ambassador to Yemen and General Supervisor of the Saudi Program for the Development and Reconstruction of Yemen Mohammad bin Saeed Al Jaber here today, that the joint command of the coalition referred files of the results of investigations of incidents of presence of a mistake and violation of the rules of engagement to the concerned countries, indicating that the files include documents and evidence to complete the formalities on accountability.

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2034044

(A P)

Saudi Ambassador to Yemen affirms continued support for Yemen's to reach comprehensive political solution according to three references

The Saudi Ambassador to Yemen and General Supervisor of the Saudi Program for the Development and Reconstruction of Yemen, Mohammad bin Saeed Al Jaber, confirmed that the continued support by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for Yemen and the efforts of the UN envoy to implement the Stockholm Agreement and the efforts made to reach a comprehensive political solution in Yemen according to the three references.

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2034053

(A P)

Speaking on Monday during a visit to the UK, Saudi Arabia’s ambassador to Yemen, Mohammed Al-Jaber, said there is a lot of misunderstanding and miscommunication among the British public about Saudi efforts to support Yemen and restore the country’s government, security and stability.

He said the Kingdom is also supporting Yemen through humanitarian operations, and economic aid and development.

“We would like to explain our facts on the ground to the people of the UK,” Al-Jaber told Arab News.

The ambassador, along with Al-Maliki and delegations from the King Salman Humanitarian and Relief Center and the Saudi Development and Reconstruction Program for Yemen, are visiting the UK to highlight the work of the Kingdom and the coalition in Yemen.

https://www.arabnews.com/node/1627066/saudi-arabia

(A P)

[Hadi] Government demands UN investigation on stolen public funds

The Yemeni Minister of Information, Muammar Al-Eryani, demanded on Wednesday the United Nations (UN) Panel of Experts to investigate fate of Yemen’s stolen public funds that the Houthis looted from the Central Bank of Yemen (CBY) following their seizure of the capital Sana’a in late 2014.

The stolen funds include foreign cash reserves and billions of the local currency, Al-Eryani said.

He indicated that during the same period, the Houthis have also looted money of the Public Pension Fund.

At present, the Houthis continue stealing the public revenues from tax and customs collection and Zakat (alms), Al-Eryani said.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-37822

and also https://aawsat.com/english/home/article/2129701/yemen-calls-un-probe-fund-looting

My comment: This is rather odd as the Houthis had formed a government (whether it’s good governance or not), and as every government it controls the central bank according to its regulations, and consumes the taxes and other duties like Zakat. There is no “looting”.

(A P)

SDRPY hebt saudische Entwicklungsbemühungen im Jemen mit einer Ausstellung in London hervor

Die saudische Botschaft in Großbritannien eröffnete eine Ausstellung des SDRPY, die saudische Entwicklungsprojekte und -initiativen im Jemen präsentiert. Das Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Centre (KSrelief) beteiligt sich mit einer begleitenden Ausstellung, um die humanitären Bemühungen des Königreichs vorzustellen

https://www.finanznachrichten.de/nachrichten-2020-02/48828900-sdrpy-hebt-saudische-entwicklungsbemuehungen-im-jemen-mit-einer-ausstellung-in-london-hervor-006.htm = https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/sdrpy-hebt-saudische-entwicklungsbemuhungen-im-jemen-mit-einer-ausstellung-in-london-hervor-853146744.html

(A P)

SDRPY Highlights Saudi Arabia's Development Efforts in Yemen at London Exhibition

The Saudi Embassy in the UK inaugurated a SDRPY exhibition highlighting Saudi development projects and initiatives in Yemen. The King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Centre (KSrelief) participated in an accompanying exhibition presenting the humanitarian efforts of the Kingdom.

https://finance.yahoo.com/news/sdrpy-highlights-saudi-arabias-development-195700588.html = https://www.finanznachrichten.de/nachrichten-2020-02/48826896-sdrpy-highlights-saudi-arabia-s-development-efforts-in-yemen-at-london-exhibition-008.htm

(A P)

Is a free meal & Yemeni hospitality is all that is needed for journalists to turn a blind eye on #Iran-backed Houthi's crimes? Most Yemeni journalists I know are in Houthi jails or out of #Yemen. Only westerners who report favorably on Houthis can visit Yemen's North.

https://twitter.com/YemeniFatima/status/1227256665118040064

referring to

Please watch footage of the BBC's visit to the Sana'a International Airport in the Republic of Yemen on January 26, 2020 accompanied by a member of the Supreme Political Council, Muhammad Ali al-Houthi.

https://twitter.com/40_Ronda/status/1225557208903147521

cp16 Saudische Luftangriffe / Saudi air raids

(A K pH)

US-Saudi Aggression has made a new military violation of Hodeidah Agreement , targeting a water project in Kilo-16 area with an airstrike.

https://english.almasirah.net/details.php?es_id=11180

(A K P)

Four Hezbollah experts killed in Yemen by coalition strikes: Sources

Four experts from the Lebanese Hezbollah group were killed in Arab Coalition airstrikes last week in separate locations east of the Yemeni capital of Sanaa, military sources have confirmed.

Sources close to the Houthi militia indicated that the four experts were two Lebanese and two Iraqi men working with Hezbollah.

The two Lebanese men were Ashraf Nasruddin, who was killed in the Majzar area, north of Marib, and Tayseer al-Majdulani, who was killed in al-Matoon area, southwest of al-Jawf.

The two Iraqi men were identified as Hussein al-Nuhaili and Mohammed Khaled al-Janabi, both killed in or near the mountainous regions of Nihm.

The sources confirmed that Houthi leadership informed Hezbollah of the experts’ deaths and that they had been buried in Sanaa.

Speaking to Al Arabiya’s sister channel Al Hadath, a spokesperson of the internationally recognized government of Yemen said there has been a marked increase in Hezbollah activities

https://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/gulf/2020/02/12/Four-Hezbollah-experts-killed-in-Yemen-by-coalition-strikes-Sources.html

My remark: As claimed by the Saudis.

(* A K P)

Jemen-Krieg: Saudi-angeführte Koalitionsstreitkräfte werden wegen Verstößen vor Gericht gestellt

Die von Saudi-Arabien angeführte Koalition, die im Jemen kämpft, hat Gerichtsverfahren gegen Militärangehörige eingeleitet, die des Verstoßes gegen das humanitäre Völkerrecht verdächtigt werden.

Der Sprecher Col Turki al-Maliki sagte, die Urteile in den nicht näher bezeichneten Fällen würden bekannt gegeben, sobald sie erreicht seien.

UN-Experten sagten, die Koalition könnte für Kriegsverbrechen verantwortlich sein.

Sie äußerten sich auch besorgt über die Unabhängigkeit der von der Koalition eingesetzten Einheit zur Überprüfung mutmaßlicher Verstöße.

https://www.de24.news/2020/02/jemen-krieg-saudi-angefuehrte-koalitionsstreitkraefte-werden-wegen-verstoessen-vor-gericht-gestellt.html

(* A K P)

Saudi-led coalition starts courts martial against Yemen strikes air crews

Proceedings over breaches of international law are first such cases of their kind

The Saudi-led coalition fighting Houthi rebels in Yemen has commenced court martial proceedings against air crew in relation to breaches of international humanitarian law, in the first such case of its kind.

“The coalition affirms its commitment to rules and provisions of international humanitarian law and holds violators of IHL, if there be any, accountable in accordance with the regulations of each coalition state,” a coalition spokesman said at a news briefing in London.

The case relates to the conduct of three airstrikes. The first was an attack on a hospital supported by the French health charity Médicins Sans Frontières on 15 August 2016. Sixteen people died, according to MSF. At the time the Saudi coalition said an error had occurred, but MSF said coordinates for the Abs hospital had been given to the coalition five days prior to the attack.

The second was a strike on a wedding ceremony in Bani Qayis in April 2018 that left 20 dead and many more injured. The Saudis initially defended the strike, which used a US missile, saying it believed a foreign ballistic expert was present with a well known Houthi leader.

Subsequently the coalition’s joint incident action team found that an error had occurred breaching rules of engagement, and recommended some form of punitive action.

The third incident was a strike in August 2018 on a civilian bus in Dahyan that left more than 40 schoolchildren dead, most of them aged under 10.

The JIAT claims to have conducted 182 investigations of specific incidents, and found breaches of rules in 22 cases.

Although the admissions, and reports of judicial action, represent a change of policy stance by the Saudis, Riyadh’s critics will point to the length of time such investigations are taking and will await reports of actual punitive action against named officers. Compensation to some of the victims of the incidents has already been made.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/feb/12/saudi-led-coalition-starts-courts-martial-against-yemen-strikes-air-crew

and by a Saudi source:

(* A K P)

Arab coalition in Yemen refers three airstrike incidents to judicial authorities

The Arab coalition fighting to restore the Yemeni government has referred to judicial authorities several cases in which the operations violated international humanitarian law.

The investigative procedures, including documents and evidence, have been sent to coalition member nations to ensure those responsible are held accountable, said coalition spokesman Col. Turki Al-Maliki.

“The coalition affirms its commitment to the rules and provisions of international humanitarian law and holds violators…accountable in accordance with the regulations of each coalition state,” Al-Maliki added.

The incidents include a strike in August 2016 on a hospital that works with Doctors Without Borders, in which 16 people were killed, and an attack in 2018 on a wedding ceremony in Bani Qayis that left 20 dead. A third incident, also in 2018, involved an airstrike on a bus in Dahyan that killed more than 40 schoolchildren.

The Joint Incident Assessment Team, an investigative body set up by the coalition, has referred 182 cases to judicial authorities and discovered breaches of rules in 22 investigations.

https://www.arabnews.com/node/1627066/saudi-arabia

My comment: This will be like the Khashoggi trial. Those really responsible aren’t the air crews but the political leadership, with the crown prince on top. What the Saudi spokesman tells smells like propaganda: https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2034044

And thread by Kristine Beckerle, HRW:

(* A K P)

New: Claim to refer mil personnel to court. Current A+R status: Occasional performance of virtue, tailored to deflect action; More often, reality: Woeful lack of progress on coalition or Houthi side. Needed: Support for Yemeni vision for holistic justice.

On coalition claim: *In need of much more info to assess import* (and even how "new" it really is). Some questions I'd ask:

Q1: Which countries? Q1 background: JIAT (coalition investigative mechanism) has only publicly blamed *#Yemen-i* mil personnel for errors (often citing bad intel).

Q1 background cont: [So, Saudi, UAE, Sudan, Egypt -- all certainly involved in fighting -- be it air, land or sea -- at one point or another -- not named, not mentioned].

Q1 background cont: *Years ago*, post- October 2016 Great Hall attack, #Yemen-i National Commission on Human Rights reported that Yemeni mil. personnel* had been referred to Yemeni military courts.

Q2: Why now, why these strikes? Q2 background: Guardian reported claim referred to 3 airstrikes -- MSF 2016; Dhahyan bus + Bani Qays wedding 2018. Worth noting: All 3 strikes *highly* publicized, and all 3 reported to involve #US weapons.

Q3: How can we trust these efforts to be credible, given coalition's track record on related issues?

Q3 background: Coalition spox affirmed: "commitment to accountability of violators" of RoEs + IHL. Declaration of IHL relevance + coalition role in investigating + enforcing = very good thing. But. After 5 years of this show, we should have a sense of the plot.

https://twitter.com/K_Beckerle/status/1227871019815374849

Comment by Afrah Nasser: Include this question: how does a perpetrator take itself to account for its crimes?

https://twitter.com/Afrahnasser/status/1227881808408305664

(A K pH)

More Saudi coalition air raids:

Feb. 13: https://english.almasirah.net/details.php?es_id=11179 Saada p., Jawf p.

Feb. 12: https://english.almasirah.net/details.php?es_id=11173 / https://www.saba.ye/de/news3087591.htm Saada p., Jawf p., Al Dhalea p., Marib p.

Feb. 12: https://www.saba.ye/de/news3087547.htm Al Dhalea p.

Feb. 11: https://www.saba.ye/en/news3087482.htm / https://www.saba.ye/de/news3087490.htm Marib p., Jawf p.

Feb. 10: https://www.saba.ye/de/news3087488.htm Sanaa p., Saada p., Marib p., Jawf p.

cp17 Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

Siehe / Look at cp1b

(A K pH)

The flights are struggling. Planes are going back and forth, but unable to land on King Abdulaziz International Airport in Jazan.! I think some Yemeni drones are interrupting their landing, aren't they?!

https://twitter.com/LongLiveYemen/status/1228067984691912708

https://twitter.com/A7medJa7af/status/1228058080010698752

https://twitter.com/A7medJa7af/status/1228066405783920643

https://twitter.com/A7medJa7af/status/1228057303041167361

(A K pS)

[Hadi gov.] Yemen Army foils Houthi attempt to take over Taiz

Dozens of Houthi militants have been killed in Yemen’s southern city of Taiz as the Iran-backed militias push to break army’s lines of defenses and to reimpose their siege on the city, an army spokesperson told Arab News on Wednesday.

Col. Abdul Basit Al-Baher said attacks on government forces on all fronts around the city had escalated in an attempt to make a major breakthrough.

https://www.arabnews.com/node/1627451/middle-east

(A K)

Saudi-led coalition forces and al Houthi militants clashed in Yemen’s northern governorates of Ma’rib and al Jawf on February 13. The coalition launched airstrikes on al Houthi militants in Majzar district in Ma’rib governorate. Hadi government forces clashed with al Houthi militants in al Jawf governorate. The al Houthi movement confirmed the death of six military commanders caused by the clashes.[2]

https://www.criticalthreats.org/briefs/gulf-of-aden-security-review/gulf-of-aden-security-review-february-13-2020

(A K pS)

KSrelief Project "Masam" Dismantles 1,865 Mines in first week of February

King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center's project for clearing mines (Masam) in Yemen demined 1,865 mines during the first week of February 2020, including 11 antipersonnel mines, 360 anti-tank, 1,493 unexploded ordnance, and one explosive device.

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2033921

(A K pH)

Two men sustained injuries after Saudi forces launched a barrage of artillery rounds at residential areas in the Al-Dhaher district of the northwestern Yemeni province of Sa’adah,

https://english.almasirah.net/details.php?es_id=11162

(A K)

Houthi missile attack kills 3 gov't soldiers in southern Yemen

A missile attack was carried out by the Houthi rebels against a government army base in Yemen's southern province of Abyan on Tuesday, killing 3 soldiers and injuring 15 others, a security official told Xinhua.

"The Houthi rebels fired a ballistic missile against the Amajed army base located in the district of Lawdar, northeast of Abyan, causing a huge explosion in the area," the local security source said on condition of anonymity.

The security source said that "initial information indicated that around 3 soldiers were killed and nearly 15 others injured as a result of the Houthi attack."

http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-02/12/c_138775335.htm

and by a pro-Houthi news site:
(*A K pH)

Military camp in central Yemen attacked by missiles

Unknown assailants attack Al-Amajd camp in Abyan

Powerful explosions have rocked the Al-Amajd military camp in the city of Lawder, located in the central Yemeni region of Abyan province on Wednesday afternoon, local sources said.

According to the sources, two powerful explosions rocked the city as result of missile attack on the Al-Majid camp, which is led by Saleh al-Shajari, firdd from the mountain of Thra’a overlooking the city.

More than 30 soldiers were killed and wounded in the attack. No party has claimed the responsibility the attack so far.

https://www.uprising.today/military-camp-in-central-yemen-attacked-by-missiles/

(A K pS)

New Houthis attack wounds civilians in Marib

A number of civilians were injured on Monday in Marib by a new Houthis’ attack targeted a residential quarter in the city, local sources said.

Local sources told the Alsahwa Net that the Houthis fired a missile that landed in Al-Rawdha area, north of the city.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-37808

(A K pH)

New video footage of Operation Al-Bunyan Al-Marsous released

Massive Yemeni victory showed in newly released video material

The military media unit of the Yemeni army has on Tuesday released video footage showing the army forces launching offensives against sites of the Saudi-led coalition in Jawf province.

The videos were made during Operation Al-Bunyan Al-Marsous, in which the Yemeni army and Popular Committees were able to liberate the whole region of Nihm in addition to some areas in Ma’rib and Jawf provinces.

https://www.uprising.today/new-video-footage-of-operation-al-bunyan-al-marsous-released/

Film: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=axTuCUGWLGc

(A K pH)

Jemen: In weniger als einer Woche dritte saudische Spionagedrohne abgeschossen

https://parstoday.com/de/news/middle_east-i50853-jemen_in_weniger_als_einer_woche_dritte_saudische_spionagedrohne_abgeschossen

(A K pH)

Aggression forces' spy plane downed off Jizan

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3087460.htm

cp18 Sonstiges / Other

(A H)

Mobile blast in mouth injure Yemen youth, gets fresh lease of life with facial reconstruction surgery in India

A 26-year-old youth from Yemen, Saad-Ul- Haq (name changed) has received a fresh lease of life by getting his normal face back through a rare reconstructive surgery, performed by a team of Indian doctors.

A few months back, Saad's face and mouth was left completely disfigured after a mobile blasted in his mouth which he had held between his teeth while doing some work.

https://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ani/mobile-blast-in-mouth-injure-yemen-youth-gets-fresh-lease-of-life-with-facial-reconstruction-surgery-in-india-120021300951_1.html

(* C)

Photos: Wie der Jemen einmal war - durch die Linse einer Schweizerin

Die Schweizer Fotojournalistin Monique Jacot wagte es dennoch und bereiste in den 1980er-Jahren wiederholt das Land. Durch ihre Kamera sehen wir Architektur, Kultur und die unterschiedlichen Facetten des alltäglichen Lebens. Ihre Arbeit über den Jemen ist noch bis zum 1. März in der Kantons- und Universitätsbibliothek Lausanne zu sehen.

Monique Jacot wollte ursprünglich einfach die Architektur im Jemen entdecken, wie man es als Tourist macht. "Ich habe mich jedoch sofort in das Land verliebt", erklärt sie in einem Interview im Rahmen ihrer Ausstellung in Lausanne.

Die heute 85-jährige Fotografin ist über 10 Jahre durch den Jemen gereist und hat eine grosse Menge an Fotos aufgenommen. Diese machen heute, wegen des Krieges im Land, sowohl Jacot als auch die Jemeniten gleichzeitig nostalgisch und traurig. Sanaa, Tihama, Hadramaut, Ma'rib, Taizz, Schibam, Zabid, Ibb und Sa'dah, Jacot hat im Jemen Wüste und Felsen fotografiert, nicht nur Häuser und Menschen.

http://www.swissinfo.ch/ger/fotografie_wie-der-jemen-einmal-war---durch-die-linse-einer-schweizerin/45542658

et en Francais: https://www.swissinfo.ch/fre/photographie_quand-le-y%C3%A9men-ressemblait-encore-%C3%A0-l-arabie-heureuse/45544618

(* B D)

Heuschrecken-Plage in Ostafrika: Jetzt hilft nur noch Gift

Kenia, Somalia, Uganda und Äthiopien leiden derzeit massiv unter einer Heuschreckenplage. Man hätte viel früher anfangen müssen, die Plage zu bekämpfen, sagt der Biologe Axel Hochkirch. Nun sei nur noch ein großflächiger Einsatz von Gift möglich.

Hochkirch: Normalerweise muss man natürlich viel früher anfangen, als das jetzt geschehen ist, das heißt, wenn man merkt, dass es zu solchen Massenvermehrungen kommt, dann kann man das Ganze eigentlich schon im Anfang ersticken.

Das war allerdings bei dieser Plage jetzt nicht möglich. Das ging eigentlich schon 2018 im Jemen los. Weil dort momentan auch Krieg herrscht, war natürlich die Bekämpfung nicht möglich – die ganze Ausrüstung vom Jemen ist zerstört worden, um Heuschrecken zu bekämpfen.

So hat sich das Ganze natürlich exponentiell vervielfacht, das Problem, und das Einzige, was die dortigen Staaten jetzt noch machen können, ist wirklich großflächig Gifte einzusetzen, um die Heuschrecken zu bekämpfen.

https://www.deutschlandfunkkultur.de/heuschrecken-plage-in-ostafrika-jetzt-hilft-nur-noch-gift.1008.de.html?dram:article_id=470090

(-)

Photos: This morning comes from the beautiful #Shabwa governorate. Many people don't even imagine the beauty of this place and generosity of its people. This governorate has a lot to offer if peace is maintained.

https://twitter.com/HanaalShowafi/status/1227130548574990336

Vorige / Previous:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-623-yemen-war-mosaic-623

Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 1-623 / Yemen War Mosaic 1-623:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose oder / or http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

Der saudische Luftkrieg im Bild / Saudi aerial war images:

(18 +, Nichts für Sensible!) / (18 +; Graphic!)

http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

http://yemenwarcrimes.blogspot.de/

http://www.yemenwar.info/

Liste aller Luftangriffe / and list of all air raids:

http://yemendataproject.org/data/

Untersuchung ausgewählter Luftangriffe durch Bellingcat / Bellingcat investigations of selected air raids:

https://yemen.bellingcat.com/

Untersuchungen von Angriffen, hunderte von Filmen / Investigations of attacks, hundreds of films:

https://yemeniarchive.org/en

20:06 14.02.2020
Dieser Beitrag gibt die Meinung des Autors wieder, nicht notwendigerweise die der Redaktion des Freitag.
Geschrieben von

Dietrich Klose

Vielfältig interessiert am aktuellen Geschehen, zur Zeit besonders: Ukraine, Russland, Jemen, Rolle der USA, Neoliberalismus, Ausbeutung der 3. Welt
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Dietrich Klose

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