Krieg im Jemen: Neue Artikel zum Nachlesen 56

Yemen Press Reader 56: HRW-Untersuchungsbericht zu 10 saudischen Luftangriffen: Zivile Ziele mit vielen Toten, Kriegsverbrechen - Auch Schweiz, Schweden, Brasilien liefern Waffen an Saudis/VAE
Bei diesem Beitrag handelt es sich um ein Blog aus der Freitag-Community

Do not forget! – Nicht vergessen!

23.11.2015 – Foreign Policy

"American planes began taking off in support of the campaign on April 5, less than two weeks after the bombs started falling in Yemen in late March. As of Nov. 13, U.S. tankers have flown 471 refueling sorties to top off the tanks of coalition warplanes 2,443 times, according to numbers provided by the Defense Department. The American flights have totaled approximately 3,926 flying hours while delivering over 17 million lbs. of fuel. The mostly American-made fighter planes guided by Arab pilots are also primarily dropping American-made munitions, bolstered recently by the $1.29 billion in weaponry Washington agreed to sell Saudi Arabia. The sale includes 22,000 bombs, featuring 1,000 laser guided bombs, and over 5,000 “kits” that can transform older bombs into GPS-guided bombs."

http://foreignpolicy.com/2015/11/23/in-yemen-a-saudi-war-fought-with-u-s-help/

Allgemein / General

27.11.2015 – The Express Tribune

Understanding Yemen conflict: ‘Destruction of a world heritage site may trigger reaction from public’

Two thirds of the population of Yemen is in a difficult humanitarian situation. Perhaps, the destruction of world heritage sites will trigger some sort of reaction from the public, said Laurent Bonnefoy, research fellow at the Centre de Recherches Internationales in Paris.

Bonnefoy spoke at length about the nature of the Yemen conflict, the forces behind it and the way forward. Giving the example of Syria, he said the real anti-Islamic State (IS) movement began in the European press after the destruction of ancient artifacts. There have been more than 3,000 reported civilian deaths in Yemen but this does not appear to be enough, Bonnefoy lamented.

“Public letters, critical of the policies of Muhammad bin Sultan, have been written by prominent Saudi princes. A reorientation of policy is possible by laying pressure on the ruling family,” he explained.

Reiterating his point, Bonnefoy said reorientation will only work if the Saudis are given some sort of symbolic victory; say if President Ali Abdullah Salih leaves Yemen. “Otherwise a complete catastrophe will occur, not only in Yemen but also for the legitimacy of Saudi Arabia, resulting in a huge refugee crisis internationally,” he theorised.

According to him, the reason why Yemen has been long overlooked has to do with the complexity of the region. “It is difficult to identify the bad or good guys. “Secondly, it is also because of the structured and regional approach towards the country that Yemen is considered a problem, linked to terrorism and alQaeda,” he said.

Bonnefoy further identified the transitions, which according to him, have been overlooked in the general understanding of Yemeni politics. “The Houthi rebellion was not specifically based on sectarian conflict until it rose to defend a minority group of Zaydis [Shiites],” he said.

The next transition for him was the divide between the south and north in Yemen. “Up until 1990 two Yemeni countries existed; one Zaydi majority and the other Sunni majority. South Yemen existed as the only socialist Arab country,” Bonnefoy claimed. “Both the countries merged but evidently North Yemen emerged as the dominant [side] because of the failure of the Southern regime. Seventy-five per cent of the population lived on the Northern side,” he explained. Thus, a feeling of discrimination evolved during the emergence of the secessionist movement, he said.

Bonnefoy said that this ignorance had important implications. The international community has let Saudi Arabia emerge as its main subcontractor when it comes to Yemen, he claimed.

http://tribune.com.pk/story/999181/understanding-yemen-conflict-destruction-of-a-world-heritage-site-may-trigger-reaction-from-public/

27.11.2015 – Human Rights Watch

Jemen: Militärallianz untersucht unrechtmäßige Luftangriffe nicht

USA könnten mitverantwortlich für willkürliche Angriffe sein

Die von Saudi-Arabien geführte Allianz gegen die Huthis imJemen hat bislang keinen der offenbar unrechtmäßigen Luftangriffe untersucht, bei denen Hunderte Zivilisten getötet wurden, so Human Rights Watch in einem heute veröffentlichten Bericht. Auch die Vereinigten Staaten sind verpflichtet, die Angriffe zu untersuchen, die mutmaßlich gegen Kriegsvölkerrecht verstoßen, da auch sie dabei eine Rolle spielten.

Der 73-seitige Bericht „‘What Military Target Was in My Brother’s House?’: Unlawful Coalition Airstrikes in Yemen” untersucht detailliert zehn Luftangriffe der Allianz, die offensichtlich gegen Völkerrecht verstoßen und bei denen zwischen April und August 2015 mindestens 309 Zivilisten getötet und mehr als 414 verletzt wurden. Laut den Vereinten Nationen kamen die meisten Todesopfer, die es seit Beginn der Militärkampagne der Allianz Ende März gegen die Huthis gegeben hat, bei Luftangriffen ums Leben. Human Rights Watch hat keine Kenntnis davon, dass Saudi-Arabien, andere Mitglieder der Allianz oder die USA diese oder andere mutmaßlich unrechtmäßige Angriffe untersucht haben oder die Opfer oder ihre Familien in irgendeiner Form entschädigt wurden.

„Es ist erschütternd, dass die Allianz nicht einmal einen der zahlreichen potentiell unrechtmäßigen Luftangriffe untersuchen will”, so Joe Stork, stellvertretender Leiter der Nahost-Abteilung von Human Rights Watch. „Die Allianz mag hochentwickelte Waffen und die Unterstützung der USA haben. Ihr Respekt für das Kriegsrecht ist jedoch bestenfalls unterentwickelt.”

Human Rights Watch hat vor Ort in den Gouvernements Ibb, Amran, Hajja, Hodaida, Taizz, und der Hauptstadt Sanaa recherchiert. Hierbei wurden Gespräche mit Opfern, Zeugen und medizinischem Personal geführt. Die Luftangriffe trafen Wohnhäuser, Märkte, eine Fabrik und ein Zivilgefängnis. In all diesen Fällen hat Human Rights Watch entweder kein offenkundiges militärisches Ziel ausmachen können oder kam zu dem Schluss, dass beim jeweiligen Angriff kein Unterschied zwischen Zivilisten und militärischen Zielen gemacht wurde. Human Rights Watch hat die Namen von 309 Menschen zusammengetragen, davon 199 Männer, 43 Frauen und 67 Kindern, die bei den Angriffen ums Leben kamen. Es wird davon ausgegangen, dass es sich bei allen um Zivilisten handelt. Saudische Beamte haben bislang nicht auf die mehrfach von Human Rights Watch gestellte Anfrage zu den zehn Luftangriffe reagiert.

Großbritannien und Frankreich haben die Allianz unterstützt, indem sie Waffen an Saudi- Arabien und andere Mitglieder der Allianz verkauft haben. Die USA haben kürzlich den Verkauf von Fliegerbomben an Saudi-Arabien und die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirateangekündigt.

Laut Kriegsrecht darf eine Konfliktpartei nur militärische Ziele angreifen. Bei Angriffen sind die beteiligten Parteien verpflichtet, alle möglichen Vorsichtsmaßnahmen zu treffen, um die Zahl an zivilen Opfern oder den Schaden an zivilen Objekten zu minimieren. Die eingesetzten Waffen und die Art, in der der Angriff ausgeführt wird, müssen es erlauben, zwischen militärischen Zielen und Zivilisten zu unterscheiden. Angriffe, bei denen es kein offensichtlich militärisches Ziel gibt und Angriffe, die wahllos erfolgen oder bei denen der zivile Schaden in keinem Verhältnis zum erwarteten militärischen Gewinn steht, verstoßen gegen das Kriegsrecht.

Die Konfliktparteien müssen zudem Einsätze in dicht besiedelten Gebieten meiden und, soweit wie möglich, Zivilisten aus der Nähe von Militärkräften entfernen. In mehreren Fällen steht nicht fest, ob die Huthis oder die Verbündeten ernsthafte Schritte unternommen haben, um Zivilisten von Orten zu entfernen, wo Munition gelagert wurde oder wo es zu Kampfeinsätzen kam.

Human Rights Watch zeigt sich zudem besorgt über den Einsatz von explosiven Waffen mit großflächiger Wirkung in dicht besiedelten Gebieten durch die von Saudi-Arabien angeführte Allianz. Eine Waffe, die einen Wirkungsradius von Dutzenden oder Hunderten Metern hat, wird höchstwahrscheinlich Zivilisten verletzen oder töten, wenn sie in dicht besiedelten Gebieten zum Einsatz kommt.

Der UN-Sicherheitsrat soll alle Beteiligten des Konflikts im Jemen daran erinnern, dass diejenigen, die gegen internationale Menschenrechtsstandards und gegen humanitäres Völkerrecht verstoßen, mit Reiseverboten rechnen müssen oder damit, dass ihr Vermögen eingefroren wird, so Human Rights Watch. Der UN-Menschenrechtsrat soll einen unabhängigen, internationalen Untersuchungsmechanismus schaffen, um die mutmaßlichen Verstöße gegen Kriegsrecht durch alle Konfliktparteien zu untersuchen.

„Der UN-Sicherheitsrat und der Menschenrechtsrat stehen untätig daneben, während Bomben der Allianz Zivilisten töten”, so Stork. „Sie müssen nun endliche Untersuchungen anordnen, die die Verantwortlichen für diese offensichtlich illegalen Angriffe bislang nicht einleiten wollten.“

https://www.hrw.org/de/news/2015/11/27/jemen-militaerallianz-untersucht-unrechtmaessige-luftangriffe-nicht und der vollständige Bericht (73 Seiten): http://hrw.org/node/283702

English version:

26.11.2015 – Human Rights Watch

Yemen: Coalition Fails to Investigate Unlawful Airstrikes

US Could Share Responsibility for Indiscriminate Attacks

The Saudi Arabia-led coalition carrying out attacks against the Houthis in Yemen has failed to investigate its apparently unlawful airstrikes that have killed hundreds of civilians, Human Rights Watch said in a report issued today. The United States is also obligated to investigate attacks in which it played a role that allegedly violated the laws of war.

The 73-page report, “‘What Military Target Was in My Brother’s House?’: Unlawful Coalition Airstrikes in Yemen,” examines in detail 10 apparently unlawful coalition airstrikes that killed at least 309 civilians and wounded more than 414 between April and August 2015.

Human Rights Watch is unaware of any investigations by Saudi Arabia, other coalition members, or the US into these or other allegedly unlawful strikes, or of any compensation for victims or their families.

“The coalition’s unwillingness to conduct even a single investigation of numerous potentially unlawful airstrikes is appalling,” said Joe Stork, deputy Middle East director. “While the coalition may have sophisticated weaponry and US support, its commitment to the laws of war is rudimentary at best.”

Human Rights Watch conducted field research in the governorates of Ibb, Amran, Hajja, Hodaida, Taizz, and the capital, Sanaa, and spoke to victims, witnesses, and medical staff. Airstrikes hit homes, markets, a factory, and a civilian prison, though in all of these cases, Human Rights Watch either found no evident military target or found that the attack failed to distinguish civilians from military objectives. Human Rights Watch compiled the names of 309 people – 199 men, 43 women, and 67 children – killed in the attacks, all believed to be civilians. Saudi officials have not responded to repeated Human Right Watch requests for information about the 10 airstrikes.

The United Kingdom and France have supported the coalition by selling arms to Saudi Arabia and other coalition members. The US recently announced the sale of aerial bombs to Saudi Arabia and the UAE.

Under the laws of war, a party to the conflict may only attack military objectives. In carrying out attacks, warring parties are required to take all feasible precautions to minimize harm to civilians and civilian objects. The weapons used and the manner in which the attack is carried out must be able to distinguish between the military objective and civilians. Attacks in which there is no evident military target, that are indiscriminate, or that cause civilian harm disproportionate to the anticipated military gain, are unlawful.

Parties must also avoid deploying in densely populated areas and remove, to the extent feasible, civilians in the vicinity of their military forces. In several instances it is not clear if the Houthis or allied forces had taken significant measures to move civilians away from places where they stored ammunition or deployed their forces.

Human Rights Watch is also concerned by the Saudi Arabia-led coalition’s use of explosive weapons with wide-area effect in populated areas. A weapon that affects an area in a radius of dozens or hundreds of meters of its impact will almost certainly kill or wound civilians if used in populated areas.

The UN Security Council should remind all parties to the conflict in Yemen that violators of human rights law and the laws of war may be subject to travel bans and asset freezes, Human Rights Watch said. The UN Human Rights Council should create an independent, international investigative mechanism to investigate alleged violations of the laws of war by all parties to the conflict.

“The UN Security Council and Human Rights Council have sat idly by while coalition bombs are killing civilians,” Stork said. “They need to mandate the investigations that the parties responsible for these apparently unlawful attacks have been unwilling to undertake.”

https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/11/26/yemen-coalition-fails-investigate-unlawful-airstrikes

Full report of 73 pages:

What Military Target Was in My Brother’s House

Unlawful Coalition Airstrikes in Yemen

In the cases discussed in this report, which caused at least 309 civilian deaths and wounded at least 414 civilians, Human Rights Watch found either no evident military target or that the attack failed to distinguish civilians from military objectives. Under international law, states have an obligation to investigate alleged violations of the laws of war, and appropriately punish those individuals responsible for war crimes. Human Rights Watch is unaware of any investigations by Saudi Arabia or other coalition members in these or other reported cases.The 10 attacks detailed in this report occurred in the Houthi-controlled governorates of Sanaa, Amran, Hajja, Hodeida, and Ibb. Airstrikes hit residential houses, market places, a factory, and a civilian prison.

Human Rights Watch investigated each of these incidents by interviewing victims and witnesses to the attack, searching for possible military targets in the vicinity, and speaking to medical staff who treated the injured. On the basis of information from relatives, witnesses, medical staff, and local Houthi authorities, Human Rights Watch compiled the names of 309 individuals—199 men, 43 women, and 69 children—killed in the 10 attacks. We found no evidence that any of those killed in these attacks were combatants. The full casualty list from the attacks is included as an appendix to the report.

Human Rights Watch also wrote to Saudi authorities to seek additional information about the strikes, including the weapons used, the intended targets, and the precautions taken to minimize civilian harm. At time of writing, Human Rights Watch had not received any response.

Under the laws of war, a party to the conflict may only attack military objectives, normally the enemy’s forces, their weapons, and their structures. In carrying out attacks, all feasible precautions need to be taken to minimize harm to civilians and civilian objects. The weapons used and the manner in which the attack is carried out must distinguish between the military objective and civilians. Attacks in which there is no evident military target, that strike indiscriminately, or cause civilian harm disproportionate to the anticipated military gain, are unlawful.

Human Rights Watch investigated several coalition airstrikes in which there was no evident military target in the vicinity, such as strikes on the markets at Muthalith Ahim and Amran. These amount to an unlawfully indiscriminate attack, if not a deliberate attack on civilians. In other cases, bombs struck, sometimes repeatedly, civilian objects a significant distance from any military objective, killing and wounding civilians. If insufficient precautions were taken to avoid civilian loss—such as not clearly identifying a military target or using weapons with wide area effects in populated neighborhoods—these attacks would also be indiscriminate. Attacks harming civilians might also have been the result of incorrect targeting coordinates or other errors—an inquiry would need to determine whether all feasible precautions were taken.

is report is based on Human Rights Watch field research in the Yemeni governorates of Ibb, Amran, Hajja, Hodaida, Taizz, and the capital, Sanaa, in July 2015. Human Rights Watch researchers interviewed 62 people who had witnessed airstrikes carried out by the Saudi Arabia-led coalition.

Most interviews took place at the sites of the airstrikes or in hospitals where the wounded were brought. Human Rights Watch conducted all interviews in Arabic or in English with Arabic translation.

All participants gave oral consent to be interviewed; participants were informed of the purpose of the interview and the way in which their information would be documented and reported, and that they could stop the interview at any time or decline to answer specific questions posed. No one received any remuneration for giving an interview.

Human Rights Watch also reviewed the medical log books and individual records of patients admitted to hospitals in Amran, Hajja, Mokha, and Hodaida.

On September 26, 2015, and on November 6, Human Rights Watch wrote to the Saudi Arabian government to share its findings and to seek information on intended targets of 10 of the airstrikes that we had investigated. At time of writing, Human Rights Watch had not received a response. Future responses to this report from the Saudi Arabian government or other coalition members will be posted on the Yemen page of the Human Rights Watch website: www.hrw.org.

https://www.hrw.org/node/283702

Kommentar: Hochachtung vor Human Rights Watch!! An den Forderungen, die HRW dann stellt, ist aber m. E. ein Grundgedanke falsch: Das Ganze ist kein den Normen des Völkerrechts entsprechender „Krieg“ im klassischen Sinn mit formaler Kriegserklärung von Staat A an Staat B etc., sondern das Eingreifen der Saudis ist völkerrechtlich insgesamt mehr als zweifelhaft. Das würde bedeuten, dass es nicht nur darum geht, zivile Ziele zu vermeiden, sondern dass jeder Angriff auch auf sog. militärische Ziele völkerrechtlich illegal und daher ein Kriegsverbrechen ist, und nicht nur die einzelnen Attacken auf zivile Ziele wie die hier dokumentierten. – Und wie sieht es jetzt mit der Forderung des britischen Außenministers Hammond aus, es müsse eine internationale Untersuchung der (seiner Meinung nach angeblichen) Kriegsverbrechen der Saudis geben, bevor Großbritannien Waffenlieferungen an die Saudis und verbündeten stoppen würde (Diese Forderung ja eine schäbige Ausflucht aus dem Dilemma, die bereits vorliegenden Untersuchungen und die Evidenz der Kriegsverbrechen wegzuwischen, um weiter Waffen an die Saudis liefern zu können). Was nun, Herr Minister? Ist jetzt Schluss mit den Waffenlieferungen an die Saudis? Hier haben Sie jetzt endlich Ihre geforderte Untersuchung!

English Commentary: I think it does not make sense to require the USA and the Saudis to investigate their own war crimes; they definitely will not do. The Saudis even deny that they hit any civilians, against all evidence and reality. The US in these days have published their “investigation” of the US attack at the Doctors Without Borders hospital at Kunduz in Afghanistan, a mere joke showing how these self-”investigations” are looking. Anyway, HRW also requires the only possible thing, an independent investigation by the UN Human Rights Council – just that, what the Netherlands had asked for, an initiative that was shot down by the Saudis in that council, with the help of the USA and it’s Western allies. For this incident see http://www.adhrb.org/2015/10/saudi-arabia-to-inspect-own-war-crimes-record-in-yemen/

23.11.2015 – Human Rights Watch

Film on Yemen war (English; Interviews Arabian only)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vZP67uDdt7Q

26.11.2015 – UK Column News

Mike Robinson speaks to Kim Sharif of Human Rights for Yemen, and Vanessa Beeley of the Syria Solidarity Movement about "the war no-one wants to discuss" – Yemen

This is a must watch, Kim deconstructs ALL western media, NGO and government myths that support the Saudi coalition’s systematic extermination of the Yemeni people.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BeV98LEvSqg

26.11.2015 – Tobias Thiel

Citizen revolt for a modern state: Yemen's revolutionary moment, collective memory and conscientious politcs sur la longue duree

2011 became a year of revolt for the Middle East and north Africa as a series of popular uprisings toppled veteran strongmen that had ruled the regions for decades. The contentious mobilisations not only repudiated orthodox explanations for the resilience of Arab autocracy, but radically asserted the 'political imaginary' of a sovereign and united citizenry, so vigorously encapsulated in the popular slogan al-shab yurid isqat al-nizam (the people want to overthrow the system). In the Republic of Yemen, revolting citizens precipitated the resignation of perennial President Ali Abd Allah Salih and demanded a fundamental reconfiguration of the prevailing social contract into a modern civil state (al-dawla al-madaniya al-haditha). It is tempting to situate the root causes of these historic citizen revolts in the political inertia and moral bankruptcy of (neo)patrimonial Arab autocracies, their neoliberal economic policies, unemployment and social inequality, a youth bulge or new media technologies - all of which doubtlessly constituted crucial enabling factors. For the historian, however, the story runs much deeper than such 'presentist' interpretations suggest. Adopting a dynamic, process-orientated approach, this doctoral dissertation examines why and how the revolutionary mobilisation in 2011 transpired in relation to Yemen's history of contentious politics. The narrative is built around the argument that the revolt was the result of three parallel, dynamic processes: the erratic and limited liberalisation process since Yemeni unification in 1990, the 'oligarchisation' of power sine the 1994 war, and the 'politics of calculated chaos' - a paradoxical propensity of the Salih regime to foster disorder and dissent in order to position itself as the defender of the republicanism and Yemeni unity. When regime changes in North Africa precipitated a shift in political opportunities, these processes culminated in the formation of a loose, temporary and heterogeneous opposition coalition that mounted a singular contentious challenge against the regime. Traditional powerbrokers, however, soon stifled the brief revolutionary moment as they politicised, co-opted and superseded the citizen movement. Loosely inspired by the histoire de la long duree, the thesis contextualises the emergence and trajectory of the Yemeni citizen revolt in the political economy imperatives, deep-seated regional divisions and collective memories of past regimes and revolutions, such as the pre-Islamic South Arabian kingdomes, the millennial Zaydi Imamates or the twin revolutions of the 1960s. It thereby revels some striking historical parallels to earlier episodes of contention in terms of longstanding demands, ideas and repertoires, which continue to constitute frameworks of reference for contemporary contentious politics – by Tobias Thiel

http://etheses.lse.ac.uk/3213/ and the whole dissertation in full: http://etheses.lse.ac.uk/3213/1/Thiel_citizens_revolt_for_a_modern_state.pdf

26.11.2015 – Yemen News Today

Two opposing Yemen armies – perpetual civil war or hostile partition? Weekly update 26th November

This week I am concentrating on the subject of mercenaries and new army recruits within Yemen, which have been major news stories in the last few days. UAE troops were the main part of the ground forces until a short time ago, when they returned home. In their place there is what is called an elite UAE force, and this week it was announced in Jane’s defence magazine that they are now training new recruits to the Yemeni army. There are very few jobs in Yemen at the moment and the army is one possibility for employment. The Yemen army split in 2011 and the major part of the original army are loyal to ex-President Saleh and are now fighting with the Houthis. The rest – in 2011 loyal to the religiously conservative Ali Muhsin – have been fighting on the side of the Saudi-led opposition, and it is these troops that are now been bolstered by new recruits; the first group was trained in Saudi and the most recent group have been trained by UAE in the Al Anad air base, near Aden. The recruits are selected according to their political views and their home governate.

This must have repercussions – two opposing Yemen armies with completely different loyalties, both in terms of their geographic origins, their preferred leaders and their political perspectives, surely making only two outcomes possible. The first is a continuance of a prolonged civil war in Yemen, and the second is partition. The choice between perpetual civil war or two hostile Yemens is a heart-breaking scenario.

Saudi is desperate to win ground from the Houthi-Saleh alliance before the UN peace talks, so they are making a big push with mercenaries from Sudan and Columbia. If you recall, it was the Sudanese army that the Western world accused of genocide in Darfur; that same army is now fighting in Yemen with no world protests. It was reported this week that Saudi had paid $2.2 billion US to Sudan for their support. It was also reported that the UAE transferred 450 of the planned 800 Columbian mercenaries to Yemen this week.

The US Secretary of State, John Kerry, was in UAE this week and made an extraordinary statement that indicates that he is quite ignorant of what is going on in Yemen – or trying hard to cover it up. “We respect what United Arab Emirates has been able to do to accomplish significant progress in Yemen” he stated. What progress is this? Civilians killed, homes destroyed, 81% of Yemenis suffering from severe acute food insecurity – according to a UN report this week.

Despite eight months of destruction and death, the war is still at stalemate. There have been pictures of rows of armoured vehicles from the coalition heading to Taiz, and a report from UAE blaming Islah militias for the Saudi coalition’s slow progress, and others blaming the landmines left by the Houthis for delays. Later on, farmers and their children will not be able to farm these fields without risk of losing a limb – some 70% of Yemenis still work on the land. The ordinary citizens of Taiz are trapped within this war, suffering a local siege as well as the Saudi blockade, with opposing militias ferociously fighting each other next to them and bombs still destroying their homes and lives from the air. Saudi is airlifting new weapons to the militias, but is not airlifting food and medical aid to Taiz residents. It is as if they are pawns, expected to wait for their ‘liberation’ so that they can be fed and be grateful to their saviours – whoever they might be. And the people of the north, far from feeling compassion, think that Taiz citizens are only getting what they deserve, such is the dehumanisation of ‘the enemy’ in this dreadful war. And life is not much better in the rest of Yemen.

The longer this war goes on, the more intractable it becomes. The media, never very interested in Yemen in its early terrifying stages, is not likely to retain an interest now that terrifying incidents have become an every day norm, after more than 240 days of non-stop aerial assaults, a ferocious ground war, an influx of extremist militias, and an inhumane and perhaps illegal blockade leaving Yemeni people dying from starvation, dehydration, disease and conflict – and those who have survived this, left hungry and without hope – by Judith Brown

http://yemen-news-today.org/2015/11/26/two-opposing-yemen-armies-perpetual-civil-war-or-hostile-partition-weekly-update-26th-november/

25.11.2015 – Yemen on the threshold

War Losses and Damages: Saudi Led Coalition Aggression on Yemen

The following is a summary of the periodic report issued by the Yemeni Civil Coalition for Monitoring the war crimes and crimes against humanity perpetrated by the Saudi led Coalition in the aggression against the Republic of Yemen since March 22, 2015.

The data shown hereunder includes all war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by the Saudi regime in Yemen, which is the leading culprit in this illegal aggression on Yemen, as it mobilized the so called coalition, since March 22, 2015.

The following data lists all the crimes of the Saudi regime and their so called Saudi Led Coalition over the last 9 months up to November 16, 2015 as summarized by the authors of the report, in both Arabic and English, with some modifications by the blogger and completions of missing translations.

Overview of details in the periodic report issued on Monday, 11/16/2015 by the Civil Coalition for Monitoring Crimes committed by the Saudi led aggression on Yemen:

The number of civilian casualties reached to 23,553, including 7,495 fatalities and 16,058 wounded (women, children and men). Almost 15,000 now live with permanent disability. The report noted that the report is incomplete, because they cannot access all the areas attacked in a hysterical manner.

The material losses after 235 days in infrastructure and public and civil property amounts to:

408 roads and bridges

35 universities

149 fuel tankers,

131 cisterns and water grids

10 ports

224 fuel stations

123 communications network ]

223 hospitals and health units

336 markets

317, 985 destroyed and damaged houses

15 media establishments

146 plants and factories

14 airports

895 government facilities

106 chicken farms

583 mosques, 504 food stores

50 archaeological sites

478 schools and educational centers 370 food transport trucks

86 tourist facilities

3,750 non-operating schools

30 sport fields/stadiums and

7 grain silos

Ancillary results, in addition to those caused by missiles and bombs (many of which are illegal and banned by international law, agreements and conventions, such as using cluster bombs in schools and public areas, we have the empowerment of terrorist and militant groups, like Al-Qaeda and ISIS to operate as they like freely without any interference from coalition forces, even in areas under the control of these forces, not to mention that these groups are armed and financed by the Saudis.

In addition hundreds of thousands of internally displaced persons are forced to relocate in already crowded and overstretched service facilities, especially from Sa’ada Governorate and the battle scarred areas, such as Aden and Ta’ez.

The Saudis also imposed a tight siege and blockade on Yemen, making it impossible for any civilian ships or airplanes to enter Yemeni seaports and airports until they have undergone thorough checks by coalition naval craft or force to land in Saudi airports for checking passengers and/or cargoes. This includes relief vessels sent from countries or organizations engaged in such philanthropic tasks.

The report also noted that the Saudis used severe blast and destructive bombs against civilian residential areas or public gathering squares and markets. They used two types of Cluster, such as Secondary Explosion Munition Bombs (BLU – 97) or Bunker Buster bombs and a more complex type called CBU – 105, which open up and disburse a large number of mini bombs over a large area. Some secondary bombs may not expolode upon hitting their targets, and thus become dangerous to anyone who may come in contact with it or touch with them. On two occasions Human Rights Watch noted that used missiles laden with cluster bombs in at least seven occasions in Hajjah Governorate, in which scores were killed and wounded. HRW also reported and some of which reported that on 31 May 2015 there were credible evidence that that Saudi Arabian led coalition used US manufactured illegal CBU.

https://yemenonthethreshold.wordpress.com/2015/11/25/war-losses-and-damages-saudi-led-coalition-aggression-on-yemen/

19.8.2015 – CCTV America

The Heat. Unrest in Yemen Part 2

Catherine Shakdam, Director of Program & Leading Analyst, The Shafaqna Institute for Middle Eastern Studies. She gave CCTV her insight on the Yemen conflict.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4QVFHKIOt4Q&feature=youtu.be

Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

26.11.2015 – International Organization for Migration

Map / Karte: Yemen crisis response: Movements and arrival assistance (As of 26 November 2015)

http://reliefweb.int/map/yemen/yemen-crisis-response-movements-and-arrival-assistance-26-november-2015

26.11.2015 – ABNA / Shafaqna

Yemen fights hunger with the Mona Relief organization

Yemen has reached breaking point and without adequate humanitarian aid millions stand to fall to famine and diseases. Saudi Arabia continues to impose an illegal, immoral and racist blockade against Yemen in view of breaking its people spirit of resistance.

The Mona Relief organization is refusing to bow down to injustice and tyranny and so this one NGO fights on … but it can’t fight alone, it needs you to join its movement against hunger.

http://en.abna24.com/service/middle-east-west-asia/archive/2015/11/26/721662/story.html = http://en.shafaqna.com/news/23270

2.9.2015 – UNICEF

UNICEF Representative in Yemen, Julien Harneis speaks about the impact the conflict on children

UNICEF Representative in Yemen, Julien Harneis speaks about the devastating effects of the conflict on children, including the lack of medicine and fuel to run hospitals, water pumps and sewage systems. UNICEF is responding to the urgent needs of children by providing safe water, medicines to treat childhood diseases such as pneumonia, diarrhea and measles, as well as vaccinating children and women. To continue these services, more support is needed. UNICEF is asking for $183 million in total to address the most immediate needs of the country’s most affected population but so far only $30 million has been received.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_e16OqTzC_Y

Lage in Taiz / Situation at Taiz

26.11.2015 – Voice of America from AP

Besieged Yemeni City Battered in Pivotal Civil War Battle

In Yemen's third largest city, residents are battling back against a months-long siege by Shiite rebels, armed by airdrops of weapons by planes from the Saudi-led coalition. With hundreds killed and food, water and medicines are running short in a potentially pivotal battle in the country's protracted civil war.

The Shiite rebels, known as Houthis, have surrounded the city of Taiz for months, shelling neighborhoods and battling with the local fighters. Anti-Houthi forces backed by a Saudi-led coalition are trying to advance from further south, fighting their way toward the city to break the siege.

If the Houthis lose at Taiz, which lies on the border between northern and southern Yemen, it could be a major turning point in the war. It would cement the Houthis' loss of the south, reducing their areas of control to the capital, Sanaa and their strongholds in the far north, along with some areas in the center with little strategic significance. That could force them into negotiations with the internationally recognized government, led by President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi.

Residents in the city of some 250,000 say more than 1,600 civilians have been killed in the siege since March, largely by Houthi shelling. Electricity is largely cut, water supplies are low and food and other supplies have to be smuggled in, they told The Associated Press.

About 1,643 civilians were killed in Taiz since March, most of them since September by Houthi shelling, said Abdul Rahim Alsamie, a doctor and activist in the humanitarian aid sector in Taiz.

http://www.voanews.com/content/ap-besieged-yemeni-city-battered-pivotal-civil-war-battle/3075293.html

Kommentar: Dieser Artikel ist eindeutig parteisch gegen die Huthis. er verschweigt völlig die dauernden saudischen Luftangriffe auf Taiz, die Toten und Verwüstungen, die auch die gegen die Huthis kämpfenden Milizen (zwangsläufig) bei den Kampfhandlungen anrichten, die aktive Beteiligung von Al Kaida auf Seiten der Huthigegner, die Tatsache, dass beide Seiten gleichermaßen auf Taiz drücken, weil sie sich von einem Erfolg in Taiz eine Wende des Krieges zu ihren Gunsten oder zumindest eine bessere weil stärkere Ausgangsposition für die geplanten Friedensgespräche erhoffen. Und hier wird so getan, als würden sich die Huthis Friedensgesprächen verweigern, solange sie nicht militärisch schwach oder geschlagen sind – was effektiv falsch ist.

Commentaries: Can you spot the anomaly in the first paragraph? Saudi airdrops weapons to a city that is starving and desperate for medicines - why not humanitarian aid? Don't get me wrong - Taiz people are suffering horribly. But they are pawns in this battle - being starved and surrounded by conflict from the air and from the ground, and little medical care available. Most of Yemen is under a Saudi led blockade. But if Saudi 'liberates' Taiz it will flood it with food and ensure the electricity works - things which are denied to the north of Yemen - so that the people can be 'grateful' to them. And meantime, no reports on the people of Saada who are suffering just as badly.

https://www.facebook.com/yemennewstodayenglish/posts/1064000683752422

The Houthis were prepared to negotiate a peace deal in Taiz 6 month ago, before Taiz was destroyed, but the local militia only wanted a military victory. That tied in with the article I posted a few days ago, which interviewed a Yemeni army officer fighting on the pro-Saudi coalition side, stating that Taiz would never accept a peace deal, only a military victory.

https://www.facebook.com/yemennewstodayenglish/posts/1062162257269598

Waffenhandel / Arms Trade

siehe auch / see also Großbritannien / Great Britain, Schweiz / Switzerland

27.11.2015 – Global Post

Weapons from foreign powers, including Brazil, fuel the Yemen conflict

Yemen is the new Syria. A civil war erupted there early this year between two factions, each claiming to be the legitimate government. Complicating matters, local chapters of Al Qaeda and the so-called Islamic State stepped up their operations and now control large swaths of Yemeni territory. Airstrikes are routine and the country's ancient cities lie in ruins.

But what keeps the bloody affair going is a relentless supply of weaponry from foreign powers.

The crisis in Yemen is about much more than control of the capital, Sana’a. The beleaguered country is caught up in a broader proxy war pitting a Saudi-led and United States-backed coalition that supports the now-ousted Hadi government, against the Houthi militia group now in control of the government in Sana’a and supported by Iran.

The United States, Saudi Arabia, Iran and their partners are not the only suppliers of arms and munitions. Brazil, a country not typically associated with meddling in the Middle East, is also indirectly involved. A number of unexploded ordnance and cluster munitions traced to a Brazilian manufacturer — Avibras Indústria Aeroespacial — recently showed up on the ground. They appear to be the property of the Saudi-led coalition.

According to Armament Research Services (ARES), a private research group, the Brazilian weapons recently documented in Yemen are SS-60 MK 4 cargo rockets, a type of cluster munition. They were launched from an ASTROS multiple-launch rocket system. Each rocket contains numerous smaller munitions, known as submunitions, which are dispersed over the target area with the intention of detonating on contact.

Because such munitions are indiscriminate and do not always explode after impact, they pose a continuing threat to civilians. The use of cluster munitions is banned in dozens of countries for that reason. Around 100 states have suspended their manufacture, stockpiling and use. Brazil, Saudi Arabia and the United States, among others, have not.

Avibras claims that its submunitions are supposed to self-destruct shortly after impact if the fuses fail to function. However, recent photographic evidence reveals that several submunitions failed to function properly during attacks in Yemen. The Brazilian-manufactured rockets werereportedly used by Saudi coalition forces on Oct. 27.

Brazil is now the second largest producer of small arms and ammunition in the Western Hemisphere and ranks fourth in the world. Avibras is currently exploring weapons deals with Saudi Arabia and Qatar valued at more than $2 billion and many other firms are doing brisk business abroad. Yet Brazil prides itself on promoting peace and security while upholding the highest standards of human rights. The brazen contradiction is increasingly difficult to maintain – by Robert Muggah and Nathan B. Thompson

http://www.globalpost.com/article/6694801/2015/11/26/brazilian-made-weapons-fuel-war-yemen

Kommentar: Die Liste der Länder, die Waffen an die Saudis liefern, wird immer länger – und damit auch die Liste derjenigen, die Mord und Zerstörung im Jemen möglich machen.

27.11.2015 – Middle East Newsline

U.S. Looks To Supply GCC In Yemen

The U.S. defense industry sees a major opportunity in supplying the Saudi-led coalition in its war against Iranian-backed forces in Yemen.
Executives said U.S. defense majors have been lobbying to maintain supplies of combat platforms and munitions to Saudi Arabia and other members of the war coalition. They said the administration of President Barack Obama, despite pressure from Teheran, was approving the export of virtually every weapon already in the arsenal of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, the leading members of the coalition.

http://www.menewsline.com/article-1173,35822-U-S-Looks-To-Supply-GCC-In-Yemen.aspx

Kommentar: Bezahlartikel; aber schon die paar Sätze der Zusammenfassung werfen ein entlarvendes Licht auf die USA. Und ganz unverhohlen wird jetzt auch von den Akteuren selbst einmal gesagt, wofür diese Waffen dienen sollen: Für den Krieg im Jemen.

27.11.2015 – Bonn International Center for Conversion – Internationales Konversionszentrum Bonn

Globaler Militarisierungsindex 2015: Massive Hochrüstung im Nahen und Mittleren Osten hält an

Der Globale Militarisierungsindex (GMI) 2015 des BICC (Internationales Konversionszentrum Bonn) offenbart einen ungebrochenen Trend zur Hochrüstung im Nahen und Mittleren Osten. Diesen sehen die Autoren Jan Grebe und Max M. Mutschler im Zusammenhang mit dem dortigen Konfliktgeschehen und Machtstreitigkeiten. So sind im diesjährigen Ranking Israel (Platz 1), Jordanien (Platz 4) und Kuwait (Platz 9) erneut unter den TOP 10. Neben dem israelisch-palästinensischen Konflikt dürften der Bürgerkrieg in Syrien sowie die regionale Bedrohung durch den Islamischen Staat (IS) Triebfedern für hohe Militarisierungsgrade sein.
„Das vielfältige und komplexe Konfliktgeschehen in der Region ist ein treibender Faktor für die Aufrüstung und Modernisierung der Streitkräfte“, erläutern Jan Grebe und Max Mutschler das Ranking des GMI im Nahen und Mittleren Osten. Die Autoren verweisen darauf, dass Syrien, das in den letzten Jahren stets unter den Top 10 zu finden war, im GMI 2015 zwar fehlt. Dies sei jedoch der Tatsache geschuldet, dass es für das Bürgerkriegsland keine validen Daten gibt. Kuwait (Platz 9) und Bahrain (Platz 15) sowie Oman (Platz 13) und Saudi-Arabien (Platz 17), die auch im Krieg im Jemen involviert sind, stellen hingegen regionale Konfliktparteien dar, die hohe Militarisierungsgrade aufweisen.
Autor Jan Grebe sieht in diesem Zusammenhang auch die Beschaffungsausgaben für moderne Waffensysteme in Milliardenhöhe, die etwa Saudi-Arabien tätigt, und betont: „Angesichts der eskalierenden Situation im Nahen und Mittleren Osten müssen sich viele Staaten – einschließlich Deutschlands - die Frage stellen, inwieweit sie mit ihrer Rüstungsexportpolitik in dieser Region zur Konfliktdynamik beitragen.“

Militarisierung bleibt ein umstrittener Begriff. „Während viele Beobachter Militarisierung allein als Zunahme des militärischen Potenzials eines Staates sehen, bildet der GMI das relative Gewicht des Militärapparats von Staaten im jeweiligen Verhältnis zur Gesellschaft als Ganzes ab“, stellt Mutschler klar. Aus diesem Grund untersucht der GMI 2015 erstmals unter Einbeziehung des Human Development Index (HDI) den Zusammenhang zwischen Militarisierung und menschlicher Entwicklung.
http://www.bicc.de/fileadmin/Dateien/pdf/press/2015/PE_GMI_HDI_D_2015_1127.pdf
Der Globale Militarisierungsindex bildet alljährlich das relative Gewicht des Militärapparats von Staaten im jeweiligen Verhältnis zur Gesellschaft als Ganzes ab. Er stellt zum Beispiel die Militärausgaben ins Verhältnis zum BIP und den staatlichen Gesundheitsausgaben (Anteil am BIP). Der GMI 2015 umfasst 152 Staaten und basiert auf den aktuellsten vorliegenden Zahlen, in der Regel sind das die Daten des Jahres 2014.
Das BICC (Bonn International Center for Conversion – Internationales Konversionszentrum Bonn) ist ein außeruniversitärer Think Tank mit einem internationalen Mitarbeiterstab. Es wurde 1994 gegründet und ist Mitglied der Johannes-Rau-Forschungsgemeinschaft. Der Forschungsdirektor des BICC hat eine Professur für Friedens- und Konfliktforschung an der Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms Universität Bonn inne. http://www.bicc.de

https://idw-online.de/de/news642362 und https://www.bicc.de/fileadmin/Dateien/pdf/press/2015/PE_GMI_HDI_D_2015_1127.pdf vollständiger Bericht http://www.bicc.de/uploads/tx_bicctools/GMI_2015_D_2015.pdf

Kommentar: Interessante Zahlen, die aber durch die Art der Gewichtung doch die Welt schief abbilden. So erscheinen die USA, die mit großem Abstand die höchsten Rüstungsausgaben haben (2013, in Dollar: USA640, China 188, Russland 88, Saudi-Arabien 67, Frankreich 61, Großbritannien 58, Deutschland und Japan je 49, Indien 47 Miliarden), erst auf Rang 29, nach so waffenstarrenden imperialen Mächten wie Singapur (Platz 2), Armenien (Platz 3), Brunei (Platz 11), Oman (Platz 13), der Mongolei (Platz 16), Finnland (Platz 21) und Estland (Platz 25).

12.11.2015 – Reuters

AIRSHOW-Gulf Arabs focus on short-term military procurement needs

Big-ticket weaponry gets less short term attention / Ammunition, repairs are the immediate focus / Yemen, Iraq, Syria war strain supply chains / Renewed focus on affordability

Having rushed to war in Yemen just as oil prices sank, Gulf Arab militaries are focusing on immediate wartime needs like ammunition supplies.

Such caution does not mean the rich dynasties have lost the taste - or as they see it, the need - for advanced warplanes and regional missile defence, Arab and Western officers and industry executives at the biennial Dubai Airshow said.

Saudi Arabia for example is proceeding with a modernization of its navy, and Kuwait is still poised to buy $3 billion of fighter jets from Boeing on top of $7 billion in Eurofighters.

Such projects are partly a response by the U.S.-allied Sunni Muslim monarchies to the perceived threat from Shi'ite Iran. In Riyadh, Iran is viewed as an expansionist power bent on exporting its 1979 Islamic revolution.

This week's show recorded $40 billion in combined military and civilian sales, way down on $150 billion in 2009 and $200 billion in 2013, although on par with $30-40 billion in 2011.

As interest in big ticket weapons purchases has eased, so short-term concerns about ammunition supplies and the need to maintain existing equipment have grown.

Suppliers used to a more measured pace of weapons delivery are rushing to fill orders for ammunition and spares from the Saudi-led coalition, a pressure made more acute by demand from the Western-led air campaign against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.

UAE Air Force Commander Major-General Ibrahim Nasser Al Alawi told Reuters forecasting ammunition flows, spare parts and logistics was one of the main processes involved in sustaining an operation "which has a non-defined end".

U.S. Air Force officials at the air show echoed that. They said more planning was required on arms supplies to the region.

U.S. Air Force Secretary Deborah Lee James said U.S. officials were working to speed up foreign arms sales, adding: "It does take a certain amount of time to ramp up the industrial base to meet these needs."

Improving Gulf Arab armies' ground forces is a priority also for Washington, which is pressing Arab states to take on more responsibility for their own defence.

The Yemen war suggests there is still much work to do there.

Analysts said the unknown length and cost of the Yemen war had piled fresh uncertainty on top of economic strains caused by the recent halving of oil prices.

The cost of the aerial and ground campaign in Yemen is unknown but is estimated to run easily into billions of dollars.

One of the few large defence deals done at the show was a $1.27 billion deal by the UAE to buy early warning planes from Sweden's Saab, announced on Monday.

The deal involves placing Swedish sensors on converted Bombardier Global 6000 business jets and came after a fierce contest between Saab and U.S. contractors Boeing and Northrop Grumman – by Tim Hepher, Andrea Shalal and Nadia Saleem

http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/11/12/dubai-airshow-yemen-weapons-idUSL8N1375UV20151112#rBzRPX5HDJgoS6rd.97

Kommentar: Sehr interessanter Artikel. Das sind hier nur Auszüge, lesen Sie ihn komplett unter dem angegebenen Link! Interessant ist einmal das direkte Interesse und Engagement der US-Regierung, dass der ständige Nachschub an Waffen, Munition und militärischer Ausrüstung für die Saudis und die Golfstaaten ständig und reibungslos läuft. Und das bedeutet ja auch, der ständige Nachschub für weiteres Bomben, Morden und Zerstören im Jemenkrieg. Auch daran zeigt sich, wie sehr dieser Krieg und die von den Saudis und Verbündeten vor allem mit den Luftangriffen aneinandergereihten Kriegsverbrechen genauso auch Kriegsverbrechen der USA sind. Und: Ich hatte es bisher offenbar übersehen: Auch Schweden ist dabei, wenn es um den Verkauf von Rüstungsgütern an die Golfstaaten geht, auf dass sie dann im Jemenkrieg eingesetzt werden können! Zu den „warning planes“, von denen hier die Rede ist, und zu näheren Details die Presseerklärung von Saab:

10.11.2015 – Saab

Saab Receives Order For New Advanced Airborne Surveillance Systems From UAE

Defence and security company Saab has signed a contract with the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to expand and enhance the Emirates’ airborne surveillance capabilities. Saab will deliver a new airborne Swing Role Surveillance System (SRSS) incorporating a new version of the Saab Erieye radar system. The order value amounts to approximately USD1.27 billion.

The new SRSS for the UAE uses the Global 6000 aircraft from Bombardier as a platform. The Swing Role Surveillance System is capable of simultaneous detection and tracking of multiple targets in the air, on land and at sea. It is the latest evolution of the Erieye system that incorporates Saab’s many decades of radar capabilities across all domains.

“The new version of Erieye is without a doubt the most capable airborne early warning and control system on the market. Saab’s capability to develop high technology solutions for customers shows that our focus on research and development is the right way to ensure continued competitiveness on the defence market,” says Håkan Buskhe, President and CEO of Saab.

"Saab understands the vital importance of advanced airborne surveillance and we have a family of products that play a key role in defence and civil security. The UAE’s selection of Saab’s solution confirms our strong position regarding airborne surveillance and systems integration,” says Micael Johansson, head of Saab Business Area Electronic Defence Systems.

The work will be carried out at Saab's facilities in Gothenburg, Linköping, Järfälla, Arboga, Luleå and Centurion (South Africa).

http://saabgroup.com/Media/news-press/news/2015-11/saab-receives-order-for-new-advanced-airborne-surveillance-systems-from-uae/

Es gehören auch zwei der genannten Global 6000 Flugzeuge dazu, was die Mitteilung von Saab nicht klar macht. Siehe auch:

9.11.2015 – AIN online

Saab Lands UAE Surveillance Deal

Saab has won a contract to deliver two Bombardier Global 6000 aircraft equipped with its Swing-Role Surveillance System (SRSS) to the UAE Air Force and Air Defense. Worth 10.2 billion SEK ($1.27 billion), the contract was signed on Sunday, and was announced yesterday by Major General Abdulla Al Sayed Al Hashemi, executive director of the military committee for the Dubai Air Show.

The Swedish group is undertaking the system installation and integration, and service entry could come within two years. As well as the two new Global platforms, the contract covers upgrades for the UAE AFAD’s two existing Saab 340 Erieye aircraft.

SRSS employs a new version of the Saab Erieye radar, which has been continually developed over the years and expanded in capability from its roots as an airborne early warning sensor.

As well as the dorsally-mounted Erieye, the Global 6000-based SRSS also includes an electro-optical sensor turret and a second search radar mounted under the fuselage, plus wingtip-mounted and other antennas for electronic sensors.

Together the sensors and onboard system allow the simultaneous detection and tracking of multiple targets in the air, at sea and on land. According to Saab president and CEO Håkan Buskhe, the SRSS “is without a doubt the most capable airborne early warning and control system on the market.”

Acquiring an AEW aircraft has been an ambition of the UAE for some years and the subject of an exhaustive evaluation. At the 2009 Dubai Air Show, the UAE announced the acquisition of two former Swedish Air Force Saab 340 aircraft equipped with an earlier version of the Erieye system as an interim solution, and to provide operational experience in the employment of AEW. These two aircraft are to remain in service and receive a number of upgrades as part of the new contract, primarily involving the Erieye radar and associated systems.

https://www.ainonline.com/aviation-news/defense/2015-11-09/saab-lands-uae-surveillance-deal

Und hier der wirklich relevante Satz für den Krieg im Jemen: “Together the sensors and onboard system allow the simultaneous detection and tracking of multiple targets in the air, at sea and on land.” Wunderbar, schwedische Technik bei der Zielerfassung für die Bombardierungen im Jemen. An denen beteiligen sich ja auch die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate eifrig, es ist nicht nur Saudi-Arabien. Schweden als sechster Todesengel der EU im Jemen. Jetzt warten wir noch auf die Spanier!!

Südjemen / Southern Yemen

27.11.2015 – Emirates 24 7

Yemen president orders speeding up enlisting of fighters in army

Yemeni President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi has directed the special military commission of Yemen's national army to announce the conditions and centres of recruitments to quickly enable the popular resistance fighters to join the national army officially, the official Yemen News Agency reported.

This came during the commission's meeting chaired by the commander of the fourth governorate in Aden, Major General Ahmed Saif Al Yafei.

Brigadier Nasser Mishabbab Al Otaibi, Commander of the UAE Taskforce in the Arab Coalition Forces in Aden, attended the meeting.

During the meeting, President Hadi urged the commission members to exert more efforts in cooperation with the Yemeni military and field commanders to identify those fit for serving in the national army and the security service charged with protecting the security and stability of Yemen's liberated governorates.

The legitimate Yemeni government forces are fighting the rebel Houthi militia and forces loyal to ousted president Ali Abdullah Saleh in various areas of the country.

http://www.emirates247.com/news/region/yemen-president-orders-speeding-up-enlisting-of-fighters-in-army-2015-11-27-1.612065

Kommentar: Es gibt zwei sich bekriegende jemenitische Armeen, dazu siehe unter Allgemeines den Beitrag von Judith Brown.

26.11.2015 – Telepolis

Letzte Woche ist der nach Saudi-Arabien geflüchtete jemenitische Präsident Abed Rabbo Mansur Hadi wieder nach Aden zurückgekehrt, das als provisorische Hauptstadt fungiert, da Sanaa weiter von den Huthis und anderen verbündeten Gruppen kontrolliert wird. Nach mehreren Monaten hatten die Regierungstruppen die stark zerstörte Hafenstadt wieder einnehmen können, allerdings hat sich dort auch al-Qaida (AQAP) festgesetzt, die auch die umgebenden Provinzen und große Teile von Hadramaut sowie die wichtige Hafenstadt al-Mukalla kontrollieren. Das syrische Muster wiederholt sich hier. Im Kampf gegen die aufständischen Huthis und ihre Verbündeten duldet die saudische Koalition die Islamisten von al-Qaida. Gegen die will man kämpfen, wenn der Aufstand niedergeschlagen ist, aber bis dahin haben sich al-Qaida und vielleicht auch der IS festgesetzt, während der Einsatz von ausländischen Söldnertruppen eine Lösung des Konflikts immer schwieriger machen dürfte – von Florian Rötzer

http://www.heise.de/tp/artikel/46/46681/1.html

26.11.2015 – Hisham Al-Omeisy

Hadi meets Aden's security committee today while allegedly Houthi tied to car & dragged around Aden to death!

https://twitter.com/omeisy/status/669886188833083392

UNO und Friedensverhandlungen / UN and peace talks

27.11.2015 – UN Security Council

December 2015 Monthly Forecast Yemen

New momentum towards organising negotiations between the warring Yemeni parties occurred when the Houthis, a Zaydi Shiite rebel group, informed the Secretary-General in a 7 October letter of their commitment to resolution 2216. (Resolution 2216 was adopted in April shortly after the outbreak of full-scale war, imposing a number of demands on the group.) After talks were announced, but not held in September, the Yemeni government called for a Houthi public commitment to implement resolution 2216 before it would participate in negotiations. The General People’s Congress—the political party of former president Ali Abdullah Saleh, whose loyalists in security forces have allied with the Houthis—announced a similar commitment. On 23 October, following further discussions with Yemeni transitional president Abdo Rabbo Mansour Hadi, Ould Cheikh Ahmed announced that the Yemeni parties had agreed to direct negotiations. At press time, efforts were still ongoing to organise these talks.

On the ground, fighting across Yemen continued unabated. However, the Saudi Arabia-led military coalition saw its advances stall after initially driving the Houthis out of much of the south during the summer. Taiz, Yemen’s third-largest city, continues to be fiercely contested; Houthi and Saleh forces have maintained a siege of the city and blocked access to humanitarian assistance. On 7 November, Khaled Bahah, Yemen’s vice president, indicated that pro-government forces intended to “liberate” Taiz before peace talks.

Aden, which the coalition captured in July, has been beset by lawlessness. Al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) is visibly present in parts of the city. On 6 October, suicide bombings, claimed by the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), struck a hotel in Aden housing Yemeni government officials and a coalition military base. The attacks killed 15 people. In November, the Houthis reportedly retook some territory, including a strategic hill that overlooks the Al-Anad airbase in Lahj province bordering Aden and a base near the strait of Bab al-Mandab. This followed Sudan’s deploying troops to Yemen in mid-October to reinforce coalition ground forces. Some 800 Colombian mercenaries also reportedly joined coalition forces.

The war continues to take a devastating toll on civilians. On 27 October, airstrikes destroyed a Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) hospital in Sa’dah governorate. Earlier in October, Amnesty International published a report, based on investigations into 13 airstrikes in Sa’dah governorate, in which it asserted that coalition airstrikes have deliberately targeted civilian objects or disproportionately harmed civilians and civilian objects, and have involved serious violations of international humanitarian law, including war crimes. The violence, together with coalition restrictions on shipping, which have greatly limited essential imports such as food, fuel and medicine, continue to create a severe humanitarian crisis. More than 21 million people (80 percent of the population) are in need of assistance, and the UN has continued to raise warnings about the risk of famine. As of 31 October, the World Health Organisation reported that 5,723 people have been killed and nearly 27,000 wounded since the conflict’s escalation in late March.

Saudi Arabia, despite not being on the Council, has been able to exert strong influence on its decision-making. Resolution 2216 was drafted by Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) members with Jordan leading Council negotiations on the draft instead of the UK, the traditional penholder on Yemen. Saudi Arabia played a direct role during these negotiations. More recently, in October, Jordan organised a Council Arria-formula meeting at which Saudi Arabia’s director of the King Salman Humanitarian Aid and Relief Centre briefed, along with OCHA’s O’Brien, about Saudi Arabia’s humanitarian assistance to Yemen. The close relationship that many members have with Saudi Arabia and other GCC countries has made the Council sensitive to Saudi influence and often restrained members’ ability to discuss the situation more critically, despite most members’ concerns about the prudence of the military intervention and the humanitarian situation.

There have, however, been noticeable areas of divergence. The US, along with other members, have, over recent months, repeated that resolution 2216’s implementation can occur over time through a negotiation process, and should not be made a precondition for talks. The recent decision by the Yemen government to enter talks (despite no agreement yet on when they will be held) seems to indicate that they have accepted this view, after previously insisting that before any negotiations the Houthis first implement the resolution’s provisions on surrendering heavy weapons and withdrawing from cities. Overall, the Council is dependent on the Special Envoy’s mediation efforts to resolve the conflict, and members appear to be hoping for progress on a political process that the Council can then support.

http://www.securitycouncilreport.org/monthly-forecast/2015-12/yemen_19.php

Kommentar: Der UN-Sicherheitsrat ist bisher vor allem durch Parteilichkeit und Duldung (freundlich ausgedrückt) der saudischen Luftangriffe aufgefallen. Der Wortschaum, den er hier veröffentlicht, erscheint mir zum großen Teil wenig interessant. Er hat nichts für den Jemen getan und wird nichts für den Jemen tun, allen tollen Berichten und „Key Issues“ und „Options“ zum Trotz. Am interessanten ist das entlarvende Eingeständnis zur eigenen Resolution 2216, die ganz wesentlich dazu beigetragen hat, den Jemenkrieg samt Luftangriffen und allem, was dazugehört, etwa ab Mai bis auf den heutigen Tag am Laufen zu halten. Wenn man es recht bedenkt, ist dieses Eingeständnis eine groteske Bankrotterklärung des ganzen Gremiums. Insoweit, danke für diesen Bericht!

27.11.2015 – Yemen News Today

Well, it needs more than words. HRW, Amnesty, Oxfam, UNICEF, ICRC all speak out but the UN seems stupefied - even allowing Saudi to investigate its own war crimes in Yemen. The population is being slaughtered and the land destroyed - both modern and ancient, public and private. The UN has done so little in this war but reward the Saudi-led coalition for its ferocious attack on Yemen. I am not surprised. It allowed a genocidal blockade on Iraq, and a never ending war on imprisoned Gazans. It wrings its hands when populations flee from their impossible lives - and from what I hear, prettier tents and ever smaller bags of rice seem to be the UN answer.

https://www.facebook.com/yemennewstodayenglish/posts/1064517760367381

25.11.2015 – Sputnik News

Yemeni Government Ready to Negotiate With Houthi Rebels - Vice President

The Yemeni government is ready to negotiate a peace deal with the Shiite Houthi rebels, the main opposition force in the country, Vice President and Prime Minister Khaled Bahah said, as quoted by the media on Thursday.

"All coalition forces are seeking to regain security and stability in Yemen, because we have a good opportunity to establish real and strong peace," Bahah was quoted as saying by the WAM news agency.

According to the news outlet, Bahah made this statement on Wednesday at a meeting with UN Special Envoy to Yemen, Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, in Riyadh, during which the next round of negotiations of Yemeni government with Houthis and their supporters was discussed.

One of the main goals of the UN-brokered Yemeni talks is the implementation of basic provisions of UN Security Council Resolution 2216, which stipulates an immediate ceasefire and the resumption of a peaceful political process in Yemen, as well as calling on the Houthis to vacate government buildings and withdraw their forces from occupied areas.

http://sputniknews.com/middleeast/20151126/1030780821/rebels-houthis-yemen-talks.html

Saudi Arabien / Saudi Arabia

27.11.2015 – RT

Blutiger Freitag in Saudi-Arabien: Golf-Monarchie kündigt 55 Hinrichtungen an

Saudi-Arabien hat angekündigt, in den kommenden Tagen 55 Menschen zu köpfen, die von Riad des Terrorismus beschuldigt werden. Amnesty International kritisiert dies scharf. Die Vermutung liegt nahe, das saudische Königshaus nutze lediglich die Anschuldigung des Terrorismus, um innenpolitische Gegner auszuschalten. Die wahhabitischen Golf-Monarchie ist ein wichtiger Verbündeter der USA und Großbritanniens und bedeutender Handelspartner von Deutschland.

Veröffentlicht wurde die Information über die anstehenden 55 Hinrichtungen in saudischen Medien. Dort heißt es "Al-Kaida-Terroristen" und "Kriminelle" aus der Stadt Awamiya werden in den kommenden Tagen exekutiert. Der genaue Ort und die Zeit der Hinrichtungen wurden noch nicht angegeben, doch wird vermutet, dass diese im Anschluss an die heutigen Freitagsgebete durchgeführt werden.

Laut der saudischen Zeitung Okaz wird den 55 Verurteilten vorgeworfen, Polizisten angegriffen, Bombenattentate verübt und einen Regierungsumsturz angestrebt zu haben. Laut der Zeitung seien dabei über 100 Zivilisten und 71 Sicherheitsbeamte ums Leben gekommen. Einer der Gefangenen soll zudem versucht haben, im Jemen radioaktives Material im Wert von 1,5 Millionen Dollar zu kaufen.

Diese Angaben sind jedoch mit Vorsicht zu genießen. In der östlichen Provinzstadt Awamiya - aus der die Verurteilten kommen - haben die Behörden 2011 Proteste der dortigen schiitischen Bevölkerungsmehrheit unterdrückt - das saudische Königreich gehört der sunnitischen Glaubensrichtung an.

Zudem wurde kürzlich auch der palästinensische Dichter Aschraf Fajadh von einem saudischen Gericht zum Tode verurteilt, weil er sich blasphemisch geäußert haben soll. Außerdem habe er "destruktive Gedanken" verbreitet. Zwischen August 2014 und Juni 2015 wurden 175 Menschen in der wahhabitischen Golf-Monarchie exekutiert, unter ihnen auch Minderjährige. Gründe für eine Hinrichtung können zudem auch kleinere Drogendelikte sein.

Die angekündigte Massenhinrichtung wurde umgehend von Amnesty International kritisiert. Die Menschenrechtsorganisation merkte an, selbst für Saudi-Arabien ist eine derartige Zahl von Exekutionen an einem einzigen Tag außergewöhnlich hoch.

Zwar schafft es Kritik an den saudischen Menschenrechtsverletzungen immer mal wieder in den deutschen Medienmainstream, ernsthaften Druck seitens westlicher Regierungen hat das totalitäre Königshaus in Saudi-Arabien jedoch nicht zu befürchten. Zu wichtig ist die Monarchie als Lieferant von Öl und als Abnehmer vor allem auch deutscher Waffen.

https://deutsch.rt.com/der-nahe-osten/35773-blutiger-freitag-in-saudi-arabien/

26.11.2015 – Watson.ch

6 Fakten, die zeigen, dass Saudi Arabien keinen Deut besser ist als der «IS» – aber die Schweiz liefert weiterhin Waffen

Was man dem «Islamischen Staat» vorwirft, das kann man, in ähnlicher Form, auch Saudi-Arabien vorwerfen. Der einzige Unterschied: Saudi-Arabien gilt als unerlässlicher Partner des Westens: Wegen seines Ölreichtums und weil es Stabilitätsgarant in einer notorisch instabilen Weltgegend ist.

Ein Überblick über die Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede zwischen dem «Islamischen Staat» und Saudi-Arabien zeigt: Die Terrororganisation und die absolutistisch-salafistische Golfmonarchie sind Brüder im Geiste.

1 Pressefreiheit

2 Justiz

3 Frauenrechte

2015 hat Saudi-Arabien seinen Bürgerinnen das erste Mal in der Geschichte des Landes das (kommunale) Wahlrecht zugestanden. Das ist aber nicht viel mehr als ein Feigenblatt. Ohne die Zustimmung eines Mannes kann die Frau keinen Pass ausstellen lassen, nicht reisen, nicht heiraten, keine höhere Ausbildung machen. Ausserhalb der eigenen vier Wände sollen Frauen den Kontakt mit Männern aufs Nötigste beschränken. Zudem verbietet der Golfstaat seinen Bürgerinnen nach wie vor, Auto zu fahren: Notabene als einziges Land der Welt. Auch in der Arbeitswelt sind Frauen auf ihre Männer, Brüder, Onkeln oder Söhne angewiesen.

4 Verfolgung von Minderheiten

9 Millionen Gastarbeiter zählt die Golfmonarchie. Gewalt und Ausbeutung sind für viele von ihnen an der Tagesordnung. Verantwortlich dafür ist das Kafala-System, das den ausländischen (ungelernten) Arbeitnehmer an einen sogenannten Sponsoren bindet, ohne dessen Zustimmung der Arbeitnehmer weder den Arbeitgeber wechseln, noch das Land verlassen darf. Faktisch kommt das Kafala-System der Leibeigenschaft gleich. Der Sponsor darf den Pass des Gastarbeiters behalten und kann ihn so unter Druck setzen. Auch das Zurückhalten von Löhnen ist üblich.

5 Religion

In Saudi-Arabien ist der ultra-konservative Wahabismus Staatsreligion. Die puristisch-traditionalistische sunnitische Strömung lehnt alle anderen islamischen Religionsströmungen als unislamisch ab. Der sogenannte «Islamische Staat», al-Kaida und andere extremistische sunnitische Gruppierungen ähneln in vielen Aspekten dem wahabitischen Islam. Kein Wunder, dass die Terrororganisationen in Saudi-Arabien viele Anhänger findet: Die Golfmonarchie, bzw. Privatpersonen innerhalb des Herrschaftszirkels sowie klerikale Kreise gehören zu den grössten Förderern und Geldgebern des «IS».

Der Autor Kamel Daoud hat in einem Beitrag für die New York Times den Einmarsch der US-Amerikaner im Irak als Mutter des «IS» bezeichnet. Der Vater aber, so Daoud, ist Saudi-Arabien und seine religiös-industrielle Propaganda. Saudi-Arabien, folgert der algerische Autor weiter, ist das, was der «Islamische Staat» zu werden hofft.

6. Kriegsverbrechen: Krieg im Jemen.

http://www.watson.ch/International/Islamischer%20Staat%20%28IS%29/375499039-6-Fakten--die-zeigen--dass-Saudi-Arabien-keinen-Deut-besser-ist-als-der-%C2%ABIS%C2%BB-%E2%80%93-aber-die-Schweiz-liefert-weiterhin-Waffen

25.11.2015 – New York Times

Letter From Saudi Arabia

I spent an evening with Mohammed bin Salman at his office, and he wore me out. With staccato energy bursts, he laid out in detail his plans. His main projects are an online government dashboard that will transparently display the goals of each ministry, with monthly K.P.I.s — key performance indicators — for which each minister will be held accountable. His idea is to get the whole country engaged in government performance. Ministers tell you: Since Mohammed arrived, big decisions that took two years to make now happen in two weeks.

“Seventy percent of Saudis are under age 30, and their perspective is different from the other 30 percent,” said Mohammed. “I am working to create for them the country they want to be living in in the future.”

As for ISIS, Mohammed disputed that it is a product of Saudi religious thinking, arguing that it was in fact a counterreaction to the brutalization of Iraqi Sunnis by the Iranian-directed Shiite-led government in Baghdad of Nouri al-Maliki and to the crushing of Syrian Sunnis by the Iranian-backed government in Damascus. “There was no [ISIS] before America departed from Iraq. And then America leaves and Iran enters, and then ISIS appears,” he said.

He complained that at a time when ISIS is blowing up mosques in Saudi Arabia in an effort to destabilize the regime, the world is accusing Saudi Arabia of inspiring ISIS: “The [ISIS] terrorists are telling me that I am not a Muslim. And the world is telling me I am a terrorist.”

This is the legacy, though, of decades of one part of the Saudi government and society promoting Salafist Islam and the other part working with the West to curb jihadists. As I said, the world has been frustrated with that dichotomy.

[on the Yemen war]: Saudi officials made clear to me that they are ready for a negotiated solution, and don’t want to be stuck in a quagmire there, but that the Houthis will get serious only if they keep losing ground, as they have been.

“The other side has trouble reaching a political consensus,” said Mohammed, who is also defense minister. “But whenever they sustain loses on the ground and international pressure, they get serious [about negotiating]. We are trying to bring this to an end.”

Like just about every official I spoke with on this trip to the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, Mohammed voiced a desire for America not to abandon the region. “There are times when there is a leader and not a leader [in the world], and when there are no leaders, chaos will ensue.” – by Thomas L. Friedman

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/25/opinion/letter-from-saudi-arabia.html?_r=1

Kommentar: Ein interessanter Blick auf Saudi-Arabien aus der Perspektive von jemand, der mit den führenden Personen zusammentrifft. Man hört hier, wie sich Prinz Mohammed, Verteidigungsminister und „spiritus rector“ des Jemenkriegs, die Lage vorstellt oder zumindest darstellen will. Nun ja, auch durch diese Kontakte kommt Friedman der Wahrheit nicht gerade näher. Der Prinz geriert sich hier als Reformer (freilich mehr der Form als des Inhalts!!), und an ISIS sind ausgerechnet der Iran und die Schiiten schuld. Absurd. Diesen Artikel kommentiert Jamila Hanan so: Never mind the FACTS of kids buried in their homes every single day, watch a sweet presentation + everything is rosy. https://twitter.com/JamilaHanan/status/669791255354822657 . Stimmt.

USA

27.11.2015 – Middle East Newsline

U.S. Looks To Supply GCC In Yemen

The U.S. defense industry sees a major opportunity in supplying the Saudi-led coalition in its war against Iranian-backed forces in Yemen.
Executives said U.S. defense majors have been lobbying to maintain supplies of combat platforms and munitions to Saudi Arabia and other members of the war coalition. They said the administration of President Barack Obama, despite pressure from Teheran, was approving the export of virtually every weapon already in the arsenal of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, the leading members of the coalition.

http://www.menewsline.com/article-1173,35822-U-S-Looks-To-Supply-GCC-In-Yemen.aspx

Kommentar: Bezahlartikel; aber schon die paar Sätze der Zusammenfassung werfen ein entlarvendes Licht auf die USA. Und ganz unverhohlen wird jetzt auch von den Akteuren selbst einmal gesagt, wofür diese Waffen dienen sollen: Für den Krieg im Jemen.

27.11.2015 – Vice News

Troubling Questions Are Being Asked About the US Role in Yemen

The Saudi-led coalition targeting Houthi rebels in Yemen has failed to investigate hundreds of reported civilian casualties in the country, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said on Friday in a damning summary of attacks perpetrated during Riyadh's US-backed campaign.

The group's findings include details of what it said were 10 apparently unlawful coalition strikes that led to the deaths of at least 309 non-combatants, and wounded an additional 414 civilians. In each of the incidents, investigators concluded that there was "either no evident military target or that the attack failed to distinguish civilians from military objectives."

In Friday's report, HRW cited the Houthis specifically for endangering civilians, but focused primarily on the coalition's transgressions. For months, the UN has said the majority of civilian deaths in the conflict resulted from Saudi-led airstrikes.

Notably, HRW for the first time named the United States as a party to the conflict in Yemen, and said that Washington was obliged to carry out its own investigations into civilian casualties. Since the start of hostilities in late March, the US has provided coalition forces with vital logistical and intelligence support, including what it terms "targeting assistance." As of October, US planes flying over Saudi Arabia had refueled coalition jets more than 2,100 times — even as it publicly distanced itself from potential war crimes committed by those very planes.

In recent months, the Obama administration has taken to pains to nudge itself away from the growing toll of coalition bombings. On October 2, following a deadly airstrike that hit a wedding in the southwest of the Yemen, the White House's National Security Council said it was "deeply concerned" about civilian casualties, but added that the US "has no role in targeting decisions made by the coalition in Yemen."

Experts and human rights officials said the statement didn't directly address Washington's heavy involvement in coalition attacks, nor the more than $90 billion in weaponry that the US has sold the Saudis since 2010. In light of earlier information that the US was maintaining a "Joint Combined Planning Cell" in Saudi Arabia staffed with American personnel, VICE News made multiple attempts to clarify what steps military planners had implemented to reduce civilian casualties.

In response, CENTCOM officials insist this is their goal in Yemen, but provided no further details. Asked about specific incidents, and whether the US was involved in the targeting process for operations that killed civilians, defense officials cited operational security.

VICE News also requested, from both CENTCOM and the Pentagon, details of any US investigations into such casualties. In both cases no answer was provided. CENTCOM has specifically directed inquiries on civilian casualties to the Saudis, who refuse to respond to requests, both from VICE News and HRW researchers. In one rare case, Saudi Arabia's ambassador to the UN admitted to VICE News that coalition jets hit a Doctors Without Borders-affiliated hospital on October 26, only to walk back that version of events the following day – by Samuel Oakford

https://news.vice.com/article/troubling-questions-are-being-raised-about-the-us-role-in-yemen

Commentary: The HRW report above in Allgemeines / General.

19.11.2015 – Zeit Online

Drohnenpiloten erheben Vorwürfe gegen Obama

In einem offenen Brief an die US-Regierung, der ZEIT ONLINE vorliegt, haben vier Piloten den Drohnenkrieg kritisiert. Er sei ein Terroristen-Rekrutierungsprogramm

Vier ehemalige US-Drohnenpiloten, die jahrelang unter anderem im Irak und in Afghanistan tödliche Drohnen gegen angebliche Terroristen einsetzten, klagen jetzt in einem offenen Brief diesen Drohnenkrieg als einen einzigen Irrweg an.

Der Brief, der ZEIT ONLINE vorliegt, ist an den amerikanischen Präsidenten Barack Obama, den US-Verteidigungsminister Ashton B. Carter und den CIA-Chef John O. Brennan gerichtet und nennt die massenhafte Tötung durch Drohnen eine Art Rekrutierungsprogramm für neue Terroristen.

Die Autoren vergleichen die langfristigen Auswirkungen des Drohnenprogramms mit den katastrophalen Folgen der menschenverachtenden Praxis im Militärgefängnis in Guantanamo. Wir dokumentieren den Brief nachfolgend aus dem Englischen übersetzt.

Diese Regierung und ihre Vorgängerregierung haben ein Drohnenprogramm aufgesetzt, das eine der verheerendsten Triebfedern des Terrorismus und der Destabilisierung weltweit ist.

Wir können Tragödien wie den Anschlägen von Paris nicht einfach schweigend zusehen, während wir die verheerenden Effekte kennen, die das Drohnenprogramm hierzulande und anderswo hat. Ein solches Stillschweigen bedeutete einen Verstoß gegen die Eide, die wir zur Unterstützung und zur Verteidigung der Verfassung geschworen haben.

http://www.zeit.de/politik/ausland/2015-11/drohnen-piloten-offener-brief-obama

Großbritannien / Great Britain

27.11.2015 – Middle East Eye

UK rules out probe over British weapon used in Yemen air strike

Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch say that a UK-made missile was used to destroy a civilian factory in September

The UK government will not launch a special probe into the use of its weapons in the Yemen war, despite reports that a UK-made missile destroyed a civilian factory in September in violation of international law.

A joint investigation by Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch published on Wednesday found that a ceramics factory in Yemen’s Sanaa governorate appeared to be producing only civilian goods when it was destroyed by a PGM-500 missile made by British firm Marconi.

Responding to fresh allegations that UK-made weapons were used in coalition strikes that breached international law, the British Foreign Office stressed that it operates “one of the most robust arms export control regimes in the world”.

However, asked whether the UK will now launch a specific investigation into the use of British-made weapons in Yemen, a spokesperson for the government instead said that it “monitors alleged international humanitarian law [IHL] violations”.

The spokesperson says the UK has “repeatedly received assurances of compliance with IHL” from Saudi Arabia, which is leading the coalition.

"We are offering advice and training to the Saudis to demonstrate best practice and to help ensure continued compliance with international humanitarian law.” – by Mary Atkinson

http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/uk-will-not-launch-probe-allegations-british-weapons-used-illegal-yemen-air-strike-1856819426

Kommentar: Die britischen Auslassungen zu den Vorwürfen bzw. dem Nachweis der Verwendung britischer Geschosse im Jemenkrieg sind von einer Unverfrorenheit, dass es einem die Sprache verschlägt. Man will einfach von den Tatsachen nichts wissen, und keine Äußerung ist dämlich genug, um nicht zu diesem Zweck getan zu werden.

24.11.2015 – Open Democracy

Where is the outrage on David Cameron’s scandal in the Gulf?

The UAE, we now know, was busy planning its own operation against Muslim Brotherhood affiliates at home while urging David Cameron to do the same in Britain.

Whether it’s ‘cash for questions’ or ‘homes for votes’, there is often a tawdry quid pro quo at the heart of a good British political scandal. So it’s worth asking why there has not been more public outrage about explosive revelations that David Cameron was offered lucrative arms and oil deals for British businesses if he helped reign in the Muslim Brotherhood’s activities in the UK.

Leaked emails obtained by The Guardian revealed that in June 2012 the United Arab Emirates tried to influence the UK to take steps against the Muslim Brotherhood in return for keeping or getting lucrative contracts.

Increasingly, the behaviour of the UK suggests that a more pertinent question is whether the UK’s Gulf policy is actually strengthening repression and emboldening authoritarian rulers in the region.

Take the increasingly bloody current conflict in Yemen, for example. A senior Foreign Office representative recently told my colleagues that the British government “disagrees” with a Human Rights Watch assessment that the Saudi-led coalition may have committed war crimes in the course of air-strikes against Houthi forces. Yet on November 10, Foreign Secretary Phillip Hammond admitted that Saudi’s denial of breaching the laws of war are ”not enough” and that “proper investigations” are needed. So why did the UK withdraw its support for a UN Human Rights Council resolution back in September, which would have led to the credible international investigation Hammond now claims he wants to see? In the meantime, the UK has approved some 37 export licenses for military goods to Saudi Arabia since March, alongside technical support and British liaison personnel based both in Saudi and coalition military headquarters.

Yet despite clear evidence that the British government is backing repressive governments in the Gulf, and also supplying arms to an Arab coalition plagued by mounting allegations of war crimes, few in Parliament are asking why. A small band of MPs have consistently criticized UK policy on Bahrain and Saudi, including the new Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn, who in Septemberwrote that “we must … oppose Saudi bombs falling on Yemen and the Bahraini dictatorship murdering its democracy movement, armed by us.” – by Nicholas McGeehan

https://www.opendemocracy.net/uk/nicholas-mcgeehan/where-is-outrage-on-david-cameron-s-scandal-in-gulf

Schweiz / Switzerland

26.11.2015 – Watson.ch

6 Fakten, die zeigen, dass Saudi Arabien keinen Deut besser ist als der «IS» – aber die Schweiz liefert weiterhin Waffen

Auch in der Schweiz war der Aufschrei nach den Anschlägen in Paris gross. Man distanzierte sich in aller Form von den Gräueltaten des «IS». Mit Saudi Arabien geht der Handel derweil munter weiter.

Das Ereignis füllte in den meisten Zeitungen nicht mehr als ein, zwei Spalten: Ein Transportflugzeug der saudi-arabischen Armee landete am vergangenen Mittwoch am Flughafen Zürich und verliess Kloten am Freitag Nachmittag wieder – vollbepackt mit Munition für Flugabwehrgeschütze.

Eigentlich keine grosse Meldung: Die Schweiz exportiert jährlich Kriegsmaterial im Wert von mehreren Hundert Millionen Franken. Aber seit im Jemen ein bewaffneter Konflikt ausgebrochen ist, hat der Bund ein Export-Moratorium für involvierte Staaten verhängt. Darunter fällt auch Saudi-Arabien, das die aufständische schiitische Huthi-Miliz mit durchschnittlich mehr als 125 Luftangriffen pro Tag von der Macht wegbomben will. Das Seco erklärte die Munitionslieferung an das saudische Königshaus im «Landboten» so:Geschäfte, die bereits vor Inkrafttreten des Moratoriums getätigt wurden, sind nicht von der Ausfuhrsperre betroffen.

Die Schweiz macht Geschäfte mit Saudi-Arabien, die USA macht Geschäfte mit Saudi-Arabien, die halbe Welt macht mit dem Königshaus am Golf Geschäfte.

http://www.watson.ch/International/Islamischer%20Staat%20%28IS%29/375499039-6-Fakten--die-zeigen--dass-Saudi-Arabien-keinen-Deut-besser-ist-als-der-%C2%ABIS%C2%BB-%E2%80%93-aber-die-Schweiz-liefert-weiterhin-Waffen

Kommentar: Noch ein europäisches Land, das Waffen an die Saudis liefert. Die Schweiz hat wenigstens ein, wenn auch bisher noch nicht greifendes Moratorium. Selbst das hat sie vor anderen Ländern wie den USA, Frankreich, Großbritannien, Italien und Deutschland voraus.

Söldner / Mercenaries

26.11.2015 – Telepolis

Die reichen Golfstaaten führen mit Söldnern Krieg im Jemen

Die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate setzen kolumbianische Ex-Soldaten ein, auch Söldner aus dem Sudan, Mauretanien und dem Senegal mischen in dem von den USA unterstützten Krieg der saudischen Allianz mit.

Die UAE Armed Forces bilden in Jemen Regierungstruppen aus, sie haben zudem Söldner aus Lateinamerika angestellt, um ihre Interessen im Jemen durchzusetzen. Allerdings haben die reichen und mit westlichen Waffen hochgerüsteten Golfstaaten zudem 1000 Soldaten aus dem Sudan - offenbar gegen eine Milliarde US-Dollar - sowie Soldaten aus Mauretanien und dem Senegal als Söldner in den Kampf geschickt. Möglicherweise sind auch Söldner aus Eritrea eingekauft worden.

Nach Informationen der New York Times wurde die Söldnertruppe schon seit 5 Jahren aufgebaut, zunächst in Zusammenarbeit mit dem berüchtigten Söldnerunternehmen Blackwater, aber dann durch das kolumbianische Unternehmen Global Enterprises und das Militär des Emirats. Mindestens 450 Söldner aus Kolumbien, Panama, Salvador oder Chile sollen nun im Jemen im Auftrag der Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate mitmischen, wo ähnlich wie in Syrien oder Libyen kaum mehr jemand Überblick hat, wer gegen wen für welche Interessen kämpft. Bereits Anfang Oktober sollen die ersten hundert Söldner angekommen sein, um für die saudische Koalition in Aden zu kämpfen, bis zu 800 werden erwartet.

Den ehemals kolumbianischen Soldaten, die im Regenwald gegen die FARC kämpften und so Erfahrung im Guerilla-Krieg haben, wurde für den Kampf in der Wüste angeblich ein wöchentlicher Zuschlag von 1000 US-Dollar in Aussicht gestellt. Der normale Sold soll zwischen 2000 und 3000 US-Dollar betragen, mehrlas in Kolumbien, wo 400 US-Dollar bezahlt wird. Sie stehen unter dem Kommando des UAE-Militärs, wer überlebt, soll eine Staatsbürgerschaft erhalten. Kämpfen sollen sie wohl zusammen mit den sudanesischen Söldnern, die Saudi-Arabien besorgt hat – von Florian Rötzer

http://www.heise.de/tp/artikel/46/46681/1.html

26.11.2015 – Die Presse

Südamerikaner ziehen in den Krieg um Jemen

Die Vereinigten Arabische Emirate lassen Exsoldaten aus dem fernen Kolumbien für sich kämpfen. Riad rekrutiert in Eritrea. Der Jemen-Konflikt wird zum Krieg der Söldner.

Dem „NYT“-Bericht zufolge wurde die Südamerika-Truppe bereits 2010 in den Emiraten von einer Firma mit Verbindungen zu Erik Prince ins Leben gerufen. Prince ist der Gründer des berüchtigten US-Söldnerunternehmens Blackwater. Mittlerweile würden die Scheichs selbst die Fäden ziehen. Um die Rekrutierung in Lateinamerika soll sich die Firma eines Ex-Kommandeur kolumbianischer Spezialtruppen kümmern. Die Söldner warten danach in einem Militärcamp in den Emiraten auf Aufträge, zu denen etwa der Schutz von Pipelines zählt. Heimkehrer schildern der „NYT“ ein Leben voller Fadesse in der sengenden Wüstensonne. Doch vor etwa einem Monat kam für 450 Söldner der Einsatzbefehl.

Das passt ins Bild: Anfang November monierten UN-Vertreter, Saudiarabien würde für den Krieg im Jemen Kämpfer aus Eritrea rekrutieren – und den isolierten, mit UN-Sanktionen belegten Militärstaat am Horn von Afrika dafür reich entlohnen. Sudans Entsendung von hunderten Infanteristen stehen millardenschwere Hilfskredite aus Saudiarabien und Katar gegenüber. Und es gibt Berichte, wonach auch die Huthis Söldner anwerben, etwa aus Äthiopien und Somalia.

Das Söldnertum im Jemen droht Schule zu machen: Reiche arabische Staaten mit ihren kleinen, teils unerfahrenen Streitkräften wollen im Umbruch des Nahen Ostens mitmischen, ohne ihre Bürger durch Kriegsdienste zu vergrämen – von Jürgen Streihammer

http://diepresse.com/home/politik/aussenpolitik/4875237/Sudamerikaner-ziehen-in-den-Krieg-um-Jemen?_vl_backlink=/home/politik/aussenpolitik/index.do

26.11.2015 – Forbes

In Yemen War, Mercenaries Launched By Blackwater Head Were Spotted Today -- Not Good News

The United Arab Emirates, as reported in today’s New York Times, has hired foreign mercenaries, from a program launched by Blackwater’s head Erik Prince, and secretly sent them to the fighting in Yemen. This is not a good sign. Blackwater private security alienated Iraqis against the United States. Now the use of foreign mercenaries will signify to the “outs” in the Middle East that the rich will buy guns-for-hire to use against them.

These can be viewed as a second generation of foreign mercenaries hired by the countries of the Arabian Peninsula – by Charles Tiefer

http://www.forbes.com/sites/charlestiefer/2015/11/26/in-yemen-war-mercenaries-launched-by-blackwater-head-were-spotted-today-not-good-news/

26.11.2015 – Sabanet

Leaders of Saudi aggression hirelings killed

Three leaders of the Saudi aggression hirelings were killed on Wednesday in Mareb and Taiz provinces, an official at the Defense Ministry said Thursday.

The armed forces and popular committees killed and wounded dozens of the aggression hirelings during the battles taken place in Mareb and Taiz yesterday, he said.

The dead included prominent leaders topped by Sadeq Baghaith artillery commander of the invaders in Mareb, Munasar al-Qotaibi of a field commander of the mercenaries in al-Shurrajah-Karish front and a brother of Fadel Hassan, a field commander of the mercenaries in Karish front, the official said.

http://www.sabanews.net/en/news410868.htm

Propaganda

27.11.2015 – Khaleej Street

Yemen officials discuss UN-brokered peace talks

Khaled Bahah, Vice President and Prime Minister of Yemen, has chaired an extraordinary meeting with presidential advisors and members of the legitimate government delegation to the UN-brokered talks with the rebel Houthi militia and forces loyal to ousted president Ali Abdullah Saleh.

Bahah reiterated the Yemeni governments interest in putting an end to the war and welcomed any "serious talks" to put an end to the killing and destruction and the suffering inflicted on the Yemeni people.

During the meeting, the Yemeni government officials discussed ways of reaching a permanent and lasting peace in Yemen based on the provisions of UN Security Council Resolution 2216, which stipulates an immediate ceasefire and the resumption of a peaceful political process in Yemen, and calls on the Houthis to vacate government buildings and withdraw their forces from occupied areas.

They stressed the need for the rebels to accept, unconditionally, the implementation of international resolutions on Yemen, namely UN Security Council Resolution 2216.

They expressed appreciation of the positive stance taken by Saudi-led Arab Coalition in support of Yemen as well as its members efforts to restore security and stability to all of Yemen.

The Yemeni officials also expressed appreciation of the Coalition members humanitarian and developmental aid to the Yemeni liberated governorates where the "brutal war" being waged by the rebel militias wreaked havoc.

http://khaleejstreet.com/Yemen-officials-discuss-UN-brokered-peace-talks/

Kommentar: Nichts Neues mehr seit Ewigkeiten, Dauerschleife: Die klare Forderung nach Anerkennung der UN-Resolution 2216 durch die Huthis ist die schon vorher eingebaute Sollbruchstelle für die Friedensgespräche, um sie dann abbrechen und die Schuld daran der Gegenseite zuschieben zu können. Die auf Initiative der USA eingebrachte und verabschiedete UN-Resolution 2216 zielt einzig auf die Huthis ab, für die Saudis enthält sie keinerlei Forderungen. Die Annahme der Resolution bedeutet für die Huthis die völlige Kapitulation und ist daher ausgeschlossen. So kann es ewig weitergehen.

Alberne Propaganda ist natürlich auch die Aussage: „They expressed appreciation of the positive stance taken by Saudi-led Arab Coalition in support of Yemen as well as its members efforts to restore security and stability to all of Yemen”, womit sie ja letztlich den Effekt der saudischen Luftangriffe beschreiben (Orwellscher Neusprech: Krieg ist Frieden! Freiheit ist Sklaverei! Unwissenheit ist Stärke!). Der "brutal war being waged by the rebel militias wreaked havoc” ist angesichts der saudischen Luftangriffe nicht weniger perverse Propaganda.

26.11.2015 – WAM

President of Yemen hails ERC efforts in Aden, neighbouring governorates

President of Yemen, Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi, has commended Emirates Red Crescent (ERC) for providing basic needs, including water and electricity, as well as renovating schools and hospitals in Aden and the neighbouring Yemen's governorates.

The Houthi militia and Saleh group have inflicted huge damage across the country.

https://www.wam.ae/en/news/emirates/1395288546703.html

Kommentar: Lob für den Roten Halbmond der Emirate für dessen Hilfe im Jemen, gut und recht. Dass die Not, die der Rote Halbmond nun zu lindern sucht, auch durch die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate verursacht wurde, wird natürlich ausgeblendet. Und grotesk ist es mal wieder – das ist ja Dauerschleife der Propaganda – die Zerstörungen im Land nur mit den Huthis und den Ex-Präsident Saleh anhängenden Kräften anzulasten, obwohl diese nur punktuell dafür verantwortlich sind (vor allem in Aden und Taiz), flächendeckend aber durch die Luftangriffen der saudischen Koalition verursacht wurden.

26.11.2015 – Emirates 24 7

Coalition jets drop leaflets to Yemenis north of Sanaa

Arab coalition warplanes flew over an area North of Yemen’s capital Sanaa on Wednesday and dropped leaflets asking residents to join the legitimate authority.

Yemen’s news network Masdar Online quoted residents in the Northern Al Jawf Governorate as saying several jets flew over residential areas and dropped leaflets.

“The leaflets urged residents in Al Jawf to oppose the coup rebels and join legitimacy in the country,” a resident told the network.

http://www.emirates247.com/news/region/coalition-jets-drop-leaflets-to-yemenis-north-of-sanaa-2015-11-26-1.611929

Commentary: Well I wonder if they will, after they have been bombed and bombed and bombed... They might have a different idea of who is legitimate to those described in their leaflet. This seems like an attempt to win hearts and minds. These people live just south of the Saudi border and could be fed from Saudi and get enough diesel to operate electricity - after 'liberation' Aden has 50-100% electricity for example. I guess that might be a carrot - but is it big enough? Hatred of Saudi is widespread in the northwest corner of Yemen just now. But then, this area has historically suffered from domination by the Bakil tribes and in 2012 from Houthi militias. I wait to see what they decide to do.

https://www.facebook.com/yemennewstodayenglish/posts/1063837920435365

Terrorismus / Terrorism

27.11.2015 – The Independent

Isis: Britain 'helping create territory for militant group in Yemen as they take advantage of Saudi-led war'

Humanitarian suffering of people in Yemen is 'fuel for the growth of already entrenched extremist movements'

Any military success in Syria will unravel because of the new territory Britain is helping to create for Isis who have taken advantage of the instability and wide-spread civilian destruction caused by months of a Saudi-led bombing campaign in Yemen, according to senior Foreign Office lawyers and former diplomats.

In echoes of the warnings issued to Tony Blair’s government ahead of the war in Iraq, advisers to the Foreign Secretary, Philip Hammond, are increasingly questioning the legality and the consequences of a no-questions-asked policy of selling specialist missiles to Saudi Arabia.

Frances Guy, a former British ambassador in Yemen, told The Independent: “The famine and the humanitarian situation is tragic. But we should be talking about Yemen in the context of security; asking where is the next place that Isis will go after any success by the United States, France, and now the UK, in Syria. The answer is Yemen. Isis are already strong there. Because of the instability in Yemen, we have already created the next space for Isis, for those displaced in Syria. This is where they will retire to.”

Amnesty and other NGOs, including Human Rights Watch (HRW) say there is no doubt that UK and US munitions are being used in the Saudi-led bombing campaign in Yemen and that Britain is risking being charged with war crimes.

Afzal Ashraf, a senior tutor at the defence think-tank, the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) told The Independent that Mr Cameron’s claim to have a “comprehensive approach” to the Syria crisis was suspect. He said : “All we have had is calls for more use of air power.”

Mr Ashraf said the blockade of Yemeni ports, the sealing of borders by Saudi security forces, and the humanitarian suffering of people in Yemen were all “fuel for the growth of already entrenched extremist movements.”

He added : “This conflict has allowed Al Qaeda to capture territory in Yemen, including a military base and a port. That is unprecedented. It has also allowed Isis’ local affiliate to grow in Yemen. While the Yemeni conflict will excellent for the UK’s flagging weapons-based economy, it will not be good for the UK’s security.” – by Janes Cusick

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/isis-britain-helping-create-territory-for-militant-group-in-yemen-as-they-take-advantage-of-saudi-a6751421.html

26.11.2015 – Middle East Eye

EXCLUSIVE: Yanis Varoufakis - Only solution is to starve IS of cash

In an exclusive interview with MEE, the former Greek finance minister gives his opinion on the economics of war, terror and refugees

The United States has been trying for months to bombard ISIS to no avail and it is a “well known secret” that the United States have since “run out of military targets”. French President Francis Holland “had to show he was doing something, but they didn’t know what to bomb.”

So if bombing isn’t working, what’s his solution? “The only solution is to starve ISIS.” The only way to do that is “by tackling Saudi Arabia and the Emirates that are supporting them”.

The declarations of war in response to the Paris attacks is a “19-century, early 20th-century, mid 20th-century” solution to a 21st century problem. In today’s world “there are no frontlines”.

The West must not “allow fear to conquer everything… fear is not a good guide to good policy, either domestic policy or foreign policy”

http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/interview-yanis-varoufakis-only-solution-starve-isis-180907257

26.11.2015 – Ahmad Algobary

Today ,#aqap targeted army checkpoint in Hadramoot and killed young boy

https://twitter.com/AhmadAlgohbary/status/670025312269389824

25.11.2015 – Morning Star News

Two Converts from Islam Slain in Yemen

Both Christians had received threats; one from Muslim family members, the other from Al Qaeda.

Two Christians in Yemen, both converts from Islam, have been ambushed and killed because of their faith, according to sources close to the victims.

In Taiz, a city with a pre-war population of 600,000 people in southwest Yemen, at least one member of Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) ambushed a Christian man in the city and shot him 15 to 20 times in early September. A second Christian was shot once in his home on Oct. 2, sources said. The second victim may have been killed by a Muslim extremist group or by members of his own family, they said.

Both men were openly confessing Christ. A Yemeni friend of the second Christian said the convert was involved in evangelism, though he tried to keep his activities low key.

A source close to the Christian slain first said a member of AQAP was responsible.

“For six months he had been receiving direct threats from known AQAP members that he knew personally,” the source said. “There is no reason to believe that his family was involved in the killing. His family knew of his faith for more than a decade, and although it created tensions, they never threatened his life.”

http://morningstarnews.org/2015/11/two-converts-from-islam-slain-in-yemen/

25.11.2015 – Going Underground RT

John Pilger on Paris, ISIS and Media Propaganda

Afshin Rattansi goes underground with John Pilger. Award winning journalist and author, John Pilger talks to us about how Washington, London and Paris gave birth to ISIS-Daesh. Plus we examine the media's role in spreading disinformation ahead of a vote in Parliament for UK bombing of Syria. Afshin looks at the Autumn Statement and why in a time of high alert we are cutting the police force and buying drones. Also we look at which companies are benefitting from the budget. Plus Afshin is joined once again by former MP and broadcaster, Lembit Opik, to look at the week’s news from a cyber sinking feeling over Trident to budget boosts for the BBC.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hLnjlx8zVRE&feature=share

Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

27.11.2015 – Fars News

Yemeni Forces Win Back Strategic Regions in Ta'iz, Lahij Provinces

The Yemeni army and popular forces seized back the two strategic areas of al-Sharija and Korsh in the Southern parts of Ta'iz and in Lahij provinces, respectively.

The Yemeni forces pushed back the forces loyal to former fugitive President Mansour Haqdi and the Saudi-led troops from the strategic areas.

Meantime, the Yemeni forces managed to take full control of Nahuqa military base in the province of Najran, Southern Saudi Arabia.

Also, the Yemeni forces targeted the concentration centers of Saudi forces, killing a large number of them and destroying their military vehicles in the city al-Rabou'a in Asir province and Al-Khazan hill in Ta'iz province.

http://en.farsnews.com/newstext.aspx?nn=13940906000224

Kommentar: Iranische Quelle, also Yemeni army: Saleh-treue mit den Huthi verbündete Teile der Armee. Und wieder: Siegesmeldungen beider Seiten, das Gegenstück hier:

27.11.2015 – Al Araby

Yemen: Hadi-allied forces continue advance on Taiz

Troops loyal to Yemeni President Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi continue to make "steady" progress in pushing out rebel forces besieging Yemen's third largest city.

"The advance of pro-government forces has been slow but steady, especially in the south and west of Taiz city," a source in the Popular Resistance Committees told Fares al-Jalal, al-Araby al-Jadeed's Yemen correspondent.

Al-Rahida, Taiz province's second-largest city, has long been the site of clashes between Houthi rebels and pro-government forces; this week rebels blew up several bridges to further hamper advances.

http://www.alaraby.co.uk/english/news/2015/11/27/yemen-hadi-allied-forces-continue-advance-on-taiz

26.11.2015 – ABNA

Saudi Warplanes Kill Seven Yemeni Civilians in Sa'ada

At least seven Yemeni civilians have been killed in aerial attacks carried out by Saudi fighter jets in Yemen’s northern Sa’ada Province

On Thursday, the victims lost their lives when Saudi warplanes hit their vehicle in the city of Baqam.

Saudi fighter jets reportedly targeted a number of different areas in Sa’ada. There were no reports on casualties from those attacks

The Yemeni army, backed by the Popular Committees loyal to the Houthi Ansarullah movement, gained complete control over a Saudi military base in the Saudi city of Najran.

They also managed to kill a number of Saudi mercenaries after targeting Tabat al-Khazan area in Ta’izz ProvinceAccording to Yemen’s official Saba Net news agency, the Yemeni army prevented Saudi mercenaries from advancing in Ibb Province’s Bani Shabib, where they killed at least 15.

The developments came shortly after Saudi fighter jets mistakenly carried out attacks against the Riyadh-allied militants who fight against Ansarullah forces in Yemen’s southern province of Shabwah, killing nearly 18.

http://en.abna24.com/service/middle-east-west-asia/archive/2015/11/26/721661/story.html

Stammesrecht / Tribal law

Zum besseren Verständnis der jemenitishen Gesellschaft / For better understanding Yemen society:

26.11.2015 – Middle East Eye

Traditional tribal justice trumps state laws for many in Yemen

Customary law is considered by many to offer a fairer, quicker and cheaper form of justice than the slow-moving state legal system.

As the Yemeni state has grown weaker and rampant corruption and institutional inadequacies have been left unchecked, a growing number of Yemenis – particularly those in northern and eastern areas of the country where the state is the weakest – have opted to ditch the state legal system in favour of more traditional methods of conflict-resolution.

The social customs or tribal norms in Yemen are precise and comprehensive, with rules for almost all potential issues or disputes, and tribal elders say they are catering for people’s needs well.

Hamoud al-Awodi, professor of sociology at Sanaa University, agrees that tribal norms fit in more closely with local customs than state courts.

"There are two reasons for that: first, the social norms which inform tribal justice are considered to be the rules which organise people’s affairs,” al-Awodi told MEE. “The second reason is that if the state’s law does not express people’s needs and interests, it won’t be accepted by people, and unfortunately when the state’s law is corrupted and violated by personal interests, people won’t be able to obtain their rights via the official law or official judiciary.”

According to Awodi, the two systems can be made to work side-by-side instead of undermining one another, although he still believes that as the state system has been derived from tribal traditions, the latter can be more effective.

“They [social norms] can work in parallel with the state’s laws without contradicting with its laws, as the social norms are considered to be an independent system that helps the state solve many issues,” Awodi said.

“Social norms are the origin, and the state’s laws are merely derived from the social customs and norms that people recognise in all communities,” he added, while stressing that state laws are merely an improvement on pre-existing norms and customs – by Almigdad Mojalli

http://www.middleeasteye.net/in-depth/features/tribal-law-trumps-state-laws-many-yemen-1038882353

Commentary: This gives an interesting perspective on how Yemen really bends to its heritage and traditions. The problem is not the tribal law - but the lack of accountability by powerful players in Yemen for decades, who have managed to find a corrupt path through Yemen without any legal support for their challengers against unfairness and corruption.

https://www.facebook.com/yemennewstodayenglish/posts/1064475660371591

Neue Artikel zum Nachlesen 1-55: / Yemen Press reader 1-55:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose oder / or

http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

21:40 27.11.2015
Dieser Beitrag gibt die Meinung des Autors wieder, nicht notwendigerweise die der Redaktion des Freitag.
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Dietrich Klose

Vielfältig interessiert am aktuellen Geschehen, zur Zeit besonders: Ukraine, Russland, Jemen, Rolle der USA, Neoliberalismus, Ausbeutung der 3. Welt
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Dietrich Klose

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