Krieg im Jemen: Neue Artikel zum Nachlesen 24

Jemen Weiter heftige Luftangriffe, viele Tote. ISIS-Selbstmordanschlag auf Moschee in Sanaa, 29 Tote. Internationale Charmeoffensive der Saudis. Hadi will Huthis vernichten.
Bei diesem Beitrag handelt es sich um ein Blog aus der Freitag-Community

Hungerhilfe

Mona – Yemen Organization for Humanitarian Relief and Development

Twitter Brought Fatik Al-Rodaini and Dr. R.S. Karim together, friends who had either experienced or seen poverty first hand to discuss about the situation in Yemen, the most impoverished country in the Middle East with 90% of their food being imported. With a single intent and single goal, an idea was concieved. An idea to somehow go around the current Blockade on Yemen and help people who are displaced by war. With that idea the #20ForYemen project was started on Twitter. Armed with relentless passion and the ability to focus on helping others Mona started operations.
The Project Spirit

The basic idea was to collect funds and send them to Fatik in Yemen who in turn sources and buys food locally and distributes it with the help of a volunteer team.
This is the only way to beat the complete air and naval blockade which is currently in place.
This idea has proven to be successful and we have so far managed to feed over 3000 Internally Displaced Families. However much more needs to be done.
What has been done so far?

In as little as 10 days Twitter responded and we raised $4200 enough to feed almost 150 families for a month. The food has been distributed. (See pictures in gallery) Between then and now we have already distributed food to over 3000 Internally displaced (IDP) families.
In August of 2015, DR. Karim presented the idea to Khalsa Aid A small UK charity with a BIG heart. Seeing the prior successes Mona had achieved, Khalsa Aid immediately agreed to contribute full funding to the project and the result was a resounding success, in collaboration we were able to feed hundreds of families (see pictures in gallery).
However the demand far exceeds the supply, Major charities fail to operate because of the blockade, and we are just creative enough to be able to find a way around it. 100% of the funding goes to food and medicine for the Internally displaced people (IDP). We depend on donations, Crowdfunding and custom designed Tee Shirt sales.

Latest Update: Mona just completed a critical aid mission in the governorate of Al Hodeidah on September 22, 2015. We were able to distribute monthly food supplies to 100's of families within the port city itself and all the surrounding districts. Due to funding restrictions we are only able to do so much.

During our mission have been able to witness the destruction and malnutrition at levels unseen before.

We are hopeful that with the support of our domors, we will be able to visit Al Hodeidah again for a similar mission as there are thousands of families still desperate for help.

http://monarelief.org/

Kommentar: Zwei Jemeniten vor Ort haben diese Organisation zur Verteilung von aus Spenden erworbenen Lebensmitteln aufgebaut.

Allgemein

23.9.2015 – Vocativ

Bombs In Yemen Kill, Injure Five Civilians For Every Armed Casualty

Airstrikes, tank shells and IEDs used by both sides in Yemen's ongoing war are wiping out an alarming number of innocent people, according to a new report

Innocent men, women and children are bearing the brunt of bomb blasts and other explosions that have rocked Yemen throughout its ferocious war, as nearly nine out of ten casualties have been civilians, a new report by an international monitoring group shows.

At least 5,200 people in the country were killed or maimed by airstrikes, tank shells and other explosive devices between January 1 and July 31, according to statistics compiled by Action on Armed Violence, a London-based organization that tracks incidents, deaths and injuries caused by such weapons. Among those casualties, civilians accounted for almost 4,500 of them, or roughly 86 percent.

Those figures mean that about 21 civilians have been killed or injured in Yemen each day since January, while daily casualties for armed fighters was just four. Action on Armed Violence also found that explosions killed or injured more civilians in Yemen, the Arab world’s poorest country, during the first seven months of 2015 than anywhere else in the world.

The report, which was published in conjunction with the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, offers one of the most comprehensive looks into the crushing toll Yemen’s conflict has had on innocent lives. It also lends new support to accusations by human rights monitors and other groups that the warring factions have battled indiscriminately, with little regard for local populations – by Shane Dixon Kavanaugh

http://www.vocativ.com/news/233860/bombs-in-yemen-kill-injure-five-civilians-for-every-armed-casualty/

22.9.2015 – IRIN

Over the past six months, as a Saudi Arabian-led coalition has bombed the city I call home, targeting Houthi rebels and breakaway parts of the military, I’ve been to dozens of bombsites. Even as a Yemeni, it is hard not to become desensitised. Every day I wake up to hear that 10 people were killed last night, or 20, or 40. It almost stops feeling real.

More than anything you focus on protecting those you care for. I am a journalist working in a war zone, but I am also a husband, a son and a father.

While I have stayed in Sana’a, I moved my family out to a village away from the airstrikes, so I don’t get to spend as much time with the children as I would like. “When will you take me to the park, Dad?” my five-year old son also asks me lovingly every week. The reply is always the same: “When the war stops.”

For those who have stayed, I warn them constantly not to go too near military sites or even government buildings to avoid getting caught in a strike. So I thought I had done everything I could to protect those I loved. Then came Friday night.

[his cousin is killed by an air raid]

The funeral was held in our village the next day, with Ahmed’s wife and three children in tow. But that night in the hospital, in some way I didn’t believe it was real. I needed to see his body to feel it, to understand.

Walking into the morgue, Ahmed’s body was lying on the ground next to at least five others. “Why don’t you put them in the freezers? “ I asked. “It is already full,” the doctor replied.

Seeing my shocked face, he said: “It seems this is the first time you have come here. We are in a war, we receive dozens every day.” – by Almigdad Mojalli

http://www.irinnews.org/report/102018/when-the-war-hits-home

22.9.2015 – MENA Rights Defenders Group

Human Rights Defenders in the MENA Region Call on UN Human Rights Council to Adopt a Resolution for the Establishment of a Fact-Finding Mission on Alleged Violations of All Parties to Conflict in Yemen

We, the signatories named below, are a group of human rights defenders in the Middle East and North Africa. We firmly believe in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and International human rights conventions, we seek through this framework to disseminate, promote and defend the values, principles and standards of human rights in the Middle East and North Africa and all countries of the world.

We express our utmost concern over a draft resolution, dated September 19, which the Arab Group at the United Nations Council for Human Rights presented for consideration regarding “Technical assistance and capacity-building for Yemen in the field of human rights”. The said draft resolution is at best one-sided and completely avoids calls to establish an international and neutral fact-finding commission to investigate thoroughly all allegations of violations of international humanitarian law and international human rights law committed by all parties to the conflict since September 2014 in Yemen.

Alleged violations and serious crimes include those committed by the Saudi-led Arab coalition, including the impact of air and sea blockade imposed by the coalition; Ansar Allah militia’s violations of both laws in addition to former president Ali Abdullah Saleh’s forces alleged crimes of war during military campaign against different Yemeni cities; alleged crimes committed by the anti Ansar Allah “Popular Pesistance” militia; and all allegations of child recruitment and forced participation in armed conflict.

Human Rights defenders in the Middle East and North Africa renew their call upon the Human Rights Council to immediately adopt an international mechanism to investigate human rights violations committed in Yemen by all parties to the conflict. This mechanism should be conducted in a manner that provides documentation of facts, collect and preserve information relating to alleged violations, and establish the identity of those responsible for committing them in order to ensure bringing them to justice in internationally recognized fair trials.

We also call on the Council to adopt a draft resolution presented by the Netherlands that includes an explicit call to establish a mechanism for an international inquiry into alleged war crimes and serious violations committed by all parties to the conflict in Yemen. We call on the Council to reject the one-sided draft resolution presented by the Arab Group as it significantly undermines international duty to investigate serious human rights violations and disregards the need for an international accountability for perpetrators of crimes.

http://rightscable.com/2015/09/22/human-rights-defenders-in-the-mena-region-call-on-un-human-rights-council-to-adopt-a-resolution-for-the-establishment-of-a-fact-finding-mission-on-alleged-violations-of-all-parties-to-conflict-in-yeme/

22.9.2015 – Middle East Eye

Starving civilians in Yemen wish for death to escape horrors of war

From the very start, the military campaign has had an unquestionably sectarian character to it. Saudi Arabia’s stated objective has been to roll back the gains secured by Zaidi Shia Houthis in the past year and reinstate the rule of Yemen’s deposed president, Abdu Mansour Hadi, who fled to Riyadh in March as the Houthi insurgency pursued him to the port city of Aden.

As in most conflicts, civilians caught in the middle have had to bear the brunt of the cost, with thousands falling victim to indiscriminate targeting - whether from coalition airstrikes or heavy weaponry shelling by the Houthis.

The coalition’s relentless bombing campaign continues to fuel popular anger and resentment against Saudi Arabia and its allies, including Western arms exporters such as the United States and the United Kingdom. The UK, in particular, has been one of the leading arms suppliers to Saudi Arabia, granting the kingdom 37 export military licenses since the beginning of its Yemeni campaign in March.

“The UK Government is quietly fuelling the Yemen conflict and exacerbating one of the world’s worst humanitarian crises, potentially in breach of both domestic and international laws on the sales of arms," Oxfam said in a statement earlier this month.

The legal framework governing the arms trade prohibits deals where there is a clear risk that weapons might be used to commit war crimes or human rights abuses. Human rights groups have accused the Saudi-led coalition of potential war crimes, pointing to a pattern of air strikes in civilian areas that included no obvious military targets.

Concerns over the effectiveness and rationale of the coaliton’s strategy extend beyond human rights considerations. Prior to the start of the campaign, the United States’ main fight in the region was its decade-long counter-terrorism effort against Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). However, many believe the current campaign has not only strengthened AQAP but also provided the catalyst for the emergence of an Islamic State group offshoot in Yemen.

Amidst the mayhem and desperation, there are sadly no indications things will improve anytime soon. The coalition forces and Hadi loyalists are currently conducting military training exercises in Marib, in preparation for a ground offensive on Sanaa. This presages dark days, possibly weeks or months, ahead for a population already facing calamitous food and medicine shortages – by Nawal Al-Maghafi

http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/starving-civilians-yemen-wish-death-escape-horrors-war-2009186171

23.9.2015 – Counterpunch

Yemen as Laboratory: Why is the West So Silent About This Savage War?

What is at stake in Yemen that far more systematic violations of the Geneva Conventions than in any of the recent wars which Western powers have supported in the Arab world (Iraq, Syria, Libya and Gaza) are met with resounding silence?

Yet as an Israeli Foreign Ministry official has pointed out, the principles of international humanitarian law systematically violated in Yemen are those invoked by UN bodies, governments, the Western media, and civil organisations when they charge Israel with the commission of war crimes in Gaza.

In other words, by its silence and support for Coalition bombing in Yemen, the international community completes the erasure of legal reference in war.

That is a big price to pay for success in a conflict seemingly so minor it receives virtually no press coverage.

How is the conflict explained to us? Spokesmen of Western governments state that a militia movement (Ansarallah) took over the capital forcing out the legitimate government. Thus, as upholders of ‘legitimacy,’ the UNSC (minus Russia) judged it vital to reinstate the earlier government, even though the bulk of the Yemeni national army came over to the side of the Ansarallah, itself with a substantial popular base in Sanaa and the north. This is evident. But rarely are we reminded that a year ago, under UN auspices a political agreement (‘Peace and National Participation’) was co-signed by the Ansarallah and other Yemeni parties, only for the UN representative to be fired, another appointed, political discussions with the Ansarallah movement terminated, and a military Coalition assembled to reinstate ‘legitimacy’ inside Yemen.

As the Coalition has gone on to destroy not only Yemen but law itself, surely continuing political negotiation would have been a lower price to pay?

Why was it not?

So what else is at stake that the Coalition has been left to bomb for six months to the sound of world silence?

Is it just money? Obviously Saudi Arabia (with more British airplanes than the British army) and the GCC can buy a lot of media, weapons, and people. Yet the support of the US, France and the UK to the Coalition goes beyond what money can buy, even today. So what else is at stake?

A tentative answer:

The Coalition is meant to be the first exercise of a GCC ‘rapid deployment force’ advised discreetly by Israeli and American officers. Such coordination in the attack of an Arab country is novel.

Yemen as a laboratory for new wars? It seems bizarre since, compared to Gaza, Yemen is far larger, intelligence mapping of the population far poorer, and there is still something of a ground army standing. But if one remembers how Yemen has served as a laboratory for US drones, including targeted assassination of a US citizen, perhaps it was so marketed.

Indeed there is something glossy about the way the war was sold to the GCC leaders (GCC minus Oman which refused to participate) even if we, the general public, haven’t seen the brochures. For the Emiratis it was to lead to ‘the City of Light’ (al-Noor Yemen) of booming commerce on the Indian Ocean and open to East Africa but subject to the management choices of Dubai. To the Saudi very much more was promised: unified control of ‘The Empty Quarter’ and its fabled unexploited quantities of oil and gas which the US guarded in the ground so long as the government was Yemeni; practice in making and unmaking societies and governments by precision bombing of a population dependent on food imports; and a victory so stunning, the Arabian Peninsula becoming effectively theirs, that peace with Israel could soon be publically celebrated – by Martha Munday

http://www.counterpunch.org/2015/09/23/yemen-as-laboratory-why-is-the-west-so-silent-about-this-savage-war/

22.9.2015 – Strategy Page

Überblick über die Ereignisse der letzten Woche

Yemen: Grinding Out An Expensive Victory

https://www.strategypage.com/qnd/yemen/articles/20150922.aspx

Humanitäre Lage

23.9.2015 – WHO

WHO responds to increasing health needs in Yemen as health facilities continue to shut down

WHO is delivering extensive health support in response to the crisis in Yemen, providing almost 200 tonnes of critical medical supplies and more than 745 000 litres of fuel to keep health services operational amidst intensifying fighting.

Yemen’s 6-month conflict has left thousands of people in need of treatment, caused extensive damage to health facilities, and fanned a dengue fever outbreak. WHO warns that the numbers of people needing health care are likely to increase. Numerous health facilities are on the verge of collapsing under the weight of the conflict.

“The situation is alarming,” says Dr Ahmed Shadoul, WHO Representative for Yemen. “ The health crisis is deepening as more health facilities run out of basic supplies and more hospitals and blood-transfusion centres stop functioning. Health facilities are operating at minimum capacity. These supplies are a crucial lifeline. Without support, many hospitals would close down preventing millions of people from accessing health."

The medicines that WHO has provided since early September include those used in supportive treatment for dengue fever; since March, more than 1600 cases of dengue fever have been reported in Taiz governorate.

To mitigate the spread of dengue, WHO, in coordination with national health authorities, successfully conducted indoor spraying to disrupt breeding grounds, despite reduced access in Taiz governorate. Heavy rains, stagnant rain water has resulted in increasing breeding sites for the mosquitos transmitting dengue. WHO is partnering with other organizations and local health authorities to distribute insecticide-treated mosquito nets, educate families on the causes of the diseases, conduct indoor spraying to disrupt breeding grounds and secure necessary laboratory supplies for medical facilities.

Amid increasing casualty numbers, WHO has supported 3 surgery sections in Zaid Hospital, Sana’a, with trauma and surgical kits. WHO continues to support 10 nutrition mobile clinics in Aden, Lahj, Hadramout and Hodeida governorates to diagnose and treat children aged 6 months to 5 years.

As part of keeping routine primary health care services functional, WHO and partners launched last Saturday a second round of integrated outreach activities, including immunization services, integrated management of childhood illness, reproductive health and nutrition services, and treatment of conditions such as raised blood pressure and the common cold. More than 300 000 children under aged under one year are expected to be reached.

“These tasks are not easily accomplished in the midst of relentless violence. We need protection and safety for all people working to provide health care,” adds Dr Ahmed Shadoul.

http://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/who-responds-increasing-health-needs-yemen-health-facilities-continue-shut-down

22.9.2015 – EPO

Jemen: Reiche Länder mitverantwortlich für Leid der Zivilbevölkerung

So sind Oxfam zufolge bislang lediglich 38 Prozent der 1,6 Milliarden US-Dollar zusammengekommen, die laut UNO für die am stärksten gefährdeten 11,7 Millionen Menschen im Jemen an Nothilfe nötig sind. Nach Oxfam-Berechnungen hat Deutschland bislang nur umgerechnet 44,4 Millionen US Dollar eingezahlt. Das entspreche 55 Prozent des Anteils, der seiner Wirtschaftskraft angemessen wäre. Andere Geberstaaten wie die USA (44 Prozent ihres gerechten Anteils) hätten sogar noch weniger Mittel zur Verfügung gestellt.

"Dies steht im krassen Widerspruch zu den lukrativen Rüstungsgeschäften, die diese Länder mit den kriegführenden Parteien abgeschlossen haben", urteilt die Entwicklungsorganisation. Deutsche Rüstungsunternehmen hätten seit 1999 allein an das Königreich Saudi-Arabien Panzerfahrzeuge, Gewehre, Munition und andere Rüstungsgüter im Gesamtwert von rund 2,8 Milliarden Euro geliefert. Auch nach Beginn der saudisch geführten Militärintervention im Jemen Ende März habe die Bundesregierung noch Rüstungsexporte an Saudi-Arabien genehmigt, allein im April im Wert von 12,9 Millionen Euro.

Robert Lindner, Referent für humanitäre Krisen bei Oxfam Deutschland, erklärte: "Die internationale Reaktion auf die Krise ist beschämend. Auch reiche Länder wie Deutschland tragen eine Mitverantwortung für das Leid der Zivilbevölkerung. Regierungsvertreter sollten diese Woche bei der UN-Generalversammlung in New York ein sofortiges Waffen-Embargo gegen alle Kriegsparteien im Jemen beschließen. Ebenso müssen sie die Aufhebung der von der saudisch geführten Militärkoalition verhängten Versorgungsblockade einfordern und endlich die internationale Nothilfe ausreichend finanzieren."

Bereits im Juli hatte Oxfam in einem Hintergrundpapier auf die dramatische Situation der Zivilbevölkerung im Jemen hingewiesen. Demnach hungern 13 Millionen Menschen – die Hälfte der Bevölkerung. Wenn sich die Versorgungslage nicht entscheidend verbessere, drohe jeder Zweite von ihnen zu verhungern. Im August konnten aufgrund der Blockade lediglich 12 Prozent des benötigten Treibstoffs und 44 Prozent der benötigten Weizenmenge eingeführt werden.

"Vertriebene Familien im Jemen müssen ihre Kleidung benutzen, um Zelte zu errichten, Kinder suchen in Höhlen Zuflucht vor den Kämpfen", sagte Sajjad Mohammad Sajid, Oxfam-Landesdirektor im Jemen. "Die Staatengemeinschaft vermittelt den Jemenitinnen und Jemeniten derzeit den Eindruck, dass für sie Waffenlieferungen und Krieg Vorrang haben vor dem Leben der Millionen Not leidenden Menschen."

http://www.epo.de/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=11887:jemen-reiche-laender-mitverantwortlich-fuer-leid-der-zivilbevoelkerung&catid=30&Itemid=72

Kriegsereignisse

23.9.2015 – Al Masira TV

Huthi-nahe Medien zeigen immer wieder Bilder und Filme von Vorstößen der Huthis auf saudisches Gebiet, erbeutete und vernichtete Panzerfahrzeuge der Saudis und ihrer Verbündeten, gefangene saudische Soldaten. Hier ein Film:

http://www.liveleak.com/view?i=62c_1443019069

23.9.2015 – Press TV Iran

Eight civilians killed in new Saudi airstrikes on western Yemen

Nearly a dozen civilians have lost their lives in three Saudi airstrikes against Yemen’s western province of Hajjah.

On Wednesday, Saudi fighter jets bombarded a residential neighborhood in the Sharas district of the province, located 127 kilometers (78 miles) northwest of the capital, Sana’a, leaving eight people dead.

Saudi warplanes also launched several airstrikes against a building housing the state-run television network north of Sana’a. There were no immediate reports of casualties and the extent of the damage inflicted.

http://www.presstv.com/Detail/2015/09/23/430379/Yemen-Saudi-airstrikes-Sharas-Hajjah-civilians-casualties

22.9.2015 – Iran German Radio

Jemen: 40 Tote bei saudischen Luftangriffen in Haddscha

Bei der Bombardierung von Wohngebieten durch die saudischen Kampfflugzeuge in der Provinz Haddscha im Westen Jemens sind am Montag 40 Menschen, darunter Kinder und Frauen, getötet worden. Die saudi-arabischen Luftangriffe auf einen Markt und ein Gesundheitszentrum in der nördlichen Provinz Saada und in der Hauptstadt Sanaa hinterließen mehrere Tote und Verletzte.

http://german.irib.ir/nachrichten/nahost/item/290340-jemen-40-tote-bei-saudischen-luftangriffen-in-haddscha = http://newsfisher.io/article/5z5PTFPtCfGo889Tu

„Präsident“ Hadi

24.9.2015 – Eurasian News

Jemen: Präsident Hadi kündigt „baldige Vernichtung“ der Huthi-Milizen an

Der jemenitische Präsident Abdrabbu Mansour Hadi hat in einer Fernsehansprache mitgeteilt, dass „das Ende der [pro-iranischen] Huthi bald kommen“ werde. Aktuell kämpfen Hadi-treue Milizen gemeinsam mit Soldaten diverser Golfstaaten, angeführt durch Saudi-Arabien, gegen die Huthis.

Die Zeit nach seiner Rückkehr aus dem sechsmonatigen Exil in die Hafenstadt Aden hat Hadi dafür genutzt, um der kriegsgeschüttelten Bevölkerung zum islamischen Opferfest, Eid al-Adha, zu gratulieren. Ziel ist es, Jemen Stabilität zu suggerieren.

Zugleich griff der jemenitische Präsident die Huthi-Milizen und den mit diesen verbündeten Ex-Präsidenten Ali Abdullah Salih rhetorisch an. Er unterstellte, dass die Rebellen „einen ungerechten Krieg in einer Vielzahl von Provinzen führen, welcher dazu führte, dass unzählige unschuldige Menschen starben sowie zivile und staatliche Strukturen zerstört wurden, wegen des [Huthi]-Putsches.“

Er betonte, dass die Huthis jüngst „in zahlreichen Schlachten besiegt wurden und schon bald vernichtet werden – um jeden Preis“.

Hadi glaubt, dass das zeitliche Zusammentreffen des Opferfestes mit den Siegen seiner Truppen ein besonderes Zeichen für den endgültig nahenden Sieg über die pro-iranischen Rebellen sei.

http://eurasianews.de/blog/jemen-praesident-hadi-kuendigt-baldige-vernichtung-der-huthi-milizen-an/

24.9.2015 – Blick

Jemens Präsident verspricht Sieg über Huthi-Rebellen

Einen Tag nach seiner Rückkehr aus dem Exil hat sich der jemenitische Präsident Abed Rabbo Mansur Hadi in einer Fernsehansprache siegesgewiss gegeben. «Das Ende der Milizen der Huthi-Rebellen steht bevor», sagte er am Mittwoch. Sie würden bald «eliminiert». Hadi kündigte zugleich die Rückeroberung der Hauptstadt Sanaa an. http://www.blick.ch/news/ausland/jemen-jemens-praesident-verspricht-sieg-ueber-huthi-rebellen-id4197274.html

24.9.2015 – Al Arabiya

Hadi: End of Houthis in Yemen ‘will come soon’

Yemeni president Abdrabbu Mansour Hadi has said that the “end of the Houthis will come soon” in a televised speech on Wednesday night.

Hadi also used his speech to address the Yemeni people on the occasion of Eid al-Adha, which comes two days after his return to Aden since six month in exile.

The Yemeni President also attacked Houthi militias and former deposed president Ali Abdullah Saleh for “waging an unjust war in a number of governorates that have killed scores of innocent people and destroyed civil and state instructions because of their coup.”

He also stressed that they "are being defeated one battle at a time in various fronts and will soon be eliminated at whatever costs."

http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/middle-east/2015/09/24/Yemen-s-President-End-of-Houthis-will-come-soon-.html

Kommentar: Er setzt eindeutig auf die Lösung “Militärischer Sieg” („End of Houthis in Yemen ‘will come soon’“), Verhandlungen schlägt er mit dieser Aussage definitiv aus. Der Vorwurf an seine Gegner, sie führten „an unjust war that have killed scores of innocent people and destroyed civil and state instructions” ist angesichts des saudischen Luftkriegs ein Witz.

22.9.2015 – Tagesschau

Präsident Hadi aus dem Exil zurückgehrt

Nach sechs Monaten im saudiarabischen Exil ist der jemenitische Staatsschef Abd Rabbo Mansur Hadi in sein Land zurückgekehrt. Hadi sei in der südlichen Hafenstadt Aden angekommen, hieß es von Sicherheitskräften am dortigen Flughafen. Hadi war Anfang des Jahres vor den Huthi-Rebellen aus der Hauptstadt Sanaa nach Aden geflohen, bevor er Ende März angesichts der heranrückenden Aufständischen nach Saudi-Arabien floh.

Obwohl Hadi nur noch begrenzte Kontrolle über den Jemen hat, wird er von der Staatengemeinschaft weiter als legitimer Präsident anerkannt. Aden soll nun als vorläufige Hauptstadt dienen, bis die Huthis auch aus Sanaa gedrängt werden. Hadis Kabinett war bereits vergangene Woche in Aden eingetroffen.

Ein Regierungsmitarbeiter erklärte, Hadi wolle einen anstehenden muslimischen Feiertag in Aden verbringen und dann nach New York fliegen, um vor den Vereinten Nationen eine Rede zu halten.

http://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/jemen-hadi-101.html

22.9.2015 – AFP

President returns to war-torn Yemen, vows to retake capital

President Abedrabbo Mansour Hadi flew in to war-ravaged Yemen's second city Tuesday after six months in exile in Saudi Arabia, vowing to make a rapid return to the rebel-held capital.

Hadi, who is recognised by the international community, arrived in Aden aboard a Saudi military aircraft that landed at an airbase adjoining the civilian airport in the southern port city.

He promised a rapid return to Sanaa.

"The return to the capital Sanaa will come soon after the liberation of all cities and provinces," from the hands of militias, he said in a statement.

In the immediate near term, the presidency said Hadi would remain in Aden for a few days before heading to New York to attend the UN General Assembly.

http://news.yahoo.com/yemen-president-returns-aden-six-month-exile-153212869.html

Politik von Saudi-Arabien

24.9.2015 – UNO

UN humanitarian chief recognizes Saudi Arabia’s contribution to aid appeal for Yemen

The Emergency Relief Coordinator and United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, Stephen O’Brien, thanked the King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Centre for its significant contribution to the underfunded humanitarian appeal for Yemen.

“The King Salman Center is providing $244 million pledged to nine United Nations entities working to alleviate the suffering of millions of people in Yemen,” said Mr. O’Brien.

http://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/un-humanitarian-chief-recognizes-saudi-arabia-s-contribution-aid-appeal-yemen

Kommentar: Es gibt sicher nicht den geringsten Grund, den Saudis für irgendeine „humanitäre Hilfe“ zu danken. In Relation zu den Verwüstungen, Toten und Verwundeten gilt: Für‘n Appel und ’n Ei, kauft man sich von Sünde frei.

23.9.2015 – Foreign Policy

As Air War Intensifies, Saudi Arabia Launches Charm Offensive Before U.N. Summit

With Yemeni civilian deaths mounting, the Saudi government is pulling out all the stops to head off an independent human rights inquiry.

Saudi Arabia and its Gulf allies are carrying out a vigorous diplomatic campaign to prevent international scrutiny of its conduct during a six-month air war against Yemen’s Houthi rebels, according to diplomatic sources and confidential documents obtained by Foreign Policy.

the vast majority of civilian deaths and injuries are the result of airstrikes by the U.S.-backed Gulf coalition, according to U.N. figures.

Last Friday, behind closed doors, the U.N.’s top advocate of children in armed conflict, Leila Zerrougui, told a U.N. Security Council subcommittee that the Saudi-led coalition has exacted a particularly brutal toll on children. The coalition killed or injured 590 children in the second quarter of 2015, accounting for 73 percent of child casualties during that period. In contrast, Houthi rebels were responsible for 142 child deaths and injuries, accounting for nearly 18 percent of all casualties involving minors during the same period, according to Zerrougui’s talking points, which were obtained by FP.

In Geneva, meanwhile, the Saudis and their Gulf allies have been working to head off a U.N. call for an independent inquiry into human rights violations by all parties in Yemen. Notes from a Sept. 17 intergovernmental meeting, obtained by FP, show that Gulf countries Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates have argued for shelving plans for an independent inquiry into rights abuses in Yemen. They maintained that a commission of inquiry established by the Saudi-backed Hadi government should be given a chance to demonstrate whether it has the capacity to do the job. And Saudi Arabia circulated a competing draft resolution that omits any reference to an international inquiry.

In the run-up to next week’s annual U.N. General Assembly meeting, and even as they stepped up their air war in Yemen, Saudi Arabia and the other Gulf states have mounted a diplomatic and public relations campaign to burnish the country’s reputation in New York and Washington.

Saudi diplomats in New York gathered journalists over to its First Ave. mission across the street from the U.N. headquarters building last Friday to observe a meeting, hosted by a senior Saudi Foreign Ministry official, underscoring Riyadh’s commitment to providing humanitarian aid to Yemen’s civilians. Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states have also briefed key Security Council members about steps they have taken to avoid civilian casualties and provide aid to needy civilians.

But the United States, which has provided military backing to the Saudis, has not yet shown its hand.

“The United States, which has provided extensive support to the Saudi-led coalition, has been surprisingly discreet on whether a U.N. mission should be dispatched to investigate crimes in Yemen,” said Philippe Bolopion, the U.N. and crisis advocacy director for Human Rights Watch. “This stands in sharp contrast to U.S. support for international inquiries and missions in Syria, North Korea, Libya, Sri Lanka, and Eritrea.”

One senior U.N.-based official said the American delegation is “deeply skeptical about what the Saudis are doing in Yemen.” But “they will not piss them off” because of concerns that it will drive the longtime allies even further apart – by Colum Lynch

http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/09/23/saudi-arabia-launches-charm-offensive-to-describe-yemen-assault-before-u-n-summit/

To this article refers – Auf diesen Artikel bezieht sich:

23.9.2015 – The American Conservative

The Saudi-Led Coalition’s Crimes in Yemen

While the war crimes of the Saudi-led coalition are no secret to anyone paying close attention to the conflict, there seems to be scant interest from other governments to hold them accountable for their wrongdoing. The U.S. and Britain have no incentive to draw attention to the crimes they are enabling, and it is doubtful that France would want to offend potential buyers for their weapons by scrutinizing how the Saudis and the other Gulf states use the weapons they acquire.

An independent investigation into abuses and crimes in this war would find that both sides in the conflict have been attacking civilian areas and launching indiscriminate attacks, but it would also show that the Saudi-led coalition is responsible for most of the civilian deaths and is responsible for serious violations of international law. It would also very likely confirm that the Saudis and their allies have been engaging in a policy of collective punishment against the civilian population of those areas under Houthi control. It is no wonder that the Saudis and their allies want to stymie an investigation, because contrary to their blanket denials they know very well the damage they are daily inflicting on the people of Yemen with their air campaign and their blockade.

This part of Lynch’s report was grimly amusing:

“The United States, which has provided extensive support to the Saudi-led coalition, has been surprisingly discreet on whether a U.N. mission should be dispatched to investigate crimes in Yemen,” said Philippe Bolopion, the U.N. and crisis advocacy director for Human Rights Watch. “This stands in sharp contrast to U.S. support for international inquiries and missions in Syria, North Korea, Libya, Sri Lanka, and Eritrea.”

I appreciate the point Mr. Bolopion is making here, but I doubt that he is actually surprised by U.S. reluctance to investigate the crimes of its own clients. It is typical for the patron of abusive client regimes to want to avoid scrutiny of their conduct because the patron already suspects what an investigation will turn up, and the patron wants to avoid the embarrassment of having its clients’ wrongdoing publicized. Elsewhere in the report, the reason for the shameful U.S. position is clarified:

One senior U.N.-based official said the American delegation is “deeply skeptical about what the Saudis are doing in Yemen.” But “they will not piss them off” because of concerns that it will drive the longtime allies even further apart.

Having already indulged the Saudis and most of the GCC states in their unnecessary war on Yemen, the U.S. isn’t going to drive a wedge between Washington and its reckless clients by holding them to account for their excesses. There is a certain appalling consistency here, which just makes the supposed “skepticism” of U.S. officials about the campaign even harder to take seriously. The U.S. position is essentially that we know the Saudi-led war is folly, but we’re not going to risk the good opinion of our despotic friends by saying so. U.S. support for this war becomes more disgraceful by the day – by Daniel Larison

http://www.theamericanconservative.com/larison/the-saudi-led-coalitions-crimes-in-yemen/

Politik der USA

23.9.2015 – The Intercept

U.S. State Department “Welcomes” News That Saudi Arabia Will Head U.N. Human Rights Panel

Most of the world may be horrified at the selection of Saudi Arabia to head a key U.N. human rights panel, but the U.S. State Department most certainly is not. Quite the contrary: they seem quite pleased about the news. At a State Department briefing yesterday afternoon, Deputy Spokesman Mark Toner was questioned by the invaluable Matt Lee of AP, and this is the exchange that resulted:

“ … I mean, frankly, it’s – we would welcome it. We’re close allies." – by Glen Greenwald

https://theintercept.com/2015/09/23/u-s-state-department-welcomes-news-close-ally-saudi-arabia-chosen-head-u-n-human-rights-council-panel/

22.9.2015 – Noam Chomsky

Noam Chomsky: The United States, Not Iran, Poses Greatest Threat to World Peace

In a speech Saturday at The New School in New York, Noam Chomsky explained why he believes the U.S. poses the greatest threat to world peace. "[The United States] is a rogue state, indifferent to international law and conventions, entitled to resort to violence at will. … Take, for example, the Clinton Doctrine—namely, the United States is free to resort to unilateral use of military power, even for such purposes as to ensure uninhibited access to key markets, energy supplies and strategic resources—let alone security or alleged humanitarian concerns. And adherence to this doctrine is very well confirmed and practiced, as need hardly be discussed among people willing to look at the facts of current history." Chomsky also explained why he believes the U.S. and its closest allies, namely Saudi Arabia and Israel, are undermining prospects for peace in the Middle East. "When we say the international community opposes Iran’s policies or the international community does some other thing, that means the United States and anybody else who happens to be going along with it."

http://www.democracynow.org/2015/9/22/noam_chomsky_the_united_states_not

Politik des Iran

Iran bestreitet Waffenlieferungen an Jemen

„Wir haben keine Kämpfer in Syrien, dem Irak und dem Jemen“, sagte Irans Vize-Außenminister Hossein Amir Abdollahian am Dienstag auf einer Pressekonferenz in der Medienholding Rossiya Segodnya. „Im Jemen gibt es keine Militärberater aus dem Iran. Wir liefern keine Waffen in dieses Land und haben auch nie welche geliefert.“

Zugleich schicke der Iran Hilfsgüter in den Jemen. „Es ist wichtig, die humanitäre Blockade des Jemen zu durchbrechen“, sagte Vize-Außenminister Abdollahian. „Teheran nimmt seine Kapazitäten in Anspruch, um dem jemenitischen Volk zu helfen. Teheran und Moskau unterstützen die (entsprechenden) Anstrengungen des Jemen-Beauftragten der Uno Ismail Uld Scheich Ahmed.“
http://de.sputniknews.com/politik/20150922/304458467.html

Terrorismus

24.9.2015 – Tagesschau

Anschlag im Jemen : Viele Gläubige in Moschee getötet

Bei einem Anschlag auf eine Moschee in der jemenitischen Hauptstadt Sanaa sind mehrere Menschen getötet worden. Rettungskräfte sprachen von mindestens 25 Toten und Dutzenden Verletzten.

Ziel des Angriffs war die Balili-Moschee. Augenzeugen berichteten, dass es erst in der Moschee eine Explosion gegeben habe. Zu diesem Zeitpunkt hatten sich zahlreiche Muslime zum Morgengebet in der Moschee eingefunden, um den Beginn des traditionellen Opferfestes zu feiern. Als die Menschen aus der Moschee flüchteten, habe sich ein Selbstmordattentäter vor dem Gebäude in die Luft gesprengt.

Zu dem Anschlag bekannte sich am Nachmittag die sunnitische Terrormiliz "Islamischer Staat" (IS). Der Angriff habe sich gegen "Ungläubige" gerichtet, hieß es in einer Mitteilung der Terrormiliz. Erst Anfang September hatte der IS einen Anschlag auf eine Moschee in Sanaa verübt, bei dem 30 Menschen getötet und fast hundert weitere verletzt worden waren.

https://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/jemen-anschlag-moschee-101.html siehe auch http://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/jemen-dutzende-tote-bei-anschlag-auf-moschee-a-1054511.html und https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aLuA3-h9Fh0 (Film)

24.9.2015 – New York Times from AP

Yemen IS Branch Says It's Behind Mosque Blast That Killed 25

A Yemen-based affiliate of the Islamic State group claimed responsibility for a suicide bombing in the rebel-held capital of Sanaa that killed 25 people during prayers for the Muslim holiday of Eid al-Adha on Thursday.

The explosion, which also wounded dozens of worshippers, tore through the al-Bolayli mosque in the morning hours, according to Yemeni security officials. The mosque is located in an area where many residents support the Shiite rebels, also known as Houthis, who have controlled Sanaa since last September.

The IS affiliate's claim of responsibility came in a statement circulated on Twitter by the Sunni militant group's supporters. The Associated Press could not independently verify the authenticity of the claim. The statement said IS targeted the Shiite rebels, whom the Sunni extremists view as heretics.

The security officials said the suicide bomber placed an explosive device in his shoe, causing an initial explosion. As worshippers rushed to the door, he detonated himself in the middle of the crowd, they said.

There were puddles of blood and debris outside the mosque, whose ornate facade was damaged by the blast. Police and some Houthi fighters came to inspect the aftermath. Eid al-Adha is a major Muslim holiday, also known as the Feast of Sacrifice.

http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2015/09/24/world/middleeast/ap-ml-yemen.html?_r=0

24.9.2015 – AFP

IS group claims deadly mosque bombing in Yemen capital

The Islamic State jihadist group claimed responsibility for a mosque bombing targeting Shiites in Yemen's capital on Thursday that killed at least 25 people.

In an online statement, IS said a suicide bomber had struck "Huthi infidels", in a reference to the Shiite rebels who have been in control of the capital for the past year.

http://news.yahoo.com/blast-mosque-yemen-capital-during-prayers-witnesses-052158646.html

24.9.2015 – Aljazeera (mit Film)

Deadly blasts hit Yemen mosque during Eid prayers

Suicide bombers have struck a mosque in Yemen's capital in an attack targeting Shia worshippers that killed at least 25 people and wounded dozens, medics and witnesses said.

Thursday's blast ripped through the Balili mosque where Houthi Shia rebels who control Sanaa go to pray, according to witnesses.

It came as worshippers marked Eid al-Adha, the Feast of the Sacrifice, the most important holiday of the Islamic calendar.

Witnesses reported that after a first blast inside the mosque, a second suicide bomber detonated an explosives belt at the entrance as worshippers rushed outside.

http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/09/blast-rocks-mosque-yemen-sanaa-eid-prayers-150924053015477.html

23.9.2015 – Foreign Policy Journal

Saudi Arabia and al-Qaeda Unite in Yemen

Saudi Arabia’s alignment with “terrorist” groups in Yemen was highlighted in June when the Saudi-backed exiled Yemeni government of Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi sent Abdel-Wahab Humayqani to Geneva as one of its delegates in the failed UN-sponsored roundtable talks. In December 2013, the U.S. Treasury Department designated Humayqani a “Specifically Designated Global Terrorist,” having allegedly served as a recruiter and financier for al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and having orchestrated a car bombing in March 2012 that targeted a Yemeni Republican Guard base, killing seven.

After thousands of Yemeni nationals who had joined ranks with Osama bin Laden in the Soviet-Afghan War returned to Yemen in 1980s, the Saudi-backed Yemeni regime of Ali Abdullah Saleh sponsored such militants in the fight against South Yemen’s Marxist regime, and later in a campaign to defeat southern secessionists. During the 1990s, Yemen became a central location for militant Salafist groups such as AQAP’s predecessors, including Islamic Jihad in Yemen, Army Aden Abyan and al-Qaeda in Yemen (AQY).

By the early 2000s, AQY had weakened as a result of a declining membership, but Saudi Arabia’s crackdown on its own local al-Qaeda branch prompted many Saudi members to flee to Yemen. By 2009, the Saudi and Yemeni branches had merged into AQAP. In addition to targeting the central state of Yemen, Houthi insurgents, and Western nationals/interests in Yemen, AQAP has also made clear its intention to topple the ruling Saudi family, accusing it of maintaining an “unholy” alliance with the U.S.

The de facto partnership between Riyadh and AQAP is made further evident by the fact that the Saudi-led military coalition has entirely avoided bombing AQAP targets, despite its aggressive bombing of other territories under Houthi control. While doubtful that AQAP has abandoned its objective of overthrowing the Saudi monarchy, Riyadh likely perceives its tacit alliance with AQAP as a short-term venture and is focused on the immediate task at hand.

Perhaps under the pretext of countering Wilayat al-Yemen (Yemen’s Daesh—also known as the “Islamic State”—division), Riyadh perceives strategic value in working with its rival, AQAP. Although Wilayat al-Yemen and AQAP have thus far not waged any large-scale armed campaigns again each other, their competition for recruits and the mantle of Yemen’s dominant Sunni Islamist militia lead some analysts to expect their conflicting interests to eventually pit the two groups against each other.

The Obama Administration has identified AQAP as the world’s most dangerous al-Qaeda branch, and the gravest terrorist threat to U.S. national security.

Ties between elements of Saudi Arabia’s ruling monarchy and global jihadist terror groups are not new. Following the 9/11 terrorist attacks, questions regarding the costs and benefits of maintaining a strong alliance with Riyadh resulted in spirited debate in the U.S. By having deep economic relations with Western nations and being the world’s top crude oil exporter, Riyadh has long used its powerful influence in the Middle East’s geopolitical order and international energy markets to foster ties with groups like AQAP with minimal objection from the kingdom’s Western allies.

Last month U.S. officials and local Yemeni sources reported that AQAP militants were closing in on Aden. According to unconfirmed media reports, al-Qaeda’s flag flew over an administrative building with the group patrolling some of the city’s neighborhoods. If the al-Qaeda franchise were to seize control of Yemen’s second largest city, such a dangerous development would certainly create new security dilemmas for locals already enduring a grave humanitarian crisis. It could also pose a serious threat to international traders if jihadist terrorist groups were to usurp control of both the Yemeni and African sides of the narrow Bab-el-Mandab—one of the world’s busiest shipping lanes, linking the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea.

Saudi Arabia finds its own security further imperiled by Daesh-affiliated cells that have carried out attacks against police officers, Shi’ite mosques, and Western expatriates in recent months, and with the “caliphate” leadership vowing to topple the ruling Al Saud family. Therefore, Riyadh may very well regret having pursued a short-term foreign policy that is creating conditions in Yemen in which AQAP gains the most from the nation’s chaotic and ungovernable environment. Saudi Arabia would benefit from having the same long-term orientation toward Sunni extremism as it does toward the global oil landscape – by Giorgio Cafiero and Daniel Wagner

http://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2015/09/23/saudi-arabia-and-al-qaeda-unite-in-yemen/ = http://www.internationalpolicydigest.org/2015/09/23/saudis-and-al-qaeda-find-common-cause-in-yemen/ = http://www.huffingtonpost.com/giorgio-cafiero/saudi-arabia-and-alqaeda-_b_8184338.html

Kommentar: Die USA unterstützen den Krieg der Saudis in jeder Hinsicht aktiv. Von wirklichen Differenzen, wie sie die Autoren hier nahelegen, kann keine Rede sein. Wenn die Amerikaner öffentlich von den Saudis abrücken, dann geschieht das vor allem, um die öffentliche Meinung zu beeinflussen, an der Unterstützung ändert sich nichts.

23.9.2015 – Twitter

Al Qaida zerstört historische Schreine in Mukalla (Hadramaut,Jemen) https://twitter.com/AhmadAlgohbary/status/646458605407899648 und https://twitter.com/Josephjo1221/status/646691495328784384 und Film https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uTs-x-2xkak

Kommentar: Das haben sie von ihren geistigen Vätern, den wahabitischen Saudis, gelernt, die es seit 200 Jahren genauso machen. Die Saudis lassen Al Qaida im Jemen völlig unbehelligt. Und der Westen unterstützt damit genau das, was Sie hier sehen.

Drohnenkrieg

22.9.2015 – Antimedia

US Drones Responsible For More Civilian Deaths in Yemen than Al Qaeda

According to a U.N. report published last week, U.S. drone strikes have killed roughly 40 Yemeni civilians in the past year. The figure is 60% greater than the number of civilians killed by al Qaeda in that same period. al Qaeda is reportedly responsible for 24 civilian deaths.

The government’s ongoing drone strikes in Yemen are little-known to the general American public.

Journalist Chris Woods of Airwars told VICE News he believes many of the U.S. attacks are indiscriminate and have a high risk of civilian casualties.

“The drone ops we tend to see in places like Yemen, I am absolutely sure they are using a different rule book because they are counter-terrorism targets and they’re deemed to be higher value targets. That places civilians at greater risk on the ground. We see more civilians killed when it’s counter-terrorism ops because the targets are deemed as a threat to the US homeland and, therefore, there’s a greater tolerance of collateral damage,” Woods said.

“The UN numbers are deeply worrying. Time and again we find that civilian casualties on the ground are completely counterproductive to America’s long-term strategic interests in the region,” he added.

Sadly, the death toll on record could actually be far lower than the actual kill count due to the fact that many civilians are classified as militant when they are reported.

Whenever the corporate media releases a story about drone attacks, they typically use the word “militant” to describe the victims. This label implies the victims are not civilians or are somehow involved in terrorism or violent military activities.

This is a deception.

In 2013, the Obama administration redefined “militant” to mean “military-aged male.” This way, nearly any male murdered by drone strike is considered a violent enemy — at least in the eyes of the general population.

This is just another tactic in a powerful propaganda campaign that shields the American people from the harsh realities of war and perpetual imperialism.

Considering the power of establishment language and the media’s willingness to perpetuate it, it is even possible this Orwellian-speak has affected the reported statistics regarding civilian deaths, though such a possibility was not specifically noted in the report – by John Vibes

Whole article under CC Attribution 4.0 International License)

http://theantimedia.org/us-drones-have-killed-more-civilians-than-al-qaeda-in-yemen/

Flüchtlinge

23.9.2015 – APA

IOM evacuates 342 Ethiopian migrants from war-torn Yemen

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Yemen this week resumed humanitarian evacuations after a month, assisting 342 Ethiopian migrants return to their homeland, IOM said in a statement released here Wednesday.

The returnees were 240 men and 52 women, including four girls and 46 boys – who had been stranded in Yemen since the eruption of the conflict in late March.
IOM had suspended all sea operations after the bombing of Yemen’s Al Hudaydah seaport but was able to immediately resume evacuations as soon as the port became accessible to smaller vessels.
Prior to their evacuation, the stranded migrants had gathered in Al Hudaydah seeking a way out of Yemen. Left destitute from the difficult journey through the war-torn country, the group had received pre-departure fitness-to-travel screening and, where necessary, primary health assistance.
The operation was organized in coordination with IOM country offices in Djibouti and Ethiopia, which will provide transit and onward transportation assistance.

http://apanews.net/news/fr/article.php?id=834497

Frühere "Neue Artikel zum Nachlesen" Nr. 1 - 23:

http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

oder

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose

Bilder von den Luftangriffen der Saudi-Koalition auf Sanaa in der Nacht vom 18. auf den 19. September 2015 ( 18+ und nichts für Sensible!!)

http://poorworld.net/Yemen/YemenImages274.htm

http://poorworld.net/Yemen/YemenImages275.htm

http://poorworld.net/Yemen/YemenImages276.htm

http://poorworld.net/Yemen/YemenImages277.htm

16:30 24.09.2015
Dieser Beitrag gibt die Meinung des Autors wieder, nicht notwendigerweise die der Redaktion des Freitag.
Geschrieben von

Dietrich Klose

Vielfältig interessiert am aktuellen Geschehen, zur Zeit besonders: Ukraine, Russland, Jemen, Rolle der USA, Neoliberalismus, Ausbeutung der 3. Welt
Schreiber 0 Leser 22
Dietrich Klose

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