Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 731b- Yemen War Mosaic 731b

Yemen Press Reader 731b: 30. März 2021: Fortsetzung von Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 731, cp7 - cp19 / March 30, 2021: Sequel to Yemen War Mosaic 731, cp7 - cp19
Bei diesem Beitrag handelt es sich um ein Blog aus der Freitag-Community

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

Dies ist die Fortsetzung von Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 731, Teil 1 / This is the sequel of Yemen War Mosaic 731, part 1:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-731-yemen-war-mosaic-731

Schwerpunkte / Key aspects

Kursiv: Siehe Teil 1 / In Italics: Look in part 1

Klassifizierung / Classification

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Coronavirus und Seuchen / Most important: Coronavirus and epidemics

cp1b Am wichtigsten: Saudis bieten Waffenstillstand an / Most important: Saudis offer ceasefire

cp2 Allgemein / General

cp2a Allgemein: Saudische Blockade / General: Saudi blockade

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

cp6 Separatisten und Hadi-Regierung im Südjemen / Separatists and Hadi government in Southern Yemen

cp7 UNO und Friedensgespräche / UN and peace talks

cp8 Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

cp8a Jamal Khashoggi

cp9 USA

cp9a USA-Iran Krise: Spannungen am Golf / US-Iran crisis: Tensions at the Gulf

cp10 Großbritannien / Great Britain

cp11 Deutschland / Germany

cp12 Andere Länder / Other countries

cp12b Sudan

cp13a Waffenhandel / Arms trade

cp13b Wirtschaft / Economy

cp15 Propaganda

cp16 Saudische Luftangriffe / Saudi air raids

cp17 Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

cp17a Kriegsereignisse: Schlacht um Marib / Theater of War: Marib battle

cp18 Kampf um Hodeidah / Hodeidah battle

cp19 Sonstiges / Other

Klassifizierung / Classification

***

**

*

(Kein Stern / No star)

? = Keine Einschatzung / No rating

A = Aktuell / Current news

B = Hintergrund / Background

C = Chronik / Chronicle

D = Details

E = Wirtschaft / Economy

H = Humanitäre Fragen / Humanitarian questions

K = Krieg / War

P = Politik / Politics

pH = Pro-Houthi

pS = Pro-Saudi

T = Terrorismus / Terrorism

cp7 UNO und Friedensgespräche / UN and peace talks

Siehe / Look at cp1b

(A P)

Oman issues statement on Yemen crisis

In compliance with the orders of His Majesty Sultan Haitham Bin Tarik, the Sultanate continues to work closely with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the United Nations and United States envoys, and the Yemeni parties to reach a comprehensive political settlement to the current crisis in the Republic of Yemen, Oman News Agency reported on Tuesday.

“The Sultanate hopes that these contacts will achieve the desired result in the near future, in order to restore security and stability to brotherly Yemen and preserve the security and interests of the countries of the region,” the statement from Oman News Agency said.

https://timesofoman.com/article/oman-issues-statement-on-yemen-crisis

and also https://www.reuters.com/article/instant-article/idUSL1N2LS0RE

(* A P)

Diplomat: Houthis engage in serious discussions on Saudi initiative

The Houthi negotiators have shown positive signs as to the Saudi initiative to end Yemen's war, diplomatic sources told Asharq al-Awsat anonymously on Sunday.
The Houthis displayed seriousness and positivity towards the initiative at meeting with the UN-Yemen envoy Martin Griffiths, the sources added.
What they publically declare differ from their private discussions, according to the Saudi paper.
"We think the UN envoy's visit to Muscat was positive. The Houthi reportedly rejection of the initiative is only before the public opinion, but they seriously talk at private discussions with the UN envoy," the sources said.
"We are optimistic, but undoubtedly there are still obstructions that we hope to cope with."

https://debriefer.net/en/news-24129.html

(A P)

Yemen: US Initiatives Far from Reality, Prospects of Peace

A high-ranking member of Yemen’s Supreme Political Council dismissed the so-called peace initiatives presented by the United States to end the war in the country, saying such plans are not favorable since they fail to include the Yemeni nation’s demands.

“What US Special Envoy for Yemen Tim Lenderking has presented, through the mediation of the Sultanate of Oman, is far away from reaching a desired and realistic level,” Mohammed Ali Al-Houthi stated in an interview with RT Arabic television news network on Monday.

He added that Washington is still far from prospects of peace, and the latest US ceasefire plan is still a mere proposal and its text has not been produced yet.

https://www.farsnews.ir/en/news/14000110000348/Yemen-US-Iniiaives-Far-frm-Realiy-Prspecs-f-Peace

and also https://english.almasirah.net/post/18609/Al-Houthi-US-Initiatives-Far-from-Reality%2C-Prospects-of-Peace

(A P)

Mohammed Abdulsalam: Yemen will not accept any half solutions in regards to humanitarian issues

The head of the [Sanaa gov.] Yemeni national negotiating delegation, Mohammed Abdulsalam, has affirmed that “there is no place for half-solutions regarding the humanitarian situation.”

Abdulsalam said on Monday that their firm stance could “not be subject to any bargaining with regard to the humanitarian aspect at all.”

He indicated that “the unwillingness to separate the humanitarian file from other files proved the lack of seriousness in reaching a comprehensive and just peaceful solution.”

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/03/29/mohammed-abdulsalam-yemen-will-not-accept-any-half-solutions-in-regards-to-humanitarian-issues/

and also https://www.saba.ye/en/news3134634.htm

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/03/29/mohammed-abdulsalam-yemen-will-not-accept-any-half-solutions-in-regards-to-humanitarian-issues/

https://www.farsnews.ir/en/news/14000110000425/Yemen-Hmaniarian-Isse-Wn%E2%80%99-Be-Traded

(A P)

Saudi ambassador to Yemen kicked out of peace negotiations in Oman

Activists on social media and media outlets belonging to the Saudi-led coalition have circulated news about the expulsion of the Saudi ambassador to Yemen, Ahmed Al Jaber, from ongoing talks in the Omani capital of Muscat.

“The Sana’a negotiating delegation refused the presence of the Saudi ambassador as a representative of Hadi’s government at the discussion table with the UN and US envoys during the ongoing talks in Muscat,” said Marwan Al-Ahmadi, a journalist affiliated with the Islah Party, in a tweet on Saturday.

Al-Ahmadi confirmed that the Saudi ambassador left the meeting hall after the Sana’a delegation refused to accept his presence.

He indicated that the Sana’a-based national Yemeni delegation imposed its conditions on the international community from a source of strength.

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/03/29/saudi-ambassador-to-yemen-kicked-out-of-peace-negotiations-in-oman/

(A P)

Blinken to UN’s Yemen envoy: No military solution to the conflict

The Saudi-led coalition intervened in Yemen in 2015 after the Iran-allied Houthi group overthrew the country’s government.

The US secretary of state has told the UN special envoy for Yemen that Washington plans to “reinvigorate diplomatic efforts” to end the war in Yemen, reiterating the Biden administration’s stance that there is no military solution to the conflict.

“He [Antony Blinken] highlighted that the US supports a unified, stable Yemen free from foreign influence and that there is no military solution to the conflict,” State Department Spokesman Ned Price said in a statement on Sunday.

Houthi official Mohammed Ali al-Houthi said on Monday that Blinken’s comments about supporting a Yemen free from foreign influence are “positive”.

He said the US should back up its intentions by ending its involvement in military operations carried out by the Saudi-led coalition against his group.

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/3/15/us-secretary-of-state-blinken-spoke-to-un-special-envoy-for-yemen

My comment: The claim that the US would support a “Yemen free from foreign influence” is a bad joke. This of course should not exclude US influence, as the US claims influence worldwide.

(* A P)

UN pushes for Yemen cease-fire as virus cases rise

Envoys of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council to Yemen have renewed their calls for an immediate cease-fire in the country after an alarming surge in the number of coronavirus cases.

Following a virtual meeting with Yemen’s Foreign Minister, Mohammed Al-Hadrami, and a spokesperson for the Iran-backed Houthis, Mohammed Abdul Salam, the ambassadors urged both parties to “engage positively” with UN proposals to end hostilities and allow the country’s fragile health system to fight the virus outbreak.

“We told both parties that the best defense against COVID-19 is a permanent cease-fire and a resumption of political dialogue,” Michael Aron, the British ambassador to Yemen, said in an online post on Tuesday.

“We urged both parties to engage constructively with the UN texts with a view to adopting the joint declaration and attending the proposed crisis meeting.”

Local media outlets also reported that the ambassadors voiced strong support for UN Yemen envoy Martin Griffiths’ diplomatic efforts with the separatist Southern Transitional Council, which seized control of Aden.

In a recent interview with Arab News, Griffiths said that his latest peace proposal is based initially on a nationwide truce, measures to alleviate economic and humanitarian strife, and a commitment to the resumption of peace talks.

Discussions were expected to lead to a comprehensive peace settlement that would address the country’s thorny issues and prevent it from plunging into war again, he said.

https://www.arabnews.com/node/1670791/middle-east

(A P)

Top Official: UN Failed in Yemen, Its Role Declines Year to Year

The head of the [Sanaa gov.] International Cooperation Department at the Supreme Council for Humanitarian Affairs, Mane’e Al-Asal, confirmed that the performance of the United Nations and its organizations in Yemen is declining from year to year.

"Since the beginning of the US-Saudi aggression, the United Nations has not defined the aggressor, but rather has bleached the assailant’s yard through donor conferences,” Al-Asal told Al-Masirah on Sunday.

He pointed out that the responsibility of the United Nations is to put an end to the continuation of the siege on the Yemeni People and the tragedy behind it, pointing out that the UN talks about famine in Yemen but does not talk about who caused it nor why it continues.

Al-Asal stressed that the donors do not put an end to the suffering as long as the siege on Hudaidah and Sana’a continues.

https://www.farsnews.ir/en/news/14000109000225/Tp-Official-UN-Failed-in-Yemen-Is-Rle-Declines-Year-Year

and also https://english.almasirah.net/post/18582/UN-Failed-in-Yemen%2C-its-Role-Declines-Year-to-Year

(A P)

UN exhausts humanitarian situation in Yemen: Houthis

The United Nations exhausts the humanitarian situation in Yemen by bargaining the humanitarian aspect with the political and military one, head of the Houthi humanitarian coordination council said Sunday.
UN agencies did not deal as expected with efforts to abate the Yemeni people's suffering, and focused on activities that do not serve requirements, Abdul Muhsin Taous added at press conference.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-24114.html

(A P)

Yemen’s president meets UN and US envoys to discuss Saudi peace initiative

https://www.arabnews.com/node/1833296/middle-east

(A P)

US, UN Envoys Try Getting Houthis to Engage with Saudi Peace Plan for Yemen

UN Special Envoy to Yemen Martin Griffiths has wrapped up his most recent tour in the Omani capital, Muscat, where he met with the head of the Houthi foreign affairs, Abdulsalam Fleitah.

During his visit, Griffiths also met with Omani mediators. This coincided with the US State Department announcing that Special Envoy Tim Lenderking was coming back to the region to press for a ceasefire in Yemen.

https://english.aawsat.com/home/article/2886341/us-un-envoys-try-getting-houthis-engage-saudi-peace-plan-yemen

(A P)

Saudi Arabia’s ambassador to Yemen meets with US and UN envoys to Yemen

https://english.alarabiya.net/News/gulf/2021/03/28/Saudi-Arabia-s-ambassador-to-Yemen-meets-with-US-and-UN-envoys-to-Yemen

(A P)

Houthi ex-official calls for Benomar return as UN envoy

Benomar is fully aware of the Yemeni problem's roots and the real cause behind war, in addition to his political experience that enables him to help stop the 6-year-old war, Habra thinks.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-24087.html

(A P)

Saudi Initiative Tops US, UN Yemen Envoys’ New Gulf Tour

The United States’ envoy to Yemen, Tim Lenderking, and United Nations envoy, Martin Griffiths, are expected to meet in Riyadh on Saturday for talks on the Yemeni crisis.

They are set to meet with Saudi and Yemeni government officials to discuss the Kingdom’s new initiative aimed at resolving the conflict.

Informed sources confirmed to Asharq Al-Awsat that the envoys will be in Riyadh on Saturday, reflecting efforts to reach a political settlement.

https://english.aawsat.com/home/article/2884361/saudi-initiative-tops-us-un-yemen-envoys%E2%80%99-new-gulf-tour

cp8 Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

Siehe / Look at cp1

(* B P)

From Sheikhs to Sultanism: statecraft and authority in Saudi Arabia and the UAE

This book delivers far more than just another contribution to the growing library devoted to the rise to power of Muhammad bin Salman (MBS) in Saudi Arabia and Muhammad bin Zayid (MBZ)in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). While its account of their political ascendancy is meticulous and extensively documented, telling that story is not the author’s primary concern. Instead, he draws upon their rise to and subsequent exercise of power to exemplify the transition away from “culturally rooted ‘sheikhly rule,’ in which ‘the government and finances of the state were effectively intertwined with the ruling or royal family, but with the tamimah (or “paramount”) sheikh almost always conferring with a wide range of advisors, relatives, merchants, and tribal allies.’ (p 6). This paradigm along with its upgrading by the addition to sheikhly rule of rentier patrimonialism has become redundant, according to Davidson, as both rulers abandoned consensus politics in their ‘rapid intensification of autocratic- authoritarianism . . . .’ (p. 13). Saudi Arabia and the UAE have, according to him, been transformed into ‘post-traditional, highly personalistic autocracies.’ (p. 19). Moreover, these ultra- autocratic regimes exemplify a broader ‘twenty-first-century strain of ‘sultanism,’ a concept introduced into political science by Max Weber used to ‘describe an extreme form of autocracy distinct from regular patrimonialism or neo-patrimonialism’ because ‘sultanistic rulers are effectively ‘personal chiefs’ who ‘treat the principal arms of the state as their ‘personal instruments’ and who are ‘beyond any traditional constraints.’ (p. 20–21)

This book, in sum, transcends the tale of two sultans manoeuvring their way into power and then ruthlessly exercising it. It rescues the concept of sultanism from the dustbins of Middle Eastern political analysis and amply demonstrates its unique features and its commonalities with other authoritarian developmental states. As with Davidson’s other works, this one is written in clear, even entertaining prose, uncluttered by jargon. It is far and away the best work on these two leaders, the regimes they have created, and the sultanistic version of authoritarian developmental states.

http://christopherdavidson.net/BaseHub/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/FSTS-BJMES-Review.pdf

and

(* B P)

From Sheikhs to Sultanism: Statecraft and Authority in Saudi Arabia and the UAE

Christopher M. Davidson tests the hypothesis that Saudi Arabia and the UAE are now effectively contemporary or even ‘advanced’ sultanates, and situates these influential states within an international model of autocratic authoritarianism. Drawing on a range of primary sources, including new interviews and surveys, From Sheikhs to Sultanism puts forward an original, empirically grounded interpretation of the rise of both MBS and MBZ.

http://christopherdavidson.net/BaseHub/from-sheikhs-to-sultanism/

Contents: http://christopherdavidson.net/BaseHub/from-sheikhs-to-sultanism/

Excerpt: http://christopherdavidson.net/BaseHub/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/FSTS-TOC.pdf

(A P)

Human rights group says that daughter of a journalist who died last year shortly after being released from jail has herself been detained for questioning - concern was raised ovet Watan Saleh al-Shehi after she went missing several days ago

https://twitter.com/sebusher/status/1376841273970196481

(* B P)

Rights group warns of 'slow death' of Palestinians in Saudi jails

A Geneva-based rights group has warned about the deadly prison conditions faced by scores of Palestinians and Jordanians, who are being kept in Saudi Arabia for assisting Palestinian resistance groups.

The Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Monitor released the report titled “Slow Death and Absent Justice” on Monday based on testimonies offered by former prisoners’ family members.

The prisoners were rounded up en masse in an “arbitrary” Saudi arrest campaign last year, the group wrote, identifying the inmates as “students, academics, businessmen and workers in relief institutions.”

They were then forced into various jails across the kingdom, where they have been suffering from “physical torture, isolation, and deliberate medical neglect,” it added.

The body cited a former detainee as revealing his suffering from “exceedingly difficult” prison conditions for an entire year, including three months in solitary confinement.

“The prison administration used to intently disable the ventilation in the prison rooms, which are accumulated with prisoners beyond their capacity. We were only allowed to be exposed to sunlight once a month for just 10 minutes.

Upon arrest, the detainees were pushed through summary trials. The hearings saw the kingdom leveling a set of charges against them based on its notorious “Anti-Terrorism Law.”

https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2021/03/29/648297/Saudi-Arabia-Palestinians-Jordanians-prisons-rights-group-warning = https://english.almasirah.net/post/18590/Rights-group-warns-of-slow-death-of-Palestinians-in-Saudi-jails

and original site and full report:

https://euromedmonitor.org/en/article/4273/Slow-Death-and-Absent-Justice..Jordanian-and-Palestinian-Prisoners-in-Saudi-Arabia

https://euromedmonitor.org/uploads/reports/palandjorinsaudiprisons.pdf

(B E P)

Factbox: Saudi Arabia seeks to draw in foreign companies

Saudi Arabia has been pushing foreign firms to invest in the kingdom and set up regional headquarters in Riyadh.

The government has told foreign companies that, from 2024, they can only secure state contracts if they have local offices. It has also launched economic and social reforms under its Vision 2030 plan to attract investment.

State news agency SPA said in February that 24 international firm had signed agreements to set up regional offices in Riyadh.

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-emirates-saudi-business-investment-fa/factbox-saudi-arabia-seeks-to-draw-in-foreign-companies-idUSKBN2BL0GL

and

(B E P)

Analysis: With stick and carrot, Saudi starts winning over firms in regional race

A Saudi ultimatum in mid-February has prompted some firms to rethink their strategy: from 2024, companies seeking state contracts in the Middle East’s biggest economy must have offices in the kingdom.

But, alongside this blunt approach, the government has launched sweeping economic and social reforms to attract investors, aiming to make the kingdom an easier place to live and work in and cutting the red tape that long deterred them.

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-emirates-saudi-business-analysis/analysis-with-stick-and-carrot-saudi-starts-winning-over-firms-in-regional-race-idUSKBN2BL0GJ

(* B P)

Saudi Arabia has spent at least $1.5bn on 'sportswashing', report reveals

Exclusive: analysis finds nation has spent big on high-profile global sporting events in a bid to bolster its reputation

Saudi Arabia has spent at least $1.5bn on high-profile international sporting events in a bid to bolster its reputation, a new report reveals.

The oil-rich nation has invested millions across the sporting world, the report by the human rights organisation Grant Liberty says, from chess championships to golf, tennis and $60m alone on the Saudi Cup, the world’s richest horse-racing event with prize money of $20m.

The report, published next week, also details the Kingdom’s $650m ten-year deal with Formula One, whose world championships begin this Sunday and for the first time will include a race in the port city of Jeddah.

Grant Liberty’s analysis outlines the momentous scale of Saudi Arabia’s investments in what they term “sportswashing,” the practice of investing or hosting sporting events in a bid to obscure the Kingdom’s poor human rights record, and tout itself as a new leading global venue for tourism and events.

Meanwhile, the Kingdom has spent big to secure involvement in global sporting events, part of efforts to present Saudi Arabia as a newly business-friendly, forward-thinking nation. This includes $145m in a three-year deal with the Spanish Football Association, and $15m in appearance fees for a single Saudi International men’s golf tournament. It also includes $33m to host the Saudi Arabian Masters snooker tournament in the Kingdom, and $100m for the boxing match known as “Clash on the Dunes” between Andy Ruiz Jr and Anthony Joshua in 2019.

Saudi Arabia also cut a $500m 10-year deal with World Wrestling Entertainment in 2014, one where female performers were banned from appearing until two years ago.

“Saudi Arabia is trying to use the good reputation of the world’s best loved sports stars to obscure a human rights record of brutality, torture and murder,” said Grant Liberty’s Lucy Rae, who accused Saudi Arabia of “committing human rights abuses on an industrial scale”.

“The world’s leading sports stars might not have asked to be part of a cynical marketing plan to distract the world from the brutality – but that’s what is happening,” she added.

Grant Liberty compiled reported figures of deals between entities controlled by the Saudi state, such as the organisation Visit Saudi and NEOM, the body overseeing construction of a futuristic $500bn city in the desert, but not individual members of the Saudi royal family, meaning the $1.5bn figure is likely an underestimation of the true scale of the Kingdom’s investments in sports.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/mar/28/saudi-arabia-has-spent-at-least-15bn-on-sportswashing-report-reveals

(* B P)

Human Rights Report Reveals Torture Horrific Methods in Saudi Prisons

Human rights report revealed the behavior of the Saud authorities to established new techniciques to torture detainees in their prisons since the prince Mohammed bin Salman became saudi crown prince in 2017.

The report, issued by ALQST Organization for Human Rights in cooperation with the Gulf Center for Human Rights, emphasized that the absence of basic legal guarantees to prevent torture creates an environment that makes it a practice, The absence of legal guarantees facilitates legislation such as the fight against terrorism.

The absence of guarantees may also encourage them and create an environment in which impunity prevails. It called
"Torture in the Kingdom Saudi Arabia and culture impunity" described the practice of torture as "systematic" to extract confessions during interrogation.

It pointed out that the Saudi authorities treat torture as form punishment during detention, although prisoners have informed the courts what they are subjected to the authorities have not conducted any investigation.

The following report shows the reasons for practicing torture, and talks about the parties responsible for it.

The report analyzed the Saudi authorities' non-compliance with the United Nations Convention against Torture and Other Cruel Treatment or Punishment, to which they acceded in 1997.

This is done by taking a look at the legal systems and examining some typical cases, including the stories of defenders, women human rights defenders, citizens and foreign nationals who are not activists.

The report provides information on new developments that took place during the three years that have passed since Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman began restructuring the security services and put them in his hands.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/18556/Human-Rights-Report-Reveals-Torture-Horrific-Methods-in-Saudi-Prisons

(* B P)

Saudi Arabia: $3.5bn fraud case set to define crown prince’s anti-graft campaign

Is the legal action against Saad al-Jabri, a former top security official, evidence of the kingdom stamping out corruption or silencing its critics?

Once one of the most powerful security officials in Saudi Arabia, Saad al-Jabri was feted by western powers. He was integral to multibillion-dollar counter-terrorism efforts and advised senior members of the Saudi royal family before falling foul of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s rise to power and going into exile in 2017. He would later accuse the prince of sending a hit squad to Canada to kill him, an allegation with echoes of the 2018 murder of the journalist Jamal Khashoggi in Istanbul. But in the latest twist of a bitter dispute that goes to the heart of Saudi power, al-Jabri is the one who now stands accused. In January, 10 companies owned by the Public Investment Fund, the sovereign wealth fund that Prince Mohammed chairs, filed a civil lawsuit in Canada accusing the former interior ministry official of masterminding a $3.5bn fraud using front companies that were established more than a decade ago as cover for Saudi Arabia’s covert counter-terrorism operations. The Ontario court issued a worldwide freeze on al-Jabri’s assets. In March, it rejected an attempt to have the order lifted. Supporters of the crown prince insist the case is part of a broader anti-corruption campaign designed to break down systems of patronage. Others view it as a blatant effort to silence someone who knows many of the kingdom’s deepest secrets.

It is a struggle that goes to the heart of Prince Mohammed’s brash and autocratic rule. To his loyalists, the anti-corruption drive, backed by his father, King Salman, is necessary to cleanse a rotten system and fulfil the crown prince’s pledge to modernise an economy addicted to state petrodollars and riddled with patronage networks. To others, the dispute with al-Jabri epitomises the young royal’s ruthless pursuit of rivals and perceived opponents as hundreds of Saudis, including princes, businessmen and civil servants, have been detained.

https://www.ft.com/content/df95eab7-5dce-48fc-943d-889efe74fd6b

(A P)

Saudi Arabia sees fields of green with major tree-planting drive

Saudi Arabia aims to plant 10 billion trees in the coming decades as part of an ambitious campaign unveiled by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman on Saturday to reduce carbon emissions and combat pollution and land degradation.

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-saudi-environment/saudi-arabia-sees-fields-of-green-with-major-tree-planting-drive-idUSKBN2BJ0O3

Comment: In my lifetime the #Saudi monarchy destroyed most of the expansive palm gardens & the amazing eco system around it in our region & now it says it will plant 50 billion tree. Yet another #MBS lie

https://twitter.com/AliAlAhmed_en/status/1376143596781453314

https://twitter.com/AliAlAhmed_en/status/1376158842787147779

Comment: Not sure planting trees in #SaudiArabia is the best way to offset #carbon emissions. Water required for irrigation is obtained by either depleting an aquifer or by desalination – burning oil and gas

https://twitter.com/jimkrane/status/1376558919913455616

cp8a Jamal Khashoggi

(A P)

UN rights investigator Agnes Callamard named Amnesty chief

Agnes Callamard, who led a United Nations’ investigation into the killing of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, has been appointed the new leader of Amnesty International.

https://apnews.com/article/london-united-nations-jamal-khashoggi-55947f2528a806405f06f2303a304ec3

cp9 USA

Siehe / Look at cp1, cp1b, cp7, cp9a

(A P)

Film: We were pleased with the visit of the American Consul in Dhahran, Mrs. "Nicole Manz Bazawi", for the event # Oasis_Riyadh.

https://twitter.com/Turki_alalshikh/status/1376609738629246979

Comment: Do our diplomats normally appear in promo videos for non-US government projects?

https://twitter.com/AndrewMLeber/status/1376667392747700231

(A P)

Film: Chicago, Vigil for Yemen

https://www.facebook.com/andy.thayer1/videos/10223714838156160/

(A P)

Win Without War: Submit a LTE: Biden Must Choose New Path in Yemen

Right now, there’s a troubling open question in Washington: will the Biden White House only tinker with Trump’s disastrous approach to Yemen or prioritize human rights? We *need* President Biden to unequivocally end decades of destructive U.S. policy in Yemen. That requires not only an end of arms sales to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), but also an end to all U.S. military involvement in Yemen writ large in favor of deep investments in lasting diplomacy, accountability, and people-centered solutions.

Right now the Biden administration is split on how far it will go in changing U.S. policy in Yemen, so we have an opportunity to shape the story of what a new U.S. role in Yemen will look like. Writing a letter to the editor (LTE) is one of the quickest, most effective ways to fight for and spread a message of peace. Policymakers at every level, from the Mayor’s office to the U.S. Congress, to the White House, closely track newspapers to see what their constituents are saying about them. Let’s end U.S. support for the brutal Saudi- and Emirati-led coalition intervention in Yemen, and be a positive force for peace!

https://act.winwithoutwar.org/lte/lte-biden-must-choose-new-path-yemen/source=socials

(* A P)

US lawmakers urge Blinken to re-designate Yemen’s Houthis as terrorist organization

A group of US lawmakers wrote to Secretary of State Antony Blinken on Monday urging him to redesignate Yemen’s Iran-backed Houthi militia as a terrorist organization.

Members of the House Foreign Affairs Committee said attacks in the Middle East have increased significantly, including attacks on innocent civilians and energy infrastructure.

“The FTO designation provided the United States with additional leverage to pressure the Houthis to come to the table, and I urge Secretary Blinken to immediately re-designate the Iran-backed Houthis as a terrorist organization once again,” Representative Claudia Tenney said.

“We must be clear-eyed about what’s happening in Yemen - the Houthis continue to act like a terrorist organization and engage in terrorist activity, and it was wrong to de-list them as they continue to target innocent civilians,” she added.

The lawmakers wrote: “The Houthis very clearly meet all legal criteria for designation. They are a foreign organization that engages in terrorist activity that threatens US interests and nationals. They have fired missiles at civilian airports on numerous occasions, targeted civilian energy infrastructure, and threaten international shipping.”

“Further, it is well established that the Houthis receive training, support, and financial backing from Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, which is itself a designated FTO. Revoking the designation of the Houthis without any material change in its behavior undermines the credibility of this important foreign policy tool.”

https://english.alarabiya.net/News/gulf/2021/03/30/US-lawmakers-urge-Blinken-to-re-designate-Yemen-s-Houthis-as-terrorist-organization

(A P)

End the U.S.-Backed Saudi Blockade of Yemen

Reps. Dingell (MI-12), Khanna (CA-17), and Pocan (WI-02) are seeking Congressional signers on a letter to President Biden urging him to take decisive action to tell Saudi Arabia it must stop using starvation as a weapon of war and lift its blockade on Yemen now.

President Biden must pressure Saudi Arabia to end its blockade on Yemen. Urge your members of Congress to join this important letter.

https://fcnl.quorum.us/campaign/32168/

(B P)

US President Biden main loser in Saudi-led war on Yemen: Lebanese journalist to Press TV

A Lebanese journalist and former politician tells Press TV that US President Joe Biden is the main loser of the all-out military onslaught launched against Yemen by Saudi Arabia and its allies.

Nasser Kandil, the editor-in-chief of Lebanon’s al-Binaa newspaper, made the remarks in an exclusive interview with Press TV on Sunday, during which he praised the years-long resistance of the Yemeni nation against the relentless military incursion by Saudi Arabia and its regional and international allies, chiefly the United States.

“The main loser of this war is US President Joe Biden, who was vice president when the aggression against Yemen began,” Kandil said, adding that Americans have already started political maneuvers in order to find a way out of the Yemen war while suffering the lowest cost.

The Lebanese journalist stressed that the proposal of a ceasefire by Saudis as well as the proposal by Americans of a political solution to the persisting conflict are both aimed at finding a way out of the Yemen war.

https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2021/03/28/648259/Yemen-Saudi-Arabia-US-Biden-Kandil-Houthis

(A P)

US-based rights group announces hunger strike to urge end to Yemen war

The Yemeni Liberation Movement made the announcement in a statement in which the group introduced itself as a “grassroots, volunteer-led organization working to mobilize our communities for an end to the Yemen war, and bring liberation and sovereignty to all of Yemen.”

https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2021/03/28/648261/Rights-group-hunger-strike-Yemen-war

cp9a USA-Iran Krise: Spannungen am Golf / US-Iran crisis: Tensions at the Gulf

Siehe / Look at cp9

(A P)

Iran rejects ending 20% enrichment before U.S. lifts sanctions - state TV

Iran will not stop its 20% uranium enrichment before the United States lifts all sanctions, Iranian state TV quoted an unnamed official as saying on Tuesday in reaction to a U.S. media report that Washington would offer a new proposal to jump-start talks.

https://www.reuters.com/article/uk-iran-usa-nuclear-idUSKBN2BM0A8

(A K P)

Supply convoys for US-led military forces struck in bomb attacks across Iraq

https://parstoday.com/en/news/west_asia-i138128-supply_convoys_for_us_led_military_forces_struck_in_bomb_attacks_across_iraq

(* A B P)

Strategischer Schritt

Es hat das Potential, die Kräfteverhältnisse im Nahen und Mittleren Osten spürbar zu verschieben: das auf 25 Jahre angelegte Kooperationsabkommen, das der chinesische Außenminister Wang Yi und sein iranischer Amtskollege Mohammad Dschawad Sarif am Sonnabend in Teheran unterzeichnet haben. Es sieht eine dichte Zusammenarbeit zwischen den zwei Staaten auf zahlreichen wichtigen Feldern vor – beim Ausbau der Verkehrsinfrastruktur und der Telekommunikation, im Finanzwesen und in der Informationstechnologie etwa. Die Volksrepublik wird immense Summen – wie es heißt, bis zu 400 Milliarden US-Dollar – in Iran investieren und damit in einem Land, das ein tragendes Teilstück ihrer Neuen Seidenstraße werden kann. Umgekehrt bekommt Beijing von Teheran vergünstigtes Öl. Ob es stimmt, dass auch gemeinsame Manöver vorgesehen sind, ist noch unklar.

Dabei sichert das Abkommen der Volksrepublik nicht nur langfristig Einfluss am Persischen Golf, in einer Region also, die bekanntlich seit Jahrzehnten von den Vereinigten Staaten dominiert wird. Es hat darüber hinaus das Potential, die US-Dominanz schon kurzfristig zu schwächen – denn es ignoriert demonstrativ die Sanktionen, die auch die Biden-Administration weiterhin aufrechterhält, um Teheran zu möglichst weitreichenden politischen Zugeständnissen zu zwingen. Ohnehin hat China Anfang des Jahres begonnen, iranisches Öl in rasch zunehmenden Mengen zu importieren – ein Beleg dafür, dass Beijing und Teheran Mittel und Wege gefunden haben, die US-Sanktionen zumindest punktuell auszuhebeln. Der wachsende Ölhandel und das 25-Jahre-Abkommen eröffnen Teheran ökonomische Perspektiven, die den US-Sanktionsdruck zumindest ein wenig lindern. Washington wird möglicherweise überlegen müssen, wie lange es seine Rückkehr zum Atomabkommen noch von iranischen Zugeständnissen abhängig machen kann.

https://www.jungewelt.de/artikel/399539.strategischer-schritt.html

(* A B P)

Irans Wende nach Osten

Berlin und die EU stehen vor dem dauerhaften Verlust politischen Einflusses und nennenswerter Geschäfte in Iran. Das zeichnet sich als Ergebnis neuer Vereinbarungen zwischen Iran und China auf der einen sowie der anhaltenden US-Blockade gegenüber Teheran auf der anderen Seite ab. Der Volksrepublik ist es nicht nur gelungen, ihre Öleinfuhren aus Iran trotz der US-Sanktionen zumindest in gewissem Umfang weiterzuführen und sie seit Jahresbeginn sogar deutlich zu steigern; sie hat zudem am Wochenende ein umfassendes Kooperationsabkommen mit Teheran geschlossen, das immense Investitionen vorsieht und Chinas Wirtschaftseinfluss in Iran langfristig dominant werden lassen kann. Die Bundesrepublik ist mit ihrem Versuch, die US-Sanktionen zugunsten des deutschen Iran-Geschäfts auszuhebeln, hingegen gescheitert und hat keinerlei Aussichten, ihre traditionell hochprofitablen Wirtschaftsaktivitäten in dem Land wieder in Gang zu bringen. Experten beklagen, dass die Biden-Administration sogar humanitär erforderliche Importe von Lebensmitteln und Covid-19-Impfstoffen blockiert.

https://www.german-foreign-policy.com/news/detail/8566/

(A P)

Jemen: Kooperationspakt zwischen China und Iran bedeutet Niederlage für die USA

Mohammad Ali al-Houthi, Mitglied des Obersten Politischen Rates Jemeniten, hat die Unterzeichnung des 25-jährigen Kooperationsdokuments zwischen dem Iran und China als eine politische Niederlage für die USA und ihre Sanktionen bezeichnet.

https://parstoday.com/de/news/middle_east-i57142-jemen_kooperationspakt_zwischen_china_und_iran_bedeutet_niederlage_f%C3%BCr_die_usa

(* A P)

In Washington setback, Iran and China sign strategic deal

The recent economic and security cooperation agreement signed by Iran and China will have far reaching consequences for geopolitics in the Middle East. For certain, U.S.-led effort to contain Iran regionally and strangle it financially surely pushed both countries in this direction.

The deal gives Tehran a vital, if fickle, partner to help withstand economic sanctions imposed since the Trump administration exited the nuclear deal in 2018. Iran’s economy has steadily contracted since then. Foreign direct investment has plummeted with Tehran having fewer takers of its oil —save for China, which has steadily increased its imports over the last year.

For Beijing, the deal marks an important hedge in its relationship with oil-producing Persian Gulf states, which are long-standing U.S. security partners. While the terms of the deal have yet to be released, it purports to provide a steady and stable flow of Iranian oil to China in return for much needed investments in Iran’s critical infrastructure — from ports to high-speed rail, to energy and petrochemicals. If geopolitical tensions between Beijing and Washington reach a boiling point whereby Arab states are pressured by the United States to choose sides, China can rest assured that Tehran will be a reliable partner.

From Iran’s perspective, the deal positions Tehran’s financial and strategic interests firmly in Asia.

In fact, evidence suggests Iran’s economy is becoming more resilient: the IMF projects Iran’s economy to grow at 3.2 percent in 2021. In his recent Nowruz address to the nation, Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei primed the public for more sanctions in the future. Hardliners in Tehran and Washington want the same thing, but for different reasons.

Where does this leave Washington? Advocates of diplomacy hoped the Biden administration would quickly rejoin the nuclear deal, thereby creating the necessary political space in both capitals to discuss other issues of mutual concern. As Iran moves closer to China and Russia, that hope may fade. If hardliners take over the levers of power in Tehran after this summer’s presidential election, expect less of an appetite for such talks. Instead, Tehran will play the long game.

https://responsiblestatecraft.org/2021/03/29/iran-and-china-sign-historic-trade-and-security-deal/

(* B P)

How sanctions hurt Iranian women

But the Trump administration then dealt a terrible blow to Iranian women by reimposing sanctions on Iran, limiting oil sales and access to the global banking system, and pushing the economy into a deep recession.

Since spring 2018, the Iranian rial has lost 68% of its value. InMarch 2020, inflation has reached around 41 percent; today it hovers around 30 percent. During the same period, gross domestic product fell 6.5% and unemployment stood at 10.8%. The sanctions sabotaged one of the main dividends of the nuclear deal: foreign investment and job creation that were to accompany the opening of Iranian markets to the world.

As the Biden administration plans to re-engage with Iran, some of those who oppose a US return to the nuclear deal, even as a basis for negotiating a broader deal, also support Iranian women’s rights.

For many women in Iran, the hard-line American arguments for regime change and perpetual pressure fail to grasp the complexities they face. Calls for human rights support from champions of sanctions seem hollow when sanctions dismantle a country’s economy and the livelihoods of its people.

The Biden administration should recognize this reality as it battles national and Congressional ambivalence towards renewed diplomacy with Iran.

https://goodwordnews.com/opinion-how-sanctions-hurt-iranian-women/ = https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/27/opinion/sunday/iran-sanctions-women.html

(* B P)

The complicated history of US-Iran relations

Scholars have urged us, when looking at U.S.-Iran relations, to “take the long view.” It is a mistake, they tell us, to imagine that relations began in 1979 with the 14- month occupation of the American Embassy in Tehran. Or that they began in 1953 with the CIA-sponsored coup d’état against the nationalist government of Premier Mohammad Mosaddegh.

In such an approach, each country finds the other’s original sin that justifies self-righteousness and grievance, which have served neither side well. The result has been decades of reciprocal demonization and futility. Americans see Iranians as fanatics in thrall to aging theocrats. Iranians see Americans seeking to impose their will on smaller and weaker nations. Through this fog of complaints, the two sides communicate only through exchanges of insults, threats, accusations, and empty slogans. No one asks the question, “What do we hope to accomplish with this shouting? What have we accomplished?”

Serious studies of U.S.-Iran relations, such as James Bill’s excellent “The Eagle and the Lion” (Yale University Press 1988), take a longer and deeper view.

In his new book, “America and Iran: A History 1720 to the Present,” scholar John Ghazvinian takes an even longer view.

Ghazvinian finds a consistent theme running through American dealings with Iran: an obliviousness that relied on easy assumptions and facile phrases (e.g “carrots and sticks,” “malign behavior,” and “new Persian empire”) and ignored inconvenient and complex realities.

Part of the tragedy of this history is that there are so many examples of what appears to be willful blindness.

The author notes how, in 1979, Americans completely failed to recognize how the phantoms of 1953 were haunting subsequent generations of Iranians.

https://responsiblestatecraft.org/2021/03/29/the-complicated-history-of-us-iran-relations/

(* B P)

The early dilemmas of Biden’s foreign policy towards the Middle East and the Iranian factor

Apart from the dire humanitarian consequences of the protracted Yemeni conflict and the new administration’s commitment to a solution through diplomatic means, the aforementioned decisions should also be seen under the prism of the US-Iranian relations. Given the role of Iran in Yemen, as the primary backer of the Houthi, this shift could signal a first move towards diplomatic re-engagement with Tehran in an effort to put back on track the landmark agreement of 2015 concerning Iran’s nuclear programme.

Geopolitical constraints: the fait accompli of the Abraham Accords

Apart from Trump’s maximum pressure strategy, there is one more distinguishing factor complicating any efforts towards re-engagement: The historical Abraham Accords signed among some of the key US allies in the region and the geopolitical fait accompli set by them.

The Trump administration brokered these Accords, facilitating the establishment of diplomatic ties between Israel and Sunni Arab states, in particular the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Morocco and Sudan. Even though Saudi Arabia did not commit to them, it is highly likely that the Kingdom unofficially gave the green light, given its close ties with both states and its diplomatic leverage over Bahrain.

On behalf of the signatory states, the accords were largely driven by the commonly perceived Iranian threat and were based on cold political calculations and geopolitical necessities. The importance given by Trump’s administration to the Accords was seen as a massive boost for its ‘’maximum pressure strategy’’ in its efforts to block Iranian adventurism.

Hence, with the current geopolitical balance shifting in favour of its key allies in the region, the Biden Administration will have to carry out a ‘’Herculian task’’, convincing them that a potential revival of US-Iranian diplomacy would not undermine this advantage. The regional actor emerging as the greatest beneficiary of the Administration’s shift is Qatar, a state that could consolidate its relations with both blocs into newfound diplomatic leverage.

Once again, President Biden will have to face a dilemma as his policy options are restrained by its predecessor’s: balancing its value-based foreign policy agenda with the geopolitical imperatives.

The domestic landscape: the biggest obstacle towards re-engagement of US-Iranian relations?

The second biggest challenge and potential obstacle to the administration’s foreign policy aspirations is the domestic opposition of the Republican party, in a Senate equally shared by both Democrats and Republican.

https://globalriskinsights.com/2021/03/the-early-dilemmas-of-bidens-foreign-policy-towards-the-middle-east-and-the-iranian-factor/

(* B P)

How a U.S.-Iran Deal Helps Red States

Republican districts stand to benefit most from the economic windfall that a revived JCPOA would bring.

Biden hasn’t made a swift return to the 2015 deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), and has instead sought to assuage hawkish Republicans by squeezing Iran for future concessions before Washington reenters the agreement.

Yet Biden’s reasoning is flawed. It makes sense to neutralize GOP opposition to the nuclear deal, but that won’t be achieved by trying to out-hawk Republicans. There is a smarter way: Biden can boost the economies of red states and districts by using U.S. primary sanctions relief to elicit Iranian concessions.

Biden wants to reenter the JCPOA but worries the United States lacks the leverage to compel Iran to renegotiate key deadlines within the agreement, which puts Washington in a time crunch. Most critically, the JCPOA would require Biden to push Congress to lift key sanctions legislation on Iran in return for Tehran’s ratification of the Additional Protocol, an addendum that vastly expands the inspections regime of nuclear programs, in 2023. Biden’s team fears that such an endeavor will use tremendous political capital and make Democrats vulnerable in the 2024 presidential election.

Biden’s concern is legitimate. Pushing the deadline back a few years would not only reduce the domestic political risk associated with the deal, but it would also increase the likelihood of getting Congress’s approval. But the Biden administration has gone about this the wrong way. It calculated that Iran would only be amenable to such changes to the JCPOA if Washington recreated the perceived circumstances of 2013, when the nuclear negotiations began in earnest: In short, it’s looking to deal with a politically isolated Iran that’s unanimously blamed for nuclear impasse and kneecapped by crippling U.S. sanctions.

So instead of turning to diplomacy, Biden began a blame game to depict Iran as responsible for the JCPOA crisis, played for time to let former U.S. President Donald Trump’s sanctions further cripple Iran’s economy, and even refused to reverse Trump’s blocking of coronavirus aid to Iran. The high-stakes gamble predictably failed, just like Trump’s pressure strategy before it—which Biden aptly deemed a “self-inflicted disaster.”

https://foreignpolicy.com/2021/03/26/us-iran-deal-jcpoa-biden-republican-states-economy/

(A P)

Facebook disables Press TV’s page in new attack on free speech

Facebook has once again shut down the page of English-language Press TV news network, this time permanently, in yet another attack by the US-based social media giant on Iranian media outlets.

Without any prior warning, Facebook informed Press TV on Friday that its account had been shut down for what it claimed to be the Iranian news channel’s failure to “follow our Community Standards.”

https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2021/03/26/648135/Facebook-disables-Press-TV%E2%80%99s-page

(* A P)

Reviving Iran nuclear deal not a question of who goes first, U.S. official says

Who might take the first step to resume compliance with the 2015 Iran nuclear deal is not an issue for the United States, a U.S. official said on Friday, suggesting greater flexibility on the part of Washington.

The U.S. official sought to dispel what he said was an erroneous view that the United States insists on Iran’s full compliance before Washington would take any steps to resume its own commitments.

He also said it was not the U.S. stance that Tehran must take a first step to comply before Washington would take a step.

“It is absolutely not our position that Iran has to come into full compliance before we do anything,” the official said.

“As for, if we agree on mutual steps, like we’ll do X, they do Y, the issue of sequence will not be the issue. I don’t know who would go first. I mean we could – it could be simultaneous,” he said. “There’s a thousand iterations but ... I can tell you now, if this breaks down, it’s not going to be because of that.”

He added: “We will be pragmatic about that.”

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-iran-usa-nuclear-idUSKBN2BI36U

cp10 Großbritannien / Great Britain

(B P)

How Lex Greensill and David Cameron tried to woo Saudi Arabia’s crown prince

Financier boasted of desert trip with former prime minister and Mohammed bin Salman

Lex Greensill had penetrated the British establishment, forging close links with the country’s highest-ranking civil servants and ministers and lobbying for lucrative government contracts. Now the Australian financier had a new sovereign client in mind, where wealth and power were more concentrated and the right relationships could transform his business: Saudi Arabia. Before Greensill Capital collapsed this month, one of Lex Greensill’s favourite anecdotes was a camping trip he said he had taken with David Cameron and Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. Accompanied by the former UK prime minister, who was now his paid adviser, Greensill visited the desert with Prince Mohammed, the kingdom’s de facto leader, according to three people who heard his account of the journey.

The Financial Times has attempted to ask Cameron about the account of the desert camping trip several times, but the former prime minister has ignored the inquiries. His role in the company’s downfall has come under growing scrutiny, after the FT revealed he lobbied former colleagues for greater access to emergency government Covid loan schemes.

https://www.ft.com/content/e3cf4459-dd54-49c1-a777-276f8ae0d406

(* B K P)

Sanaa, a source in the Yemeni Ministry of Defense: The British side suffered losses during its field participation in the aggression during the year 2017 AD, and more information about these losses and on any military front will be disclosed in a timely manner.

https://twitter.com/GhalebM0nz1i7/status/1376640714872872963

cp11 Deutschland / Germany

(* B P)

Muss die Bundesregierung US-Drohnenangriffe stärker kontrollieren?

In Karlsruhe wird über Deutschlands Mitverantwortung für Tötungen durch US-Drohnen verhandelt - das könnte die Nato in Bedrängnis bringen. Der Gastbeitrag.

Vor dem Bundesverfassungsgericht wird es um die Frage gehen, ob Deutschland die Zivilbevölkerung im Ausland besser vor völkerrechtswidrigen Drohnenangriffen schützen muss, die vom US-Luftwaffenstützpunkt in Ramstein gesteuert werden. Zwei Jemeniten, die 2012 bei einem über Ramstein koordinierten Angriff Angehörige verloren, hatten bereits 2014 gegen die Bundesregierung geklagt.

Kern des Verfahrens ist dabei nicht die Frage, ob die Drohnentötungen der USA gegen Völkerrecht verstoßen, sondern ob Deutschland verpflichtet ist, die völkerrechtliche Legalität der von hier aus koordinierten Operationen sicherzustellen. Denn viele der Angriffe, die immer wieder zivile Opfer fordern, wären ohne deutsche Mithilfe gar nicht möglich.

Je nach Einsatzgebiet werden Kampfdrohnen wie die MQ-9 Reaper, die auch Soleimani tötete, über den US-Luftwaffenstützpunkt in Ramstein koordiniert.

Die Bundesregierung hat als Verwaltungsspitze insoweit einen Schutzauftrag, wonach das Recht auf Leben möglichst umfassend zu realisieren ist. Anders kann sie ihre aus den Grundrechten resultierenden Schutzpflichten nicht erfüllen. Weil davon auszugehen ist, dass weiterhin Drohnentötungen über Ramstein gesteuert werden, muss die Regierung bislang unterlassene Schutzmaßnahmen ergreifen, die die Beachtung des humanitären Völkerrechts sicherstellen. Dazu gehört auch die Verankerung eines Sorgfaltsmechanismus, der in der Lage ist, auf erkennbare Völkerrechtsverletzungen der USA einzuwirken und die Bedingungen der Nutzung künftig genauer zu definieren. Die Bundesregierung muss ihre Vorstellung von völkerrechtskonformen Drohneneinsätzen klar äußern, wenn sie nicht in einer Lage des semipermanenten Rechtsbruchs gefangen bleiben will – von Alexander Schwarz

https://www.fr.de/meinung/gastbeitraege/muss-die-bundesregierung-us-drohnenangriffe-staerker-kontrollieren-90272726.html

(A P)

Film: 27.03.2021 Berlin, Krieg im Jemen - Friedensaktivisten zeigen Gesicht

Gastredner ab 02:01 Rosemarie Meuer – Rheinmetall-Whistleblowerin ab 22:32 Isi Wasilewski – Free Assange EU ab 34:40 Ingo Karras – Friedenskoordination Cottbus, Whistleblower AG c/o attac Cottbus ab 42:30 Norbert Voss – Kündigt Ramstein Air Base jetzt! ab 01:07:04 Malte Klingauf – Friedensfestivals Pax Terra Musica ab 01:15:00 Rüdiger Wilke – Friedensaktivist

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kexzG-ndbCM

(A P)

Film: Stop the WAR in Yemen - Berlin: Six years war in Yemen are enough!

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6pbA-kEn57k

(A P)

Yemeni community in Germany holds protest against Saudi-led invasion

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/03/29/yemeni-community-in-germany-holds-protest-against-saudi-led-invasion/

cp12 Andere Länder / Other countries

Emirates: Siehe / Look at cp1

(A P)

Film (Schwedisch): JEMEN - KRIGET MOT BARNEN OCH DEN SVENSKA VAPENEXPORTEN

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sw9yynqUzBE

(A P)

BREAKING: Rail blockade now blocking @CNRailway shipping route for @GD_LandSystems armoured vehicles bound for Saudi Arabia (photo)

https://twitter.com/LAATCanada/status/1375470856072224768

(A P)

Bahrain Authorities Conceal Jau Prison Coronavirus Outbreak

http://birdbh.org/2021/03/bahrain-moi-conceals-jau-prison-coronavirus-outbreak-ahead-of-f1-bahrain-grand-prix/

(B P)

UAE Perpetuates Discrimination, Exploitation Towards Foreign Workers

The Gulf Center for Human Rights revealed that workers in the UAE “suffer from racism and a lack of health care, especially in light of the circumstances imposed by the Corona pandemic." It added that "they were left alone to face the pandemic without support, including the lack of access to medical care or forming unions."

The center affirmed that "the sponsorship system that perpetuates discrimination and exploitation is inconsistent in its fundamentals with the principles and conventions of human rights and modern labor systems whose reference is based on the 1990 International Convention on the Rights of Migrants and Members of Their Families." It pointed out that "press reports confirmed the spread of Corona among migrant workers in the UAE due to their lack of effective prevention methods."

It stated that "the lack of social distancing between them, as they live in crowded common places and in commercial neighborhoods with high population density, which worsened their health conditions."

https://english.almasirah.net/post/18608/UAE-Perpetuates-Discrimination%2C-Exploitation-Towards-Foreign-Workers

(A P)

Seems relevant that Hussein Ibish's employer, Arab Gulf States Institute, has at least FIVE major funders from UAE. That's not mentioned anywhere in Ibish's @bopinion piece fawning over UAE's potential as a peace broker between India and Pakistan.

https://twitter.com/EliClifton/status/1376541488574763009

referring to https://www.bloombergquint.com/opinion/india-and-pakistan-the-uae-is-seeking-a-new-role-as-peacemaker

(A P)

Exhibition on Saudi crimes in Yemen opens in Moscow

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/03/29/exhibition-on-saudi-crimes-in-yemen-opens-in-moscow/

(B P)

Hunting rare birds in Pakistan to feed the sex drive of princes

Pakistan started inviting royals in 1973. Numerous private parties began travelling from the Gulf to hunt the houbara bustard, a migratory bird that comes to the south-west of Balochistan in winter.

By 1989 the provincial government, backed by federal authorities in Islamabad, had formalised the arrangement, allocating different locations to different royal families.

A former spokesperson from Pakistan's Foreign Office said that they tried to end this "entire embarrassment" but to no avail. The former spokesperson said that "it is evident to many within the government that these trips are useless and futile for us on a diplomatic front but the powers that be have decided to persist with it".

The former official said UAE-Pakistan relations over the past 25 years showed Pakistan had got "nothing" out of the equation.

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-56419597

(A P)

An unprecedented European welcome to Saudi Arabia's initiative to end the Yemen crisis

Statement by Chair of Delegation for relations with the Arab Peninsula, Hannah Neumann, on new peace-plan for Yemen

The European Parliament's Delegation for Relations with Arab peninsula (hereinafter DARP) welcomes the commitment of Saudi Arabia and Yemen's internationally recognized government to end the Yemeni crisis and reach a comprehensive political solution.

DARP calls on all parties to engage in good faith negotiations leading to viable political and security arrangements, in line with by UN Security Council resolution 2216 (2015), the joint implementation mechanisms of the United Nations Mission to Support the Hodeida Agreement and the global ceasefire, as called for by UN Security Council resolution 2532 (2020).

DARP stresses that there can be no military solution to the conflict in Yemen

http://alriyadhdaily.com/article/93f271c4e04442ffb119f7035b8a8a34

My comment: Relying on UNSC Res. 2216 is the best way to block peace.

(A K P)

RSAF Combat Aircraft Complete Arriving in Pakistan to Participate in 2021 Air Excellence Center Exercise

The Saudi Royal Air Force (RSAF)'s combat aircraft with all air, technical and support crews completed on Saturday their arrival in Mushaf Airbase in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan to participate in 2021 Air Excellence Center Exercise.

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2208437

Film: https://twitter.com/MbKS15/status/1375890973268525063

cp12b Sudan

(A P)

Sudan and main rebel group restart peace talks

Sudan’s interim government and the main rebel group in the country agreed on Sunday to re-start peace talks, according to the rebel group and Sudan state news.

The agreement was marked in Juba, the capital of South Sudan, which has mediated past negotiations between the Sudan Popular Liberation Movement – North, led by Abdel-Aziz al-Hilu, and the government.

https://apnews.com/article/sudan-juba-south-sudan-fefe5e52c24e7040c2db3ad1c668b4db

cp13a Waffenhandel / Arms trade

(B K P)

MFAT approved military equipment export permits to UAE Land Forces

New Zealand's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT) approved export permits for military equipment that was sent to the United Arab Emirates (UAE), a key partner in Saudi Arabia's military intervention in Yemen, in 2018 and 2019.

Experts say the information heightens concerns that New Zealand may have contributed to war crimes in Yemen following revelations last month that similar exports were approved for Saudi Arabia. It comes as MFAT reviews its export controls regime to ensure it's fit for purpose.

Despite its ongoing review, MFAT has staunchly defended the approval of export permits for weapons sent to Saudi Arabia and the UAE. The two countries have carried out extensive and, according to the UN, indiscriminate bombing of areas in Yemen controlled by Houthi rebel forces.

Documents obtained by RNZ under the Official Information Act detail a 2018 permit granted for weapons suppressors that went to the UAE Land Forces, and 2018 and 2019 shipments of artillery control systems that the Land Forces intended to use for training students in their "School of Artillery".

The exporters identities, and the quantity and value of the equipment have been kept secret by MFAT.

https://www.rnz.co.nz/news/national/439445/mfat-approved-military-equipment-export-permits-to-uae-land-forces

and also https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/mar/30/new-zealand-approved-military-exports-to-saudis-yemen-war-ally-uae

(* B K P)

Saudi Arabia arms sales: Which countries are still exporting?

Following US pause on weapons deals to Riyadh and Abu Dhabi, MEE looks at how other major military exporters have responded

Since Washington’s decision, pressure has mounted on other Western countries that sell arms to Riyadh and its allies.

Middle East Eye breaks down which other major military exporters continue to arm the Saudi-led coalition, which countries have cancelled contracts, and what action is being taken by campaigners across the globe.

UK

Despite its US allies halting arms sales to the Saudi-led coalition, the UK - the second largest military exporter to Saudi Arabia - has refused to follow suit.

“The decisions the US takes on matters of arms sales are decisions for the US. The UK takes its own arms export responsibilities very seriously, and we continue to assess all arms export licences in accordance with strict licensing criteria,” James Cleverly, a foreign office minister, said.

The UK authorised the sale of $1.88bn worth of arms - including missiles and bombs - between the period of July and September 2020, according to figures released by the Department of International Trade last week.

London paused all new arms sales to the Saudi-led coalition in June 2019, after the UK Court of Appeal ruled that the government had failed to make an assessment of whether there was a risk that the weapons could be used to breach international humanitarian law in Yemen.

However, the transactions started up again in July last year, with international trade secretary Liz Truss stating that any breaches of international law were “isolated incidents”.

Saudi Arabia represented 40 percent of British arms exports between 2010 and 2019, and sources told The Times that the UK’s Typhoon aircraft programme would no longer be financially viable if the Saudis lost interest.

France

France is the third largest exporter of arms to Riyadh, with Paris accounting for 4 percent of the kingdom’s arms imports between 2015 and 2019, behind the US (73 percent) and UK (13 percent), according to the most recent figures released by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). Over the same period, France was the second largest exporter of arms to the UAE.

An investigation by EU Observer in November found that French companies were training Saudi soldiers despite concerns about the war in Yemen.

Italy

Following Washington’s decision in late January, Italy announced the blocking of arms sales to Saudi Arabia and the UAE over concerns the weapons could be used to kill civilians in Yemen.

Activists hailed the "historic" ruling, which will result in a complete blockade of exports, rather than a temporary suspension.

Canada

Canada’s arms sales to Riyadh have come under intense scrutiny in recent weeks since their North American neighbours froze exports.

Spain

Spain has consistently been one of the EU’s largest exporters to the Saudi-led coalition.

Between 2015 and 2019, it authorised the sale of arms to the coalition worth more than €2.6bn, and exported weapons, predominantly ammunition and aircraft, worth almost €2bn. Most of those exports went to Saudi Arabia (€1.2bn) and the UAE (€276 million).

[Germany; Australia; Belgium]

https://www.middleeasteye.net/saudi-uae-coalition-arms-sales-country-breakdown

cp13b Wirtschaft / Economy

(* A E P)

U.N. monitors backtrack on Yemen money-laundering accusations - document

Independent U.N. sanctions monitors have withdrawn accusations against Yemen’s government of money-laundering and corruption that they said “adversely affected” access to food supplies in a country on the brink of famine, a document showed.

The experts had said in an annual report to the U.N. Security Council that Yemen’s central bank broke its foreign exchange rules, manipulated the foreign exchange market and “laundered a substantial part of a $2 billion Saudi deposit in a sophisticated money-laundering scheme”.

In a March 26 document seen by Reuters, and whose authenticity was confirmed by a diplomat, the experts provided an update to a Security Council committee saying a preliminary review showed no evidence of corruption or money laundering and that indications show “food prices were stabilised in 2019”.

It said those sections of the report should be disregarded pending a final assessment.

The deposit made by Saudi Arabia in 2018 was intended to fund credit to buy commodities to strengthen food security and stabilize domestic prices.

Yemen’s central bank has said the operations it carried out were transparent and compliant with international banking and trade requirements.

In February, Yemen’s government said it appointed Ernst & Young to audit its central bank accounts.

https://www.reuters.com/article/yemen-security-un-int/u-n-monitors-backtrack-on-yemen-money-laundering-accusations-document-idUSKBN2BL2O7

and also https://apnews.com/article/middle-east-yemen-united-nations-united-arab-emirates-fce26f460b73def2afcc86806ab589a6

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/3/29/un-monitors-backtrack-on-yemen-money-laundering-accusations

and

(A E P)

Hayel Saeed Anam (HSA) Group welcomes the Panel of Experts on #Yemen review of its report, clearing the group of any involvement in any corruption or money laundering. (document)

https://twitter.com/mohammedalqadhi/status/1376860115886866433

(* B E P)

Saudi occupation robs Yemen of 75% of oil income

Minister of Oil and Minerals, Ahmed Daress, on Saturday confirmed that the Saudi-led coalition’s control over the oil sector deprived the state of 75 percent of the budget’s tributary.

During a press conference held by the oil ministry today in the capital Sana’a, Daress said that crude oil production in 2018 amounted to 18,000,080 barrels, at an average price of Yemeni crude 72 dollars per barrel, with a total value estimated at one billion dollars.

In 2019, the coalition theft of Yemeni crude oil reached 29,692,000 barrels, at an average price of 77 dollars a barrel at that time, with a total value of 2,300,000,000 dollars, according to the oil minister.

Daress pointed out that in the year 2020, the coalition theft of Yemeni crude reached 31,620,000 barrels, at an average price of 64 dollars a barrel, with a total value amounted to 2,144,000,000 dollars.

He explained that the volume of the theft of Yemeni crude oil for the years from 2018 to 2020 reached 5,000,620,415 dollars.

The sums stolen from the sale of Yemeni oil were deposited at the National Bank in Saudi Arabia and placed at the disposal of the coalition, which spent them on its aggression and blockade on Yemen, Daress explained. He noted that that the volume of the stolen Yemeni oil was sufficient to cover the salaries of state employees.

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/03/27/saudi-occupation-robs-yemen-of-75-of-oil-income/

and also https://debriefer.net/en/news-24102.html

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3134360.htm

https://english.almasirah.net/post/18557/US-Saudi-Aggression-Converts-Oil-Fields-into-Military-Bases%C2%A0

(* B E K)

Yemeni air transport sector suffered over 5.2 billion dollars in losses due to Saudi blockade

Deputy Chairman of the Civil Aviation and Meteorology Authority (CAMA) of Yemen, Raed Jabal, has on Friday said the direct and indirect damages and losses suffered by the Authority and its various sectors since the beginning of the US-Saudi aggression have reached 5,277,000,000 dollars.

In a press statement, Jabal indicated that direct losses amounted to 1.7 billion dollars in infrastructure, including facilities, buildings, equipment, navigational equipment, telecommunication devices, and high-tech radars associated with global air navigation in civil airports and other sectors of the authority.

Jabal elaborated that the estimated damage and losses suffered by the Yemeni Airlines Company as a result of the aggression is 1,861,000,000 dollars, and the losses of Al-Saeeda airline amounted to 94,600,000 dollars, while the losses of the two civil IL-76 cargo planes of the government reached 105 million dollars.

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/03/27/yemeni-air-transport-sector-suffered-over-5-2-billion-dollars-in-losses-due-to-saudi-blockade/

and also https://english.almasirah.net/post/18587/One-Every-10-Yemeni-Patients-Dies-While-Traveling-to-Reach-Airports

(* B E K)

Telecommunications sectors incur 2 billion riyals losses in Sana'a

The telecommunications sector in Sana'a suffered material losses as a result of the U.S.-Saudi aggression amounting to 2.322 million riyals.

The Office of Telecommunications confirmed in a statement received by Saba that the aircraft of aggression completely destroyed 19 buildings, networks and strengthening station in various directorates.

The office explained that direct targeting by coalition for the telecommunications sector caused the burning and failure of dozens of ground cables.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3134640.htm

(* B E K)

Hundreds of Citizens Killed, Injured by US-Saudi Airstrikes on Roads, Bridges

Like other economic and service sectors, the road sector suffered direct and indirect material losses as a result of the US-Saudi aggression, estimated at 1.9 trillion riyals, equivalent to 3.3 billion dollars.

Statistics issued by the Ministry of Public Works and Highways indicate that the total 17,000 km network of roads and bridges has been subjected to systematic damage, damaging nearly five thousand kilometers of the network and destroyed more than a hundred bridges, most of which are located on the main roads.

According to the same statistics, the cost of losses to the road sections affected by the bombing amounted to nearly one billion dollars. The rest of the losses are divided into the cost of rebuilding the destroyed bridges, including more than 45 bridges, in addition to the direct and indirect economic and social losses resulting from the targeting of the road network.

In this regard, the Deputy Minister of Public Works and Roads, Eng. Muhammad Al-Thari, confirms that aggression, through that targeting, destroyed the road network and bridges, which the state spent billions of dollars in building and asphalting, isolating Yemeni cities and governorates from each other and disrupting the interests of citizens in general.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/18586/Hundreds-of-Citizens-Killed%2C-Injured-by-US-Saudi-Airstrikes-on-Roads%2C-Bridges%C2%A0

(B E K)

[Sanaa gov.] Ministry of Electricity Reveals Losses Electricity Sector During Six Years of US-Saudi Aggression

Ministry of Electricity and Energy revealed direct and indirect damage and losses to the electricity sector over six years of US-Saudi aggression, estimated at 10 billion and 600 million dollars.

According to a report issued by the Ministry, the direct losses of the electricity sector due to the war and the blockade reached four billion dollars, while the indirect losses were estimated at two billion and three million dollars due to the stoppage.

The report indicated that the losses of the generation sector in the Electricity Corporation amounted to $31,541,000.

The initial losses in the transport sector and transforming stations as a result of the aggression amounted to $61,757,000.

In the distribution sector, the report indicated that the primary losses amounted to $295,023,000, while the losses of the secondary cities sector in the ministry and the electricity corporation amounted to $30,351,000.

The foreign-funded projects sector (generation, transmission and distribution) has suffered initial damages estimated at $308,978,000, while the losses resulting from the targeting of the buildings and facilities sector and the rest of the electricity sector areas were estimated at $600 million.

The estimated initial direct and indirect losses at the General Authority for Rural Electricity during the six years of the aggression amounted to $1,600,000,000.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/18567/Ministry-of-Electricity-Reveals-Losses-Electricity-Sector-During-Six-Years-of-US-Saudi-Aggression

and

(B E K)

Nearly $19 Million, Losses of Hodeidah Electricity as Result of US-Saudi Aggression

https://english.almasirah.net/post/18560/Nearly-%2419-Million%2C-Losses-of-Hodeidah-Electricity-as-Result-of-US-Saudi-Aggression%C2%A0

(* B E H)

Saudi-led war inflicted $111bn in damage to Yemen’s agriculture sector: Ministry

The Sana’a government’s Agriculture and Irrigation Ministry has enumerated the harm caused by the Saudi-led military coalition against Yemeni people, saying that the Riyadh-led aggression has, directly and indirectly, inflicted $111 billion in damage to Yemen's agriculture sector.

At a press conference released by Yemen's al-Masirah news agency on Sunday, the Yemeni ministry said 172 governmental agricultural buildings and facilities, 204 non-governmental agricultural buildings and facilities, and 89 water facilities, including dams and water conservation projects, were destroyed in Saudi-led coalition's airstrikes during past six years.

The ministry added that 2,314 agricultural warehouses, 75 markets, 45 agricultural unions, and 29 agricultural export centers and cold storage facilities were also demolished.

Elsewhere, the Yemeni Agriculture and Irrigation Ministry said 3,213 agricultural equipment and tools have been destroyed.

Agriculture Minister Abdul-Malek al-Thur said the damage done to the agriculture sector was very large and that more than 56 percent of those working in this sector had been negatively impacted.

Al-Thur said indirect damage in this sector includes loss of production capacity and alternative opportunities.

https://www.presstv.com/Detail/2021/03/28/648247/Saudi-war-damage-Yemen-agriculture

and also https://www.farsnews.ir/en/news/14000109000169/Sadi-Led-War-Infliced-$bln-in-Damage-Yemen%E2%80%99s-Agriclre-Secr

https://english.almasirah.net/post/18580/Agriculture-Sector-Losses-Over-6-years-of-US-Saudi-Aggression

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/03/29/yemeni-agriculture-has-suffered-111-billion-dollars-in-losses-due-to-saudi-invasion/

(* B E H)

[Sanaa gov.] Fisheries Ministry Reveals Losses during the 6 Years of US-Saudi Aggression

The Ministry of Fisheries held a press conference, Saturday, on the losses of the sector during the 6 years of aggression and blockade.

During a press conference, the Minister of Fisheries said that the number of the monitored attacks on the fisheries sector reached 85 direct attacks. The number of martyrs among fishermen and the fish sector reached 271 martyrs and dozens of injured.

The Minister of Fisheries added that 1749 fishermen were kidnapped, imprisoned and tortured, 28 of whom are still prisoned, while the losses of the fish sector in the Red Sea monitored as a result of the aggression amounted to more than 10 billion dollars. He stated that the losses in the infrastructure of the fishery sector amounted to more than 137 million US dollar, while the number of boats totally destroyed in the coasts of the governorates of Hodeidah and Hajjah reached 250 boats, at a total cost of more than $ 2 million.

He pointed out that the losses resulting from the cessation of the implementation of fish projects in the Red Sea amounted to approximately 2 billion dollars, while the total losses due to unlicensed fishing under the protection of the aggression vessels amounted to more than 3 billion dollars. He pointed out that the total assessment of the environmental damage resulting from the aggression was more than 2 million and 500 thousand dollars, while the losses of industries and services associated with the fish activity amounted to more than 21 million dollars.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/18559/Fisheries-Ministry-Reveals-Losses-during-the-6-Years-of-US-Saudi-Aggression

cp15 Propaganda

(A P)

Peace in Yemen is a real possibility

Saudi Arabia is leading international efforts to recognise the country and bring and end to the war, writes HE Ambassador of Saudi Arabia to the European Union, Saad Bin Mohammed Alarify.

The conflict in Yemen has sadly been raging for more than six years now, but peace for its tormented population might finally be on the horizon. Saudi Arabia, leading the international coalition supporting the internationally recognised government, has put forward an initiative to end the war in Yemen.

The initiative calls for political negotiations with the crucial involvement of the UN and would allow for opening up transport to people in need. Hopefully, it would also lead to the access of crucial medical supplies and vaccines to those in need, access that has been frequently denied by the insurgents.

For peace to happen, the role of the UN, and indeed of UN resolution 2216, is key, and it is important to note that UN Secretary General, António Guterres, has welcomed the initiative to end the war in Yemen.

In Saudi Arabia, we are not surprised by the UN’s welcome. While the narrative in Europe is at times different, we remember very well why we are involved. We also know the great efforts we undertake to better the conditions for the lives of the Yemeni citizens.

The Saudi Development and Reconstruction Program for Yemen (SDRPY) was established through royal decree to assist the Yemeni people reconstructing their country by working with their government. SDRPY accomplishes its mission with donor involvement from partner organisations and countries advocating on behalf of Yemen – by HE Ambassador Saad Bin Mohammed Alarify, Head of Mission, Mission of Saudi Arabia to the European Union

https://www.theparliamentmagazine.eu/news/article/peace-in-yemen-is-a-real-possibility

(A P)

Who Said That Saudis Are Looking For Victory in Yemen?

Throughout history, Saudi Arabia maintained a positive relationship with the Republic of Yemen. Even when the country was divided into two states, Riyadh managed its intricate relations with each capital, Sanaa and Aden, with balance and wisdom. All of this took place despite the two sides’ ideological differences, which meant that Saudi Arabia often had to practice restraint and self-discipline. Even during the first Houthi war of 2009, the Saudi response was tame. Riyadh wanted to protect the central government in Sanaa and knew that Houthi terrorism doesn’t necessarily require a full-fledged war with the Republic of Yemen. But all this changed after the Houthis occupied Sanaa and tried to topple the central government, replacing it with a Teheran-backed authority.

https://themedialine.org/mideast-mindset/who-said-that-saudis-are-looking-for-victory-in-yemen/

(B P)

Film: A Strategic Proxy Threat: Iran’s Transnational Network

Iran’s influence throughout the Middle East has grown dramatically in the past decade, in large part due to its expanding regional network of militias and their assertion of influence in unstable environments. Through the IRGC’s Quds Force and Iranian allies such as Lebanese Hezbollah, the Popular Mobilization Units (PMUs) in Iraq, and the Houthis in Yemen, Iran’s pursuit of regional hegemony through the removal of Western influence threatens stability. What are the main challenges and threats posed by Iran’s regional network? How best should they be dealt with? Can diplomacy remove the incentive for Iranian proxy aggression? How must the United States and the wider international community respond to Iran’s direct and proxy involvement in conflicts across the Middle East?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UYsI-XW2nWo

(A P)

Yemenis lash out on gov’t for considering only Houthi priorities in talks with envoys

Large numbers of Yemenis have lashed out at President Abd R. Mansour Hadi’s government for considering only the Houthi militia’s priorities in its talks with the UN and US envoys to the country.

Mohammed Sarhan a popular Yemeni social activist said in a facebook post, “The Riyadh-based Hadi’s government is now negotiating with the UN and US envoys over opening the Sana’a Airport and Hodeidah Seaport which are under the control of the Houthi militia.” What about the Houthi shelling of IDPs?,” he inquired.

“What about the Houthi six year siege on the [government loyalist] Taiz city,” another facebooker, Waleed Hatem, inquired. “The Hadi government is only giving [concessions] not taking. It is following the dictations of the international envoys without ifs or buts.”

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-46022

(A P)

Cartoon: Houthis & Peace Initiatives

https://twitter.com/RepYemenEnglish/status/1376424290405515266

(A P)

‘Saudi Arabia determined to bring stability, prosperity and security back to Yemen’

Saudi Arabia is determined to bring stability, prosperity, and security back to Yemen, and the Kingdom has made repeated and determined efforts to do so, including this latest peace initiative said Prince Khalid Bin Bandar Bin Sultan, Saudi Arabia’s ambassador to the United Kingdom.
In an opinion column in Telegraph, the UK’s leading daily, he called on the international community to put pressure on the Iranian-backed Houthi militia to end the escalation.
The Saudi envoy emphasized that it would take sustained global efforts to restore peace in the war-hit country.
The Saudi ambassador’s column comes in response to continued biased coverage of the Yemeni crisis in the UK mainstream media.
Expressing concerns of Saudi Arabia and its citizens over the plight of the ordinary Yemenis as the result of the ongoing conflict, Prince Khalid Bin Bandar said: “Like all Saudis, I feel deeply for the suffering of the people of Yemen. The conflict in that nation has been a humanitarian tragedy long before our intervention and continues to be so despite our best efforts to minimize civilian casualties.”
He said that Saudi Arabia got involved in the conflict with the sole purpose of ending it.
“This is a conflict between the internationally-recognized government of Yemen and the militant Houthi groups that are backed by Iran. Saudi Arabia originally intervened to support the Yemeni government, with the backing of a UN Security Council resolution, against an organization that was attempting its overthrow by military means. Since then, we have repeatedly attempted to bring the Houthis to the negotiating table, to find a route to ending the conflict,” the Saudi envoy said.
“This week, we have launched another initiative to bring about peace, another proposal for a ceasefire. We are serious about the initiative because we know that there is a genuine threat of famine in the country. But the world also needs to understand the hurdles that must be crossed,” he added.

https://saudigazette.com.sa/article/604939/SAUDI-ARABIA/Saudi-Arabia-determined-to-bring-stability-prosperity-and-security-back-to-Yemen

(A P)

Who said that the Saudis are seeking victory in Yemen?

However, the situation changed after the Houthis became a hostile entity, occupying the capital and attempting to abolish the Yemeni republic to establish a new Wilayat al-Faqih (Guardianship of the Jurist) that answers to Iran. And for the first time in modern history, a militia has come to possess state-level capabilities in terms of weapons and money, with no political experience that enables it to deal with its rivals with diplomacy and tact, because of its allegiance to and reliance on others.

Riyadh, with the authorization of the international community, supported the Yemeni government and its army in their war against the Houthis. Saudi Arabia’s result came as an answer to the call for help from Yemen’s legitimate government, on behalf of its people, in order to protect the country from abuse, vandalism, and the forced disappearance from the Arab space and international community, as well as from being under the influence of Tehran.

Saudi Arabia would not have taken this costly position on behalf of the international community if it decided to shirk its national duty and give up its sacred position in the Muslim world. Riyadh refused to turn a blind eye to Tehran’s actions

https://english.alarabiya.net/in-translation/2021/03/28/Who-said-that-the-Saudis-are-seeking-victory-in-Yemen-

(A P)

Houthis urged to de-escalate, accept Saudi initiative

“There are great efforts to end the war and the humanitarian crisis,” Najeeb Ghallab, undersecretary at Yemen’s Information Ministry and a political analyst, told Arab News.

But convincing a militia supported by Iran, which is known for breaching agreements, to accept the Saudi initiative would not happen without joint military, economic and political efforts, Ghallab said.

“There is a problem with the structure of the Houthi group, which is built on creating wars to survive. There should be a simultaneous military, economic and political pressure on the Houthis,” Ghallab said.

Iran’s use of the rebels as a tool for settling scores with Saudi Arabia and achieving its expansionist ambitions also hindered efforts to end the war in Yemen, experts said. “The Houthi group is a tool for achieving Iran’s religious scheme,” Ghallab said.

Ahmed Obeid Bin Daghar, Yemen’s Shoura Council head, criticized the Houthis for their reluctance to accept the Saudi initiative and end the war in Yemen. Bin Daghar said that the Saudi initiative had exposed Houthi lies and showed them to be a stooge for the Iranian regime.

“The initiative revealed the reality of the Houthis; a bloody, racist, and stinking terrorist group, and exposed their lies. They appeared as advocates of war and agents serving an expansionist Iranian agenda in the region,” Bin Daghar said in a Twitter post.

https://www.arabnews.com/node/1833526/middle-east

(A P)

Yemeni gov't: Houthi response to Saudi plan application of Iran agenda

The attacks recently escalated by the Houthi group proves its application of Iran's agenda aimed at destabilizing the regional security, the Yemeni foreign minister told the UN special envoy for Yemen.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-24110.html

(A P)

Hadi: Yemeni people will not accept to copy Iranian experience

Yemen's internationally recognised president Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi said on Sunday the Yemeni people will not accept to copy the Iranian experience or the return of the imamate rule in their county.

The Yemeni people have suffered a lot because of the war declared by the Houthi group against the national consensus and the outcomes of the national dialogue conference in which they participated, he said at a meeting with the UN envoy Martin Griffiths in the Saudi capital Riyadh.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-24115.html

(A P)

The Berlin-based Yemeni strategic researcher Ali Al-Absi told Aljazeera TV, “ any negotiations between the government and the Houthis will lead to no positive outcomes … since Houthis are not a political group that one can approach by dialogue.” He said the Houthis are “an armed group that believes in violence” to secure its goals citing, for example, Houthi leader Mohammed AlBokheiti’s recent declaration that his theocratic group “won’t accept any political settlement that does not recognize the Wilayah” form of government.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-45976

(A P)

More Saudi coalition „We are benefactors“ propaganda

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2209147

https://www.spa.gov.sa/viewfullstory.php?lang=en&newsid=2208279

cp16 Saudische Luftangriffe / Saudi air raids

(* A K pH)

Saudi coalition air raids and shelling day by day

March 28: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1975609052589450/

March 27: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1974740716009617/

March 26: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1974242349392787/

March 25: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1973223346161354/

March 24. https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1973222906161398/

March 23: https://www.facebook.com/lcrdye/photos/a.551858951631141/1973222429494779/

(A K pH)

Injuring Woman with US-Saudi Aggression Remnants, Sa'adah

https://english.almasirah.net/post/18581/Injuring-Woman-with-US-Saudi-Aggression-Remnants%2C-Sa-adah

(A K pH)

Aggression targets mercenaries' gathering in Marib

The US-Saudi aggression coalition warplanes on Sunday targeted a gathering of its mercenaries west of Marib city, a military official said on Monday.

The official added the aggression's warplanes hit mercenaries in Nakhla area with an air raid, killing and injuring among them, including an armored vehicle was burnt.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3134484.htm

(A K pH)

More Saudi coalition air raids

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3134474.htm / https://english.almasirah.net/post/18602/US-Saudi-Aggression-Launches-Raids-on-Marib Marib p.

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/03/28/saudi-forces-launch-bombing-raid-on-hodeidah/ Hodeidah p.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/18554/US-Saudi-Aggression-s-Daily-Update-for-Sunday%2C-March.27.2021 / https://english.almasirah.net/post/18542/Saudi-Arabia-Carries-out-Attacks-Rallies-on-Aggression-Anniversary Several prov.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3134349.htm Jawf p.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3134348.htm Marib p.

cp17 Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

Siehe / Look at cp1, cp17a, cp18

Im Jemen herrscht ein militärisches Patt. Eine größere Offensive mit größeren Erfolgen und Geländegewinnen für eine Seite bleiben seit der Offensive der saudischen Koalition gegen Hodeidah im Jahr 2018 aus. Kleinere Offensiven, ständige gegenseitige Angriffe und Gefechte mit Toten auf beiden Seiten und Opfern unter der Zivilbevölkerung gibt es aber ständig. Besonders betroffen sind die Provinzen Hodeidah, Taiz, Al Bayda, Al Dhalea, der Bezirk Nehm in der Provinz Sanaa, die Provinzen Al Jawf, Marib, Hajjah und Saada.

There is a military stalemate in Yemen. A larger offensive with greater successes and territorial gains for one side has been absent since the Saudi coalition's offensive against Hodeidah in 2018. Smaller offensives, constant mutual attacks and skirmishes killing fighters of both sides and causing victims among the civilian population are constant. The provinces of Hodeidah, Taiz, Al Bayda, Al Dhalea, the district of Nehm in the province of Sanaa, the provinces of Al Jawf, Marib, Hajjah and Saada are particularly affected.

(A K)

Saudi-led coalition says it destroyed two drones launched by Houthis: Saudi state TV

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-yemen-security-saudi-drones/saudi-led-coalition-says-it-destroyed-two-drones-launched-by-houthis-saudi-state-tv-idUSKBN2BM1AC

(* B K)

The bodies of the fighters in Taiz ... a thorny and complex humanitarian mission, but local mediators succeeded in extracting an agreement between the government forces and the Houthis and were able to date to complete the exchange and retrieve the 195 bodies of both sides.

The exchange of the bodies of the fighters is a difficult and complex humanitarian task, and in the governorate of Taiz, a team of local mediators is working on this thorny file, as part of voluntary humanitarian efforts. One of the mediators says to the Yemeni Press Network (Yazan) the file of the exchange of bodies is a thorny and complex one, but we are working hard with all the parties in this file as part of purely humanitarian tasks. And he added, in 2018, we concluded an agreement between government forces and the Houthis in Taiz, provided that the bodies of the dead would be exchanged from both sides without obstacles. The source added, the agreement provides for the exchange of bodies, or even the release of the bodies of any party without compensation, and not to hinder efforts to return the bodies to any party. The source confirmed that the mediation efforts in the dead body file have taken place since 2015, but they were individual efforts and without a clear framework. "In 2018, it was agreed that the bodies would be delivered directly after their fall, without the need to detain them," he said.

https://yazaan.net/news630.html

(A K pH)

Sare’e Warns Saudi Regime with Stronger, More Painful Strikes

Yemeni Armed Forces spokesman Brigadier General Yahya Sare’e confirmed that the seventh year of US-Saudi aggression will witness the announcement of new missile systems.

“The National Day of Steadfastness Operation will only be the inauguration of the seventh year, if the aggression does not stop and the siege is not lifted,” Sare’e said in an interview with Al-Masirah TV on Saturday evening

https://english.almasirah.net/post/18568/Sare-e-Warns-Saudi-Regime-with-Stronger%2C-More-Painful-Strikes

and also https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/03/28/yemens-military-spokesman-threatens-saudi-regime-with-new-strikes/

(A K)

Saudi-led coalition destroys Houthi rigged boats, drones: state media

The Saudi-led coalition battling Yemen’s Houthi forces has destroyed two explosive-laden boats that the Iran-aligned group planned to use in an “imminent” attack launched from the Red Sea port of Hodeidah, Saudi state media reported on Sunday.

The coalition also said it intercepted and destroyed two armed drones launched towards southern Saudi Arabia.

https://www.reuters.com/article/uk-yemen-security/saudi-led-coalition-destroys-houthi-rigged-boats-drones-state-media-idUSKBN2BK03N

and also https://debriefer.net/en/news-24109.html

Film: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pjr7kf30q68

(A K pS)

[Hadi] Government forces say inflicted heavy losses on Houthis in Taiz

https://debriefer.net/en/news-24091.html

cp17a Kriegsereignisse: Schlacht um Marib / Theater of War: Marib battle

Siehe / Look at cp4

(A K pS)

Again, Houthis #HouthisTargetIDPsCamps "AlSwaida" northwest #Marib today ,Monday, 8:50pm local time, says Marib's IDPs Camps Unit.

https://twitter.com/Alsakaniali/status/1376650674528731145

(* A K pH)

[Sanaa gov.] Yemeni Forces Progress in Ma’rib Amid Concerns over Saudi-Led Fighters Using Refugees as ‘Human Shield

Yemeni Armed Forces, backed by fighters from Popular Committees, made more gains in the country’s strategic central province of Ma’rib, wresting control over more regions amid concerning reports that Riyadh-led fighters and their mercenaries are using refugees as “human shield” to slow the advance of Yemeni sides.

Military sources, speaking on condition of anonymity, told Al-Mayadeen television news network that Yemeni forces and their allies could establish control over the areas of Malbuda, Hamma al-Za'aib and Nakhla in the Medghal district, besides Hamma al-Hamra area in the Sirwah district.

The sources highlighted that Yemeni Armed Forces were able to make progress in Sirwah and Medghal districts despite incessant airstrikes by Saudi-led coalition fighter jets.

They added that bitter clashes between Yemeni forces and Saudi-sponsored militants loyal to Yemen's former President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi have also left dozens of people dead or wounded on both sides.

Separately, several pro-Hadi militants were killed or injured when a Saudi-led warplanes ‘mistakenly’ struck their gathering in Nakhla area.

Al-Mayadeen TV also reported that Saudi-led military aircraft had carried out more than two dozen airstrikes in the Sirwah and Medghal districts to support the Riyadh regime’s mercenaries in their repeated attempts to counter operations by Yemeni troops.

The developments took place a day after Ma’rib provincial governor Ali Mohammed Ta'iman said Saudi-led forces and their allies were using displaced persons as human shields on the outskirts of the city of Ma’rib.

https://www.farsnews.ir/en/news/14000110000116/Yemeni-Frces-Prgress-in-Ma%E2%80%99rib-Amid-Cncerns-ver-Sadi-Led-Fighers-Using

(* A H K pH)

Activists denounce Saudi abuses against internally displaced refugees

Activists have on Monday circulated pictures showing the suffering of displaced refugees in Ma’rib province, as a result of the Saudi-led coalition forces preventing them from leaving their camps.

The photos showed the great suffering of the internally displaced people (IDPs) due to the approaching battles towards them in the safe areas east of the city of Ma’rib.

Earlier in the day, local sources in the city of Ma’rib reported that the coalition forces stationed inside the IDP camps in Al-Suwaida area, north of Ma’rib city, bombed the sites of Yemeni forces with Katyusha rockets.

The sources also indicated on Sunday evening that the coalition forces prevented the displaced from leaving the IDP camps, which were turned into military barracks by coalition forces and Al-Qaeda operatives (photos)

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/03/29/activists-denounce-saudi-abuses-against-internally-displaced-refugees/

and

(* B K pH)

[Sanaa gov.] Marib governor warns aggression forces against using IDPs as human shields

The aggression forces refused to allow the displaced to move to safer areas and away from confrontations, in a desperate attempt to trade their suffering and use them as a humanitarian pressure sheet to stop the progress of the army and popular committees said Tuaiman in a statement to Saba.

He pointed out that since the beginning of their military operations, the [Sanaa gov.] armed forces have been careful to spare civilians, including displaced persons, the scourge of war and targeting, despite the fact that the forces of aggression have developed artillery hangars next to some IDPs’ camps and have exploited their suffering for political purposes.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3134496.htm

(A K)

Yemen's Houthi rebels renew Marib campaign amid diplomatic push

Yemen's Houthi rebels launched fresh attacks on Sunday as part of their attempt to capture the oil-rich province of Marib.

The rebels' offensive did not make much ground on Sunday, as it was met with Saudi-led coalition bombing.
A number of women and children were injured in the region on Sunday, a local source told The New Arab's Arabic-language sister site, after the Houthis fired rockets towards a camp for displaced civilians.

https://english.alaraby.co.uk/english/news/2021/3/28/yemens-houthi-rebels-renew-marib-campaign-amid-diplomatic-push

and

(A K pS)

Houthis continue to shell Marib's IDPs camps

Houthi shelling on the IDPs camp of Almeel in Yemen’s eastern Marib city on Sunday has led to the injury of seven IDPs mostly women, local sources said.
One source told the Defense Ministry’s website that the militia struck the camp, in the north of the city, “with several shells hitting the tents and injuring six women and a man.”
Some of the injuries are serious, according to the source.
The continuous Houthi shelling on the IDPs camps of Almeel, Alkhayr and Tawasol has led to waves of re-displacements among the already displaced families.

http://en.adenpress.news/news/32584

and also https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-46003

Photos: https://twitter.com/RepYemenEnglish/status/1376188848108150785

(A K pS)

Houthis poured hundreds of fighters and military vehicles as reinforcements to the frontline outside the [government-held] province Marib on Friday.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-45976

(A K pH)

Al-Mushki: Military Operations in Marib to Reach Goals Soon

Deputy Chief of the General Staff, Major General Ali Al-Mushki, confirmed that the fighters of the Army and Popular Committees now have the lead, determining the theater of operations.

"The military situation is excellent, we are moving steadily towards raising the readiness of the forces and securing all the military requirements from local manufacturing," Al-Mushki said in an interview with Al-Masirah TV on Saturday evening.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/18569/Al-Mushki-Military-Operations-in-Marib-to-Reach-Goals-Soon

Marib Battle Proceeding According to Plan

The Deputy Chief of the General Staff, Major General Ali Al-Mushki, said that the battle of Marib is proceeding according to the plans drawn for it, and the field performance is characterized by high professionalism and meticulous commitment to the established plans.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/18561/%C2%A0Marib-Battle-Proceeding-According-to-Plan

cp18 Kampf um Hodeidah / Hodeidah battle

Seit dem Abkommen von Stockholm vom 13. Dezember 2018 gibt es einen Waffenstillstand für Hodeidah. Zwar bleiben größere Offensiven aus, kleinere Gefechte gibt es aber laufend, und beide Seiten werfen sich ständig Verstöße gegen den Waffenstillstand vor.

Since the Stockholm Agreement of December 13, 2018, a ceasefire has been in place for Hodeidah. There are no major offensives, but smaller battles are going on and both sides constantly are accusing each other of violating the ceasefire.

(A K pS)

Film: A citizen was seriously injured due to a mine explosion left by the Houthis in Musage al-Khokha

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ny51OsQn1Y

(A K pH)

Saudi forces launch bombing raid on Hodeidah

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/03/28/saudi-forces-launch-bombing-raid-on-hodeidah/

(A K pH)

Daily violations, according to the Houthis

March 29: https://english.almasirah.net/post/18603/US-Saudi-Aggression-s-Daily-Update-for-Monday%2C-March.29.2021

March 28: https://english.almasirah.net/post/18579/US-Saudi-Aggression-s-Daily-Update-for-Monday%2C-March.28.2021

cp19 Sonstiges / Other

(A H)

Yemen pilgrimage draws crowds despite war, coronavirus

A site in Yemen revered as the tomb of Prophet Hud has drawn vast crowds of Muslim pilgrims, despite an escalation in fighting and coronavirus cases in the war-torn country.

Thousands flocked to the site -- known in Arabic as Qabr Nabi Hud -- for the four-day pilgrimage which precedes the holy fasting month of Ramadan, after last year's event was cancelled due to the pandemic.

In the Quran, Prophet Hud preached about the "one true God" during the pre-Islamic era to the Aad tribe, which lived in the border region between present-day Yemen, Oman and Saudi Arabia.

Most of the pilgrims today are from the city of Tarim, some 70 kilometres (45 miles) away, and follow Sufism -- a mystical branch of Islam.

Sufism is frowned upon by some ultraconservative elements of Islam, and Yemen's Sufis have in the past faced hostility from Sunni Islamist radicals.

But during this year's gathering on March 21-24 they streamed towards the usually uninhabited pilgrimage site, carrying green and red banners symbolising the colours of Islam, and singing Sufi songs.

https://www.france24.com/en/live-news/20210329-yemen-pilgrimage-draws-crowds-despite-war-coronavirus

Film: https://twitter.com/AFPar/status/1376922163052171269

(B H)

‘I’m a Yemeni trans man and my family want to kill me’

Yahyia Al-Zindani had to flee his homeland in fear of his life but continues to do all he can to support Yemen’s trans community

The years of abuse that Yahyia Al-Zindani suffered for being a trans man came to a boiling point on one traumatic night in August 2019. As he hid in his locked bedroom, he said his father screamed threats to murder him through the door. In fear of his life, that night he fled his homeland of Yemen.

Despite escaping his family, the shadow of threat still weighs heavily upon him. He has to live in hiding from fear of a so-called ‘honour’ killing. He is only 23 but feels like he has gone through “a million lifetimes of torture”.

https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/5050/im-a-yemeni-trans-man-and-my-family-want-to-kill-me/

(* B H)

The ‘helpers’: the Yemeni students doing homework for the Saudis

Amid war and a COVID-19 lockdown, some students in Yemen have found a new market, selling academic services to their wealthy neighbours

Yemen’s universities are absent from the Times Higher’s world university ranking, lagging behind their Saudi counterparts. But a group of Yemeni students have nonetheless found themselves working for the benefit of their neighbours. They offer services that include completing homework and essays, and even sitting in, long-distance, at exams. They are known as the ‘helpers’.

Ali Saleh (not his real name), a fourth-year undergraduate at the University of Sana’a, is among those who have resorted to this type of work while stuck at home amid the country’s war and the coronavirus pandemic. “I was asked to solve a physics exercise on behalf of a Saudi student. This was my first paid assignment, for a sum of 50 Saudi rials ($13). It was awarded full marks and I earned a good reputation as a provider of student services,” he said.

Saleh was subsequently hired, via a friend, by students at Jazan University in Saudi Arabia to complete a number of homework assignments in English. According to Saleh, Jazan is one of the leading sources for requests for help with assignments.

“This is a well-known phenomenon in many countries,” said Mohammed Abd Alwahab, a professor of communication in the media department at Sana’a University and a former head of department of journalism and media at Jazan. “But it’s more rampant amongst Gulf students given that they have access to money.”

The cheating did not originate with the COVID-19 pandemic, but it has greatly increased since March 2020, as education has moved online.

In Yemen, owing to the poor resources available to both students and universities, in addition to slow internet speeds, students have had to stay home without work or regular study, and were forced to look for new job opportunities. “My friend started two weeks before me when he received a request from a mechanical engineering student who had been in the business of facilitating this kind of work for Saudis for over two years,” said Saleh.

https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/north-africa-west-asia/the-helpers-the-yemeni-students-doing-homework-for-the-saudis/

(* B H)

Kultur im Jemen-Kunst als Form des Protests

Die Kulturszene des Jemens kämpft seit Jahren ums Überleben. Trotzdem finden die Kulturschaffenden Möglichkeiten sichtbar zu sein und den Menschen Hoffnung zu geben.

Seit Beginn des Jemen-Konflikts vor sechs Jahren schrumpft die Kulturszene immer mehr. Mittlerweile kämpft sie ums Überleben und die Kulturschaffenden bemühen sich, dass sie nicht gänzlich ausstirbt.

Huthi-Rebellen finden Kunst "westlich"

Die Huthi-Rebellen stehen Kultur und Kunst sehr kritisch gegenüber, da sie diese als "westlich" ansehen. Die Restriktionen für Kulturschaffende sind unter der Herrschaft der Rebellen immer stärker geworden. So müssen sich beispielsweise Maler um eine Erlaubnis zum Malen bemühen und genau erklären, was sie malen wollen, bevor sie diese erhalten.

Auch Fotografen und Filmemacher sind betroffen. Hadil Almowafak, wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin des Yemen Policy Centers erzählt:

Es ist wirklich gefährlich in den Straßen eine Kamera hochzuhalten, ohne direkt von der Miliz bedroht oder ins Gefängnis geworfen zu werden.

Das kulturelle Leben in den von der offiziell anerkannten Regierung geführten Bezirken gestaltet sich nicht weniger schwierig: Hier gibt es religiöse Gruppierungen, die sich aktiv gegen Kulturevents aussprechen und diese verhindern.

Street-Art wichtiger Teil der Kunst-Szene im Jemen

Die Kulturschaffenden bemühen sich trotz aller Restriktionen darum, gesehen zu werden. Der bekannte jemenitische Street-Art-Künstler Murad Subay beispielsweise initiierte die erste Street Art-Kampagne 2012: "Color the Walls of your street".

In vielen jemenitischen Städten sind Kinder, Frauen, Männer, Ältere und Jüngere und sogar Soldaten seinem Aufruf gefolgt und bemalten Häuserfassaden. Bis heute ist Street Art ein wichtiger Teil des kulturellen Schaffens im Jemen. "Die Menschen äußern sich zu politischen Themen durch ihre Kunst", weiß Almowafak.

Online-Magazin als Plattform für Kulturschaffende

Darüber hinaus hat sich eine Diskussionskultur, die im privaten stattfindet, etabliert. "Da man nicht öffentlich über die Politik sprechen kann, treffen sich die Menschen zum Khat 'kauen' - einer Alltagsdroge - in einem Haus, vergleichbar mit einer deutschen Bar, und diskutieren dann privat über politische und gesellschaftliche Themen", erklärt Alrubaidi.

Viele Kulturschaffende nutzen die digitalen Möglichkeiten, um weiterhin sichtbar zu sein und ihrer Kunst nachgehen zu können. Im Netz ist auch das Online-Magazin "Al Madaniya" zu finden.

https://www.zdf.de/nachrichten/panorama/kultur-kunst-jemen-100.html

(B H)

Rawiyah: A Story Told in Details on a Canvas

This video is about, a Yemeni artist who finds in her creative process a space to vent and depict the details that she sees. Rawiya mohammed’s art represents the deep desire of Yemenis for art that speaks to their hope for lives that the war has taken from them. This short video was filmed and edited by Mahmoud al-Maqtry as part of al-Madaniya Magazine’s video production work. You can follow Mahmoud’s work through his instagram account.

https://almadaniyamag.com/2021/03/08/rawiyah-yemeni-artists/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ibjSktcK3bU

Vorige / Previous:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-730-yemen-war-mosaic-730

Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 1-730 / Yemen War Mosaic 1-730:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose oder / or http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

Der saudische Luftkrieg im Bild / Saudi aerial war images:

(18 +, Nichts für Sensible!) / (18 +; Graphic!)

http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

http://yemenwarcrimes.blogspot.de/

http://www.yemenwar.info/

Liste aller Luftangriffe / and list of all air raids:

http://yemendataproject.org/data/

Untersuchung ausgewählter Luftangriffe durch Bellingcat / Bellingcat investigations of selected air raids:

https://yemen.bellingcat.com/

Untersuchungen von Angriffen, hunderte von Filmen / Investigations of attacks, hundreds of films:

https://yemeniarchive.org/en

14:55 30.03.2021
Dieser Beitrag gibt die Meinung des Autors wieder, nicht notwendigerweise die der Redaktion des Freitag.
Geschrieben von

Dietrich Klose

Vielfältig interessiert am aktuellen Geschehen, zur Zeit besonders: Ukraine, Russland, Jemen, Rolle der USA, Neoliberalismus, Ausbeutung der 3. Welt
Schreiber 0 Leser 22
Dietrich Klose

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