Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 697 - Yemen War Mosaic 697

Yemen Press Reader 697: 30. Nov. 2020: Kindersoldaten in pro-saudischen Milizen – Das Problem der Spaltung von Jemens Zentralbank – Britische Soldaten „verteidigen“ saudische Ölfelder – Biden...
Bei diesem Beitrag handelt es sich um ein Blog aus der Freitag-Community

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

... Biden und Nahost: Obama 2.0 oder besser? – und mehr

Nov. 30, 2020: Child soldiers in pro-Saudi militia – The problems of Yemen’s Central Bank split – British soldiers “defending” Saudi oil filelds – Biden and the Middle East: Obama 2.0 or better? – and more

Schwerpunkte / Key aspects

Kursiv: Siehe Teil 2 / In Italics: Look in part 2: https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-697b-yemen-war-mosaic-697b

Klassifizierung / Classification

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Coronavitrus und Seuchen / Most important: Coronavirus and epidemics

cp1b Am wichtigsten: Großer Gefangenenaustausch / Most important: Great prisoner swap

cp2 Allgemein / General

cp2a Allgemein: Saudische Blockade / General: Saudi blockade

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

cp6 Separatisten und Hadi-Regierung im Südjemen / Separatists and Hadi government in Southern Yemen

cp7 UNO und Friedensgespräche / UN and peace talks

cp8 Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

cp9 USA

cp9a USA-Iran Krise: Spannungen am Golf / US-Iran crisis: Tensions at the Gulf

cp10 Großbritannien / Great Britain

cp11 Deutschland / Germany

cp12 Andere Länder / Other countries

cp12a Katar-Krise / Qatar crisis

cp13a Söldner / Mercenaries

cp13b Kulturerbe / Cultural heritage

cp13c Wirtschaft / Economy

cp14 Terrorismus / Terrorism

cp15 Propaganda

cp16 Saudische Luftangriffe / Saudi air raids

cp17 Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

cp18 Kampf um Hodeidah / Hodeidah battle

cp19 Sonstiges / Other

Klassifizierung / Classification

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**

*

(Kein Stern / No star)

? = Keine Einschatzung / No rating

A = Aktuell / Current news

B = Hintergrund / Background

C = Chronik / Chronicle

D = Details

E = Wirtschaft / Economy

H = Humanitäre Fragen / Humanitarian questions

K = Krieg / War

P = Politik / Politics

pH = Pro-Houthi

pS = Pro-Saudi

T = Terrorismus / Terrorism

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

Ältere einführende Artikel u. Überblicke für alle, die mit den Ereignissen im Jemen noch nicht vertraut sind, hier:

Yemen War: Older introductory articles, overviews, for those who are still unfamiliar with the Yemen war here:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-einfuehrende-artikel-u-ueberblicke

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Film: Yemen: Where America tests its weapons

The US spends more on military aid to Saudi Arabia than on humanitarian aid to Yemen as the former continues to wage war on the latter. RT America's Alex Mihailovich reports. Then former UK MP George Galloway weighs in on the conflict and why it is met with such widespread ignorance and apathy in the West.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nPFELNMp4qw

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Foto: Jemen: Krieg und Hunger zerstören eine ganze Generation

https://www.gmx.net/magazine/unicef/jemen-krieg-hunger-zerstoeren-generation-33797030 = https://web.de/magazine/unicef/jemen-krieg-hunger-zerstoeren-generation-33797030

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Film: Malnourished three-month-old twins in Yemen among victims of ‘world’s worst famine in decades’

Three-month-old Yemeni twins, Al-Hasan and AI-Hussein, are suffering from acute malnutrition and are among the more than 20 such cases admitted each day to the hospital where they are now being treated. Yemen is in “imminent danger of the worst famine the world has seen for decades”, United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres warned on November 20, 2020.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qzf0SgGWbVk

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The humanitarian crisis in Yemen is the worst I’ve ever seen it – starving children need help now

The dire scenes in this war-ravaged nation are apocalyptic, the government must stop selling arms to Saudi Arabia and send food to Yemen now.

The healthcare system in Yemen has collapsed due to an epidemic, but it isn’t Covid-19 that has caused it – it’s child starvation.

Everywhere I go, every family I speak to, their concern isn’t masks, or social distancing, or washing their hands. Their concern is: “I need food or my children will starve to death”.

There are many, many differences between the situation here in Yemen and the situation in Syria. While poverty has sky-rocketed in Syria since the start of the conflict, prior to its start it was a middle-income country. Yemen was ravaged by poverty long before the civil war.

On this visit, I was in the country a matter of hours when I saw the first of many cases of child malnutrition.

My colleague Abdulqadir Muhammad from the Yemeni Red Crescent told me of a mother and a child admitted to hospital on Tuesday. Abdulqadir explained; "the reason so many children are suffering from malnutrition is because their mothers are starving, they can't afford any food and their bodies are so weak that they can't produce any milk to breastfeed their children".

The humanitarian instinct in me kicked in, I wanted to meet this mother and her child. I wanted to help.

For the people of Yemen, coronavirus is only one of many worries. They want to feed their children.

This sentiment was confirmed when I visited a former school that was bombed in an airstrike and now houses 55 displaced families. When I asked Jaber, who was the representative for the displaced families, why nobody was wearing a mask or seemed to be bothered about coronavirus he replied: “Why should we be bothered about coronavirus when we don't have any food to eat nor water to drink?"

In the hard-hit port city of al-Hodeida, I saw even more distressing scenes. People here have been in poverty long before the escalation of the conflict five years ago, but now the situation is worse than it's ever been. For those who haven't left their homes and fled to a different part of Yemen, there is little hope of any proper health care and most people don't know where their next meal is coming from.

The scenes in al-Sabeen women and children's hospital in Sanaa were apocalyptic. Almost every bed and every ward was occupied by a malnourished child. Their tiny skeletons visible through their skin. It will haunt me forever.

Despite the terrible conditions in the al-Sabaeen hospital, these families were the lucky ones as they had received some healthcare.

Each of the hundreds of thousands of cases of children on the brink of death due to starvation is a tragedy, but do you know what else is a tragedy? How preventable this all is. Since the Saudi Arabia-led bombardment of Yemen began in March 2015 the UK has licensed at least £5.3 billion worth of arms to Riyadh. Our government needs to take a lesson from NGOs like Syria Relief, and send Yemen food, not weapons – by Adam Kelwick

https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/yemen-war-child-starvation-coronavirus-b1761708.html

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

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Yemeni Children as Young as Seven Being Recruited by Saudi Arabia to Kill or Be Killed

In 2019, UNICEF reported that there are more than 2,700 cases of children enlisted in combat in Yemen pointing out that “this could just be a tip of the iceberg.”
Exclusive footage from Al Jazeera shows that these children are being recruited to defend the Saudi border, as if billions of dollars worth of purchased arms and military equipment are not enough for this purpose.

One of these child soldiers is Ahmad al-Naqib - from a village near Taiz - who left home when he was 15-year-old. He had been promised to get regular paycheck and a job in the kitchens of Yemeni military units on Saudi soil.
“We went because we were told we would be working in a kitchen and making 3,000 Saudi riyals ($800)… so we believed them and got on the bus.”
They know about the people that they are recruiting, people they are promising, what seems to be large amounts of money and not delivering those large amounts of money, sometimes tricking them into being, thinking they're going to be working as kitchen hands or in some cases and then being pushed into the front line with weapons, so I'm sure that they know about it and then I think it does reflect the fact that the Saudis have very little respect for people in their own system at the bottom of the heap, so to speak.

Investigators have identified a military camp in al-Buqa', near the Saudi border, where the child recruits are being trained.
The recruitment process is facilitated by human traffickers and the recruits are given identification cards before crossing into Saudi Arabia and being placed into a military camp.

According to Geneva-based human rights monitoring organization SAM, many Yemenis are entering the kingdom under the pretext of receiving emergency medical treatment only to be sent to the Yemen-Saudi border to fight for Riyadh.
"The Saudi-led coalition is recruiting boys from schools, poor urban areas and detention centers, inducing them to fight with a combination of bribes, indoctrination and coercion."

But the Saudi-led coalition does not recruit only Yemeni children. In late 2018, Riyadh came under fire for recruiting Sudanese children to fight on its behalf in Yemen. Tens of thousands of desperate survivors of the conflict in Darfur, many of them children, are now fighting in Yemen.

These children are reportedly being paid in Saudi riyals, the equivalent of about $480 a month for a 14-year-old novice. They receive an additional $185 to $285 for any month they saw combat.
Their payments were deposited directly into the Faisal Islamic Bank of Sudan, partly owned by Saudis.
According to The Times, Sudanese soldiers who fought in Yemen said that between 20% and 40% of their units were made up of children.

https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2020/11/28/639521/Yemeni-children-as-young-as-seven-being-recruited-by-KSA-to-kill-or-be-killed = https://www.islamtimes.org/en/article/900591/yemeni-children-as-young-seven-being-recruited-by-saudi-arabia-to-kill-or-be-killed = https://english.almasirah.net/post/16393/Yemeni-Children-As-Young-As-Seven-Being-Recruited-by-KSA-to-Kill-Or-Be-Killed

My comment: Ca. 70 % of Yemeni child soldiers are recruited by the Houthis. Thus it’s quite odd when they now mock the Saudis for this, by adopting this report.

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Yemen Economic Bulletin: Battle to Regulate Banks Threatens to Rupture the Financial Sector

Introduction

The rival branches of the fragmented Central Bank of Yemen (CBY) have recently escalated their battle for control over access to data held by the country’s commercial and Islamic banks and money exchange firms, threatening the viability of the financial sector overall and risking a broad spectrum of economic and humanitarian fallout. This struggle comes as the latest salvo in the years-long economic war between the Aden-based CBY, affiliated with the internationally recognized Yemeni government, and the Sana’a-based CBY, controlled by the armed Houthi movement, Ansar Allah, with the former holding international recognition and controlling Yemen’s connections to global financial networks, while the latter controls the country’s largest markets and financial center.

This year has seen the warring sides issue conflicting mandates to Yemeni banks and money exchange firms regarding data provision while escalating real and threatened punitive measures against them for non-compliance. A particularly intense escalation has occurred since September, with the increasingly hostile environment undermining financial sector actors’ ability to remain operational.
The Escalating Battle Over Bank Data

By law, Yemeni banks are required to regularly submit statements to the central bank, detailing such things as their assets and liabilities, local and foreign currency holdings, foreign currency trades, internal and external financial transfers, account openings and closings, import financing, and loans.[1] This data is meant to allow the central bank to ensure the banking sector is abiding by local laws and circulars, and also adhering to international regulations concerning anti-money laundering and combatting terrorism financing. Subsequent to Houthi forces taking over the capital, Sana’a, in 2014, the Yemeni government officially transferred the CBY headquarters to its interim capital, Aden, in 2016, meaning the CBY-Aden has since been legally entitled to collect the bank data and carry out the other primary functions of a monetary institution.

In January 2020, the Houthi authorities banned the country’s financial institutions from continuing to transfer their monetary data to Aden. The Houthi leverage to enforce this action comes from the fact that Sana’a remains Yemen’s economic hub, where 17 of the 18 banks currently operating in the country are headquartered, in addition to the country’s largest money exchange companies – with the banking information system in Yemen being highly centralized in bank headquarters, which enjoy exclusive access to data and information of all affiliated branches. The majority of trade and financial activity is concentrated in Houthi-controlled territories (where the majority of the population resides), along with some of the country’s biggest traders, who are major clients and shareholders in the banks headquartered in Sana’a.

At the same time, the CBY-Aden has seen its ability to fulfill its monetary mandates erode. It lost its regular access to bank data, which would enable CBY-Aden to maintain a constant tracking of different financing sources available to banks, to whom they are channeled, and how they are utilized. The US$2 billion that Riyadh supplied the Yemeni government for financial support in 2018 has been nearly exhausted this year, hindering the CBY-Aden’s ability to finance essential imports, while the Houthi ban on newly printed banknotes issued from Aden, implemented in January 2020, has seen these bills flood into Yemeni government-controlled areas. Both factors have undermined the CBY-Aden’s ability to contain the pace of rial depreciation in Yemeni government-controlled areas. A compounding factor has been the increasing challenges to the authority of the Yemeni government and CBY-Aden in southern Yemen from rivals within the anti-Houthi coalition, namely the Southern Transitional Council (STC).

With their member institutions seemingly under siege from both sides, the YBA and Yemeni Exchangers Association (YEA) held discussions with the central bank administrations in Sana’a and Aden in an attempt to create a neutral space for financial sector actors to operate. These efforts failed. Speaking to the Sana’a Center, YBA officials said they had also appealed to the United Nations to intervene with the two rival parties, but to no avail. In a statement on November 3, the YBA then laid out a series of escalatory steps it would take to try and bring the warring parties to compromise, starting with a partial bank strike in Aden for three hours per day for three days and, in the event this failed, a comprehensive strike for all banks in all governorates that would last until their demands were met.

In a follow-up November 7 statement, the YBA proposed steps to deescalate the central bank standoff and avoid a bank strike. These entailed banks and exchange companies committing to provide the CBY-Aden with detailed data regarding customers and operations only in areas of Yemen outside of Houthi control, in return for which the CBY-Aden would cease all punitive measures against them, including fines for noncompliance. The statement said that the bank strike would begin the next day if there was no compromise to end the standoff, though the YBA subsequently backed down on this threat.

During the second week of November, the Houthi-run Security and Intelligence Bureau (SIB), upon orders from the CBY-Sana’a, forced the headquarters of Tadhamon Bank in Sana’a to close in retaliation for the bank sharing its data with CBY-Aden.

A Contest for Control Over Foreign Aid Funds

The banks most directly targeted with actions by both rivaling central bank branches suggests that control over foreign currency entering Yemen, and in particular foreign aid funds, is a significant motivating factor in the rapidly escalating standoff over the country’s banking sector. IBY – the country’s largest bank controlling roughly 20 percent of total banking sector assets[7] – Al Kuraimi, YKB and Tadhamon Bank are the Yemeni banks most actively involved in exchanging foreign currency on behalf of UN agencies and INGOs and paying out humanitarian cash transfers, via intermediary financial agents, to intended beneficiaries in Yemen. Meanwhile, YBRD, which is 51 percent government owned, historically attracts a large share of foreign currency deposits accumulated abroad by migrant Yemeni workers.

Since late 2016, when Yemen’s central bank headquarters was officially moved from Sana’a to Aden and the Yemeni government instructed central and commercial banks around the world to cease interacting with the CBY-Sana’a, direct wire transfers from western banks to Yemen have not been possible. Instead, foreign donors seeking to finance operations in Yemen have had to access the country’s financial system through intermediary banks abroad where Yemeni commercial banks hold accounts. A donor would deposit hard currency into one of these accounts and in return a branch of the respective commercial bank in Yemen would disperse Yemeni rials, exchanged at an agreed exchange rate, to the appropriate recipient.

Yemen has suffered from a shortage of foreign currency for most of the ongoing conflict, heavily impacting the country’s ability to finance imports, putting downward pressure on the domestic currency, and making the accumulated stocks of foreign currency from donors and how they have been used a contentious question. The answer has been elusive, however, given the lack of a joint transparent mechanism to track all donor funds and the inability of the bifurcated CBY to effectively regulate Yemen’s financial institutions. ACAPS, the humanitarian analysis project, estimated that 80 percent of humanitarian aid funds directly flowing into and disbursed across Yemen in 2018 were managed through financial institutions located in areas under Houthi control, home to the majority of the population and most of those in need of humanitarian assistance.[8]

Since 2018, the CBY in Aden has been calling for the establishment of a new foreign exchange mechanism through which INGOs and foreign donors would transfer aid funds under the CBY-Aden’s supervision. In 2019, the Yemeni government-affiliated Economic Committee accused the Houthi authorities in Sana’a of embezzling funds from foreign exchange transactions and financial aid transfers to fund their war efforts.[9]

In 2020, Yemen’s foreign currency shortage has become rapidly more acute, with regional economic contraction leading to a dramatic decline in remittances from Yemenis abroad, international donor funding for the relief effort similarly plummeting, while the US$2 billion in Saudi support supplied in 2018 is effectively exhausted. The internationally recognized Yemeni government is also contending with a drop in revenue and foreign currency inflows from crude oil exports, owing to the drop in global oil prices in March and April 2020. The challenges for the Yemeni government and the CBY-Aden were compounded in April 2020, when the STC’s declaration of self-rule across southern Yemen triggered widespread security instability and further weakened the Yemeni government’s authority to rule. The insecurity in the interim capital temporarily forced some qualified government employees hailing from northern regions to leave Aden, including from the central bank. The CBY-Aden has thus experienced a drastic deficiency in its overall capacity to exercise basic monetary functions, such as maintaining price stability and supervising banking operations. This weakness has made it difficult for the CBY-Aden to bring the commercial banks back under its authority.

https://sanaacenter.org/publications/analysis/12004

and

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Central Bank Split Piles on Yemenis’ Problems

Two central banks

The internationally recognized government’s decision to relocate government head offices to Aden included the Central Bank of Yemen. The Houthis fiercely rejected the decision and instructed the bank to continue with business as usual.

As a result, there are two central banks, one for the internationally recognized government and one for the Houthis’ de facto authority (DFA) in northern Yemen. This imbalance in the banking system and in fiscal policy has exacerbated an already deteriorating economy.

The cost of transferring money from the south, where Aden is located, to the north of Yemen, where Same’i’s family lives, rose, forcing him to send cash to his family with travelers to avoid paying the high money transfer fees.

Then, however, the DFA banned the circulation of the government’s new banknotes in the areas under its control, and he was no longer able to send cash to his family with travelers.

Same’i was forced to send money through money exchange companies, and the fees reached 37%, up from 10% before the banking system split meaning, for example, he has to pay 37,000 rials just to send 100,000 rials to his family.

He and a thousand more employees like him who work in southern governorates under the government’s control and have families in the DFA-controlled areas suffer greatly from the increase in transfer fees between the south and north of the country.

Same’i said that this has caused the members of his family great difficulties as they face an increase in the cost of food, and the money he sends them is not enough to cover their needs.

One country, two banknotes

In December 2019, the Central Bank in Sanaa banned the circulation and possession of the new banknotes, which were printed by virtue of a decision by the rival Central Bank in Aden in 2017.

Ansar Allah (“Supporters of God”), as the Houthi movement/DFA in the north of Yemen, is officially known, gave people one month to replace the new banknotes with old ones through the Central Bank in Sanaa.

People could hand over the new banknotes and get either the same amount in old banknotes or a receipt for the money and receive the cash later. A third option was to change the money into e-currency through one of the government-owned banks. This resulted in an economic division between the IRG- and DFA-controlled areas.

Ahmad Tayar, an economic analyst and freelance journalist, spoke to The Media Line about the effects of having two different banknotes of the same currency and treating them as if they were different currencies.

The Houthis’ decision to ban the new banknotes resulted in the Yemeni rial falling to a level more than 175% below its value before the civil war started on March 26, 2015, Tayar explained. “The Houthis’ continued use of the old currency created a type of financial stability in their banks, leading to their ability to control the exchange rates,” he added.

As a result of the flow of new banknotes in the south, their value has dropped. On the other hand, the Yemeni rial represented by the old banknotes in the north of the country has retained its value.

The exchange rate in the IRG’s areas reached 850 rials per US dollar; however, in the DFA areas the exchange rate is currently 600 rials per dollar.

The differences between the fiscal policies in the governorates under the control of the warring parties led to a dramatic increase in the transfer fees.

“I lose half my money when I transfer it. My family should get this money; this is an injustice,” Ameri said.

The Supreme Economic Committee in the DFA areas said in an earlier statement that the difference in the values of the banknotes was a part of the “war plan” and an effort to flood the market with illegal currency used by the Saudi-led Arab Coalition forces supporting the internationally recognized government in the civil war.

Dahan said the DFA’s ban on the new banknotes in the areas under its control was part of precautionary measures designed to limit the deterioration of the national currency and had succeeded.

Tayar agrees.

“The fiscal practices and the arrangements undertaken by the Houthis’ cabinet contributed to the stability of the currency. It is true that they created one currency with two different values, which was reflected in the money transfer fees, but at the same time it contributed to stabilizing the currency in one area at the expense of another one,” he said.

The solution would be to unify the fiscal policies and end the banking division, ensuring the existence of a single value for the national currency, which would see the transfer fees return to the old cost of 0.5%, Tayar said – by Mohammed Sayers

https://themedialine.org/top-stories/central-bank-split-piles-on-yemenis-problems/

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Government secretly deployed British troops to defend Saudi Arabian oil fields

British forces sent in during court-ordered ban on arms sales to autocracy

British troops were sent to defend oil fields in Saudi Arabia without the knowledge of parliament or the public, it can be revealed.

Opposition parties accused the UK government of lacking a “moral compass” and dodging scrutiny. Campaigners said the episode was “symptomatic of the toxic relationship” between the government and the oil-rich autocracy.

The Ministry of Defence says the oil fields are “critical economic infrastructure” and that gunners from the 16th Regiment Royal Artillery were needed to help defend against drone strikes.

Incredibly, the military operation, launched in February, overlapped with a ban on exporting military hardware to the Middle Eastern dictatorship.

Until July, ministers were blocked by the Court of Appeal from signing off military exports because of concerns that Saudi forces were committing war crimes in their conflict with rebels based in neighbouring Yemen.

A Ministry of Defence spokesperson told The Independent: “Following the attacks on the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s oil production facilities on 14 September 2019, we have worked with the Saudi Ministry of Defence and wider international partners to consider how to strengthen the defence of its critical economic infrastructure from aerial threats.”

The spokesperson confirmed that the deployment had included an advanced military radar system to help detect drone strikes, but would not be drawn on “exact timescales or the numbers of personnel involved due to operational security”.

No response was provided to questions about why no announcement had been made in parliament or elsewhere about the deployment of British troops.

Defence minister James Heappey confirmed in separate written correspondence that “UK defence personnel have accompanied the deployment of Giraffe radars to Riyadh [the Saudi Arabian capital]”.

He said that the deployment “is purely defensive in nature and helps Saudi Arabia with the very real threats it faces”. The minister added that the deployment was still “ongoing as of late November and had so far cost UK taxpayers £840,360.

Layla Moran, the Liberal Democrats’ foreign affairs spokesperson told The Independent: “The reports that the government have secretly been deploying troops to Saudi Arabia are shocking.

“Not only is this government selling the Saudi government arms to use against civilians in Yemen, but deploying troops to defend Saudi oil fields, reveals just how absent this government’s moral compass truly is.”

https://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/uk-troops-saudi-arabia-arms-oil-fields-mod-parliament-secret-b1762474.html

and also https://sputniknews.com/military/202011281081301657-uk-reportedly-deployed-contingent-of-troops-to-saudi-arabia-to-protect-oil-fields/

and

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Yemen: Deployment of UK Forces to Saudi Not to Change Anything

A member of Yemen's Supreme Political Council reacted to reports on the secret deployment of British troops to Saudi Arabia, saying the move will not change the situation on the ground.

Speaking to the Doha-based Al Jazeera broadcaster on Saturday, Mohammad al-Bakhiti said Britain and the United States are basically members of the Saudi-led coalition of aggressors against Yemen.

“The deployment of UK forces in Saudi Arabia does not change anything,” he added, Press TV reported.

In his remarks, Bakhiti warned foreign oil companies against remaining in Saudi Arabia as well as ships against passing through the kingdom’s ports, saying that all Saudi facilities are a legitimate target for the Yemeni army and allied Popular Committees.

https://www.tasnimnews.com/en/news/2020/11/29/2399862/yemen-deployment-of-uk-forces-to-saudi-not-to-change-anything

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How Biden Could Prove His Administration Isn’t Just Obama 2.0

A new approach to Saudi Arabia and Yemen would show he’s interested in more than just a return to the pre-Trump status quo.

So far, the members of Joe Biden’s foreign policy team are all veterans of Barack Obama’s administration. They’ve pledged to revive Obama-era initiatives like the Iran nuclear deal and the Paris climate agreement that Donald Trump tried to undo, as well as recommit to long-term U.S. alliances. Some U.S. foreign policy critics from the left and the libertarian right are less than fully enthusiastic about this team. They don’t particularly relish a return to the approach that led to the intervention in Libya, a ramped-up drone war, and a troop surge in Afghanistan, and are concerned that all the talk of “America is back” broadly suggests an embrace of the interventionist worldview that predated Trump.

Progressive concerns about the more hawkish views of Michèle Flournoy (Democratic Rep. Ro Khanna is one representative example), who was thought to be a shoo-in for secretary of defense, are reportedly one reason why that position has not yet been announced.

But it’s fair to say that Biden will face pressure from increasingly prominent non-interventionist voices in Washington to do more than return to the Obama-era status quo.

We won’t have to wait long for the first test of whether the administration might actually represent something new in foreign policy. Biden’s team will soon need to address the question of the war in Yemen and U.S. support for Saudi Arabia more broadly. It’s an area where the U.S. has a significant amount of leverage, meaning Biden could signal a change of course with a single order, and where a new approach would have a significant amount of support.

Biden has pledged to “end our support for the Saudi-led war in Yemen” and will almost certainly take some actions toward that end, but that could mean a few different things. Biden could wait for Congress to pass another bill cutting off U.S. support of the war, or he could act more quickly and decisively by ending U.S. logistical support and intelligence sharing via executive action.

Then there’s the question of arms sales. Flournoy has argued that rather than fully ban arms sales to Saudi Arabia, the U.S. should put conditions on their use. She also draws a distinction between offensive weapons and defensive systems like the Patriot missiles the Saudis use to intercept Houthi missile and drone attacks. As the American Prospect has reported, this stance raised eyebrows among foreign policy progressives given her reported work with defense contractors during the Trump years.

There’s also the question of whether the administration will restrict future weapons sales, or also review sales that are already in the pipeline.

Given the Saudi-led coalition’s reliance on American weaponry, cutting arms sales would go a long way toward ending the conflict in Yemen, but advocates say the administration could also go further by committing to stalled diplomatic efforts to end the war and humanitarian efforts to address the suffering.

Because of its role in the war, the U.S. has both more responsibility and more leverage when it comes to ending it.

Beyond Yemen, it’s less clear if the Biden administration is planning a larger re-think of the U.S.-Saudi alliance. In a recent interview with Jewish Insider, Blinken said the Biden team would “undertake a strategic review of our bilateral relationship with Saudi Arabia to make sure that it is truly advancing our interests and is consistent with our values.” Biden was more blunt in a primary debate last year, saying in response to a question about the Khashoggi killing, “I would make it very clear we were not going to, in fact, sell more weapons to them, we were going to, in fact, make them pay the price and make them, in fact, the pariah that they are. There’s very little social redeeming value in the present government in Saudi Arabia.”

Statements like that should be taken with a grain of salt. American candidates tend to talk tough about the kingdom on the campaign trail and then change their tune when they get into office. This includes Trump,

Because of its role in the war, the U.S. has both more responsibility and more leverage when it comes to ending it.

Beyond Yemen, it’s less clear if the Biden administration is planning a larger re-think of the U.S.-Saudi alliance. In a recent interview with Jewish Insider, Blinken said the Biden team would “undertake a strategic review of our bilateral relationship with Saudi Arabia to make sure that it is truly advancing our interests and is consistent with our values.” Biden was more blunt in a primary debate last year, saying in response to a question about the Khashoggi killing, “I would make it very clear we were not going to, in fact, sell more weapons to them, we were going to, in fact, make them pay the price and make them, in fact, the pariah that they are. There’s very little social redeeming value in the present government in Saudi Arabia.”

Statements like that should be taken with a grain of salt. American candidates tend to talk tough about the kingdom on the campaign trail and then change their tune when they get into office. This includes Trump,

Still, the U.S.-Saudi relationship is not going to be what it was, and not only because it’s harder to picture Biden doing a sword dance in Riyadh. Because of changes in international energy markets, Saudi Arabia’s oil production gives it less leverage over the U.S. economy than it used to enjoy. And after Mohamed bin Salman’s adventurism over the last few years, it’s harder for the Saudis to make the case for themselves as guarantors of regional stability.

Biden’s approach so far may look like Obama 2.0, but it’s notoriously hard to predict a president’s foreign policy before he takes office – by Joshua Keating

https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2020/11/biden-yemen-saudi-arabia.html

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Coronavirus und Seuchen / Most important: Coronavirus and epidemics

Siehe / Look at cp3

(B H)

WHO: More than 204 cases of #cholera in #Yemen since the beginning of this year.

https://twitter.com/BelqeesRights/status/1333027932462190592

(* A H)

Yemen launches door-to-door polio immunization for over 4mn kids

Yemen's health authorities have launched a polio vaccination campaign for more than 4 million children in the north of the war-torn country.

The three-day campaign launched on Saturday is supported by the World Health Organization, Unicef and other international aid agencies, Xinhua news agency quoted the authorities as saying.

The door-to-door immunization targets children under the age of five.

In August this year, a polio outbreak was declared in Yemen after 15 cases of vaccine derived poliovirus type 1 (cVDPV1) were reported.

The cases were detected in different districts of Sa'ada Governorate, in the north-west of the country.

Children aged from eight months to 13 years are affected.

https://menafn.com/1101202825/Yemen-launches-door-to-door-polio-immunization-for-over-4mn-kids

and also https://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1208339.shtml

https://menafn.com/1101203780/4-mln-children-to-be-vaccinated-against-polio-in-Yemen

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-yemen-security-polio/yemen-pushes-polio-immunization-in-bid-to-stem-outbreak-idUSKBN28A0QS

cp2 Allgemein / General

(* A K P)

Interactive Map of Yemen War

https://yemen.liveuamap.com/

(A K)

AFTER COLLAPSE OF SAUDI DEFENSE IN MAAS, YEMENI HOUTHIS PREPARE FOR ADVANCE ON MARIB CITY (MAP UPDATE)

https://southfront.org/after-collapse-of-saudi-defense-in-maas-yemeni-houthis-prepare-for-advance-on-marib-city-map-update/

Latest update of Yemen, Nov. 27, 2020

https://english.iswnews.com/16489/latest-updates-on-yemen-27-november-2020/

(B K P)

SAUDI ARABIA FELLS VICTIM TO EXCHANGE OF ASYMMETRICAL STRIKES BETWEEN IRAN AND ISRAEL

In the Middle East the Houthi-Iranian alliance continues to harass forces of the Saudi-Israeli-US bloc with renewed vigour.

At the same time, the Kingdom’s role as lamb to the slaughter in the ongoing regional standoff between Iranian-led forces and the Israeli-US bloc is not news to independent observers. Saudi Arabia predetermined its current position with its own launching of the failed military intervention in Yemen and by actively aligning itself with Israel in both public and clandestine dimensions.

https://southfront.org/asymmetrical-strikes-between-iran-and-israel/

(B P)

The impact of Biden's ,Victory one the course of the War in Yemen

On November 24, the Washington Center for Yemeni Studies held a wibenar titled "The impact of Biden's victory on the course of the war in Yemen", which focused on the topic of the new American administration and its future policies in Yemen.

The discussion revolved around the main objective of the webinar which was the crisis in Yemeni, which is expected to take a new turn with president-elect Joe Biden

Mr. John Anthony said that the policy continues with unprecedented pressure and sanctions. As the Iranian military support for the Houthis expected to decrease and the incidence may be reduced. However, he stressed that the imposing continuous sanctions sometimes does not achieve the desired outcomes goals like the case with Cuba.

Mr. Anthony stressed that Yemen is a key player in the region, emphasizing that Yemen is among president-elect Biden's five priorities with regard to the Middle East.

As in the financial crisis, in order to deal with each other, and to deal with each other in the same framework, so is Yemen. It does not lack leaders, but unfortunately, it is dependent on the outside according to the ducks

He also praised the political way used to put pressure on frequently asked questions in America. "There has been no Yemeni government for a year, and we seek to form a government."

https://wcysus.org/news_details.php?lng=english&sid=290

(A K P)

[Pro-Houthi] Tribal movement in Ma’rib condemns Saudi-led occupation

The Ma’rib Youth Tribes organisation has issued a fiery statement about the military events taking place in the province, as Yemeni forces advance toward the city amid the total collapse of Saudi-backed Hadi forces.

In the statement, they addressed sheikhs, legal figures, mayors and elders in the land of Ma’rib, calling on them to stop the war and negotiate with the National Salvation Government of Sana’a.

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2020/11/29/tribal-movement-in-marib-condemns-saudi-led-occupation/

(A P)

Saudi Arabia would hand Hadramout, adjacent regions to Al-Qaeda, says Karman

Yemeni human rights activist and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Tawakkol Karman on Sunday said Saudi Arabia which leads a military coalition fighting in Yemen would hand the province of Hadramout and adjacent regions to Al-Qaeda.

She wrote on Facebook: "Before it leaves Yemen soon, I expect that Saudi Arabia would hand Hadramout and a number of adjacent provinces to Al-Qaeda. It took these regions peacefully and will return them to Al-Qeada peacefully".

Saudi Arabia wants this terrorist group to continue its mission in the country, she said.

"They are asking why I am not talking about the UAE. Well, I don't talk about a vitreous statelet, which is lesser and weaker and does not deserve our talk. Saudi Arabia is the head of the snake".

Karman always attacks Saudi Arabia, accusing it of plotting against the Yemeni government and armed forces.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-21486.html

(B K P)

Saudis will pay high price for genocidal war on Yemen: analyst

“Saudis should worry that they will continue to pay a high price for their genocidal war on Yemen,” Jay Tharappel, a representative in the Yemen Solidarity Council, tells the Tehran Times.

According to Tharappel, the Saudis could not impose a blockade on Yemen without support from the American and British navies.

“Saudis cannot impose the blockade on Yemen without the support of U.S. and British naval power,” he explains.

The following is the text of the interview:

https://www.tehrantimes.com/news/455191/Saudis-will-pay-high-price-for-genocidal-war-on-Yemen-analyst

My remark: A pro-Houthi view.

(* B P)

Israel, Gulf rapprochement could worry Yemen, Iran

Israel is concerned over growing Iranian entrenchment in Yemen, not unlike the way Iran operates in Syria.

In a rare public statement, during a meeting last year with US Secretary of Treasury Steve Mnuchin, Netanyahu accused Iran of seeking means to launch missiles at Israel from Yemen. "Iran wants to develop precision-guided missiles that can hit any target in Israel within five to ten meters. Iran wants to use Iran, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Yemen as bases to attack Israel with statistical missiles and precision-guided missiles," warned the prime minister.

Israeli experts claim that Iranian involvement in the Yemen war is part of a comprehensive strategy by Tehran to increase its regional influence and military presence. They point to certain similarities in the way Tehran operates in Lebanon and Syria with its proxy Hezbollah, and the way it supports the Houthis.

In fact, Iranian regional ambitions and common Israeli-Saudi interests were evoked already in 2017 by then-Israel Defense Forces (IDF) Chief of Staff Gadi Eizenkot. In a rare interview to Saudi newspaper Elaf, Eizenkot said there is a "complete consensus" between Jerusalem and Riyadh on the issue of the Iranian threat, and that Israel might be ready to share intelligence on that with Saudi Arabia.

On the Yemeni side, Houthi leaders have made over the years several statements accusing the United States and Saudi Arabia of partnering with "the Zionist enemy" against them. In August, the SouthFront security-specialized website reported that Israel and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are supposedly going to create a military intelligence-gathering infrastructure on Yemen’s Socotra Island.

Israeli experts explained that this report is unfounded, claiming that the report was fabricated by anti-Israeli media. Still, its mere publication could reflect a certain perception within Houthi leadership. More so, it might reflect growing apprehensions in Yemen vis-a-vis rapprochement between Israel and the Gulf states.

The reported visit of Netanyahu Nov. 22 to Saudi Arabia might very well enhance the Houthis' apprehensions.

https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2020/11/israel-us-yemen-iran-united-arab-emirates-benjamin-netanyahu.html
(* B P)

Torture in Yemen: "I would have preferred to die on the forehead rather than fall into their hands"

Newly released prisoners from Houthi rebel territory speak of the recurrence of ill-treatment. The Arab coalition, which supports the government, is accused of the same practices. Bad sign for lasting peace.

On the tarmac at Aden airport, a crowd gathered impatiently. Women in black niqabs wait with solemn portraits of mustached men. Everyone tries to identify a face, to recognize a loved one. In the distance, figures, sometimes on crutches, descend from a plane. The pace of their steps is slow, the complexions are pale and their puffy clothes bring out their thinness. The Houthi rebels and the Yemeni government began the vast ballet of prisoner exchanges concluded two years earlier (subscribers only)

https://www.levif.be/actualite/international/torture-au-yemen-j-aurais-prefere-mourir-sur-le-front-plutot-que-de-tomber-entre-leurs-mains/article-normal-1361723.html

(* B H K P)

Why We Should Care About Yemen

These assaults on an already poor country have brought about nearly every type of disaster know to humankind: over 200,000 people killed from violence that is, lest we forget, supported by U.S. taxpayers; the worst continuous outbreak of cholera ever recorded, the result of contaminated water; massive internal displacement of over three million people needing to escape the bombing; and destruction of two-thirds of health facilities. All of these catastrophes have contributed to famine, with 80% the population in need of food aid to live, and over two million children near the brink of starvation. Taken together, the bombing and the blockade have turned this country into the largest humanitarian disaster in the world.

Much of the official Western world has responded with apathy to these phenomenal levels of suffering. The U.S., for the most part, simply denies responsibility for these crimes against humanity.

Americans of diverse political stripes see our support for this pointless war as misguided and criminal.

We must care about Yemen. They are people suffering unbelievable trauma, and our country is instrumental in causing this disaster. The international human rights community recognizes the assaults on Yemeni civilians for what they are: war crimes. And it is widely understood that the Saudi regime would not be able to conduct this vicious war without both logistical support and arms sales from the U.S.

We must do more than care. Our president-elect Joe Biden has pledged to withdraw support for the Saudi war in Yemen. It will be up to us to hold him to that promise.

https://wwfor.org/why-we-should-care-about-yemen/

(* B P)

Film: #Yemeni journalist who worked with #Saudi invasion of his country breaks his silence & reviles how Saudi amb to #Yemen ran the army of pro-Saudi journalists (in Arabic)

https://twitter.com/AliAlAhmed_en/status/1332672045201711104

(* B H K P)

Film: What's in the news - Yemen, the forgotten crisis

Bill Emmott, former editor of The Economist and Visiting Fellow of Practice at the Blavatnik School of Government, will chair a series of Thursday discussions with students, faculty and experts about hot topics in current affairs. This week's discussion will be on "Yemen, the forgotten crisis".

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L6yzcpDheMw

(B K P)

Wailing Is What Is Required .. How Did Yemeni Deterrence Succeed in Revenging from Saudi Arabia?

Indeed, Saudi Arabia must suffer as the Yemenis suffer from its barbaric aggression. The Saudi aggression coalition kills the Yemenis and bombs weddings, crowded markets, people's homes and children. All of these massacres of Saudi Arabia caused it to be added to the list of child killers more than once, while UN removed it for Saudi money.
Saudi Arabia acts as victim because of bombing Aramco's facilities and makes exhibitions by the remnants of Yemeni missiles that had struck some targets inside Saudi Arabia. It promotes with US lies that the missiles were smuggled to Yemen, in order not to say that they are facing the Yemenis, but major countries to justify Riyadh weakness, impotence and failure in Yemen, despite the comprehensive siege.
Saudi Arabia turns to threatening the entire international community and says that your failure to help us against the Yemenis, will threaten the global energy. Western countries and especially US are not interested in stopping the war in Yemen because they are beneficiaries of continuing the aggression, therefore Bin Salman had to mobilize global opinion against the Ansarullah, as his money succeeds in this crowd but fails to stop the war.
Yemenis have to be proud that they faced the hundreds of billions of dollars of Saudi Arabia that have been spent for Western arms. As they have targeted Bin Salman and convinced him that he has no way but to stop the war, while it is likely that he will revenge with new massacres in Yemen.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/16354/Wailing-Is-What-Is-Required-..-How-Did-Yemeni-Deterrence-Succeed-in-Revenging-from-Saudi

My remark: A Houthi viewpoint.

cp2a Saudische Blockade / Saudi blockade

(A K P)

Director of YPC: Fines for Delaying Oil Tankers in Half Year Reach $ 56 Million

The Executive Director of the Yemen Petroleum Company, Eng. Ammar Al-Adhrai, Friday, confirmed that the fines for delaying oil derivative tankers and seizing them by the aggression for half a year exceeded 56 million dollars.

The executive director of the company stated that the percentage of the released quantities within six months is 23% of the actual need in the normal supply situation .. indicating that the released quantities are 360 thousand tons and that of the total actual need of one million and 542 thousand tons in the normal ration situation.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/16402/Director-of-YPC-Fines-for-Delaying-Oil-Tankers-in-Half-Year-Reach-%24-56-Million

(A K P)

Saudi piracy still keeps over a million tons of petroleum from reaching Yemen

Yemen Petroleum Company (YPC) Chief Executive Officer, Ammar al-Adra’i, has said that the fines due to the detention of oil vessels by Saudi-led coalition aggression during the last half year exceed 56 million dollars.

The amount released since the escalation of detention in late May has reached 360,000 tons, which is only around 23% of the estimated 1,550,420 tons that is being held by Saudi piracy, he said at a protest held after Friday prayers in front of the UN office in capital Sana’a.

He said the coalition countries were still holding eight oil ships off the port of Jizan. He blamed the United Nations and coalition countries for not acting to ensure the release of the vessels.

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2020/11/27/saudi-piracy-still-keeps-over-a-million-tons-of-petroleum-from-reaching-yemen/

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

Siehe / Look at cp1

(B H)

Yemen: Health Cluster Achievements (Jan - Oct 2020)

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-health-cluster-achievements-jan-oct-2020

(* B H P)

Due to an unprecedented financial gap, @WHO & health partners have been unable to continue their financial support to the health care workforce in #Yemen. Up to 10K health workers are affected. More funds are needed now more than ever to enable the continuation of this support.

https://twitter.com/WHOYemen/status/1332700953120804870

and https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20201130-who-stops-financial-support-for-10000-health-workers-in-yemen/

(B H)

Protection Cluster: Yemen Response and Gap Analysis - Activities of Protection Cluster Including Child Protection, Women Protection, and Mine Action Areas of Responsibility (AoR) (As of September 2020)

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/protection-cluster-yemen-response-and-gap-analysis-activities-protection-cluster-8

and various provinces:

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/protection-cluster-yemen-aden-hub-snapshot-january-september-2020

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/protection-cluster-yemen-al-hudaydah-hub-snapshot-january-september-2020

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/protection-cluster-yemen-ibb-hub-snapshot-january-september-2020

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/protection-cluster-yemen-sa-adah-hub-snapshot-january-september-2020

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/protection-cluster-yemen-sana-hub-snapshot-january-september-2020

(A H)

Footage taken by @monarelief's team in the capital Sana'a during delivering blankets to IDPs days ago. The project was funded by Partners Relief and Development and Karmagawa and distributed 555 blankets. Thanks a lot to you all guys for your support & help. #Yemen @monareliefye

https://twitter.com/Fatikr/status/1332814034995965952

I have to thank our great partners in #Poland @SzkolydlaPokoju & Polish people for their ultimate support to @monarelief's humanitarian work in #Yemen since the beginning of war in the country. Pix taken during blankets delivery in Sanaa funded by Schools for Peace (photos)

https://twitter.com/Fatikr/status/1332724247802875904

(B H)

Bernadette Schober aus Roßleithen ist für Ärzte ohne Grenzen im Jemen

Sie war drei Jahre im Südsudan und ist seit 2017 nun schon zum dritten Mal im Jemen. „Das ist genau das, was ich wollte“, sagt die 38-Jährige, die seit Juni 2020 den Jemen-Einsatz für Ärzte ohne Grenzen leitet.

Nach sechs Jahren Bürgerkrieg zeigen sich hier inmitten der Corona-Pandemie die verheerenden Konsequenzen des Konflikts.

„Die größte Herausforderung ist für mich zu entscheiden, wo man Unterstützung anbietet. Es gibt so viel, was man hier machen könnte“, sagt Schober. Offizielle Corona-Zahlen gebe es keine und das Testen sei extrem schwierig. Nach einer ersten Welle vor einigen Monaten habe das Land zwar Schutzmaßnahmen getroffen. In Hinblick auf die Impfung appelliert Schober an die globale Gemeinschaft, Länder wie den Jemen nicht zu vergessen

4500 nationale und rund 120 internationale Mitarbeiter sind für Ärzte ohne Grenzen im Jemen tätig

https://www.nachrichten.at/oberoesterreich/vergesst-laender-wie-den-jemen-nicht;art4,3327121

und auch https://www.tips.at/nachrichten/kirchdorf/land-leute/522047-aerzte-ohne-grenzen-einsatzleiterin-berichtet-aus-dem-jemen

(B H)

Restoring Solid Waste Management in Hadramaut

New garbage collection trucks delivered in southern port-city of Mukalla to help ensure improved hygiene for Yemenis.

https://www.ye.undp.org/content/yemen/en/home/presscenter/pressreleases/2020/Restoring-Solid-Waste-Management-in-Hadramaut.html

(* B H)

War, hunger and devastating aid cuts have made the plight of Yemenis almost unbearable

“We don’t have a neurosurgeon. We don’t have a maternity ward. We treat 20 children a month for malnutrition and now we are admitting more and more people severely ill with complications from dengue fever – more than 3,000 cases so far this year. The generator doesn’t always keep the equipment on,” says Dr Ali Nasser Saeed, the hospital director. “Coronavirus is nowhere near our biggest problem.”

For ordinary Yemenis, the impact of war can be blunted only so far. The currency, the rial, has lost two-thirds of its value since the conflict began and continues to slide, making it harder and harder to put food on the table. A rise in food prices, coupled with devastating aid cuts, means the prospect of widespread famine is once again on the horizon.

Serious malnutrition in southern Yemen, including Shabwa, has risen 10% this year and is up 15% among under-fives, according to a study conducted by UN agencies.

Half of the country’s healthcare facilities have been destroyed, hundreds of doctors have died or fled the country, and public sector salaries often go unpaid, putting unsustainable pressure on the hospitals and clinics that remain.

At the beginning of 2020, as Covid-19 began to spread from China and around the world, health workers and aid agencies predicted that the virus’s impact on Yemen’s vulnerable population would be catastrophic, forecasting a 90% infection rate.

Yet despite its other afflictions, so far the war-torn country appears to have emerged relatively unscathed by the pandemic, reporting just 2,124 cases and 611 deaths to date.

Testing facilities and comprehensive data are almost nonexistent, so it is highly unlikely the official statistics reflect the coronavirus’s true impact. But according to several doctors and healthcare officials, in Shabwa at least, the virus is not a pressing concern.

A gleaming new Covid-19 testing, treatment and quarantine centre on the edge of Ataq city – regarded as the best facility in the country – hasn’t received a single patient since August. Staff in head-to-toe protective gear mill around the state-of-the-art testing machine, absent-mindedly disinfecting surfaces for lack of anything better to do, during a visit of a group of foreign journalists.

Asked why the number of Covid-19 cases in Yemen appears to be so much lower than elsewhere, despite the absence of social distancing and extra hygiene measures, the centre’s director Dr Hisham Saeed, says “high morale” and a population that skews young have kept Yemenis safe from the coronavirus.

He worries, however, that the growing stigma associated with the disease and the difficulty of travel mean people in need of treatment are just staying at home. “It is very hard to tell what the impact is,” he says. “People think it’s a normal fever. Sometimes they ask me whether coronavirus is all just a big lie.”

For now, the peak of the coronavirus pandemic in Yemen – or at least, its first wave – appears to have subsided, allowing healthcare workers to focus on the country’s other urgent health crises.

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2020/nov/27/yemen-disease-covid-war = https://www.english.alahednews.com.lb/56652/499

und lesbare, schlechte deutsche Übersetzung:

(* B H)

Jemen: In einem von Krankheiten heimgesuchten Land registriert Covid kaum

„Wir haben keinen Neurochirurgen. Wir haben keine Entbindungsstation. Wir behandeln monatlich 20 Kinder wegen Unterernährung und nehmen jetzt immer mehr Menschen auf, die schwer an Komplikationen durch Dengue-Fieber erkrankt sind – mehr als 3.000 Fälle in diesem Jahr. Der Generator hält die Ausrüstung nicht immer an “, sagt Dr. Ali Nasser Saeed, der Krankenhausdirektor. „Coronavirus ist bei weitem nicht unser größtes Problem.“

Zu Beginn des Jahres 2020, als sich Covid-19 aus China und der ganzen Welt ausbreitete, sagten Gesundheitspersonal und Hilfsorganisationen voraus, dass die Auswirkungen des Virus auf die gefährdete Bevölkerung im Jemen katastrophal sein würden, und prognostizierten eine Infektionsrate von 90%.

Trotz seiner anderen Probleme scheint das vom Krieg heimgesuchte Land bislang relativ unversehrt von der Pandemie hervorgegangen zu sein und meldete bisher nur 2.124 Fälle und 611 Todesfälle.

Testeinrichtungen und umfassende Daten sind fast nicht vorhanden, so dass es höchst unwahrscheinlich ist, dass die offiziellen Statistiken die tatsächlichen Auswirkungen des Coronavirus widerspiegeln. Laut mehreren Ärzten und Gesundheitsbeamten ist das Virus zumindest in Shabwa kein dringendes Problem.

Ein glänzendes neues Covid-19-Test-, Behandlungs- und Quarantänezentrum am Rande der Stadt Ataq, das als die beste Einrichtung des Landes gilt, hat seit August keinen einzigen Patienten mehr erhalten

https://www.de24.news/de/g/2020/11/jemen-in-einem-von-krankheiten-heimgesuchten-land-registriert-covid-kaum-globale-entwicklung.html

(* B H)

Jemen - Nur 50 Prozent der Gesundheitseinrichtungen funktionsfähig

Ärzte ohne Grenzen warnt vor kollabierendem Gesundheitssystem - Neben Corona treten auch andere Epidemien wieder auf

50 Prozent der öffentlichen Gesundheitseinrichtungen seien nicht mehr zugänglich, vor allem in ländlichen Gebieten sei ein "genereller Kollaps des Gesundheitssystems" zu beobachten, berichtete Bernadette Schober, Einsatzleiterin von Ärzte ohne Grenzen (MSF) im Jemen, am Donnerstag in einer Online-Pressekonferenz.

Das liege nicht nur an den andauernden Kampfhandlungen zwischen den vom Iran unterstützen Houthi-Rebellen und der international anerkannten Regierung, die von Saudi-Arabien unterstützt wird. Zwar sei natürlich viel Infrastruktur während des Bürgerkriegs zerstört worden, doch viele Einrichtungen könnten ihren Betrieb nicht aufrechterhalten, weil es schlichtweg an Personal fehle, berichtete die Oberösterreicherin. Ein Großteil des medizinischen Personals bekommt seit Jahren kein Gehalt mehr. Viele Ärzte wanderten deshalb in städtische Privatkrankenhäuser ab.

Der Zusammenbruch der Primärversorgung führe auch dazu, dass eigentlich gut behandelbare Krankheiten zu schweren Komplikationen führten, erzählte Schober. "Im Jemen ist das alles komplizierter." Denn ein Krankenhaus schnell zu erreichen, sei aufgrund der Distanz oft nicht möglich. Laut Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO) kommt im Jemen auf 2.000 Menschen ein Arzt. Und Spezialisten seien ohnehin "extrem schwer" zu finden, so Schober.

Hinzu kommen wieder aufflammende Epidemien: Cholera, Masern, Polio und Diphtherie "sollten im Jemen kein Thema mehr sein", traten aber in den vergangenen Jahren wieder auf, sagte Schober

https://www.oe24.at/newsfeed/jemen-nur-50-prozent-der-gesundheitseinrichtungen-funktionsfaehig/455437401

(* B H K)

Jemens vergessene Tragödie

Das unübersichtliche Kampfgeschehen in dem arabischen Land wird von der internationalen Gemeinschaft wenig beachtet. Für Helfer ist es ein täglicher Kampf gegen Elend. Der Arzt Tankred Stöbe berichtet über die Zustände im Jemen.

"Im Mai, praktisch aus dem Nichts, ist das Virus in das Land eingefallen und hat dort zu viel Leid und Tod geführt" erzählt er über die Pandemie im ärmsten Land Arabiens. "Offiziell ist das nie wahrgenommen worden - es gibt im Jemen offiziell nur 2.000 Infizierte und 600 Tote, was übrigens die höchste Sterblichkeitsrate weltweit ist." Stöbes MSF haben dann im Mai das erste Spital für Corona-Patienten im südlichen Jemen eröffnet, "und das füllte sich binnen weniger Tage".

Corona sei derzeit nur eines der Probleme für die Menschen. Eine Gesundheitsversorgung, die den Namen verdiene, gäbe es praktisch nicht mehr. Über die Hälfte der Krankenhäuser seien zerbombt. "Diese tödliche Spanne zwischen erhöhtem Bedarf an medizinischer Versorgung und gezielter Zerstörung der Einrichtungen sehen wir ja in vielen Kriegs- und Krisengebieten, aber im Jemen ist es extrem."

Die Teams von Ärzte ohne Grenzen arbeiten dort in zwölf Krankenhäusern und Kliniken und unterstützen 20 Gesundheitseinrichtungen in 13 Provinzen des Landes. Im April 2019 konnte die Arbeit im chirurgischen Krankenhaus in Aden wieder aufgenommen werden, wo Stöbe jetzt war.

Mit 100 Betten ist es eines der größeren Einrichtungen, die die Organisation im Jemen betreibt. Aus Sicherheitsgründen blieb der Berliner während seines Einsatzes ausschließlich im Krankenhaus. Es sei zu gefährlich, die Klinik zu verlassen. Man wisse nie, ob man in einen Schusswechsel gerate oder ob eine Bombe hochgeht.

Zivilisten würden immer wieder in diesen Konflikt mit hineingezogen. Vor allem für Frauen sei dies ein extrem tödlicher Konflikt. Während es in Aden selbst gerade verhältnismäßig ruhig sei, verlaufe die Frontlinie nur etwa 50 Kilometer nördlich der Stadt. Die verändere sich auch ständig, sagt Stöbe, mache die Lage unberechenbar. "Wir haben in unserem Krankenhaus immer wieder Verletzte, die von der Frontlinie zu uns gebracht werden."

Der Krieg sei für die Helfer jeden Tag präsent. "Für die Weltöffentlichkeit aber ist es ein vergessener Krieg."

https://www.wienerzeitung.at/nachrichten/politik/welt/2083643-Jemens-vergessene-Tragoedie.html

(A H P)

Aden governor, WFP discuss expired food products

http://en.adenpress.news/news/30611

and

(A H P)

The general prosecution issued an indictment against the World Food Program organization for distributing spoiled food.

https://twitter.com/BelqeesRights/status/1333073482557444097

(B H)

MOBA / Partners Relief:

We have distributed 100 blankets based on a fund by our donors in #Poland @SzkolydlaPokoju Schools for Peace #Yemen thanks a lot.

Thank you so much form the bottom of my heart to Partners Relief and Development & Karmagawa for supporting our people in #Yemen.

555 blankets were delivered to IDPs in Sana'a based on a fund by @PartnersRelief & @karmagawa. Many families received blankets from @monarelief (photos)

https://twitter.com/Fatikr/status/1331962515379654658

https://twitter.com/Fatikr/status/1331966168509378568

https://twitter.com/PartnersRelief/status/1331432188647129088

(B H)

WFP Yemen Situation Report #10, October 2020

Highlights

WFP targeted 8.7 million Yemeni people with general food assistance under October distributions.

2,066 confirmed cumulative cases of COVID-19 were reported by the end of October.

WFP requires USD 442 million to continue operations unimpeded over the next six months (December 2020 – May 2021).

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/wfp-yemen-situation-report-10-october-2020

(B H)

Yemen: Access Constraints as of 25 November 2020

https://reliefweb.int/map/yemen/yemen-access-constraints-25-november-2020

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

(* B H)

164,000 people newly displaced in Yemen in 2020: IOM

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) said on Sunday that more than 164,000 people have been displaced since the beginning of this year in Yemen, which has been witnessing a bloody conflict for nearly six years.

"Since the start of this year, over 164,000 people have been newly displaced in Yemen, mostly by conflict," the international organization said in a statement, posted on its official Twitter account.

The organization said that the country's southeastern province of "Marib is the area where the highest displacement has taken place with over 12,500 families moving to crowded displacement sites in the city and surrounding areas."

Meanwhile, Yemen's official unit for the Internally Displaced People (IDPs) in Marib said that it recorded 54,400 displaced people during the period from Aug. 20 to mid-November.

The report confirmed that the IDPs are from various districts and villages located in Marib's southern part.

http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-11/29/c_139551368.htm = http://www.china.org.cn/world/Off_the_Wire/2020-11/29/content_76960331.htm

(* B H)

Shelter Severity Scores & PIN 2021 - Secondary Data Review Report

Active for nearly 11 years, the Yemen Shelter Cluster has witnessed and responded to the evolutions of the protracted Yemen crisis. The situation is now a complex emergency, with multi-layered and often interdependent components, ranging from long-term displacement, to the latest population movements linked to a recent conflict flare-up, exceptional floods in 2020, and the recurrent needs of the most vulnerable population during the winter season.

Therefore, as a coordination structure with field ramifications in 6 sub-national and 2 area coordinations, the Shelter Cluster collects and analyses a considerable volume of needs-based information. In order to contribute to the 2021 Yemen Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) with evidence-based and maximum of consistencies, the Shelter Cluster took the decision in spring 2020 to classify all sectoral activities according to their relevancy to three groups, or “lenses”, organized according to key thematics: 1) armed violence, 2) climate and natural hazards 3) long-term assistance The findings on severity of shelter-needs and People in Need (PIN) figures of these lenses aim to inform strategic planning and ensure a relevant, more flexible and efficient humanitarian response.

This document will specifically detail each of these three lenses. The first lens concerns needs generated by armed conflict, and covers recent and protracted displacements as well as damage to homes. The second lens relates to seasonal and natural hazards with a focus on required assistance to the most vulnerable population facing harsh winter temperatures in mountainous areas, extreme summer temperatures in coastal areas and desert plains, or those affected by flood hazards, especially in coastal areas. The third lens addresses an exit from constant and recurrent emergency, through the promotion of house repairs wherever the situation is conducive and safe. As such, this last lens focuses on the basic humanitarian activities indispensable to support adequate long-term housing and sustainable solution

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/shelter-severity-scores-pin-2021-secondary-data-review-report

(B H)

IOM Yemen | Rapid Displacement Tracking (RDT) - Reporting Period: 22 - 28 Nov 2020

From 01 January 2020 to 28 November 2020, IOM Yemen DTM estimates that 27,716 Households (166,296 Individuals) have experienced displacement at least once.

Since the beginning of 2020, DTM also identified other 1,319 previously displaced households who left the displaced location and moved to either their place of origin or some other displaced location.

Between 22 November 2020 and 28 November 2020, IOM Yemen DTM tracked 319 Households (1,914 individuals) displaced at least once. The highest number of displacements were seen in:

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/iom-yemen-rapid-displacement-tracking-rdt-reporting-period-22-28-nov-2020

(B H P)

How Sewing Face Masks is Helping Displaced Women in Yemen

After COVID-19 broke out in the conflict-stricken country, job opportunities—particularly casual labour—began disappearing. To ensure survival, families have been sharing responsibility amongst their members for providing for their household.

Seeking to empower displaced women with the ability to earn an income, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) partnered with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) to launch a facemask-making project in 35 displacement sites across Ibb and Marib governorates.

“We received a lot of requests from displaced women asking for support to start small projects,” explained Sabah Al Qubati, a member of IOM’s Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) team in Marib. “IOM responded to the call and taught them how to make masks, helping them earn an income while preventing the spread of COVID-19.”

Around 45 women in Ibb and 60 women in Marib took part in this IOM-KSA initiative. The women received training, as well as the tools and materials to make the masks.

“I was happy to hear about the mask-making project. I didn’t know anything about sewing, but I learnt fast,” recalled Asmaa.

https://storyteller.iom.int/stories/how-sewing-face-masks-helping-displaced-women-yemen

my comment: This hardly is a Yemeni idea. They really have greater problems than COVID-19 face masks.

(B H)

Photos: More than 3 million and a half of displaced people in #Yemen lack proper shelter and don’t even have the basic needs like food, clean water, blankets, warm clothes & other urgent stuff. Unfortunately, that's true. #monarelief

https://twitter.com/Fatikr/status/1332512676619169792

(B H)

UNHCR Refugee Program in Sanaa / Amanat al-Asimah January / September 2020

At the end of September, the current number of registered refugees and asylum seekers targeted by UNHCR for assistance stands at some 135,000 individuals. Of those, some 47,000 (35%) are registered in Sanaa / Amanat al-Asimah, while some 65% are registered in southern Governorates, largely Aden, Hadramouth, Lahj, Shabwah. Most of the refugees and asylum seekers are of a Somali nationality, followed by Ethiopians. Countrywide, 39% of refugees and asylum seekers are female and 23.1% are children (under 18).

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/unhcr-refugee-program-sanaa-amanat-al-asimah-january-september-2020-enar

(* B H K pS)

North Yemen fighting forces thousands to flee since January

More than 19,000 families have fled their homes in northern Yemen since January due to fighting between government forces and the Houthis, according to official figures.

In November alone around 200 displaced families were forced to escape from their camps in Raghwan district, outside Marib city, as the Houthis increased their missile attacks and shelling to weaken government forces, the internationally recognized government’s Executive Unit for IDPs Camps said in a report released on Nov. 20.

“Some of the displaced people were forced into running away from homes and displacement camps three or four times,” Najeeb Al-Saadi, the unit’s head, told Arab News on Thursday.

The latest fighting outside Marib has pushed the number of displaced people in the city to 1.2 million since early 2015, representing almost 45 percent of the displaced people in Yemen.

Al-Saadi said 8,000 people, who had previously lived in Majazer district in northern Marib and Al-Khaneq camp in Sanaa’s Nehim after fleeing Houthi-controlled territories in 2015, were forced to seek refuge after the Houthis made major territorial gains in Marib and Sanaa.

Those families were forced again into heading to Marib’s downtown area as fighting and shelling rocked camps.

“Humanitarian interventions are inadequate compared to the big number of displaced people,” Al-Saadi added, urging the UN to pressure the warring factions to stop fighting in Marib.

If the Houthis invaded Marib, he warned, more than a million people would be displaced from the city, causing a major humanitarian crisis. “We should all work on preventing the war from getting closer to displacement camps which could trigger a huge displacement and no one would be able to help them.”

https://www.arabnews.com/node/1768901/middle-east

(B H)

Renewal of School, Renewal of Hope

Fatma Al Zahraa School is among the schools targeted by the National Foundation for Development and Humanitarian Response (NFDHR) as part of the Emergency Response Project for Education Services funded by the Yemen Humanitarian Fund (YHF).

The director of the NFDHR office in Al-Hudaydah, Hilal Humaid, confirms that targeting Fatima school came after a preliminary evaluation study showing the need for urgent intervention to help continue the educational process. The school needs seats, rehabilitation of six classrooms and construction of additional classrooms to provide good environment for learning in this region where poverty is widespread.

Hana Jilan, a science teacher at the school, explains that old classrooms are unfit for education and do not help children to learn, “especially during the summer season when the temperature reaches around 40° which makes it difficult for young girls to bear, especially if they are sitting on the ground under roofs made of zinc sheets”.

As a response, NFDHR established two classes attached to the school, in addition to rehabilitating four toilets, and providing 130 double-eats and 16 whiteboards. Furthermore, 734 school girls (first to sixth grade) were provided with school bags with their supplies.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/renewal-school-renewal-hope

(B H)

Yemen: UNHCR Operational Update, 26 November 2020

UNHCR started the distribution of cash assistance to help internally displaced families prepare for the winter, prioritising some 12,380 vulnerable displaced families living in sub-standard shelters. UNHCR will provide them with cash to help them make improvements to their shelters, buy a heater or warm clothes. This winter, UNHCR will distribute USD 6 million to 30,000 IDP families.

Over the reporting period, partners worked with displaced communities to set up some 900 new transitional shelters. In Aden, Lahj, Taizz and Hudaydah governorates, UNHCR and partners aim to distribute and mount about 4,400 transitional shelters for displaced families. The transitional shelters offer families that have been displaced for months, often years, a longer-term solution. They are produced using locally available material, adapted to withstand harsh weather.

About 3,380 Yemeni families displaced by conflict received core relief items in Hadramaut, Al Mahra, Marib, Hudaydah, Sa’ada, Al Jawf, Ibb and Taizz governorates

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-unhcr-operational-update-26-november-2020

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

(A P)

The Houthi militia have cut off internet from Aljawf isolating it from the world./Almeethaq News.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43540

(A P)

The Houthi self-styled governor of Shabwa called from his city of residence, Sana’a, for sympathizers to bomb the oil pipelines in the government-held Shabwa, multiple websites reported.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43540

(A P)

Saudi regime evading its responsibility for catastrophes in Yemen, Houthis

Foreign minister in the Houthi government Hisham Sharaf on Sunday accused the Saudi regime of evading its responsibility for catastrophes in Yemen after six years of war against 30 million Yemeni people.
Through flagrant interference in Yemen's affairs and dirtiest conspiracies, Saudi Arabia has caused the worst humanitarian crisis in the modern world, he said in a statement carried by the Houthi-run Saba news agency.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-21493.html

(A P)

Mohammed al-Houthi: A plan for peace is being prepared

Top member of the Supreme Political Council, Mohammad Ali Al-Houthi, confirmed there is a plan is being prepared for peace in Yemen.

Al-Houthi said: “We have a real and ready peace plan, asking for peace-loving people to sign it.”

In September, al-Houthi revealed a comprehensive solution document being presented to the United Nations including equitable peace solutions for all Yemenis.

“The United Nations is looking for how to satisfy the coalition countries by adopting coalition’s plans, while it rejected any proposals presented by the government in Sana’a,” he added.

Al-Houthi’s announcement came after the US National Security Council accused the National Salvation Government of “rejecting calls for a ceasefire.”

Mohammed Abdelsalam, head of the national negotiating delegation, denied the US accusations, describing them as misleading.

“The establishment of peace depends on the cessation of the aggression and the lifting of the blockade,” he said.

“The US National Security Council should condemn President Trump for continuing to ship deadly weapons to Saudi Arabia to kill thousands of civilians in Yemen,” he added.

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2020/11/29/mohammed-al-houthi-a-plan-for-peace-is-being-prepared/

(A P)

Health condition of Tawfiq Al-Mansouri is deteriorating inside a prison in #Sanaa, his brother said Sunday, adding Houthis are denying him medical care & preventing his family from giving him necessary medicines. Al-Mansouri is one of four journalists held by Houthis for 5 years

https://twitter.com/FuadRajeh/status/1333086154925760515

and

(A P)

Family to detained journalist demand again his release

The family to Tawfeeq Al-Mansouri, a detained journalist in Sana’a said on Sunday that his health deteriorated dramatically and that he recently had renal failure symptoms.

While in prison, Al-Mansouri has been suffering from asthma, shortness of breath, heart rheumatism, diabetes a

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43541

(A P)

Houthis are maintaining fierce arrest campaign as part of a crackdowns on people of Al-Hazm, the provincial capital of Aljawf./Multiple websites.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43540

and

(A P)

The Yemeni Journalists Union has issued an urgent call to the ICRC to check on the health of journalist Tawfeek al-Mansouri who is reportedly going from bad to worse in a Houthi-run jail in Sana’a. /Multiple websites

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43540

(A H P)

Man offers his kidney for sale to redeem his sister from Houthi jail: website

A man by the name Mohammed Alghozzi has offered his kidney for sale to be able to pay ransom and get his sister and her five children out of a Houthi-run jail in Saada, Alharf 28 news website reported.

Alghozzi said Houthi militants got his brother-in-law and his entire family (Alghozzi’s sister and her kids) to Saadah in a sting operation a year and a half ago before arresting them all and throwing them up to jail.

The website mentions no reason why Houthis arrested the man

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43539

and

(A H P)

A man in Yemen's Saada province is offering his kidney for sale. He needs money to get his sister out of a Houthi prison. His sister was jailed along with her husband and children on "fabricated charges". The children have been released. The mother is still jailed.

https://twitter.com/FuadRajeh/status/1333020562445230080

referring to

Citizen # Nashwan_Muhammad_Ibrahim offers to sell his kidney in order to pay a sum of money to get his sister out of one of Saada's prisons. Nashwan says that his sister’s charges were fabricated and she, her husband, and her minor children were imprisoned. After suffering and following up, the brother managed to release his sister’s children and was unable to pay the costs of a lawyer to defend the case (documents)

https://twitter.com/h_alsarare/status/1332777092530966532

(A P)

Houthi extremists blow up two houses, one belonging to photojournalist’s father

Houthi extremists bombed two houses in Yemen’s central Taiz city on Sunday, several media platforms reported quoting ‘local sources.’

The Shia theocratic militants bombed the house of Yahya al-Azzani, father of photojournalist Muhannad, and the house of another man by the name Ameen al-Sharaabi, east of the besieged city.

“The militia laced the two houses - located on a frontline - with bombs and blew them up,” one source told al-Share’a website. Plumes of smoke were seen afterwards.

The UN-pampered militia have blown up several hundreds of houses and other buildings belonging to intellectual oppositionists and relatives of oppositionists over the past six years alone.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43538

and also https://www.arabnews.com/node/1770201/middle-east

(A P)

Several people were killed and injured in armed clashes in Saba Roundabout in Sana’a. / Multiple websites.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43518

(A P)

Houthis storm a market (Alsuneinah) in Sana’a by gunmen, military trucks and bulldozers./Aden Alghad

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43518

(A P)

Senior Houthi leader Mohammed Ali al-Houthi is in bad condition as a result of an assassination attempt in Sana’a on Thursday. The wave of violence between several Houthi leaders is attributed to internal rivalry between the Houthis who hail from Sana’a and those from Saada. /Multiple websites.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43518

(A P)

Journalist Tawfeek al-Mansouri is suffering deteriorating health conditions in Houthi jails and his life is at risk./Yemen Sky.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43518

(A P)

Iran ready to expand cooperation with Yemen in health sector

Iran's ambassador to Yemen announced the readiness of the Islamic Republic to expand bilateral cooperation in the field of health and medicine.

https://iranpress.com/content/30377

(*A P)

14 Indian nationals detained in Yemen’s capital Sana’a for long finally set free

The 14 Indian nationals are from the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

Fourteen Indian nationals who were under long detention in Yemen’s capital Sana’a have been finally released, set free, the Indian Embassy in Djibouti informed through a tweet.

“The 14 Indian nationals who were under long detention in Sana'a have been released today. The Embassy had been in constant contact with them. Our local Embassy official in Sana'a is making arrangements for their safe return to India,’” it said in a tweet.

https://zeenews.india.com/india/14-indian-nationals-detained-in-yemen-s-capital-sana-a-for-long-finally-set-free-2327311.html

and https://twitter.com/indiaindjibouti/status/1332641851011190784

(* B P)

Two Keralites among 20 seamen held captive by Houthi rebels in Yemen

They are crew of 3 ships which set off to Saudi Arabia from Oman but anchored off Yemen

Twenty seamen, including two Keralites, have been under detention of Houthi rebels in Yemen capital Sana’a since February this year.The detainees are crew of three ships which set off to Saudi Arabia from Oman but anchored off Yemen coast.

“We were heading to Yanbu port in Saudi Arabia to facilitate construction activities. En route, we came to know that one of the ships sank in Red Sea due to inclement weather.

The crew of that ship were rescued and we anchored off Yemen coast in early February. Soon a group approached us disguised as Coast Guard and took us to Sana’a. They were Houthi rebels. We were apprehended on the ground that we encroached on Yemen’s territorial waters,” Praveen told TNIE over WhatsApp.

Though initially the crew were told that they would be freed soon, nothing happened. The rebels demanded a ransom of 2 lakh Omani Riyal from the Omani ship owners. “But the owners did not respond. They shrugged off the responsibility, saying things are now in the hands of the government. Since then, they were evasive,” said Musthaba.

https://www.newindianexpress.com/states/kerala/2020/nov/29/two-keralites-among-20-seamen-held-captive-by-houthi-rebels-in-yemen-2229458.html

and also https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kolkata/bengal-sailor-held-in-yemen-hotel-since-february/articleshow/79469763.cms

(A P)

Parliament suspends membership in Arab Parliament

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3117942.htm

and also https://debriefer.net/en/news-21478.html

(A P)

Houthis offer condolences to Iran over assassination of nuclear scientist

https://debriefer.net/en/news-21454.html

and also https://hodhodyemennews.net/2020/11/28/yemen-sends-condolences-to-iran-over-murder-of-mohsen-fakhrizadeh/

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2020/11/28/ansarullah-sends-condolences-to-iran-for-assassination-of-nuclear-scientist-mohsen-fakhrizadeh/

https://english.almasirah.net/post/16401/Yemeni-Scholars-Condole-Iran-Over-Fakhrizadeh-s-Martyrdom

(A K P)

Abdulsalam: Saudi Arabia Can Regain Its Lost Security Only By Stopping Aggression, Lifting Siege on Yemen

The American and British weapons will not provide protection to the Saudi aggressive regime, but by stopping the aggression and lifting the siege on Yemen, Saudi Arabia will regain its lost security, the head of the National Delegation confirmed on Saturday.

Mohammad Abdulsalam’s remarks came as the British Ministry of Defense admitted on Friday that it deployed its forces in Saudi Arabia to protect Saudi oil facilities from Yemeni retaliation attacks.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/16386/Abdulsalam-Saudi-Arabia-Can-Regain-Its-Lost-Security-Only-By-Stopping-Aggression%2C-Lifting-Siege-on

and also https://debriefer.net/en/news-21466.html

(* B P)

Houthi terrorism: 1,635 abductees victims of brutal torture

Civilian abductees inside the Houthi militia’s prisons are subjected to the most heinous psychological and physical torture without distinction
between a child or elderly man or woman, and killing many kidnapped, rights groups revealed.

In a new report issued Saturday, Rasd Coalition, which consists of several local human rights organizations and activists, unveils that 1635 Yemeni civilian abductees have experienced various forms of brutal physical and psychological torture and cruel treatment inside cells of Houthi militia.

It states that 109 children, 33 women and 78 elderly people from 17 Yemeni Governorates are among the tortured abductees.

The report mentions that 1,427 abductees had been subjected to psychological and physical torture, including 101 children, 24 women and 63 elderly.

It says that violent torture had resulted in full and partial paralysis, chronic diseases, loss of memory, loss of eye sight and loss of hearing for the victims.

It indicates that 208 abductees exposed to various forms of brutal torture that led to death, including 8 children, 9 women and 15 elderly people.

According to the report, some abductees had died under torture inside prisons, others died due to denial of treatment, many were physically eliminated inside the prisons while some were forced by militia’s brutality and torture to commit suicide.

The report records higher cases of torture in Sana’a province with 430 abductees tortured by Houthi militia including 12 kids, 8 women and 12 elderly, besides 48 civilian abductees brutally tortured to death, among them 4 elderly and 8 women of whom five committed suicide after they were raped under guns threats by Houthi militia’s inside the central prison.

Second comes the northern province of Hajjah, with (161) cases of physical and psychological torture practiced by Houthis against abductees inside its militia cells, including 34 children and women and (6) elderly people, beside 6 more abductee killed under torture, 2 of them kids, 1 elderly, according to the report.

Ibb province ranked third with 113 abductees brutally tortured by the militia, 37 abductees died under torture, including 3 children and two elderly people.

http://en.26sepnews.net/2020/11/29/houthi-terrorism-1635-abductees-victims-of-brutal-torture/

(A P)

Houthis vow continuing attacks inside Saudi lands

The US National Security Council's (USNSC's) deploring of Houthi attacks on Saudi cities and facilities will not the group's shelling the Kingdom in depth, a member of the Houthi politburo tweeted on Friday.
The US criticism will not benefit Saudi Arabia, Mohamed al-Bokhaiti added, as "we'll put that condemnation under our feet and go ahead with shelling the Saudi depth."
He advised foreign companies to leave the Kingdom, and foreign ships to keep away from Saudi seaports.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-21458.html

and also https://twitter.com/Naseh_Shaker/status/1332396076528267270

(A P)

Sanaa Receives 176 Return Officers, Soldiers Who Were Fighting with Coalition on Border Front

The National Center for Returnees in Sana'a received, Thursday, new batches of returnees to the homeland, consisting of 176 officers, individuals and employees of the so-called Sixth Brigade, Border Guard, who were with the coalition.

On Wednesday, Sana'a received 50 officers and soldiers, who left the coalition military camps and returned to the homeland.

The returnees revealed that the coalition treats its mercenaries in humiliating way, beating, imprison and punishing them in humiliating collective punishment.

During the reception, the returnees expressed their happiness to return to the national party, after leaving the ranks of the coalition.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/16371/Sanaa-Receives-176-Return-Officers%2C-Soldiers-Who-Were-Fighting-with-Coalition-on-Border-Front

(A P)

Iran ready to transfer experience of electricity generation to Yemen

Iran’s Ambassador to Sana’a and the Caretaker of the Yemeni Ministry of Electricity and Energy discussed the transfer of technical and educational experiences in the field of electricity generation.

https://iranpress.com/content/30273

(A P)

Hadi advisor: Houthi death sentences against Yemeni officials curb national settlement

The Houthis will "live lingering horror, won't enjoy the land they seized and won't rule," advisor to the Yemeni President tweeted on Wednesday, since the "Yemeni people won't put their souls in Houthi possession, even if some deceived people fought with them."
Commenting on Houthi rulings against Yemeni senior officials and commanders opposing the group, Ahmed Obaid Bin Daghr added: "Who will prosecute whom? You aren't only sentencing Yemeni pro-unity characters.., but you're issuing sentences against the country's unity and the nation's highest interest, and placing strong dams in the face of an end to war, reunion and national inclusive settlement

https://debriefer.net/en/news-21413.html

(B P)

Houthis hold hundreds of Yemeni women on political charges, [Hadi] Gov't says

The Yemeni government on Wednesday accused the Houthi group of arresting hundreds of women on political charges, urging organisations defending the rights of women to condemn the Houthi terrorism and to pressure the group to release all female detainees.
We remember thousands of Yemeni women suffering in Houthi-controlled regions, information minister, Muammar Al-Eryani, said on the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.
"There are hundreds of women detained on political charges for years inside illegal Houthi jails. They have been subjected to all types of violence, abuses and physical and psychological torture," he wrote on Twitter.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-21410.html

and also https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43489

(A K P)

Al-Ajri: Our Missiles Will Remain Ready, Only Peace Will Stop Them

Sana'a government has demonstrated over the past years its desire for peace, member of the Yemeni negotiating delegation, Abdulmalik Al-Ajri has said.

Al-Ajri indicated in a tweet on Wednesday that desire is not enough alone in a world that believes in nothing but money and does not have mercy on the weak, an enemy that does not hesitate to use all the prohibitions of military, economic and humanitarian in wars.

“As we raise the flag of peace, our missiles will continue to be stationed, and only peace will stop them,” he added.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/16350/Al-Ajri-Our-Missiles-Will-Remain-Ready%2C-Only-Peace-Will-Stop-Them

(A K P)

Al-Houthi: Yemeni Military Institution Does Not Hide Any Operation It Carries Out

Mohammad Ali Al-Houthi, member of the Supreme Political Council, has confirmed that the Yemeni military and security institutions announce any military action that is being carried out.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/16351/Al-Houthi-Yemeni-Military-Institution-Does-Not-Hide-Any-Operation-It-Carries-Out

(A K P)

Mohammed al-Houthi speaks on fundamental nature of the war on Yemen

Top member of the Supreme Political Council, Mohammed Ali al-Houthi, has reiterated that the Quds-2 missile that targeted the Saudi Aramco facility last Monday was created and built completely by Yemeni industry.

“The more Saudi Arabia continues its war on the Yemeni people and targeting its vital facilities, the more Saudi-led coalition continues its aggression and war on Yemen, then the more the Yemeni army will continue to target Saudi facilities, in defence of Yemen and the Yemenis,” Mohammad al-Houthi added.

“The aggression warplanes have been targeting the Yemeni people for nearly six years,” al-Houthi said, adding the aggression imposes an all-out blockade, preventing patients from traveling abroad, cutting the salaries of state employees as well as destroying the national currency.

“The aggression against Yemen was done, among other reasons, as part of a competition between two projects: the Silk Road project adopted by China (…) and the Neom project, which includes the King Salman Bridge that links Egypt to the Arabian Peninsula”, al-Houthi explained.

The Neom project is a Saudi plan to build a massive “smart city” front he ground up in the northwest of the kingdom, meant to operate as cross-border business and finance hub linking to Egypt.

He stressed that “the Yemeni people will not surrender or retreat in the face of aggression, and aggression has only one way to move towards honourable peace, otherwise the battle will continue until victory”.

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2020/11/26/mohammed-al-houthi-speaks-on-fundamental-nature-of-the-war-on-yemen/

and also https://english.almasirah.net/post/16352/Al-Houthi-Missile-That-Targeted-Saudi-Aramco-100%25-Yemeni-made

(A K P)

The Houthi militia have asked the former army’s members to join the warfronts against the government or resign from their public jobs./Almashehad Aldowali

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43495

cp6 Südjemen und Hadi-Regierung / Southern Yemen and Hadi-government

Aden verbleibt in der Hand der Separatisten im Süden. Ihre medien verbreiten eine große Menge von parteiischen Berichten, die das Narrativ der Separatisten überihren Hauptgegner, die Islah Partei (genannt "Muslim-Bruderschaft"), über die Kämpfe in Abyan und Shabwa, ihre Herrschaft in Aden und den von ihnen kontrollierten Gebieten verbreiten.

Aden remains in the hands of southern separatists. Their media are spreading a bulk of biased reports, showing their narrative of their foes from Islah Party (labeled “Muslim Brotherhood”), the fighting at Abyan and Shabwa, their self-rule at Aden and the areas under their control.

(A K P)

Large numbers of STC militants who hail from Yafe’a region have withdrawn from the frontline with the government in Abyan, accusing their comrades from Dhale’a of sacrificing less and thus suffering less casualties in the fight with the government forces ./Watan al-Ghad

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43540

(A K P)

The Southern Transitional Council condemns tergeting Saudi by the terrorist Houthi militia

https://en.smanews.org/south-arabia/the-southern-transitional-council-condemns-targeting-saudi-by-the-terrorist-houthi-militia/

(A K P)

Formation of new Yemen government at final stage, says PM

Prime minister of Yemen Maeen Abdulmalik on Sunday said the formation of a new government is underway.

We are taking the final steps to form the new government which is expected to shoulder huge responsibilities to alleviate the suffering of the people, he said at a meeting with the Russian ambassador Vladimir Dedushkin.

The statement comes amid conflicting reports about progress on this issue and escalating violence between the forces of the government and the UAE-backed southern transitional council in the south.

The two sides in July accepted a mechanism presented by Saudi Arabia to accelerate the implementation of the Riyadh agreement which they signed late last year.

But Saudi Arabia, which leads a military coalition fighting in the country, has failed to commit them to abide by the mechanism and the agreement.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-21488.html

My comment: He promises this the 20 th times? 21st? 22nd??

(* B P)

Welcome to Yemen - World's most unlikely tourist destination?

In the midst of an ongoing conflict that has caused what the United Nations calls the world's worst humanitarian crisis, the governorate of Shabwa in southern Yemen is enjoying a mini-boom. For much of the last decade, it was a haven for al-Qaeda, which thrived here in the chaos of Yemen's civil war.

Today, the streets of Ataq, its capital, are busy, the markets full, and new buildings are going up on every corner.

"The Ataq you see today and this city last summer are two different places," says Abd Rabbo Hashleh, Shabwa's deputy governor, who proudly points out how visitors encounter only a few security checkpoints these days. Eighteen months ago, he says, there were dozens of them - all run by different groups.

Shabwa contrasts with most of Yemen, which is still riven by the civil war that erupted in late 2014

Shabwa's previous slide into lawlessness predated even the civil war.

The tide began to turn in 2016, when Saudi Arabia's ally in the war, the United Arab Emirates, oversaw the formation of the Shabwani Elite forces.

After a protracted period of clashes - and according to some reports, discreet pay-offs - AQAP was pushed back into neighbouring Abyan province. Locals say it is a battle that Yemen's dislodged central government, whose forces are fighting on multiple fronts and whose president, Hadi, in exile in Riyadh, could not have won alone.

Some see Shabwa as the blueprint for a united, federalised Yemen, where provinces can cater to local traditions and tribal allegiances, while remaining loyal to central government and contributing troops to a national army. But the potential for unrest is still there.

https://www.stuff.co.nz/travel/destinations/middle-east/123549052/welcome-to-yemen--worlds-most-unlikely-tourist-destination

and also (paywalled)

https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2020/11/28/welcome-yemen-former-al-qaeda-haven-builds-beach-resort-hope/

My remark: Shabwah governorate hosted a group of Western journalists. – Thies piece looks quite like “embedded journalism”. The Hadi government – Southern separatists’ conflict is not even emntioned, although it had caused severe fighting in Shabwah as well. The Shabwani Elite forces is an UAE-armed pro-separatist militia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shabwani_Elite.

(A K P)

Six STC militants were killed by government forces during confrontations in Shabwa/ Multiple websites.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43518

(A K P)

Former PM bin Daghr: Abyan clashes deepen Yemen’s conflict. And the STC control on Aden won’t last long because they (STC) are void of coexistence values. /Hadhrarem Net.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43518

(A K P)

At least two mercenaries killed in infighting in Mocha

Several militants loyal to Tariq Saleh forces were killed and wounded in an explosion on Friday evening in the coastal city of Mocha, in the west of Taiz province, local sources said.

Tariq Saleh’s forces were deployed at the scene and accused the leaders of the so-called Tihama Resistance of being involved in the operation, the sources said.

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2020/11/28/at-least-two-mercenaries-killed-in-infighting-in-mocha/

(A P)

Yemen minister warns of repeating mistake of peace and national partnership agreement

Yemen's fisheries minister Fahad Kefayen said on Saturday that the insistence on implementing the political part of the Riyadh agreement before the military and security part aims to empty the agreement of its content.
In a series of tweets, he warned the danger of producing a copy of the peace and national partnership agreement which paved the way for the Houthi takeover in September 2014.
All Yemenis, including the southerners, are looking forward to concrete outcomes of the implementation of the agreement, most importantly restoring security, improving basic services and rebuilding the country, he said.
"These outcomes will not be achieved unless the security and administrative authorities are unified and all efforts are combined under the flag of the state," he said.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-21467.html#

and

(A P)

Yemeni minister: quota-based gov't formation destined to fail

Yemen's new government formation on the basis of quota will lead only to pitter failure, the country's minister for local administration warned on Saturday, calling for a technocrat government instead.
"Any quota-based formation of next cabinet will produce as weak government as the national coalition one shared by the General People's Congress and the Joint Conference Parties," Abdul Raqib Fateh added in a tweet.

The forthcoming government is expected to consist of 24 portfolios equally shared by northern and southern provinces, as stated in the Riyadh Agreement.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-21463.html

(A P)

Prime Minister-designate Maeen Abdulmalik Saeed has missed several deadlines to form a new government as political forces wrangle over key ministries and which should come first; announcing the government or withdrawing forces from contested areas.

https://www.arabnews.com/node/1769906/middle-east

(A K T)

STC senior officer assassinated in Yemen Dhalea

Commander of the Emirati-backed Southern Transitional Council (STC) Security Belt forces in Qa'ataba was assassinated on Saturday.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-21461.html

and also http://en.adenpress.news/news/30620

(A K P)

Clashes between gov't forces, separatists break out in southern Yemen, 16 killed: officials

Intense armed confrontations broke out between the government forces and military units of the Southern Transitional Council (STC) in Yemen's southern province of Abyan early on Saturday, a security official told Xinhua.

"Fighting began between the government forces and the STC's military units overnight and continued throughout the day amid exchange of intense artillery shelling in Abyan," the local security source said on condition of anonymity.

He said hours of fighting left nearly 10 members of the STC's military units killed including four senior officers.

Meanwhile, another official of the government forces confirmed that six of their soldiers were killed by the STC's shelling in Abyan.

Local residents said the two sides are still battling with artillery fire, mortar shells and machine guns in areas east of Zinjibar, Abyan's capital city.

http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-11/28/c_139549908.htm

and

(A K P)

4 killed in southern Yemen province

Four people were killed on Friday during a mortar fire exchange between government forces and separatists in the southern province of Abyan, local military officers told Arab News.

Government forces stationed in the Sheikh Salem area shelled forces loyal to the pro-independence Southern Transitional Council (STC) on Friday night, killing four fighters — including two officers — a government officer and STC media said. The STC forces responded by shelling army locations in Abyan, causing no casualties.

https://www.arabnews.com/node/1769906/middle-east

and

(A K P)

13 killed in Yemen clashes between separatists and pro-government forces

Deadly fighting involving southern breakaway group follows breakdown in power-sharing talks in August

Clashes between southern Yemeni separatists and pro-government forces in Yemen's Abyan province killed 13 fighters, according to military sources.

The infighting late on Friday between the nominal allies in the civil war against the Houthi rebels killed at least eight men from the separatist Southern Transitional Council (STC), including two officers, and five from the Yemeni government's side, military sources from both sides told AFP.

https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/13-killed-yemen-clashes-between-separatists-and-pro-government-forces

and as the separatists tell it: http://en.adenpress.news/news/30625

(* A P)

Riyadh pushes for new Yemeni cabinet but Qatar, Turkey block process

The Arab coalition is very much concerned over the expansion of the Qatari and Turkish sphere of influence within the legitimate government’s institutions and its political and partisan components.

Yemeni political sources told The Arab Weekly that the new Yemeni government brought about by the recent understandings on the implementation of the Riyadh Agreement will soon be announced.

This would come in the wake of months of disagreements over whether the political or military parts of the agreement should come first.

The Yemeni sources, however, did not rule out postponing the announcement until the beginning of next week, so that it does not look like the formation of the government came directly after the meeting between Yemeni President Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi and Saudi Deputy Defence Minister Prince Khalid bin Salman bin Abdulaziz.

The sources pointed out that the meeting between Hadi and Prince Khalid on Wednesday evening at the former’s residence in Riyadh was decisive in resolving many outstanding issues.

Well-informed Yemeni sources revealed that Prince Khaled bin Salman informed the Yemeni “legitimate” leadership of the need to implement the Riyadh agreement, and that he renewed the guarantees provided by the Arab coalition related to the implementation of the military and security part of the agreement, after the government is announced, in addition to delivering a clear message stating that the coalition was disturbed by the attempts made by some of the parties affiliated with Turkey and Qatar in the “legitimacy camp” to obstruct the formation of the government.

It did not take long for these parties to react to the leaks about the content of the meeting between the Yemeni president and the Saudi deputy defence minister. They countered by declaring that there will be no such thing as a new Yemini government until the Southern Transitional Council (STC) commits to implementing the military part of the Riyadh Agreement. Thus, the fate of the new Yemini government is still caught between Saudi Arabia’s desire to accelerate the process and obstructionist efforts of Qatar and Turkey, where the Muslim Brotherhood leaders are based.

https://thearabweekly.com/riyadh-pushes-new-yemeni-cabinet-qatar-turkey-block-process = https://ahvalnews.com/saudi-arabia-turkey/riyadh-pushes-new-yemeni-cabinet-qatar-turkey-block-process

My comment: This is by a pro-UAE, pro-separatist, anti-Qatar, anti-Turkey news site. Therefore, blame is put on Turkey – but the point simply is that the STC separatists refuse to fulfil their commitments according to the Riyadh agreement: i.e. their militia are obliged to leave Aden before a new government is formed.

(A P)

Thousands of people demand designation of Houthis a terror organization

Thousands of Yemeni protesters have asked the international community to designate the Houthis a terrorist organization.

The protesters gathered in the Freedom Square in downtown Taiz, the central Yemeni city under six year Houthi siege, chanting slogans that demand the terrorist Shia theocratic militia be treated equal to Al-Qaeda and Daesh.

The protesters called on the UN organization to do something to stop the militia’s terrorism.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43503

(A K P)

Southern army vows decisive battle against Brotherhood's militias

http://en.adenpress.news/news/30618

(A)

Photo: A happy Friday in #Aden, Altelal vs Alwehda match celebrating the reopening of Al-Hubishi football stadium! #Yemen

https://twitter.com/mabaabbad/status/1332384230228287491

(A P)

A government source has affirmed that Yemen’s political leadership has resisted pressures to form the new Cabinet before the STC’s implementation of the Military Arrangements term of the Riyadh Agreement./Alyemeni Alyowm.

Warnings are issued against forming government before the STC’s implementation of the “military arrangements”, their end of the bargain./Nabdh al-Share’a.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43495

(A K P)

The Southern Transitional Council militia in Abyan have reinforced their frontlines with quality weapons especially heat-seeking missiles in preparation to resume fighting the government. / Almashehad Alyemeni.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43495

(A P)

Pro-UAE officer found killed in Aden

Residents in the southern Yemeni port city of Aden have found a dead body of an officer on Thursday, local sources said.

According to local sources, citizens found the body of First Lieutenant Jamal Abdullah Saleh Tinah Al-Kazami, who was killed in Mansoura district

The sources said that unidentified gunmen kidnapped the officer on Wednesday, near a factory in the city

The sources said that the officer was eventually found handcuffed and with gunshot wounds, in the courtyard of a house.

Officer Jamal al-Tinah worked in the Al-Asefah Brigade, belonging to the UAE-funded Southern Transitional Council (STC).

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2020/11/26/pro-uae-officer-found-killed-in-aden/

and also http://en.adenpress.news/news/30609

This site claims he was a Hadi government army officer: https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-43487

(A P)

Hadi will not approve formation of new Yemen government, report

-Yemeni President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi will not approve the formation of the new government if the southern transitional council commits to implementing the military and security part of the Riyadh agreement first, well-informed sources said on Thursday, according to Aljazeera TV.
The government and the UAE-backed council in July agreed to a mechanism presented by Saudi Arabia to accelerate the agreement which was signed in November 2019. Both the mechanism and the agreement called for forming a new government and ending violence in the south.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-21422.html

(A P)

Could Saudi KBS visit to Hadi accelerate Yemeni new gov't declaration?

The Saudi deputy defense minister visit on Wednesday to the Yemeni President in Riyadh aimed to pressure Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi into accelerating the new government declaration and allowing for delay of the Riyadh Agreement's military section, sources concerned with Yemen expected.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-21417.html

(A P)

President Hadi, Prince Khalid discuss Riyadh deal, peace process

http://en.adenpress.news/news/30608

cp7 UNO und Friedensgespräche / UN and peace talks

(A P)

Jemen: UNO-Sonderbeauftragter fordert Konfliktparteien zur Wiederaufnahme von Friedensverhandlungen auf

UN-Sonderbeauftragter für den Jemen hat sich für direkte Gespräche zwischen den Konfliktparteien im Jemen über ein Waffenstillstandsabkommen ausgesprochen.

Der UN-Sonderbeauftragte Martin Griffiths sagte, wenn es ihm gelinge, die Konfliktpartein in den kommenden Wochen an den Verhandlungstisch zu bringen, dann werde ein Waffenstillstandsabkommen erzielt und der Jemen in Richtung Frieden gehen.

"Es ist an der Zeit, den Krieg im Jemen zu beenden", sagte Griffiths und fügte hinzu, das Problem sei die Verbreitung von Corona, weshalb Fernverhandlungen stattfänden, bei denen zunächst mit einer Seite verhandelt und nach Erreichung einer Lösung das Problem auf die andere Seite übertragen werde.

https://parstoday.com/de/news/world-i54669-jemen_uno_sonderbeauftragter_fordert_konfliktparteien_zur_wiederaufnahme_von_friedensverhandlungen_auf

(A P)

Interview with Martin Griffiths

Very simply put, the job is to make sure the parties to that war, the parties to that conflict and the chance to settle the differences, obviously through negotiation dialogue. So I see myself as a mediator brought in to mediate on behalf the United Nations, of course, on behalf of the Security Council, and the task of a mediator is, I think, a complicated one, because it's not my conflict. I'm not from Yemen. It's our conflict, because it has such dramatic consequences, not only for the people of Yemen, more broadly. But the job of a mediator, I think, is to infuse hope into people to say there can be a solution to this, to come up with ideas as to how they might resolve their inevitable differences. And to give some kind of sense of vision to the people of Yemen, that this doesn't need to go on indefinitely, because, as you know, in a war, it seems endless to those living through it. While their children don't go to school, they are displaced and disrupted. There seems no possible. And I think what we do in the United Nations, and in the job that I have, is to try to give people a sense, there is another way, there's a way out of this, and that their leaders need to take it.

I'd say to them that it's time to call it off. It's time to stop this now. It's time for them and us and the international community to step up and say to their leaders, both parties, knock it off now stop this, it doesn't need to go on. And the second thing I think we would say is, we cannot afford to let it go on the humanitarian prospect. For Yemen. It's getting much worse with a looming famine, which because of COVID, we can't afford to fund the programme to protect the people. So, it'll get worse, unless with some urgency the leaders decide to do the right thing. That's what I would say. So, come together and be champions for Yemen.

https://osesgy.unmissions.org/extracts-awake-night-podcast-interview-martin-griffiths

(* B P)

[from 2018] National dialogues as an interruption of civil war – the case of Yemen

Yemeni tribes have traditionally used dialogues to prevent clashes. At national level this tradition has been applied to prevent civil wars. This article discusses whether national dialogues are suitable instruments for setting disputes at national level, looking at the circumstances under which these dialogues could lead to successful results. Several criteria are considered, of which building an environment of trust and ownership of external interventions seem to be the most significant. Trust-building before entering into formal negotiations is important, but it is unclear whether this should be a separate phase, or can be part of a reconciliation stage, which the literature on dialogues singles out as highly conducive for success. Local ownership is an important precondition for success in the theoretical discourse, but (direct) international and regional involvement is required, as external bodies are often the cause of internal conflicts in Yemen.

The latest of these dialogues was the National Dialogue Conference (NDC) that took place in 2013 after the Arab Spring. The NDC might be the most well known, and certainly the most recent, but it certainly wasn’t the first. In fact, these dialogues already go back to the time before unification of North and South Yemen in 1990. Between 1962 and 1970, North Yemen was plagued by a civil war between supporters of the revolution of September 1962, backed by Egypt, and supporters of the Imam (theformer ruler of North Yemen) backed by Saudi Arabia. It took four dialogues – each aimed at bringing political factions to the table to discuss and solve the contentious issues that led to conflict – before reconciliation was reached between the two warring factions in 1970.

https://www.academia.edu/37535810/National_dialogues_as_an_interruption_of_civil_war_the_case_of_Yemen

Fortsetzung / Sequel: cp8 – cp19

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-697b-yemen-war-mosaic-697b

Vorige / Previous:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-696-yemen-war-mosaic-696

Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 1-696 / Yemen War Mosaic 1-696:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose oder / or http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

Der saudische Luftkrieg im Bild / Saudi aerial war images:

(18 +, Nichts für Sensible!) / (18 +; Graphic!)

http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

http://yemenwarcrimes.blogspot.de/

http://www.yemenwar.info/

Liste aller Luftangriffe / and list of all air raids:

http://yemendataproject.org/data/

Untersuchung ausgewählter Luftangriffe durch Bellingcat / Bellingcat investigations of selected air raids:

https://yemen.bellingcat.com/

Untersuchungen von Angriffen, hunderte von Filmen / Investigations of attacks, hundreds of films:

https://yemeniarchive.org/en

07:32 30.11.2020
Dieser Beitrag gibt die Meinung des Autors wieder, nicht notwendigerweise die der Redaktion des Freitag.
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Dietrich Klose

Vielfältig interessiert am aktuellen Geschehen, zur Zeit besonders: Ukraine, Russland, Jemen, Rolle der USA, Neoliberalismus, Ausbeutung der 3. Welt
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Dietrich Klose

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