Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 656b- Yemen War Mosaic 656b

Yemen Press Reader 656b: 4. Juni 2020: Fortsetzung von Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 656, cp3 - cp4, cp13a - cp18 / June 4, 2020: Sequel to Yemen War Mosaic 656, cp3 - cp4, cp13a - cp18
Bei diesem Beitrag handelt es sich um ein Blog aus der Freitag-Community

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

Dies ist die Fortsetzung von Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 656, Teil 1 / This is the sequel of Yemen War Mosaic 656, part 1:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-656-yemen-war-mosaic-656

Schwerpunkte / Key aspects

Kursiv: Siehe Teil 1 / In Italics: Look in part 1

Klassifizierung / Classification

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Coronavirus und Seuchen / Most important: Coronavirus and epidemics

cp1b Am wichtigsten: Kampf um Hodeidah / Most important: Hodeidah battle

cp1c Am wichtigsten: Waffenstillstand und Friedensangebot / Most important: ceasefire and peace offer

cp2 Allgemein / General

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

cp6 Separatisten und Hadi-Regierung im Südjemen / Separatists and Hadi government in Southern Yemen

cp7 UNO und Friedensgespräche / UN and peace talks

cp8 Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

cp8a Jamal Khashoggi

cp9 USA

cp9a USA-Iran Krise: Spannungen am Golf / US-Iran crisis: Tensions at the Gulf

cp10 Großbritannien / Great Britain

cp12 Andere Länder / Other countries

cp12a Katar-Krise / Qatar crisis

cp12b Sudan

cp13a Waffenhandel / Arms Trade

cp13b Wirtschaft / Economy

cp14 Terrorismus / Terrorism

cp15 Propaganda

cp16 Saudische Luftangriffe / Saudi air raids

cp17 Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

cp18 Sonstiges / Other

Klassifizierung / Classification

***

**

*

(Kein Stern / No star)

? = Keine Einschatzung / No rating

A = Aktuell / Current news

B = Hintergrund / Background

C = Chronik / Chronicle

D = Details

E = Wirtschaft / Economy

H = Humanitäre Fragen / Humanitarian questions

K = Krieg / War

P = Politik / Politics

pH = Pro-Houthi

pS = Pro-Saudi

T = Terrorismus / Terrorism

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

(* A H P)

Als der UN-Nothilfekoordinator Mark Lowcock die Ergebnisse einer neuen Geberkonferenz vom Dienstagabend kommentierte, sagte er, der Jemen stehe vor einer „makabren Tragödie“. Das Land werde ein „schreckliches“ Jahresende erleben, sollte nicht noch mehr Geld zusammenkommen. Es seien 1,35 Milliarden Dollar zugesagt worden, etwa die Hälfte dessen, was auf der Konferenz im vergangenen Jahr zusammengekommen sei. „Bitte zahlen Sie sofort – es wird den Unterschied zwischen Leben und Tod bedeuten“, appellierte er an die Geber. Lowcock hatte die Konferenz zum Test dafür erhoben, „ob die Welt bereit ist, den Jemen von der Klippe fallen zu sehen“.

https://www.faz.net/2.1677/vereinte-nationen-warnen-vor-massensterben-im-jemen-16798980.html

(* A H P)

Geberkonferenz für den Jemen: UN-Hilfsprogrammen droht das Aus

"Wir dürfen keine Zeit verlieren", warnt UN-Chef Guterres: Weil Spenden fehlen, könnte 30 Hilfsprogrammen im Jemen bald das Geld ausgehen. Deutschland will 125 Millionen Euro bereitstellen. Hilfsorganisationen geht das nicht weit genug.

Wegen ausbleibender Spendengelder droht 30 der 41 wichtigsten UN-Hilfsprogramme im Jemen in wenigen Wochen das Aus. "Wir hatten noch nie so wenig Geld für Hilfseinsätze im Jemen zu diesem Zeitpunkt im Jahr", sagte UN-Generalsekretär António Guterres zum Auftakt einer virtuellen Geberkonferenz für den Jemen, zu der die Vereinten Nationen gemeinsam mit Saudi-Arabien eingeladen haben.

Guterres rief zu einer landesweiten Waffenruhe im Jemen und zur Solidarität mit den Menschen in dem arabischen Land auf. "Wir dürfen keine Zeit verlieren", sagte er.

Die UN benötigen für die kommenden sieben Monate 2,4 Milliarden US-Dollar für die Jemen-Hilfe, auch für Programme zur Eindämmung des Coronavirus. Bisher sind erst 15 Prozent davon finanziert.

"Der Jemen steht an der Klippe einer Katastrophe historischen Ausmaßes", warnte der UN-Nothilfekoordinator Mark Lowcock

Der Staatsminister im Auswärtigen Amt, Niels Annen, kündigte an, dass Deutschland für die humanitäre Hilfe im Jemen im Rahmen eines UN-Plans in diesem Jahr 125 Millionen Euro bereitstelle. Im vergangenen Jahr waren es 100 Millionen Euro. Darüber hinaus gebe das Entwicklungsministerium nach eigenen Angaben 70 Millionen Euro für weitere Unterstützungsmaßnahmen aus, berichtete die Nachrichtenagentur epd.

Die Präsidentin der Diakonie Katastrophenhife, Cornelia Füllkrug-Weitzel, kritisierte jedoch eine zu passive Haltung Deutschlands und der EU: "Wieso haben es weder Deutschland noch die EU geschafft, in Kooperation mit den UN eine Geberkonferenz einzuberufen?", fragte sie. "Stattdessen haben sie das Feld Saudi-Arabien überlassen - einer wesentlichen Kriegspartei im Jemen."

Auch die Hilfsorganisation Ärzte ohne Grenzen forderte mehr Geld für die Bezahlung der Mitarbeiter im Gesundheitswesen, Schutzausrüstung sowie Beatmungsgeräte. Die Umweltorganisation Greenpeace kritisierte die Rolle Deutschlands ebenfalls

https://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/geberkonferenz-jemen-107.html

und ähnlich https://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/geberkonferenz-jemen-109.html

https://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/jemen-uno-geberkonferenz-sammelt-1-2-milliarden-euro-fuer-hilfsprogramme-a-1d545f47-66fc-4b7a-8f52-466281109241

https://www.n-tv.de/politik/Nirgendwo-ist-es-schlimmer-als-im-Jemen-article21820475.html

https://www.tagesspiegel.de/politik/kaempfe-hunger-und-corona-im-jemen-so-soll-das-aermste-land-der-arabischen-welt-vor-dem-zusammenbruch-bewahrt-werden/25881524.html

(* A H P)

Jemen am Abgrund: Diesen Krieg kann keiner gewinnen

Ausgerechnet in dieser kritischen Situation geht 31 von 41 Hilfsprogrammen der Vereinten Nationen das Geld aus. Mindestens 1,6 Milliarden Dollar seien nötig, um katastrophale Einschnitte bei der Hilfe zu verhindern und Millionen von Menschen vor dem Hungertod zu bewahren, schätzt Lise Grande, die Koordinatorin der UN-Hilfe für den Jemen. Nachdem diese Mindestsumme nicht erreicht wurde, richten sich alle Augen jetzt auf Saudi-Arabien, das in diesem vergessenen Konflikt einerseits als Wohltäter auftreten will, zugleich aber eine Hauptrolle im Krieg spielt. Menschenrechtler warnen nicht ohne Grund, die Regierung in Riad wolle sich mit ihren Millionenhilfen eine Art Persilschein ausstellen.

Rücksicht auf die Menschen nimmt niemand.

https://www.augsburger-allgemeine.de/politik/Jemen-am-Abgrund-Diesen-Krieg-kann-keiner-gewinnen-id57492971.html

(* A H P)

Deutschland gibt fast 200 Millionen Euro für den Jemen

Hunger, Krankheiten und ein Bürgerkrieg: Die humanitäre Lage im Jemen ist katastrophal. Die Vereinten Nationen und Saudi-Arabien, das selbst an dem Krieg beteiligt ist, luden zu einer Geberkonferenz.

Die Vereinten Nationen benötigen für die kommenden sieben Monate 2,4 Milliarden US-Dollar (2,16 Milliarden Euro) für das Land. Insgesamt kam bei der Konferenz etwa die Hälfte der Summe zusammen. Wegen ausbleibender Spendengelder droht wichtigen UN-Hilfsprogrammen das Aus. "Wir hatten noch nie so wenig Geld für Hilfseinsätze im Jemen zu diesem Zeitpunkt im Jahr", beklagte Guterres. Allein dieses Jahr sind 110.000 Menschen an Cholera erkrankt, dazu kommen Malaria und Dengue-Fieber. Mit der Ausbreitung des Coronavirus hat sich die Lage zusätzlich verschärft.

Deutschland will insgesamt fast 200 Millionen Euro beisteuern. Nach Angaben des Auswärtigen Amts sollen für das laufende Jahr 125 Millionen Euro für humanitäre Hilfe bereitgestellt werden. Darüber hinaus gibt das Entwicklungsministerium weitere 70 Millionen Euro für Unterstützungsmaßnahmen.

Gelder für Wasser- und sanitäre Versorgung

Die Gelder fließen in die Bereiche Nahrungsmittelnothilfe, Gesundheitsversorgung sowie Wasser- und sanitäre Versorgung. Ein Sprecher des Entwicklungsministeriums nannte zudem Corona-Sofortmaßnahmen wie Schulspeisungen und die Wiederherstellung zerstörter Krankenhäuser.

https://www.dw.com/de/deutschland-gibt-fast-200-millionen-euro-für-den-jemen/a-53661061?maca=de-rss-de-top-1016-rdf

und auch https://www.aerzteblatt.de/nachrichten/113451/UN-Chef-30-Hilfsprogrammen-im-Jemen-droht-das-Aus

https://parstoday.com/de/news/middle_east-i52214-un_hilfsprogrammen_im_jemen_droht_das_aus

und das AA: https://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/de/aussenpolitik/laender/jemen-node/virtuelle-geberkonferenz-jemen/2346436

(* A H P)

Kommentar zur Jemen-Geberkonferenz in Saudi-Arabien

Das Ergebnis der Jemen-Geberkonferenz in Saudi-Arabien ist peinlich und heuchlerisch zugleich. Das Peinliche ist die Summe.

Wenn man also das Peinliche und das Heuchlerische zusammenzählt, kommt man zu dem, was die Geberkonferenz wirklich war: eine Farce. Und ein Versuch der Länder, die mit ihrer imperialistischen Politik Zehntausende in den Tod reißen, sich dennoch als "die Guten" zu inszenieren.

https://news.feed-reader.net/ots/4613466/neues-deutschland-kommentar-zur/

(* A H P)

Geberkonferenz für den Jemen:Verlogener geht es kaum

Mit Saudi-Arabien tritt bei der Konferenz für den Jemen ein Kriegsakteur als Mitveranstalter und Geldgeber auf.

Doch im Fall Jemen fehlen diese Gelder, weil die USA sowie Frankreich, Großbritannien und Deutschland gar nichts oder viel zu wenig beitragen. Just jene vier Mitglieder der westlichen Wertegemeinschaft, die Saudi-Arabien, Ägypten, die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate, Bahrein und andere Länder, die an der von Riad geführten Allianz im Jemenkrieg beteiligt sind, am stärksten mit Waffen und militärischer Ausbildung unterstützen. Mit einem Bruchteil der Summe, die das Regime in Riad in den letzten Jahren für Waffenkäufe im Westen ausgegeben hat, konnte es sich zum größten Spender für die humanitäre Jemenhilfe profilieren, womit OCHA wiederum die gemeinsame Einladung zur aktuellen Geberkonferenz zu rechtfertigen suchte.

Verlogener geht es kaum. Selbst wenn die angestrebte Summe von 2,4 Milliarden US-Dollar zusammenkommen sollte: Viel wichtiger wäre ein Waffenembargo gegen alle Kriegsakteure. Doch ein entsprechender Resolutionsantrag Russlands im UN-Sicherheitsrat wurde von den Westmächten abgelehnt.

https://taz.de/Geberkonferenz-fuer-den-Jemen/!5686267/

(* A H P)

Erst bomben, dann helfen

Eine UN-Konferenz sammelt Hilfsgelder für den Jemen. Ausgerechnet die Saudis, die das Nachbarland zerbombt haben, haben dazu eingeladen.

Für Lebensmittel, Medikamente und andere Hilfsgüter baten die UN am Dienstag um Zusagen in Höhe von rund 2,4 Milliarden US-Dollar von den internationalen Geldgebern. 180 Millionen davon würden speziell für den Kampf gegen das Coronavirus gebraucht.

Die Konferenz sei „ein alberner Versuch“, die eigenen Verbrechen zu beschönigen, teilte ein Sprecher der jemenitischen Huthi-Rebellen mit, gegen die Saudi-Arabien im Rahmen einer Militärkoalition mehrerer Staaten kämpft.

Die politische Analystin Maysaa Shuja al-Deen sagte dem Nachrichtensender Al Jazeera, Saudi-Arabien würde mit der Konferenz versuchen, das eigene Bild aufzupolieren. Das Land habe „schon immer versucht, das Narrativ des Kriegs zu ändern und sich selbst als Unterstützer der legitimen Regierung statt als Teil des Konfliktes zu präsentieren“.

Dass die Saudis nun gemeinsam mit den UN die Hilfskonferenz ausrichten durften, verteidigte UN-Nothilfekoordinator Mark Lowcock im Vorfeld. Das Königreich sei ein wichtiger Geldgeber und die UN würden die Kriegsparteien weiterhin für „Aktionen, die sie nicht tun sollten“, anprangern.

https://taz.de/Geberkonferenz-fuer-Jemen/!5686273/

(A H P)

"Im Würgegriff von Krieg, Hunger und Covid-19": Internationale Konferenz will Jemen helfen

Über zwei Milliarden US-Dollar wollen die Vereinten Nationen (UN) am Dienstag auf einer Geberkonferenz für das Krisenland Jemen sammeln. Auch die Kriegspartei Saudi-Arabien nimmt an dem Online-Treffen teil, was Kritiker auf den Plan ruft. Nur einer der Gründe für die Konferenz: Im Jemen breitet sich das Coronavirus weiter aus.

Die UNO verteidigt laut Medienberichte die Zusammenarbeit mit den Saudis bei der Geberkonferenz, obwohl das Königreich an dem Krieg im Jemen beteiligt ist

Der Aggressor und Kriegstreiber „Saudi-Arabien will sich jetzt als Helfer im Jemen inszenieren“, kritisiert Politologe Said AlDailami, selbst im Jemen geboren, in einem aktuellen Interview für das „Inforadio“ des „RBB“.

https://de.sputniknews.com/ausland/20200602327271757-jemen-hilfe-geberkonferenz/

(* A H P)

Verzweifelter Appell

Das Coronavirus erreicht das Bürgerkriegsland - und humanitären Helfern in Jemen droht das Geld auszugehen. Nun soll eine Geberkonferenz "katastrophale Einsparungen" verhindern.

"Wir stehen vor dem Zusammenbruch unserer Programme, wenn wir nicht bald zusätzliches Geld bekommen", warnte jüngst Charlie Yaxley, Sprecher des UN-Flüchtlingshilfswerks. Von den laut UN im laufenden Jahr benötigten 3,5 Milliarden Dollar sind bislang erst 474 Millionen eingegangen, weniger als 15 Prozent. Die Lage in Jemen könne "außer Kontrolle geraten", warnte seine Kollegin Elizabeth Byrs vom Welternährungsprogramm WFP. Die Organisation musste die Lebensmittelrationen bereits halbieren, die Millionen Jemeniten bislang vor dem Verhungern bewahrten. Die von den UN finanzierten Gesundheitsdienste mussten in 189 der 369 Krankenhäuser landesweit verringert werden.

Abhilfe soll eine Geberkonferenz schaffen, virtuell ausgerichtet von den Vereinten Nationen und Saudi-Arabien. Dabei sollten am Dienstag 2,4 Milliarden Dollar gesammelt werden. Wenn es weniger als 1,6 Milliarden sein sollten, werde das "katastrophale Einsparungen" nach sich ziehen, warnte die UN-Nothilfekoordinatorin Lise Grande. "Wir werden dann nicht mehr die Lebensmittel bereitstellen können, die die Menschen zum Überleben brauchen", sagte sie. Zwei Millionen Kinder werden dann akut vom Verhungern bedroht sein.

https://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/jemen-verzweifelter-appell-1.4924732

(* A H P)

Film: Geberkonferenz für den Jemen

Die Corona-Pandemie hat die Lage noch verschlimmert. Heute soll bei einer Geberkonferenz Geld zusammenkommen, um die Krise lindern. Gastgeber an der Seite der Vereinten Nationen ist Saudi-Arabien. Ein Land, das die jemenitische Regierung im Kampf gegen Rebellen unterstützt - und für die Lage dort mitverantwortlich ist.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MVxrGEfmDcg

(* A H K)

Film: Video: Jemen: Corona im Krieg

Die Corona-Pandemie macht die Not im Jemen größer als sie ohnehin schon ist – nach jahrelangem Bürgerkrieg und Hunger. Was kann jetzt helfen?

https://www.daserste.de/information/politik-weltgeschehen/mittagsmagazin/videos/jemen-corona-krieg-video-100.html

(* A H P)

Film: Geberkonferenz zur Pandemiebewältigung im Jemen

https://www.tagesschau.de/multimedia/video/video-710175.html

(* B H P)

"Saudi-Arabien will sich als Helfer im Jemen inszenieren"

Said AlDailami ist Leiter der Hanns-Seidel-Stiftung in Tunesien und hat ein Buch geschrieben mit dem Titel: "Jemen, der vergessene Krieg." Der Autor beschreibt die Lage im Jemen so: "Das Land ist im Würgegriff von Hunger, Krieg, Cholera und seit Kurzem eben Covid-19." Das Gesundheitssystem sei zusammengebrochen. Besonders betroffen seien dabei die Kinder, so AlDailami.

Dass ausgerechnet Saudi-Arabien eine Geber-Konferenz veranstaltet, sieht AlDailami kritisch. "Saudi-Arabien liegt nichts ferner als das Wohl der jemenitischen Bevölkerung." Mit der Einladung verfolge das Land verschiedene Ziele. So suche Saudi-Arabien etwa nach einer Exitstrategie aus dem Jemen und wolle sich als Helfer inszenieren. Außerdem hätte das Land als größter Mittelgeber weiter die Kontrolle über das Land, so der Leiter der Hanns-Seidel-Stiftung in Tunesien.

https://www.inforadio.de/programm/schema/sendungen/int/202006/02/jemen-humanitaere-lage-corona-geberkonferenz.html

(* A H P)

Die Welt hat die Jemeniten im Stich gelassen

Geberkonferenz zum Jemen: Die drastische Reduzierung der zugesagten Mittel im Vergleich zu 2019 wird für die jemenitische Bevölkerung katastrophale Folgen haben, vor allem angesichts von COVID-19

Xavier Joubert, Landesdirektor von Save the Children im Jemen, kommentiert das Ergebnis der Konferenz:

Es ist äußerst enttäuschend zu sehen, dass die beteiligten Geber – mit Ausnahme einiger weniger Regierungen, die trotz der gegenwärtigen Umstände die Zusagen vom letzten Jahr einhielten – ihre Anstrengungen nicht verstärken konnten. Es geht hier um die Aufrechterhaltung wichtiger Programme, die das Überleben von Millionen jemenitischer Familien sichern könnten. Es fühlt sich an, als hätte die Welt den Jemen heute im Stich gelassen.

Wir hoffen, dass die Geber zusätzliche Zusagen machen werden und vertrauen auf die Fähigkeit der internationalen Nichtregierungsorganisationen, unter extrem schwierigen Bedingungen humanitäre Hilfe zu leisten.

Noch beschämender ist, dass auch die Kriegsparteien nicht ihren Beitrag leisten.

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/die-welt-hat-die-jemeniten-im-stich-gelassen

(* A H P)

Save the Children Statement: Today the world abandoned Yemenis in their darkest hour

The sharp reduction in funds pledged at today’s Virtual Yemen Pledging Conference compared to last year will be catastrophic for Yemeni people as they struggle to contain the coronavirus outbreak, warns Save the Children.

This year’s pledging conference raised 1.35 billion dollars, just half of the amount pledged at last year’s conference, which totalled 2.6 billion dollars. The aim for this year’s conference was 2.4 billion dollars, which included a 180 million dollar fund to fight COVID-19.

Xavier Joubert, Save the Children country director in Yemen, said:

“This conference was a crucial opportunity to ensure that life-saving aid would continue to reach the Yemeni population at a time when the country is in its darkest hour, facing continued violence, hunger, and now the COVID-19 outbreak, which they have to fight with a decimated health system.

“It is extremely disappointing to see that the involved donors, with the exception of few governments that equalled last year’s pledges despite the current circumstances, could not come together to step up their efforts to save critical programs that millions of Yemeni families depend on for their survival. It feels like the world abandoned Yemen today.

“We hope that donors will make additional commitments and trust INGOs in their capacity to deliver humanitarian assistance in extremely challenging conditions.

“What is even more shameful is that the warring parties are also failing to do their part.

https://www.savethechildren.org/us/about-us/media-and-news/2020-press-releases/virtual-pledge-yemen

(* A H P)

Yemen receives an unsatisfactory 1.35 billion USD in pledges – water, sanitation and hygiene are the highest priorities amidst COVID-19 crisis, says CARE

Given the current COVID-19 pandemic the water and sanitation hygiene (WASH) sector in Yemen has never been so in need as the virus spreads across the country at an alarming rate. A total of 20.5 million people are in need of water, hygiene items and sanitation services compared with 17.8 million people in 2019 – a 15 percent increase of 2.7 million people.

“The funds pledged by international donors today fall short of the requirements, and are a blow to the millions of Yemenis who depend on humanitarian aid for their lives and livelihoods,” says Aaron Brent, CARE Yemen Country Director. “We urgently need these pledges to be honoured. This will make the difference between life and death, especially those who lack the simplest of things – clean water and soap, which so many of us take for granted.”

More than two-thirds of Yemenis currently need support to meet their basic hygiene needs, a situation that has been exacerbated not only by COVID-19 but also by recent devastating flooding and a subsequent rise in water- and mosquito-borne diseases like cholera and malaria. Water infrastructure is operating at less than 5 percent efficiency; less than half of internally displaced people have access to soap & handwashing; and up to 65% of Yemenis lack adequate hygiene items.

“Yemen is already experiencing the worst humanitarian crisis in the world,” says Brent. “Every dollar that is not pledged towards providing the people of Yemen with fresh water, soap and hygiene materials puts their lives in danger. Hygiene, sanitation and water are the number one preventive measures for stopping the spread and contraction of COVID-19 and other communicable diseases. Without sufficient funding, the novel coronavirus will leave a trail of avoidable deaths across the country.”

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-receives-unsatisfactory-135-billion-usd-pledges-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-are

(* A H P)

UN: Yemen programs fighting virus might stop by end of June

The United Nations warned Wednesday its programs to fight the coronavirus and stave off starvation for hundreds of thousands of children in war-torn Yemen will be severely cut or stopped altogether by the end of the month unless donor countries provide an immediate injection of cash.

The U.N. sounded the alarm a day after its appeal for countries to fund emergency aid in the Arab world’s poorest nation fell a billion dollars short of what aid agencies needed — $2.41 billion — to cover essential programs from June to December.

Already, 75% of U.N. programs in Yemen, covering essentially every sector, from food to health care and nutrition, have had to shut their doors or reduce operations amid a shortage of funds. The World Food Program had to cut rations in half and U.N.-funded health services were reduced in 189 out of 369 hospitals nationwide.

Yemen has careened from one disaster to another in recent years, but aid groups warn the country of 30 million faces its darkest hour with the spread of the coronavirus. The country’s hospitals, which lack adequate electricity, protective gear for health workers, ventilators and other life-saving equipment, are simply not equipped to handle an outbreak of the virus.

Zoe Paxton, spokesperson for the U.N. humanitarian office, said if aid isn’t paid immediately, response teams working to contain the spread of the COVID-19 virus in Yemen “will likely close by the end of this month,” severely handicapping efforts to contain the coronavirus, which is spreading at an alarming rate throughout the country.

Saudi Arabia, which co-hosted this year’s U.N. pledging event, reiterated previous announcements made that it would pay half a billion dollars in aid for Yemen this year, $300 million of which will be funneled to the U.N. and related aid agencies. It is the largest amount pledged by any country.

However, U.N. tracking figures show the kingdom has paid just $16 million of that amount to the U.N. response plan so far this year.

The UAE announced no pledges of humanitarian aid for Yemen during the U.N. conference. The UAE says it has spent $37 million in overall aid for Yemen this year, and has plans to spend more.

When asked, the UAE’s Minister of State for International Cooperation, Reem Al-Hashimy, said the country has provided more than $6 billion in aid to Yemen since the start of the war. In May, the UAE sent 87 tons of medical supplies to Yemen, including 65 ventilators.

A key factor contributing to dwindling international funds is obstruction by Yemen’s Houthi rebels, who control the capital, Sanaa, and most of the country’s north. The United States decreased its aid to Yemen earlier this year, citing interference by the Houthis.

A person familiar with Saudi and Emirati policy making, who was not authorized to speak to the media, told The Associated Press that while the two nations are Yemen’s largest donors of humanitarian aid, Riyadh and Abu Dhabi are considering how to ensure aid reaches Yemeni civilians and is not diverted by the Houthis. The UAE in particular is reviewing the most effective means of doing so, the person said.

Some aid workers say donors appear to have lost confidence in the U.N.’s ability to implement programs amid restrictions by Houthis, as well as the reduced presence of U.N. staff and aid workers in the country.

https://apnews.com/885c0da109eee7900ea5edced6604de5

(* A H P)

Intel: US offers no new funding at Yemen donor conference

During a conference of international donors June 2, the US government announced no new funding for Yemen’s humanitarian response plan, despite warnings from the United Nations that further aid cuts will worsen what is already considered the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.

The virtual pledging conference, hosted by the United Nations and Saudi Arabia, raised $1.35 billion among more than two dozen participating countries. The emergency aid is well below the $2.4 billion goal, and the $3.2 billion received in last year’s pledge drive.

“The United States greatly appreciates the other donors who stepped forward with support and funding for this important cause," US Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs David Schenker said during the conference. “While we’re not announcing new funding today, we are working to provide additional funding in the coming weeks.”

Schenker stressed the US government's existing contributions, noting it has provided more than $2.8 billion in humanitarian aid to Yemen since October 2014.

At the June 2 conference, other donors included Canada, which committed $40 million, and the United Kingdom, which pledged $201 million. Saudi Arabia, which is leading the military coalition that is fighting the Houthi rebels, announced a contribution of $500 million.

Aisha Jumaan, president of the Yemen Relief and Reconstruction Foundation, called the six-figure Saudi donation a public relations stunt. “The Saudis are paying for whitewashing their crimes,” Jumaan told Al-Monitor.

Even with the new funding, the agencies say there will not be an immediate restoration of services. In the case of the UN’s food agency, a WFP official told Al-Monitor last month that there is a four-month lag to source and transport food to Yemen.

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2020/06/yemen-funding-shortage-coronavirus-saudi-arabia-us-cuts.html

(A H P)

Saudi Arabia concerned Houthi obstruction of Yemen aid will hinder future pledges

Saudi Arabia is concerned that obstruction of aid operations conducted by Yemen’s Houthi rebels will hamper future pledges made to alleviate the suffering of millions in the war-torn country, a top official has told The National.

The kingdom co-hosted the first ever virtual donor conference to shore up financial support for Yemen with the United Nations on Tuesday as it faces the coronavirus pandemic.

But it fell short of the $2.4 billion it said was necessary to pull Yemen back from the brink of disaster.

Pledges have dwindled after the majority of the donor states expressed fears that the Iran-backed Houthi rebels were interfering with aid distributed in areas under their control, intimidating humanitarian staff and were threatening to tax international assistance.

“My worry as a humanitarian is that when there is a concern from UN agencies and governments which are donors - if [Houthi acts] continue - it will hamper the generosity of donor countries, and we hope that won’t reflect on the Yemeni people,”Abdullah Al Rabeeah, Supervisor General of King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Centre (Ksrelief) and Adviser to the Royal Court, told The National.

https://www.thenational.ae/world/mena/saudi-arabia-concerned-houthi-obstruction-of-yemen-aid-will-hinder-future-pledges-1.1028475

My comment: The Saudis will be the wrong ones to make this an anti-Houthi blame game story.

And also

(A H P)

Saudi aid to Yemen will continue despite reports of Houthi interference

In an exclusive interview with Al-Monitor after the Yemen Donor Conference, Abdullah Al Rabeeah, supervisor general of the King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center, said he expects pledges to continue.

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2020/06/abdullah-al-rabeeah-saudi-yemen-houthis-donor-conference.html

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Yemen faces 'macabre tragedy' as aid funding falls short by $1bn

UN says country is on cliff edge after fundraising summit raises only $1.35bn for the year

Yemen remains on the brink of “a macabre tragedy”, the UN has warned after a humanitarian fundraising summit raised only $1.35bn (£1.05bn) for this year, around $1bn short of the target and only half the sum raised at the equivalent pledging conference last year.

The UN’s humanitarian chief, Mark Lowcock, said unless more money was raised Yemen “will face a horrific outcome at the end of the year”.

Despite the shortfall “the UN will not abandon the people of Yemen”, he vowed, adding that pledging would continue because some of last year’s large donors had not yet contributed.

Dr Abdullah al-Rabiah, the head of the King Salman Centre for Relief and Humanitarian Aid in Saudi Arabia, which co-hosted the virtual summit, put the overall shortfall down to the impact of coronavirus on national budgets and concerns about the restrictions on aid flows imposed by the parties to Yemen’s five-year civil war. “We want to be sure that the money will go to those in need,” he said.

The largest single sum pledged, $500m, came from Saudi Arabia, one of the main protagonists in the war. Other big donors were the UK, the US, Norway and Germany.

Lowcock said those countries that had not paid this year “had to stand up” or Yemen faced “a macabre tragedy”.

Repeated disputes over the diversion of aid, including by interference or by conditions set by the Houthi rebels in the north of the country, have led some Arab states to hold back from making pledges. Lowcock insisted the UN had to work throughout the country to help the most vulnerable, regardless of which group was in charge of the territory.

Before the conference, the UN had only been able to raise $500m for Yemen this year. Even if all the $1.35bn pledged was handed over, the UN aid budget for Yemen would still be more than $1bn less than the $3.2bn eventually raised in 2019.

Lowcock told the summit: “Yemen is now on the precipice, right on the cliff edge, below which lies a tragedy of historic proportions.”

In a sign of the UN’s problems, Saudi Arabia insisted $200m of its donation would be spent through Saudi aid programmes, not those sanctioned by the UN. It also later clarified this sum had been previously announced but not handed over.

The United Arab Emirates, one of the external powers backing the Yemen government against the Houthis, made no commitment to the UN programme at the summit.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jun/02/yemen-faces-macabre-tragedy-as-aid-funding-falls-short-by-1bn

and also https://apnews.com/558c206803bea4d746a24e2cbfbc30fa

(* A H P)

UN donor nations pledge $1.35 billion in aid for war-ravaged, Covid-hit Yemen

International donors promised $1.35 billion in humanitarian aid to Yemen on Tuesday, United Nations aid chief Mark Lowcock told a pledging conference to help the war-torn country.

UN chief Antonio Guterres Tuesday sought to raise $2.41 billion to support Yemen, ravaged by war and coronavirus, at a donor conference hosted by Saudi Arabia in the sixth year of its military intervention.

The virtual conference comes as aid groups warn the virus could wreak havoc in Yemen after years of conflict and amid crippling funding shortages.

"We are in a race against time," said United Nations Secretary General Guterres.

"Aid agencies estimate they will need up to $2.41 billion to cover essential aid from June until December, including programmes to counter Covid-19."

Without the required funding, more than 30 out of 41 major UN programmes in Yemen could close in the next few weeks, Guterres warned.

"Tackling Covid-19 on top of the existing humanitarian emergency requires urgent action," he added.

https://www.france24.com/en/20200602-un-donor-nations-pledge-1-35-billion-in-aid-for-war-ravaged-covid-hit-yemen

and also https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/06/donors-pledge-135bn-humanitarian-aid-war-ravaged-yemen-200602180035408.html

and also https://www.reuters.com/article/us-yemen-un-aid/donors-promise-yemen-1-35-billion-falling-short-of-u-n-target-to-save-aid-operations-idUSKBN2390GX

(A H P)

Yemeni president's advisor reduces results of donor conference

The Vice-President of the [pro Hadi-gov.] Yemeni Parliament, Adviser to President Abdrabbu Mansour Hadi, Abdulaziz Jobari, played down the results of the donors' conference to support Yemen, which was held in the Saudi capital, Riyadh, stressing that the grants resulting from these conferences are not tangible results on the ground.

Jabbari tweeted on Tuesday evening: "The donors’ conference for the current Yemen is no different from the previous conferences. "

"Yemenis hear through the media about grants, aid and aid in the billions of dollars, but its impact and presence on the ground are not visible.", he added.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-17543.html

(A H P)

NRC's reaction to Yemen conference: Pledges fall short of what is needed

https://www.nrc.no/news/2020/june/reaction-to-the-yemen-pledging-conference/

(A H P)

Oxfam reaction: UK Pledge Aid to Yemen

Ultimately, Yemenis need an end to the conflict. The UK government needs to show global leadership by halting all arms transfers to Saudi Arabia and other warring parties, and by doing everything possible to pressure all sides to agree a ceasefire and return to meaningful negotiations.

The UK should also work with international allies to deliver the UN's call for a global ceasefire to prevent the further spread of coronavirus in places like Yemen.”

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/oxfam-reaction-uk-pledge-aid-yemen

(* B H P)

Over five million Yemenis at risk of losing access to food and clean water as coronavirus spreads in Yemen

Survey* conducted in Yemen reveals impact of funding shortfalls as Pledging conference is held today

Recent funding gaps and other challenges in Yemen will put an additional estimated 5.5 million people in the war-torn country at risk of losing access to life-saving aid, such as food, cash and clean water this year, 24 international humanitarian NGOs said ahead of the Virtual Yemen Pledging Conference.

With COVID-19 spreading rapidly in the country, the withdrawal of donor funds from the largest humanitarian crisis in the world will cost lives, these organisations warned.

The Pledging Conference is a donor event and an opportunity for aid agencies to ask donors for funds to cover essential activities in Yemen.

Ahead of the event, which is taking place today, a survey was conducted among INGOs working in Yemen to assess the impact on Yemeni civilians if funding shortfalls persist. The nine NGOs which responded to the survey expect a combined drop in funding of 82.5 million dollars compared to 2019, including a sharp reduction in the means to support the already collapsing health sector – affecting an estimated total of 5.5 million people. This number gives us an indication of what the funding shortfall would mean for the wider humanitarian response but the impact on the sector is thought to be even higher with millions more likely to lose out.

It could reduce health services such as mobile clinics as well as the organisations’ ability to provide community water systems, threatening a spike in cholera and the fight against the spread of COVID-19.

This will also push vulnerable communities closer to starvation when already 8.5 million people are having their food aid halved in the midst of lockdowns and job losses. Almost 1.5 million families in Yemen depend on food assistance to survive,[1] many of whom have already been impacted by the scale-down of the World Food Programme’s (WFP) monthly food distributions. Without an urgent injection of funds some organizations will be forced to stop all support for agriculture and livelihoods across the country. Currently, 20.1 million people in Yemen are in need of food assistance, and half of all families are buying food on credit[2].

https://www.savethechildren.net/news/over-five-million-yemenis-risk-losing-access-food-and-clean-water-coronavirus-spreads-yemen

(* B H P)

Jemen: Eine Krise mitten in der Krise

Das Leid im Jemen ist enorm. Viele Schwangere, Stillende und Kleinkinder leiden an Unterernährung, während sie gleichzeitig von Infektionskrankheiten wie Cholera und aktuell auch Covid-19 bedroht sind. Als ich vor fast zwei Jahren die Landesverantwortung für den Jemen übernahm, sah ich die Statistiken zum ersten Mal. Doch hinter jeder Zahl steht ein Mensch, mit seiner ganz individuellen Lebensgeschichte. Einer dieser Menschen ist Mahmoud*. Er verlor seine fünfjährige, schwer unterernährte Tochter, nachdem ihm eine lebensrettende Spezialbehandlung verweigert wurde, weil er sie sich nicht leisten konnte, obwohl sie kostenlos hätte verfügbar sein sollen. Mahmouds Geschichte hat mir klargemacht, dass es für notleidende Jemenitinnen und Jemeniten, wenn sie keine dringende Hilfe erhalten, schnell um Leben und Tod gehen kann. Gemeinsam wollen und müssen wir als humanitäre Gemeinschaft für diese Familien etwas bewirken. Deshalb hat Medair im Jemen ein Nothilfeprogramm ins Leben gerufen.

Unsere Teams im Jemen haben bereits damit begonnen, Notleidende mit lebensnotwendiger Ernährung und medizinischen Leistungen, Wasser und sanitären Einrichtungen zu versorgen. Die Medair-Mitarbeitenden nehmen weite Reisen auf sich, um betroffene Dörfer zu erreichen. Oft liegen diese in abgelegenen Regionen, in denen kaum andere Organisationen arbeiten. Im Rahmen unserer Projekte werden in den Gesundheitskliniken Medikamente aufgestockt, Ausrüstung bereitgestellt und Fachkräfte geschult. Freiwillige Helferinnen und Helfer identifizieren und überweisen unterernährte schwangere Mütter und Kleinkinder in Spitäler, damit sie angemessen behandelt werden können. Zudem schaffen wir in den von uns unterstützten Gesundheitseinrichtungen Zugang zu sauberem Trinkwasser, errichten Handwaschanlagen und andere sanitäre Einrichtungen, um Ansteckungsrisiken zu verringern. Gleichzeitig werden Sofortmassnahmen zur Trinkwasserversorgung und Abwasserentsorgung in Gemeinden umgesetzt, welche durch wasserübertragbare Krankheiten wie Cholera gefährdet sind.

https://www.medair.org/de/stories/jemen-eine-krise-inmitten-der-krise/

and English version:

(* B H)

Yemen: A Crisis Within a Crisis

The scale of the needs in Yemen are so large it can seem overwhelming to imagine the suffering at an individual level; malnourished pregnant mothers and young children with insufficient food to eat, the ever-present risk of cholera and other diseases, and now, the threat of Covid-19. I had seen the statistics when I took the position of Country Director in Yemen almost two years ago, but each number represents a person, a story, like Mahmoud* whose severely malnourished five-year-old daughter died after being denied life-saving specialised treatment because he could not afford it, when it should have been available for free. This story illustrates to me that in Yemen, when people don’t receive urgent assistance, it can swiftly turn into a matter of life and death. Together, as a humanitarian community, we can and we must make a difference for many of these families, and this is why Medair has launched an emergency response programme in Yemen.

Medair has begun providing essential nutrition and health care, and water, hygiene and sanitation services to people in Yemen. Medair teams travel over long distances to reach these vulnerable communities, often located in remote districts where few other organisations work. Through our projects, health facilities which lack supplies and equipment are being restocked, health care staff are trained and teams of volunteers find and refer malnourished pregnant mothers and young children to receive life-saving treatment. Meanwhile Medair is installing safe drinking water, handwashing and sanitation facilities at the health clinics we are supporting to lessen the risk of disease, while preparing for emergency water and sanitation responses in communities which may face sudden water borne disease outbreaks, such as cholera.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-crisis-within-crisis

(* B H P)

Yemen Humanitarian Update Issue 5 (May 2020)

Yemen remains the world’s worst humanitarian crisis. The cumulative impact of more than 5 years of conflict, economic decline and institutional collapse has left 24 million people – about 80 per cent of the population – in need of humanitarian aid and protection. The coronavirus (COVID-19) is spreading rapidly and exacerbating the humanitarian situation. With needs outstripping funds, there is an added sense of urgency for the High-Level Pledging Event. Aid agencies, working closely with donors, have engaged with the authorities and made progress in addressing obstacles that have hindered a principled aid operation prompting key donors to withhold funding. Since mid-April, more than 30 core UN programmes were down-sized and some closed, putting the lives of millions of people who depend on aid every month on the line.

Already, at the start of 2020, the number of people reached with assistance each month had decreased from an average of 15.2 million people per month in the last quarter of 2019 to 13.5 million in the first two months of the year – a decrease in assistance was reported in 155 districts in 21 governorates with Sana’a, Dhamar, and Ibb governorates and Sana’a City worst affected. If aid agencies are unable to scale up again, millions of lives will be at serious risk and the situation will be catastrophic for those already facing malnutrition, food insecurity and disease.

The rapid spread of the COVID-19 pandemic heralds another potential tragedy, low immunity levels across the population makes the preservation of large-scale aid programmes in the health, WASH, nutrition and other sectors vital if millions of vulnerable people are to withstand the virus.

In 2019, humanitarian programmes made an enormous difference

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-humanitarian-update-issue-5-may-2020

(* A H P)

Campaigners slam 'whitewash' as Saudi Arabia co-hosts Yemen humanitarian conference

Human rights groups have criticised a move by the United Nations to co-host an event with Saudi Arabia to raise funds for the humanitarian crisis in Yemen.

However, human rights campaigners have described the conference as a "whitewash" that ignores Saudi complicity in the state of affairs in the country, where it has been waging an intense bombing campaign since 2015 against Houthi rebels.

“Saudi Arabia keeps trying to whitewash its coalition’s role in the deepening humanitarian catastrophe in Yemen, but cohosting the funding event won't fool anyone," Afrah Nasser, Yemen researcher at Human Rights Watch, said in a statement.

https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/coronavirus-yemen-whitewash-saudi-arabia-humanitarian-conference

and

(* A H P)

Won’t fool anyone’: Saudi Arabia hosts UN fundraiser for Yemen aid

Giving Saudi Arabia such an essential role in raising money for the ongoing relief efforts has drawn criticism from rights groups.

“Saudi Arabia keeps trying to whitewash its coalition’s role in the deepening humanitarian catastrophe in Yemen, but co-hosting the funding event won't fool anyone," Human Rights Watch (HRW) Yemen researcher, Afrah Nasser, said in a statement.

It is not just Saudi Arabia, which has pledged aid on the one hand and participated in making the situation worse in Yemen on the other.

The UK has also come under fire for giving $1.2bn in aid to Yemenis while continuing to supply the Saudis and Emiratis with weapons.

In comments reported by the Guardian, Jon Cunliffe, of Action against Hunger in the Middle East, said it was a “bitter irony” that countries that either participated directly in the war or armed belligerents were the biggest donors at Tuesday’s event.

“It isn’t enough to just throw money at the problem, we need to see concrete evidence that governments are genuinely committed to a political solution,” Cunliffe said.

“Saudi Arabia’s depth of influence will be far more important than the depth of its pockets if the goal is to ease the suffering of the Yemeni people.”

https://www.trtworld.com/magazine/won-t-fool-anyone-saudi-arabia-hosts-un-fundraiser-for-yemen-aid-36913

(A H P)

Film: Virtual high-level pledging event for Yemen organised by Saudi Arabia and UN

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eidmpd-Fc6I (ca. 5 hours)

and parts of the session https://www.facebook.com/watch/live/?v=3216172861738053&ref=watch_permalink (ca. 1 hour)

(A H P)

Film: Remarks by Mark Lowcock, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, on the High-Level Pledging Event for the Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen 2020.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IGdsdkm8pyA

(A H P)

Britain announces 160 million pounds in humanitarian aid to Yemen: minister

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-yemen-un-aid-britain/britain-announces-160-million-pounds-in-humanitarian-aid-to-yemen-minister-idUSKBN23923C

(A H P)

Germany announces $140 million in humanitarian aid to Yemen: minister

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-yemen-un-aid-germany/germany-announces-140-million-in-humanitarian-aid-to-yemen-minister-idUSKBN2391ZP

(A H P)

EU allocates over €70 million to help most vulnerable population

Commissioner for Crisis Management, Janez Lenarčič, said: "In this difficult time, the EU continues to stand by the most vulnerable in Yemen. The EU is delivering vital assistance such as food, nutrition, water, shelter and hygiene kits to millions of Yemenis affected by the crisis. To ensure aid reaches as many people as possible, all restrictions and interference violating the humanitarian principles have to be lifted."

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/eu-allocates-over-70-million-help-most-vulnerable-population

My comment: The Arms Sellers Union and its hypocritical statement.

(A H P)

Canada pledges $40M to 'avert catastrophe' in Yemen

https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/yemen-aid-gould-pandemic-covid-1.5595306

My comment: While making US$ 13 billion by arms sales to Saudi Arabia.

(B H P)

Russia earmarks $4 mln to provide food assistance to Yemen

It was made through the UN World Food Program, the Russian Foreign Ministry said

https://tass.com/politics/1163577

(A H P)

Assistant Secretary of State Schenker Leads U.S. Delegation to High-Level Virtual Pledging Conference for Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen

The United States remains one of the largest donors to the humanitarian response in Yemen

We welcome the announcements of additional pledges today, and hope for the swift disbursement of this urgently needed funding.

https://www.state.gov/assistant-secretary-of-state-schenker-leads-u-s-delegation-to-high-level-virtual-pledging-conference-for-humanitarian-crisis-in-yemen/

My comment: The US remains the greatest arms supplier and supporter of the Yemen War,

(* A H P)

Yemen 2020: High-Level Pledging Event for the Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen

Co-Hosted by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United Nations

To support the humanitarian response in Yemen and alleviate the suffering of the Yemeni people, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United Nations are convening a High-Level Pledging Event for the Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen. The event took place online on 2 June 2020.

On 2 June 2020, the virtual High-Level Pledging Event for the Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen brought together representatives of more than 125 Member States, and International Organizations, UN Agencies, NGOs and Civil Society to raise funding to meet the humanitarian needs of people affected by the conflict.

https://www.unocha.org/yemen2020

(* A H P)

Saudi co-hosts funding summit for war-torn Yemen, as UN warns majority of programmes weeks from closure

Saudi Arabia is co-hosting a United Nations funding summit for Yemen for the first time, despite being one of the key combatants in the country’s devastating five-year war.

The UN hopes the virtual summit will raise $2.4bn (£1.9bn) to keep its services running, warning that three-quarters of its major aid programmes were just weeks from closure.

“Anything below $1.6bn and the operation will be facing catastrophic cutbacks,” Lise Grande, the UN humanitarian coordinator for Yemen, told Reuters ahead of the conference.

“We won’t be able to provide the food people need to survive, or the healthcare they need or the water or sanitation or the nutrition support which helps to keep 2 million malnourished children from dying,” she said.

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/saudi-aid-programmes-yemen-war-un-closure-a9544356.html

(A H P)

Amid Funding Shortfall, Life-Saving Aid Operations for 24 Million People in Yemen Risk Closing within Weeks, Secretary-General Warns at Pledging Conference

Following are UN Secretary-General António Guterres’ remarks to the Yemen Pledging Conference, in New York today:

More than five years of conflict have left Yemenis hanging on by a thread, their economy in tatters, their institutions facing near-collapse. Four people out of every five, 24 million people in all, need life‑saving aid in what remains the world’s largest humanitarian crisis. Two million Yemeni children are suffering from acute malnutrition, which could stunt their growth and affect them throughout their lives.

Since the start of the year, some 80,000 more people were forced from their homes, bringing the total displaced to almost 4 million. Cholera continues to threaten lives with 110,000 people contracting it so far this year. The recent floods have raised the risk of malaria and dengue fever.

On 10 April, the first confirmed case of COVID-19 was reported in Yemen. The pandemic poses a terrifying threat to some of the most vulnerable people in the world, weakened by years of conflict, and with a health system that is already on the brink of collapse.

Since then, reported cases are in the hundreds and are highly likely to be undercounted, since testing rates are some of the lowest in the world. There is every reason to believe that community transmission is already under way across the country.

We are in a race against time.

https://www.un.org/press/en/2020/sgsm20103.doc.htm

(* A H P)

Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcock – Remarks at the opening of the High-Level Pledging Event for the Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen

The situation in Yemen is catastrophic.

COVID-19 is spreading rapidly across the country. Available data suggest a much higher rate of severe illness and death than in many other countries. Health facilities are turning people away because they’re already full, or they don’t have what they need to treat people with the virus. This is what more than five years of war have done to Yemen. The health system is in a state of collapse.

COVID-19 comes on top of the many problems already facing Yemen – economic collapse, destroyed infrastructure, hunger, disease and displacement.

Yemenis themselves say things are worse today than at any time in their recent history. And yet so far this year, the world has offered less help than it did last year. Never have we had so little money for humanitarian action in Yemen this late in the year.

So we have come together here today to see what the world wants to do about that. The United Nations and our partners have put forward a clear, workable plan.

We are currently delivering humanitarian assistance to more than 10 million people across the country every month.

That has helped bring Yemen back from the brink of famine, curb the largest recorded cholera outbreak in history and support families fleeing violence.

Aid agencies are also racing to contain COVID-19. We are supporting rapid response teams in every single district, importing essential supplies and providing reliable information to help millions of people protect themselves.

Delivering aid in Yemen is never easy, and we need much more from everyone if we are to continue this work.

From the authorities, particularly in the north, we need an end to the unacceptable constraints that hinder our programmes. We have seen concrete progress on several of these issues recently. This is positive and we want to build on it. But much more is needed.

Agencies will keep working with donors and the authorities to ensure this progress continues. Our programmes have also been carefully calibrated to keep risks to manageable levels. But I need to be clear that no one with staff on the ground working in Yemen right now sees these constraints as our most formidable challenge right now.

Because the biggest challenge is the money.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/under-secretary-general-humanitarian-affairs-and-emergency-relief-coordinator-mark-27

(* A H P)

UNOCHA Yemen Situation Report, 3 June 2020

Yemen remains the world’s worst humanitarian crisis. The cumulative impact of more than 5 years of conflict, economic decline and institutional collapse has left 24 million people – about 80 per cent of the population – in need of humanitarian aid and protection. The coronavirus (COVID-19) is spreading rapidly and exacerbating the humanitarian situation. With needs outstripping funds, there is an added sense of urgency for the High-Level Pledging Event. Aid agencies, working closely with donors, have engaged with the authorities and made progress in addressing obstacles that have hindered a principled aid operation prompting key donors to withhold funding. Since mid-April, more than 30 core UN programmes were down-sized and some closed, putting the lives of millions of people who depend on aid every month on the line.

Already, at the start of 2020, the number of people reached with assistance each month had decreased from an average of 15.2 million people per month in the last quarter of 2019 to 13.5 million in the first two months of the year – a decrease in assistance was reported in 155 districts in 21 governorates with Sana’a, Dhamar, and Ibb governorates and Sana’a City worst affected

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-situation-report-3-june-2020

(* A H P)

Remarks by UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore at the High-Level Pledging Event for the Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen

The situation in Yemen is the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.

"And the burden is falling heavily on children.

"This complex emergency has pushed children to the brink.

"Almost every child in Yemen — 12 million — now needs humanitarian assistance.

"We’ve been in Yemen for decades. We aren’t going anywhere.

"And over the last five years, we’ve expanded our operations there.

"Yemen now represents one of our largest humanitarian operations anywhere.

"We’re treating severe acute malnutrition. Providing safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene. We’re keeping hospitals and health facilities, including primary health centres, up-and-running. Thanks to donors and partners like the World Bank, we’re reaching more people with direct cash transfers than anywhere else in the world.

"And we’re responding to COVID-19.

"In the past eight weeks alone, we’ve reached 16 million people with information on how to stay safe using TV, radio and social media — and our network of volunteers.

"We’re working to urgently bring in essential supplies, including personal protective equipment to keep health and nutrition workers safe.

"Just 3 days ago, we managed to bring in — by road and air — essential PPE items like aprons, boots, masks and gloves.

"This will help at least 1,600 health workers in primary health centres, hospitals and isolation units across Yemen provide vital health and nutrition services for three months.

"But as we stay and deliver against all odds, we’re also facing a significant funding shortfall.

"We’re appealing for US$518M to continue our response in Yemen.

"The needs are urgent.

https://www.unicef.org/mena/press-releases/remarks-unicef-executive-director-henrietta-fore-high-level-pledging-event

(* A H P)

Statement from Dr Mike Ryan, Executive Director, WHO Health Emergencies Programme at the Yemen High-level Pledging Conference

When severe acute malnutrition spread, WHO and our partner MED-COM supported 80% of all therapeutic feeding centers, saving 91% of all children suffering from medical complications. And as more people face death and disease, WHO and partners are supporting 70% of all medical consultations in the country.

And we did it all thanks to your generous support.

But today, COVID-19 has pushed Yemen over the edge, with many health workers on the front line frustrated and bereft. In fact, one physician in the Kuwait Hospital in Sana’a, recently said that he is “exhausted by war and politics, exhausted by rumors and ignorance, and exhausted by greed and poverty.”

And yet, in spite of enormous constraints, this physician and other courageous and committed individuals continue to serve their people every day.

And so will WHO and our partners. We will continue to equip, upgrade and expand the number of isolation centers to 59 across the whole country. We will continue to establish and equip EOCs, train health care workers and rapid response teams moving from over 300 to over 900 response teams in the coming weeks. We will continue to educate communities, and expand testing, all the while ensuring the continuity of other essential health services.

Last week alone, through the COVID Supply Chain Platform WHO and WFP airlifted over 34,000 kilograms of medicines and medical supplies including over 6.5 tons of COVID-19 PPE and laboratory diagnostics to support the functional labs that we have supported for COVID diagnosis. This week we are preparing another round of over 7 tons of PPE and 18 tons of medicines to support Yemen.

And we will continue to do everything we can to serve the people of Yemen, even as COVID-19 rages. But we need a massive scale-up of our COVID and non-COVID health operations to assist some of the most vulnerable population in the world.

We recognize in a world where everyone is trying to respond to their own health crisis it is a challenge to maintain critical support to others. But in this global crisis we must recognize that there are communities and people who are even more at risk and even more vulnerable.

https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/02-06-2020-statement-from-dr-mike-ryan-executive-director-who-health-emergencies-programme-at-the-yemen-high-level-pledging-conference

(* A H P)

FAO Director-General appeals to donors to scale up response and ease plight of farmers and fishers in Yemen

Qu said that even before the COVID-19 pandemic, Yemen was on the verge of catastrophe. According to the 2020 Global Report on Food Crises, nearly 16 million people were affected by acute hunger even before the pandemic began -- over half of the country's entire population.

"Millions of people are unable to meet their basic needs," the Director-General said. "Farmers, fishers and herders have been hit hard by the conflict and the resulting economic decline."

In 2019 FAO provided humanitarian assistance to 3 million people in Yemen and more than 3.6 million animals were protected through animal health campaigns.

Qu said assistance needed to be scaled up for Yemen; to enable Yemeni farmers, herders and fishers to produce food for themselves, their families and their communities, particularly as they dealt with the Desert Locust outbreak and the COVID-19 pandemic.

FAO is calling for urgent action aimed at restoring people's livelihoods, enhancing their resilience and ensuring their household food needs are met. "We must act now, we need your support," Qu told donors. "There is no time to wait."

Qu said FAO wanted to reach 6 million people and distribute emergency livelihood-assistance - seeds, tools, coolboxes, life jackets and cash - to enable farmers and fishers to keep producing and continue livestock rearing.

Vaccinations and treatment for livestock, surveillance and control of plant pests, including Desert Locust, would benefit 4.2 million people, he said.

http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/1278638/icode/

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High-level pledging conference for the Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen, Speech given by Mr Peter Maurer President of the International Committee of the Red Cross

People’s needs are enormous, yet neutral humanitarian work is routinely blocked or politicized by conditioning it to intractable political progress. Blackmailing people into misery is not an option.

Today we make four calls:

One, only a political solution to the conflict will create conditions for a sustainable improvement of the desperate humanitarian situation… but conditioning aid to political progress is taking the people of Yemen hostage.

Two, IHL, and other relevant international laws must be respected by all those participating in the fighting to protect civilian life and infrastructure.

Three, full humanitarian access must be facilitated in accordance with IHL. Access is an obligation, not an option.

Authorities must facilitate unhindered access to communities unless security reasons are evident. The movement of goods and humanitarian staff into Yemen is critical and must be enabled. Every day that passes without this precious aid costs lives.

We recognize the recent efforts of authorities to facilitate medical goods into the country. We could save so many more lives if these basic standards were consistently in place.

Four, COVID-19 threatens to overwhelm the attention and resources of many donor countries.

https://www.icrc.org/en/document/high-level-pledging-conference-humanitarian-crisis-yemen

(* B H P)

For Yemenis on the brink, aid funding gap spells disaster

To make matters worse, the assistance that Ahlam and millions of other Yemenis and refugees rely on for their survival is threatened by a critical gap in funding, which has already forced UNHCR to scale back its life-saving cash assistance programme from this month.

Yemen remains the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, with some 24 million people requiring aid and more than 3.6 million people forced to flee their homes. Most displaced people live in unsanitary and overcrowded conditions, making both physical distancing and regular handwashing impossible.

Despite the overwhelming needs of the population, of the total US$211.9 million that UNHCR requires for its operations in 2020, it has so far received just US$63 million, equivalent to 30 per cent of the total.

Without an urgent increase in funding of at least US$89.4 million, UNHCR would have no option but to withdraw further critical support to hundreds of thousands of vulnerable displaced Yemenis and refugees, including mattresses, blankets, and emergency shelter, meaning people would be forced to sleep out in the open.

https://www.unhcr.org/news/stories/2020/6/5ed631574/yemenis-brink-aid-funding-gap-spells-disaster.html

(* B H P)

Opinion: Now is not the time to turn our backs on Yemen

By António Vitorino, IOM Director General

COVID-19 is undermining the the humanitarian efforts in Yemen, deepening an already severe crisis after years of conflict.

Yemen has reached a tipping point.

The international community must either unite to address the staggering needs of the world’s most serious humanitarian crisis or resign itself to the consequences of surrendering 28 million Yemenis to the ravages of COVID-19.

Six years of conflict have already claimed the lives of more than 100,000 people. Eighty percent of its people are aid reliant and 10 million are struggling to feed themselves.

Despite the sacrifices being made daily by local health providers and humanitarian workers, the World Health Organization anticipates that over half of the country’s population may eventually contract the virus and more than 40,000 may die.

The International Organization for Migration assisted over five million people in Yemen in 2019. Despite multiple challenges, we could not pause our operations and leave displaced people, those affected by the conflict and vulnerable migrants to face this pandemic alone.

We continue to provide humanitarian assistance, scaling up COVID-related activities like hygiene awareness raising and health support, and building isolation and treatment centres in locations hosting large numbers of displaced people. Our staff integrated strict hygiene practices into their work so that neither they, their families nor local communities contract the virus.

However, I am concerned by the reports from our teams on the ground. The COVID-19 outbreak is undermining our fragile successes and deepening the crisis.

I am particularly worried about the unsanitary conditions in the crowded displacement sites or disused buildings that displaced people across the country are forced to live in. With so many people worrying about securing a safe place to live, how can we expect them to prioritize buying soap?

As if years of conflict, mass displacement, the world’s largest cholera outbreak and destructive floods were not enough, these same communities now have to protect themselves from COVID-19 with less support than before.

https://news.trust.org/item/20200601143346-x4id5

(B H P)

Ahead of Yemen donor conference, IRC calls for urgent diplomatic and funding surge to stem the conflict and pandemic

“This is the time for donors to step up, not to look away. Ahead of tomorrow’s donor pledging conference, the IRC is calling for a rapid increase in funding to frontline agencies to help us scale up the COVID-19 response and continue to provide the humanitarian assistance that we know saves lives. Despite the outbreak, the IRC continues to deliver urgent healthcare and nutrition to those displaced by the war and people living in remote, hard-to-reach areas, and reproductive healthcare to pregnant and lactating women. We are also continuing to provide critical support to women impacted by gender-based violence.

“It is shameful that throughout all this, the bombing and shelling continue. The warring parties have shown total disregard for Yemenis caught up in this terrible war.

https://www.rescue.org/press-release/ahead-yemen-donor-conference-irc-calls-urgent-diplomatic-and-funding-surge-stem

(A H P)

Außenministerium [der Sanaa-Regierung]: Geberkonferenz für den Jemen ist ein Versuch, das Bild Aggressionskoalition zu verschönern

Eine offizielle Quelle im Außenministerium bestätigte, dass die Geberkonferenz für den Jemen ein Versuch ist, das Bild der mit dem Blut der Jemeniten befleckten Aggressionskoalition vor der internationalen Gemeinschaft zu verschönern.

Die Quelle sagte gegenüber der jemenitischen Nachrichtenagentur (Saba): "Die Länder der Aggression, was auch immer Sie tun, werden nicht in der Lage sein, die Wahrheit über die Kriegsverbrechen zu verbergen, die sie im Jemen begehen, die in der Geschichte beispiellos sind, und die Stirn der Menschheit fordert sie."

https://www.saba.ye/de/news3098552.htm

(A H P)

Houthi gov`t: Ending tragedy of Yemen is not with increase or decrease donor support

The Houthi Salvation Government (Ansar Allah) considered the convening of the Yemen Donors Conference in Saudi Arabia an attempt to whitewash the face of Riyadh internationally, noting that ending the human tragedy is not to increase or decrease support but to stop the war.

The Houthi-run Yemeni News Agency "Saba" ,late on Tuesday evening, quoted a source described as the official in the office of the head of the Salvation Government, as saying: "The convening of the Yemen Donors Conference in the capital of the aggression state, Riyadh, is an attempt to whitewash the face of the international aggression, which has been wreaking havoc in Yemen five years ago and committed the most heinous war crimes against the Yemeni people."

"This conference aims to prolong the aggression against the Yemeni people and counter the clear truth and direct cause behind the suffering and the tragic tragedy experienced by the Yemenis, which is the ongoing aggression and siege.", he added.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-17544.html

and also https://english.almasirah.net/details.php?es_id=13250

and

(A H P)

Houthis call donors' conference as failure launching open tweet campaign to demand lifting of siege on Yemen

The prominent leader of the Ansar Allah group (Houthis), Mohammed Ali Al Houthi, commented on Tuesday, on the donors ’conference for Yemen, which was called by both the United Nations and Saudi Arabia, saying that“ the aggression of the coalition and its siege on Yemen are what brought the people to the bottom. ”

Al-Houthi, in tweets on his account on Twitter, called the donors' conference, which held its business sessions on Tuesday in the Saudi capital, Riyadh, as "a failure."

"The numbers will not bear fruit," he added. "What was given to Yemen with a stay of execution in a previous conference is more than what was granted in the donors' conference today."

https://debriefer.net/en/news-17540.html

and also https://english.almasirah.net/details.php?es_id=13244

and

(A H P)

Mohammed Abdulsalam: Donors’ Conference Revealed Aggressive Countries as Begger with Yemen Support Cover

The head of the [Sanaa gov.] National Delegation, Mohammed Abdulsalam, thinks that the donors' conference, hosted by Saudi Arabia, is a way for the countries leading the aggression against Yemen to beg for money under the cover of supporting Yemen.

"With the ongoing aggression and siege, forces leading aggression are morally and politically bankrupted, regardless of anything else," Abd Al-Salam said in a tweet on "Twitter" this evening.

The head of the National Delegation deplored the hypothesis that the supposed donors were behind the conference hosted by Saudi Arabia, saying: "The supposed donors should not have been driven into the criminals' propaganda."

https://english.almasirah.net/details.php?es_id=13246

and

(A H P)

Saudis announce donor conference to evade problem essence: Houthis

By its announcement of organizing a pledging conference to help Yemen, in cooperation with the United Nations, Saudi Arabia is "evading the origin of the problem" in Yemen, the Houthi group said Monday.
"While war and blockade on Yemen are continuous, organization a donor conference is evading the origin of the problem and silly attempts by the criminal to decorate its horrible face," Houthi spokesman tweeted.
The Saudi-led coalition should "stop aggression and lift blockade," Mohamed Abdul Salam added, calling the international community to halt the war, but "not go along with criminals."

https://debriefer.net/en/news-17510.html

(B H P)

QRCS rehabilitates 14 water wells for 12,250 beneficiaries in Al-Hudaydah

The representation mission of Qatar Red Crescent Society (QRCS) in Yemen has begun the civil and construction works for digging and deepening water wells in the Al-Marawi’ah and Al-Sukhnah districts of Al-Hudaydah Governorate.

Serving up to 1,750 families (12,250 persons), this is part of a larger project to rehabilitate water projects in Taiz and Al-Hudaydah, with a total budget of $399,999.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/qrcs-rehabilitates-14-water-wells-12250-beneficiaries-al-hudaydah-enar

(* B H)

Factbox: U.N. programmes in Yemen at risk of going broke

The United Nations said ahead of a pledging conference for Yemen on Tuesday that 30 of 41 major aid programmes in the war-torn country would close in the next few weeks without funding.

Of some 20 million Yemenis who are food insecure, nearly 10 million are acutely food insecure.

More than 3.6 million Yemenis have been diplaced by conflict. Disease is rife and the United Nations says the health system has effectively collapsed.

Programme reductions had already started in some areas, U.N. Humanitarian Coordinator for Yemen, Lise Grande, told Reuters:

** The World Food Programme, which feeds more than 12 million Yemenis a month, in April halved rations in northern areas. It needs funding for existing operations and to ramp back up operations in the north.

** One week before the first COVID-19 case was announced in Yemen on April 10, the World Health Organisation was forced to suspend payments to 10,000 health workers.

** Programmes for pregnant and lactating women are being shut in 140 healthcare facilities.

** Immunization programs are being suspended.

** Fifty-one primary healthcare clinics have closed.

Depending on the amount of money raised, Grande said more cuts or closures could follow:

** Basic health services provided at 189 hospitals and 200 primary healthcare units could be lost.

** Some 6.5 million people including those in areas with cholera could lose water and sanitation services.

** Nutrition programmes for 2 million malnourished children would have to be shut.

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-yemen-us-aid-programmes-factbox/factbox-u-n-programmes-in-yemen-at-risk-of-going-broke-idUSKBN2390HJ

(* B H)

UN agencies emphasize need to honor pledges to Yemen promptly

The United Nations' Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Deputy Spokesperson Jens Laerke emphasized here Saturday the significance of donors' honoring their pledges to provide Yemen with (financial) support, as soon as possible.
The pledged amount would be earmarked to alleviate the suffering of millions of Yemenis, due to displacement, malnutrition and outbreak of diseases, especially the spread of novel coronavirus.
During a press conference in Geneva, he pointed out that provided the pledged funds are collected, about 200 agencies, concertedly working through a joint strategy, would manage to deliver foods and medical care to around 3.6 million displaced and provide vulnerable communities with other vital amenities, across the country.
He also warned that lack of required funds would decrease complementary food to 1.7 children and pregnant women, a fact that may lead to unavoidable deaths.
Mobile teams and malnutrition treatment centers may be squeezed to downsize their services or even terminate them. Drinking water and sewerage service, in the main cities in Yemen could be affected, exposing millions of children to water-borne diseases such as Cholera.
The World Food Program (WFP) Senior Communications Consultant and senior spokesperson Elizabeth Byrs reaffirmed, during the conference, that the world community has provided Yemen with unprecedented levels of support, during the past 5 years.
However, WFP needs $200 million per month to fund its programs there, and it was shouldering its responsibilities, as much as possible, in order to not to let down any child or mother. She also drew attention that COVID-19 too poses threat to Yemeni children.
And Shabia Mantoo, global spokesperson of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNCHR), said that the commission needs $89.4 to keep currently administered live-saving aid programs functioning, stressing that without securing such funds the commission may downsize the programs, badly affecting almost one million refugees and displaced in Yemen.

https://saudigazette.com.sa/article/593655

(* B H)

WFP: $200m required for Yemen program to continue

The World Food Programme (WFP) needs a total of $200 million a month to fund its programs in Yemen, senior spokesperson, Elisabeth Byrs, announced yesterday.

“The organisation is concerned about over 20 million Yemenis who are food insecure, of which nearly 10 million are acutely food insecure,” Byres said in a virtual press conference.

“Over two million children in Yemen are already acutely malnourished, and it’s a figure that WFP fears will increase,” Byrs added, warning that the novel coronavirus would “push many more children in Yemen into acute malnutrition.”

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) spokesperson, Jens Laerke, added that the failure to provide the required funding would lead to “a reduction in the nutritional supplements of 1.7 million child and pregnant women, which could result in deaths from preventable causes.”

https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20200601-wfp-200m-required-for-yemen-program-to-continue/

(* B H)

UN suspends 80% of reproductive health facilities in Yemen

The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) announced on Saturday the suspension of reproductive health services in 80 per cent of the facilities it supports in Yemen, due to lack of funding.

The UN agency said in a statement that due to lack of funding for life-saving reproductive health services, it had been forced to suspend the provision of reproductive health care in 140 of its 180 health facilities in Yemen.

The statement said: “The UNFPA is the sole provider of life-saving reproductive health medicines and supplies in Yemen, which has seen its health system all but collapse under five grinding years of conflict.”

According to the statement, the UNFPA received only 41 per cent of the $100.5 million it had appealed for earlier this year for its humanitarian response in Yemen.

https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20200601-un-suspends-80-of-reproductive-health-facilities-in-yemen/

(* B H)

IOM Releases Crisis Appeal to Support over 5.3 Million Yemenis and Migrants

The COVID-19 pandemic has worsened the already dire situation in Yemen for vulnerable communities like internally displaced people and migrants. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has launched an appeal for USD 155 million to support over 5.3 million people by the end of this year.

Conflict, mass displacement, severe economic decline, food insecurity and the near collapse of public services continue to take an enormous toll on people in Yemen, exacerbating existing vulnerabilities and significantly impacting their health and well-being. Over 80 per cent of Yemen’s population are estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance.

“The situation in Yemen is at breaking point,” said António Vitorino, IOM Director General.

“As the world comes to grips with the pandemic, countries in crisis need more support than ever. COVID-19 is a global problem with only a global solution: while one country struggles through an outbreak, it can put the health of other populations in the region and globally at risk. Yemen cannot face this new crisis alone.”

The World Health Organization (WHO) predicts that more than half of Yemen’s population will contract COVID-19 . As a result of limited testing capacity laboratory confirmed cases remain low, but humanitarians are working under the assumption that the virus is already widespread across the country. News and community reports sadly continue to confirm this assumption.

IOM quickly scaled up its COVID-19 response in Yemen to protect IDPs, migrants and the communities hosting them. The Organization has increased awareness of COVID-19 prevention measures among vulnerable communities, while providing key health services and increasing access to clean water. By mid-May, IOM’s awareness raising efforts had reached over 170,000 people in just one month.

The Organization currently supports 36 health facilities and nine health outreach teams reaching people across the country, including internally displaced people living in over 60 displacement sites. IOM is also continuing its vital shelter assistance and other support to displaced populations by integrating infection prevention and control measures into our activities, such as physical distancing during aid distributions.

Despite the conflict, migrants from the Horn of Africa transit through Yemen in search of opportunity in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. In 2019, over 138,000 migrants crossed the Gulf of Aden, making it the busiest maritime migration route in the world.

Migrants in Yemen are vulnerable during every phase of their journey. In addition to the risks associated with the armed conflict, smuggling and trafficking networks prey on irregular migrants, subjecting them to abuse and exploitation. Unaccompanied children and women are among the most vulnerable of the migrant population, often experiencing abduction, coercion and physical abuse.

Although the numbers of arrivals has decreased as a result of the pandemic — from 11,101 in January to 1,725 in April — many migrants remain stranded in Yemen, having begun their journey before movements were restricted. An increasing number face crowded and often unsanitary conditions in detention and quarantine centres.

“This pandemic should not be an excuse to exploit and abuse migrants. International support is needed to advocate for the release of migrants being held in detention and for protection to be afforded to all migrants,” said Vitorino.

As fears of the virus increase, migrants are being stigmatized as “transmitters of disease”, leading to retaliation, including physical and verbal harassment, denial of access to health services, movement restrictions, and forced movements to frontline conflict and desert areas.

“Accusing vulnerable communities of contributing to the spread of COVID-19 is senseless and should stop,” IOM’s Director General said.

https://www.iom.int/news/iom-releases-crisis-appeal-support-over-53-million-yemenis-and-migrants

and also https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20200603-iom-migrants-in-yemen-abused-as-transmitters-of-disease/

(* B H)

Yemen: ‘Hanging on by a thread’, UN chief requests funding to meet staggering humanitarian crisis

Upholding that “pledges will not save lives unless they are paid”, Mr. Lowcock pointed out that so far, most have not been honoured.
He painted a picture of Yemen “on the precipice, right on the cliff edge, below which lies a tragedy of historic proportions”, and asked that everyone match their pledges of last year and to pay promptly and flexibly so that aid agencies can focus on where the needs are greatest.

He cautioned against cutting funding to any one part of the country because of who is in control, saying that is “tantamount to the collective punishment of the innocent and the vulnerable, people who have no say on who is in charge in the places they live”.

Sharing the gavel, Prince Faisal bin Farhan Al Saud, Foreign Minister of Saudi Arabia said that his coungtry “supports the UN efforts to reach a political solution in Yemen to alleviate the suffering and support humanitarian, economic and developmental aspects”.

Riydah has pledged around $500m in support of the UN’s humanitarian response plan for Yemen, and he highlighted that the country has so far provided more than $16 billion in aid to its neighbour.

At the end of the conference, Mr. Lowcock repoted the $1.35 billion dollars had been pledged.

https://news.un.org/en/story/2020/06/1065292

(* B H)

UN braucht mehr Geld für Hilfe im Jemen

Hilfsorganisationen drängen auf mehr Geld für das Bürgerkriegsland Jemen. Einige sahen sich sogar schon gezwungen, ihre Arbeiten teilweise einzustellen. Dabei sei ihre Arbeit in der Corona-Krise wichtiger als je zuvor.

Etwa 75 Prozent der UN-Programme im Jemen mussten ihren Betrieb schließen oder ihr Engagement reduzieren. So musste das Welternährungsprogramm der UN die Rationen halbieren. Auch mussten von den 369 Krankenhäusern ganze 189 ihre Dienste reduzieren. Grund ist die Halbierung der Finanzierung durch die USA.

Dafür, dass es immer weniger Gelder gibt, gibt es viele Faktoren. Der Hauptgrund ist aber die Behinderung durch die Houthi-Rebellen im Jemen, die die Hauptstadt Sanaa und andere Gebiete kontrollieren. Die USA, einer der größten Geber, haben Anfang des Jahres ihre Hilfe für den Jemen unter Berufung auf die Einmischung der Houthis gekürzt.

Es bleibt abzuwarten, ob die Houthis der Überwachung zustimmen werden und der UN die Möglichkeit geben, den entsprechenden Handlungsspielraum geben werden. Auf einer Geberkonferenz der UN am 2. Juni sollen 2,41 Milliarden US-Dollar für Nothilfen für den Jemen bereitgestellt werden.

Laut Grande arbeiten die Houthis daran transparenter zu werden

Laut jemenitischen Forschern versuche Saudi-Arabien mit dieser Konferenz sein Image aufzubessern. Saudi-Arabien "habe immer versucht, das Narrativ des Bürgerkriegs zu seinen Gunsten zu ändern und sich als Unterstützer der legitimen Regieurng zu präsentieren, die nicht Teil des Konflikts sei", so Maysaa Shuja al-Deen vom Sanaa-Zentrum für strategische Studien.

Gekürzt wurde vor allem die finanzielle Unterstützung für Tausende Mitarbeiter im Gesundheitspersonal, die seit fast drei Jahren keine Gehälter mehr von der Regierung erhalten haben. Doch ohne Gehälter kann das medizinische Personal in der Pandemie keine Gesundheitsleistung erbringen.

https://www.hurriyet.de/news_un-braucht-mehr-geld-fuer-hilfe-im-jemen95883_143537600.html

and English version:

(* B H)

UN forced to cut aid to Yemen, even as virus increases need

Aid organizations are making an urgent plea for funding to shore up their operations in war-torn Yemen, saying they have already been forced to stop some of their work even as the coronavirus rips through the country.

Some 75% of U.N. programs in Yemen have had to shut their doors or reduce operations. The global body’s World Food Program had to cut rations in half and U.N.-funded health services were reduced in 189 out of 369 hospitals nationwide.

“It’s almost impossible to look a family in the face, to look them in the eyes and say, ‘I’m sorry but the food that you need in order to survive we have to cut in half,’” Lise Grande, resident U.N. coordinator for Yemen, told The Associated Press.

The dwindling funds are the result of several factors, but among the top reasons is obstruction by Yemen’s Houthi rebels, who control the capital, Sanaa, and other territories. The United States, one of the largest donors, decreased its aid to Yemen earlier this year, citing interference by the Houthis.

It’s yet to be seen whether the Houthis will allow monitoring and oversight or give U.N. agencies the space to operate. A U.N. pledging conference for Yemen on Tuesday seeks $2.41 billion to cover essential activities from June to December.

Grande said the Houthis are working to become more transparent, and that she hopes this will encourage donor countries to give aid.

Tuesday’s conference will be co-hosted for the first time by Saudi Arabia — a major player in Yemen’s civil war since it first unleashed a bombing campaign in 2015 to try to push back the Iranian-backed Houthis who had seized the northern half of the country.

Critics question the Saudis’ high-profile role in rallying humanitarian support even as they continue to wage a war — as do the Houthis — that has created the world’s worst humanitarian crisis.

Maysaa Shuja al-Deen, a Yemeni researcher and a non-resident fellow at the Sana’a Center for Strategic Studies, said the kingdom is trying to repair its international image by changing the conversation.

Saudi Arabia “has always tried to change the narrative of the war and present itself as a backer of the legitimate government, not part of the conflict,” she said.

Among the slashed programs is financial support to thousands of health workers who haven’t received salaries from the government for nearly three years. Grande said that just a week before the first coronavirus case was announced in Yemen, aid agencies had to stop paying health workers.

Without salaries, medical staff won’t be able to provide health services to patients amid the pandemic.

The World Health Organization believes that there is a significant underestimation of the outbreak, which could further hinder efforts to get supplies into Yemen that are needed to contain the virus.

Richard Brennan, the WHO’s regional emergency director, told the AP that he believes the deaths are in the hundreds and cases in the thousands, based on what he’s heard from numerous health care providers. But he said the lack of funding means the organization’s health programs are hanging by a thread.

https://apnews.com/fdba754d75751ac232e2cb37b9d7da4b

and also https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/06/yemen-urgent-funding-plea-vital-operations-200601104310349.html

(* B E H)

Remittances to Yemen plummet as needs surge amid war and coronavirus

There has been an unprecedented decline in the flow of remittances to Yemen – a vital source of money for millions - just as cases of coronavirus surge and international aid dries up in a country already devastated by more than five years of war. Oxfam is calling on the international community to ensure funding both for Yemen’s coronavirus response and to address the country’s huge humanitarian needs ahead of a pledging conference taking place virtually on Tuesday (2 June).

Money transfer providers in six governorates across Yemen told Oxfam they had seen the number of remittances drop by as much as 80 per cent between January and April this year as Yemenis working in Gulf states, the UK and the US saw their incomes plummet due to lockdowns and social distancing.

The World Bank estimates that one in ten people in Yemen wholly rely on money transfers to meet their basic needs. Remittances to Yemen in 2019 totalled $3.8bn - 13 per cent of GDP.

One service provider in Sa’ada said the number of remittances his business had received had dropped from 2500 in January 2020 to barely 100 in March and April – a reduction of 96 per cent. He estimated that up to 30,000 people were dependent on this money.

Muhsin Siddiquey, Oxfam’s Yemen Country Director said: “Without the safety net of remittances, more Yemenis may be forced to rely on aid as a lifeline. Although the world is reeling from the virus, the international community needs to make sure that life-saving aid continues to flow to those most in need.”

The vast majority of Yemeni migrants reside and work in Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states. Most are not covered by those states’ economic initiatives to protect jobs and businesses so have faced the loss of their income as well as continued living expenses.

Remittances are an important source of foreign currency, helping to stabilise Yemen’s hard-hit economy.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/remittances-yemen-plummet-needs-surge-amid-war-and-coronavirus

(* B H)

Race Against Time to Deliver Services and Support to Yemenis

The World Bank’s Yemen Integrated Urban Services Emergency Project (YIUSEP) has been providing support to the health sector through integrated services, which are critical in the fight against COVID-19 and other diseases.

Dr. Mutahar Mohammed Murshid, Director of Al Jamhouri public hospital in Sana’a, had feared the news of COVID-19’s arrival in Yemen for weeks before the first confirmed cases last month. Bracing for a response, albeit with extremely limited resources, he is assured on one front: the provision of solar power through the YIUSEP now ensures that the hospital has a supply of electricity around the clock.

Before the solar installation, which took place in October 2018, the hospital had to manage with only half of the power it required to run critical services for an average of 16 hours a day. A generator previously used to supplement the power supply from the grid, but it was expensive, as well as unreliable because of frequent disruptions to supplies of diesel fuel as well.

YIUSEP is in the process of providing 76 health facilities with electricity. Solar photovoltaic (PV) systems have already been installed and are operational at 44 of them in the cities of Aden, Sana’a, and Hodeida. The remaining 32 health facilities should start to receive electricity through the project’s interventions by the end of September 2020.

In addition to providing solar energy to hospitals, in 10 cities across Yemen the YIUSEP is supporting sectors like water, sanitation, hygiene, and solid waste management In addition to providing solar energy to hospitals, in 10 cities across Yemen the YIUSEP is supporting sectors like water, sanitation, hygiene, and solid waste management

https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2020/06/03/race-against-time-to-deliver-services-and-support-to-yemenis

(* B H)

Yemen Key Message Update: COVID-19 caseload increases while food import levels remain low in April, May 2020

In Yemen, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes prevail in many areas in the presence of large-scale humanitarian food assistance. In the coming months, deteriorating macroeconomic conditions and impacts of COVID-19 are expected to further increase food prices, disrupt livelihoods, and restrict access to income. Due to these factors and the impact of cuts to humanitarian assistance in northern Houthi-controlled areas, an increasing number of people are expected to deteriorate to Crisis (IPC Phase 3), Emergency (IPC Phase 4), and Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). A risk of Famine (IPC Phase 5) persists and would be possible if the country’s capacity to import food is severely limited or if food supplies to particular areas are restricted for a prolonged period of time.

According to FAO, demand for casual labor and agricultural labor has decreased in recent weeks due to both Ramadan and impacts of COVID-19. Furthermore, according to FAO, livestock producers in Al Hudaydah, Al Jawf, and Hajjah are reportedly selling atypically high numbers of animals as a precaution against potential COVID-19 impacts, despite reduced demand and below-average prices.

According to FAO market monitoring, imported food commodities remained broadly available in the first week of May. However, some disruptions to supply chains of locally produced foods are reportedly resulting in postharvest losses

https://fews.net/east-africa/yemen/key-message-update/may-2020

(B H)

WFP Yemen Situation Report #04, April 2020

WFP provided general food assistance to 8.6 million Yemeni people under the April distributions. * - *The first confirmed case of COVID-19 in Yemen was diagnosed in April in Hadramout governorate. - *WFP requires USD 634 million to continue operations unimpeded over the next six months (June 2020 – November 2020).

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/wfp-yemen-situation-report-04-april-2020

(B H)

Yemen: Health Cluster Achievements (April 2020)

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-health-cluster-achievements-april-2020

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

(A H)

Torrential rains have done considerable damage to al-Shawkani IDP camp in Lahij, which houses civilians from the al-Muhamasheen minority group [#Yemenis of African descent]. For the al-Muhamasheen, systemic marginalization compounds problems of access to services in #Yemen

https://twitter.com/NavantiGroup/status/1268219730999074818

(B H)

Film by UNHCR: In five years, Yemen has become the world's worst humanitarian crisis. They cannot afford five more.

https://twitter.com/Refugees/status/1268154213835497472

(* B H)

Geberkonferenz für den Jemen - nach fünf Jahren Krieg: / Hunger, Cholera und Gefahr durch Covid-19

Anlässlich der heutigen Geber-Konferenz für den Jemen bezeichnet die UNO-Flüchtlingshilfe die Zustände im Land als humanitäre Katastrophe und fordert ein Ende der Kämpfe. Mehr als 24,1 Millionen Jemeniten brauchen humanitäre Unterstützung. Allein seit 2015 wurden über 3,6 Millionen Menschen vertrieben und leben seitdem als Binnenflüchtlinge im Land. Die humanitäre Hilfe ist allerdings dramatisch unterfinanziert. Doch auch die Bedingungen in den Nachbarländern, wie Somalia, sind so aussichtslos, dass über 282.000 Flüchtlinge und Asylsuchende im Jemen Schutz suchen. Die Zivilbevölkerung leidet unter Armut, Hunger, Krankheiten und Bombardements. 2017 brach im Jemen die weltweit schlimmste Cholera-Epidemie aus, die je dokumentiert wurde. Die Folgen einer Corona-Pandemie im Jemen wären verheerend.
"Das Land liegt nach fünf Jahren Krieg am Boden, die Menschen sind verzweifelt. Es helfen nur zwei Punkte: Frieden und finanzielle Unterstützung", fasst Peter Ruhenstroth-Bauer, Geschäftsführer
der UNO-Flüchtlingshilfe, zusammen.

https://news.feed-reader.net/ots/4611911/geberkonferenz-fuer-den-jemen---nach/

(* B H)

In Horn of Africa Migrant Support Centres Join Fight Against Covid-19

During January 2020, some 11,000 irregular migrants arrived in Yemen en route to jobs in the wealthy Gulf Cooperation Council countries, especially Saudi Arabia. Almost all migrants come from the Horn of Africa countries of Ethiopia and Somalia.

The 11,000 arrivals in January was very much in line with average monthly arrivals in 2019.

Now, with COVID-19, migrant crossings to Yemen from the region have plunged, down almost 75 per cent since March, with the steepest decline seen in migrants arriving from Djibouti (96%) and Somalia (65%).

The COVID-19 pandemic’s disruption of migration has brought change to the seven Migration Response Centres, or MRCs, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) maintains in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Somaliland and Puntland. The seven MRCs are designed to provide a lifeline for irregular migrants in distress. Typically, this includes those without food, who are sick or who have been abandoned by smugglers.

https://www.iom.int/news/horn-africa-migrant-support-centres-join-fight-against-covid-19

(* B H)

Yemen | COVID vulnerability assessment and ECHO interventions in IDP hosting sites - DG ECHO Daily Map | 02/06/2020

https://reliefweb.int/map/yemen/yemen-covid-vulnerability-assessment-and-echo-interventions-idp-hosting-sites-dg-echo

(* B H)

Yemen's hidden migrants risk conflict and coronavirus in fight for survival

Refugees face violence and disease as they travel across the Red Sea hoping to find work in the Gulf states

According to the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), as Europe has cracked down on routes over the Mediterranean from Turkey and Libya, the journey to Yemen is now the busiest maritime migration route in the world. Young men in an Aden park told the Guardian they paid 15,000 Ethiopian birr (£354) for the journey.

Almost none of the new arrivals from Ethiopia and Somalia know that war has raged in Yemen for the least five years, impeding their onward journey, or that torture and rape could await them at the hands of smugglers and traffickers. Now, aid agencies are warning that funding shortfalls and cuts and the spread of coronavirus in the country leaves Yemen’s hidden migrant population even more vulnerable.

“As well as Yemenis displaced by the conflict, we are also trying to help migrants who have no money, no support networks, nothing when they get here,” said Jean Nicholas Beuze, the UN refugee agency’s representative to Yemen.

“As of [June] we will have to stop cash payments that help people buy clothes and medicine, and by August we will run out of even the most basic shelter equipment like plastic sheeting.

“Responses take planning: we’re not talking about 2021 here, we’re talking about this week. Everyday this is pushing more people into deep poverty. We are worried about an increase in things like survival sex and marrying off young children.”

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2020/jun/02/yemen-hidden-migrants-risk-conflict-and-coronavirus-in-fight-for-survival

(B H)

IOM Yemen | Rapid Displacement Tracking (RDT) - Reporting Period: 24 - 30 May 2020

From 01 January 2020- 30 May 2020, IOM Yemen DTM estimates that 14,429 Households or 86,574 Individuals have experienced displacement, at least once.

Between the 24th of May 2020 and 30th of May 2020, the highest number of displacements were seen in:

Lahj (131 HH) – Al Had (124 HH), Habil Jabr (7 HH) districts. Most displacements in the governorate were originated from Aden.

Al Dhale'e (82 HH)

Most displacement resulted from spread of COVID-19 in the following Governorates and districts:

Aden (222 HH) – Al Mansura (100 HH), Khur Maksar (29 HH), Ash Shaikh Outhman (29 HH) districts.

Please note that last week’s reported displacement, should have also been recorded as COVID-19 related displacement. Focal points indicate that households reported leaving Aden because limited water availability, crowded, and increasing COVID-19 illness.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/iom-yemen-rapid-displacement-tracking-rdt-reporting-period-24-30-may-2020

(* B H)

Yemen: Shelter Cluster - End Year Report 2019

Yemeni people continue to show incredible resilience after five years of conflict, recurrent flooding, constant threats of famine and cholera, extreme hardship to access basic services like education or health and dwindling livelihoods opportunities– and now, COVID-19. Nearly four million people have now been displaced throughout the country and have thus lost their home.
Shelter is a vital survival mechanism for those who have been directly impacted by the conflict and had their houses destroyed or have had to flee to protect their lives. Often overlooked, shelter interventions provide a safe space where families can pause and start rebuilding their lives – protected from the elements and with the privacy they are entitled to. Shelters are a first step towards displaced families regaining their dignity and building their self-reliance. Without a roof above their head, there will be no family life and no sharing of emotions with loved ones; no opportunity for children to learn or play; no sense of security for women, girls, elderly or persons with disabilities; no place to store one’s belongings; and, no healthy place to eat, rest or sleep.

In 2019, 158 partners – mainly national non-government organizations – provided a wide array of interventions adapted to the families’ needs and aspirations and the local real estate market and environmental conditions: from rental subsidies through cash in particular to prevent evictions threats to emergency shelter kits at the onset of a displacement, or winterization upgrading of shelters of those living in mountainous areas of Yemen or in sites prone to flooding. Both displaced and host communities contributed to the design and building of shelters adapted to the Yemeni context, resorting to locally produced material and offering a much-needed cash-for-work opportunities. As a result, more than 2.1 million people bene-fitted from shelter and non-food items interventions in 2019.

This report provides an overview of 2019 key achievements through a series of maps and infographics disaggregated by types of interventions, targeted populations and per governorate.

Building on these impressive accomplishments, the Shelter Cluster’s partners will continue to work with Yemenis directly affected by the conflict and natual disaster to deliver emergency and long-term solutions. A safe home is the starting place of hope for a peaceful and dignified life for millions of Yemeni, and shelter partners are committed to make it a reality for all.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-shelter-cluster-end-year-report-2019

cp13a Waffenhandel / Arms trade

Siehe / Look at cp9

(* B K P)

UAE Still a Top Client as French Arms Sales Fall

French arms sales dropped nearly 8.6 percent last year to 8.3 billion euros ($9.3 billion) from 2018, with the United Arab Emirates — a key player in the Yemen conflict — still a leading client, a government report said Tuesday.

Middle Eastern clients represented about 30 percent last year with 2.15 billion euros in sales — down from almost 50 percent in 2018 — headed by the UAE with 1.5 billion euros and Saudi Arabia with 208.9 million euros.

The numbers, “achieved in a context of particularly fierce competition confirming America’s supremacy and the emergence of new major exporters, particularly China … consolidates France’s place in the top five of global exporters,” said the report.

In terms of deliveries, 2019 saw 9.9 billion euros worth of arms contracts fulfilled compared to 6.9 billion euros the previous year. Two-thirds of deliveries were to the Middle East — mainly Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt.

The Middle East, “which includes countries at war and/or repressing their civilian populations represented 60 percent of arms deliveries in 2019,” the Observatory of Arms Transfers NGO said in a statement.

France’s arms industry boasts 200,000 jobs.

Macron has built a strong relationship with Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al-Nahyan and they held telephone talks last month, with the French president saying the two countries would “step up our cooperation… to build the post-pandemic world.”

https://www.thedefensepost.com/2020/06/03/uae-still-a-top-client-as-french-arms-sales-fall/

(* B K P)

Better late than never: Why Canada must cancel its Saudi weapons deal now

As Canada laboured to contain the spread of the deadly novel coronavirus last month, Justin Trudeau's government quietly announced it was lifting a freeze on weapons exports to Saudi Arabia.

A $14-billion arms contract to ship light-armoured vehicles, manufactured by Ontario-based General Dynamics Land Systems-Canada, to the Saudi government has been a point of contention for years.

Rights groups have urged Ottawa to nix the deal - which was brokered by a state-owned Crown corporation - amid concerns the vehicles could be used in human rights abuses inside Saudi Arabia and in conflicts abroad, such as the devastating war in Yemen.

But under the cover of Covid-19, the Trudeau government did what it has done since taking office on the question of Saudi Arabia: it used the language of human rights and promises of future, more robust safeguards to maintain business as usual with the regime in Riyadh.

Since he was elected in late 2015, Trudeau has made it clear that the Saudi weapons deal, which he inherited from his conservative predecessor Stephen Harper, would move forward, despite a long list of reasons it could and should be cancelled.

Yet a 2019 law under which Canada acceded to the UN's Arms Trade Treaty states that Ottawa must not issue an arms export permit when there is a "substantial risk" those arms could be used in rights abuses.

The Saudi arms deal has been a litmus test for the Canadian prime minister - and it is one that he has failed.

In an open letter to Trudeau in mid-May, Amnesty International Canada and other rights groups said Canada's promises to strengthen its arms export system "will lack credibility" when it allows weapons shipments to Saudi Arabia to go ahead. The answer is clear, the groups said: cancel the deal.

https://english.alaraby.co.uk/english/comment/2020/5/29/why-canada-must-cancel-its-saudi-weapons-deal

cp13b Wirtschaft / Economy

(A E P)

On the eve of donor conference, Economist calls for new deposit to back Yemen’s economy

A Yemeni economist called on Monday for a new deposit into the Central Bank of Yemen (CBY; Aden branch) to back the Yemenis economy.

Mostafa Nassr, Chairman of the Studies and Economic Media Center voiced his suggestion on the eve of Yemen’s donor conference hosted by Saudi Arabia on Tuesday 2 June.

Nassr said that the foreign cash deposit is a critical to stabilize the value of the national currency to secure imports of the basic commodities.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-39976

(* B E)

Can Yemen’s Oil Industry Make A Comeback?

Yemen’s oil-producing story has plenty of similarities to that of Syria – before the oil crash of 2009 it used to produce some 300-350kbpd, however first due to external market conditions and then due to the immediate effects of armed conflict Yemeni crude output has plummeted quite spectacularly. The low point was reached at the height of fighting in 2016, then Yemeni production hovered around 40kbpd. As of late 2019 Yemen has managed to produce some 60kbpd of crude and, with domestic refining virtually non-existent, even managed to export some of it to predominantly Chinese customers. The past years have seen Yemeni deliveries to India, Japan, Italy or Malaysia, however all of 2020 cargoes have been to China.

As opposed to Syria whose oil sector is still heavily debilitated by international sanctions, Yemen could move towards a restart of oil production relatively soon – the only thing it needs is a cessation of hostilities.

It must be pointed out that Yemen already hosts two foreign companies, although one of them seems to be intent on leaving the country. The Indonesian independent oil firm PT Medco controls the Block 82 concession (Wadi Amed) but has already filed last year for its relinquishment – which still failed to take place as the relevant government approval is missing. This leaves the Austrian OMV in the privileged position of being the only NOC that is currently producing in Yemen – on its Block S-2 it resumed oil production in April 2018 and has been pumping some 4kbpd of crude from the Habban oil field. Generally speaking, very little of Yemen’s hydrocarbon bounty is located in Houthi-controlled territory. Nevertheless, the Yemeni authorities are experiencing intense difficulty in bringing crude, most of which is in the Marib Basin in the central part of the country, to seaside ports from where they can be shipped elsewhere.

One of the very few bright stories that one might search for in the past 5 years of continued conflict is the relative intactness of Yemen’s LNG industry. Albeit out of operation, the Yemen LNG plant located in Balhaf is without substantial damage (so far only one pipeline was damaged in fights) and might be restarted relatively easily given that safety conditions are suitable – by Viktor Katona

https://oilprice.com/Energy/Crude-Oil/Can-Yemens-Oil-Industry-Make-A-Comeback.html

cp14 Terrorismus / Terrorism

(A T)

#Yemen #jihad re-cap for May #AQAP 10 lectures by Batarfi (recorded en masse) 6 audio re-mixes of Raymi 2 nashids 1 statement (on Muslims in India) Then total silence since 13 May alleged #drone strike #ISIS 1 photoset of Ramadan life 3 IEDs on Houthis (so ISIS says) in Qayfa

https://twitter.com/Dr_E_Kendall/status/1267496062538973184

So it's *possible* (NOT certain) that Guy running #AQAP media was killed in 13 May strike

This is same #Yemen op FBI said killed #Pensacola shooter contact Abdallah al-Maliki (AQAP wire is called Abdallah al-Mujahid)

AQAP is involved in ops post 13 May but can't post claims

https://twitter.com/Dr_E_Kendall/status/1267529198534627329

cp15 Propaganda

(A P)

Saudi Press: Saudi Arabia Provides Full Support for Yemen to Find a Way out of its Crisis

Saudi newspapers highlighted in their editorials today a number of issues at local, regional, and international arenas.
Al-Bilad newspaper reported in its editorial that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia as the largest supporter for Yemen to find a way out of its crisis that caused by the terrorist of Houthi militia has successfully mobilized the international community for supporting the development and reconstruction plans in Yemen as humanitarian response.
The paper added that Saudi Arabia is still providing Yemen with unprecedented humanitarian, relief and development programs through King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center (KSRelief), as the whole world is confronting the outbreak of Novel Coronavirus Pandemic and its severe economic impacts.
The total humanitarian support provided by Saudi Arabia for Yemen in less than a decade has reached $ 17 billion, along with providing full support for UN humanitarian efforts for bringing stability there in order to reach a political solution for such crisis and the tragic conditions caused by the terrorist of Iranian-backed Houthi militia, the paper concluded.

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2094628

(A P)

Houthis continue to block aid, attack Saudi Arabia: White House National Security Counci

The Houthis continue to block humanitarian aid in Yemen and attack Saudi Arabia with drones provided by Iran, the White House National Security Council said on Wednesday.
“Instead of heeding UN calls for a ceasefire, the Houthis are attacking Saudi Arabia with explosive UAVs provided by Iran,” the council said.
The council urged the Houthis “to work toward a peaceful solution to end the conflict in Yemen.”
The comments come a day after Saudi Arabia hosted a donor conference for Yemen in partnership with the UN where the Kingdom pledged an aid package worth $500 million.

https://www.arabnews.com/node/1684306/middle-east

https://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/middle-east/2020/06/03/Defying-UN-Houthis-attacking-Saudi-Arabia-with-explosives-from-Iran-White-House.html

My comment: Propaganda by the White House. Never forget, the US is warring party in Yemen.

(A P)

Film: The nicest moment of the Yemen Pledging Conference brilliantly handled by UAE Minister Reem Al Hashimi

https://twitter.com/HMAMichaelAron/status/1267834001814892544 (by UK ambassador to Yemen)

Comment: How nice of the UAE and UK to get together with Saudi to pledge money to Yemen while actively destroying the country and starving its children. We see you for the war criminals you are.

https://twitter.com/shireen818/status/1267939237736964096

Comment: It’s also nice that the UAE, which has used divisive tactics in the south of the country and contributed to more than 100,000 killed... donated a total of £0 in this #Yemen aid summit.

https://twitter.com/Sanasiino/status/1268125924085637120

(A P)

Al-Iryani: Saudi Arabia mobilizes for supporting Yemen, Iran sends weapons for killing Yemenis

[Hadi gov.] Minister of Information Mua’mar al-Iryani has praised the role played by Saudi Arabia- in cooperation with the United Nations- for organizing and making the donor conference on Yemen 2020 successful.

Talking to Saba News Agency on Wednesday, al-Iryani said while the world has been occupied by its internal problems and political and economic challenges caused by corona virus, brothers in Saudi Arabia have not forgotten the world greatest crisis in Yemen over Houthi triggered war supported by Iran.

Saudi Arabia is the world leader in terms of supporting Yemeni people over its ordeal caused by Houthi militia and introducing the size of the crisis and mobilizing world’s support to Yemen, pointing to some countries, which used Yemeni people’s suffering a tool for political and media plots, he said.

On the role of Iran, said al-Iryani: ” we only saw from Iranian regime support to terrorist militia

http://en.26sepnews.net/2020/06/03/al-iryani-saudi-arabia-mobilizes-for-supporting-yemen-iran-sends-weapons-for-killing-yemenis/

(A P)

In this difficult time, the #EU continues to stand by the most vulnerable in #Yemen. EU allocates additional €70m to help respond to the spread of the #coronavirus in the country and to provide assistance to vulnerable populations. #StrongerTogether

https://twitter.com/EUinYemen/status/1268151775409975301

My comment: What a hypocritical propaganda by this Arms Sellers Union.

(A P)

[Hadi gov.] Yemeni Minister of Planning Praises High-Level of Organization of Yemen High-Level Pledging Event 2020 in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

The Yemeni Minister of Planning and International Cooperation, Dr. Najeeb Al-Ouj, has praised the high-level organization by the brotherly Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in partnership with the United Nations, of the High-Level Pledging Event for Yemen 2020 to support the humanitarian response plan in Yemen, with significant international participation.

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2094237#2094237

(A P)

Vice-President of Republic of Yemen: Kingdom always supports Yemen and stands beside its people

Vice-President of the Republic of Yemen, General Ali Mohsen Saleh, described the invitation and the organization by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in partnership with the United Nations of the Yemen High-Level Pledging Event 2020 virtually on Tuesday as a major humanitarian gesture, and considered it as an extension of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's positions towards Yemen, which is experiencing the worst humanitarian crisis ever caused by the Iranian-backed Houthi militia.
In a press statement on this occasion, he expressed appreciation for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's efforts in organizing this conference and said that the brothers in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia always help Yemen and stand beside its people noting that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is one of the largest supporters and financers of the humanitarian response plans in his country, along with its support to face the consequences of the outbreak of Covid-19.
The Yemeni Vice President praised the great relief, development and humanitarian role played by the King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Centre, KSrelief, and the Saudi Development and Reconstruction Program for Yemen

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2093848

(A P)

[Hadi gov.] Yemeni Info. Minister: Houthis implementing an Iranian plot to divide Yemen

The Houthi group (Ansar Allah) represents the spearhead in implementing an Iranian plan to divide Yemen since its coup against the state, according to the Minister of Information in the Yemeni internationally recognized government, Moammar Al-Eryani

"The group, through its “constitutional declaration,” attempted to perpetuate separation as a fait accompli by targeting the structure of the state, the constitution, the law, the army, civil peace, and social fabric, calling for regional and sectarian discourse, and sowing hatred and hatred among Yemenis.", he added.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-17495.html

(A P)

More Saudi coalition „We are benefactors“ propaganda

https://www.finanzen.net/nachricht/aktien/saudi-arabia-continues-proactive-development-measures-in-yemen-during-covid-19-pandemic-8936330

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2094593

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2094435

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2094232

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2094093

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2094042

https://debriefer.net/en/news-17513.html

https://twitter.com/KSRelief_EN/status/1266418595170594818

https://saudigazette.com.sa/article/593745/SAUDI-ARABIA/Saudi-Arabia-pledges-$500m-to-support-Yemen-humanitarian-response-plan

http://en.adenpress.news/news/23183

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2093849

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2093841

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2093805

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2093687

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2093691

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2093627

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2093610

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-39960

http://en.adenpress.news/news/23177

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2093471

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2093470

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2093465

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2093462

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2093457

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2093420

cp16 Saudische Luftangriffe / Saudi air raids

(* A K pH)

Saudi coalition air raids and shelling day by day

June 2: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1682483231902035/

June 1: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1682482398568785/

May 31: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1682480871902271/

May 30: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1682480041902354/

May 29: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1682478928569132/

May 28: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1682476671902691/

May 27: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1682475828569442/

May 26: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1682475511902807/

May 25: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1682474761902882/

May 24: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1682502355233456/

May 23: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1682473995236292/

May 22: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1682472608569764/

May 21: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1682472608569764/

May 20: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1682468971903461/

May 19: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1682468025236889/

May 18: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1682467525236939/

(A K pH)

Aggressionsluftwaffe fliegt 7 Luftangriffen auf Marib MARIB, 4. Juni

https://www.saba.ye/de/news3098660.htm

(A K pH)

19 Luftangriffe auf 4 Provinzen

https://www.saba.ye/de/news3098664.htm

(A K pH)

Aggressionsluftwaffe fliegt drei Luftangriffe auf Haradh in Hadschah an

https://www.saba.ye/de/news3098640.htm

(A K pH)

Seven Saudi-led aggression airstrikes hit Saada, Hajjah

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3098636.htm

(A K pH)

4 Aggressionsluftangriffe auf den Bezirk Kutaf in Saada

https://www.saba.ye/de/news3098637.htm

(A K pH)

4 Saudi-led air raids target Kutaf district in Saada

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3098627.htm

(A K pH)

US-Saudi Aggression Launches Series of Raids on Several Governorates

https://english.almasirah.net/details.php?es_id=13228

US-Saudi Aggression’s Daily Update for Tuesday, June 2nd, 2020

https://english.almasirah.net/details.php?es_id=13249

(A K pH)

16 Luftangriffe der Aggressionskoalition auf Marib

https://www.saba.ye/de/news3098551.htm

(A K pH)

Kriegsflugzeuge der Aggression fliegen 7 Luftangriffe auf Marib und Al-Dschouf an

https://www.saba.ye/de/news3098507.htm

(A K pH)

Seven Saudi-led aggression airstrikes hit Yemen

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3098506.htm

(A K pH)

35 Luftangriffe auf mehrere Provinzen

https://www.saba.ye/de/news3098504.htm

(A K pH)

35 airstrikes on multiple provinces

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3098475.htm

(* B K pH)

Film: The hysterical raids of the aggression air on the city of Haradh in Hajjah

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xZsfbxCcVrY = https://nthnews.net/en/yemennews/watch-this-video-saudi-terrifying-airstrikes-on-yemens-hajjah-governorate/

(A K pH)

24 Saudi-led airstrikes hit Majzar district in Marib

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3098442.htm

(A K pH)

Aggression warplanes target Saada four times

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3098432.htm

(A K pH)

Aggression warplanes re-target Marib with fivestrikes

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3098363.htm

(A K pH)

US-Saudi Aggression’s Daily Update for Sunday, May 31st, 2020

https://english.almasirah.net/details.php?es_id=13197

(A K pH)

Luftangriffe auf Saada

https://www.saba.ye/de/news3098321.htm

(A K pH)

Aggressionsluftwaffe fliegt 17 Luftangriffe auf den Bezirk Serwah in Marib an

https://www.saba.ye/de/news3098287.htm

(A K pH)

Aggression coalition aircraft wage 17 airstirkes on Marib

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3098289.htm

(A K pH)

Aggressionsluftwaffe fliegt 2 Luftangriffe auf Haradh in Hadschah an

https://www.saba.ye/de/news3098265.htm

(A K pH)

Aggression coalition warplanes wage 2 raids on Hajjah

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3098256.htm

cp17 Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

Siehe / Look at cp1b

(A K pS)

Photo: This is not a cement block, but it's a new type of explosive devices laid by #Houthi cell in #Marib city. Special security forces managed to detect and defuse this device today before going off in a street in the city, according to security sources.

https://twitter.com/Alsakaniali/status/1267873229160448001

(A K pS)

Southern Joint Forces units dismantle Houthi mines networks in Al-Dhalea

The engineering units of the Joint Southern Forces dismantled on Saturday, a number of mines networks planted by the Houthi militia, north of Al-Dhalea governorate

https://en.smanews.org/southern-joint-forces-units-dismantle-houthi-mines-networks-in-al-dhalea

(A K pS)

Child gets martyred and two others get wounded due to Houthi militia shelling east of Al-Fakher

According to local sources from the attack location east of the city of Al-Fakher, told the “Media Center of the axis of Al-Dhalea”, that the Houthi militia launched a random bombardment at five o’clock evening towards the village, with a number of explosives, one of which fell beside the house of the deceased child’s father, resulting in a martyrdom of his daughter and another son were wounded next to them.

https://en.smanews.org/child-gets-martyred-and-two-others-get-wounded-due-to-houthi-militia-shelling-east-of-al-fakher

(A K pS)

Houthi militias Suffer Heavy Losses in Nihm Front

http://en.26sepnews.net/2020/06/03/houthi-militias-suffer-heavy-losses-in-nihm-front/

(A K)

Al Houthi militants reportedly shelled a civilian bus in a residential neighborhood of Taiz city in southern Yemen’s Taiz governorate on June 3. The attack killed a woman and injured four other people. Al Houthi militants clashed with Hadi government forces in Taiz city in mid-May.[2]

https://www.criticalthreats.org/briefs/gulf-of-aden-security-review/gulf-of-aden-security-review-june-3-2020

this is the same incident:

(A K pS)

Houthis shelling kills woman injures six others in Taiz

Locals sources said that the Houthi militias indiscriminately shelled residential area in the down town of Taiz city on Wednesday.

A projectile felled down nearby water tank resulted in killing a woman was collecting water and six people more among them one women and three children sustained injuries.

http://en.26sepnews.net/2020/06/03/houthis-shelling-kills-woman-injures-six-others-in-taiz/

https://www.khabaragency.net/news127216.html

Photos: https://twitter.com/ycmhrv/status/1268156829575585793

https://republicanyemen.net/archives/24402

Film: https://twitter.com/BelqeesRights/status/1268570001629483008

(A K pS)

Seven-year-old girl killed, two others wounded due to Houthi shelling

One child was killed and two others wounded on Sunday in Al Dhalea province as a result of indiscriminate shelling launched by the Houthi group, Iran’s proxy in Yemen.

https://republicanyemen.net/archives/24357

(A K pS)

Al-Dhale: Southern army closes in on Houthi in al-Fakher, foil attack on al-Hasha

http://en.adenpress.news/news/23187

(A K pS)

Yemen [Hadi] govt forces repel Houthi attack and secure new areas

https://www.arabnews.com/node/1683426/middle-east

(A K)

Saudi-led coalition says shot down two drones launched by Yemen's Houthis: agency

The Saudi-led coalition engaged in Yemen shot down two drones launched in the direction of Saudi Arabia by the Houthi group, Saudi state news agency SPA reported, citing a coalition spokesman.

The two drones were launched toward the border town of Khamis Mushait, SPA said, accusing Houthi forces of targeting civilian facilities and residential areas.

The Houthis did not confirm the attacks

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-yemen-security-saudi/saudi-led-coalition-says-shot-down-two-drones-launched-by-yemens-houthis-agency-idUSKBN2381W5

(A K pS)

KSrelief Masam Project Dismantles 316 Mines in Yemen during Fourth Week of May

King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Center's project for clearing mines in Yemen (Masam) demined 316 mines during the fourth week of May 2020, including 56 anti-tank mines, 257 unexploded ordnance and three explosive devices.

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2093388

(A K pH)

Almasirah TV Cameraman Killed in Northern Yemen

https://english.almasirah.net/details.php?es_id=13202

(A K pH)

Raketenangriffe auf Saada

https://www.saba.ye/de/news3098321.htm

(A K pH)

Saudi aggression army hits Saada

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3098309.htm

cp18 Sonstiges / Other

(* A H)

13 Tote durch Zyklon im Jemen

Im Jemen sind mindestens 13 Menschen durch den Tropensturm „Nisarga“ getötet worden, darunter fünf Kinder. Dutzende weitere Menschen seien verletzt und zahlreiche Häuser zerstört worden, teilte ein Regierungsvertreter gestern mit. Der Zyklon war in den vergangenen drei Tagen über das Arabische Meer hinweggefegt. Gestern erreichte er die indische Westküste. Auch dort starben nach Behördenangaben zwei Menschen.

Im Jemen war nach Angaben des Regierungsvertreters vor allem die Provinz Hadramut von dem Zyklon betroffen. In den vergangenen drei Tagen hatte es dort heftige Regenfälle gegeben. Dutzende Häuser, vor allem solche, die nahe an Tälern gebaut waren, wurden in den Fluten weggespült.

https://orf.at/stories/3168224/

(* A H)

Flooding from heavy seasonal rains leaves 16 dead in Yemen

Floods swept through Yemen amid heavy seasonal rains, leaving at least 16 people dead and flooding dozens of homes, security officials said Thursday.

The casualties were reported in eastern Hadramawt and southern Shabwa provinces, where it began raining late Wednesday, said the officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to brief the media. Yemen’s rainy season runs from April to the end of August.

At least 25 houses were flooded and hundreds of livestock killed in Hadramawt, the officials said. Yemeni military planes have been rescuing residents trapped in valleys by the flooding.

https://apnews.com/a89759bbe936600560de594e8957b9a9

(* A H)

Family Drown In Flood Waters in Hadramout

A family of 6 members were swept away by flood waters in Wadi Henin of Hadramout governorate on Wednesday.
Locals said that three dead bodies were recovered, two others were rescued and one is missing, a search being conducted for him.

http://en.adenpress.news/news/23210

and

(A)

Photos: Morning rains in the city of #Aden flood some neighborhoods

https://twitter.com/faizahsulimani/status/1268383822430814209

(A)

Low pressure feared to affect Yemeni eastern coasts

The Yemeni metrology unit in the eastern governorate of Hadhramout on Sunday warned against low horizontal vision and risky thunderstorms resulted from the low-pressure area movement over eastern Gulf of Ade

https://debriefer.net/en/news-17488.html

(B D)

A YouTube star spent the last 3 months on a remote island off the coast of Yemen, not knowing when she could leave

Eva zu Beck is an adventure traveler who gained her following by documenting her travels to destinations such as Syria and Pakistan.

She landed in Socotra Island, Yemen, on March 11, to run the remote island's first marathon.

Shortly after the race, she and her fellow runners were informed that they had to leave immediately, as the coronavirus pandemic was spreading and countries around the world were closing their borders.

She decided to stay. Little did she know she would spend three months on the island.

At the time of writing, zu Beck told Insider via email that she managed to leave Socotra on a cargo ship on May 30 — a full three months after arriving.

https://www.insider.com/eva-zu-beck-spent-lockdown-on-socotra-island-yemen-2020-6

Vorige / Previous:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-655-yemen-war-mosaic-655

Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 1-655 / Yemen War Mosaic 1-655:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose oder / or http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

Der saudische Luftkrieg im Bild / Saudi aerial war images:

(18 +, Nichts für Sensible!) / (18 +; Graphic!)

http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

http://yemenwarcrimes.blogspot.de/

http://www.yemenwar.info/

Liste aller Luftangriffe / and list of all air raids:

http://yemendataproject.org/data/

Untersuchung ausgewählter Luftangriffe durch Bellingcat / Bellingcat investigations of selected air raids:

https://yemen.bellingcat.com/

Untersuchungen von Angriffen, hunderte von Filmen / Investigations of attacks, hundreds of films:

https://yemeniarchive.org/en

13:13 04.06.2020
Dieser Beitrag gibt die Meinung des Autors wieder, nicht notwendigerweise die der Redaktion des Freitag.
Geschrieben von

Dietrich Klose

Vielfältig interessiert am aktuellen Geschehen, zur Zeit besonders: Ukraine, Russland, Jemen, Rolle der USA, Neoliberalismus, Ausbeutung der 3. Welt
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Dietrich Klose

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