Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 697b- Yemen War Mosaic 697b

Yemen Press Reader 697b: 30. November 2020: Fortsetzung von Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 697, cp8 - cp19 / November 30, 2020: Sequel to Yemen War Mosaic 697, cp8 - cp19
Bei diesem Beitrag handelt es sich um ein Blog aus der Freitag-Community

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

Dies ist die Fortsetzung von Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 697, Teil 1 / This is the sequel of Yemen War Mosaic 697, part 1:

Schwerpunkte / Key aspects

Kursiv: Siehe Teil 1 / In Italics: Look in part 1

Klassifizierung / Classification

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Coronavirus und Seuchen / Most important: Coronavirus and epidemics

cp1b Am wichtigsten: Großer Gefangenenaustausch / Most important: Great prisoner swap

cp2 Allgemein / General

cp2a Allgemein: Saudische Blockade / General: Saudi blockade

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

cp6 Separatisten und Hadi-Regierung im Südjemen / Separatists and Hadi government in Southern Yemen

cp7 UNO und Friedensgespräche / UN and peace talks

cp8 Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

cp9 USA

cp9a USA-Iran Krise: Spannungen am Golf / US-Iran crisis: Tensions at the Gulf

cp10 Großbritannien / Great Britain

cp11 Deutschland / Germany

cp12 Andere Länder / Other countries

cp12a Katar-Krise / Qatar crisis

cp13a Söldner / Mercenaries

cp13b Kulturerbe / Cultural heritage

cp13c Wirtschaft / Economy

cp14 Terrorismus / Terrorism

cp15 Propaganda

cp16 Saudische Luftangriffe / Saudi air raids

cp17 Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

cp18 Kampf um Hodeidah / Hodeidah battle

cp19 Sonstiges / Other

Klassifizierung / Classification




(Kein Stern / No star)

? = Keine Einschatzung / No rating

A = Aktuell / Current news

B = Hintergrund / Background

C = Chronik / Chronicle

D = Details

E = Wirtschaft / Economy

H = Humanitäre Fragen / Humanitarian questions

K = Krieg / War

P = Politik / Politics

pH = Pro-Houthi

pS = Pro-Saudi

T = Terrorismus / Terrorism

cp8 Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

(A P)

#Saudi Monarchy plans to raze more antiquities this time in AlAhsa. More than 500 historical homes like this one. (photo)

(A P)

Saudi Arabia has suspended Turkish meat imports - Turkish union

(* A P)

Saudi regime forces raid houses in Shia-majority Qatif region, abduct tens of young men

Saudi regime forces have reportedly stormed houses in the kingdom’s Shia-majority and oil-rich Eastern Province, arresting tens of young men as part of the Riyadh regime’s violent crackdown on followers of the religious community.

Lebanon-based Arabic-language al-Ahed news website reported on Thursday that Saudi troops onboard armored vehicles have raided residential buildings in al-Awamiyah town in Qatif region, located more than 420 kilometers (260 miles) east of the capital, Riyadh, and detained scores of people over the past two months without any justification.

The report added that Special Security Forces, accompanied by forces from Presidency of State Security – which is purportedly concerned with all matters related to counter-terrorism and domestic intelligence, last raided Awamiyah over the past few days, and arrested several young men, including Wassim Ali Al Nimer, Nabil al-Yassin and Zaki Mohammed Abu Abdullah.

The exact number of the detainees, their whereabouts and their conditions remain unknown. Their families have also not been allowed to contact them.

(A P)

Jailed Saudi women's rights activists given rare court appearance

Four jailed Saudi women’s rights activists were given a rare appearance in court on Wednesday, the family of one of them said, as the kingdom’s human rights record faces new scrutiny following the election defeat of U.S. President Donald Trump.

Loujain al-Hathloul, 31, looked weak, her body shaking uncontrollably and her voice faint, her sister Lina told Reuters, adding that her parents had sat next to her in court. It was her first appearance since March last year.

The judge announced he was transferring the case from regular criminal court to a terrorism court, Lina al-Hathloul said. Human Rights Watch denounced that decision as an attempt to escalate the case.

Another sister, Alia al-Hathloul, tweeted that three other prominent women’s rights activists - Nassima Al-Sadah, Samar Badawi and Nouf Abdelaziz - had also appeared. Further details about their appearances were not immediately available.


(A P)

The US State Department Comments on the Referral of the Saudi Activists Cases

The US State Department expressed concern, Thursday, about reports that the cases of Saudi activists, Loujain Al-Hathloul and Samar Badawi, have been referred to the Specialized Criminal Court that handles terrorism cases in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

The US State Department’s Near Eastern Affairs Office said, through its Twitter account, “We are concerned about reports that the cases of Loujain Al-Hathloul and Samar Badawi have been referred to the Saudi Terrorism Court.” “Activism on behalf of women’s rights is not a crime,” he added, expressing alarm at the allegations of violations against them and the lack of transparency in their trials.

Alia Al-Hathloul, Loujain’s sister, said on her Twitter account, Wednesday, that “After nearly 3 years of arrest, and a year from the start of the Lujain courts, the judge at the Criminal Court in Riyadh issued this day his decision not to have jurisdiction and the file of Jane was transferred to the Terrorism Court. “.

She added, “Jen’s deteriorating health was very shocking and frightening, explaining that she had gone on a hunger strike for two weeks since October 26.

(* A P)

Bin Salman Transfers Two Princes to Prison in Desert, In Preparation for their Execution

International lawyer, Mahmoud Rifaat, delivered a heavy surprise, revealing a dangerous development related to the fate of the two princes, Ahmed bin Abdulaziz and Muhammad bin Nayef, in preparation for their execution. Rifaat stated in Twitter that he knew from a reliable source that Prince Ahmed bin Abdulaziz and Muhammad bin Nayef were transferred the past hours from their detention to a prison in the desert.

He added that this measure may be to execute them as a preemptive step by Mohammed bin Salman so that the Biden administration (the new American president) does not find an alternative to him. The lawyer concluded, "Unfortunately, narrow-mindedness controls everything. The alternatives are many and the end of Faisal may be repeated."

The former Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Nayef (61 years) and Prince Ahmed (78 years), who are considered potential competitors to the current crown prince, were arrested in March during a campaign of arrests of senior members of the royal family.

Observers believe that bin Salman wants to anticipate any sudden matter in the way of his father’s succession, and this is a sensitive issue in the first aspect related to the health of his father, King Salman, who is 85 years old, who no longer appears in public except sporadically and for a very short time.

(B P)

Saudi-Israeli relations: The curious case of a NEOM meeting denied

Saudi Arabia denies that the meeting took place, with Foreign Minister Faisal bin Farhan saying flatly: “No such meeting occurred.” Air-traffic watchers saw that a plane previously used by Netanyahu flew from Israel to the area near NEOM, spent several hours on the ground, and returned, seemingly confirming the leaks in Israel. The reports set off a frenzy of speculation about a formal opening of ties between the two countries, which have had covert contacts going back to the 1960s.

The ambiguity over the facts is the first puzzling aspect of these reports: Did a meeting actually take place? Did something go awry? Or did a meeting take place, but each side took the public stance that best met its political needs? Certainly, such a meeting is yet another boon to Netanyahu, domestically, following the treaties with the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Bahrain, and the initiation of normalization with Sudan.

A second puzzle is timing. Why would the Saudi and Israeli leaders take such a significant public step now (if indeed they did)? The prospect of the new Joe Biden administration looms large for both parties. One might have thought that both Riyadh and Jerusalem would opt to minimize their intimate relationship with the lame-duck Trump and Pompeo, and instead present their warming relationship as a welcome opportunity for the incoming Biden and secretary of state nominee Antony Blinken.

(* B K P)

G20: Saudi Arabia's human rights problems that won't go away

For Saudi Arabia, playing host this weekend - albeit virtually - to the G20 group of the world's leading economies is a moment of great national pride.

But for human rights activists around the world, it is a cause of deep disquiet.

Calls for a boycott have now given way to appeals to leaders of the G20 to use the opportunity to put pressure on the Saudi authorities.

Human rights groups have a host of concerns. Here are three of the key ones.

Female activists jailed

Loujain al-Hathloul is the most prominent of a group of women activists arrested in 2018. According to her family, she was beaten, given electric shocks and threatened with rape after her arrest.

A grisly murder

The killing of a journalist inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul in 2018 caused shock and revulsion around the world - and a short-lived diplomatic crisis.

War without end

The five-year-long conflict involving Saudi Arabia and rebels in Yemen has created what the UN calls the world's worst humanitarian crisis - and both sides have been accused of potential war crimes.

cp9 USA

Siehe / Look at cp1, cp9a

(A P)

Trump senior aide Kushner and team heading to Saudi Arabia, Qatar

White House senior adviser Jared Kushner and his team are headed to Saudi Arabia and Qatar this week for talks in a region simmering with tension after the killing of an Iranian nuclear scientist.

A senior administration official said on Sunday that Kushner is to meet Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in the Saudi city of Neom, and the emir of Qatar in that country in the coming days.

Kushner and his team helped negotiate normalization deals between Israel and Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates and Sudan since August. The official said they would like to advance more such agreements before President Donald Trump hands power to President-elect Joe Biden on Jan. 20.

U.S. officials believe enticing Saudi Arabia into a deal with Israel would prompt other Arab nations to follow suit. But the Saudis do not appear to be on the brink of reaching such a landmark deal and officials in recent weeks have been focusing on other countries, with concern about Iran’s regional influence a uniting factor.

(B P)

Pompeo’s Middle East farewell tour

Pompeo has been clear that the Trump administration will continue to look for ways in its waning hours to cement its “maximum pressure” policy on Iran further and constrain the incoming administration. Iran was a key point of discussion in all of the capitals Pompeo visited. Moreover, if that was the predicate for the Netanyahu-MbS engagement, it will be problematic for the Biden administration, which has stated its policy goal of re-engaging with Tehran on the Iran nuclear deal. In addition, Pompeo was understood to be discussing with his interlocutors in the Gulf the possibility of designating Yemen’s Houthis as a Foreign Terrorist Organization, allegedly at Saudi, Emirati, and possibly Government of Yemen urging. If he proceeds with that move, it will make the Biden administration’s professed interest in playing a constructive role in resolving the Yemen conflict more difficult as well as undercut critical humanitarian relief programs.

(* B P)

Labeling the Houthi rebels as terrorists would prolong Yemen’s war, not end it

The Trump administration risks pushing the group closer to Iran.

There’s no quick or easy way to end Yemen’s six-year civil war — a brutal conflict between the Iran-backed Houthi rebels and a range of forces lined up against them, most prominently, the country’s Saudi Arabia-backed government. There are, however, ways to prolong it, one of those being the Trump administration’s apparent decision to designate the Houthi movement as terrorists. Such a designation could precipitate what the United Nations describes as “the worst famine the world has seen in decades,” chill diplomatic efforts to achieve a peaceful settlement and push the Houthis closer to Iran’s leaders.

Arguments in favor of a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) designation — and the sanctions that go with it — are familiar: In a Washington Times op-ed last month, Yemen’s minister of information explicitly called for such a designation to facilitate, among other things, “freezing its assets.” In recent days, Saudi foreign minister Prince Faisal bin Farhan al-Saud said an FTO designation was “entirely appropriate.” They see it as necessary to hinder any Houthi attempts to achieve international recognition for their de facto control of northern Yemen and cut off resources for their war effort. The Trump administration wants to further its “maximum pressure” campaign directed at Iran’s regime by going after one of its apparent proxies.

But in the waning days of Trump’s presidency when administration officials, chiefly Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, seem intent on blithely increasing sanctions, it’s important to remember that these measures aren’t just a symbolic way to signal a get-tougher stance toward America’s foes. They have real-life consequences and often life-threatening ones for ordinary citizens in affected countries.

An FTO designation would, indeed, hurt the Houthis’ finances. But it could come at a steep cost for ordinary Yemenis: International businesses that enable global trade — shippers, insurers and bankers — would probably conclude that it isn’t worth the risk to do business, not just in Houthi-controlled areas, but in Yemen as a whole. The fear of criminal liability or economic sanctions could severely curtail financial and trade inflows nationwide, depreciating Yemen’s currency and ratcheting up the price of basic foodstuffs in a country where 60 percent of the population is food-insecure.

The Houthis’ foes may believe this would be a price worth paying if it were to bring the rebels to their knees. But the political logic for an FTO designation isn’t clear-cut.

And what, other than an intensification of cross-border attacks — such as this week’s attack on a Saudi oil facility, claimed by the Houthis — might Tehran suggest in return?

The terrorist designation is also unlikely to shift the Houthis’ assessment of the balance of power. The group, who call themselves Ansar Allah, see the civil war not merely as a short-term domestic conflict but as a phase in a broader “struggle” against Western-backed governments in Yemen and across the region. Sanctions are unlikely to make them bend.

Given their military and economic power, the rebels themselves would probably be last and least to suffer the consequences of a designation; ordinary Yemeni civilians would probably suffer first and most. The rebel movement would almost certainly use an FTO designation from the U.S. government and ensuing humanitarian fallout for propaganda purposes, potentially drawing more Yemenis to their cause and further dividing Yemeni society.

Alarmed at the prospect of an FTO designation, a number of career civil servants from across the executive branch say they fear it would have catastrophic consequences; one privately told us the potential decision was “uniformly unpopular” among professional staff. But whether any of their arguments will affect Pompeo’s calculus is another matter. He appears more interested in consolidating the outgoing administration’s legacy and setting a potential trap that the incoming Biden administration would inherit.

A famine-stricken Yemen, a Houthi movement more dependent on Iran and continued threats to Saudi Arabia would probably flow from a decision to designate the Houthis as a terrorist organization. None would serve the interests of ordinary Yemenis, and none would serve those of the United States – by Robert Malley and Peter Salisbury

(A P)

Ilhan Omar fordert Biden auf, Trumps Abkommen mit dem Nahen Osten rückgängig zu machen

Die US-Kongressabgeordnete Ilhan Omar hat Amerikas Verbündete am Golf als „Diktatoren“ bezeichnet und sagte, dass Abkommen zwischen Regionalstaaten und Israel keine „Friedensabkommen“ seien. Omar äußerte sich in einem Artikel in The Nation.

Sie forderte den designierten Präsidenten Joe Biden auf, die Geschäfte von Präsident Donald Trump mit dem Nahen Osten rückgängig zu machen, und sagte, die USA begännen mit dem „Übergang“ zu einer neuen Präsidentschaft, die „auf Frieden und Zusammenarbeit basiert“. Die Außenpolitik müsse eine Priorität sein, meinte sie.

„Trump hat unsere Verbündeten verhöhnt, verspottet und Brücken zu ihnen abgerissen, während er sich gleichzeitig mit einigen der brutalsten diktatorischen Regime auf der ganzen Welt, insbesondere im ölreichen Nahen Osten, anfreundete“, sagte die demokratische Repräsentantin für Minnesota. „Der Schaden, den die Trump-Regierung angerichtet hat, ist schwerwiegend…“ Biden, fügte sie hinzu, habe eine „gewaltige Chance“, die US-Außenpolitik in der Region neu auszurichten.

Mein Kommentar: Träum‘ weiter. Dass die USA mit den saudis im Bett liegen, hat wenig mit Trump zu tun und ist schon seit fast 80 Jahren so.

(* B P)

Anti-war US Army veteran warns of hawks in Biden transition team

[Anti-Kriegs-Veteran der US-Armee warnt vor Falken im Biden-Übergangsteam. Das Übergangsteam des designierten Präsidenten Joe Biden ist voll von Kriegsfalken und Schergen der Waffenindustrie. Max Blumenthal und Ben Norton sprechen mit dem US-Armee-Veteranen Danny Sjursen, der im Irak und in Afghanistan kämpfte, bevor er ein antiimperialistischer Aktivist und Journalist wurde, darüber, wie eine Außenpolitik der Biden-Harris-Regierung aussehen könnte.
Sjursen, der zuvor an der Militärakademie der Vereinigten Staaten lehrte, erörtert auch, wie kriegstreiberische Mitglieder der West-Point-Mafia die US-Regierung und den militärisch-industriellen Komplex dominieren.
Übersetzung CG]
President-elect Joe Biden’s transition team is full of war hawks and weapons industry shills. Max Blumenthal and Ben Norton speak with US Army veteran Danny Sjursen, who fought in Iraq and Afghanistan before becoming an anti-imperialist activist and journalist, about what a Biden-Harris administration foreign policy would look like.
Sjursen, who previously taught at the United States Military Academy, also discusses how warmongering members of the West Point Mafia dominate the US government and military-industrial complex.
Sjursen’s website. Sjursen’s The Nation article “How the ‘West Point Mafia’ Runs Washington”, here.

(* B P)

Surprise! America Is Getting Another Psycho For Secretary Of State

“Blinken was a key adviser to Biden when the senator voted to authorize the use of force against Iraq,” Nonzero reports. “Blinken has tried to recast the vote as merely ‘a vote for tough diplomacy,’ but post-invasion remarks by Biden make that claim implausible. In a recent Washington Post op-ed that Blinken co-authored with Robert Kagan, one of the chief architects of neoconservative foreign policy doctrine, he implied that the problem with the Iraq War was poor execution (‘bad intelligence, misguided strategy and inadequate planning for the day after’) rather than the very idea of invading a country in violation of international law even after it had admitted weapons inspectors to assess the claims motivating the invasion.”

How true can Biden’s claim be that he regrets his pivotal role in facilitating that unforgivable act of mass military butchery if he’s continued employing the man who advised him about it as an advisor ever since, and is now appointing him to Secretary of State? If someone advises you to do something that you truly regret, do you continue seeking out that person’s advice on the same subject and give them even more power and control over it?

We can expect the next secretary of America’s second war department to help the US death machine ramp up world-threatening cold war escalations with China and Russia. In a July interview with Blinken, The Wall Street Journal‘s Walter Russell Mead was told of the Biden campaign’s plan to “tame China, Russia and woke Democrats” using “Cold War-era Democratic policy”, including “a liberal multilateralism—supplemented when absolutely necessary by the American military and a willingness to use it.”

“A Biden administration won’t be looking for a reset, a grand bargain, or anything more than a businesslike relationship with Vladimir Putin,” Mead wrote after the interview. “Democrats haven’t been this hawkish on Russia since the Kennedy administration.”

All you really need to know about Tony Blinken has been summed up nicely in a must-see new Behind the Headlines report by Dan Cohen. Blinken’s career has been a pendulum between expanding the US empire and helping corporate power knit itself more deeply into that empire. Within the Obama administration he backed the unforgivably devastating interventions in Libya and Syria as well as the 2014 Ukraine coup, he was a major proponent of backing the Saudi-led mass atrocities in Yemen, and he says such proxy conflicts will be the new model for US interventionism going forward.

(* B P)

Biden’s new secretary of state ready to take on the Middle East

Antony Blinken, President-elect Joe Biden's choice to lead the State Department, has worked alongside Biden for nearly two decades.

Blinken would oversee a drastically different foreign policy than that of current Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, whose embrace of Trump’s “America First” foreign policy the Biden team has vowed to reverse.

One of the Biden administration’s early foreign policy priorities will be salvaging the landmark Iran nuclear deal, from which Trump unilaterally withdrew in 2018. Biden has called for rejoining the accord if Iran resumes compliance.

Doing so, Blinken has said, would put the United States "in a position to use our renewed commitment to diplomacy … but also we'd be in a much better position to effectively push back against Iran's other destabilizing activities.”

In war-wracked Yemen, another country where civilians are bearing the brunt of a protracted civil war, the president-elect has pledged to end US support for the Saudi-led military campaign.

In 2018, Blinken and several other former Obama administration officials signed an open letter calling on the Donald Trump administration to withdraw support for Riyadh’s military campaign, which rights groups have accused of war crimes.

The US relationship with Saudi leaders and other Middle East autocrats would “look very different” under Biden, his chief foreign policy adviser said in July.

"We would review the US relationship with the government of Saudi Arabia, to which President Trump has basically given a blank check to pursue a disastrous set of policies, including the war in Yemen, but also the murder of Jamal Khashoggi [and] the crackdown on dissent at home," said Blinken.

My comment: Before taking care of “Iran's other destabilizing activities”, better stop US “destabilizing activities” first.

(* B P)

Biden's First Message to Riyadh Should Be: Playtime's Over | Opinion

President-elect Joe Biden and his newly-announced national security team will inherit dozens upon dozens of bilateral relationships that either need fixing, tinkering, or mending.

And yet there are still other relationships that desperately require a total revaluation or recalibration. U.S.-Saudi relations is the poster child of this group—even more so given the incompetence, petulance, and misjudgment Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman has shown ever since he captivated Western commentators with his wide smile and youthful, "can-do" attitude.

The hypothesis that U.S.-Saudi relations can't go on the way they have over the previous eight decades is not new. Indeed, former National Security Council staffers and former career intelligence officials like Bruce Riedel have been screaming at the rooftops for years on why it is imperative for Washington to stop coddling the Saudis like a parent coddles a spoiled 8 year-old child. But by and large, the pleadings have fallen on deaf ears across the U.S. nationals security bureaucracy.

U.S. thinking on Saudi Arabia is still very much wedded to 20th century realities, where the U.S. economy was powered by Persian Gulf oil and the royal family was treated as an indispensable ally against the Soviet Union's machinations in the region.

If there was any time for a change in how the U.S. conducts business with Saudi Arabia, it is today. This is due in part to present geopolitical realities. For all the blood and treasure the Middle East has soaked up over the last 19 years, its strategic importance to the United States simply isn't worth the over-investment and attention Washington's has showered on the region.

With violence, economic distress, and political dysfunction set to dominate the Middle East for the foreseeable future and U.S. interests in the region limited to defending the homeland from anti-U.S. terrorist attacks, one wonders why any future U.S. administration would think it wise to sink deeper into the quicksand.

The other reason Washington should reset its ties with Saudi Arabia, however, is because the state of the kingdom's leadership is so abysmal at the moment that U.S. officials risk moral hazard for supporting Riyadh's [mis]adventurous foreign policy. Mohammed Bin Salman, the 30-something year old crown prince, can perhaps be described as the Tasmanian Devil of the Middle East. Literally everything he touches creates more problems for the kingdom.

None of these moronic decisions serve U.S. national security interests—and despite this most elementary fact, MBS has been treated by the White House as the untouchable golden-boy of the Middle East.

Fortunately, U.S. support to Riyadh may no longer be unconditional – By Daniel R. DePetris

(* B P)

IntelBrief: Houthis Resilient Against U.S. And Gulf Pressure

The United States and its Gulf allies have failed to significantly roll back the battlefield gains or military capabilities of Yemen’s Houthi movement.

As it did for Lebanese Hezbollah, Iranian support has helped build the Houthis into a political power and a strategic force-multiplier for Iran.

The designation of the Houthis as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) could complicate peace and humanitarian efforts without setting back Houthi capabilities.

The Trump administration wants to block efforts by the Biden administration to distance U.S. policy from Saudi Arabia and the UAE and to re-engage with Iran.

An FTO designation of the Houthis, reportedly to be issued by December 1, would resultantly disrupt the Biden administration’s plans to distance the United States from Saudi Arabia and the UAE and to shift policy on Iran. An FTO designation, by associating the Houthis with the IRGC-QF, will stoke opposition to the Biden administration’s intent to rejoin the 2015 multilateral Iran nuclear deal that President Trump abrogated in 2018. The designation will embolden those that support continued close U.S. alignment with Saudi Arabia and UAE and their opposition to any Yemen settlement that gives the Houthis significant power. Mediators and humanitarian groups argue that designating the Houthis as an FTO will set back mediation efforts and hinder the delivery of humanitarian aid to Yemeni civilians. The FTO designation makes criminal the provision of ‘material support’ (funding, donations) to an FTO. No matter what ‘carve-outs’ are provided for humanitarian transactions, the designation will deter organizations from dealing with the Houthis, who control substantial territory. Yet, presidents generally have substantial latitude on foreign policy—the Biden administration would likely be able to accomplish its desired policy shifts despite hurdles erected by the outgoing Trump administration.

(B P)

US Plan to Blacklist Yemen’s Houthis Could Spark Humanitarian Crisis, Observers Say

Gerald Feierstein, a former U.S. ambassador to Yemen and senior vice president at the Middle East Institute (MEI), told VOA that the terror labeling would make it more difficult for the U.N. to push for a peaceful resolution of war between the rebels and the Saudi-backed government.

“Houthis are already sanctioned by the United Nations, there is an arms embargo and there is no legitimate arms trade for the Houthis. So this will not have any effect on their position on the ground,” Feierstein said.

Such a move, he added, “will be seen as a political gesture, not as a gesture that is aimed at strengthening our counterterrorism strategies or identifying terrorist organizations.”

Some experts say Iran wishes to use the militia to establish a dominant influence in Yemen, a strategy that largely has worked with the Lebanese Hezbollah and Iraq’s Popular Mobilization Forces.

My comment: The narrative of Iran, promoted by an ex-CIA person, is repeating an old propaganda story.

(B P)

Film: Why Biden Picked Tony Blinken Over Susan Rice

Rania Khalek explains why she thinks Biden picked Tony Blinken to be Secretary of State even though everyone, including Rania, thought he'd pick Susan Rice.

cp9a USA-Iran Krise: Spannungen am Golf / US-Iran crisis: Tensions at the Gulf

(* A B P)

Tötung von iranischem Atomphysiker: Der Schattenkrieg im Nahen Osten

Das Attentat auf Mohsen Fakhrizadeh ist ein neuer Höhepunkt eines verdeckten Krieges. Irans Führung beschuldigt Israel und fordert eine "entschlossene Bestrafung". Viel hängt nun vom Kurs des künftigen US-Präsidenten Biden ab - und von Trumps verbleibenden Tagen.

Dieser Schattenkrieg steht nun wieder an einem Punkt, an dem er in eine offene militärische Auseinandersetzung umschlagen könnte.

Irans Führung hat Gründe, auf die Amtsübergabe in Washington zu warten und auf ein besseres Verhältnis unter dem neuen Präsidenten Joe Biden zu hoffen. Präsident Rohani hatte sich noch am Mittwoch zuversichtlich gezeigt, dass die Probleme mit den USA unter Biden "einfach zu lösen" sein könnten, wenn der seine Wahlkampfversprechen einlöse und die USA zurück ins Atomabkommen führe. Allerdings wollen die Hardliner in Teheran keine Verständigung mit den USA, sondern sie aus der Region vertreiben. Zudem ist Donald Trump noch mehr als 50 Tage im Amt - und es ist völlig offen, was bis dahin noch passiert. =

(* A B P)

Attentat: Wohl von langer Hand geplant

Israel rechnet nach Attentat mit Vergeltung. Entsprechend alarmiert sind nicht nur die israelischen Auslandsbotschaften, sondern auch viele jüdische Gemeinden weltweit.

Seit dem offenbar von langer Hand geplanten Attentat auf ihn am Freitagnachmittag hüllt sich Israel zwar offiziell in Schweigen.

Teheran wiederum beschuldigte als Erstes Israel, hinter dem Anschlag zu stecken. Mit Vergeltungsschlägen muss gerechnet werden.

Sicherheitsexperten halten für ebenso möglich, dass sich der Iran seiner „Vertreter“ in Syrien, Irak oder Jemen bedient, um sich für den Anschlag zu rächen, der mutmaßlich auf das Konto des Mossad geht.

Einen der denkbaren Gründe, warum er gerade jetzt erfolgte, sieht Ex-General Amos Yadlin vom Institute for National Security Studies der Tel Aviver Universität darin, Iran zu einer militärischen Eskalation zu provozieren. Allerdings glaube er nicht, Teheran werde sich in den letzten Regierungstagen Donald Trumps dazu hinreißen lassen. Für wahrscheinlicher hält er, wie viele andere israelische Fachleute, das Motiv, es jenen schwerer zu machen, die eine Rückkehr zu einem Deal mit Iran wollen – so wie der designierte US-Präsident Joe Biden.

Israel ist interessiert, Bidens politischen Manövrierraum, mit den Iranern wieder zu verhandeln, möglichst zu verringern. Wenn überhaupt, so Yadlin, müsste ebenso deren Raketenarsenal sowie die Forderung nach erweiterten Befugnissen für die Inspektoren der internationalen Atomaufsichtsbehörde auf den Tisch. Darum ging es wohl auch bei Netanjahus Treffen vor einer Woche mit dem saudischen Kronprinzen Mohammed Bin Salman in Neom.

(A P)

Iran to give 'calculated', 'firm' response to scientist’s assassination: Senior official

The head of Iran’s Strategic Council on Foreign Relations says the Islamic Republic will give a calculated response to the recent assassination of senior nuclear scientist, Mohsen Fakhrizadeh.

Issuing a message on Sunday, Kamal Kharrazi, who is also a former Iranian foreign minister, condemned the assassination, noting that the Iranian scientist lost no opportunity to achieve his scientific objectives with the final goal of ensuring the security of his country.

(A P)

MPs demand Iran restrict IAEA inspections after scientist assassination

Iranian lawmakers have issued a statement demanding that the country respond to the recent assassination of a senior nuclear scientist near Tehran by restricting the United Nations' regulatory mandate regarding Iran’s nuclear program.

Members of Majlis (Iran’s Parliament) offered the proposal in a statement that was read out at the legislature on Sunday.

“Such atrocity entails an immediate and regret-inducing response,” they said, stressing that the best means of retaliation is through “the revival of the country’s brilliant nuclear industry by ending its voluntary adherence to the Additional Protocol” and restricting the UN nuclear watchdog's unprecedented inspection regime.

(A P)

Iran Parliament Passes Double-urgency Motion to Counter US Sanctions

The majority of Iranian lawmakers have approved double urgency of a strategic motion, which aims to counteract unilateral sanctions imposed on the Islamic Republic by Western countries, topped by the United States.

The motion passed through the Parliament during its Sunday session with 232 votes in favor.

Iranian lawmaker Mojtaba Zonnouri, who had called for the double urgency of the motion, said as verified by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Islamic Republic has fulfilled all its commitments as per the landmark nuclear agreement of 2015, officially known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

However, he added, the United States, as one of the signatories to the accord, has lifted banking sanctions only on paper and continued to pose threats and impose sanctions on international banking system after it withdrew from the JCPOA in 2018.

(* A P)

Mohsen Fakhrizadeh assassination: How the world reacted

Turkey describes killing of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh as ‘act of terrorism’ while the EU calls it ‘criminal’ and urges ‘maximum restraint’.

Here is how the world has reacted so far to Fakhrizadeh’s killing:



Cabinet minister for Settlement Affairs Tzachi Hanegbi said he had “no clue” who was behind the Fakhrizadeh killing.

European Union

A statement from a spokesperson for the European Union called Fakhrizadeh’s killing “a criminal act” that “runs counter to the principle of respect for human rights the EU stands for”.

It also urged all parties to show “calm and maximum restraint”.

“In these uncertain times, it is more important than ever for all parties to remain calm and exercise maximum restraint in order to avoid escalation which cannot be in anyone’s interest,” the statement said.


Qatari Foreign Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdulrahman Al Thani condemned the assassination in a phone call with Zarif.

United Nations

The UN condemned Fakhrizadeh’s killing while urging restraint in order to avoid an “escalation of tensions”.


(* A P)

EU urges restraint after killing of Iranian nuclear scientist

Former CIA director John Brennan warned the assassination risked sparking a wider conflagration in the Middle East.

“This was a criminal act and highly reckless. It risks lethal retaliation and a new round of regional conflict,” Brennan tweeted.

“Iranian leaders would be wise to wait for the return of responsible American leadership on the global stage and to resist the urge to respond against perceived culprits.”

(A P)

Trump retweets Israeli journalist’s message praising assassination of Iranian scientist

US President Donald Trump has retweeted a message by an Israeli journalist that praised the assassination of top Iranian scientist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh, raising questions over what role his administration played in the terror attack.

The lame-duck president has yet to publicly comment on the brazen attack, but retweeted a post by Israeli journalist Yossi Melman, who claimed the killing was “a major psychological and professional blow for Iran.”

Sina Toossi, a senior research analyst at the National Iranian American Council (NIAC), characterized Trump’s tweet as an “implicit approval” of the assassination.


(A P)

Iran will respond to scientist’s assassination in due time: Rouhani

Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has warned of a plot hatched by Israel to incite chaos in the region, vowing that Tehran will at the proper time respond to the assassination of its prominent nuclear scientist.


(A P)

Iran newspaper: Strike Haifa if Israel killed scientist

An opinion piece published by a hard-line Iranian newspaper on Sunday suggested Iran should attack the Israeli port city of Haifa if Israel carried out the killing of the scientist who founded the Islamic Republic’s military nuclear program in the early 2000s.

Though the hard-line Kayhan newspaper has long argued for aggressive retaliation for operations targeting Iran, Sunday’s opinion piece went further, suggesting any assault be carried out in a way that destroys facilities and “also causes heavy human casualties.”

(* A P T)

[US] Officials say Israel was behind killing of Iranian nuclear scientist: report

Officials on Friday confirmed Iranian allegations that Israel was behind the killing of the Islamic republic’s top nuclear scientist, according to a report.

An unidentified American official and two unidentified intelligence officials told the New York Times that Israel was responsible for the slaying of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh during an ambush near the capital of Tehran.

It’s unclear whether the US knew about the attack ahead of time, but American and Israeli officials have long shared intelligence about Iran, the Times said.

Meanwhile, a former high-ranking CIA official told the Washington Post that Fakhrizadeh’s slaying appeared to be linked to President Trump’s electoral loss to President-elect Joe Biden, who has pledged to rejoin the 2015 Iran nuclear deal on the condition that “Iran returns to strict compliance.”

The operation reflects thinking of those in the [Israeli] government – and/or the Trump administration – who see these next few weeks as their last chance to make relations with Iran as bad as possible, in an effort to spoil the Biden administration’s efforts to return to diplomacy with Tehran,” said Paul Pillar, now a senior fellow at Georgetown University’s Center for Security Studies.

and also


(A P T)

Eminent physicist assassination aims to hinder Iran’s strategic research, former AEOI chief tells Press TV

The assassination of Iran’s prominent physicist Mohsen Fakhrizadeh is aimed at obstructing the Islamic Republic’s strategic research, says an Iranian lawmaker and nuclear scientist, stressing that the country will strongly resist the enemies’ pressure.


(* A P T)

Iran scientist linked to military nuclear program killed

An Iranian scientist named by Israel as the leader of the Islamic Republic’s disbanded military nuclear program was killed Friday in an ambush on the outskirts of Tehran, authorities said.

Iran’s foreign minister alleged the killing of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh bore “serious indications” of an Israeli role, but did not elaborate.

and also

Comments: Reminder: Who has hundreds of illegal nuclear weapons? […]

To all the deranged hawks justifying the assassination of yet another Iranian nuclear scientist, imagine if Iran started killing American scientists who work for weapons companies, you all would lose your shit and demand carpet bombing Iran in return.

Killing Iranian scientists is terrorism. And apartheid Israel has a long history of killing Iranian scientists. Imagine if it were an American or European scientist who was killed. Western governments & corporate media outlets would immediately call it terrorism. Because it is.

Iran doesn’t have a nuclear weapons program, but corporate media is always happy to abandon its anti-Trump pretense and publish complete fabrications to carry water for aggression against US gov’t-designated Official Enemies.

and as a reminder:



(* A P T)

How the assassination of Iran’s top nuclear scientist can sabotage diplomacy & start a war

Some Iranian reports claim it was a suicide attack, which would reduce the likelihood of Israeli operatives carrying out the attack, but the bullet holes in Fakhrizadeh’s car cast doubt on that.

Israel has in the past, however, used operatives from the the MEK — a cult-like Iranian exile group recently removed from the State Department’s list of terrorist organizations — to conduct attacks in Iran. The MEK was the first group to introduce suicide assassinations to Iran.
But Israel is a prime suspect for several reasons: It has the expertise and capacity, has done it before, and has a motive.

While it’s highly unlikely that Israel would have carried out the assassination without a green light from the Trump administration, a more direct U.S. role cannot be entirely discounted. The Trump administration has reportedly run several joint sabotage operations with Israel against Iran’s nuclear facilities in the past year and relied in part on Israeli intelligence in carrying out the assassination of Gen. Qasem Soleimani outside the Baghdad airport last January. Earlier this month, Trump himself reportedly raised the possibility of attacking Iran with his top national-security advisers

In any event, conducting attacks in Iran has few downsides for Israel right now. Iran could lash out and spark a broader conflict that sucks in the United States, bringing about a U.S.-Iran confrontation that Netanyahu has long sought.

Or, if Iran sits tight to wait to deal with President-elect Joe Biden, the Trump administration is highly unlikely to impose any costs on other Israeli provocations.

Either way, the assassination (and other likely future attacks) will likely harden Iran’s position and complicate — if not ultimately cripple — the Biden team’s attempts to revive diplomacy. That serves Netanyahu’s interest as well.

If Israel was behind the assassination of Fakhrizadeh — which seems highly likely though not yet proven — it demonstrates the degree to which Netanyahu feels emboldened to undermine Democratic U.S. presidents with impunity and drag the United States into war.

U.S. strategic partnerships should serve to make the United States more, not less, secure. But that is where we are today with many American partnerships around the world. This will not change unless and until Washington decides to end its drive for military hegemony in the Middle East.


(* A P T)

Reports are now quite clear that Mohsen Fakhrizadeh--the former head of Iran's pre-2004 nuclear weapons program--was the target of an assassination attempt in Iran. Who did it? Why? What are the likely consequences? How will Iran respond? A few thoughts...

Unsurprisingly, Israel tops the list of suspects. Why do it now? Because they know Trump may be more tolerant of this move than a Biden admin. And if it leads to an Iranian response that makes it harder for the U.S. to return to the JCPOA, that's a good outcome too.

That explains timing/tactics, but not the larger question of why do it at all. What's the desired impact on Iran? First, it sends a message to Iran--and to Iranian scientists--that they are being watched, and that they aren't safe.

It also no doubt undermines morale (they took out the big guy), and might temporarily disrupt whatever projects Fakhrizadeh might have been engaged in at SPND. It also probably eliminated a key source of institutional memory (and possible nuclear weapons advocacy).


(A P T)

Film: Red Lines Live: US & Israel pushing Iran to brink of war

Red Lines host Anya Parampil speaks with Professor Mohammad Marandi of The University of Tehran and Investigative Journalist Gareth Porter about the recent assassination of Dr. Mohsen Fakhrizadeh in Tehran


(* A P T)

Iran’s supreme leader vows revenge over slain scientist

Iran’s supreme leader on Saturday called for the “definitive punishment” of those behind the killing of a scientist linked to Tehran’s disbanded military nuclear program, a slaying the Islamic Republic has blamed on Israel.

Israel, long suspected of killing scientists a decade ago amid tensions over Tehran’s nuclear program, has yet to comment on the killing Friday of Mohsen Fakhrizadeh. However, the attack bore the hallmarks of a carefully planned, military-style ambush.

The slaying threatens to renew tensions between the U.S. and Iran in the waning days of President Donald Trump’s term, just as President-elect Joe Biden has suggested his administration could return to Tehran’s nuclear deal with world powers from which Trump earlier withdrew. The Pentagon announced early Saturday that it sent the USS Nimitz aircraft carrier back into the Mideast.

In a statement, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei called Fakhrizadeh “the country’s prominent and distinguished nuclear and defensive scientist.”

Khamenei said Iran’s first priority after the killing was the “definitive punishment of the perpetrators and those who ordered it.” He did not elaborate.

(A P)

Pentagon sends aircraft carrier USS Nimitz back to Persian Gulf

The USS Nimitz aircraft carrier is steaming back to the Persian Gulf region to provide backup for troops being pulled out of Iraq and Afghanistan.

It will be arriving in the Middle East days after Iran’s top nuclear scientist was killed in an ambush that Tehran has blamed on Israel, but the Pentagon said it was President Trump’s withdrawal of troops in the two countries that spurred the deployment of the aircraft carrier and its flotilla of ships back to the gulf, where it had been for much of the fall.

cp10 Großbritannien / Great Britain

Siehe / Look at cp1

(* A H K P)

How the UK's foreign aid cut could affect Middle East countries most in need

Yemen, Syria, Jordan and Lebanon among highest recipients of British government aid, and may lose funds after £4bn annual cut

The UK government announced this week that it will cut its annual foreign aid spending from 0.7 percent of GDP to 0.5 percent - a decision that could have a significant impact on vulnerable people in the Middle East.

Chancellor Rishi Sunak made the announcement on Wednesday as part of the government’s annual spending review. Sunak said the drop in funds, which amounts to about £4bn a year, was a “temporary” measure to help deal with the coronavirus crisis at home.

The move has been widely criticised, including by three former prime ministers.

Meanwhile, Conservative MP and chair of the Defence Select Committee Tobias Elwood said that the aid cut would lead to a “vacuum in some of the poorest countries in the world”, which China and Russia may “extend their authoritarian influence” into as a result.

“We cannot genuinely claim to be global Britain nor serious about creating post-conflict strategies for countries like Libya and Yemen that could lead to great UK prosperity when our hard power is not matched by our soft power,” Elwood said.

Libya and Yemen are among several countries in the Middle East and North Africa that currently receive official development assistance from the UK government, and could be affected by the sizeable cut in funds.

War-torn Yemen and Syria were in the top 10 countries to receive UK aid money in 2019, at £260m and £223m respectively. The vast majority of this was on humanitarian assistance, with Yemen and Syria by far the two highest recipients of UK humanitarian aid last year.

'Nobody can eat a gun': Arms and aid in Yemen

In Yemen, a particular concern among some NGOs is that the UK may in fact be doing more to cause the country's humanitarian crisis than to combat it.

"Making billions from arms exports which fuel the conflict while providing a small fraction of that in aid to Yemen is both immoral and incoherent. The world’s wealthiest nations cannot continue to put profits above the Yemeni people,” Muhsin Siddiquey, Oxfam’s Yemen country director, said.

With regards to the UK specifically, the Campaign Against Arms Trade (CAAT) said the government had licensed £5.4bn of arms sales to Saudi Arabia between 2015 and 2020, significantly more than it has given in aid to Yemen over the same period.

The figure for arms sold to Riyadh is likely to be even higher, as it doesn’t include "open" licences granted, which allow an unlimited transfer of some weapon types.

“Nobody can eat a gun,” Andrew Smith of CAAT told Middle East Eye.

(B H)

The 'unheard voices' of Liverpool's Yemeni community that risked being lost forever

Scouse-Yemeni poet and activist Amina Atiq has been gathering stories that could otherwise be 'lost to history'

(* B K P)

Rights groups highlight UK’s role in fuelling Yemen’s conflict

A new report by two non-governmental organisations has highlighted the UK's role in fuelling Yemen;s long-running conflict.

SAM for Rights and Liberties, a Yemeni human rights organisation based in Geneva, and the Foundation for Supporting Peace and Democracy (FSPD), a British NGO, called on the UK government to stop supplying weapons to Saudi Arabia and the UAE

The report by the two NGOs notes that arms purchases by Saudi Arabia accounted for 41 percent of the total volume of UK arms exports between 2010 and 2019, while 19 percent of arms imported to Saudi Arabia came from the UK.

The Campaign Against the Arms Trade (CAAT) says that the total published value of UK export licences for military exports to Saudi Arabia since the start of the Saudi-led bombing campaign in Yemen is £5.4 billion ($7.2 billion).

However, CAAT estimates the real value of the UK’s military exports to Saudi Arabia during this period could be as high as £16 billion ($21.4 billion).

The report identified the companies Excelitas, BAE Systems, VestGuard UK, and Rolls-Royce as the main UK exporters of arms to Saudi Arabia.

The exports included £2.9 billion ($3.3 billion) of aircraft, helicopters, drones, and related equipment and £2.5 billion ($3.8 billion) of bombs, missiles, grenades, and related equipment.

The report also said that CAAT had estimated the total value of the UK's export licences to the UAE since the bombing of Yemen began as £715 million ($955 million).

cp11 Deutschland / Germany

(* B K P)

Außenpolitik als völkerrechtsfreier Raum?

Zum Drohnen-Urteil des Bundesverwaltungsgerichts
An diesem Mittwoch hat das Bundesverwaltungsgericht (BVerwG) in der Sache Air Base Ramstein mündlich verhandelt – und noch am selben Tag entschieden (BVerwG, Urteil vom 25. November 2020 – 6 C 7.19). Die ausführlichen Entscheidungsgründe sind noch nicht veröffentlicht, aber bereits die Pressemitteilung ist aufgrund ihrer Implikationen für die innerstaatliche Durchsetzung des Völkerrechts bemerkenswert. (…)
Vor allem im außenpolitischen Kontext wird oftmals vor der politischen Einmischung der Gerichte gewarnt. Dabei ist gerade die aktuelle Entscheidung des BVerwG politisch. Mit einer rechtlich fragwürdigen Begründung vermeidet das Gericht, in die Verlegenheit zu kommen, Völkerrecht entgegen den außenpolitischen Interessen der Bundesregierung durchsetzen zu müssen.
Dabei vergibt das Gericht die Chance, die innerstaatliche Bindung an das Völkerrecht zu stärken. Schließlich liegt es in der Hand der Rechtsprechung, ihre eigene Passivität in dieser Sache aufzugeben – eindrucksvolles Beispiel ist das nun hinfällige vorinstanzliche Urteil des OVG Münster. Indem es sich mit einer passiven Rolle begnügt, bedient das BVerwG nicht nur das Klischee vom Völkerecht als „zahnlosem Tiger“, sondern hat sich nebenbei auch selbst als solcher entlarvt.
Innerstaatlich bleibt den Kläger*innen nun nur noch die Möglichkeit einer Verfassungsbeschwerde vor dem BVerfG. In dieser Hinsicht besteht allerdings mit der Varvarin-Entscheidung des BVerfG aus dem Jahr 2013 ein kleiner Lichtblick.


(* B P)

Fragwürdiges Urteil zur US-Airbase in Ramstein

Die Entscheidung des Bundesverwaltungsgerichts Leipzig verkennt die Bedeutung von Völkerrecht und Menschenrechten. Die Bundesregierung muss Grundrechte stärker durchsetzen und darf das geheime Drohnenprogramm, das jedes Jahr zahlreiche Zivilisten tötet, nicht länger tolerieren. Unabhängig von der Entscheidung des Gerichts bleibt die Forderung aktuell: Die US-Mordzentrale in Ramstein muss geschlossen werden.

Seit Jahren führen die USA über die Relaisstation in Ramstein einen Großteil ihrer außergerichtlichen Tötungen durch Kampfdrohnen durch. In Ländern wie Somalia, Jemen, Afghanistan oder Pakistan kamen durch den Einsatz von Kampfdrohnen bereits Tausende Menschen zu Tode, darunter zahlreiche Zivilisten. So auch Salim bin Ali Jaber und Walid Abdullah bin Ali Jaber, ein Lehrer und ein Polizist aus dem Jemen, deren Fall nun von dem Bundesverwaltungsgericht in Leipzig in dritter Instanz verhandelt worden ist.

Ramstein wird bei solchen Angriffen genutzt, um Daten aus den Leitzentralen in den USA an die Drohnen zu schicken. Wegen der Erdkrümmung kann dies nicht direkt passieren. Von Kontrollstationen in den USA wird die Kommunikation mit den Drohnen über ein Glasfaser-Kabel nach Ramstein geleitet und von dort via Satellit in die Einsatzgebiete. In Ramstein werten zudem ein Teil des Einsatzteams Echtzeitbilder aus und unterstützt die in den USA sitzenden Drohnenpiloten. Klar ist: Ohne die Daten, die über Ramstein fließen, könnten die USA ihre Kampfdrohnen nicht in den Jemen fliegen. In anderen Worten: Ohne Ramstein wären Salim bin Ali Jaber und Walid Abdullah bin Ali und die vielen anderen zivilen Opfer wohl noch am Leben. Die Bundesregierung macht sich mitverantwortlich für die US-Verbrechen, indem sie die Drohnenkriege von deutschem Boden toleriert.

Der Einsatz von Kampfdrohnen ist aus völkerrechtlicher Sicht laut Wissenschaftlichem Dienst des Bundestages nicht grundsätzlich verboten und somit auch nicht per se völkerrechtswidrig (WD 2 – 3000 – 149/16). Gilt das Friedensrecht, also außerhalb bewaffneter Konflikte, darf das Menschenrecht auf Leben aber nur in sehr engen Ausnahmefällen verletzt werden.

Beim Drohnenangriff auf Salim bin Ali Jaber und Walid Abdullah bin Ali im Jemen im Jahr 2012 ist jedoch von einer völkerrechtswidrigen Militäroperation auszugehen, da dieser lange vor Beginn des sogenannten „Jemenkriegs“ als internationaler Konflikt 2015 stattfand.

Unabhängig von der umstrittenen juristischen Sicht darauf, ob über Ramstein gesteuerte Drohneneinsätze der US-Streitkräfte eine beihilfefähige, völkerrechtswidrige „Haupttat“ darstellen – wie die Bundesregierung mit dem Einsatz von Kampfdrohnen über die Zwischenstation Ramstein umgeht, bleibt ihrem außenpolitischen Gestaltungsspielraum überlassen. Anstatt diesen zu nutzen und das US-amerikanische Drohnenmordprogramm endlich zu beenden, plant die Bundesregierung die Bewaffnung eigener Drohnen – von Sevim Dagdelen, MdB

Mein Kommentar: Denkfehler: Ein US-Drohnenangriff wäre auch nach der Internationalisierung des Jemenkriegs 2015 völkerrechtswidrig, da die US dem Jemen nie den Krieg erklärt hat.

(* B K P)

Eine brisante Antwort der Bundesregierung zur wichtigen Rolle Ramsteins im US-Drohnenkrieg

Die Bundesregierung hat am 30. November 2016 in einer Bundestagsfragestunde durch den Staatsminister im Auswärtigen Amt (AA) Michael Roth (SPD) nach mehrjähriger Verzögerung eine brisante Antwort auf eine parlamentarische Anfrage des Abgeordneten Hunko (Die Linke) zur bedeutsamen Rolle der US-Airbase Ramstein im globalen US-Drohnenkrieg gegeben, mit der sie frühere eigene Auskünfte modifiziert.

Staatsminister Roth erklärte jetzt u.a., “die US-Seite” habe der Bundesregierung am 26. August 2016 mitgeteilt, dass “die globalen Kommunikationswege der USA zur Unterstützung unbemannter Luftfahrzeuge Fernmeldepräsenzpunkte auch in Deutschland einschlössen, von denen aus die Signale weitergeleitet würden. Einsätze unbemannter Luftfahrzeuge würden von verschiedenen Standorten aus geflogen, unter Nutzung diverser Fernmelderelaisschaltungen, von denen einige auch in Ramstein laufen würden. Außerdem teilte sie (= die US-Seite) mit, dass im Jahr 2015 in Ramstein eine Vorrichtung zur Verbesserung der bereits zuvor vorhandenen Fernmeldeausstattung fertiggestellt worden sei, und sie hat uns darüber informiert, dass Ramstein eine Reihe weiterer Aufgaben unterstütze, darunter die Planung, Überwachung, Auswertung von zugewiesenen Luftoperationen.”

Mit den Ausführungen des AA-Staatsministers Michael Roth werden die brisanten Whistleblower-Enthüllungen des früheren US-Drohnenkriegspiloten Brandon Bryant, dem dafür 2015 von IALANA und der Vereinigung Deutscher Wissenschaftler der Whistleblower-Preis verliehen wurde, der Sache nach bestätigt. Zugleich wird damit das Prozessvorbringen der Bundesregierung in mehreren verwaltungsgerichtlichen Verfahren zu Ramstein korrigiert, in denen sie erklärt hatte, von einer Einbeziehung der Airbase Ramstein in den globalen US-Drohnenkrieg könne aufgrund der Auskünfte der US-Regierung keine Rede sein.

Die Bundesregierung geht nach der Erklärung von AA-Staatsminister Roth allerdings auch nunmehr weiter davon aus, es gelte “weiterhin die Zusicherung der Vereinigten Staaten, dass Aktivitäten in US-Militärliegenschaften in Deutschland im Einklang mit dem geltenden Recht erfolgen.” Und Staatsminister Roth weiter: “Ich kann nicht generell von einem völkerrechtswidrigen Verhalten sprechen; wir können das nur auf den Einzelfall bezogen tun. Insofern kann ich darüber auch nichts sagen; denn ich vermag die Verantwortlichkeiten, die sich aus Ramstein heraus ergeben, nicht zu beurteilen.”

Diese “letztlich rechtsnihilistische Haltung der Bundesregierung” wird von Kritikern wie dem früheren Richter am Bundesverwaltungsgericht Dr. Dieter Deiseroth kritisiert. Deiseroth dazu in einer aktuellen Stellungnahme:

(* A K P)

Drohnenkrieg via Ramstein: Klagen jemenitischer Opferangehöriger abgeschmettert

Das Bundesverwaltungsgericht in Leipzig gab der Bundesregierung Recht und zeigte Angehörigen von Opfern im Jemen die kalte Schulter.

Die Leizpiger Richter zogen schon die Auffassung in Zweifel, dass durch die Nutzung von Ramstein als Relaystation für die Drohnenangriffe überhaupt ein "qualifizierter Bezug zum deutschen Staatsgebiet" entsteht. Dafür reiche es nämlich nicht aus, "dass der Datenstrom für die Steuerung der im Jemen eingesetzten Drohnen über Glasfaserkabel von den USA aus zur Air Base Ramstein übermittelt und von dort aus mittels einer Satelliten-Relaisstation an die Drohnen gefunkt wird", heißt es vom BVerwG.

Dass in Ramstein über den "reinen Übermittlungsvorgang" auch Informationen ausgewertet werden, dafür sei die Vorinstanz den Nachweis schuldig geblieben, monierten die Richter.

Ehemalige US-Drohnenpiloten haben demgegenüber immer wieder darauf hingewiesen, dass es den US-Drohnenkrieg in der jetzigen Form ohne Ramstein nicht gäbe.

Erstaunlich liest sich eine weitere Begründung der Leipziger Richter zur Fraglichkeit einer Schutzpflicht für die Bundesregierung. Die entstehe nämlich erst, „wenn aufgrund der Zahl und der Umstände bereits eingetretener Völkerrechtsverstöße konkret zu erwarten ist, dass es auch in Zukunft zu völkerrechtswidrigen Handlungen kommen wird, durch die grundrechtliche Schutzgüter beeinträchtigt oder gefährdet werden.“

Ob das Gericht die Zahlen der "Kollateralschäden" des ausgeweiteten Drohnenkriegs bekannt waren, ist unklar. Die US-britische Organisation Reprieve, die die Kläger gemeinsam mit dem European Center of Constitutional Rights (ECCHR) unterstützt, geht allein im Drohnenkrieg in Afghanistan und Pakistan von fast 5000 Opfern aus, darunter 250 Kindern.

"Drohnenangriffe sind völkerrechtswidrig. Die Entscheidung des Bundesverwaltungsgerichts Leipzig verkennt die Bedeutung der Grundrechte. Ein Staat, der sein Territorium für Militäreinsätze zur Verfügung stellt, muss Völkerrecht und Menschenrechte stärker durchsetzen als es die Bundesregierung macht", sagte Schüller. Die Kläger prüfen nun die Aussichten einer Verfassungsbeschwerde zum Bundesverfassungsgericht in Karlsruhe.

Während der Verhandlung hatten die Vertreter des Justizministeriums zusätzlich zu den bisherigen Dialogen mit US-Diplomaten auch an die US-Seite übermittelte schriftliche Vermerke zu einzelnen Fragen angeführt. Diese Vermerke sind freilich geheim. Weder Kläger noch Richter wissen, was darin steht

Aus Sicht der Richter hat die Bundesregierung ihren Schutzpflichten, soweit diese überhaupt bestehen – da legte sich das Gericht nicht fest – Genüge getan.

"Sie ist nicht untätig geblieben", erklärte das Gericht, sondern habe sich entschieden "in Konsultationen mit den USA einzutreten und hierbei auch rechtliche Fragen zu thematisieren, die der Einsatz unbemannter Luftfahrzeuge aufwirft." Man habe sich schließlich die Zusicherung von den USA machen lassen, "dass Aktivitäten in US-Militärliegenschaften in Deutschland im Einklang mit geltendem Recht erfolgen", schreiben die Richter. Ob die Bundesregierung diese Zusicherung auch für die Aktivitäten der USA im Jemen erhalten konnte, geht aus der Pressemitteilung nicht hervor.

Die Richter räumen allerdings in dem Urteil freimütig die politische Dimension der Klage ein. Weitergehende Schritte wie die "von den Klägern letztlich geforderte Kündigung der völkervertraglichen Grundlagen für die Nutzung der Air Base Ramstein" wäre massiv nachteilig für Bündnis-, Außen- und Verteidigungspolitik der Bundesregierung, entschieden die Richter, und müssten daher nicht in Betracht gezogen werden.

und auch

Meine Bemerkung: Frühere Berichte in Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 696, cp11.


(* B K P)

Weniger Waffen

Die Debatte über die Sicherheit wird in Europa zu sehr auf militärische Aspekte verengt. Der Leitartikel.

Das Urteil des Bundesverwaltungsgerichts zu Drohnenangriffen im Jemen und die Debatte über Reformen der Nato haben wenig miteinander zu tun. Und doch kann man viel über westliche Verteidigungspolitik lernen, wenn man sich mit den beiden Themen beschäftigt.

Die Richter haben aber nichts dazu gesagt, ob die Vereinigten Staaten das ferngelenkte Waffensystem auch im Einklang mit dem Recht einsetzen. Das tun sie nämlich nicht. Viele Völkerrechtler kritisieren zu Recht, dass die US-Administration mit den bewaffneten Drohnen jenseits von militärischen Konflikten gezielt Menschen töten, ohne sie vorher etwa als Terroristen angeklagt zu haben. In einigen Fällen wurden unschuldige Zivilisten getötet.

Es gibt also gute Gründe, diese US-Strategie des eigentlich beendeten Kriegs gegen den Terror zu stoppen. Wer das will, benötigt einen langen Atem. Man muss die Weltmacht USA dazu bringen, eigene Werte der Rechtssprechung einzuhalten.

Man muss dazu nicht unbedingt bewaffnete Drohnen verdammen. Man kann durchaus wie das Verteidigungsministerium der Ansicht sein, dieses Waffensystem sei für die Verteidigung der Soldatinnen und Soldaten notwendig. Schließt man noch gesetzlich aus, dass mit den Drohnen niemand außerhalb eines militärischen Konflikts gezielt getötet wird, wäre schon viel gewonnen.

Man kann und sollte aber zu einem anderen Schluss kommen. Dann nämlich, wenn man die grundsätzliche Frage stellt, ob die Bundeswehr bewaffnete Drohnen überhaupt benötigt.


(A K P)

„Einen Rechtsweg für zivile Opfer von Drohneneinsätzen schaffen“

Anlässlich des gestrigen Urteils des Bundesverwaltungsgericht zu US-Drohneneinsätzen im Jemen von der Airbase Ramstein erklärt Katja Keul, Sprecherin für Abrüstungspolitik von Bündnis 90/Die Grünen im Bundestag:

„Für die Angehörigen der Opfer ist es eine herbe Enttäuschung, dass das Bundesverwaltungsgericht das Berufungsurteil des OVG Münster in entscheidenden Punkten aufgehoben hat.

Eine aktive Menschenrechtspolitik darf sich nicht auf ein Minimum beschränken und sich mit Mindeststandards zufriedengeben, zumal wir nicht sicher sein können, dass die neue amerikanische Regierung mehr Bereitschaft zur Achtung des Rechts aufbringen wird als die vorherige.

Da eine justizielle Überprüfung der Einsätze nach aktuellem Recht nicht möglich ist, zeigt sich dass es hier eine bestehende Lücke im Rechtsschutzsystem gibt, die dringend geschlossen werden muss. Dies gilt umso mehr, als die große Koalition beabsichtigt, die geleasten Drohnen im Besitz Deutschlands ebenfalls kurzfristig zu bewaffnen. Wenn die Rechtslage derzeit keinen Rechtsweg für zivile Opfer von Drohneneinsätzen ermöglicht, ist der Gesetzgeber aufgefordert, einen solchen zu schaffen.

(* A K P)

Setback in landmark drone case

Germany’s highest administrative court has found in favour of the German government and against Faisal bin Ali Jaber, rejecting a lower court’s judgement that Germany has a responsibility to ensure that US drone strikes assisted from Ramstein air base comply with international law.

Faisal and his two co-plaintiffs brought the case, with the assistance of Reprieve and the European Center for Constitutional Rights (ECCHR), after their relatives Salem and Waleed were killed by a US drone strike in 2012. The US has never formally acknowledged taking the strike, and when Faisal challenged this in the US, an appeals court ruled that only Congress can question the President’s “political” decision to kill people in secret by remote control.

Jennifer Gibson, who leads Reprieve’s work on drones and provides legal representation for Bin Ali Jaber, said: “What we are talking about here is a secret assassination program that kills scores of civilians each year. It is simply unsustainable, and despite today’s ruling, very clearly unlawful. On behalf of all the innocent victims of US drone strikes, Faisal and his family will continue to try to bring the programme into the light – and to ensure the US’s partners are held accountable for their role.”

Andreas Schüller, Programme Director International Crimes and Accountability at ECCHR and counsel for Bin Ali Jaber, said: “Drone attacks are against international law. The decision of the Federal Administrative Court Leipzig misjudges the importance of basic rights. A state that makes its territory available for military operations must enforce international law and human rights more strongly than the German government does.”

The plaintiffs are now examining the prospects of a complaint to Germany’s highest court, the Federal Constitutional Court.

and also

cp12 Andere Länder / Other countries

(A K P)

Turkey dispatches drones to battle against UAE in Yemen

Informed sources claim that Turkey has dispatched advanced drones to the battle line in southern Yemen to confront UAE-backed forces.

Yemeni political sources reported that military clashes have been escalated on the battle fronts of the southern Yemeni province of Abyan, east of Aden.

(A K P)

Bahrain Condemns Massacre Perpetrated by Terrorist Houthis in Yemen

(A H)

Woman who came to Mumbai from Yemen for medical treatment stuck in the city after lockdown

(* B K P)

War in Yemen: "The French Parliament must exercise control over arms exports"

In mid-November, fourteen NGOs, including Amnesty International, Oxfam and Human Right Watch, called for an end to the opacity on French arms exports . In their sights, this equipment sold to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates which they have used in the terrible war waged in Yemen for five years. Sadek Alsaar, former diplomat and President of Salam for Yemen, an association that promotes peace in his country, explains to the JDD why it is essential that Parliament be able to have a say in arms sales

SA: The idea is to mobilize as many people as possible to support our approach. We hope that, like what is done in other major democracies around the world, Parliament will exercise a controlling role in the sale of arms.

France has a very important role to play in stopping the war in Yemen.

Q: Do you understand why France continues these exports to Saudi Arabia when Germany, for example, has suspended them since the Kashoggi affair?

SA: First and again because the government is not subject to any control by Parliament. Then, because public opinion, which is relatively uninformed, does not really exert any pressure. Finally, there is the economic argument and the preservation of employment, even if it is not valid since these sales to Saudi Arabia only correspond to 1% of exports.

Q: Are there still French weapons deployed in the war in Yemen?

SA: Of course. In 2019, Saudi Arabia was among the three countries that bought the most weapons from France. The United Arab Emirates is also at the top of the list.

cp12a Katar-Krise / Qatar crisis

(* B P)

Saudi Arabia seeks to resolve Qatar crisis as ‘gift’ to Joe Biden

Riyadh steps up efforts to end 3-year blockade ahead of new US administration

Saudi Arabia has stepped up its efforts to resolve its more than three-year dispute with Qatar after US president Donald Trump’s election defeat, according to people briefed on the talks. The move to end the Gulf states’ blockade of their gas-rich neighbour is being perceived as an attempt by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman to curry favour with the incoming Biden administration and deliver a parting present to Mr Trump.

“This is a gift for Biden,” said an adviser to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. He added that Prince Mohammed “feels like he’s in the line of fire” after Mr Biden’s election victory and wants a deal with Qatar to “signal he is willing and ready to take steps”. Ali Shihabi, a Saudi analyst close to the royal court, said the Saudi leadership had for months been “open to put this issue to bed”. “For some time, they have been working on closing many hot files and clearly this is one,” he said. The Qatar dispute is thought to be one of the more tractable issues for Prince Mohammed to resolve. Saudi Arabia, the UAE, Bahrain and Egypt cut diplomatic and transport links with Qatar in June 2017, alleging that Doha sponsored Islamist groups and was too close to Iran.

The latest talks were being mediated by the US and Kuwait with the aim of laying the foundations for direct negotiations between Riyadh and Doha, said a diplomat briefed on the talks. Qatar wants to ensure there are preconditions before any bilateral talks. These could include a “confidence building” measure such as the lifting of the air embargo, the diplomat said. Another possibility would be to allow free movement of Qatari citizens to the countries that imposed the embargo, although Doha would want guarantees about their welfare.

After imposing the embargo, Riyadh and Abu Dhabi presented Doha with an extraordinary list of 13 demands that included closing Al Jazeera, curbing Doha’s relations with Iran and closing a Turkish military base. But the adviser said Kuwaiti mediators had secured a new deal to replace the 13 terms to “pave way for a kiss and make up”. A thawing of relations between Qatar, the world’s biggest exporter of liquefied natural gas, and its Gulf neighbours could also include the shipment of LNG to Bahrain, according to people with knowledge of the negotiations. However, a person briefed on Doha’s position said that no details of confidence-building measures had been discussed. Gulf officials cautioned against any significant breakthrough in the near term. There are also questions about Abu Dhabi’s stance.

cp13a Mercenaries / Söldner

Siehe / Look at cp1

cp13b Kulturerbe / Cultural heritage


Photos: As the conflict impact rages on everything, some important matters are NOT neglected. Watch lovely scenes of our response to employ 126 youths in the historic #Zabid_City rescuing 24 affected buildings of which 9 have been completed!

cp13c Wirtschaft / Economy

Siehe / Look at cp1

cp14 Terrorismus / Terrorism

(A T)

A senior leader in Al Qaeda was killed by unidentified gunmen eastern Al Khudaira area in Lawder district Southern Yemen. Abu Salem Al Walidi was a prominent leader who fought for Al Qaeda in Abyan, Marib and Al Baydha for many years.

Lawder is where the Popular Committee, an organized anti AQAP resistant formed first. The Lawder PCs stopped AQAP from expanding from Khanfar into Lawder in 2011. They also helped Khanfar & Zunjubar PCs who was led by Abdulatif Alsayid expel the terrorist group from Abyan n 2012

and also

(A T)

New tract from Ansar al-Sharia in #Yemen entitled "#America is Bombing Muslims in Yemen" is significant. Flagrant bravado ("Whether or not #AlQaeda leaders are killed & AlQaeda ends, the battle goes on") actually creates the reverse impression - that AQ is leaderless & struggling

cp15 Propaganda

(A P)

Just days ago, the UN was rushing off its feet not knowing what to do to convince Trump not to designate Houthis terrorists. How can you trust that such organization dislikes what Houthis did today?! / Nayef Saeed.

However the number of people Houthis kill, the UN will still equate the Shia monsters with the poor army in blame. It is a UN agenda. /Facebook Post by Abdullah Ahmed.

(A P)

[Hadi] Gov’t renews its care to political solution

The government of Yemen reaffirmed on Saturday on the need to end the fighting in Yemen which was imposed by the Houthis rebels back in 2014.

Undersecretary of Foreign Affairs, Mansoor Bajash, said during his remarks to the 47th session of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) that the government conceded several times to end the suffering of the Yemeni people.

He indicated that the government engaged positively with the United Nations (UN) sponsored joint declaration draft, yet the Houthis kept laying out new conditions and exercising defiance which impedes the UN-led peace efforts.

(A P)

'We will forever remember those who sacrificed their lives for nation,' says UAE President on Commemoration Day

On the occasion of Commemoration Day (Martyrs' Day), President His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, pledged to always remember with appreciation and gratitude "our children who sacrificed their lives in the fields of truth and duty, the fields of redemption; in defence of the nation, in preservation of its sovereignty, and in protection of its achievements."

In a statement given to 'Nation Shield,' the UAE Armed Forces magazine, Sheikh Khalifa added that these sacrifices are "medals of pride" that will adorn "our chests and those of our children and grandchildren."

The President also said the nation's martyrs are like "beacons that illuminate the way, as we create the next 50 years" and renewed his pledge that their children and families will remain a priority and will receive the highest care support from the state.

Below is the statement in full:

"The 30th of November is a national occasion that upholds the values of sacrifice and redemption, and it is a day of pride and glory.

Throughout time, martyrdom has been and will remain the culmination of daring, the summit of sacrifice, the most prestigious of honours, the highest levels of expression of loyalty and belonging to the nation.

We will always remember as people and leadership, with appreciation and gratitude, our children who sacrificed their lives in the fields of the truth and duty, the fields of redemption; in defence of the nation, in preservation of its sovereignty, and in protection of its achievements. They kept the UAE flag flying high as a symbol of strength, pride and resilience.

The blood of our martyrs will adorn our chests with pride, and those of our children and grandchildren, they are the beacons that illuminate the way, as we create the next 50 years.

Their children and their families will forever in be in our debt, the nation pledges to them all appreciation and love, and the state will endorse them with care and support.

and more of this by other UAE leaders:

(A P)

IntelBrief: Houthis Resilient Against U.S. And Gulf Pressure

As it did for Lebanese Hezbollah, Iranian support has helped build the Houthis into a political power and a strategic force-multiplier for Iran.

The Saudi-led intervention triggered Iran to deploy its well-honed regional ‘playbook’ for advancing Tehran’s regional objectives – a playbook used to significant effect in Lebanon, Iraq, and elsewhere. Iran began providing the Houthis with progressively more sophisticated arms, enabling the faction to advance on the battlefield, as well as help Tehran project power against Saudi Arabia and the key shipping lanes of the Bab el-Mandeb Strait. As it did for Lebanese Hezbollah, Iran is nurturing the Houthis into a significant politico-military force

(A P)

[Hadi] Government warns of international leniency towards Houthi terrorist activities

The Yemeni government on Thursday warned of international leniency towards increasing terrorist activities of the Iran-backed Houthi group in the Red Sea and Bab Al-Mandab Strait.
Information minister, Muammar Al-Eryani, wrote on Twitter: "These activities are carried out with Iranian weapons and support and targeting the interests of the whole world, energy supplies and navigation routes".
Terrorist attacks instructed by the Tehran regime against shipping lines remind us of the situation after the Afghan war when the international community ignored warnings of imminent terrorist threats against the USA, he said.
"We affirm that the only way to stop terrorist threats and to protect regional and international peace and security begins with designating the Houthi militia as a terrorist group and supporting the government to restore state and stability in all Yemeni territories".

(A P)

Iran-backed Houthis are behind Yemen's problems: Saudi FM

The Iran-backed Houthi militia stands behind Yemen's problems, said Saudi Arabia's Minister of Foreign Affairs Prince Faisal bin Farhan on Friday.

Prince Faisal noted that the Houthis have launched hundreds of rocket and drone attacks against Saudi Arabia from Yemeni territory.

The minister also addressed the broader issue of extremism, saying that the Kingdom condemned the violation of religious symbols and called for tolerance. He added that the Islamic world had suffered from terrorism and was continuing to address the issue.

(A P)

More Saudi coalition „We are benefactors“ propaganda

cp16 Saudische Luftangriffe / Saudi air raids

(* A K pH)

Saudi coalition air raids and shelling day by day

(A K)

Arabische Koalition greift Huthi-Basis nahe dem Flughafen Sanaa an

Die von Saudi-Arabien angeführten Koalitionskräfte haben Luftangriffe gegen eine Militärbasis der Huthi-Rebellenbewegung in der Nähe des internationalen Flughafens der jemenitischen Hauptstadt Sanaa gestartet, meldete eine Quelle der Sanaa-Regierung gegenüber RIA Novosti.

"Die Luftwaffe der arabischen Koalition führte zwei Schläge gegen den Luftwaffenstützpunkt al-Daylami in der Nähe des internationalen Flughafens Sanaa nördlich der Hauptstadt“, so die Quelle.

(A K)

Arab coalition airstrikes target Sana'a airport vicinity

The Saudi-led coalition aircraft on Sunday resumed airstrikes targeting the Yemeni Houthi-held capital Sana'a.

The Arab coalition warplanes launched two raids on the Sana'a airport vicinity, the Houthi-run al-Masyra reported without further details.

and also

My comment: How often they already had bombed this place?

(A K pH)

Photos: Airstrikes on #Saada this morning.

(* A K)

G20-Gastgeber: Saudischer Bombenhagel im Jemen

Bewohner der jemenitischen Hauptstadt Sanaa meldeten am Freitagmorgen auch über die sozialen Medien, dass Dutzende Bomben auf die Stadt niedergingen, und äußerten sich besorgt.

Laut Huthi-nahen Konten in den sozialen Medien konnten Teile der Waffen gefunden werden, die die Pferdeställe der militärischen Akademie getroffen hatten, Tiere wurden demnach wo möglich versorgt. Inwieweit die Bilder aktuell waren, konnte nicht verifiziert werden

mein Kommentar: Die Bilder sind „Stands“ aus einem Film und ganz offensichtlich aktuell.

(* A K)

Arab coalition airstrikes leave one death, injury in Sana'a

The Saudi-led coalition warplanes on Friday bombed the Yemeni Houthi-held capital Sana'a and some of its outskirts.
The Arab coalition airstrikes targeted different places used by the Houthi group in Sana'a City, eyewitnesses said.
One of the coalition raids bombed Attan quarter, 3 others on the military academy and one targeted al-Hafa area, al-Masyra TV reported.
The bombing also targeted Sana'a governorate – with 3 raids on Aiban Mont in Bani Matar district, 4 on al-Sama'a in Arhab district, and 3 on Raymat Homaid and 2 raids on Jarba in Sanhan district, the Houthi-run TV added.
One person was killed and another wounded in the airstrikes on Sana'a City-based military academy, where a number of horses were also killed, security sources said in remarks carried by the Sana'a-based Saba.


(* A K)

At least one civilian killed and four wounded in latest Saudi bombing of Sana’a

At least one civilian was killed and four others were wounded, as an initial toll of the latest airstrikes attacks carried out by the Saudi-led coalition warplanes on the Yemeni capital Sana’a this morning, the Health Ministry said in a statement.

and also

(* A K)

Saudi-led coalition carries out air raids on Houthi barracks in Sanaa area -residents

The Saudi-led coalition fighting Houthi forces in Yemen carried out a series of air raids on barracks used by the Iran-aligned group in and around the Yemeni capital Sanaa on Friday, according to local residents.

There was no immediate word on possible casualties.

and also



Film: In this footage a little girl is afraid after seeing & hearing with her father the huge explosion by Saudi jets rocking nearby their home this morning in the capital Sana'a. The little girl asked her father "why Saudi regime is doing that?" Her father has no answer indeed

Film US-Saudi-led coalition air strikes on the Cleaning and Improvement Fund in the capital of #Yemen, Sana'a today

Photos of bomb: The type of weapon that targeted the horse stables in the military academy today in Sana’a the capital of Yemen

and also =

Photos of horses today after being targeted by #US-#Saudi bombs in Sana'a:

Film, dying horse: =

Films: = 0

Remarks to bomb: The battery says EaglePicher Technologies, a US company.

“EaglePicher is the #1 U.S. battery manufacturer of thermal battery systems, We supply power for over 90% of the U.S. military’s munitions and mission critical systems, More than 600 satellites currently in orbit are operating under EaglePicher power”


(A K pH)

US weapons used in recent Saudi bombing of Sana’a


(A K)

Sana'a: A citizen was killed and another wounded in the US-Saudi-led aggression raids on the Attan area

and also


(* A K pH)

Saudi airstrikes on stables kill several Arabian horses

Several Arabian Yemeni horses were murdered and others wounded in a Saudi-led airstrike attacks on a military college in the capital Sana’a on Friday.

According to sources, the aggression warplanes waged several airstrikes on the horse stables at the military collage (photos)

and also


(A K pH)

National Delegation Head: Nothing New in Bombing Sanaa Except Emphasizing Importance of Continuing Response

Head of the National Delegation, Mohammad Abdulsalam, said that there is nothing new in targeting Sana'a and the rest of the Yemeni governorates except to emphasize the importance of continuing response and deterrence until the aggression is stopped and the siege is lifted.

and also

and the Hadi government army claim and a pro-Saudi news site claim::

(A K pS)

Coalition bombs Houthi militia camps, missile launchers in Sana’a & Amran

and also


(A K pS)

Arab coalition bombs Sanaa

In Houthi-held Sanaa, Arab coalition warplanes on Friday targeted a number of military sites suspected of storing ballistic missiles and drones, Yemen’s defense ministry said. Warplanes hit Faj Attan and Ayban mountains west of the capital, Al-Sama military base in Arhab district, outside the capital, and the Houthi militia’s military gatherings in Jarban and Riymat Hamed military bases south of Sanaa

My comment: The photos are showing it: Dangerous cavalry has been eliminated!!

(A K pH)

More Saudi coalition air raids Sanaa, Sanaa p., arib p. Various prov. Marib p. Sanaa p. Amran p. Several prov. Various Hodeidah p. / Marib p., Sanaa p.

cp17 Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

Siehe / Look at cp18

Im Jemen herrscht ein militärisches Patt. Eine größere offensive mit größeren Erfolgen und Geländegewinnen für eine Seite bleiben seit der Offensive der saudischen Koalition gegen Hodeidah im Jahr 2018 aus. Kleinere Offensiven, ständige gegenseitige Angriffe und Gefechte mit Toten auf beiden Seiten und Opfern unter der Zivilbevölkerung gibt es aber ständig. Besonders betroffen sind die Provinzen Hodeidah, Taiz, Al Bayda, Al Dhalea, der Bezirk Nehm in der Provinz Sanaa, die Provinzen Al Jawf, Marib, Hajjah und Saada.

There is a military stalemate in Yemen. A larger offensive with greater successes and territorial gains for one side has been absent since the Saudi coalition's offensive against Hodeidah in 2018. Smaller offensives, constant mutual attacks and skirmishes killing fighters of both sides and causing victims among the civilian population are constant. The provinces of Hodeidah, Taiz, Al Bayda, Al Dhalea, the district of Nehm in the province of Sanaa, the provinces of Al Jawf, Marib, Hajjah and Saada are particularly affected.

(A K pS)

The Saudi mine action program MASAM removes 1385 Houthi-laid landmines from different pars of Yemen during the fourth week of November./Almanarah Net.

(A K pS)

Senior army officer Saleh al-Beel said among the Houthi militants killed in the recent clashes with the army in Aljawf are radicalized Ethiopian migrants, 26 September and other websites reported.

(A K pH)

The Missile Force targeted on Saturday evening the joint operations room at Tadawin camp in Ma'rib governorate with a Badr p-type ballistic missile, the hit was accurate.

15 leaders of Saudi's soldiers were killed and wounded as result of this operation , including 8 killed commanders, and 7 others wounded. Ambulances rushed in a state with great terror and confusion among the enemies.

The Armed Forces confirm that their operations will continue as long as the aggression and siege continue


(A K pH)

[Sanaa gov.] Yemeni forces launch new missile strike on enemy camp in Ma’rib

The Yemeni missile forces launched a ballistic missile on Saturday, targeting a military camp belonging to Saudi-led coalition mercenaries in Ma’rib province, Spokesman of the Armed Forces Brigadier General Yahya Sare’e said on Sunday.

The military spokesman confirmed in tweet that the missile forces bombed the joint operations room at Tadawin camp in Marib province with a Badr-P ballistic missile.

The missile hit its target with high accuracy, killing and wounding 15 of Saudi forces, including eight commanders and seven others wounded, he added.

and by Xinhua:


(A K)

It seems that #Yemeni forces successfully targeted senior #Saudi officers with a missile strike #Marib. Eulogies of dead officers appeared online today. End this war.

referring to

(A K pH)

Saudi media announce the killing of Saudi soldiers, including officers, on the battlefield, without specifying the location, after the Yemeni forces' statement (image)

(A K pS)

Civilian killed by Houthi mine in Al-Jawf

(A K)

Yemeni Dhalea sees renewed fighting between gov't troops, Houthis

and Hadi government claims:

(A K pS)

Dozens of Houthi militiamen killed, wounded north Al-Dhale

(A K pS)

#Houthis apparently wanted to avenge the murder of #MohsenFakhrizad by firing this ballistic missile. But they failed this time as missile fell down in #Yemen's Amran Dhaifan area (photos)

(A K pH)

Saudi shelling kills man, injures another in Sa'ada

and also

(A K pH)

Saudi shelling injures woman in Sa'ada

and also

(A K)


On November 28, a precision-guided rocket that was launched by the Houthis (Ansar Allah) fell in the northern outskirts of the Yemeni capital, Sanaa.


and also

(A K pS)

[Hadi gov.] Army artillery kills 21 Houthi rebels, destroys combat equipment, west of Marib

Houthi militia suffers huge losses northwest Marib

(A K pS)

Houthi-laid mine kills child in Taiz

A child was killed and two others were injured on Friday, by a landmine explosion in Hifan district, the south of Taiz governorate.
Local sources said that the balst of the Houthi-laid mine killed the 10-year-old boy, Baker Wael Khalil al-Absi and injured two children of his relatives while they were playing near their home in Hifan.

(A K)

Central Yemen hosts battles pitting gov't troops against Houthis

(A K)

Clashes renew in Taiz between government, Houthi forces

(A K)

Saudi-led coalition says destroyed two mines laid by Yemen's Houthis in Red Sea - Saudi state TV

(A K pH)

Yemeni Army destroy Houthi militia weapons depot, west Marib

(A K pS)

The [Hadi gov.] army in Osayfirah district of Taiz seized a Houthi cell involved in shelling the city and killing civilians. /Akhbar Alyemen.

and also

(A K pS)

A #landmine laid by the #Iran-allied #Houthi rebels went of in Al Jawf province, leaving a resident named Mubark Saleh Al Ajmee dead and his brother seriously wounded (photos)

(A K pH)

Powerful explosion hits Saudi camp near Ma’rib

A powerful explosion had rocked the Tadawin camp, which is being used by coalition forces as a military base in Ma’rib province, local sources reported on Thursday evening.

According to the reports, the explosion was caused by artillery shelling of the camp.

The attack killed and wounded several Saudi troops, including officers, the sources said.

(* B K pS)

Houthi mines claim new civilian victims in Yemen

In the most heavily mined provinces along Yemen's western coast, hundreds have been killed or maimed by the devices, hidden on civilian farmland and along dirt roads

Landmines and other explosive devices planted by the Houthi rebels have claimed the lives of over a thousand Yemenis since war broke out in 2014 between the Iran-backed Houthis and the internationally recognised government of President Abdrabu Mansur Hadi.

According to Ousama Al Gosiabi, director of the Saudi project for mine clearance Masam, 65 per cent of the mines, explosive remnants and projectiles have been cleared by the Masam team from districts on the Western Coast in Yemen, where the majority of Houthi mines are located.

The exact number of civilians killed or injured by Houthi mine networks is not known. However, Yemeni Human Rights firms monitoring Houthi violations against civilians reported hundreds of victims either killed or injured by Houthi mines.

“During the period from September 2014 to June 2018, our monitoring teams recorded 906 people killed and 1034 injured by Houthi landmines in 19 of the 22 provinces in Yemen,” said Mutahar Al Bathigi the executive manager of Rasd Coalition, a Yemeni Independent Human Rights foundation monitoring conditions in the country.

In 2019, of the 283 individuals killed by Houthi landmines, 94 were children, Mr Al Bathigi said.

My remark: The size of territory they claim to have freed of mines is about the size of Russia.

(A K)

Houthis say their forces defused 31 explosive devices central Yemen

and also

(A K pH)

Man injured in aggressive artillery attack in Sa'ada province

cp18 Kampf um Hodeidah / Hodeidah battle

Seit dem Abkommen von Stockholm vom 13. Dezember 2018 gibt es einen Waffenstillstand für Hodeidah. Zwar bleiben größere Offensiven aus, kleinere Gefechte gibt es aber laufend, und beide Seiten werfen sich ständig Verstöße gegen den Waffenstillstand vor.

Since the Stockholm Agreement of December 13, 2018, a ceasefire has been in place for Hodeidah. There are no major offensives, but smaller battles are going on and both sides constantly are accusing each other of violating the ceasefire.

(A K P)

The head of the United Nations Mission in Yemen's #Hodeidah province Abhijit Guha on Sunday called for restraint after a recent upsurge in serious ceasefire violations, saying in a statement that aerial strikes, use of IEDs and ground attacks were recorded over the past week.

(* A K pS)

Houthis massacre 17 civilians in Hoedidah

The artillery bombardment on Al-Qazah village south of Hodeidah, killed 11 civilians including five children and three women, and critically injured six others.

my remark: This seems to have been the latest report. The number of victims seems to have been on the rise:

(* A K)

Houthi shelling kills 7 civilians in western Yemen

10 others also injured in Al Hudaydah village, says Yemeni military

At least seven civilians were killed when shelling by Houthi rebels hit a village in western Yemen, the Yemeni army said on Sunday.

Ten others were also injured in the attack on a village in the coastal city of Al Hudaydah, the al-Amalika Brigade said in a statement, adding that some of the wounded are in a critical condition.


(* A K pS)

Dozens killed, [injured] in Houthi attack on village community in Yemen

Seven civilians were killed and 10 injured on Sunday after Houthi rebels bombarded a village in Al Duraihimi district in Yemen’s Hodeidah province.

Several of the wounded suffered serious injuries.

“At 11.30am on Sunday, the Houthi rebels deliberately targeted the populated village of Al Qazah in southwestern Al Duraihimi using far-range artillery, killing seven civilians – five women and two children,” a medical source in the area told The National.

“Some of the injured were transferred to the field hospital in Al Khokhah city, and those who suffered fatal injuries were taken to a hospital affiliated with Medecins Sans Frontieres in Al Makha city, southern Hodeidah,” the source said.

Pro-government joint forces fighting the Houthi rebels on Yemen’s westcoast condemned the massacre and blamed the UN commission, which is monitoring the ceasefire in Hodeidah, for its silence regarding Houthi atrocities against residents in Hodeidah.




(* A K pS)

Eight killed in militia mortar strike on Yemeni village

Eight civilians, including four children and four women, were killed in a Houthi mortar attack in Yemen’s western province of Hodeidah, residents and local officials said.

The mortar fired by Houthi rebels struck a house in Al-Qazeh village, in Hodeidah’s Durihimi district, on Sunday, killing eight civilians and critically wounding seven others.

Four children and three women from the same extended family were among the injured, Fuad Maki, Durihimi’s director, told Arab News.

and also


(A K pS)

Yemen [Hadi gov.] condemns Houthi militia’s targeting of civilians in Hodeidah

(A K pS)

Dozens of Houthi-planted mines dismantled in Hodeidah

(A K pH)

Woman Wounded by Saudi-mercenaries Gunfire in Hodeidah

(A K pH)

In Blatant Breach of Hodeidah Agreement, US-Saudi Warplanes Launch Two Raids on Ad-Durayhimi

The US-Saudi aggression launched on Friday two raids on Hodeidah governorate, in a dangerous escalation and a blatant violation of the ceasefire in the governorate.

Almasirah Net correspondent stated that the aggression’s warplanes launched two raids on Al-Jarba village in Ad-Durayhimi district of Hodeidah.

(A K pS)

Houthi sniper shoots little kid in Hodiedah

A little child was seriously injured by a sniper of the Iran-backed Houthi militia south of Hodeidah province.

A medical source said that, Iman Abdullah Mohammed, was shot in the neck by a Houthi sniper on Thursday while she was tending sheep in the family farm in the village of Mildan in Al-Durhimi district, south of Hodeidah.

The child was taken to hospitals Aden for treatment, as he sustained life-threatening injuries, after receiving a first aid at Al-Durhimi Hospital

Film: =

(A K pH)

Daily violations

Nov. 26:

cp19 Sonstiges / Other


Photos: You almost have seen nothing of Yemen's rich history, its architectural wonders and masterpieces. This is a historic village of al-Darb, Habur Dhulaima district, Amran governorate, north #Yemen.


Photos: Attendance at the first equestrian championship in #Marib yesterday was huge, causing a traffic jam at the city's southern entrance where I, like hundreds, was stuck in for hours.

(A H)

Rekord-Zyklon Gati fordert in Somalia 8 Tote

Während sich die Hurrikansaison im Atlantik dem Ende zuneigt, erlebt sie im Indischen Ozean ihren zweiten Höhepunkt. Somalia und Jemen wurden in den letzten Tagen vom Hurrikan Gati heimgesucht, der tödliche Überschwemmungen verursachte.

Nach Somalia zog der Zyklon weiter in Richtung Jemen, den er am Montag erreichte. Obwohl der Sturm deutlich schwächer war, da Gati wieder zu einem einfachen tropischen Tiefdruckgebiet geworden war, waren die Regenfälle immer noch sehr heftig und führten zu Überschwemmungen, insbesondere auf der Insel Sokotra und der Stadt Habido. Insgesamt wurden mindestens acht Menschen getötet, darunter sieben jemenitische Fischer, die nach dem Kentern ihres Bootes in der Nähe eines somalischen Hafens ertranken. Das restliche Tief Gati löste sich dann am Dienstag im Golf von Aden auf.

(A H)

Yemen: 3 children drown during school trip

Were swept away by choppy waves off Al Ghadir coast west of Aden

(B P)

Ein Ort der Hoffnung zwischen Bürgerkrieg und Seuchen

In der Provinz Schabwa spielt sich ein kleines Wunder ab. Erst wurde ein Krankenhaus gebaut, inzwischen ist sogar ein Urlaubsresort in Planung. Nun hofft der Gouverneur, dass sein Beispiel Schule macht.

Mein Kommentar: Hinter der Bezahlschranke. Nach Titel und Schlagzeile scheint der „embedded journalism“ hier ja funktioniert zu haben. der Spiegel war einer Einladung an internationale Journalisten zum Besuch in Shabwa gefolgt. Der Artikel beginnt sehr länglich mit Bienenzüchtern – vielleicht nicht gerade das wichtigste Thema im Jemen.

Text in Film:

(A P)

Portrait highlights plight of Yemen children

An immense portrait of a child in Yorkshire England aims to highlight the plight of children in war-torn Yemen.

Vorige / Previous:

Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 1-696 / Yemen War Mosaic 1-696: oder / or

Der saudische Luftkrieg im Bild / Saudi aerial war images:

(18 +, Nichts für Sensible!) / (18 +; Graphic!)

Liste aller Luftangriffe / and list of all air raids:

Untersuchung ausgewählter Luftangriffe durch Bellingcat / Bellingcat investigations of selected air raids:

Untersuchungen von Angriffen, hunderte von Filmen / Investigations of attacks, hundreds of films:

07:33 30.11.2020
Dieser Beitrag gibt die Meinung des Autors wieder, nicht notwendigerweise die der Redaktion des Freitag.
Geschrieben von

Dietrich Klose

Vielfältig interessiert am aktuellen Geschehen, zur Zeit besonders: Ukraine, Russland, Jemen, Rolle der USA, Neoliberalismus, Ausbeutung der 3. Welt
Schreiber 0 Leser 22
Dietrich Klose