Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 766 - Yemen War Mosaic 766

Yemen Press Reader 766: 25. Okt. 2021: Herausforderungen für die UN-Vermittlung im Jemen – Die Rolle der Frauen im Friedensprozess im Jemen – Gerechtigkeit und positiver Frieden für den Jemen...
Bei diesem Beitrag handelt es sich um ein Blog aus der Freitag-Community

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

... Zivile Opfer des Huthi-Krieges in Marib – Film: Die Mütter der Entführten im Jemen –Tanker „Safer“: Eine Zeitbombe im Roten Meer – Die USA und das Atomabkommen mit dem Iran – und mehr

October 25, 2021: The challenges facing UN mediation in Yemen – The role of women in Yemen’s peace process – Justice and positive peace for Yemen – Civilian victims of Houthi war in Marib – Film: Abductees Mothers in Yemen (in German) – “Safer” tanker: A time bomb in the Red Sea – The US and the Iran Nuclear Deal – and more

Schwerpunkte / Key aspects

Kursiv: Siehe Teil 2 / In Italics: Look in part 2: https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-766b-yemen-war-mosaic-766b

Klassifizierung / Classification

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Coronavirus und Seuchen / Most important: Coronavirus and epidemics

cp2 Allgemein / General

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

cp6 Separatisten und Hadi-Regierung im Südjemen / Separatists and Hadi government in Southern Yemen

cp7 UNO und Friedensgespräche / UN and peace talks

cp8 Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

cp9 USA

cp9a USA-Iran Krise: Spannungen am Golf / US-Iran crisis: Tensions at the Gulf

cp10 Großbritannien / Great Britain

cp11 Deutschland / Germany

cp12 Andere Länder / Other countries

cp12a Katar-Krise / Qatar crisis

cp12b Sudan

cp13a Waffenhandel / Arms trade

cp13b Wirtschaft / Economy

cp15 Propaganda

cp16 Saudische Luftangriffe / Saudi air raids

cp17 Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

cp18 Kampf um Hodeidah / Hodeidah battle

cp19 Sonstiges / Other

Klassifizierung / Classification

***

**

*

(Kein Stern / No star)

? = Keine Einschatzung / No rating

A = Aktuell / Current news

B = Hintergrund / Background

C = Chronik / Chronicle

D = Details

E = Wirtschaft / Economy

H = Humanitäre Fragen / Humanitarian questions

K = Krieg / War

P = Politik / Politics

pH = Pro-Houthi

pS = Pro-Saudi

T = Terrorismus / Terrorism

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

Ältere einführende Artikel u. Überblicke für alle, die mit den Ereignissen im Jemen noch nicht vertraut sind, hier:

Yemen War: Older introductory articles, overviews, for those who are still unfamiliar with the Yemen war here:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-einfuehrende-artikel-u-ueberblicke

(A K)

2400 days of Yemen War

https://www.facebook.com/LivingInYemenOnTheEdge/posts/4519704381415890

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

(** B P)

The Challenges Facing UN Mediation in Yemen

The sequence of events suggests that Grundberg is trying to “change course.” At the end of his visit to Aden and on other occasions, he called for an inclusive political settlement in Yemen. However, will this “changing course” and the UN envoy’s mission be easy considering a lack of clear and tangible indications of imminent progress related to the political settlement? Grundberg’s first briefing to the UN Security Council on September 10, 2021, did not contradict predictions associated with the difficulty of his mission and the nature of challenges facing UN mediation in Yemen.

All indications suggest that Grundberg’s challenges as a mediator trying to establish peace in Yemen outweigh his chances of success. These challenges can be summarized as follows:

Overlapping issues

The prolonging of the Yemeni conflict makes it more complicated and even more susceptible to regional and international complexities. The prospects of war and peace in Yemen are no longer exclusively subject to the desires and interests of local parties. Instead, influential regional and international actors have their say on this issu

In recent months, observers have noticed a growing connection between the Yemeni peace process with the progress in talks on Iran’s nuclear issue and vice versa. Any escalation of conflict and regional competition between Iran and Saudi Arabia harms the prospects of resolving the conflict in Yemen. Over time, the Yemeni issue has also become a bargaining chip to achieve more regional and international power, influence, and status. The diplomatic stalemate as outlined below supports this argument:

First, a stumble in talks on Iran’s nuclear issue and declining expectations over the trajectory of Vienna talks.

Second, intermittent dialogue between Tehran and Riyadh suggests that everything is on hold, awaiting the outcome of the Vienna talks.

This overlapping situation and the co-related issues are bound to distract the new UN envoy. It will make his mission more difficult and test his ability to deal with all peace process dimensions and requirements.

The multitude of parties to the conflict

Except for the Geneva talks, most dialogues under UN auspices have focused on direct parties to the Yemeni conflict (the internationally recognized government and the Houthis). After previous rounds of talks stumbled, the political and military events underwent a dynamic change, and other powers looked to gain a foothold in Yemen’s future, there have been calls for an expansion of negotiations to include more parties. Those eager for a seat on the negotiating table include the Aidarous Al-Zubaidi-led Southern Transitional Council (STC) and the National Resistance Forces (NRF), which is located on the west coast and is led by Tareq Mohammad Abdullah Saleh.

Grundberg cannot ignore these elements and their interests, especially the prominent ones. This means that the UN envoy should dedicate more time, effort, and attention to look for mechanisms to ensure expanded political participation. He will have to involve these elements or at least consider their interests when deciding Yemen’s destiny and the future of its people.

The lack of interest in peace

One of the critical challenges that Grundberg should tackle is the lack of enthusiasm among local parties to reach a peace agreement. They continue to bet on the military option. Imposing the exclusion and status quo policy still dominates the conflicting parties’ mindset and approaches. This approach feeds on hostilities, creates mistrust, and suggests a lack of guarantees as part of the vision for a political settlement. It also has far-reaching ramifications on the political decision-making in Yemen.

Therefore, the UN must make significant efforts to dispel these convictions and mix incentives with measures. It must assure and pressurize and push and encourage the stakeholders to respond to the requirements of the peace process.

A waning international interest

There are several indications of a decline in the international community’s interest in the Yemeni issue. Since the highly significant visit of a delegation from Oman’s Palace Office to Sana’a in May, and Muscat’s attempts to intensify its diplomatic moves as a peace mediator, no tangible peace effort has been made.

UN mediation: Prospects of success

As previously stated, the chances of the UN mediation’s success under Hans Grundberg seem slim even though the new UN envoy for Yemen has shown resolve.

Grundberg’s experience and identity

Hans Grundberg’s profile suggests that he has a better experience of dealing with Yemen’s conflict and understands the nature of the struggle in the region compared to his predecessor, Martin Griffiths.

New domestic, regional, and global shifts

As explained earlier, transformations in the domestic, regional, and global dynamics can potentially affect the conflict in Yemen. At the domestic front, some key military or political shifts can drive internal and external actors alike to seek a new political formula in line with the new reality on the ground.

Conclusions

In light of the UN’s declining status and the limited role its envoy for Yemen can play, it is difficult for the fourth UN envoy to achieve outcomes different from his predecessors. The new UN envoy – who started his diplomatic moves accompanied by the US Special Envoy visiting Riyadh and Muscat – has no magical solution for Yemen’s seemingly intractable crisis. In his quest to achieve a breakthrough, Grundberg will depend on Yemen’s changing circumstances at local, regional, and global levels. Furthermore, he will probably depend on key influential actors such as the US that can exert more pressure on the parties to the conflict and pave the way to ensure the success of the new UN envoy’s mission and peace efforts in the war-torn country.

Undoubtedly, the new UN envoy is likely to face multiple and significant challenges in his mission. He will need to understand the nature and scale of these challenges fully and then employ skills, expertise, powers, and sources at his disposal to mobilize efforts and energies locally, regionally, and globally. He will be required to present a peace settlement formula. Such a formula should be based on new ideas and approaches as well as benefit from previous experiences.

It should also have the right mix of incentives and pressures on the parties to the conflict and provide a reasonable level of assurances on the status and future of various stakeholders in the country’s political process. It should also flexibly deal with the so-called “foundations and pillars of a political solution,” including the UNSC Resolution No. 2216. Focus also needs to be on the spirit of that resolution rather than on its stringent provisions as the resolution itself provides the flexibility required – provided there is a will – to develop multiple and appropriate mechanisms for the political settlement.

To this end, all stakeholders who support Yemen’s stability but are still captive to misconceptions should establish common ground offering more chances for a political dialogue. The UN envoy can effectively change the current path to peace and break new ground for an inclusive peace process. The task may seem extremely difficult to achieve but is not impossible – by EPC

https://epc.ae/index.php/topic/the-challenges-facing-un-mediation-in-yemen

(** B P)

ENGAGING WOMEN IN YEMEN’S PEACE PROCESS REQUIRES BETTER ALLIANCES

The traditional approach to Yemen’s peace process—in which armed groups meet behind closed doors to mold a ceasefire or a political agreement—has hit a dead end. For years now, many analysts have highlighted fundamental defects with the peace framework, including the outdated two-party approach between the Yemeni government and the Houthis.1 In his final speech as United Nations (UN) Special Envoy for Yemen, Martin Griffiths cited this absence of comprehensive peace talks as his main source of frustration in recent years.2 Currently, the UN is once again designing a nationwide ceasefire between the Yemeni government and the Houthis. But with the appointment of Hans Grundberg as the new UN Envoy for Yemen, there is hope that the organization will change its mediation approach and expand the peace process to include other critical actors. This current moment represents an important opportunity for women and civil society to bring their perspectives and experiences of conflict to the table.

The collective accomplishments and extensive experiences of Yemeni women as peacemakers and peacebuilders qualify them to be front and center in any and all processes that will shape Yemen’s future. These women have worked relentlessly to provide peace and stability to their respective communities. In addition to facilitating prisoner exchanges and opening humanitarian corridors, they continue to mediate local ceasefires and provide critical services to local populations. And yet, the essential contributions of Yemeni women to peace on the ground have yet to land them a seat at the formal negotiation table. Instead, their engagement with the formal peace process has been restricted to Track II informal consultations, often derisively referred to as forums for token representation.3 Furthermore, women and civil society working at the grassroots level (Track III) find it difficult to connect with actors at Track II and Track I of the peace process. This means that the current framework of the peace process fails to incorporate the needs and views of a broad constituency of Yemenis who are key to establishing a more locally resonant and sustainable peace.4

Currently, the Office of the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Yemen (OSESGY) is exploring new pathways for civil society actors to become more involved in the preparations for a ceasefire mechanism, which includes a temporary cessation of hostilities accompanied by humanitarian relief measures. Feeding into this process, in June 2021, the Yemen Policy Center (YPC) conducted consultations with 22 activists and women-led civil society organizations working at the grassroots level in Aden, Hadramout, Marib, Sana’a, and Taiz, as well as two women activists in the diaspora. These consultations identified challenges and opportunities for grassroots women’s engagement with the ceasefire negotiations at the different levels. To ensure the inclusivity of these processes, this research shows that improved alliances and partnerships between local state institutions and women’s groups (operating at various levels) are required. Connecting the different tracks can increase the engagement of women’s and civil society groups in the peace process—including in ceasefire negotiations—offering them the opportunity to enact a more influential role in the ceasefire implementation process.

The ceasefire negotiations present a good opportunity for the UN to deliver on its promises to ensure a more inclusive peace process.5 The research reveals that holding consultations with local women and civil society groups is paramount to understanding the various options for their involvement—so long as these engagements are meaningful and not simply box-ticking exercises. Research respondents warned against rushing these consultations and the whole ceasefire negotiation process to avoid creating a fragile ceasefire that would fail to hold up in the face of the weakest challenges. At the same time, they asserted that the OSESGY and other international actors (i.e. European Union member states, Security Council members) should apply pressure on Yemeni warring parties to open up the ceasefire negotiations to women and civil society groups. At a minimum, OSESGY should ensure that women and civil society groups are well informed about the ceasefire process and that their inputs can be channeled into the ceasefire negotiations and agreement – by Hadil al-Mowafak

https://www.yemenpolicy.org/engaging-women-in-yemens-peace-process-requires-better-alliances-and-networks/

(** B P)

PEACEMAKING UNDER BIDEN AFTER AFGHANISTAN: PATHS TO JUSTICE AND PEACE IN YEMEN

On September 28, 2021, the Yemen Policy Center held a panel event on ‘Peacemaking Under Biden After Afghanistan: Paths To Justice And Peace In Yemen’, moderated by YPC Research Fellow Ibrahim Jalal. Panelists: Baraa Shiban, Radhya al-Mutawakel, and Peter Salisbury.

The panelists looked at the Yemen conflict in light of recent events in Afghanistan, noting that US President Biden’s statement to ‘end wars’ to remake other countries inevitably has far-reaching and unconsidered consequences for many countries, including Yemen. In this context, the Houthis and other armed non-state actors are closely watching the consequences of US intervention in and subsequent withdrawal from Afghanistan, to seize new opportunities and secure gains. For Yemen to have peace and justice, there have to be strong and credible accountability measures through international mechanisms such as the Human Rights Council and the International Criminal Court.

US President Biden justified the US military withdrawal from Afghanistan, described by some as ‘chaotic’, with the words: “This decision about Afghanistan is not just about Afghanistan, it’s about ending an era of major military operations to remake other countries.” Since Biden took office, he has spent much time talking about the need to “end wars,” including the war in Yemen. Do these words represent the Biden Doctrine? And what does this mean for Yemen, a country that is currently ruled partly by non-state actors? At the same time, with the US being involved in peace-making in Yemen, what kind of peace is being pursued? With the country dominated by emboldened actors who do not care much for freedoms, women’s rights, and political inclusion, Yemen threatens to remain stuck in a cycle of violence. What policy shift is necessary to break this cycle?

As part of our Kaleidoscope project funded by the German Federal Foreign Office, YPC wants to reflect on the way peace is pursued in Yemen. Given that a new UN envoy is resuming mediation in Yemen, we want to discuss the risks associated with the “ending wars” discourse, while identifying pathways to a more sustainable and positive peace. Is the pursuit of justice the answer? And how can justice be pursued to ensure human rights abuses and war crimes are not repeated? How do the peace negotiations need to be restructured? And how can women’s rights and participation be secured in and under a peace deal? We will be joined by renowned experts in the fields of peacemaking and human rights in Yemen.

https://www.yemenpolicy.org/peacemaking-under-biden-after-afghanistan-paths-to-justice-and-peace-in-yemen/

Film: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dQvJw7SIztg&t=3s

(** B H K pS)

Marib..Civilians between Shelling and Mines

A Report Documenting the Victims of Missile and Artillery Shelling and the Remnants of the Houthi War on Marib during the Period from December 2014 to June 2021

Executive Summary

The report addresses the civilian casualties who were killed or wounded due to the excessive use by the Houthi militia of the most lethal weapons in its attack on Marib Governorate, including ballistic missiles, Katyusha rockets, drones, artillery shells, mines and improvised explosive devices, during the reporting period from (December 2014 to June 2021).

Where the field monitors of the Yemeni Coalition for Monitoring Human Rights Violation (Rasd Coalition) verified the Houthi militia’s responsibility for the killing and wounding of (2032) civilians, including (294) children, (132) women and (104) elderly men, through the deliberate targeting of populated neighborhoods and IDPs camps and a number of civilian objects that have been subjected to continuous missiles and artillery bombardment and drone attacks, as well as the planting of mines and IED networks in every place they have reached, and at the areas under the control of the legitimate government in the governorate.

The total number of dead civilians reached (667), including (91) children, (42) women and (36) elderly, while the number of wounded reached (1365) people, including (203) children, (90) women, and (68) elderly men, in Marib city - the governorate center, Serwah, Majzar, Harib, Madghal, Al-Jadaan, Marib Al-Wadi, Mahlia, Al-Abidiyah, Al-Juba, Raghwan, Rahba, districts, that witnessed or still witnessing confrontations between the Houthi militia backed by Iran and the legitimate government forces backed by the Arab coalition led by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1QRHeYG-V-1eZEGW5OpRPewhjDhsENd9q/view

If the link does not work, try https://twitter.com/ycmhrv/status/1451550606053806089

(** B H P)

Film: Jemen - Die Mütter der Entführten

Inmitten des Krieges in der jemenitischen Hauptstadt Sanaa - die Terrormiliz Al-Huthi hat die Gegend fest unter Kontrolle. Verschleppungen, Inhaftierungen und Folter männlicher Familienangehöriger sind an der Tagesordnung. Der Film folgt einer Untergrund-Organisation von Müttern und Ehefrauen, die sich seit 2016 gegen die Huthis stellt. Die Frauen gehen für die Freiheit ihrer Männer auf die Straße.

https://www.ardmediathek.de/video/junger-dokumentarfilm/jemen-die-muetter-der-entfuehrten/swr-fernsehen/Y3JpZDovL3N3ci5kZS9hZXgvbzE1NTAwODU/

(** B H K P)

Zeitbombe im Roten Meer

Forscher warnen vor humanitärer Katastrophe durch maroden Öltanker Safer

Mehr als nur eine Ölpest: Es ist nur eine Frage der Zeit, bis der vor der Küste des Jemen liegende Öltanker Safer leckschlägt oder auseinanderbricht. Sollte das passieren, wäre eine ökologische, humanitäre und medizinische Katastrophe die Folge, warnen nun Wissenschaftler. Denn eine Ölpest im Roten Meer würde die Trinkwasserversorgung des Jemen lahmlegen, die Luft verpesten und die Versorgung des Landes mit Hilfsgütern und Treibstoff blockieren.

Das Problem: Der Tanker hat 1,1 Millionen Barrel Erdöl an Bord – viermal mehr als die Exxon Valdez bei der Ölpest von 1989 in Alaska. Gleichzeitig zerfällt das Schiff zusehends. 2020 trat wegen eines Lecks Wasser in den Maschinenraum ein, das Feuerschutzsystem in kaputt und die Schiffswand rostet immer stärker. Schon im letzten Jahr warnte die UNO vor einer drohenden Ölpest, wenn der Tanker nicht schnellstmöglich leergepumpt. Doch die dazu begonnenen Verhandlungen zwischen den Huthi und der UN liegen bis auf weiteres auf Eis.

Wie dramatisch die Lage ist und welche katastrophalen Folgen ein Leck der Safer hätte, unterstreicht nun eine neue Studie von Forschern um Benjamin Huynh von der Stanford University. „Die meisten Menschen können sich gut ausmalen, wie schwer eine Ölpest die Umwelt treffen würde. Aber die Auswirkungen auf die öffentliche Gesundheit, vor allem in einem ohnehin in einer humanitären Krise steckenden Land wir dem Jemen, sind schwerer zu erfassen“, sagt Huynh.

Er und seine Kollegen haben daher mithilfe eines Modells untersucht, welche Auswirkungen ein Öllecks am Tanker über die rein ökologischen Konsequenzen hinaus für die Bevölkerung des Jemen und ihre Nachbarn hätte. Die Modellierung zeigt, dass sich das austretende Öl innerhalb weniger Tage entlang der gesamten Westküste des Jemen verteilen würde. Auch etwa die Hälfte der Küste von Eritrea wäre von einer massiven Ölpest betroffen.

„Drei Wochen nach dem Leck würde die Verseuchung im Süden den Hafen von Aden erreichen und auch die Küste von Saudi-Arabien treffen“, berichten die Forscher. Häfen und Entsalzungsanlagen in der gesamten Region müssten ihren Betrieb weitestgehend einstellen. „Die Ölpest und die darauf folgenden Hafenschließungen würden den Schiffstransport im gesamten Roten Meer unterbrehcen, viele Seetransporte müssen um Afrika herumgeleitet werden“, so das Team.

https://www.scinexx.de/news/geowissen/zeitbombe-im-roten-meer/ = https://www.focus.de/wissen/natur/oeltanker-safer-in-jemen-zeitbombe-im-roten-meer_id_24349383.html

(** B H P)

Public health impacts of an imminent Red Sea oil spill

Abstract

The possibility of a massive oil spill in the Red Sea is increasingly likely. The Safer, a deteriorating oil tanker containing 1.1 million barrels of oil, has been deserted near the coast of Yemen since 2015 and threatens environmental catastrophe to a country presently in a humanitarian crisis. Here, we model the immediate public health impacts of a simulated spill. We estimate that all of Yemen’s imported fuel through its key Red Sea ports would be disrupted and that the anticipated spill could disrupt clean-water supply equivalent to the daily use of 9.0–9.9 million people, food supply for 5.7–8.4 million people and 93–100% of Yemen’s Red Sea fisheries. We also estimate an increased risk of cardiovascular hospitalization from pollution ranging from 5.8 to 42.0% over the duration of the spill. The spill and its potentially disastrous impacts remain entirely preventable through offloading the oil. Our results stress the need for urgent action to avert this looming disaster.

Main

Since 2015, war and blockade in Yemen have made it the site of ‘the world’s worst humanitarian disaster.’1 A major consequence has been the abandonment of the Safer, a deteriorating oil tanker moored 4.8 nautical miles off the Red Sea coast of Yemen. Concerns of a massive spill have arisen as the Safer, designated out-of-class since 2016 and not maintained since the start of the conflict, continues to deteriorate. The Safer contains 1.1 million barrels of oil, more than four times the amount spilled in 1989 by the Exxon Valdez2. The prospective spill threatens to harm the environment, economy, and public health of the countries bordering the Red Sea.

The possibility of a spill is increasingly likely. The visibly dilapidated Safer is single-hulled, meaning a breach will cause the onboard oil to spill directly into the sea. Water entered the engine room in May 2020 through a seawater-pipe leak, and the vessel’s fire extinguishing system is non-operational3. A spill could occur due to a leak or combustion. A leak could arise through continued deterioration of the vessel’s hull or by breach of the hull due to inclement weather; combustion could occur through build-up of volatile gases aboard the vessel or direct attack on the vessel. Ansar-Allah (colloquially known as the Houthis), a political and armed movement in control of North Yemen, currently has access to the Safer. As of writing, negotiations between the United Nations and the Houthis to inspect and repair the Safer have stalled indefinitely, and no long-term solutions, such as offloading the oil, have been publicly proposed.

Yemen is particularly vulnerable to the anticipated spill due to reliance on major ports near the Safer, Hudaydah and Salif, through which 68% of humanitarian aid enters the country. In the event of port disruption, rerouting humanitarian aid would be logistically difficult due to regional instability, lack of capacity at other ports, and the ongoing blockade, which severely limits the entry of supplies4. Overall, Yemen imports 90–97% of its fuel and 90% of its food supply5. Over half of Yemen’s population depends on the humanitarian aid delivered at ports, with 18 million people requiring clean-water assistance and 16 million requiring food assistance1.

The anticipated spill also threatens the clean-water supply of the water-scarce Red Sea region. Oil could contaminate the desalination plants that are lined along the coast north of the Safer, thereby disrupting the clean-water supply to the region at large. For Yemen in particular, clean water is supplied mostly through groundwater pumps or water trucks, both of which require fuel. Previous fuel shortages caused by the blockade resulted in far-reaching public health impacts: for example, clean-water and sewage systems stopped operating, solid-waste collection was stalled, and electrical-grid disruptions led to blackouts affecting hospital operations, all of which contributed to a massive cholera outbreak in 20176.

Yemen’s fisheries, responsible for providing subsistence for 1.7 million people in the country, would also be threatened. Fishing was Yemen’s second largest export before conflict began and continues to provide a source of income and food security in a country on the brink of famine. The sector has substantially declined in recent years due to conflict and fuel shortages; a massive oil spill would devastate an industry already struggling to subsist7,8,9.

Pollution from the spill, whether by evaporation or smoke from combustion, can cause cardiovascular and respiratory health issues. F

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41893-021-00774-8

(** B P)

Revealed: Biden rejected way forward in Iran deal talks

The White House reportedly wouldn’t commit to staying in the deal for the remainder of the president’s term.

But new information obtained by Responsible Statecraft reveals that that impasse is not because of an Iranian sense of immunity to pressure, but largely because President Joe Biden refused to commit to keeping sanctions lifted on Iran for the rest of his term, even if Iran rejoins and complies with the nuclear deal.

A crucial turning point in the negotiations occurred earlier in May of this year. The Iranians had insisted on legally binding commitments that the United States would respect its signature and not re-quit the JCPOA, were it to be revived. Though the U.S. team found the Iranian demand understandable, it insisted it could not bind the hands of the next administration, nor guarantee that a future administration hostile to the JCPOA wouldn’t again abandon it.
But according to both Western and Iranian diplomats involved in the negotiations, the Iranians then lowered their demand and requested a commitment that Biden would simply commit to staying within the deal for the rest of his own term, granted that Iran also would remain in compliance. According to these sources, the U.S. negotiation team took the matter back to Washington but to the surprise of Tehran and others, the White House was not ready to make such a commitment, citing legal obstacles. Instead, it offered changes to the negotiating text that fell short of a legal commitment.

The White House did not respond to a request for comment.

The American response caused paralysis and divisions in Tehran right before the June presidential elections that have paved the way for the current impasse.

While U.S. negotiators have cast doubts on the centrality of the Iranian demand for measures that ensure American compliance, both European and Iranian diplomats insist it is by far the main sticking point for the Iranians. That message was reinforced last week during EU lead negotiator Enrique Mora’s visit to Tehran, where the Iranians raised this issue at least five times during the 4-hour long consultation on the JCPOA, though carefully avoiding using the term “guarantee.” Regrettably, from Washington’s standpoint, Iran’s new lead negotiator Ali Bagheri-Kani also emphasized that Tehran has shifted back its position, insisting that a three or four-year U.S. commitment no longer is sufficient.

EU diplomats recognize that the ease with which the United States can quit the agreement is a “serious and legitimate concern.” Tehran fears that the unreliability of the U.S. commitment to the JCPOA puts Iran in a very vulnerable position. By realigning with the JCPOA, Tehran will give up much of its nuclear leverage while Washington ostensibly lifts sanctions. However, sanctions relief will not lead to meaningful economic benefits for Iran unless Western companies feel confident about Washington’s longer-term fidelity to the agreement — which they do not. This would leave Iran giving up its leverage for nothing — particularly if Washington once again exits the deal.

Moreover, the unreliability of sanctions relief also creates expectation management problems for Tehran. As sanctions ostensibly are lifted, the Iranian public’s expectations of future growth increase, as do their dreams and aspirations for a brighter future. When the sanctions relief fails to live up to expectations — or worse, the United States reimposes sanctions — the Iranian economy takes a huge hit. Unmet expectations and shattered dreams prompt the government to rely on increasingly repressive tools to keep the discontent in check. American unreliability is simply destabilizing to Iran, making it prefer a stable albeit bad economy over the uncertainty of uncommitted American sanctions relief.

Biden’s aloof approach to this issue has aggravated a second sticking point: The U.S. demand that as soon as the JCPOA is restored, new negotiations should begin to make it “longer and stronger.” The U.S. side has correctly pointed out that it will also benefit the Iranian side to negotiate changes to the agreement, particularly mindful of Tehran’s frustration with the lack of mechanisms to ensure reliable sanctions relief.

But a stronger deal poses several problems for Tehran – by Trita Parsi

https://responsiblestatecraft.org/2021/10/20/revealed-how-biden-rejected-a-reasonable-way-forward-in-iran-deal-talks/

Film: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9U806y5kmn4

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Coronavirus und Seuchen / Most important: Coronavirus and epidemics

(* A H)

Corona Infections, Deaths Continue to Decline in Yemen as Third Wave Recedes

The number of infections and deaths caused by the Coronavirus (known also as COVID-19) in Yemen continued its remarkable decline today, Saturday.

The health authorities in the country monitored the continuous decline of the third wave of the pandemic in the country, which has continued for the third month.

The National Emergency Committee to confront the Coronavirus said that it recorded 12 new confirmed cases of COVID-19 in three provinces and three deaths, down from 15 cases and four deaths on Friday.

The committee of the internationally recognized government based in Aden, the status quo capital of Yemen, stated in a statement, that the total confirmed infections in the government-affiliated areas in the south and east of the country rose to 9,662 infections, of which 6,178 recovered, and there are still 1,646 active cases meanwhile, the death toll also rose to 1,838.

The actual numbers are believed to be much higher given the war’s restrictions on testing and reporting COVID-19.

https://see.news/corona-infections-deaths-continue-to-decline-in-yemen-as-third-wave-recedes/

(A H)

12 new cases of COVID-19 reported, 9,662 in total

The committee also reported in its statement the recovery of 33 coronavirus patients, in addition to the death of three others.

http://en.adenpress.news/news/33943

(* A H)

15 new cases of COVID-19 reported, 9,650 in total

The committee also reported in its statement the recovery of 2 coronavirus patients, in addition to the death of 4 others.

http://en.adenpress.news/news/33939

(* A H)

21 new cases of COVID-19 reported, 9,635 in total

The committee also reported in its statement the recovery of fifteen coronavirus patients, in addition to the death of 10 others.

http://en.adenpress.news/news/33934

(B H)

Only half a million people have received the Corona vaccine in Yemen

Yemen has so far received less than one million doses of vaccine, including 360,000 from AstraZeneca in March, and 151,000 from Johnson & Johnson in August.

https://middleeast.in-24.com/Coronavirus/332685.html

(* A H)

21 new cases of COVID-19 reported, 9,596 in total

The committee also reported in its statement the recovery of thirteen coronavirus patients, in addition to the death of 8 others.

http://en.adenpress.news/news/33925

(* A H)

19 new cases of coronavirus reported, 9,575 in total

he committee also reported in its statement the recovery of 31 coronavirus patients, in addition to the death of 6 others.

http://en.adenpress.news/news/33921

(* B H)

The polio retirees spending their golden years on the eradication trail

For many of the women and men who spent their careers fighting polio, retirement offers not rest and relaxation, but a continuation of their life’s work towards eradication. Across the Eastern Mediterranean Region, once and forever polio fighters are inspiring the next generation of eradicators with their commitment to the cause, and belief in the benefits of a polio-free future.

Meet some of the Region’s most beloved polio fighters as they look back on their careers and try to capture their unusual motivation to continue their quest, as long as it takes.

Dr Mohammed Hajar, Yemen

Yemen’s Dr Mohammad Hajar is one of the oldest, most veteran health professionals in Yemen, having served the health sector and combated infectious diseases, including polio, for around 50 years.

In 1977, Dr Hajar was one of the founders of Yemen’s expanded programme on immunization. He played a major role in planning and conducting the first-ever polio campaigns in the country, and he contributed substantially to setting up the epidemiological surveillance system for polio and other diseases.

“Even after reaching retirement age in 2009, I continued to work for the polio programme, which I consider as one of my sons. Until now, I follow up and evaluate the activities of the immunization programme and polio campaigns,” said Dr Hajar.

“I had the privilege of working with nine WHO representatives and more than ten ministers of health in Yemen to help Yemen reach a polio-free status.”

https://polioeradication.org/news-post/the-polio-retirees-spending-their-golden-years-on-the-eradication-trail/ = http://hub.ccouc.cuhk.edu.hk/news-and-info/yemen-polio-retirees-spending-their-golden-years-eradication-trail

(*B H)

WHO: Over 20m Yemenis are at risk of malaria

More than 20 million Yemenis are at risk of contracting malaria, at a time when only half of the country's health facilities are operating, the World Health Organisation (WHO) warned yesterday.

The WHO Yemen explained in a report that 20.4 million Yemenis live in areas at risk of malaria transmission, while it is estimated that about one million new cases of malaria plague the country every year.

In response to this risk, WHO is supporting volunteer health workers by providing rapid diagnostic tests and medicines, building capacity through basic training on malaria case detection and treatment, and educating communities on the importance of prevention.

While only half of the health facilities in Yemen are fully or even partially functioning, the operating facilities still lack qualified paid health staff, in addition to the scarcity of essential medicines and medical equipment," it said.

"As Yemen continues to be surrounded by outbreaks of malaria and other vector-borne diseases, it is critical to strengthen and scale up malaria control mechanisms and integrated vector management efforts in communities across the country," the report added

https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20211020-who-over-20m-yemenis-are-at-risk-of-malaria/

and WHO report: https://spark.adobe.com/page/QMsZ8zXQLI6yI/

cp2 Allgemein / General

(* A K P)

Interactive Map of Yemen War

https://yemen.liveuamap.com/

(* A K)

Yemen War Daily Map Updates

https://southfront.org/military-situation-in-yemen-on-october-24-2021-map-update/

https://southfront.org/military-situation-in-yemen-on-october-23-2021-map-update/

https://southfront.org/military-situation-in-yemen-on-october-21-2021-map-update/

https://southfront.org/military-situation-in-yemen-on-october-20-2021-map-update/

https://southfront.org/military-situation-in-yemen-on-october-19-2021-map-update/

(* B H K pH)

Entesaf: More than 13,000 killed and wounded during 2,400 days of Saudi-led aggression on Yemen

Entesaf Organization for Women and Child Rights confirmed that the number of children and women victims of the US-Saudi aggression in Yemen, during 2400 days, exceeded 13,199 .

A statistic issued by the organization indicated that the number of killed women and children amounted to 6,226, including 2,408 women, 3,818 children, while 6,979 others were injured , including 2,822 women and 4,157 children.

It mentioned the effects of the detention of fuel tankers by the US-Saudi piracy and their impact on the health sector, indicating that the lack of fuel threatens more than 1,500 hospitals and health centers. It also caused 400 blood banks and laboratories to stop, threatening the lives of thousands with death.

It also indicated that more than 5,200 patients with kidney failure are threatened with death, due to the acute shortage of fuel allocated to fifteen dialysis centers in a number of governorates.

The organization stated that 200 children born every day are facing inevitable death, in case of a complete lack of fuel for hospitals, medical centers, and the closure of hospital nurseries.

According to the statistic, nearly 200,000 diabetic patients who need insulin are suffering, as their drugs need proper cooling, in light of severe indications that their cooling devices are about to stop, due to the blockade.

Entesaf organization touched on the tragic situation of women and children, indicating that 1.2 million women suffer from malnutrition, more than eight thousand women die every year due to the blockade, and 600,000 children need fuel and nurseries to survive.

https://en.ypagency.net/241452/

(* B H K P)

Book: Yemen in Crisis

Autocracy, Neo-Liberalism and the Disintegration of a State

by Helen Lackner

Yemen is in the grip of its most severe crisis in years. The struggle for power in the Arab world's poorest but strategically vital nation has serious implications for the region and beyond. In this invaluable analysis, Helen Lackner uncovers the social and political conflicts that threaten the very survival of the state and its people. 'A superb book written by an outstanding author whose knowledge of Yemen is unparalleled… an indispensable guide.' Dr Noel Brehony CMG, former Chairman British-Yemeni Society; 'An outstanding book that provides answers to all of the questions raised by Yemen's many crises since 2011. Written with compassion and insight.' Eugene Rogan, University of Oxford; 'An eminently valuable account of Yemen's modern history and current travails.' Roger Owen, Harvard University

https://www.perlego.com/book/569373/yemen-in-crisis-autocracy-neoliberalism-and-the-disintegration-of-a-state-pdf

(B P)

Contemplations on Unification and Democracy in Yemen

Aus dem Buch Democratic Developments in Yemen

Ahmad Al-Wada’i

https://doi.org/10.1515/9783112402399-009

https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/9783112402399-009/html

(* B K P)

"The balance of power in Yemen could be changing"

The coalition has stepped up its airstrikes in recent weeks in Ma'rib province, where the Houthis are on the offensive. Elisabeth Kendall, researcher in Arabic and Islamic studies at Pembroke College, University of Oxford, takes stock.

Why is the Riyadh-led coalition stepping up its airstrikes in Ma'rib right now?

The coalition is stepping up strikes because of the imminent risk that the Houthis will take control of the resource-rich Ma'rib province and continue their advance south. This would have serious political, strategic, economic, humanitarian and symbolic implications.

Ma'rib is the last bastion in the north still in the hands of the internationally recognized Yemeni government, as well as the last major artery connecting Saudi Arabia to the southern territory controlled by the government.

What could be the impact on the balance of power on the ground?

The dramatic escalation of hostilities only exacerbates the already serious humanitarian crisis in the country, depriving families of housing and sanitation services, while they are also unable to access health care. food or medicine.

What would be the consequences for the peace process?

The escalation of the coalition is aimed at restraining the advance of the Houthis and increasing the pressure on them to agree to a ceasefire so that the peace process can begin. However, there is a risk that this recent escalation will instead galvanize the Houthis to step up their offensives while clinging to their preconditions for any ceasefire.

The dilemma for the coalition is that there have been no signs that the peace process could materialize through mediation, despite constant attempts. Thus, military escalation probably appeared to him as the only way to break the Houthi push and force them to come to the negotiating table. I'm not sure she succeeds.

https://www-lorientlejour-com.translate.goog/article/1278845/-le-rapport-de-forces-au-yemen-pourrait-etre-en-train-de-changer-.html?_x_tr_sl=fr&_x_tr_tl=en&_x_tr_hl=de&_x_tr_pto=nui

Original article: https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1278845/-le-rapport-de-forces-au-yemen-pourrait-etre-en-train-de-changer-.html

(* B K pH)

New detailed statistics show horrible cost of war on Yemen

The Eye of Humanity Center (Ain al-Insiyah Center) for Human Rights and Development has revealed on Thursday a statistic showing the crimes of the US-Saudi aggression during the past 2,400 days.

The center indicated in its statistics that the total number of civilian victims during the 2,400 days amounted to 44,221.

Of this number, there are 17,290 martyred Yemenis, including 4,270 children and 2,850 women.

Regarding the infrastructure, the statistics revealed that the aggression destroyed 15 airports, 16 ports, 312 stations and generators, 558 networks and communication stations, 2,542 tanks and water stations, 1,994 government facilities, and 5,749 roads and bridges.

The number of economic establishments destroyed by the US-Saudi-Emirati aggression reached 398 factories, 365 fuel tankers, 11,549 commercial establishments, 477 chicken and livestock farms, 8,483 means of transportation and 476 fishing boats.

It revealed that the number of service facilities affected by the aggression amounted to 946 food stores, 405 fuel stations, 689 markets, 884 food trucks, 579,954 civilian homes, 180 university facilities, 1,478 mosques, 371 tourist facilities, 392 hospitals and health facilities, 1,128 schools and educational facilities, 8,326 agricultural sites, 136 archaeological facilities, and 250 sports facilities.

https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2021/10/22/new-detailed-statistics-show-horrible-cost-of-war-on-yemen/

(A P)

The P5 heads of missions had a video call today with the governor of Marib, Sultan al-Arada, who briefed them on the dire humanitarian situation in the governorate. The P5 reiterate the need for the unconditional protection of civilians.

https://twitter.com/UKinYemen/status/1451174637015126017

and http://en.26sepnews.net/2021/10/22/marib-governor-reports-to-p5-ambassadors-to-yemen-about-situations-in-governorate/

(* B H K P)

Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen

For more than a decade, the Republic of Yemen has been torn apart by multiple armed conflicts involving both domestic militant groups and foreign states. The clashes have weakened Yemen’s central government and divided the country into various local power centers. The gradual disintegration of Yemen’s territorial integrity is of concern to the United States and other members of the international community.

The international community has not officially declared a famine in Yemen, however, food insecurity among much of the population is on the rise. According to the UN’s 2020 Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) for Yemen, 54% of the population (16.2 million) could experience high levels of acute food insecurity in the first half of 2021. Of this number, according to UN projections, about 11 million people are likely to be in a state of crisis (IPC Phase 3), 5 million in a state of emergency (IPC Phase 4), and 47,000 in a state of disaster (IPC Phase 3)[8].

Aid workers have long documented the many challenges of operating in Yemen, such as lack of access to areas in need of assistance. As Yemen has split into different centers of power, aid agencies have had to navigate among competing laws and regulations between the northern and southern regions of the country, and sometimes within individual governorates[9].

As the Houthi have become more entrenched in northern Yemen and placed key members of the movement in positions of power, restrictions on humanitarian aid agencies have become more onerous. Controlling and diverting aid is one way that Houthi forces, their partners, and other parties to the conflict use to fund their operations[1

https://warsawinstitute.org/humanitarian-crisis-yemen/

My comment: With anti-Houthi bias. By a pro-US Polsish think tank.

(A P)

Support to Yemen from countries with veto power in the UNSC

According to the statement made on the Twitter account of the United States Embassy in Yemen, the heads of missions of 5 countries (United States, Russia, England, France and China) with veto power in the UNSC held a video meeting with the Yemeni Prime Minister Muin Abdulmalik. .

According to the statement, the heads of mission, expressing their support for the Yemeni Prime Minister and the government’s efforts, demanded the full implementation of the Riyadh Agreement.

The mission chiefs also called for the government’s work to be facilitated to provide essential services and security in Yemen.

https://finance.berlince.net/2021/10/21/support-to-yemen-from-countries-with-veto-power-in-the-unsc/

(A P)

12 fishermen received after two years of detention by Saudi authorities

The General Authority for Fisheries in the Red Sea and the Fishermen’s Chamber for Emergency and Development in Hodeidah province received on Tuesday 12 fishermen after they were detained for more than two years by the Saudi authorities as part of their arbitrary practices against Yemeni fishermen.

According to the Central Maritime Fisheries Operations Room, the Saudi aggression forces assaulted the fishermen while they were practicing their fishing activity north of the island of "Katama" by about 20 nautical miles, and detained their boats on October 29, 2019, and took them to one of its prisons, and practiced the most horrific means of torture, killing one citizen, and continued to torture them further, in flagrant violation of all human norms, systems, and values.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3160998.htm

and also https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2021/10/20/twelve-yemeni-fishermen-released-after-two-years-of-illegal-saudi-captivity/

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

Siewhe / Look at cp1

(B H)

Yemen: Organizations' Monthly Presence (August 2021)

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-organizations-monthly-presence-august-2021

Yemen: Several Governorates Humanitarian Presence (3W) August 2021

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-amran-governorate-humanitarian-presence-3w-august-2021

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-al-bayda-governorate-humanitarian-presence-3w-august-2021

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-sana-governorate-humanitarian-presence-3w-august-2021

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-sana-city-governorate-humanitarian-presence-3w-august-2021

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-marib-governorate-humanitarian-presence-3w-august-2021

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-dhamar-governorate-humanitarian-presence-3w-august-2021

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-sadah-governorate-humanitarian-presence-3w-august-2021

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-al-jawf-governorate-humanitarian-presence-3w-august-2021

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-hajjah-governorate-humanitarian-presence-3w-august-2021

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-al-mahwit-governorate-humanitarian-presence-3w-august-2021

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-raymah-governorate-humanitarian-presence-3w-august-2021

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-al-hodeidah-governorate-humanitarian-presence-3w-august-2021

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-taiz-governorate-humanitarian-presence-3w-august-2021

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-turbah-sub-hub-humanitarian-presence-3w-august-2021

(B H P)

Yemen's humanitarian crisis deepens as country ‘collapses’, Swedish minister says

Yemen’s humanitarian crisis is worsening and several parts of the country are “collapsing” following a shortfall in international funding for aid agencies, Sweden's Minister for International Development and Co-operation said on Saturday.

This year's $3.85 billion aid response plan to what the UN has described as the world's largest humanitarian crisis fell short by more than $2bn.

The lack of funds forced some agencies to end operations in the country amid conflict and warnings of famine.

“Yemen is collapsing under our watch and we have to act on it, we need to call for immediate humanitarian access,” Per Olsson Fridh told The National during a visit to Dubai.

“We need to push for humanitarian access and show that we have reached those in need, to convince donor countries to contribute financially."

https://www.thenationalnews.com/gulf-news/2021/10/23/yemens-humanitarian-crisis-deepens-as-country-collapses-swedish-minister-says

(* B H)

Funded by World Food Program (WFP), General Food Assistance alleviates the suffering of more than 65,000 families in Lahj and Taiz governorates

HUMAN ACCESS, in partnership with WFP through General Food Assistance, was able to improve the nutritional status of about 65,567 families in the governorates of Taiz and Lahj, who benefited monthly from the project during the period from January to October 2021.

The project included three sub-projects, the first of which was the cash aid program for families "CBT", which targeted the districts of (Al-Hadd, Al-Madharibah, Al-Maqatirah, Al-Maflahi, Yafa'a Labous, Yahar, Tor Al-Baha, Al-Malah, Halmeen, and Habil Jabr) in Lahj Governorate, with a total number of monthly beneficiaries reaching 43,443 needy and displaced families.

The second project, within General Food Assistance, is the food vouchers project, which targeted Al-Qabbaitah district in Lahj governorate, benefiting 15,130 families.

The project aims to ensure food security for families without income, or those families headed by women or children, by disbursing food vouchers whereby a monthly food basket has been provided since the beginning of the year until now.

As for the third project, it is General Food Assistance, which targeted Sala district in Taiz governorate, benefiting 6,994 families, and aims to provide relief to the poorest and war-affected families through the distribution of monthly food baskets.

Life-saving and diverse

The family of Hajj Abdullah Ahmed is one of the families benefiting from General Food Assistance. Abdullah has a story of suffering that began with his displacement with his wife and two grandchildren to the Thaabat area of Taiz city. Abdullah is an old man who lives with his wife and grandchildren in one room that lacks the necessary furniture. Despite his old age, he had to work at a low daily wage to sustain his living.

However, this family's situation has changed dramatically after an assessment of the affected families was carried out. General Food Assistance targeted Hajj Abdullah and his family due to being considered a needy and displaced family, and because their access to food has become so difficult to obtain.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/funded-world-food-program-wfp-general-food-assistance-alleviates-suffering-more-65000

(B H)

Children are 'first victims of the conflict in Yemen'

Philippe Duamelle, UNICEF representative in Yemen, highlights the devastating toll of the war in Yemen, which has claimed the lives of at least 10,000 children since it started in 2015. He says that despite dwindling funds, UNICEF continues to work to respond to the needs of the conflict-hit Yemeni population.

According to UNICEF, the war in Yemen represents a convergence of four threats: a violent and protracted conflict, economic devastation, shattered services for every support system (health, nutrition, water and sanitation, protection and education), and a critically under-funded UN response.

In the face of the situation, UNICEF is trying to respond to the needs of the Yemeni population through a wide range of interventions. The UN agency’s job is not made any easier by the reduction in humanitarian funding at a time when the needs are expanding.

UNICEF needs “$235 million USD just to respond to the most urgent needs and continue life-saving interventions that will save children’s lives in the coming months, Duamelle said (with interview in Audio)

https://www.vaticannews.va/en/world/news/2021-10/yemen-conflict-children-war-unicef-interview-duamelle.html

(A H)

@YemenAid_US has published a scholarship form for Yemeni students abroad b/c of the current challenges they are facing due to government scholarships not being fulfilled on time. We received around 100 applications in 48 hours, and over 70% are going to be terminated from school

https://twitter.com/ToEducate/status/1451694315022004224

(B H)

Great effort by @MahraYouth to highlight the litter problem on al-Ghayda sea-front in east #Yemen. It's part of a broader #hygiene awareness campaign in collaboration with @PartnersYemen @PartnersGlobal

https://twitter.com/Dr_E_Kendall/status/1451536494636773377

referring to film: https://twitter.com/Dr_E_Kendall/status/1451536494636773377

(B H)

Film: The drivers of the #YemenCrisis – the conflict and economic decline – show no signs of abating. As a result, hunger is rising. This is pushing the families in #Yemen to resort to desperate measures like eating leaves to survive.

https://twitter.com/WFPYemen/status/1451509217840537610

(* B H)

Newborn babies struggle to survive in war-torn Yemen

You might think that injuries in war are about trauma: people become victims of bombs, gunshots or shelling. What many people don’t realise though, is that as well as physical harm, war also brings endless invisible misery. Al-Qanawis and the surrounding region is an example.

Every week, we admit dozens of newborn babies to the mother and child hospital supported by MSF in Al-Qanawis. Fighting for their lives, these children are victims of what this war has done to their country. The Hodeidah governorate has been one of the most active conflict zones in Yemen in the six years since the war began, but many of our patients come from remote villages located in desert-like regions, not from the frontline. They do not normally hear the sound of gunshots, airstrikes or shelling, but even so they feel they are at war every day.

As I speak to our patients, I come to understand that they lack access to healthcare, food, water, safe shelter and education. Many of them die due to diseases that are perfectly treatable and preventable if only they had access to a hospital with the necessary staff and medication.

As a result, the most severely affected people are the most vulnerable; children, pregnant women, elderly people, and people with chronic diseases. The first thing that a war does to a country is to burden its health system. In Yemen, the health infrastructure, which was already weak, has buckled under the extra weight.

The odyssey to reach healthcare

Wherever people live, they try to achieve the best life for their family. People don’t give up. In Yemen too, you find parents selling everything they have for a chance to send some of their children to another country in the hope that they will be able to lead a normal life, to access healthcare, get an education and find a job.

Lack of basic healthcare can be fatal

Complications owing to premature deliveries are the leading cause of death for newborns in this part of Yemen. There are multiple and various risk factors for low birth weight and preterm births; many of which are preventable or manageable with good antenatal care.

Risk factors include maternal ages – younger than 17 or older than 35 – short intervals between pregnancies, maternal malnutrition, multiple pregnancies, abnormalities of the fetus as well as maternal health problems like malaria, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, infections, among others. In Al-Qanawis, many mothers present with these risk factors. However, ensuring basic neonatal care can significantly reduce mortality and improve outcomes.

Witnessing this reality and realising how war impacts so many vulnerable people makes me wish there was more global awareness and consciousness about what is happening here. I wish our resources and our great human capabilities were used to save lives, instead of taking them.

https://www.msf.org/struggle-survival-newborn-babies-yemen = https://msf.org.uk/article/yemen-its-not-always-bullet-kills-people

(B H)

Without Access to Healthcare, People Will Be Far More at Risk

Back in 2016, constant clashes and armed conflicts, taking place in Taizz governorate, As Silw district in particular, have resulted in permanent closure to most of health facilities, including Al-Thawra health center which serves approximately a total of 10,385 individuals on a monthly basis. Since then, Al-Thawra health center has stopped operating to meet the health need of vulnerable people.

Without access to healthcare, many people will be far more at risk. Thanks to Yemen Humani-tarian Fund (YHF) for the continuous support which helps us provide vital aid to people in urgent need of healthcare. From January, 2021, RDP has constantly been supporting 5 health facilities (Al Thawra, Al Qatin, Al Akaysha, Al Faroog, Al Agsa) with primary health services and major rehabilitation works to make them functional again in As Silw district of Tiazz governorate.

RDP, through the emergency minimum service package project (MSP), ensured the full provision of essential healthcare services

http://hub.ccouc.cuhk.edu.hk/news-and-info/yemen-without-access-healthcare-people-will-be-far-more-risk = https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/without-access-healthcare-people-will-be-far-more-risk

(B H)

UNFPA Response in Yemen Situation Report Issue #2 July - September 2021

The humanitarian crisis in Yemen continues to deepen. More than 20 million people – about two-thirds of the population – need humanitarian assistance. The country situation, which is primarily driven by conflict and an economic blockade, has been exacerbated by COVID-19, heavy rains and flooding, escalating hostilities, currency collapse, decreased government capacity and access challenges.

Funding for the aid operation in Yemen remains limited. A side event during the U.N.
General Assembly raised approximately US$600 million in additional pledges. However, the 2021 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan, which seeks $3.85 billion to provide lifesaving humanitarian assistance and protection to 16.2 million people in need, was only 55 per cent funded by end September. UNFPA’s $100 million humanitarian appeal for 2021 remained funded at 41 percent by end September. UNFPA estimates that nearly 1.5 million women and girls will lose access to life-saving health and protection services in the next three months as funding dries up, forcing emergency relief operations to be dramatically scaled back at the same time as needs continue to grow.

By end September, UNFPA's response has reached nearly 2 million individuals with lifesaving reproductive health services

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/unfpa-response-yemen-situation-report-issue-2-july-september-2021

(* B H)

Yemen: “It’s not always a bullet that kills people”

Paediatrician Mónica Costeira is in Al-Qanawis, Yemen, where MSF runs a vital mother and child hospital treating patients otherwise cut off from care by the brutal civil war.

On the rooftop of the Médecins Sans Frontières / Doctors Without Borders (MSF) house in the city of Al-Qanawis, in the Hodeidah region of northwest Yemen, I look at the stars.

We all look up at the same sky, I think, but life is so different depending on your vantage point. Here, I am in a beautiful country with a very rich history. Now, it is being destroyed by war.

You might think that injuries in war are about trauma: people are victims of bombs, gunshots or shelling. What many people don’t realise is that war also brings endless invisible misery, as well as physical harm.

Al-Qanawis and the surrounding region is an example of this.

Every week, we admit dozens of newborn babies to the mother and child hospital supported by MSF in Al-Qanawis. Fighting for their lives, these children are victims of what this war has done to their country.

Buckled under the weight of war

The Hodeidah region has been one of the most active conflict zones in Yemen in the six years since the war began. However, many of our patients come from remote villages located in desert-like regions, not from the frontline.

They do not normally hear the sound of gunshots, airstrikes or shelling, but even so they feel they are at war every day.

As I speak to our patients, I come to understand that they lack access to healthcare, food, water, safe shelter and education.

Many people die due to diseases that are perfectly treatable and preventable if only they had access to a hospital with the necessary staff and medication.

As a result, the most severely affected people are the most vulnerable; children, pregnant women, elderly people, and people with chronic diseases.

The first thing that a war does to a country is to burden its healthcare system. A country like Yemen, with a health infrastructure that was already weak, has buckled under this extra weight.

Complications from premature births are the leading cause of death in newborns in this part of Yemen.

There are multiple and various risk factors that cause low birth weights and preterm births; many of which are preventable or manageable with good antenatal care.

Risk factors include a mother’s age being under 17 years old or over 35, short intervals between pregnancies, maternal malnutrition, multiple pregnancies, abnormalities of the foetus, and maternal health problems like malaria, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, infections, among others.

In Al-Qanawis, many mothers arrive with these risk factors. However, ensuring access to basic neonatal care can significantly reduce mortality and improve outcomes.

https://msf.org.uk/article/yemen-its-not-always-bullet-kills-people

(B H)

Film: let's remove the dirt from the streets, it's a shame Al Moadda Street, Hodeidah

https://twitter.com/baseem_aljenani/status/1450462790158794759

(* B K P)

Blick in die Hölle

Seit sieben Jahren herrscht im Jemen Bürgerkrieg, wobei dieses Wort die Dimension des Leids nur ungenügend wiedergibt. Bürgerkrieg im Jemen bedeutet: Menschen sterben, weil sie auf dem Weg zum Brunnen auf eine Mine treten. Ganze Familien werden ausgelöscht, weil Raketen ihre Häuser zerschmettern. Männer, Frauen und Kinder krepieren, weil sie keine Medikamente gegen Cholera, Diphtherie, Masern und natürlich erst recht keinen Impfstoff gegen Corona haben. Und noch viele, viele mehr erleiden den langsamen, grausamen Hungertod. Sie liegen entkräftet in Häusern oder notdürftigen Zelten und dämmern dem Ende entgegen. Und bevor das Ende kommt, kommen die Fliegen, die Würmer und die Parasiten. Der Tod ist allgegenwärtig im Jemen, Tag für Tag, seit sieben Jahren. Die Vereinten Nationen nennen es die schlimmste humanitäre Krise weltweit, aber der größte Teil der Welt nimmt kaum Notiz davon. Er schaut noch nicht einmal hin.

Es ist ein Desaster, und es wird nicht dadurch besser, dass es sich 5.000 Kilometer entfernt von uns abspielt. "Fest steht: Kinder hungern nicht, weil es keine Lebensmittel gibt. Sie hungern, weil ihre Familien sich keine Lebensmittel leisten können und weil Erwachsene einen Krieg führen, in dem Kinder die größten Verlierer sind“, sagt Unicef-Mitarbeiter James Elder, der soeben aus dem Krisenland zurückgekehrt ist. "Jemen ist der schlimmste Ort der Welt, um ein Kind zu sein. Es ist kaum zu glauben, doch die Situation der Kinder verschärft sich immer weiter."

Tagtäglich schwimmt der Nachrichtenstrom an uns vorbei, viele Neuigkeiten vergessen wir schnell. Beim Drama im Jemen sollte das anders sein. Es ist nicht so schwer, etwas zu tun. Man kann zum Beispiel Politikern die Frage stellen, warum sie nicht mehr gegen das himmelschreiende Leid unternehmen. Man kann Freunde und Bekannte darauf ansprechen und so ein öffentliches Bewusstsein schaffen.

https://www.t-online.de/nachrichten/id_91005200/tagesanbruch-jemen-krieg-ein-blick-in-die-hoelle.html

Mein Kommentar: Nein, das ist kein saudisch-iranischer Stellvertreterkrieg; das ist vielmehr einer der vielen schmutzigen Stellvertreterkriege des Westens.

und

(* B H K)

Mehr als 10.000 Kinder verwundet oder getötet

Seit März 2015 herrscht im Jemen Krieg. Die Zahl der minderjährigen Opfer hat laut dem Kinderhilfswerk der Uno nun einen »beschämenden Meilenstein« erreicht. Die Dunkelziffer dürfte noch höher sein.

Seit sechs Jahren befindet sich der Jemen im Bürgerkrieg. Nach Angaben des Uno-Kinderhilfswerks Unicef sind seit Beginn der Kämpfe im März 2015 mehr als 10.000 Minderjährige durch Kampfhandlungen getötet oder verwundet worden. Dies sei ein »beschämender Meilenstein«, so Unicef-Sprecher James Elder am Dienstag in Genf.

https://www.spiegel.de/ausland/jemen-laut-unicef-bisher-10-000-kinder-verwundet-oder-getoetet-a-6717d5d6-d3ae-423c-8247-7cd8bf55c170#ref=rss

und auch https://www.zeit.de/politik/ausland/2021-10/jemen-buergerkrieg-unicef-kinder-10000-verwundet-getoetet

(* B H K)

‘Shameful milestone’ in Yemen as 10,000 children killed or maimed since fighting began

"The Yemen conflict has just hit another shameful milestone: 10,000 children have been killed or maimed since fighting started in March 2015. That's the equivalent of four children every day.

"These are of course the cases the UN was able to verify. Many more child deaths and injuries go unrecorded, to all but those children's families.

"I returned yesterday from a mission that took me to both the north and south of Yemen. I met scores of children, many inspiring; all suffering. I met pediatricians, teachers, nurses -- all shared personal stories that mirror those of their country: they are on the brink of total collapse.

"Yemen's humanitarian crisis -- the world's worst - represents a tragic convergence of four threats: (1) A violent and protracted conflict, (2) economic devastation, (3) shattered services for every support system - that is, health, nutrition, water and sanitation, protection and education, (4) & a critically under-funded UN response.

"Let me share some more numbers:

4 out of every 5 children need humanitarian assistance. That's more than 11 million children;

400,000 children suffer from severe acute malnutrition;

More than two million children are out-of-school. Another four million are at risk of dropping out;

Two-thirds of teachers -- more than 170,000 -- have not received a regular salary for more than four years;

1.7 million children are now internally displaced because of the violence. As violence intensifies, particularly around Marib, more families are fleeing their homes;

A staggering 15 million people (more than half of whom are children -- 8.5 million) do not have access to safe water, sanitation, or hygiene.

"At the current funding levels, and without an end to fighting, UNICEF cannot reach all these children. There is no other way to say this -- without more international support, more children -- those who bear no responsibility for this crisis -- will die.

"And yet UNICEF is having an impact:

https://www.unicef.org/press-releases/shameful-milestone-yemen-10000-children-killed-or-maimed-fighting-began

and also https://news.un.org/en/story/2021/10/1103432

Film: https://news.yahoo.com/yemen-facing-worlds-worst-humanitarian-213011705.html

Media report: http://global.chinadaily.com.cn/a/202110/26/WS6177faa3a310cdd39bc716a0.html

(* B H)

Medical charity MSF treats thousands in war-torn Yemen

Medecins Sans Frontieres provided support to more than 3,200 Yemeni children suffering malnutrition

Around 6,400 injured Yemenis were treated in the first half of this year, international medical charity group, Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), said on Tuesday.

"In the first half of 2021, 6,407 people with injuries related to war and violence treated in MSF facilities in Yemen," MSF, also known as Doctors Without Borders, said on Twitter.

The group said it also provided support to more than 3,000 children in war-torn Yemen suffering malnutrition.

"In the first half of 2021, MSF treated 3,269 malnourished children under the age of five in facilities in Yemen," it added.

https://www.aa.com.tr/en/middle-east/medical-charity-msf-treats-thousands-in-war-torn-yemen/2396358

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

Siehe / Look at cp1

(* B H)

After fleeing fighting in Marib, displaced Yemenis await help

Iman Saleh Ali and her family left al-Jubah in the dead of night with only the clothes on their back to escape fighting between government forces and their Houthi foes, the second time they have been forced to do so in the battle for Yemen’s Marib.

With no means to afford accommodation, they now wait for assistance, huddled with 25 other families in a make-shift camp in Wadi Abida, east of Marib City, which is already home to hundreds of thousands of displaced Yemenis.

“We took nothing with us, not even a blanket. Just people escaping,” said the woman in her 50s. “We need beds, warm tents … until God answers our prayers and we can settle down.”

In the camp they have erected around the homes of relatives, young boys and girls help tighten the ropes of a tent as women collect twigs to cook meals. Children drink water from a shared metal bowl as flies swarm.

The United Nations says some 10,000 people were displaced last month alone by the fighting in Marib governorate, the internationally recognised government’s last northern stronghold. It is calling for a humanitarian corridor for aid.

U.N. humanitarian coordinator in Yemen David Gressly told Reuters that access has been most restricted to al-Abdiyah which houses some 35,000 people, but that they have now been given authorisation though security concerns remain.

Luckily, he said, food was distributed in coordination with the World Food Programme just before the fighting, which is exacerbating a humanitarian crisis in Yemen that has left millions on the verge of famine and 20 million needing help.

“We believe now the situation is more quiet and we should see greater access in the days to come,” Greesly said, but nonetheless calling for the humanitarian corridor to be agreed by the warring sides.

“We are forward-deploying into the area a lot of supplies, food, medicine but also rapid response kits that provide basic necessities for those who are displaced.” (with photos)

https://www.metro.us/after-fleeing-fighting-in/ = https://www.reuters.com/world/after-fleeing-fighting-marib-displaced-yemenis-await-help-2021-10-22

(* B H)

IOM Steps Up Help on Yemen’s West Coast as Clashes Heighten Desperation

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has ramped up its humanitarian assistance on Yemen's west coast where the needs of communities displaced by years of conflict are growing amid ongoing violence.

The Organization is also urging more help from donors and aid partners.

IOM's response is focusing primarily on the two governorates of Ta’iz and Hodeidah, where active frontlines continue to cause instability and force families to flee.

Since 2017, when mass displacement in the area began, tens of thousands of people have struggled to survive in protracted displacement in hard-to-reach areas where public services and humanitarian assistance are extremely limited.

“We were displaced here four years ago and we still feel unsafe from the bullets flying overhead,” said Aziza, a mother displaced in Khoka district. “There are seven families living in my small shelter. We can’t afford medical care or school costs. We need peace and we need to go back home.”

More than 17,000 displaced families are living in more than 140 displacement sites in the area, while ongoing fighting continues to provoke new waves of displacement. Most recently, clashes in eastern Al Tuhayta district have displaced more than 200 families westward to safer areas.

“As the needs of displaced communities on the west coast continue to mount, IOM is ramping up its response to thousands of people in need of urgent services, especially health care, water and sanitation, and shelter,” said Christa Rottensteiner, IOM Yemen Chief of Mission.

“We urge donors and other partners to commit more significant investments to ease the levels of desperation facing too many people on the west coast.”

As one of the few international humanitarian organizations operating in the area, IOM is implementing lifesaving interventions in 13 displacement sites, providing shelter, clean water, latrines, cash and essential relief items to thousands of families in need.

https://www.iom.int/news/iom-steps-help-yemens-west-coast-clashes-heighten-desperation

and also https://news.un.org/en/story/2021/10/1103522

Film: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tt7AiNvf6RE&t=12s

(A H P)

Efforts exerted to release Yemeni migrants in Polish detention

Ambassador of the Republic of Yemen to Warsaw, Poland, Merfat Mujalli talked on Monday, with the Head of Middle East Section of Polish Borders Guards Clara Jeviscka about the Yemeni nationals who have been trapped on the borders between Poland and Belarus.
According to the state news agency, Saba, the conversations aimed to ensure the safety of the Yemeni citizens and explore joint mechanism to secure their return to Yemen.
The Polish official stated that there are eight Yemeni nationals, all are men, there are no women or children, they are being held in the foreigners detention centers.

http://en.adenpress.news/news/33923

(B H)

UNHCR Yemen: Rapid Needs and Vulnerability Assessment Update (1 Jan 2021 – 30 Sep 2021)

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/unhcr-yemen-rapid-needs-and-vulnerability-assessment-update-1-jan-2021-30-sep-2021

(B H)

Yemen: UNHCR Operational Update, covering the period 12 - 21 October 2021

Over 5,000 Yemenis (800 families) have been forcibly displaced this week alone. Since the beginning of 2021, close to 80,000 Yemenis have been forced to flee their homes and seek shelter elsewhere across the country. UNHCR is concerned about recent developments in Marib governorate, where intensified clashes are steadily displacing hundreds of families. Blockages to humanitarian aid distributions are further depriving those most urgently in need from accessing critical assistance. Despite the deteriorating situation, UNHCR continues delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-unhcr-operational-update-covering-period-12-21-october-2021

(* B H)

Internal Displacement’s Impacts on Health in Yemen

By the end of 2020, there were more than 3.6 million people internally displaced by conflict in Yemen, in addition to 223,000 people displaced by disasters. This paper discusses the health risks faced by IDPs in Yemen, the effect of climate change on IDPs’ access to healthcare, and the impact of reduced humanitarian assistance on health responses. The paper includes a ‘spotlight’ on the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic for IDPs, drawing on the findings of an online survey, commissioned by IDMC, to investigate the impacts of COVID-19 on the health, livelihoods, housing, education and security of IDPs, IDP-returnees and non-displaced people in Yemen.

Main points:

Some of the highest levels of vulnerability to health risks are concentrated in IDP sites where few services are available. IDPs living in hosting sites (i.e. repurposed facilities such as schools and spontaneous informal settlements) are particularly vulnerable to disease outbreaks, food insecurity and acute malnutrition due to uncoordinated or unreliable provision of services. Diarrheal diseases are common due to lack of basic WASH services as well as flooding after heavy rains. Among children, diarrheal disease increases the risk of malnutrition, while malnutrition increases the risk of severe diarrheal disease and associated complications. Additionally, availability of treatments for non-communicable, chronic diseases and mental health issues has been disrupted.

Climate change is expected to increase the frequency of natural disasters, which negatively affect access to health care. Natural disasters (in particular, storms and floods) negatively affect access to health care by making roads impassable, isolating remote communities, destroying health facilities, and interrupting clean water supplies. They also disrupt economic activity, affecting the affordability of health services.

Shortfalls in humanitarian funding for Yemen have precipitated cuts to basic health, nutrition and WASH programs, amplifying the health risks faced by IDPs. Funding for the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan fell sharply from US$3.6 billion in 2019 (87 percent of the funding requirement) to US$2 billion in 2020 (59 percent of the funding requirement). Funding shortfalls necessitated cuts to health, nutrition and WASH programs, reducing the number of people reached with humanitarian assistance.

The COVID-19 pandemic has had particularly severe effects on the lives of IDPs

https://www.jointdatacenter.org/literature_review/internal-displacements-impacts-on-health-in-yemen/

(A H K)

Houthi Escalation Uproots 44,000 in Yemen’s Marib

The UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) confirmed that 44,000 people were displaced this year alone by the military escalation by the Iran-backed Houthi militias in Yemen. The uprooting continues as the government warns against the deteriorating situation in the Marib governorate’s west and south.

Around 4,000 families are stuck in Marib’s Abdiya district, where pro-government forces are fighting off Houthi militias.

https://english.aawsat.com/home/article/3254801/houthi-escalation-uproots-44000-yemen%E2%80%99s-marib

(B H)

Polens Wälder drohen zu einem neuen Massengrab zu werden

Immer mehr Flüchtlinge aus Nahost werden aus Belarus über die Grenze nach Polen geschleust. Tagelang hängen sie danach in polnischen Wäldern fest, bei Minustemperaturen und ohne ausreichende Versorgung. Reportage aus einem Sperrgebiet, das zum Massengrab werden könnte.

Idris und die anderen Jemeniten hängen seit Tagen in den Wäldern fest, sie sind unterkühlt. Vor einigen Stunden wurde etwas weiter nördlich, in der Nähe der Ortschaft Klimowka, die Leiche eines 24-jährigen Syrers gefunden. Auch Idris hat Angst. Aber er will weiter nach Deutschland, in „ein besseres Leben“, sagt er. (Bezahlschranke)

https://www.welt.de/politik/ausland/plus234587154/An-der-belarussisch-polnischen-Grenze-Zu-helfen-gilt-heutzutage-in-diesem-Land-als-illegaler-Akt.html

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

Siehe / Look at cp1

(A P)

Houthis storm the residences of deceased university doctors within Sana'a University campus and evict families by force/Mareb Press website

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-51763

(A)

Three people wounded as Houthi gunman opens fire on them in Ibb/Bawabati

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-51763

(A P)

Yemeni ambassador to Iran: Plots against Yemen of the past seven years have failed

https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2021/10/24/yemeni-ambassador-to-iran-plots-against-yemen-of-the-past-seven-years-have-failed/

Yemeni ambassador to Iran: Forces of tyranny seek to separate us from the message of the Prophet

https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2021/10/23/yemeni-ambassador-to-iran-forces-of-tyranny-seek-to-separate-us-from-the-message-of-the-prophet/

(* A K pS)

Big Houthi massacre in Dhamar: More than 100 people killed & injured in failed missile launch

A failed launch of a ballistic missile by the Houthi militia resulted in the deaths and injuries of 100 people and destruction of several houses south of [central Yemen's] Dhamar early today (Saturday) /Ababeel Net website

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-51763

and

(* A K pS)

Civilians feared dead as explosion hits Houthi base in Yemen city

Houthis had reportedly been using a police station in Thamar as a missile launching position

A large explosion rocked the site of a Houthi missile base in Thamar province, 138 kilometres south-east of Sanaa in Yemen, early on Sunday, causing civilian casualties and damaging local houses, an eyewitness told The National.

The blast caused damage to the populated district of Al Najda in Thamar city.

"The explosion occurred at a military base in the residential area of Al Najda, causing a large blaze with a plume of dark smoke over the residential area," he said.

Houthi militias have been using the police training centre in southern Thamar as a missile launch pad for years.

The explosion caused damage to many houses surrounding the base and caused civilian casualties.

"We heard the sirens of the ambulances rushing to the area, going back and forth to the public hospital in the city many times," the source said.

https://www.thenationalnews.com/gulf-news/2021/10/24/civilians-feared-dead-as-explosion-hits-houthi-base-in-yemen-city/

(* A P)

Abductees Mothers Association participates at seminar condemning violations of Houthi armed group against civilians in Marib as UN agencies do not fulfil their duties.

Abductees’ Mothers Association participated today (Oct. 19), along several other NGOs in Marib, at a seminar titled “The Effects and Violations of Bombing Civilians by Houthi Armed Group as UN Agencies Do Not Fulfil Their Duties.”

During the seminar, Ulfat Al-Refa’I, an association representative, spoke of the violations of Houthi armed group since 2016 as the association has documented the abduction of at least 8384 civilians, 1504 of whom have been forcibly disappeared and 1273 have been subjected to torture at detention centers. The association has, also, documented the murder of 65 abductees by torture, the death of 15 detainees due to intentional medical negligence, and the bombing of 188 abductees by airstrikes that targeted detention centers.

In her speech, the association representative talked about the effects of the war that led to arbitrary arrests and detentions on civilians, which in turn resulted in devastating all social segments including journalists, students, politicians, and activists, leading to the rapture of social fabric. Additionally, she highlighted the grave violations that occur during abductions such as; storming and surrounding houses using military vehicles, terrorizing and physically and verbally assaulting families, and financially extorting them in order to release their relatives.

Ulfat expressed the association condemnation of bombing civilians in Marib and the siege Houthi armed group had laid around Alabdyah district, Marib, which was faced by total silence from United Nations’ agencies.

Al-Refa’I called upon the United Nations to fulfil its duties by mounting the needed pressure on Houthis in order to stop their repeated violations against the civilians in Marib, relating to the necessity of generating the efforts to stop the war on Marib and end the siege of Alabdya district, pressuring to release all abducted a

http://ama-ye.org/index.php?no=1757&ln=En

(A P)

Yemeni MP Ahmed Saif Hashed has been subjected to incitement and threat campaigns over criticizing the corruption of successive authorities even amid the current civil war where law limits freedom of speech. Hashed has been defending the freedom of speech and human rights.

https://twitter.com/Naseh_Shaker/status/1452004611498385414

(A P)

Houthi supervisor Abu Haidar Jahaf shot a civilan after looting his land in the capital Sana’a today, according to relatives.

https://twitter.com/Alsakaniali/status/1451975910631092233

(A P)

Houthis execute a minor (17 y o Moheeb Sarhan), burn his dead body and dump it in the road and arrest his relatives in Taiz/Almashehad Alyemeni

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-51734

(A P)

Senior member of the Houthi militia Mohammed Almaqaleh criticizes own militia for starting a campaign of confiscating houses of oppositionists in Sana'a. He said things are out of control warning the militia: One day it will come back to you. /Almashehad Alkhaleeji

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-51734

(A P)

Houthis in Kharif district, #Yemen's north Amran, released convicts from prison after paying money days ago. Today gunmen stormed district's police dept, its Houthi director al-Emad injured & his guard killed. Houthi-held areas not heaven as some might think or Houthis claim

https://twitter.com/Alsakaniali/status/1451661115650412549

(A P)

Houthi official rules out political solution before ending foreign intervention

No political solution can be reached in Yemen before putting an end to the Saudi-led coalition intervention in the war-plagued country, Houthi deputy foreign minister tweeted on Thursday.
Foreign interference is a big obstruction before a Yemeni-Yemeni political solution, Hassan al-Eizzi added, arguing that the international negligence in this regard is a main reason behind the prolonged war.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-27439.html

(A P)

Houthi militia arrest 500 people in Abdiya

The Houthi militia have arrested 500 people in the recently captured Abdiya area, south of Marib. The militants are also continuing to storm houses and kidnap people./ Bawabati website

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-51687

(A P)

Senior Houthi militant Naseem Dahmash executes his pregnant wife in Otoma of Dhamar governorate, due to his drugs addiction./Aden Alghad website

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-51661

(A P)

Houthi militants shoot dead young man Abdulwahab Abdulbari for refusing to hang a picture of the militia's leader Abdulmalik Al-Houthi on his shop on the occasion of the Prophet's Birthday. The militia have terrorized and extorted everyone in Sana'a to hang the pictures, paint his shop green and pay religious taxes on the occasion/Multiple media outlets including Belqees TV channel.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-51661

(A P)

Millions of Yemenis celebrate on Prophet’s birthday anniversary

Millions of Yemenis gathered in the squares of the capital Sana'a and the provinces on the occasion of the Prophet’s birthday anniversary.

Despite the aggression and siege in Yemen, that there are large human torrents gone to the arenas of celebration unparalleled in the Islamic world.

The mass rally has witnessed a remarkable public and official attendance as the crowds began to flock to the arena since the early hours of the morning from various directorates of Sana’a, Amana, and the provinces.

The participants in the celebration squares raised banners and flags that reflected the role of Yemenis in supporting the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH).

The millions of crowds expressed joy on this great occasion... Affirming to the world that the Great Prophet Muhammad will remain the role model for the human nation.

The participants sent messages to the Saudi-led aggression forces that Yemen remains the strongest, dearest, and capable of confronting aggression by all available and possible means.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3160888.htm

Films: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ijoJk1ZKFW4

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nwHC22scIQ4

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jMuAHi6nr0w

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_mB8NEYnpLE

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZNxnKBH92c4

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S3lqiQKyy2A

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=49Rwuu5KZ5M

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N0Um3BFJ6Y8

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IMXIqLeCUXg

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I4gmJXcJz5k

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iUDXaaSEq-U

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6sukoKftX3Y

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1dLqNFa0Bgc

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-oDnsrKONgE

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t27aZ0K7Ijk

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YThFSFnx7pA

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=og093JgmXog

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iM17xtrKAoU

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8q7K0QCijJs

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-BhR2txp1Gw

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fPuRRQXRhhM

and

(A P)

Film: Speech of Mr. Abdul-Malik Badr Al-Din Al-Houthi on the occasion of the anniversary of the Prophet’s birthday

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ecYIfoiu__0

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SRadJdL3i8o

and

(A P)

Capital Sana'a witnesses mass rally on Prophet’s birthday anniversary

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3160887.htm

and

(A P)

A women's Mass rally held in Sana'a on Prophet’s birthday anniversary

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3160879.htm

cp6 Südjemen und Hadi-Regierung / Southern Yemen and Hadi-government

(* A K P)

New US forces illegally deployed in occupied eastern Yemen

American forces, reinforced with many military vehicles and weapons, have arrived on October 23 at the headquarters of the Coastal Defence Brigade in Qarat al-Faras area, located between Hadhramaut and Shabwah province in eastern Yemen.

The move came after Saudi Arabia transferred one of the brigades led by Adel al-Masabi, who had sacrificed hundreds of people from the southern Yemeni provinces in defending Saudi lands on the front, beyond the border, according to local sources.

The sources stated that the coalition established a training camp for the so-called Shabwah Elite mercenary militia, including mercenaries from foreign countries in the Qarat al-Faras area, with direct support from the UAE and Saudi Arabia, under the pretext of expelling the Islah Party (Yemeni branch of the Muslim Brotherhood) from the province.

The upcoming military operation is set to target the Islah authorities in the city of Ataq, the capital of Shabwah, before the three-month Saudi mediation deadline for the Emirati forces to leave Balhaf gas facility in the coastal Radhum district ends, the sources said.

The UAE, in coordination with Saudi Arabia, is seeking to replace the Islah forces that it used to ally with in the past, considering them to have become a threat to the UAE presence and its interests in both Shabwah in the coasts of Abyan province and the Gulf of Aden.

https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2021/10/24/new-us-forces-illegally-deployed-in-occupied-eastern-yemen/

(A T)

Major party leader shot dead in southwestern Yemen

Dhia al-Haq al-Ahdal was prominent leader of Al-Islah Party in city of Taiz

https://www.trtworld.com/middle-east/major-party-leader-shot-dead-in-southwestern-yemen-51004 = https://www.yenisafak.com/en/world/major-party-leader-shot-dead-in-southwestern-yemen-3582861

and also https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2021/10/23/muslim-brotherhood-leader-assassinated-in-taiz-city/

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-51733

(A E)

Fake Saudi money spread widely in Aden city

This week, fake foreign currency spread heavily on the streets of Aden, after dozens of exchange companies and shops were closed.

https://en.ypagency.net/241373/

(A P)

[Pro-separatist] Protesters accuse Shabwa governor of high treason

http://en.adenpress.news/news/33941

and also https://en.smanews.org/south-arabia/protest-in-shabwa-to-demand-speedy-rescue-of-the-governorate-from-the-militias-occupying-it/

and

(A P)

Anti-Houthi-Brotherhood Schemes Sit-in in Shabwa

Hundreds poured into Nisab district in the center of Shabwa governorate on Saturday, to join a sit-in that was held in protest against the Houthi-Muslim Brotherhood plan to occupy the territories of the oil-rich province.

http://en.adenpress.news/news/33942

(* B P)

Is There Hope Left for the Beleaguered Yemeni Government?

As Houthi power has been growing since 2015, the UN-recognized Yemeni government has become increasingly fragile. The recent loss of additional territory to the Houthis, mass protests in Taiz, Aden, and Hadramout, and the falling currency in government-controlled provinces have dealt it a triple blow.

Recent territorial losses indicate the government’s fragility.

Besides its military failure, the UN-backed government has also misfired with respect to the economy. Late last month, protesters took to the streets in the provinces of Aden and Taiz, demanding better government policies to deal with the deteriorating economy.

The presence of the government in Aden could possibly lead to a positive change, particularly in the economic sphere, as long as the southern separatists abstain from any military escalation or engage in any activities to obstruct its rule.

Another positive development for the UN-backed government was the visit to Aden of the new UN Special Envoy Hans Grundberg on October 5, where he met separately with both the Prime Minister and the head of the Southern Transitional Council (STC).

In the final analysis, the internationally recognized government in Yemen cannot subdue all its opponents in the country. If it is to remain a viable authority, solid UN support is needed. Such support would revitalize the role of the government and presumably enable state officials to execute their functions without intentional obstructive actions by local groups or regional interference.

Should the territorial losses persist at the same time as its continuing plummeting popularity, the government may well be eclipsed by darker forces.

https://insidearabia.com/is-there-hope-left-for-the-beleaguered-yemeni-government/

(* A K P)

New military sites and barracks have been established inside Al-Ghaydah International Airport by the British occupation forces. During the past two weeks, we have monitored the arrival of flights on a daily basis to the airport, transporting military equipment and British soldiers, in coordination with the Saudi occupation forces. #Hamid_Zabanout Head of the Sit-in Committee of the Shipping Directorate

https://twitter.com/hameed1zabnoot2/status/1451195923518787597

and

(* B K P)

Yemen’s Al Mahra Governorate: Locals Denounce UK Presence

Protesters say military bases violate nation’s sovereignty

Marshan says military units from many nationalities have been seen near the airport and that near-weekly flights from various nations land there. He adds that many of the governorate’s residents reject the foreign presence and consider it an occupation and a violation of Yemen’s sovereignty.

“Why are these forces present in Al Mahra, where there is no military activity which would call for this presence?” Marshan exclaims.

Al Mahra Governorate has not witnessed any military confrontations related to the Yemeni civil war.

British forces arrived at Al Ghaydah Airport in early August, activists say, to pursue those believed to have participated in the July 29 drone attack on the tanker Mercer Street off the coast of Oman, killing a Briton and a Romanian.

The US, UK, Israel and Romania accuse Iran of carrying out the attack on the vessel, which is Japanese-owned and managed by an Israeli-owned, London-based firm.

Mohammed Fouad, a member of Al Ghaydah Airport’s security team who spoke to The Media Line on condition of anonymity, says there are more than 50 British personnel there, and that they began to arrive in June-August.

Fouad adds that the number of UK troops doubled after the Mercer Street attack

The Mercer Street incident provided a justification for this presence.

“I do not think that this presence is welcomed in the governorate, not even by the official state institutions,” but only by the Saudis, says Fouad. It “occupies the governorate without a security justification,” he continues.

Dozens of Yemenis including Marshan have held demonstrations to denounce the foreign presence in Al Mahra Governorate, calling upon the British and Americans, as well as the Saudi-Emirati coalition, to leave and describing their presence as “the occupation.”

https://themedialine.org/by-region/yemens-al-mahra-governorate-locals-denounce-uk-presence/

(A T)

AQAP claims responsibility for abduction of Tarim preacher

http://en.adenpress.news/news/33924

(A E P)

Oil tanker arrives in occupied Shabwah province to loot over 82 million dollars worth of Yemeni petroleum

A crude oil tanker ship named Seascout has reportedly arrived at Bir Ali port in the occupied Shabwah province, with the goal of looting 950,000 barrels of crude oil, a source told Al-Masirah News.

The Seascout is preparing to carry nearly 105,000 tons of crude oil, equivalent to $82 million, or 104 billion riyals, the source said.

https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2021/10/20/oil-tanker-arrives-in-occupied-shabwah-province-to-loot-over-82-million-dollars-worth-of-yemeni-petroleum/

(A E P)

STC calls KSA, UAE, USA, UK to rescue Yemeni currency

Yemen's Southern Transitional Council (STC) on Monday called on Saudi Arabia, Emirates, US and Britain to intervene and stop the national currency's devaluation and resultant economic crisis.
At a meeting for its chairmanship in the Yemeni interim capital of Aden, the Emirati-backed STC called on the Yemeni government and Central Bank to curb economic decline and rial depreciation, and to provide people with services, the STC website said.
The meeting highlighted the need for "the government to return in full to Aden and quit unjustified absence of some members," according to the website.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-27412.html

(* B P)

UAE bringing in foreign labourers and Israeli tourists to illegally occupied Yemeni island of Socotra

The United Arab Emirates is prepared to send about 4,000 foreign tourists, most of them from the Zionist entity of “Israel”, to visit the Socotra island of Yemen, according to sources familiar with the matter.

The sources affirmed that the total number of reservations during the next two months with a tourism agency in Abu Dhabi exceeded 4,000 tourists of different nationalities.

The sources added that Emirati tourism agencies transport the Israeli visitors to Socotra on Emirati visas, without notifying the Saudi-backed exiled Hadi government. Yemen has never recognised the Zionist entity, and visits by Zionist settlers to Yemen are officially forbidden even by the Saudi-led puppet government.

The moves comes after the UAE brought about 150 foreign workers from Bangladesh, Afghanistan, Egypt and Uganda to work on a number of illegal Emirati military sites in the province.

The UAE forces have raised the flags of their country in Yemeni official institutions, in addition to establishing military and security points located on the island of Socotra, in an apparent move to colonise the island and prepare to officially secede it from Yemen.

https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2021/10/19/uae-bringing-in-foreign-labourers-and-israeli-tourists-to-illegally-occupied-yemeni-island-of-socotra/

and

(B P)

The tourists’ footage you are seeing in this clip is taking from a documentary about Socotra by @gamalalmliky The Company organizing tourism tour to #Socotra stated explicitly that they tourism visa they offer, "is not run by Yemeni embassy". and flight is only through Abu Dhabi

https://twitter.com/MansurSuliman/status/1450543153069559810

https://twitter.com/AJArabic/status/1450518172365430788

In case you thought the #UAE had in fact "left" the war in Yemen, here are its occupation forces unlawfully profiting from #Yemen's natural resources in #Socotra advertising them as a tourist destination...

"The separate rulers who control the island" are giving out visas to #Yemen's Socotra Island, completely bypassing the Yemeni government.

https://twitter.com/sarahleah1/status/1450544336735715333

(A P)

[Sanaa gov.] Yemen's Ministry of Tourism condemns Emirati destruction of Socotra island ecosystem

https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2021/10/20/yemens-ministry-of-tourism-condemns-emirati-destruction-of-socotra-island-ecosystem/

(A T)

Explosion damages storehouse of International Organisation for Migration in Aden

An improvised explosive device went off on Tuesday near the warehouses of the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) in the port city of Aden, southern Yemen, causing large damages to the storehouses.

https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2021/10/19/explosion-damages-storehouse-of-international-organisation-for-migration-in-aden/

(A P)

UAE official condemns Hadi puppet government as "unworthy of coalition support"

A senior UAE official has on Tuesday launched a verbal tirade against the Saudi-backed Hadi puppet government and allied Islah Party militias, right after the accelerating defeats of the Saudi-led coalition forces in Ma’rib province.

Abdul-Khaliq Abdullah, adviser to the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, accused the Hadi government and the Islah militias of “betraying the coalition forces in the battles taking part on the outskirts of the city of Ma’rib.”

The official said on Twitter that the “Hadi government and its affiliated forces do not deserve the generous military and financial support provided by the coalition countries.”

https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2021/10/19/uae-official-condemns-hadi-puppet-government-as-unworthy-of-coalition-support/

(A P)

People in Lahij protest against deteriorating living conditions

Hundreds of people took to streets of Yemen's southern province of Lahij to protest against deteriorating living conditions.

They burned tires and closed roads in Al-Hawtah district and demanded to address the crash of the national currency. The rial is trading at 1,400 per US dollar in government-controlled regions, compared with 215 before the war broke out in late 2014.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-27399.html

Fortsetzung / Sequel: cp7 – cp19

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-766b-yemen-war-mosaic-766b

Vorige / Previous:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-765-yemen-war-mosaic-765

Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 1-765 / Yemen War Mosaic 1-765:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose oder / or http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

Der saudische Luftkrieg im Bild / Saudi aerial war images:

(18 +, Nichts für Sensible!) / (18 +; Graphic!)

http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

http://yemenwarcrimes.blogspot.de/

http://www.yemenwar.info/

Liste aller Luftangriffe / and list of all air raids:

http://yemendataproject.org/data/

Untersuchung ausgewählter Luftangriffe durch Bellingcat / Bellingcat investigations of selected air raids:

https://yemen.bellingcat.com/

Untersuchungen von Angriffen, hunderte von Filmen / Investigations of attacks, hundreds of films:

https://yemeniarchive.org/en

Dieser Beitrag gibt die Meinung des Autors wieder, nicht notwendigerweise die der Redaktion des Freitag.
Geschrieben von

Dietrich Klose

Vielfältig interessiert am aktuellen Geschehen, zur Zeit besonders: Ukraine, Russland, Jemen, Rolle der USA, Neoliberalismus, Ausbeutung der 3. Welt
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Dietrich Klose

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