Krieg im Jemen: Neue Artikel zum Nachlesen 63

Yemen Press Reader 63: Vor den Friedensverhandlungen - Kritik an Saudis in westlichen Medien wächst - Hinter den saudischen Kulissen - Der Aufstieg des IS - 15 Söldner der Emirate gefallen

Bei diesem Beitrag handelt es sich um ein Blog aus der Freitag-Community.
Ihre Freitag-Redaktion

Allgemein / General

9.12.2015 – Infocomma

In Jemens Bürgerkrieg mischen viele mit

Überblicksartikel zum Jemenkrieg auf Deutsch

9.12.2015 – The American Conservative

Photographing the Destruction of Yemen

Photographer Alex Potter has been documenting the destruction caused by the war on Yemen.

I hope that the war on Yemen receives much more attention than it has. Unfortunately, it remains one of the most neglected conflicts in the world. The war there is neglected in part because the coalition makes it difficult to get into the country, and it is very dangerous for journalists to report from there in any case, but those things alone can’t explain the relative lack of coverage. More remote conflicts and smaller humanitarian crises have received more attention in Western media, so it is that much more noticeable that a U.S.-backed war that is helping to create a famine in one of the world’s poorest countries is so infrequently covered here.

One reason for the limited coverage is that there has been almost total silence from political leaders and pundits about what is happening in Yemen. When almost no one in Washington is calling attention to a conflict, it is easily overlooked. That seems to be true even when, or perhaps especially because, the U.S. is deeply implicated in an indefensible war. The usual suspects that clamor for the U.S. to “do something” about every crisis have nothing to say about the Saudi-led war, except for the occasional endorsement of it, and candidates from both parties that might be expected to challenge the administration over its support for the war also have nothing to say. There is scant Congressional oversight of the U.S. role in the war, and there is even less public debate or discussion about U.S. involvement in the intervention than there usually is. Many of the people in our government that know the war is happening have no problem with what’s happening to the people of Yemen, and most of the rest have other priorities – by Daniel Larison

9.12.2015 – Yemen News Today

A list of the countries taking part in the fight against the Houthi-Saleh alliance in Yemen (23 and counting):

Saudi Arabia - air, naval, troops.
UAE - air, troops.
Kuwait - air.
Bahrain - air, troops.
Qatar - air, troops.
Jordan -air.
Turkey - unspecified.
Morocco - air.
Sudan - air, mercenaries.
Egypt - unspecified (?air, ?naval, ?troops)
UK - background support, naval, weapons.
USA - background support, air support, naval. weapons.
France - enforcing embargo, weapons.
Italy - weapons.
Australia - mercenaries.
Columbia - mercenaries.
Panama - mercenaries
Chile - mercenaries
Senegal - mercenaries.
Malaysia - troops.
Djibouti - support - use of land for operations.
Ethiopia - support - use of land for operations.
Israeli - weapons, background support.


Commentary: For the most of them, I tell you why: Because the Saudis and Emiratis have a lot of money and just pay for them – whether it’s the UK (for weapons) or Colombia (for mercenaries). And you still missed Eritrea for a naval base and mercenaries, and further on for weapons: Germany, Sweden, South Africa, Brazil, China, Switzerland, Netherlands

8.12.2015 – Deutsche Welle

AQAP, Houthis, Saudis: Yemen's multifaction civil war

The warring factions in Yemen are to resume ceasefire negotiations. Earlier talks failed in the many-sided domestic and foreign conflict. Al Qaeda and the "Islamic State" are trying to take advantage of the conflict.

Representatives for Hadi, the Houthis and Saleh all plan to meet in Switzerland. But they are only some of the protagonists. If all parties involved in the conflict were to come together, UN mediators would need a long table. The power struggle in the southern end of the Red Sea has turned into a nationwide surrogate war. On Hadi's side there is a military alliance under the leadership of Saudi Arabia and eight other Arabic countries, including Egypt and most of the Gulf states. Last May, the West African state Senegal announced that it would join the alliance. The United States, France and Great Britain have provided logistical support.

On the opposing side, the Houthis can count on the support of Iran. Iran, though, has not been active in Yemen for a long time - certainly not to the extent it has been in Iraq, Syria and Lebanon, the Iranian journalist Saeid Jafari reported in the Middle Eastern online portal Al-Monitor. Nevertheless the close ties date back to the 1980s.

The continuing conflict in Yemen is seen as a proxy war between Sunni Saudi Arabia and Shiite Iran. Both states are struggling to gain dominance in the region and placing great emphasis on religious confession. However, the religious level is just one aspect of the war in a country with 26 million inhabitants - a side issue to the fighting. And the Sunni-dominated terror groups al Qaeda and "Islamic State" (IS) have tried to take advantage of the conflict, upping pressure on the exiled Sunni-led government and the Shiite Houthis alike – by Andreas Gorzewski

8.12.2015 – The Cipher Brief

Worse than Syria

The international community ignores Yemen's war at its own peril. In the first place, it has spawned a humanitarian crisis of alarming proportions. A major reason is the relentless air campaign a coalition of Sunni Arab states led by Saudi Arabia began in March, which has pummeled Yemen's already fragile infrastructure and traumatized its civilian population.

The Saudi-led coalition's single-minded prosecution of its war against the Houthis has other implications for regional security, including the prospect of Yemen becoming the safe haven of choice for violent extremist organizations. Since the conflict began, Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), the Yemen-based franchise of the global terrorist network, has been largely ignored and in June, capitalized on the inattention to seize Mukalla, a major southern port city. With the exception of occasional U.S. drone strikes against AQAP leadership figures in the area, the group has come under little pressure.

The desire to reinstate Yemen's legitimate authority and to restore order to the Arab world's poorest country is laudable: the Houthis must not be allowed to seize power by brute force. But when the guns finally go silent, Saudi Arabia and its allies will gaze upon a nation brought to the brink of ruin and will confront an unwelcome truth famously uttered by former Secretary of State Colin Powell: you break it, you own it – by Stephen A. Seche, executive vice president of the Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington

Commentary: More remarkable because of the writer than of his text, which all is well known.

Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

9.12.2015 – Aljazeera

Millions in need of assistance in Yemen humanitarian crisis: Film

The war in Yemen has crippled the country and led to a humanitarian crisis. The UN says more than two thousand civilians have been killed since March. More than 21 million people - 80 percent of the total population - are in need of assistance, many of them are on the brink of famine. Johannes van der Klaaw is the UN Humanitarian coordinator in Yemen. He joins us live from the Kenyan capital, Nairobi.Johannes van der Klaaw, the UN Humanitarian coordinator in Yemen, talks to Al Jazeera from the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, on the current situation in Yemen.

9.12.2015 – Yemen News Today

Northern Yemen runs out of insulin

700,000 Yemenis face imminent death after the country has completely run out of supplies of insulin used to treat diabetes. The blockade imposed by the Saudi-led coalition is causing untold humanitarian suffering. If this is not genocide, then what is?

9.12.2015 – Yemen News Today

From the Sana news agency - the Houthi-Saleh alliance agency.

Saudi aggression destroys 28 touristy facilities in Hajjah.

The Saudi aggression has completely destroyed 28 touristy facilities in the districts of Harad and Abs in Hajjah province.

The destroyed facilities included 27 in Harad and one facility in Abs, director general of the tourism office in Hajjah province Fahd al-Qudmi explained to Saba, noting that the initial cost of the toursim sector losses due to the destruction of the facilities reached between eight to ten billion Yemeni rials, .

Al-Qudmi pointed out that the targeting of the tourist facilities is a part of the Saudi aggression crimes against Yemen and its people and infrastructure, calling on the international organizations concerned with tourism to bear their responsibilities towards those crimes.

9.12.2015 – Huffington Post

Yemen's War Through A Child's Eyes: 'I Saw My Mum Burning In Front Of Me'

At least three children have been killed every day in Yemen since the conflict began in March.

Nine months of war in Yemen have left hundreds of children dead, and many more maimed or deeply traumatized by the ongoing violence.

A report by international charity Save the Children last week found that at least three children have been killed every day in Yemen since the conflict broke out in March.

Coalition airstrikes were responsible for almost three-quarters of child deaths and injuries in the second quarter of 2015, according to Leila Zerrougui, the U.N. special representative for Children and Armed Conflict.

The ubiquity of death is shattering childhoods across Yemen, an impoverished nation with a rich cultural heritage and thorny politics.

“I was playing in our garden when the missile hit my house … I saw my mum burning in front of me,” 7-year-old Raja’a told Save the Children. “Now I don’t have a house or my family … I don’t like the war and I hate the planes.”

Thousands of children in Yemen have been exposed to traumatic events during the conflict, the Save the Children report said. Many parents told the charity their children are plagued by nightmares, are afraid of loud noises, and cry when they hear planes overhead.

Meanwhile, it is increasingly difficult for wounded children to get medical care. Since the war broke out, over 600 hospitals have closed due to lack of staff, fuel or supplies, and at least 69 health facilities have been fully or partially damaged by fighting, according to the World Health Organization.

Children are also particularly vulnerable to malnutrition and disease, the report warned. The war has exacerbated Yemen’s already fragile humanitarian situation, as markets, agriculture and fishing are disrupted by conflict. The U.N. says 1.8 million children are at risk of malnutrition in Yemen.

The war has also forced thousands of schools to close, and hundreds of schools have been damaged by the fighting – by Charlotte Alfred

Commentary: A good overview on the situation.

6.12.2015 –World Food Programme

Yemen: Transportation corridors to Taizz Governorate, December 2015 (Map / Karte) mit


8.12.2015 – The Cipher Brief

The Houthis — Yemen’s Heroes

The Houthis are viewed as heroes after nine months of fighting with Saudi Arabian soldiers in Najran, Jaizan, and Asir, south of Saudi Arabia, especially since everybody in Yemen knows that these three provinces have been under Saudi occupation for about 100 years now.

Additionally, the Houthis are viewed as heroes because they are fighting al-Qaeda and ISIS not only as enemies of Yemen, but also as enemies of humanity.

Further, the Houthis have come to represent political and national concepts. They are not sectarian or geographical as portrayed by Saudi media, Saudi Wahabi clerics, or by the inspirers and spiritual leaders of al-Qaeda and ISIS.

The government and pro-Hadi forces are not united and are comprised of many groups without leaders. Hadi is hated by everyone and is viewed as a mass killer and a war criminal, similar to Saudi war criminals. He is responsible for 30 thousand civilians who were killed or injured while asleep in their homes, hospitals, schools, or farms. Outraged relatives and friends of the victims despise Hadi.

Al-Qaeda and ISIS are the only powerful groups fighting with clear-cut goals and that are united under their leadership. ISIS is the newest and most attractive group to which frustrated young men flock. Many al-Qaeda members have defected to ISIS. Disputes between al-Qaeda and ISIS leaders now come out in favor of ISIS.

Ex-President Saleh would not return to power, but perhaps his party, which is still very strong, would welcome a return to governance. Saleh is doing his best to help his party keep strong.

Al-Qaeda and ISIS are the biggest winners from this war. More specifically, ISIS is replacing al-Qaeda.

The Saudi-led air campaign is viewed by a majority of people in the north as barbaric aggression. Hatred for the U.S. is increasing day by day, as the U.S. is viewed as the main supporter of Saudi aggression.

Yemenis know that the Saudis would not have dared to attack them with about 200 thousand bombs without the consent of the U.S. administration. (There have been about 100 thousand Saudi airstrikes in Yemen over nine months compared to the 8,000 U.S. and 60 American allies’ airstrikes against ISIS targets over 15 months.) The Yemenis are wondering why the U.S. is supporting the Saudi regime, the exclusive maker of ISIS – by Nasser Arrabyee, Yemeni journalist based in Sanaa and operator of the Yemen Alaan media company

Kommentar: Eindeutiger Parteigänger der Huthis, aber trotzdem lesenswert.

Südjemen / Southern Yemen

9.12.2015 – Aljazeera

Analysis: Beyond the fragile peace in Aden

both the timing and location of these recent attacks raise some serious questions about the identity of those directing the newly established branch of ISIL in Yemen in an effort to halt the advance of the Saudi-led coalition towards Taiz and Sanaa.

Yemeni analysts say it is quite important to distinguish between ISIL operating in Iraq and Syria and the adaptation that is now emerging in Yemen.

The Yemeni ISIL offshoot, according to Khaled Alansi, a Yemeni attorney and human rights activist, emerged only when AQAP denied responsibility for attacks targeting Sanaa mosques and markets last March saying that it avoids targeting mosques to protect “innocent Muslims”.

AQAP controls parts of the vast southeastern province of Hadramawt, including the provincial capital Mukalla, which it seized in April.

Alansi claimed that the establishment of ISIL in Yemen is ‘a fabrication’ of pro-Saleh media outlets. “The Aden attacks bear the hallmarks of Saleh’s violent activities in Yemen,” said Alansi.

Nevertheless, the fragile security in Aden is not exclusively because of the presence of terrorist organisations or those backing them.

“The reasons behind Aden being unstable go back to the political differences between parties of the legitimate government,” says Mohammed Jumeh, a Yemeni writer and political analyst.

“Of course the security gap which was left in Aden after the defeat of Saleh’s military and security forces, had played a central role in the security deterioration in the city.”

8.12.2015 – RT

Yemen: Funeral held for governor of Aden (Video) and

UNO und Friedensverhandlungen / UN and peace talks

9.12.2015 – Junge Welt

Krieg ohne Sieger

Jemens Präsident schlägt Waffenruhe und Verhandlungen vor. Saudi-Arabiens Bombardements schwächen Ansarollah-Rebellen kaum

Der von Saudi-Arabien unterstützte jemenitische Präsident Abed Rabbo Mansur Hadi hat am Dienstag eine siebentägige Waffenruhe vorgeschlagen. Das teilte er der jemenitischen Nachrichtenagentur SABAzufolge in einem Schreiben an UN-Generalsekretär Ban Ki Moon mit. Die Waffenpause soll am Dienstag kommender Woche beginnen und von Verhandlungen über eine politische Lösung in Genf begleitet werden.

Der Sonderbeauftragte der UN für den Jemen, der Mauretanier Ismail Ould Scheich Ahmed, will jedoch positive Zeichen ausgemacht haben. »Nur eine politische Lösung wird die Krise im Jemen beenden«, sagte er laut Deutscher Welle. Bei den Gesprächen sollen ausschließlich Staatsangehörige des Landes anwesend sein, betonte der Beauftragte. Die Ansarollah hatten am Dienstag noch nicht auf den Vorschlag reagiert.

Die Waffenruhe könnte Präsident Hadi durchaus gelegen kommen, denn seine Truppen haben trotz der massiven Luftunterstützung der Golfstaaten-Allianz Probleme. Seit der Eroberung der Hafenstadt Aden im August ist ihnen kein großer Erfolg mehr gelungen. Die militärischen und finan­ziellen Verluste sollen inzwischen auch auf saudischer Seite erheblich sein.

Offenbar greift inzwischen auch die mit Al-Qaida verbündete Miliz Ansar Al-Scharia stärker auf seiten Saudi-Arabiens in den Konflikt ein. Aus Aden wurden bereits Gefechte zwischen der sunnitischen Miliz und Ansarollah-Einheiten gemeldet. Die saudische Luftwaffe setzte derweil am Wochenende ihre Attacken auf den Jemen fort. – von Gerrit Hoekman

8.12.2015 – The American Conservative

The Start of Very Fragile Negotiations in Yemen

The U.N. envoy deserves credit for managing to get the parties to the conflict to agree to even this much. There is no guarantee that these talks will lead to anything, and it is far from certain that the cease-fire will be respected, but this represents the first serious opportunity for a diplomatic resolution to the conflict in many months. The deposed Yemeni president Hadi seems to be on board with the cease-fire, but it remains to be seen whether the Saudi-led coalition will respect his requests. In the past, humanitarian “pauses” in the war have been honored mostly in the breach, and the Saudi-led bombing campaign has continued in spite of the cease-fires that have been negotiated. We may hope that it will be different this time, but the behavior of the coalition has not inspired confidence in their desire for a negotiated settlement thus far.

Even if there is a week-long halt to hostilities, Yemen will continue to be strangled by the coalition’s blockade, and the humanitarian crisis in the country can’t be remedied until that blockade ends. Should the war end now, Yemen would still be in dire need of aid to address its major shortages of food, clean water, fuel, and medicine. As long as the blockade continues, the civilian population will be brought ever closer to the brink of famine, and brief cease-fires will not be enough to prevent that. Yemen needed a comprehensive and lasting peace months ago, and the bad news is that the diplomatic process is only just now getting off the ground. If these negotiations fall apart like the last ones did, the entire country faces a disaster that is as horrible as it was avoidable – by Daniel Larison

8.12.2015 – Muhitel Yemen

Houthis to Join Peace Talks If Saudi Stops Aggression

Yemen’s Houthi Ansarullah movement says it will not attend next week’s UN-mediated peace talks in Switzerland unless Saudi Arabia stops aggression against the country.

In an interview with Yemen's al-Masirah TV network, Ansarullah spokesman Mohammed Abdulsalam said Riyadh should also end its blockade on Yemen. He added that Ansarullah believes the United Nations is unable to put an end to the Saudi aggression against Yemen.

Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

9.12.2015 – Tages Anzeiger

Saudiarabien, die Quelle aller Probleme

Das Königreich gerät ins Kreuzfeuer der Kritik – zu Recht: Nichts radikalisiert mehr als Riads Version des Islam.

Die Saudis begehen sowohl im eigenen Land als auch bei ihrem Krieg im Jemen Menschenrechtsverletzungen in Serie, ihr wahhabitischer Brand des Islam bildet die ideologische Grundlage der Jihadisten des IS und der al-Qaida – und nach wie vor finanzieren saudische Spender nach Einschätzung von US-Geheimdiensten radikale islamistische Gruppen in Syrien und sonst wo.

Längst exportiert das Haus Saud nicht nur Erdöl in alle Welt, sondern auch eine von religiösem Fanatismus geprägte Ideologie.

Schon am Urknall des militanten Islamismus waren die Saudis beteiligt: Zusammen mit Ronald Reagans CIA bewaffneten sie in den Achtzigerjahren die afghanischen Gotteskrieger beim Kampf gegen die sowjetische Marionettenregierung in Kabul und warben in der gesamten arabischen Welt Rekruten für den afghanischen Jihad an.

Nach dem Fall Kabuls zog die islamistische Kolonne dann weiter – unter anderem nach New York: 15 der 19 Massenmörder von 9/11 waren saudische Staatsbürger. Die wahhabitische Version des Islam, schrieb unlängst in der europäischen Ausgabe des Magazins «Politico» der Philosoph und Ökonom Nassim Nicholas Taleb, berühmt geworden durch sein Buch «Black Swan», sei «die Quelle aller Probleme». Dann schob Taleb ungewöhnlich scharf nach: Wer Gewalt beim Kampf gegen den jihadistischen Islam als unvermeidlich betrachte, solle diese Gewalt «gegen die saudischen und katarischen Financiers von Gewalt anwenden».

Befände sich der saudische Staat mit seinen extremen Menschenrechtsverletzungen im Orbit von Wladimir Putin, hätten Nationen wie die USA schon längst die diplomatischen Beziehungen gekappt. Denn wie eine Schauergeschichte aus den Annalen stalinistischer Menschenrechtsvergehen liest sich der jüngste Jahresreport der Menschenrechtsgruppe Human Rights Watch über Saudiarabien.

Um noch einmal Kamel Daoud zu zitieren: «Das Leugnen des Westens ist bemerkenswert: Er begrüsst die saudische Theokratie als einen Alliierten, tut jedoch so, als bemerke er nicht, dass diese Theokratie der ideologische Hauptsponsor islamistischer Kultur ist.» – von Martin Kilian

9.12.2015 – Zenith Online

Salmans Krieg und die Sudairis

Heiratspolitik und Pfründenproporz schweißten das Königreich der Al Saud zusammen. Mit dem Krieg im Jemen will König Salman die Hausmacht seiner Sudairi-Sippe stärken – und legt die Widersprüche der saudischen Herrschaftsarchitektur offen

Heute geraten wir mit der Frage: »Warum führt Saudi-Arabien Krieg im Jemen?« schnell in ein Gewirr von vielen miteinander verknüpften Zusammenhängen. Sie führen zu den früheren osmanischen Grenzen, zum sogenannten Arabischen Frühling, zur amerikanischen Politik im Nahen Osten, zum Thema regionale Machtpolitik und zur Auseinandersetzung zwischen Sunna und Schia.

Es fehlt bisher ein etwas schärferer Blick auf die Innenpolitik Saudi-Arabiens.

In unseren Medien wird am häufigsten die Perspektive einer saudisch-iranischen Konkurrenz um die Rolle der regionalen Führungsmacht beschrieben. Die gängige Erklärung lautet: Huthi-Rebellen sind Schiiten – also werden sie aus dem schiitischen Iran unterstützt, mit Waffen, Geld und Beratung. Tatsächlich scheint diese Schlussfolgerung von saudischen Gesprächspartnern bestätigt zu werden.

Das aber stärkt die Überzeugungskraft des Arguments nicht. Es könnte ja sein, dass informierte Saudis nicht gern über die wirklichen Beweggründe sprechen wollen und sich stattdessen einer Sprache bedienen, die den Europäern und Amerikanern aus ihrer eigenen Geschichte vertraut ist.

Mit dem Amtsantritt König Salmans und seinen ersten Entscheidungen im Frühjahr 2015 sind Veränderungen mit bisher noch unabsehbaren Nebenwirkungen vorgenommen worden.

Zum ersten Mal in der neueren Geschichte haben König, Kronprinz und stellvertretender Kronprinz jeweils mütterlicherseits den gleichen Stammeshintergrund – alle drei sind Sudairis.

Wir erleben gerade einen Filmriss, dessen politische Gegenbewegung von König Salman möglicherweise bereits erwartet worden ist. Er hat seinen Sohn Mohammed nicht nur zum stellvertretenden Kronprinz erhoben, sondern auch zum Verteidigungsminister ernannt. Und in dieser Funktion durfte er sogleich gegen den Jemen losschlagen, von dem sich Saudi-Arabien militärisch wahrlich nicht hat bedroht fühlen können.

Im südlichen Hadramaut gibt es ganze von Al-Qaida beherrschte Regionen, denen finanzielle Verbindungen mit saudischen Geldgebern nachgesagt werden.

Für die Machthaber in Riad war das nicht unwichtig bei der Beurteilung der Erfolgschancen eines Krieges. Vom Jemen war nämlich eine besonders starke Bedrohung ausgegangen, zwar nicht militärisch, aber dennoch existenziell für das Königshaus. In Sanaa hatten die Demonstrationen des Arabischen Frühlings 2011 den langjährigen, der maßlosen Korruption beschuldigten Präsidenten Ali Abdullah Saleh vertrieben.

Die Entmachtung eines autokratisch herrschenden Präsidenten in der Nachbarschaft nach einer Amtszeit von 33 Jahren, die durch Straßendemonstrationen erzwungen und als »demokratischer Akt« verstanden wurde, das war ein nach Saudi-Arabien hinein wirkendes Signal. Die Bedrohung durch einen »Volkswillen« wurde in den saudischen Palästen offenbar als gefährlicher eingeschätzt als eine etwaige Atombombe des Iran. Es war also aus innenpolitischer Sicht wichtig, die Regierungszeit des neuen Präsidenten Hadi in Sanaa nicht zu einer Erfolgsgeschichte werden zu lassen. Dem vertriebenen Vorgänger Saleh wird jetzt vorgeworfen, er habe die Huthis »ermuntert«, gegen Hadi zu kämpfen. Im September 2014 eroberten sie Sanaa, zwangen Hadi zum Rücktritt, bevor dieser sich erst nach Aden und dann nach Saudi-Arabien absetzte.

Ob es konkretere saudische Kriegsziele gibt, ist bisher nicht bekannt geworden, aber die innenpolitischen Absichten der Intervention scheinen bereits erreicht worden zu sein. Denn wie in Kriegszeiten üblich, mussten in Riad alle Angehörigen der Machtelite intern zusammenstehen. Sie konnten sich also in dieser Zeit gegen die Beschneidung ihres Einflusses kaum wehren. Und Salmans Sohn Mohammed konnte als Verteidigungsminister sogleich Tatkraft beweisen und den Beweis erbringen, dass er seinen Aufstieg auch in sunnitischen Denkkategorien durch Leistung verdient hat, nicht nur durch seine Geburt.

Die Frage ist nur: Wie kommt man aus einem solchen Krieg wieder heraus? Es ist eine riskante Strategie. Sie kostet viel Geld, stößt im Westen auf Unverständnis und kann bei ausbleibendem Erfolg zurückschlagen – von Gerhard Fulda, Botschafter a.D. und Vizepräsident der Deutsch-Arabischen Gesellschaft

Sehr interessanter und langer Artikel, der weit in die Geschichte des Islam und Saudi-Arabiens zurückgeht und Zusammenhänge aufzeigt, die sonst kaum angesprochen werden. Dieser Artikel führt uns in eine Welt, die der unsrigen vollkommen fremd ist: Eine Welt der Kabalen, Intigen und Machtkämpfe eines orientalisch-despotischen Herrscherclans, von Harems mit vielen Frauen, sicher nicht nur einer Sklavein inklusive. Eine Welt, wie sie in diesem Teil der Welt (und mit Abwandlungen auch in anderen Weltteilen) ganz genau so auch im 17. oder im 7. Jahrhundert bestanden haben könnte - und das nicht nur nach Christus, sondern ebenso gut vor Christus. Der Artikel zeigt auf, was - zumindest zu einem wesentlichen Teil, wenn auch vielleicht nicht ausschließlich - die Politik von Saudi-Arabien bestimmt, was die Beweggründe und Hintergründe sind, ein Nachbarland mit Krieg, Zerstörung und Tod zu überziehen.

Das Ganze wirft auvch ein wenig großartiges Licht auf den "Westen": Der "Westen" hat ganz direkt Partei in diesem Krieg ergriffen, hat dadurch mitgespielt in orientalisch-despotischen Haremskabalen in der Art, wie es sie vor über 4000 Jahren schon gab, hat sich damit gemein gemacht und identifiziert,war sich nicht zu schade, damit aktiv teilnehmend ein anderes Land mit Tod und Zerstörung zu überziehen. Was hebt irgendeinen der beteiligten Politiker des "Westens" damit moralisch über einen saudischen Haremsintriganten hinaus? Nichts, im Gegenteil: Der Saudi schwadroniert eher selten von Menschenrechten und Demokratie, bei dem weiß man eigentlich, wo man bei ihm dran ist, der westliche Politiker, der so tut, als wären Menschenrechte und Demokratie sein Hauptanliegen, zeichnet sich gegenüber dem Saudi noch durch ein erheblich höheres Maß an Heuchelei und Doppelmoral aus.

9.12.2015 – FT

Why the west’s view of the Saudis is shifting

The rise of Isis, human rights concerns and less dependence on Arab oil are triggering change

Something is changing in the west’s relationship with Saudi Arabia. You can read it in the newspapers. You can hear it from politicians. And you can see it in shifts in policy.

Hostile articles about the Saudis are now standard fare in the western press. On Sunday, the main editorial in The Observer denounced the UK’s relationship with Saudi Arabia as an “unedifying alliance that imperils our security”. Two days earlier, the BBC ran an article highlighting an “unprecedented wave of executions” in Saudi Arabia. A couple of months ago, Thomas Friedman, arguably the most influential columnist in the US, labelled the terrorist group, Isis, the “ideological offspring” of Saudi Arabia.

Politicians are taking up similar themes.

The sudden increase in concern about Saudi Arabia is driven, in large part, by the rise of Isis. Western policymakers know that the battle with jihadism is as much about ideology as guns. When they look for a source of the Isis worldview, they increasingly trace it back to the Wahhabi philosophy promoted by the Saudi religious establishment.

For the moment, however, all this criticism has led only to modest adjustments in western policy.

Western critics of Saudi Arabia want to see the gloves come off. They accuse the governments of the UK and the US of being in thrall to Saudi money.

Saudi Arabia’s relationship with jihadism is also complex. It is true that Islamists in Saudi Arabia have provided ideological and sometimes financial support for jihadis around the world. But it is also true that the Saudi royal family itself has been targeted by both Isis and al-Qaeda.

Perhaps it is time to give the Saudis a choice: agree to allow churches, Hindu temples and synagogues to open in Saudi Arabia, or face the end of Saudi funding for mosques in the west – by Gideon Rachman

9.12.2015 – New York Times

Our Radical Islamic BFF, Saudi Arabia

If you think Iran is the only source of trouble in the Middle East, you must have slept through 9/11, when 15 of the 19 hijackers came from Saudi Arabia. Nothing has been more corrosive to the stability and modernization of the Arab world, and the Muslim world at large, than the billions and billions of dollars the Saudis have invested since the 1970s into wiping out the pluralism of Islam — the Sufi, moderate Sunni and Shiite versions — and imposing in its place the puritanical, anti-modern, anti-women, anti-Western, anti-pluralistic Wahhabi Salafist brand of Islam promoted by the Saudi religious establishment.

It is not an accident that several thousand Saudis have joined the Islamic State or that Arab Gulf charities have sent ISIS donations. It is because all these Sunni jihadist groups — ISIS, Al Qaeda, the Nusra Front — are the ideological offspring of the Wahhabism injected by Saudi Arabia into mosques and madrasas from Morocco to Pakistan to Indonesia.

And we, America, have never called them on that — because we’re addicted to their oil and addicts never tell the truth to their pushers.

Husain Haqqani, the former Pakistani ambassador to Washington, who is an expert on Islam at the Hudson Institute:

While Iran has been a source of terrorism in supporting groups like Hezbollah, many American allies have been a source of terrorism by supporting Wahhabi ideology, which basically destroyed the pluralism that emerged in Islam since the 14thcentury, ranging from Bektashi Islam in Albania, which believes in living with other religions, to Sufi and Shiite Islam.

“The last few decades have seen this attempt to homogenize Islam,” claiming “there is only one legitimate path to God,” Haqqani said. And when there is only one legitimate path, “all others are open to being killed. That has been the single most dangerous idea that has emerged in the Muslim world, and it came out of Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Arabia has been an American ally on many issues and there are moderates there who detest its religious authorities. But the fact remains that Saudi Arabia’s export of Wahhabi puritanical Islam has been one of the worst things to happen to Muslim and Arab pluralism — pluralism of religious thought, gender and education — in the last century – by Thomas L. Friedman


9.12.2015 – Nachdenkseiten



24.3.2015 – Veterans Today

Oliver Stone’s Untold History of the United States in 58 Minutes

Film from 2013: =


9.12.2015 – WAM

Yemen's Minister of Information unveils plans to set up Aden Media City with GCC support

Yemen's Information Minister, Dr. Abdul Majeed Mohammed Qubaty, has said that his ministry and the political leadership were planning to establish an integrated media city of Aden with support of brothers from the GCC states.

He explained that the brothers in the UAE have expressed their willingness to provide more support for restoring the cultural and media status of Aden.

This came during an inspection visit by Qubaty today to the project of Aden satellite channel building in Haqat, Sira, to assess the damage to the building caused by the war being waged by the Houthi militia and ousted President Saleh group on Aden.

The minister stressed the important role of media institutions and facilities in Aden to highlight the role of the national army and popular resistance.

He said, "What is hurtful is to see the building damaged. It was ready to work but now completely destroyed by the coup militias that wreaked havoc and destroyed everything beautiful in this province in particular and Yemen in general. They are devoid of human and moral values."

The Yemeni minister promised to rebuild what was destroyed by the coup leaders, noting that Aden was the origin of the press in the Arabian Peninsula, as the first newspaper, the first television and radio station were established in Aden.[Emirates]/1395288998794.html

Commentary: Well, words fail me. Before they have a media city in Aden, they need to control the city which they clearly cannot do. And listen to this - when the Yemen information minister contemplated a destroyed building in Aden. He said, "What is hurtful is to see the building damaged. It was ready to work but now completely destroyed by the coup militias that wreaked havoc and destroyed everything beautiful in this province in particular and Yemen in general. They are devoid of human and moral values." WHHHAAATTTTT!!!!!!!!!! Look at what your friends in the pro-Saudi coalition are doing to Yemen, day after day after 255 days.

8.12.2015 – WAM

President of Yemen vows perpetrates will not escape justice

President of Yemen Abd Rabbu Mansour Hadi, has expressed his profound sorrow about the murder of the former Aden Governor Major General Ja'far Mohammed Saad, who was gunned down while on the way to his office.

He stressed that perpetrators who kill innocent people will be eventually brought to book.

President Hadi said in a statement after the funeral prayer over the body of the martyr that the departure of Major General Ja'far "in such a critical phase in the history of the country, is a great loss to the nation, which is in dire need of those with the high sense of patriotism and dedication to maintaining the security, stability and the normalisation of life, such as the late Major General Ja'far."

He added, "Today we say goodbye to a high-calibre nationalist, whose national contributions will continue to guide us. He displayed the courage when he led the battle to liberate Aden from the coup militias. These heroic deeds will remain in our conscious as the people of Yemen will remember them."

President Hadi said the sacrifices of the people of Yemen will help defeat the forces of darkness and evil.

For his part, the new Governor of Aden Brigadier General Aidroos Qassim al-Zubaidi, pledged he would safeguard the security and stability of Aden, adding that he would work with the community and all institutions to paint a smile on the face of Aden.

Söldner / Mercenaries

9.12.2015 – Almasdar News

15 Foreign Mercenaries Killed in Southern Yemen

Over the last 24 hours, as many as 15 foreign mercenaries employed by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have been reportedly killed by the Yemen Army’s Republican Guard and their popular committees (specifically, the Houthis) at the Al-‘Umari Camp near the city of Ta’iz in southern Yemen.

Yesterday, two westerners from Australia (Phillip Streetman) and the United Kingdom (Colonel Arthur Kingston) made the headlines for allegedly being killed in southern Yemen – both countries are reportedly investigating the death of these men.

According to today’s reports from the city of Ta’iz, the 15 foreign mercenaries were all believed to be part of a security contracting company that was hired by the Gulf countries to combat the Yemeni Army’s Republican Guard and the Houthis in southern Yemen.

The following foreigners have been killed in the last 24 hours in southern Yemen:

`1 Mexican: Masyas Bakenbah (identification pending)

2 UK: Arthur Kingston (identification pending) and the other mercenary’s name has not been released by the Yemeni Republican Guard.

1 Frenchmen: the name has not been released by the Yemeni Republican Guard

1 Australian: Phillip Streetman (identification pending)

10 Colombians: These mercenaries have not had their identification revealed by the Yemeni Republican Guard.

9.12.2015 – Fars News

Yemeni Forces Kill 14 Blackwater Mercenaries in Ta'iz

A sum of 14 Blackwater mercenaries, including a British, a French, an Australian and six colombians were killed in an attack on Al-Amri military base in Zobab region in Ta'iz province near the Bab al-Mandeb Strait, the Arabic-language Al-Masira news channel quoted an unnamed military source as saying on Wednesday.

After pulling out its troops from Yemen, the UAE recruited and sent Colombian forces to Yemen to replace its regular troops.

Yemeni Army Spokesman Sharaf Luqman has said that the Blackwater forces dispatched to Yemen comprise Al-Nusra, the ISIL and Al-Qaeda terrorists.

The UAE had previously sent mercenaries from Latin America, specially Colombia, to Yemen without prior coordination with Saudi Arabia.

9.12.2015 – Al-Bab

Mercenaries reported killed in Yemen: Members of UAE's "foreign legion"

Seven mercenaries – six Colombians and their Australian commander – are reported to have been killed fighting near Taiz in central Yemen. According to the local Saba News agency:

"The army and popular committees repulsed an attempt of the mercenaries of the Saudi-led coalition to advance toward al-Amri area in Dhubab district and killed and wounded many of them, including six Colombian soldiers and their commander Philip Steetman, an Australian national, a military official in Taiz said."

In a subsequent updated report Saba News raised the total number of "foreigners" killed in Taiz province to 14. Along with the six Colombians there were fighters of eight other nationalities, including two Britons and a Frenchman as well as the previously-mentioned Australian, it said. So far only the Australian has been named.

Saba News, run by Houthi/Saleh supporters, is one of two rival "government" news agencies with similar-looking websites. The other one, Saba New (without the "s"), supports the Hadi/Saudi/Emirati side in the current conflict.

The report from Saba News continues:

"The Colombian soldiers came to the country with the American Blackwater forces, which belong to the Saudi-led coalition forces invading Yemen ..."

This is partly true, though Saba News has got the facts rather muddled. The mercenaries are believed to be part of a "foreign legion" which the UAE began assembling in 2011 – long before the Yemen war – with assistance from Erik Prince, an American billionaire who was formerly head of Blackwater, the controversial security firm.

The force, which answers to Mohammed bin Zayed al-Nahyan (crown prince of Abu Dhabi) rather than the UAE military, was put together in great secrecy and originally seems to have been intended mainly as a response to the Arab Spring uprisings.

(For more about the background to this, see previous blog post.)

Commentary: This is a useful article, giving lots of background to the mercenaries used in this current conflict, and likely to be used - including Eritreans apparently, another nationality. Apparently the author thinks there were mercenaries killed in the attack earlier in the year in Marib when Emirati soldiers died, because there was a discrepancy between the number of deaths reported and the number of actual funerals carried out in UAE.

9.12.2015 – The Guardian

Australian mercenary reportedly killed in Yemen clashes

Media reports say the man was fighting with Colombians on behalf of the United Arab Emirates in the brutal civil conflict in Yemen

An Australian mercenary has reportedly been killed in clashes in Yemen, alongside six Colombian troops.

Guardian Australia understands the Australian commander was named Philip Stitman.

It’s believed he was employed as a mercenary by the United Arab Emirates to lead Colombian fighters against the Houthis in the country’s south.

Local media reports said six Colombian soldiers under the Australian’s command had also been killed. They were reportedly advancing towards the al-Amri area in the heavily contested Taiz province, in Yemen’s south-west.

The mercenaries, including the Australian, were fighting with the private military contractor Blackwater, the reports said.

Commentary: In this world war on Yemen we now have ANOTHER nationality - this time an Australian mercenary killed with Columbian mercenaries in Yemen. Is there no end to the number of countries that are supporting this war against an impoverished nation that within living memory before March when the attack started had never threatened any other country, had never invaded any other country, had never declared war on any other country, had never attacked any other country - and what is more was extremely unlikely to ever do so. So far about six media outlets have already reported this story which has only just happened.

Waffenhandel / Arms trade

8.12.2015 – Spiegel Online

Amnesty International: Waffen der Terror-Miliz IS kommen auch aus Deutschland

Staaten, die mit Waffen handeln, tragen Mitverantwortung an der Ausbreitung des IS. Diesen Vorwurf erhebt Amnesty International. Auch Deutschlands Aktivitäten seien ein Lehrbeispiel dafür, wie man "Gräueltaten im großen Stil befördert".

Der "Islamische Staat" (IS) nutzt laut Amnesty International zumeist Waffen, die von den irakischen Streitkräften erbeutet wurden. Deswegen kritisiert die Menschenrechtsorganisation nun jahrelange großzügige Waffenlieferungen an den Irak. Diese und wenig Kontrollen vor Ort hätten zu dem umfangreichen Arsenal der Terrormiliz geführt, heißt es in einem Bericht.

Die Waffen seien laut Amnesty aus mehr als zwei Dutzend Ländern, darunter Russland, China, den USA sowie aus mehreren EU-Ländern inklusive Deutschlands geliefert worden, heißt es in dem Bericht. Amnesty-Waffenexperte Patrick Wilcken sprach von einem "Lehrbeispiel dafür, wie rücksichtsloser Waffenhandel Gräueltaten im großen Stil befördert." siehe auf Deutsch auch,10808018,32725094.html

Politische Stellungnahme in Deutschland: und zu einem Antrag der Linksfraktion, alle Waffenlieferungen an die Golfstaaten und in den Nahen und Mittleren Osten zu stoppen un den am 4.12. alle anderen Parteien abgelehnt haben.

Kommentar: Eine unglaublich peinliche Geschichte für all die großen Terrorbekämpfer, die wegen Syrien jetzt das große Wort führen und jetzt den dortigen Luftraum so zahlreich bevölkern – das sind ja nun ganz genau dieselben, die diese Waffen geliefert und damit das militärische Wachstum des IS überhaupt erst ermöglicht haben. Mit dem Verkauf von Waffen zur Bekämpfung des IS lässt sich jetzt wieder – und damit in dieser Sache zum zweiten Mal – viel Geld verdienen.

Und im Jemen wiederholt sich das alles jetzt genau noch einmal. Nicht wenige der Waffen der Saudis und Verbündeten fallen den Huthis wie sicher auch Al Kaida und dem IS in die Hände. Und zu allem Überfluss werfen die Saudis ja auch in erheblichem Umfang noch Waffen für ihre verbündeten jemenitischen Kämpfer aus der Luft ab. das scheint nur sehr ungenau zu laufen – viel davon fällt in die Hände der Huthis, die das dann mit eindrucksvollen Fotos im Internet veröffentlichen. Ähnlich viel von diesen saudischen Waffen wird dann wie an die Huthis wohl auch (unbeabsichtigt oder auch mit Absicht, wer will das schon genau wissen) an Al Kaida und den IS fallen. Alle kämpfenden Parteien werden so kräftig mit Waffen versorgt – und der Kampf damit heftig befeuert. Die Waffenindustrie freut es.

8.12.2015 – Amnesty International

Iraq: ‘Islamic State’ atrocities fuelled by decades of reckless arms trading

Decades of poorly regulated arms flows into Iraq as well as lax controls on the ground have provided the armed group calling itself Islamic State (IS) with a large and lethal arsenal that is being used to commit war crimes and crimes against humanity on a massive scale in Iraq and Syria, Amnesty International said in a new report today.

Drawing on expert analysis of thousands of verified videos and images, Taking Stock: The arming of Islamic State catalogues how IS fighters are using arms, mainly looted from Iraqi military stocks, which were manufactured and designed in more than two dozen countries, including Russia, China the USA and EU states.

“The vast and varied weaponry being used by the armed group calling itself Islamic State is a textbook case of how reckless arms trading fuels atrocities on a massive scale,” said Patrick Wilcken, Researcher on Arms Control, Security Trade and Human Rights at Amnesty International.

“The legacy of arms proliferation and abuse in Iraq and the surrounding region has already destroyed the lives and livelihoods of millions of people and poses an ongoing threat. The consequences of reckless arms transfers to Iraq and Syria and their subsequent capture by IS must be a wake-up call to arms exporters around the world,” said Patrick Wilcken. and full report:

8.12.2015 – Amnesty International

Arming ‘Islamic State’ – facts and figures

Some of the key statistics and facts behind Amnesty International's new report, Taking Stock: The arming of Islamic State.

Amnesty International has catalogued more than 100 different types of arms and ammunition originally sourced from at least 25 countries being used in Iraq and Syria by the armed group calling itself Islamic State (IS).

IS has used its arsenal to commit a horrific catalogue of human rights abuses and violations of international humanitarian law. IS fighters have abducted civilians, including peaceful activists and media workers, and have committed acts of torture and ill-treatment including rape and other sexual and gender-based violence. They have summarily killed captured government soldiers and members of other armed groups, and have also used child soldiers.

IS gained most of its arms by seizing stocks from the Iraqi military. Its arms were also acquired through battlefield capture, illicit trade and defections of fighters in Iraq and Syria.

After taking control of Mosul, Iraq’s second-largest city, in June 2014, IS fighters acquired a windfall of internationally manufactured arms from Iraqi stockpiles, including US-manufactured weapons and military vehicles which they paraded on social media.

A large proportion of IS’s arms were originally sourced by the Iraqi military from the USA, Russia and former Soviet bloc states, in the 1970s to 1990s. Most of Syria’s arms have come from Russia, the Soviet bloc and Iran.

The Iran-Iraq war (1980-88) was a seminal moment in the development of the modern global arms market, when at least 34 different countries supplied Iraq with weapons – 28 of those same states were also simultaneously supplying arms to Iran.

After a lull in arms transfers to Iraq due to a UN arms embargo in 1990, there was a massive rise in arms imports to Iraq following the US-led military intervention in 2003.

More than 30 countries – including all permanent members of the UN Security Council – have supplied the Iraqi army with military equipment over the past decade – a period in which substantial amounts of military equipment has ended up in the hands of insurgent groups, including IS and its precursors.

Between 2011 and 2013, the USA signed billions of dollars' worth of arms contracts with the Iraqi government. By 2014 it had delivered more than US$500 million worth of small arms and ammunition. Deliveries continue as a part of the fulfilment of the US Department of Defense’s US$1.6 billion Iraq Train and Equip Fund which includes 43,200 M4 rifles.

On 15 August 2014, UN Security Council Resolution 2170 reaffirmed an existing arms embargo on IS and the armed group Al-Nusra Front, an al-Qa’ida affiliate.

Further articles about this Amnesty report: =

17.11.2015 – Solidar-Werkstatt

Explosion der französischen Rüstungsexporte an Terrorfinanziers

Die Rüstungsaufträge für französische Konzerne haben sich seit 2013 mehr als verdoppelt.. Einer der Hauptgründe: Saudi-Arabien und andere Golfdespotien honorieren, dass Frankreich 2013 am entschiedensten für einen Militärschlag AUF SEITEN von IS, Al Nusra & Co gegen die syrische Regierung eingetreten ist.

Angesichts des mörderischen Anschlags in Paris verdient ein Artikel in der französischen Zeitung „Liberation“ vom 14.6.2015 (1) nachträglich besondere Aufmerksamkeit: Aus diesem geht hervor, dass die Rüstungsexportaufträge französischer Waffenschmieden 2015 gegenüber 2013 voraussichtlich um 117% auf 15 Milliarden Euro explodieren werden. (sh. Grafik).

Der Großteil dieser Waffengeschäfte wurden mit den despotischen Regimen am Golf, vor allem mit Saudia-Arabien und den Vereinigte Arabische Emirate, abgeschlossen, also jenen Staaten, die den jihadistischen Terror des „Islamischen Staat“ (IS), Al Nusra & Co in Syrien nach Kräften gefördert haben - und damit eine maßgebliche Verantwortung für das jahrelange Blutvergießen in diesem Land tragen.

Dass die Golfdespotien seit 2014 so gerne französische Waffen kaufen, hat - laut Analyse eines Experten in der „Liberation“– nicht zuletzt handfeste politische Gründe: Frankreich setzte sich 2013 am fanatischsten für einen westlichen Militärschlag AUF SEITEN von IS, Al Nusra & Co gegen die Regierung in Damaskus ein – auch zu einem Zeitpunkt noch, als selbst die US-amerikanische Regierung bereits zurückruderte, da immer offensichtlicher wurde, dass die damaligen Giftgasangriffe nicht das Werk der Regierung Assad, sondern türkischer Geheimdienstkreise waren. Seit damals sind die Terrorfinanziers am Golf etwas verschnupft auf Washington und präferieren Waffen „made in France“.

Die Vorstände der großen französischen Rüstungsunternehmen loben daher „die Entschlossenheit der französischen Regierung und die gute Zusammenarbeit mit dem französischen Verteidigungsministerium“ als eine der Grundlagen für den Waffenexportboom. Und den will der französische Präsident Hollande jetzt mit einer Eskalation des Krieges weiter ankurbeln. Dass Paris mit der Ausrufung des EU-Bündnisfalls das Blutbad von 11-13 dafür instrumentalisieren will, um in die Fußstapfen von 9-11 zu treten, zeigt uns zweierlei:

- Westliche Kriegspolitik und jihadistischer Terror sind zwei Seiten einer Medaille, die sich gegenseitig hochschaukeln. Die EU-Großmächte und Rüstungskonzerne wollen nun vom Kampf gegen die Kreaturen profitieren, die sie selbst hochgezüchtet haben. Der Bock geriert sich als Gärtner. Diesen Kreislauf der Gewalt müssen wir durchbrechen! – von Gerald Oberansmayr

Terrorismus / Terrorism

9.12.2015 – Al Arabiya

Improvised bomb explodes outside Yemen ministry office in Aden

A homemade bomb that exploded outside a foreign ministry office in Yemen’s Aden late Wednesday caused no casualties, security sources told Al Arabiya News Channel.

The building is located in the Almansoura district of Aden and was opened last month in a move that aims to resume the ministry's activities.

9.12.2015 – AFP

Suspected jihadists blow up abandoned church in Yemen's Aden

Suspected jihadists blew up a deserted Catholic church Wednesday in Yemen's second city Aden, where Islamist militants have gained ground in recent months, security officials and witnesses said.

Four armed men shouting "Allahu akbar" (God is greatest) detonated explosives at the church in the Muala residential district of the southern port city.

Like many other Christian churches in Aden, the building had been abandoned for many years, residents said. see also

9.12.2015 – MSN / France 24

Islamic State group’s increasing presence in Yemen

This week we investigate whether the Islamic State (IS) group’s increasing presence in Yemen might derail the peace process between Houthi rebels and the pro-government forces that are backed by Riyadh. Also, we take a look at the upcoming elections in Saudi Arabia in which women will be able to vote for other women for the very first time in the kingdom’s history. = (Film)

9.12.2015 – Yemen News Today

About “jihadists” and “terrorists”

Another term that I don't like - Jihadists. Surely these fighters are nothing whatsoever to do with religion and everything to do with power and controlling people and resources. The term 'terrorist' is also a word that I don't like - surely everyone fighting in war is terrorising the population and killing civilians - they certainly are in Yemen anyway - and anyway the UN has never been able to get agreement on what a terrorist actually is. They are extremist militias, criminals, assassins, murderers - don't gift them with a name associated with Islam, because they don't deserve it, call them what they are. The thing that I do agree with - Aden is certainly not stable and safe.

8.12.2015 – The Cipher Brief

ISIS in Yemen

The conflict in Yemen has enabled ISIS to make its presence felt for the first time in Yemen and al-Qaeda to carve out a strategic territory on the coast of eastern Yemen.

Al-Qaeda has much deeper roots in Yemen, and when the Houthi movement first carried out its coup in Sana’a against Hadi’s transitional government, al-Qaeda seized the opportunity to lead the fight against the Iranian backed and Zaydi-led Houthi movement. As the Houthi fighters moved south towards Aden, al-Qaeda fighters spread across a middle band of Yemen from Shabwa to Ibb to spearhead the resistance to Houthi advances.

Al-Qaeda’s efforts, however, went for naught as Houthi fighters quickly advanced to Aden, and al-Qaeda retreated to Mukula on the eastern coast. Al-Qaeda overran a military base near the city and took over the port. Having learned from its previous disaster in governing the Abyan governorate in 2011 and 2012, al-Qaeda is ruling Mukula from the background. It installed a local administration composed of former officials and leading residents of the city. But al-Qaeda’s presence in the city is unwelcome. In pursuit of its puritanical vision, al-Qaeda affiliates have destroyed local shrines of popular Sufi saints and have tried to impose restrictions on local merchants. Mukula’s residents are most worried that al-Qaeda will bring the war to Mukula.

The Saudi military declined to attack al-Qaeda in eastern Yemen, claiming that al-Qaeda will be dealt with at a time when there is a legitimate government in Sana’a. In turn, al-Qaeda appears to have ceased attacks against Yemeni security and focused instead on joining the fight against the Houthis. In effect, al-Qaeda, the Saudis, and the U.S. are fighting on the same side in the conflict against the Houthi movement, though in contrast to the Saudis, the U.S. has continued its drone attacks against al-Qaeda.

In October, ISIS made a dramatic statement by attacking both the Houthis in Sana’a and the Saudi backed Hadi government in Aden.

Yemen does not present ISIS with the opportunity to exploit social cleavages as Iraq and Syria did. In Syria and Iraq, those Sunnis disaffected with the Assad regime or Maliki’s government in Baghdad had few options for effective resistance, whereas in Yemen, there are many different organizations fighting the Houthis, including the southern resistance movement; the remnants of the Yemeni military loyal to Hadi; and units of Emirati, Saudi, and Sudanese ground troops. ISIS can recruit in Yemen, but it cannot assume the mantle of resistance it achieved in Iraq and Syria – by Charles Schmitz, professor of Geography at Towson University in Baltimore, Maryland

8.12.2015 – RT

IS weitet sich vor allem in Ziel-Ländern westlicher Militär-Interventionen aus

Der "Islamische Staat" erleidet militärische Niederlagen in Irak und Syrien. Gleichzeitig lässt sich aber eine weitere Ausbreitung im Jemen, Afghanistan und Libyen feststellen. Alles Länder die in den letzten Jahren durch militärische Interventionen destabilisiert wurden. RT zeigt die Erfolge des IS allein in der letzten Woche in Afghanistan, Libyen sowie im Jemen auf und spricht mit Giora Eiland, dem ehemaligen Chef des israelischen Sicherheitsrates, über die Entstehung des IS.

Flüchtlinge / Refugees

9.12.2015 – UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

Somali Refugees in the Horn of Africa and Yemen (Karte / Map)

Immer noch 250.000 im Jemen / Still 250 000 in Yemen

9.12.2015 – Der Standard

170.000 Menschen vor Kämpfen aus Jemen geflohen

Vor den Kämpfen im Jemen sind nach UN-Angaben mehr als 170.000 Menschen geflohen. Die meisten seien nach Dschibuti, Äthiopien und Somalia in den Sudan und in verschiedene Golfstaaten geflohen, erklärten das UN-Flüchtlingshilfswerk UNHCR und die Internationale Organisation für Migration (IOM) am Mittwoch. Viele Flüchtlinge hätten eine "gefährliche Überfahrt" über den Golf von Aden hinter sich, sagte die UNHCR-Koordinatorin für den Jemen, Claire Bourgeois. Weitere 2,3 Millionen Menschen seien in ihrem eigenen Land vertriebenen worden. -

9.12.2015 – AFP

Over 170,000 flee Yemen war, as UN pleads for aid

More than 170,000 people have fled war-torn Yemen for the Horn of Africa and the Gulf, the UN said Wednesday, as they appealed for $94 million in aid.

"Around 170,000 Yemenis, refugees and third country nationals have fled to Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan and some Gulf countries," the UN refugee agency (UNHCR) and International Organization for Migration (IOM) said in a statement, after aid meetings in the Kenyan capital.

The UN said it needed over $94 million (86 million euros) to support those fleeing the war in 2016.

Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

9.12.2015 – Press TV Iran

Saudi airstrikes kill four civilians in southwest Yemen

At least four civilians, including a child, have been killed and seven others wounded in Saudi airstrikes on Yemen’s southwestern province of Dhamar.

The incident happened on Wednesday when a Saudi fighter jet targeted a house in the Hada district of Dhamar.

Saudi bombers also pounded a school in the Hidan district of Yemen’s northwestern province of Sa’ada. There were no immediate reports of possible casualties.

In another incident, a car bomb explosion injured a number of civilians in the southwestern province of Dhale. Separately, in the Qatn district of Yemen’s Hadhramaut Province, a booby trap blast killed a Yemeni soldier and wounded another.

Yemenis’ retaliatory attacks

Fighters from Yemen’s Houthi Ansarullah movement and the allied army units foiled an attack by Saudi-backed militiamen loyal to fugitive former Yemeni president, Abd Rabbuh Mansour Hadi, in Yemen’s Jawf Province on Wednesday. At least 20 militants were killed and eight of their armored vehicles were destroyed during the operation.

Ansarullah fighters also killed a number of Saudi-backed militiamen in the southwestern Yemeni province of Ta’izz and launched missile attacks on the al-Sadis military camp in Saudi Arabia’s Najran Province.

Another retaliatory mortar attack on al-Taval Province in southern Saudi Arabia killed two people and injured five others.

9.12.2015 – Sabanet

Saudi aggression bombs Sa'ada

The Saudi-led coalition launched on Wednesday a series of sorties on scattered areas in Sa'ada province, a local source said. The aggression waged two air raids on Qahzah and al-Maslahqat areas and two more on the outskirts of Sa'ada city, the source said. The Aggression launched also two airstrikes using cluster bombs on Wald Omar area in Maran of Hidan district causing serious damage in a number of citizens' houses and farms, he said.

Neue Artikel zum Nachlesen 1-62: / Yemen Press reader 1-62: oder / or

Dieser Beitrag gibt die Meinung des Autors wieder, nicht notwendigerweise die der Redaktion des Freitag.
Geschrieben von

Dietrich Klose

Vielfältig interessiert am aktuellen Geschehen, zur Zeit besonders: Ukraine, Russland, Jemen, Rolle der USA, Neoliberalismus, Ausbeutung der 3. Welt
Schreiber 0 Leser 8
Dietrich Klose

Was ist Ihre Meinung?
Diskutieren Sie mit.

Kommentare einblenden