Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 805 - Yemen War Mosaic 805

Yemen Press Reader 805: 11. Mai 2022: Wie man ein Friedensabkommen im Jemen stärkt – Das Ende von Hadis Präsidentschaft – Die Belagerung von Taiz – Hoffnungsschimmer: Fotostory – Der Waffenstillstand hält weitgehend, kleinere Verstöße – und mehr

Bei diesem Beitrag handelt es sich um ein Blog aus der Freitag-Community.
Ihre Freitag-Redaktion

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

May 11, 2022: How to bolster a Yemen peace deal – The end of Hadi’s presidency – The siege of Taiz – Glimmers of hope: Photo story – The truce mostly holds, minor violations – and more

Schwerpunkte / Key aspects

Kursiv: Siehe Teil 2 / In Italics: Look in part 2: https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-805b-yemen-war-mosaic-805b

Klassifizierung / Classification

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Coronavirus und Seuchen / Most important: Coronavirus and epidemics

cp2 Allgemein / General

cp2a Allgemein: Saudische Blockade / General: Saudi blockade

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

cp6 Separatisten und Hadi-Regierung im Südjemen / Separatists and Hadi government in Southern Yemen

cp7 UNO und Friedensgespräche / UN and peace talks

cp8 Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

cp9 USA

cp9a USA-Iran Krise: Spannungen am Golf / US-Iran crisis: Tensions at the Gulf

cp10 Großbritannien / Great Britain

cp11 Deutschland / Germany

cp12 Andere Länder / Other countries

cp13b Kulturerbe / Cultural heritage

cp13c Wirtschaft / Economy

cp14 Terrorismus / Terrorism

cp15 Propaganda

cp16 Saudische Luftangriffe / Saudi air raids

cp17 Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

cp18 Kampf um Hodeidah / Hodeidah battle

Klassifizierung / Classification

***

**

*

(Kein Stern / No star)

? = Keine Einschatzung / No rating

A = Aktuell / Current news

B = Hintergrund / Background

C = Chronik / Chronicle

D = Details

E = Wirtschaft / Economy

H = Humanitäre Fragen / Humanitarian questions

K = Krieg / War

P = Politik / Politics

pH = Pro-Houthi

pS = Pro-Saudi

T = Terrorismus / Terrorism

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

(* B H K P)

Film: Hungersnot und Chaos: Der vergessene Krieg in Jemen

Seit vielen Jahre herrscht in Jemen Krieg - für diese Doku war unser ARD-Korrespondent Ramin Sina dort und hat mit Menschen gesprochen, die in dieser Situation leben müssen, die selbst zum Opfer wurden und die keine Möglichkeiten sehen, daran etwas zu ändern. Zum einen gibt es im Jemen nicht nur zwei, sondern viele Kriegsparteien, was eine Konfliktlösung schwierig macht. Zum anderen droht dort vielen Menschen der Hungertod. Das Team von Ramin Sina hat auch ein Krankenhaus besucht, in dem Ärztinnen und Ärzte versuchen, betroffene Kinder zu retten. Hinzukommen die Auswirkungen des Krieges in der Ukraine: Lebensmittel sind für Jemeniten seit Jahren knapp, nun drohen auch noch ein Drittel der Weizenimporte wegzufallen, sie kommen aus der Ukraine. Zwar haben sich die Kriegsparteien seit Ramadan auf eine Waffenruhe geeinigt, die ist allerdings fragil. Und so machen sich Ramin Sina und sein Team auf eine Reise durch das Land die der größten humanitären Krise der Welt, um herauszufinden, wie die Menschen dort damit leben können.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EBnkxrAC7sM

(* B K P)

Westliches Messen mit zweierlei Mass

Der Jemen ist nicht die Ukraine. Aber an beiden Orten ist Krieg – verbunden mit menschlichem Leid. Wie aber reagieren die Politiker, wie die Medien, wie die Menschen in Berlin, Paris, London, oder auch in Zürich? Wenn zwei das gleiche tun …

Saudi-Arabien betrachtet das kleine südliche Nachbarland als seinen Hinterhof, in dem es aus geostrategischen Gründen für Ordnung zu sorgen hat. Seit Mitte des letzten Jahrhunderts haben die Saudis sechsmal in Jemen militärisch interveniert. Bei der jüngsten Intervention leisteten vor allem USA, Grossbritannien und Frankreich Unterstützung.

Im Jemen wird – trotz aller Dementis auf beiden Seiten – in einem Stellvertreterkrieg der Machtkampf zwischen den USA und dem Iran der Ayatollahs ausgetragen. Die saudischen Kampfjets und Helikopter aus den USA sind in dieser Hinsicht nicht mehr und nicht weniger als das militärische Werkzeug westlicher Geostrategie. Saudi-Arabien führt einen Präventivkrieg, der es täglich 200 Millionen Dollar kostet, um zu verhindern, dass der Feind Iran über seinen Einfluss auf die Huthis in die Nähe der saudischen Grenze kommen könnte. Klingt diese Art von Argumentation seit dem 24. Februar 2022 nicht irgendwie bekannt?

In London oder Paris wurden aber bislang keine jemenitischen Flaggen an den Balkonen gesichtet. In Zürich wurden keine Konten saudischer Geschäftsleute gesperrt. Keine Schulklassen singen in Berlin auf der Strasse, um Geld für den Jemen zu sammeln, und keine Parlamentarierin ist in den Jemen gereist, um vor den Ruinen der Luftangriffe Betroffenheit darzustellen. Der Westen ist eben stets bereit, die Konflikte, die man Russen oder Chinesen anlasten kann, mit grosser Empörung zu bewirtschaften. Bei den eigenen Kriegen nimmt man es weniger genau mit der Empörung.

https://globalbridge.ch/westliches-messen-mit-zweierlei-mass/ = https://www.hintergrund.de/politik/welt/schweigen-jemen/ = https://www.infosperber.ch/politik/ukraine-und-jemen-ein-messen-mit-zweierlei-mass/

(B H K P)

Film: History of Yemen's war

For seven years now, a Saudi-led coalition has been at war with the Houthis in Yemen. According to the UN, the war has killed tens of thousands of people and caused the world's worst humanitarian crisis. On the Heat, author & professor Mohsen Milani provides context on the history of the war.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EuszLnpmkCo

(* B H K P)

Truce unlikely to end Yemen war

Saudi Arabia is looking for a way to end the disastrous, protracted war it has been fighting in Yemen for the last seven years. A surge in fighting has given way to an uneasy two-month truce (from 1 April) brokered by the United Nations.

The intervention of a Saudi-led coalition into Yemen’s civil war has devastated a country which, even before the Saudi campaign started in 2015, was one of the world’s poorest. Yemen’s population is about 30 million, and 24mn, or 80%, now need humanitarian aid.

377,000 have died as a consequence of the war, the majority from hunger and disease.

The UN states that 10,200 children have been killed or wounded as a direct result of the conflict.

Yemen has also suffered from one of the largest cholera outbreaks ever recorded, with 2.5mn suspected cases and 4,000 deaths since 2016.

Much of the country’s infrastructure has been damaged or destroyed; half the country’s hospitals are not functioning.

A Saudi-led coalition, which includes the UAE, stepped into a civil war in Yemen to back up their preferred side

https://www.workersliberty.org/story/2022-05-04/truce-unlikely-end-yemen-war

(* B H P)

Food Insecurity In Yemen

Yemen’s food crisis is a direct, man-made result of the seven-year-long civil war.

Since 2015, the economy has halved, and Yemen is now considered one of the poorest countries in the world, with 80% of Yemenis living below the poverty line. The collapse of incomes and the increase in prices has pushed food beyond the reach of many Yemenis. A recent development in this conflict is that warring parties agreed on a two-month truce, which has the potential to be prolonged.

The response to food insecurity in Yemen is simply not enough. The problem persists because the civil war persists and now food insecurity is further exacerbated by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Food supplies have been disrupted by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine since Yemen consumed Ukraine’s wheat. The United Nations predicts that 19 million Yemenis will go hungry in the coming months. 160,000 Yemenis will face famine-like conditions.

The World Food Program currently provides approximately 13 million people with food assistance through rations, vouchers, and cash transfers. This still leaves millions of Yemenis without food.

The most obvious solution to address the issue of food insecurity in Yemen is to continue aid and increase the number of donations while addressing the root causes of the issue. There must be more significant campaigns to let people all over the world know of this crisis as it continues to be overshadowed by other conflicts and news.

It is also essential to address the root causes of Yemen’s food insecurity — conflict and economic hardship. Currently, Yemen must find other suppliers of affordable wheat besides Ukraine to curb the estimated increases in food shortages.

Right now, Yemenis are facing severe famine and food shortages. People are starving and need the help of the global community to help alleviate such issues. This world has nations with an abundance of food, while others do not have enough to feed even half of their population. The United Nations has called Yemen one of the worst humanitarian crises of the world.

https://theowp.org/reports/food-insecurity-in-yemen/

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

(** B P)

How to bolster Yemen and Saudi Arabia’s brittle peace deal

The United States behind the scenes has quietly abandoned seven years of broken diplomacy to play a more useful and balanced role. American distancing from Saudi Arabia has helped get the truce. The immediate priority should be to get commercial flights out of the capital Sana’a and then get an open-ended extension of the ceasefire before it expires in early June. The Yemen truce reflects a broader Saudi turn to detente with its regional rivals.

Effectively, the Saudis and Americans have wisely abandoned the United Nations Security Council resolution passed at the start of the war that tilted entirely toward Hadi and the Saudis. The resolution was America’s diplomatic gift to the Saudi war effort. U.S. President Joe Biden has quietly moved away from the Obama administration’s policy. Obama reluctantly backed the Saudis because his priority was the Iran nuclear deal and he did not want Saudi opposition to it. Biden has instead moved to a more balanced approach, and for their part the Saudis are increasingly determined to end the expensive quagmire they fell into seven years ago.

The immediate priority should be to get the commercial flights going to allow Yemenis access to the world, especially those with health issues that need attention that is unavailable in Yemen’s weak medical infrastructure. The U.N. is trying to get a Yemeni passport office established in Sana’a that both parties will agree can certify and issue appropriate documents.

The next big step is to get the cease-fire extended indefinitely. Both sides accuse the other of violating the truce especially around the city of Marib, the last major city in the north outside Houthi control. Agreement on a long-term truce should help resolve local conflict by setting a strategic framework within which to solve tactical problems.

The peace process in Yemen has apparently benefited from the ongoing dialogue between Saudi Arabia and Iran that Iraq has been hosting.

The detente with Iran is another fundamental shift in Saudi policy under King Salman. His term in office has been the most virulently anti-Iran in Saudi history, highlighted by the break in relations, and the war in Yemen. Saudi Arabia has been the loser in the rivalry. Iran’s partners and proxies in Yemen, Syria, and Lebanon have gotten stronger since 2016.

Collectively, the kingdom is trying to reduce regional tensions and restore alliances fractured by the reckless adventure in Yemen. We can only surmise the Saudis have concluded their old approaches were not working and becoming unsustainable. The Biden administration should focus on assisting this process as a top priority. A truce in Yemen will save thousands of lives, especially among the most vulnerable: children – by Bruce Riedel

https://www.brookings.edu/blog/order-from-chaos/2022/05/10/how-to-bolster-yemen-and-saudi-arabias-brittle-peace-deal/

(** B P)

Yemen’s Great Enabler Departs

The former president Abdo Rabbu Mansour Hadi was a ‘painful friend’ to have – and a worse president

Now that Hadi has departed, replaced by a presidential council, it’s time to consider his legacy. And what a pointless lack of legacy it is. For a man who led a country and its people for a decade, there are precious few achievements to point to. Hadi resembles no world leaders so much as former Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika — an ill and often absent president, removed by his own government — and Afghanistan’s Ashraf Ghani, a corrupt figurehead, who fled the country.

We were so taken by the possibility of change that 6.6 million Yemenis — 65% of eligible voters — turned out to vote for Hadi in a one-candidate election in 2012. Some friends chuckled at me for taking part in such a “fake election.” But we were desperate to find a way forward and for a leader who would bear out our aspirations for our country and navigate it through what was to be a brief transitional phase so that Yemen could be spared the bloody path we saw Syria careening down every day. Little did we know, or could we even imagine, that Hadi would take us on a catastrophic combination of Syrian, Libyan, Somali and Iraqi routes.

That’s why many Yemenis feel Hadi has stabbed them in the back twice over, once through incompetence and a tolerance for corruption, and then again by allowing the country to be dragged into civil and proxy wars. He spent eight of his 10 years as Yemen’s “transitional” president living outside the country, abusing his power by indulging corrupt relatives and allies, granting his sons the decidedly unconstitutional authority to manage and meddle in state matters and showing little interest in appeals from Yemenis to ease their burdens. Throughout these years, Hadi, from outside Yemen, encouraged people to fight and die to preserve his status as Yemen’s “legitimate” president.

His circle of advisers didn’t hesitate to uphold and repeat that dubious claim of legitimacy — and kept repeating it for years beyond his mandate, right up until the moment Hadi was finally forced out of office on April 7. At that point, those same advisers scrambled to secure their own interests.

For all of these reasons, Hadi’s departure was not celebrated most by his Houthi opponents in Sanaa. Rather, it was by those who fought the Houthis under the banner of Hadi’s “legitimate” government. The mood lightened considerably in many gatherings in Marib and Shabwa governorates, this year’s key battleground, where sheikhs and residents discussed the changes during nightly Ramadan get-togethers, where qat, a plant chewed as a stimulant, is shared.

But speaking to people across the country, there is a sense that at least with Hadi’s departure, things may actually move again. Governing Yemen requires someone who is actually in Yemen and interested in governing.

Beyond all of that, and to our Yemen Arab Spring generation specifically, Hadi will always be viewed as the man who transformed opportunities into problems and dreams into nightmares. That is his legacy to the generation behind the 2011 revolution. We dreamed of Yemenis truly practicing democracy and taking our country forward; for many, having demanded these dreams become reality is their biggest regret in life.

It was a dream to have a truly national dialogue, but Hadi and his aides abused the process of the 2013-14 National Dialogue Conference so horribly — by manipulating representation and outcomes, violating conference bylaws, buying loyalties — that it ended with a civil war.

It was a dream to have the support of Saudi Arabia and other Gulf Arab countries with sufficient resources and authority to make the transitional period succeed. Yet Hadi abused that relationship for personal interests to the extent his indulgent hosts, who justified their destructive role in Yemen’s war on Hadi’s request for intervention, eventually lost patience, kicking him out of office and effectively changing the locks by installing a command council to replace the presidency. It was a humiliating, though sadly unsurprising, end. The Saudis, it seems, learned what Yemeni business owner Khaled Abdulwahid knows all too well. Asked recently in Aden what it meant to have a lifelong friend like Hadi, he grimaced: “It is very painful.” – by Farea Al-Muslimi

https://newlinesmag.com/argument/yemens-great-enabler-departs/

(** B H P)

Yemen's war-weary Taiz choked by siege despite truce

Announced just over a month ago, the truce called for warring parties to re-open the main roads into Taiz, a city of roughly 600,000 people in Yemen's southwest that has been largely cut off from the world since 2015.

So far, however, those roads remain closed, meaning truck drivers and ordinary civilians have no choice but to seek out dangerous alternative routes prone to accidents and seemingly endless traffic jams.

In normal times, one such road, known as "Al-Aqroudh", should allow drivers to reach the village of Al-Hawban east of Taiz in just 15 minutes. But now the trip can take up to eight hours.

"People are tired, especially children and women. We wait in traffic jams for three or four hours because of the narrowness of the road," truck driver Abdo al-Jaachani told journalists. These days he only uses the road once or twice a week to avoid a rough journey that is compounded by the wear-and-tear on vehicles as well as the rising price of fuel.

Each day "civilian victims fall on rugged mountain roads", more than a dozen groups said in a joint statement in April. "The horrifying scenes of vehicles and trucks falling apart with people and goods... are unspeakable."

In a Twitter post on Wednesday, the French embassy in Yemen expressed "deep concern over the siege of Taiz which has lasted for several years and which places its many inhabitants in humanitarian distress".

Residents like Abdallah Rajeh find themselves unwilling to venture out to see relatives as such trips are "very painful because of the bumpy road and the traffic jams". Like many of his neighbours, he holds out hope that the truce will eventually unblock the main roads in and out of Taiz.

"If the crossings are not re-opened, people will pay the price," he said. "All these problems and difficulties only affect ordinary people." (photos)

https://www.france24.com/en/live-news/20220506-yemen-s-war-weary-taez-choked-by-siege-despite-truce = https://en.qantara.de/content/yemens-war-weary-taiz-choked-by-siege-despite-truce

(** B H)

Glimmers of hope: Yemen’s rich history endures far from war – in pictures

Photographer Tariq Zaidi travelled to the Hadhramaut and Al Mahrah regions of Yemen, where a ceasefire has allowed a kind of normality to return after years of conflict and unimaginable hardship

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/gallery/2022/may/09/yemen-rich-history-endures-far-from-war-in-pictures

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Coronavirus und Seuchen / Most important: Coronavirus and epidemics

(B H)

Film: WHO & KSrelief in their fight against Malaria in Yemen.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MzNSqFab9Rw

(A H)

Corona-suspected-cases-recorded-in-a-number-of-governorates

https://en-smanews.org/south-arabia/corona-suspected-cases-recorded-in-a-number-of-governorates/

cp2 Allgemein / General

(* A K P)

Interactive Map of Yemen War

https://yemen.liveuamap.com/

(A K)

MILITARY SITUATION IN YEMEN ON MAY 5, 2022 (MAP UPDATE)

https://southfront.org/military-situation-in-yemen-on-may-5-2022-map-update/

(* B K)

Zahl der zivilen Iofer seit Waffenstillstand halbiert

Die Zahl der zivilen Opfer im Jemen-Konflikt ist laut einer norwegischen Hilfsorganisation seit dem Beginn des Waffenstillstandsabkommens Anfang April um mehr als die Hälfte gesunken. Der Rückgang sei ein klarer Beweis für den Nutzen des Waffenstillstands, erklärte der Norwegische Flüchtlingsrat am Mittwoch in Oslo.

Im Monat vor der Ankündigung des Waffenstillstands seien 213 Zivilisten verletzt oder getötet worden. Im Folgemonat des Abkommens seien noch 95 Zivilisten verwundet oder getötet worden, viele von ihnen durch nicht geräumte Landminen, improvisierte Sprengkörper und Blindgänger.

https://www.evangelisch.de/inhalte/200954/11-05-2022/jemen-zahl-der-zivilen-opfer-seit-waffenstillstand-halbiert

(* B K)

Yemen: Civilian casualties halved since the start of the truce

The number of civilians killed and injured in Yemen has dropped by more than 50 per cent since the start of the truce agreement 2 April.

In the month before the announcement of the truce, 213 civilians were injured or killed in the war in Yemen. In the month that followed, this was reduced to 95, according to data from the Civilian Impact Monitoring Project.

“The figures provide clear proof of the benefits from the truce. During the last month, many families were spared from having their lives shattered by the loss of family members to a meaningless war. For the sake of the Yemeni people and their future, we hope the parties to the conflict will extend the truce,” said Erin Hutchinson, Yemen Country Director for the Norwegian Refugee Council.

https://www.nrc.no/news/2022/may/yemen-civilian-casualties-halved-since-the-start-of-the-truce/

(* B K pH)

46,374 civilians killed, injured by coalition’s aggressive war on Yemen during 2,600 days

A recent statistic issued by the Humanity Eye Center for Rights and Development revealed that 46,374 civilians were killed and wounded during 2,600 days of the aggressive war waged by the US-Saudi-Emirati coalition on Yemen.

The statistics showed that the number of civilians killed during 2,600 days amounted to 17,750, including 4,028 children, 2,440 women, and 11,307 men, while the number of wounded reached 28,559, including 4,595 children, 2,440 women, and 21,091 men.

With regard to infrastructure, the statistic stated that the coalition airstrikes destroyed 15 airports, 16 ports, 342 power stations and generators, 6,827 roads and bridges, and 614 telecommunication stations, in addition to the destruction of 2,815 water tanks and networks, and 2,095 government facilities.

As for the economic establishments, the statistics explained that the coalition warplanes destroyed 405 factories, 384 fuel tracks, 11,952 commercial establishments, 434 chicken and livestock farms, 9,868 transport vehicles, 971 food trucks, 698 markets, 482 fishing boats, 1,002 food stores, and 423 fuel stations.

On the service facilities, the statistics confirmed that the coalition destroyed 590,770 homes, 182 university facilities, 1,622 mosques, and 376 tourist facilities. The coalition also destroyed 413 hospitals and health facilities, 1,216 schools and educational facilities, 139 sports facilities, 254 archaeological sites, 60 media facilities, and 9,799 agricultural fields.

https://en.ypagency.net/260413/

(B P)

Audio: Über den vergessenen Krieg im Jemen: Said AlDailami, Staatswissenschaftler

Said AlDailami ist im Jemen geboren, floh mit seiner Familie nach Deutschland, wurde Bundeswehroffizier und Staatswissenschaftler. Heute sieht er sich als Brückenbauer zwischen Europa und dem arabischen Raum.

https://www.br.de/radio/bayern2/sendungen/eins-zu-eins-der-talk/said-al-dailami-eins-zu-eins-der-talk-100.html

(* B P)

Saudi-Arabien plant, mehrere jemenitische Provinzen zu annektieren

Ein jemenitischer Medienbericht hat enthüllt, dass Saudi-Arabien, das seit über sieben Jahren einen verheerenden Krieg gegen den Jemen führt, plant, eine Reihe wichtiger jemenitischer Provinzen zu annektieren.

Laut einem kürzlich erschienenen Bericht von Crater Sky hielt ein saudischer Amtsträger ein Treffen mit einem Komitee ab, das aus Personen aus den jemenitischen Provinzen Hadhramaut, Shabwah, al-Mahrah und Abyan bestand, um bekannt zu geben, dass das Königreich eine Entscheidung getroffen hat den Menschen dieser Provinzen das Recht auf Selbstbestimmung zu gewähren, damit sie Saudi-Arabien beitreten können.

Während des Treffens kündigte der saudische Verantwortliche auch an, dass die Entscheidung nicht aufgehoben werde, berichtete die in Aden ansässige Website.

Er bezeichnete die rohstoffreichen jemenitischen Provinzen auch als „arabischen Süden Saudi-Arabiens“.

Dem Bericht zufolge ist diese Entscheidung des Königreichs Teil seiner Pläne, Zugang zum Indischen Ozean zu erhalten.

https://parstoday.com/de/news/middle_east-i68488-saudi_arabien_plant_mehrere_jemenitische_provinzen_zu_annektieren

und auch https://uncutnews.ch/bericht-saudi-arabien-plant-die-haelfte-des-jemen-zu-annektieren/

(* B P)

Riyadh decided to annex several Yemeni provinces: report

The Yemeni news website "cratersky" has revealed Saudi Arabia's intention to annex several important eastern Yemeni provinces to its territories.

Saudi Arabia intends to annex the Yemeni provinces of Hadhramaut, Shabwa, Al-Mahra and Abyan with the aim of gaining access to the waters in the south of Yemen under the guise of granting the right to self-determination to the people of those provinces.

The Arab news website quoted its sources as saying that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia had met with a number of people in the provinces telling them that the Kingdom has decided to do this and there would be no reverse course.

Official sources have not yet confirmed the news. In the meantime, the Saudis have also not reacted to the report.

https://en.mehrnews.com/news/186535/Riyadh-decided-to-annex-several-Yemeni-provinces-report

and also https://en.abna24.com/news//saudi-arabia-plans-to-annex-several-yemeni-provinces_1255975.html

https://www.farsnews.ir/en/news/14010219000412/Repr-Sadi-Arabia-Plans-Annex-Several-Yemeni-Prvinces

and

(* A P)

Leaked Saudi plot to directly annex eastern Yemen causes furious response across Yemen

Saudi authorities have on Tuesday arrested a naturalized Yemeni-born Saudi businessman, after he had exposed a dangerous behind-the-scenes scheme to cut off large parts of the Yemen’s eastern regions.

Saudi media quoted a security official in Jeddah as saying that police had arrested a Yemeni expatriate who had organised a large meeting in Saudi Arabia and spoke of necessary actions to improve the situation of expatriates.

The official was referring to Gamal Bakhshwin, a Hadhramauti businessman, who appeared at a conference sponsored by the Saudi government a few days ago in which hundreds of people from Yemen’s eastern provinces participated in a plan to keep Yemen’s oil-rich regions under Saudi guardianship in the future.

Bakhshwin said during the conference that he “received a mandate from higher authorities” in Saudi Arabia to start a naturalisation process for the people of the eastern provinces, as part of arrangements to annex this region into Saudi Arabia directly. The area includes the provinces of Shabwah, Hadhramaut and Mahrah, which are only sparsely populated but extremely rich in natural resources and strategically located.

The conference has provoked furious reactions across Yemen, even from within pro-Saudi forces. This response has likely surprised Saudi authorities and prompted them to act

The arrest marks a possible Saudi attempt to cool the popular anger across Yemen, which has already reached a point at which Saudi forces Socotra have been subjected to attacks.

https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2022/05/10/leaked-saudi-plot-to-directly-annex-eastern-yemen-causes-furious-response-across-yemen/ = https://en.ypagency.net/260372/

(B K P)

Gilda Morkert: Saudi-Led Coalition Waging Barbaric War on Yemen

Gilda Morkert, political activist, says targeting civilians and infrastructures, and making Yemenis starve are Riyadh’s tactics, which were first used by Barbarians.

Speaking in an interview with FNA, Morkert said, “Deprivation is very intended part of war. The more disease and natural type of death they bring the less bombs they need.”

“They (the Saudis) have taken a page from the US colonial playbook… Targeting civilians is the same as our colonial ancestors did to our natives [in America] that they see as inferior and a threat to their control”, she added.

Gilda Morkert is an American human rights and peace activist.

Below is the full text of the interview:

Q: Why does Saudi-led coalition target Yemeni civilians and the impoverished country’s infrastructure?

A: I do not feel that Riyadh's war has anything to do with the government, and everything to do with natural resources and gaining more land. They have taken a page from the US colonial playbook. If they can control the government, they can control the natural resources. They want to annihilate all those who may be partial to the present government, and destruction of any infrastructure is crucial to the plan of taking over. Targeting civilians is the same as our colonial ancestors did to our natives that they see as inferior and a threat to their control. And to put it bluntly, they do not care about human lives, if they did there would be no Wahhabism, they would not tolerate such evil. The Saudis are a corrupt arrogant monarchy in my opinion. If they can profiteer from human suffering they will keep killing. It may sound harsh, but we have seen and heard about this from the beginning of the US founding.

Q: Yemenis are deprived from healthy water, and it resulted in cholera outbreak in the country (even before the Covid-19 pandemic). Is this intended to be a part of the war on Yemen?

A: Deprivation is very intended part of war. The more disease and "natural" type of death they bring the less bombs they need. Starvation in war is a tactic used by barbarians.

https://www.farsnews.ir/en/news/14010216000437/Gilda-Mrker-Sadi-Led-Caliin-Waging-Barbaric-War-n-Yemen

(B K P)

«Jemens Regierung will einen neuen Weg einschlagen»

Mareike Transfeld vom Yemen Policy Center sieht einen Hoffnungsschimmer.

Der Ramadan ist zu Ende, die Waffenruhe soll noch einen Monat weitergehen. Wie gross sind die Chancen, dass das gelingt?

Mareike Transfeld: Es gibt einige Punkte, die dafür sprechen oder die einen zumindest optimistisch gestimmt sein lassen, dass diese Waffenruhe weiter anhalten könnte. Insbesondere, da die Konfliktparteien über vertrauensbildende Massnahmen sprechen. Aber es gibt genauso auch Faktoren, die dagegen sprechen. Und damit könnte es auch möglich sein, dass zum Ende dieser Waffenruhe die Gewalt wieder beginnt.

Offiziell wird dieser Waffenstillstand also als Erfolg gesehen, es gibt immerhin Gespräche. Was braucht es für einen dauerhaften Frieden?

Es braucht mehr vertrauensbildende Massnahmen. Insbesondere müssen die Huthis signalisieren, dass sie ernste Bereitschaft haben, an Gesprächen teilzunehmen und die Ergebnisse dieser Gespräche auch umzusetzen. Dazu ist es auch wichtig, dass die Huthis durch diese Gespräche mehr gewinnen können als auf dem militärischen Weg.

Derzeit kommen die grösseren Signale von der saudischen Seite und der Seite der international anerkannten Regierung. Ausserdem wäre es wichtig, dass politische und staatliche Institutionen funktionieren, um die Ergebnisse der Verhandlungen auch wirklich umsetzen zu können.

Wie stehen die Chancen, dass es in Jemen tatsächlich Frieden gibt?

Derzeit befinden wir uns in einer Vorphase von Verhandlungen. Wenn wir diese erfolgreich bestehen, könnte es sein, dass es zu Friedensverhandlungen kommt. Saudi-Arabien hat schon signalisiert, dass Interesse besteht. Es gibt auch klare Schritte auf Seiten der jemenitischen Regierung

https://www.srf.ch/news/international/waffenruhe-waehrend-des-ramadan-jemens-regierung-will-einen-neuen-weg-einschlagen

(B K P)

Nicht vergessen: Auch hier wird getötet

Andere Kriege: Seit dem Angriff Wladimir Putins auf die Ukraine wird das Sterben durch Waffengewalt plötzlich Teil unseres Alltags. Krieg herrscht aber nicht nur in der Ukraine. Auch andernorts lassen Regierungen andere Staaten angreifen

Die im Jemen geltende Feuerpause schaffte es bislang durch den ganzen April, bis über den Fastenmonat Ramadan hinaus. Es ist die erste seit sechs Jahren für ein Land, das versehrter kaum sein kann. 370.000 Menschen sind bisher im Krieg zwischen den Huthi-Rebellen und der von Saudi-Arabien dirigierten Golfkoalition ums Leben gekommen.

Sie fielen als Kombattanten, sie verbrannten im Feuersturm der Luftschläge, sie wurden als auf Puppengröße geschrumpfte Brandleichen geborgen oder nie gefunden. Man zog sie aus den Trümmern ihrer durch Bomben geborstenen Häuser. Sie starben in überfüllten Hospitälern, weil dort Wasser, Strom, Ärzte und Medikamente fehlten. Sie verhungerten in der darbenden Zentralregion Hadramaut. Im Jemen grassiert ein Krieg, der die Grenzen des Vorstellbaren sprengt wie jeder Krieg. In diesem Fall jenseits internationaler Anteilnahme.

Die jetzige Waffenruhe ist einem militärischen Patt und der Einsicht geschuldet: Bis auf Weiteres kann keine der Konfliktparteien eine Entscheidung erzwingen. Kompromisse sind nötig, Vorleistungen ebenso

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/der-freitag/armenien-kurdistan-jemen-nicht-nur-in-der-ukraine-herrscht-krieg

(A P)

The chairman of the [Aden] governmental commission in charge of removing the blockades on Taiz road says the UN brokered truce is unilateral – from the army's side only. He said the Houthi militia's truce breaches have resulted in 51 causalities in the first month and few days since the truce's declaration/Taiz Time and other websites.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-55824

(B K P)

Film: Was ist los im Jemen, Gudrun Harrer?

Im Jemen herrscht seit Jahren Krieg. Die Ukraine-Krise verschärft die Lage. Eine politische Lösung muss dringend her, sagt Gudrun Harrer, leitende Redakteurin und Nahost-Expertin beim STANDARD

https://www.derstandard.at/story/2000135452251/was-ist-los-im-jemen-gudrun-harrer?ref=rss = https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oghb8Ltv1r0

Mein Kommentar: Durchwachsen.

(A K P)

Yemen's fragile truce enters its second month on Eid Al-Fitr

The Yemeni resistance movement Ansar Allah records dozens of cease-ire violations by the Saudi Arabian coalition every day, including airstrikes in Al-Hudaydah and Marib provinces.

"They have no principles to respect the ceasefire they signed," Jubarah said in an interview for Al Mayadeen English. "This is because the West does not want there to be peace in Yemen."

Jubarah stressed that the coalition of aggression views the ceasefire as "a stage to gather forces to attack the Yemenis again."

"Ansar Allah should not give the coalition a chance to control even an inch of our land," Jubarah said. "They should respond quickly and immediately by closing the airports of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates and restricting their seaports, as they are doing to us."

Mohammed Mujahed, a Yemeni farmer in Sanaa, said, "The truce has pleased us during Ramadan and Eid."

"Because of the ceasefire, we are no longer afraid of airstrikes, which always hit civilian objects. We can visit any place now. The war is bad," Mujahed, who lives in Sanaa, told Al Mayadeen English.

https://english.almayadeen.net/articles/feature/yemens-fragile-truce-enters-its-second-month-on-eid-al-fitr

(* B P)

Greenpeace: Im Roten Meer droht eine Ölpest

Die Alarmglocken läuten immer lauter. Die Vereinten Nationen, Regierungen, Umweltorganisationen und Wissenschaftler:innen warnen vor dem Untergang der FSO Safer. Der verlassene Öltanker liegt mit einer Ladung von 140 000 Tonnen Rohöl im Roten Meer vor der jemenitischen Küste vor Anker. Jetzt bittet die UNO verschiedene Länder um Geld, um das Öl auf ein anderes Schiff zu pumpen. Greenpeace fordert vom Bundesrat, sich an den Kosten zu beteiligen.

Die FSO Safer ist ein riesiger Ölanker, 360 Meter lang und 70 Meter breit. Das Schiff liegt etwa 8 km von Ras Isa (Jemen) entfernt im Roten Meer vor Anker. Es enthält schätzungsweise 1,1 Millionen Barrel (über 140’000 Tonnen) Rohöl.

Der Einhüllentanker, der früher Esso Japan hiess, wurde 1976 gebaut und 1988 an die jemenitische Regierung verkauft. Er wurde letztmals 2014 vom American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) inspiziert. Seitdem ist er aber wegen des anhaltenden Krieges in Jemen nicht mehr kontrolliert worden. Das Schiff ist «out of class». Das heisst, es ist nicht mehr versichert. Nach sieben Jahren der Vernachlässigung rostet der Schiffsrumpf vor sich in, die Generatoren sind ausgefallen und die Feuerlöscher funktionieren nicht mehr.

Greenpeace hat eine Dokumentation veröffentlicht, in der die humanitären und ökologischen Folgen einer Ölpest oder Explosion auf der FSO Safer beschrieben sind. Wir begrüssen die jüngste Ankündigung, dass eine Einigung über den Umschlag des Öls von der FSO Safer auf einen anderen Tanker erzielt wurde. In der Zwischenzeit aber befindet sich das Schiff weiterhin in desolatem Zustand. Und die mangelnde Vorbereitung auf eine Ölkatastrophe gibt Anlass zu grosser Sorge.

Obwohl alle am Konflikt im Jemen beteiligten Parteien bereits vor einem Jahr vor den Risiken eines Unfalls mit der FSO Safer gewarnt haben, ist die Lage noch immer hochexplosiv. Es müssen dringend die erforderlichen Massnahmen ergriffen werden, damit alle beteiligten Parteien mit den UN-Expert:innen zusammenarbeiten, um dieses Problem zu lösen.

Greenpeace hat dazu aufgerufen, eine Ölsperre um die FSO Safer zu errichten und dringend benötigtes Material zur Bekämpfung von Ölverschmutzungen bereit zu halten.

https://www.greenpeace.ch/de/story/85478/im-roten-meer-droht-eine-oelpest/

und

(* B P)

Vor Jemens Küste droht eine Ölpest

»Die Auswirkungen eines Lecks wären katastrophal«: Das Bürgerkriegsland Jemen steht vor der nächsten Katastrophe – der 45 Jahre alte Öltanker »FSO Safer« zerbricht wohl bald.

Katastrophenszenario vor der Arabischen Halbinsel: Die Uno warnt vor Milliardenkosten, falls ein vor der Küste des Jemen aufgegebener Öltanker zerbricht. Der Uno-Koordinator für humanitäre Hilfe im Jemen, David Gressly, sagte am Montag, dass ein jüngster Besuch mit technischen Experten an Bord der »FSO Safer« darauf hindeutet, »dass das Schiff in Kürze auseinanderbrechen wird«. Die Beseitigung der drohenden Ölpest könnte 20 Milliarden Dollar (19 Milliarden Euro) kosten.

Der 45 Jahre alte schwimmende Öltanker »Safer« wurde lange Zeit als schwimmendes Öllager mit 1,1 Millionen Barrel Rohöl an Bord genutzt. Das Schiff liegt seit 2015 vor dem von Rebellen kontrollierten jemenitischen Hafen Hodeida, ohne gewartet zu werden.

»Die Auswirkungen eines Lecks wären katastrophal«, warnte Gressly. Dem Uno-Vertreter zufolge wollen die Niederlande am Mittwoch eine Geberkonferenz abhalten, um die Krise noch abzuwenden. Laut einer Schätzung vom vergangenen Monat benötigt die Uno dafür 80 Millionen Dollar. Damit soll das Öl von der »Safer« auf ein Ersatzschiff gepumpt werden.

Dies sei jedoch nur für die Sicherung der Ladung, betonte Gressly, der schätzte, dass für die Sicherungsarbeiten insgesamt 144 Millionen Dollar benötigt werden.

https://www.spiegel.de/ausland/jemen-oelpest-droht-uno-warnt-und-braucht-geld-um-zu-helfen-a-434b5b87-b2b8-449f-945d-f475e1b27af7

und auch https://www.faz.net/aktuell/politik/warnung-vor-drohender-oelpest-vor-jemen-18018714.html

https://www.wienerzeitung.at/nachrichten/chronik/welt/2146891-UNO-warnt-wegen-drohender-Oelpest-vor-Jemen.html = https://www.diepresse.com/6137190/vor-der-kuesten-des-jemen-droht-eine-oel-katastrophe

https://www.krone.at/2703928

(* B P)

Yemen Is Sitting on a Time Bomb Bigger Than the Exxon Valdez

An abandoned oil tanker with more than 1 million barrels of crude is rusting off the coast.

In the midst of the war in Yemen, there is an ecological time bomb ticking just off the coast: a derelict oil tanker that could cause a disastrous oil spill unless immediate action is taken to avert the catastrophe.

Originally used as an offshore storage vessel, the FSO Safer was largely abandoned in 2015 when the Yemeni civil war forced its maintenance and repair operations to come to a halt. After years of decay, aid agencies and environmental groups warn that the rusting tanker—which holds an estimated 1.14 million barrels of oil—is now teetering on the verge of collapse.

If the tanker breaks apart, it could cause one of the largest ocean oil spills in history—bigger than the Amoco Cadiz in France in 1978, the Exxon Valdez in Alaska in 1989, or the Prestige in Spain in 2002—and cost tens of billions of dollars to clean up. [paywalled]

https://foreignpolicy.com/2022/05/10/yemen-oil-tanker-spill-fso-safer-disaster/

and also https://www.aljazeera.com/opinions/2022/5/10/fso-safer-the-ageing-oil-tanker-is-a-time-bomb-on-yemens-coast

and

(A P)

Greenpeace: We only have a few weeks to prevent a disaster

The FSO SAFER, a rusting tanker with a toxic cargo of 1.1 million barrels of oil, has been left unattended off the coast of Yemen. It could break or explode at any moment, with incalculable consequences for the livelihoods of coastal communities, the health of children and vulnerable adults and the fragile environment of the Red Sea.

This upcoming May, a UN event will take place with the aim to raise a total of $80 million needed to transfer the oil from the abandoned tanker. We are calling all UN representatives to respond to this invitation and commit to funding this urgent operation. There is finally an agreed plan to solve the problem and give hope to the Yemeni people. It must be implemented before October, when the wind and the currents will be too dangerous and hinder any rescue operation. Lack of funding cannot be used as an excuse to fail: the international community has the moral responsibility to intervene in solidarity and contribute to protect the people of Yemen and the natural wonders of the Red Sea.

Sign the petition and tell them the world is watching.

https://www.greenpeace.org/international/act/fso-safer/

Films: https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20220508-un-to-stop-oil-spill-off-yemens-coast/

https://twitter.com/holmakhdar/status/1522641881661849600

and

(* B P)

Audio: Cleaning up massive Red Sea oil spill before it happens

An oil storage tanker off the Yemeni coast is in danger of a hull breach that would release a million barrels of oil, coating the Red Sea coasts of Yemen, Saudi Arabia and the Horn of Africa and leading to an ecological and humanitarian crisis. Having won the cooperation of Yemen's Houthi authorities, the UN is mounting a salvage operation. But it's a race against time, and the UN needs money to complete the job. Host Marco Werman speaks with UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Yemen David Gressly, who is in charge of the salvage operation.

https://theworld.org/media/2022-05-05/cleaning-massive-red-sea-oil-spill-it-happens

and

(* B P)

UN lays out plan to prevent oil tanker disaster off Yemen’s coast

45-year-old FSO Safer ‘a catastrophe waiting to happen’, says UN’s David Gressly

The floating storage and offloading (FSO) facility “Safer”, an ageing oil tanker off Yemen’s Red Sea coast, will cost approximately $20 billion to clean up if oil spills, according to United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Yemen David Gressly.

The 45-year-old FSO Safer, long used as a floating oil storage platform with 1.1 million barrels of crude on board, has been moored off Yemen’s western Red Sea port of Hodeida since 2015, without being serviced, according to AFP news agency.

During a media briefing at the UNDP Regional Hub Office for Arab States in Amman, Gressly emphasised the threat the vessel poses.

It is a “catastrophe waiting to happen”, he said.

Gressly noted that the vessel has not had any maintenance “for years” and is “rapidly getting worse every day”, which may lead to a major humanitarian, economic and environmental catastrophe.

“The impact of any spilled oil will be catastrophic,” he said. The vessel holds four times the amount of oil than the Exxon Valdez, which spilled in 1989.

If oil were to spill from the vessel, it would have a “tremendous” effect on the environment, as well as would damage shipping, tourism, fishing, and the livelihoods of people who are already suffering, Gressly said.

He noted that the damage could potentially also reach other countries, such as Saudi Arabia, Djibouti and Somalia, as well as potentially impact tourism in Egypt and Jordan.

However the civil war and conflict in Yemen makes it very difficult because “we need all parties to cooperate”, who are currently in conflict, said Gressly.

“It is necessary to find an agreement and also extremely important to have everyone on board for the initiative,” he said.

He indicated that the government of Yemen and the Sanaa-based authorities have committed to facilitating the success of the project.

Gressly noted that during the meeting a two-step plan was agreed upon. While working to replace the existing FSO with one of equivalent storage capacity, which can take up to 18 months, the oil will be placed in a temporary vessel, so it does not pose a threat to the environment any longer, he said.

The budget for the two-track operation is $144 million, including $79.6 million for the emergency operation, which is higher due to the “highly insecure” environment, according to Gressly.

“Our operational plan is now completed, and we are moving forward with the contracting. Once the work begins it will take approximately two months to do the work on the existing vessel, and secure the oil to avoid any spilling, which is the first part of the operation, then the long-term replacement will start,” he said.

Gressly noted that on Wednesday, the Netherlands and the United Nations will co-host a pledging event to support the UN-coordinated plan to address the threat.

http://www.jordantimes.com/news/region/un-lays-out-plan-prevent-oil-tanker-disaster-yemens-coast

and https://news.yahoo.com/un-says-imminent-yemen-oil-191012376.html?fr=sycsrp_catchall

and

(A P)

UN leads £65m plan to stop huge oil spill off Yemen during first ceasefire in six years

The UN is to stage a rare donor conference on Wednesday in a bid to raise the $80m (£65m) necessary to prevent an ageing oil tanker off the west coast of Yemen exploding and causing an environmental disaster potentially four times worse than the Exxon Valdez spill near Alaska in 1989.

The money is needed to offload more than 1.14m barrels of oil that have been sitting in the decrepit cargo ship, Safer, for more than six years because of an impasse between Houthi groups and the Saudi-backed government over ownership and responsibility.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/may/08/un-leads-65m-plan-to-stop-huge-oil-spill-off-yemen-during-first-ceasefire-in-six-years

(* A P)

Saudi Arabia calls on Al-Alimi to pay its losses in the war on Yemen

Media sources revealed that Saudi Arabia demanded the so-called Presidential Council, which it was formed in April headed by Rashad al-Alimi, to pay Riyadh’s losses in its war on Yemen, which reportedly amounted to $800 billion.

The sources confirmed that there was an old deal between Saudi Arabia and Hadi in which he signed a monthly commitment to pay Saudi losses.

“Saudi Arabia wants Al-Alimi Council to approve a debt of $800 billion to Yemen. According an official in the coalition-backed government, Hadi’s debt as of the end of 2021 amounted to $256 billion,” said Anes Mansour, a consultant at Hadi’s embassy in Riyadh.

Mansour added in another tweet, that during the 8 years of war, Yemen’s income from oil and gas goes to the Saudi National Bank and recently Rashad al-Alimi asked Saudi Arabia kindly to supply Yemeni income to the Central Bank of Yemen in Aden so that the government can meet its obligations, but Saudi Arabia refused!!.”

According to the coalition-backed government source, Saudi Arabia forced Hadi to grant investment contracts in Yemen’s oil fields, including future exploration fields, for 50 years.

The sources indicated that the Al-Alimi Council renewed its commitment to all agreements signed by Hadi.

https://en.ypagency.net/260090/ = https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2022/05/05/saudi-arabia-demands-yemen-to-pay-800-billion-dollars-in-compensation-for-losses-suffered-in-war/

My comment: Crazy.

(* B P)

Film by CGTN: UN-led truce in Yemen

Joining the discussion:

Gerald Feierstein is a former U.S. Ambassador to Yemen & Senior Vice President with the Middle East Institute.

Mohsen Milani is the Executive Director of the Center for Strategic and Diplomatic Studies at the University of South Florida.

Hamoud Salhi is the Associate Dean of International Education and a Senior International Officer at California State University – Dominguez Hills.

Baraa Shiban is a Yemeni researcher and analyst.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Pq1OfyGa5CI

(* B P)

Is the Emerging UAE Maritime “Empire” Under Threat?

While the UAE is increasingly looking to the maritime domain as a key segment of its power projection, the Houthi attacks on the UAE and its shipping around the Arabian Peninsula seriously challenge Abu Dhabi’s maritime strategy and security.

Following the United Arab Emirates’ (UAE) successful efforts to diversify its economy away from hydrocarbons, and after becoming a regional trading hub, maritime security has become an ultimate priority for the UAE’s foreign policy. War in Yemen has opened the window of opportunity for the UAE to pursue its maritime ambitions by securing indirect control over three key strategic locations: the Bab al-Mandab strait, Aden Port, and the island of Socotra, which are all located near some of the busiest shipping routes in the world.

In the last decade, the UAE pursued a rather aggressive foreign policy, often relying on its hard power tools through military interventions and military support of its local partners in other states, especially in the Horn of Africa, Libya, and Yemen. But since 2019, the Middle Eastern power has started to recalibrate its foreign policy.

Nevertheless, the recalibration of UAE’s foreign policy does not mean that Abu Dhabi will abdicate its ambitions as a maritime military regional power. Its muscular foreign policy has just been enriched by the diversification of its diplomatic portfolio with the addition of new soft power initiatives that will enable Abu Dhabi to achieve its strategic geopolitical goals. While the announcement of the $982 million arms deal for four Falaj-3 offshore patrol vessels, for the UAE navy, certainly implies that the country will continue to increase its naval forces, the UAE has also joined several regional initiatives, such as Operation Sentinel, which aims to protect navigation and international trade in the Hormuz strait, as well as the European Maritime Awareness in the Strait of Hormuz (EMASOH), the France-led European mission to patrol and surveillance in Hormuz, by hosting its headquarters.

Besides the diplomatic and military dimension, the UAE has made significant geo-economic investments around waterways in the region, with DP World being the main driving force of the emerging UAE geo-commercial maritime “empire.” According to Dr. Jens Heibach, a research fellow at the German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA), DP World is a major –– and probably the most important –– pillar in the UAE’s diversification strategy.

Despite its military withdrawal from Yemen in 2019, the Southern Yemeni regions remain in the UAE’s sphere of influence through vast military and political support to its ally, the Southern Transitional Council (STC). The STC was formed from tribes and groups of the Southern Movement, which seeks independence of South Yemen along the old partition borders between North and South Yemen (1967-1990).

The UAE’s re-engagement in the conflict after deploying the Giant Brigades in the battle for Marib (the last stronghold of the Yemeni government) is believed to be the main cause for Houthi retaliatory attacks on UAE and its shipping lane in January.

This has put Abu Dhabi in a very delicate security situation, as it is seriously risking its security at home by engaging with the STC. Houthi missile and drone attacks on UAE territory have sent a strong message to Abu Dhabi that they may face a similar fate as Saudi Arabia, which has been under constant threat for years. On the other hand, the complete withdrawal and abandonment of strategic posts in Yemen would mean a savior blow to Emirati maritime ambitions, as they would lose control over strategic posts in Yemen

Dr. Heibach also believes that South Yemen is crucial for the UAE. He thinks that this might well have been the key reason for the UAE joining the Saudi-led intervention in 2015.

As for Dr. Heibach, he believes the future of the geopolitical chess game in Yemen will depend on how consolidated the UAE’s influence with Yemeni actors will be, what China can offer those and other Yemeni actors, and of course, how China will approach them, which in turn depends on how well the Chinese understand the conflict dynamics inside the country. “The UAE clearly has the edge over China, and the US for that matter,” he further noted. But one should also not forget the Yemeni actors, as they are not just motionless pawns in this game, and they know how important they are to external actors. Dr. Heibach affirmed that the actors have their own interests, and when these interests are no longer being served, they change alliances.

Therefore, the questions needing to be answered are: How many meaningful Yemeni groups are there? What are their interests? And to what extent are they diverging or converging, and why?

https://insidearabia.com/is-the-emerging-uae-maritime-empire-under-threat/

(* B H K P)

Jemen: "Schlimmste von Menschen erzeugte humanitäre Katastrophe seit Jahrzehnten"

Trotz Waffenstillstand wird gekämpft – und gehungert, auch weil durch den Ukraine-Krieg die Preise für Hilfsgüter gestiegen und die Geberbereitschaft gesunken ist

Lange schon nicht mehr waren die Vereinten Nationen so optimistisch, wenn es um den Jemen ging: Vom "Licht am Ende des Tunnels", spricht die Pressestelle der Uno in New York und die international anerkannte Regierung des Jemen erklärte, der "Bürgerkrieg ist vorbei".

Doch die Realität sieht anders aus: Trotz eines Waffenstillstandes wird in einigen Regionen im Norden des Landes weiter gekämpft, mit Waffen, die ihren Weg aus den USA, aus Russland und den Staaten der Europäischen Union über Saudi-Arabien, die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate (VAE) und dem Iran in dieses zwischen Saudi-Arabien, dem Oman und dem Ozean eingepferchte Land gefunden haben.

Und noch um einiges zerstörerischer sind Hunger und Krankheiten, die einen Großteil der Bevölkerung im Griff haben. Weil die saudische Regierung Jahre lang streng kontrollierte, wohin welche Hilfslieferungen gehen, eine See-, Luft- und Landblockade des Nordens machte es möglich. Aber in letzter Zeit auch, weil durch den Ukraine-Krieg die Preise extrem gestiegen sind – und die Hilfsbereitschaft der westlichen Staaten erheblich gesunken ist.

4,3 Milliarden US-Dollar benötigen das Welternährungsprogramm und andere Organisationen in diesem Jahr, um 17,3 von 23,4 Millionen hungernden Menschen im Land zu helfen. Der Jemen hat ingesamt um die 30 Millionen Einwohner. 1,3 Milliarden US-Dollar wurden auf einer Geberkonferenz im März zugesagt; insgesamt kann nun auf 1,6 Milliarden US-Dollar zugegriffen werden.

4,1 Millionen Menschen sind auf der Flucht; 375.000 Menschen oder 1,25 Prozent der Bevölkerung sind seit 2015 durch Kampfhandlungen, aber viel öfter durch Hunger oder Krankheiten getötet worden. Beim Uno-Büro für die Koordinierung von humanitären Angelegenheiten (OCHA) spricht man deshalb von der "schlimmsten von Menschen erzeugten humanitären Katastrophe seit vielen Jahrzehnten."

Woher kommt also der Optimismus?

In den ersten vier Monaten des Jahres sind nach Angaben der Vereinten Nationen mehrere Tausend durch Krieg und Hunger getötet worden, wobei man im Jemen niemals eine auch nur annähernd abschließende Zahl nennen kann. Zwei von drei medizinischen Einrichtungen sind außer Betrieb; die meisten Toten dürften gar nicht gezählt werden.

Überhaupt die Vereinten Nationen: Die Meldungen aus New York über Waffenstillstand und Kindersoldaten können täuschen. Trotz des gigantischen Ausmaßes dieses Kriegs ist der diplomatische Aufwand der Uno eher überschaubar.

Die Team-Mitglieder, die dem Sondergesandten für den Jemen zur Verfügung stehen, rangieren im sehr niedrigen zweistelligen Bereich; mittlerweile versucht sich mit dem Schweden Hans Grundberg der dritte Diplomat in dieser Rolle. Hinzu kommt ein Expertengremium, dessen einzige Aufgabe es ist, regelmäßig dem Uno-Sicherheitsrat Bericht zur Lage im Jemen zu erstatten.

https://www.heise.de/tp/features/Jemen-Schlimmste-von-Menschen-erzeugte-humanitaere-Katastrophe-seit-Jahrzehnten-7073950.html

(* B P)

Grüße aus dem Jemen

Der brutalste Krieg und die schlimmste humanitäre Krise finden nicht in der Ukraine statt. Welche Nachrichten – gute wie schlechte – gerade untergehen.

Und mit jedem weiteren Tag in Kiew, Butscha, Irpin oder Tschernihiw wurde mir klarer, welche existenziellen Krisen in diesen vermeintlich fernen Regionen nun vollends von unserem medialen Radarschirm verdrängt werden.

Die größten humanitären Krisen der Welt spielen sich in diesen Monaten nicht in Osteuropa ab, sondern in Ländern wie dem Jemen oder Somalia.

Diese Aufzählung ließe sich fortsetzen – und damit tappe ich genau in die Falle, die mich am Krisenjournalismus so oft zweifeln lässt: die nach den Gesetzen des Marktes funktionierende Aufmerksamkeitsökonomie, der sich nicht nur meine Zunft, sondern auch Hilfsorganisationen unterwerfen. Schlagzeilen wie Spendengelder sind eine begrenzte Ressource, um die mit möglichst dramatischer Sprache und emotionalisierenden Bildern konkurriert wird.

https://www.zeit.de/politik/familie/2022-05/humanitaere-krisen-ukraine-krieg-berichterstattung-5vor8

cp2a Saudische Blockade / Saudi blockade

(A P)

YPC in Sanaa announces stability of supply situation

The Yemeni Petroleum Company (YPC) on Monday confirmed the stability of the supply situation for oil derivatives in the capital, Sanaa, and a number of provinces, denying the existence of a crisis.

https://en.ypagency.net/260318/

(* B H P)

UNVIM Situation Analysis - April 2022

Food and Fuel Discharged in April 2022

During the reporting month, there was a 33% increase in food discharged (412,330 t) compared to the 2021 monthly average (310,856 t) and a 40% increase compared to the monthly average since May 2016 (294,984 t).

During the reporting month, there was a 284% increase in fuel discharged (171,323 t) compared to the 2021 monthly average (44,589 t) and a 33% increase compared to the monthly average since May 2016 (129,138 t)

Food and Fuel Vessel Delays in April 2022

In April 2022, food vessels spent an average of 2.5 days in the CHA, 5.0 days in anchorage, and, 8.2 days at berth. This compares to an average of 2.2 days in the CHA, 3.1 days in anchorage, and 9.3 days at berth in April 2021.
Food vessels therefore spent 11.7% and 61% more time in the CHA and in anchorage and 11% less time at berth compared to April 2021.

In April 2022, 14 food vessels proceeded from the CHA to the anchorage area, 13 berthed, and 14 discharged their cargo and sailed

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/unvim-situation-analysis-april-2022

and

(B H P)

UNVIM Operational Snapshot - April 2022

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/unvim-operational-snapshot-april-2022

(A P)

Jemenitischer Benzintanker von Saudi-Arabien geführter Koalition nach Vertragsbruch beschlagnahmt

Die Jemen Petroleum Company (ZPC) teilte am Freitag in einem Bericht mit, dass die Koalition dem Tankschiff Prinzessin Chadidscha, das 29 226 Tonnen Dieselöl geladen hatte, an dem jemenitischen strategisch wichtigen Westhafen Hudaydah anzulegen und die Fracht auszuladen verboten hatte. Das berichtete PressTV.

Die Firma fügte hinzu, dass das Schiff beschlagnahmt worden war, obwohl es von den Behörden der UN inspeziert und für die Einfahrt in den Hafen freigegeben worden war.

https://iqna.ir/de/news/3006083/jemenitischer-benzintanker-von-saudi-arabien-gef%C3%BChrter-koalition-nach-vertragsbruch-beschlagnahmt

(A P)

Aggression coalition releases gas ship, seizes another

The Yemen Gas Company on Sunday announced that the US-Saudi-Emirati aggression coalition released a detained gas vessel and held another one.

The company's spokesman, Ali Ma'sar, said in a statement to Saba, that the aggression coalition released the gas ship "Eugenia Gas" that had been held during the month of Ramadan, carrying 8,259 metric tons of imported gas, which is expected to arrive at the port of Hodeida in the coming hours.

While the aggression coalition released the gas vessel Eugenia, it detained the gas vessel "Claudia Gas", which carried 8,249 metric tons of imported gas, he said.

The aggression coalition insists on piracy on gas ships, despite having United Nations clearance, in flagrant disregard of the terms of the declared UN armistice, Ma'sar added

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3186085.htm

and also https://en.ypagency.net/260241/ = https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2022/05/08/saudi-blockade-finally-releases-gas-ship-bound-for-yemen-one-vessel-still-detained/

(A P)

[Sanaa gov.] Health Spokesman: US-Saudi Aggression Deliberately Double Suffering of Yemeni People Amid UN's Silence

The spokesman for the Ministry of Health confirmed that the US-Saudi aggression is deliberately doubling the suffering of the Yemeni people amid UN’s silence.

In his statement to Almasirah, Dr. Anis Al-Asbahi said that the aggression’s repudiation of the implementation of the UN-sponsored truce is a crime that has humanitarian repercussions.

He pointed to the recent death of 12 patients who were registered to travel for treatment abroad, stressing that two flights per week, as stipulated in the truce agreement, are not enough to save patients' lives.

Dr. Al-Asbahi confirmed that 30,000 patients urgently need to travel abroad to receive treatment.

The health spokesman pointed out that the health sector needs to modernize medical equipment and needs some materials and supplies to be entered through Sana’a International airport.

https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25699/Health-Spokesman-US-Saudi-Aggression-Deliberately-Double-Suffering-of-Yemeni-People-Amid-UN-s-Silence

and alaso https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2022/05/08/twelve-more-yemeni-patients-dead-due-to-saudi-blockade-of-sanaa-airport/ = https://en.ypagency.net/260247/

(B E H P)

Disasters resulting from the worsening fuel crisis in Yemen

https://english.almayadeen.net/infograph/disasters-resulting-from-the-worsening-fuel-crisis-in-yemen

(* A P)

[Sanaa] Transport Ministry blames coalition for aggravation of humanitarian situation in Yemen

The Ministry of Transport on Saturday held the US-Saudi coalition and the United Nations responsible for the catastrophic repercussions of the humanitarian situation facing the Yemeni people in general, and the patients in particular, as a result of the failure to implement the humanitarian truce announced by the United Nations.

The Ministry of Transport confirmed in a statement that the coalition countries are deliberately killing the Yemeni people by disavowing the implementation of the terms of the armistice, which has entered its second month, without achieving any real results, in the full view of the United Nations.

The statement clarified that since the United Nations announced the armistice through its envoy to Yemen, Hans Grundberg, in early April, only two oil ships out of the 18 ships specified in the truce entered Hodeida port, as well as no commercial flights have been operated to and from Sanaa International Airport yet.

https://en.ypagency.net/260165/

(A P)

Aggression Coalition detains new diesel vessel: YPC

The Yemeni Petroleum Company (YPC) said on Saturday that the aggression coalition detained a new diesel vessel.

The official spokesman of the company Essam Al-Mutawakel told SABA that the aggression coalition had seized the oil vessel "Yuhud", which was loaded with 31,959 tons of diesel.

He pointed out that the aggression coalition has forcibly taken the vessel to the detention area off the coast of Jizan despite being cleared by the United Nations.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3185995.htm

(A H P)

Medical Committee: 12 Patients in Need to Travel Abroad Died After Failure of UN-sponsored Truce

The head of the Supreme Medical Committee revealed that 12 patients died within 30 days since the start of the UN-sponsored truce, while they were waiting for the alleged flights promised by the United Nations and the coalition of aggression.

In a press statement, Dr. Mutahar Al-Darwish expressed his regret for the aggression’s repudiation of the opening of Sana’a Airport in accordance with the two-month truce announced by the United Nations, despite the expiry of half the period, and Sana’a Airport is still closed to patients and humanitarian cases.

He considered the Saudi-led aggression's repudiation of the implementation of the truce regarding Sana’a International Airport, a heinous crime against humanity and life.

Dr. Al-Darwish pointed out the falsehood of the allegations of international organizations about humanity and aiding innocent civilians, by identifying them with the aggression's prevention of giving permission to Yemeni Airlines to land at Sana'a International Airport. This negatively affected the psyche of patients, especially after completing their travel procedures to Amman.

https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25665/Medical-Committee-12-Patients-in-Need-to-Travel-Abroad-Died-After-Failure-of-UN-sponsored

and also https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2022/05/06/several-yemeni-patients-died-due-to-saudi-refusal-to-finally-allow-flights-to-sanaa/

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3185969.htm

(A P)

YPC: In New Violation of UN-Sponsored Truce, US-Saudi Aggression Seizes Diesel Tanker

Yemen Petroleum Company announced that the US-Saudi aggression detained a new oil derivatives tanker carrying diesel, in a new violation of the UN-sponsored truce.

The company said that the aggression detained the diesel tanker "Princess Khadija", which is loaded with 29,226 tons of diesel, despite its inspection and obtaining entry permits from the United Nations.

The company stated that the United Nations was unable to bring in the “humanitarian tankers”, either before or during the announced truce.

https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25667/YPC-In-New-Violation-of-UN-Sponsored-Truce%2C-US-Saudi-Aggression-Seizes-Diesel-Tanker

and also https://www.farsnews.ir/en/news/14010217000716/Sadi-Led-Caliin-Seizes-Yemen-Bnd-Fel-Tanker-Despie-Trce

(A P)

CAMA: the aggression repudiation of implementation of international armistice caused death of number patients

A spokesman for the Civil Aviation and Metrology Authority Mazen Ghanem, on Thursday confirmed that the aggression countries' repudiation of the implementation of the armistice regarding Sana'a International Airport caused the death of a number of patients who were scheduled to travel on the first commercial flight from the airport to the Jordanian capital, Amman.

In a statement Saba Ghanem said, "The failure of the aggression countries to abide by the terms of the armistice announced by the United Nations at the beginning of last April, including the opening of Sana'a airport for commercial flights, caused a number of patients to be deprived of traveling to receive treatment abroad."

He stated that preventing the countries of the aggression from giving permission for Yemeni airlines to land at Sana'a International Airport negatively affected the psyche of patients, especially after completing their travel procedures to the Jordanian capital, Amman.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3185803.htm

(A P)

Yemeni Official: Saudi Coalition Not Serious About Carrying Out Ceasefire

The Director General of Sana'a International Airport, Khaled Al-Shayef, said the National Salvation Government has made great strides in order to alleviate the suffering of the Yemeni nation, but the Saudi-led coalition is not serious about observing the UN-brokered ceasefire.

Shayef told Yemen’s Arabic-language Al-Masirah television network that the operation of two flights per week from Sana’a airport will not help tens of thousands of Yemeni patients in need of life-saving treatment abroad, and the Riyadh-led alliance’s procrastination to allow more flights is threatening their lives.

He added that some 1,400 passengers were expected to arrive and as many could leave Yemen in case Sana’a airport operated commercial flights.

https://www.farsnews.ir/en/news/14010214000328/Yemeni-Official-Sadi-Caliin-N-Seris-Ab-Carrying-O-Ceasefire

and also https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25664/US-Saudi-Aggression-Kills-Patients-Seeking-Treatment-Abroad-Keeping-Blockade-on-Sana-a-Int.-Airport

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

(A H)

#Education leads to fulfiling personal successes and building resilient communities. The future of 1000 children is likely 2b brighter as the Alwadi school #Ibb is now repaired and 11 new classrooms + 6 latrines + 7 service facilities constructed (photo)

https://twitter.com/SFDYemen/status/1524086935094009858

(B H)

Yemen: Research Terms of Reference - Joint Rapid Assessment of Markets (JRAM) YEM1801b (March 2022, Version 1)

Markets are a principle means by which individuals derive income and acquire commodities, but like all socio-economic systems, they are vulnerable to disruption by crises, which can alter demand, supply, access and pricing. It follows that understanding local markets is essential to humanitarian response. In Yemen, humanitarian organisations work together under the umbrella of the Cash and Markets Working Group (CMWG) to understand markets and the accessibility of goods to the population via the marketplace. In addition, there are ongoing assessments in Yemen that collect price data (World Food Program’s Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping, Food Agriculture Organisation’s Market Information and Early Warning System, and REACH’s Joint Market Montioring Initative). These humanitarian efforts form an integral part of cash-based interventions, through price monitoring of key commodities and the Survival Minimum Expenditure Basket.

The humanitarian price monitoring systems demonstrate the differences between markets within districts, governorates or regions in terms of prices. Nevertheless, REACH identified that there is limited available data and analysis related to the functionality of market systems outside of price monitoring. There are limited tools available to quickly map a market’s ability to absorb a shock and continue to provide food security in response to a crisis. Besides, price monitoring assessments may be halted in an area due to increased conflict or a natural hazard.

At the same time, Yemen’s markets require such preparedness: individual markets in Yemen are uniquely impacted by their location within conflict lines, demand pressures and local regulations and constraints. As conflict lines shift, populations move and supply chains are disrupted, subjecting individual market systems to change.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-research-terms-reference-joint-rapid-assessment-markets-jram-yem1801b-march-2022

(B H)

A New Mother in Yemen’s Time of War

How I came into parenthood amid a brutal, deadly conflict and found serenity

https://newlinesmag.com/first-person/a-new-mother-in-yemens-time-of-war/

(* B H)

Yemen: Women at the Center of Water, Agriculture, and Family income

In the Yemeni village of Quhal, in Amran governorate in northern Yemen, the main source of water used to be the old rainwater ponds that filled during the summer. This water fed crops and animals and was used to clean homes and wash clothes, and provided drinking water. But it did not cover all the village’s needs and people had to resort to buying water from delivery trucks. In rural Yemen the task of fetching water falls largely on women and girls. It can involve covering long distances to collect water that’s often dirty and carrying small quantities that can’t meet farming needs.

Katebah Sayyad, a 60-year-old woman in Quhal, describes fetching water as “an exhausting task for people, especially women.” The cost of a delivery truck of water (then at about YR30,000 or US$120) was “an exorbitant amount that many people cannot afford.”

The World Bank’s Emergency Crisis Response Project has sought to address this situation by providing closer access to clean water, a life changer for rural populations of Quhal and other villages. Funded by the International Development Association and implemented by the United Nations Development Programme in partnership with the Social Fund for Development and the Public Works Project, the project has helped build reservoirs and water harvesting cisterns.

The dam and water tank subprojects have provided us with clean drinking water. The two subprojects have improved the level of public health and reduced cases of cholera and other waterborne diseases,” Katebah says.

https://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2022/05/10/yemen-women-at-the-center-of-water-agriculture-and-family-income

(B H)

Eine Stiftung Für Gesundheitsdienste Im Jemen Von IHH

IH Humanitarian Relief Foundation im Rahmen von Hilfsaktivitäten im Jemen, in der Zeltstadt Es unterstützt weiterhin das Gesundheitszentrum, das vor 4 Jahren gegründet wurde, um Gesundheitsdienste für die Menschen anzubieten, die ihr Leben führen. Im Zentrum; Untersuchung, medikamentöse Unterstützung, Notfall- und Erste-Hilfe-Ergänzung, Einstufung der Ergebnisse durch Anwendung medizinischer Tests, Anwendung und Nachsorge von Kinderimpfungen und Überweisung an die entsprechenden Krankenhäuser durch Durchführung des ersten Eingriffs in Fällen, in denen eine stationäre Behandlung erforderlich ist.

https://wikiforlive.com/2022/05/10/eine-stiftung-fuer-gesundheitsdienste-im-jemen-von-ihh/

(* B H)

Yemen Food Security Outlook, April 2022

High food prices persist despite local currency appreciation, limiting food access for the poor.

Despite seasonal improvements, access to food and income remain below average for most poor families, especially those with irregular income or only one main source of income.

Despite recent positive political and economic developments, including the formation of a new Presidential Leadership Council (PLC) and the announcement of significant financial aid packages from Gulf countries, the local currency has not yet stabilized and continues to fluctuate, especially in areas under IRG control. After a period of appreciation earlier in the month, the Yemeni Rial (YER) has been depreciating in late April, reaching 1,040 YER/USD in Aden and 561 YER/USD in Amanat Al Asimah (Sana’a city) by April 26. Overall, by April 26, the value of the YER remained around 17 percent and 5 percent higher in Aden and Amanat Al Asimah, respectively, compared to the same date in March 2022.

Fuel supply and prices have significantly improved in areas under SBA control, alleviating severe fuel shortages ongoing since late 2021. As a result of the recently agreed ceasefire, 18 fuel vessels have been granted permission to berth and discharge at the Red Sea ports of Al Hudaydah and As Salif. According to UNVIM, 52,526 MT of fuel had been discharged from April 13 to 19. As a result, the Sana’a-based Yemen Petroleum Company (YPC) reduced the official price of petrol by 21 percent from 16,000 YER/20L to 12,600 YER/20L as of April 12, and further 5 percent reduction was announced on April 23. Meanwhile, on April 18, the YPC-Aden lowered petrol prices in Aden from 19,800/20L to 18,600/20L. However, fuel prices nationwide remain subject to changes in the local currency rate and global fuel prices.

Though some households are likely experiencing temporarily improved food consumption and Stressed (IPC Phase 2) or Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Crisis! (IPC Phase 3!) outcomes are expected to remain widespread, with millions of poor families nationwide facing food consumption gaps or using negative livelihood coping strategies to meet their needs. Recent slight improvements are expected to be short-lived, as seasonal sources of food and income are exhausted and, in IRG areas, as purchasing power declines during the June to September projection period. Many poor households are likely to again face consumption gaps and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Crisis! (IPC Phase 3!) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes, particularly in lowland areas during the agricultural off-season.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-food-security-outlook-april-2022

(B H)

Yemen: Health Cluster Achievements (Mar 2022)

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-health-cluster-achievements-mar-2022

(B H)

From my visit to Yemen 2

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fko65Vg7tMw

(B H)

Film: Die humanitäre Krise im Jemen muss dringend angegangen werden, warnt UNO

https://parstoday.com/de/news/world-i68430-die_humanit%C3%A4re_krise_im_jemen_muss_dringend_angegangen_werden_warnt_uno

(B H)

Kinder Jemens in Not e.V.

Der Verein Kinder Jemens in Not e.V. widmet sich nach eigenen Angaben der finanziellen und materiellen Unterstützung von hilfsbedürftige Kindern und deren Familien im Jemen. Die Arbeitsschwerpunkte sind Hilfen für Straßenkinder, medizinische Versorgung von unterernährten Kindern sowie die Versorgung von Kindern in ländlichen Gebieten. Der Verein beteiligt sich an den Kosten von Schulmaterialien und verteilt Lebensmittelpakete an die Kinder und deren Familien.

https://www.dzi.de/organisation/kinder-jemens-in-not-e-v/

(B H)

Film: "Wir mussten im Jemen acht Millionen Menschen die Rationen halbieren" – @cmfrick über die dramatische Situation im Jemen und die Herausforderungen des Welternährungsprogramms.

https://twitter.com/ARD_BaB/status/1522189449576263683

(B H)

Dramatische Lage im Jemen: Alle zehn Minuten stirbt ein Kind (Fotos)

https://www.t-online.de/nachrichten/ausland/id_84926506/bilder/dramatische-lage-im-jemen-alle-zehn-minuten-stirbt-ein-kind.html

(* B H)

2022 UNFPA Humanitarian Response in Yemen

Yemen remains the site of one of the world’s largest humanitarian crises. A staggering 23.4 million people — 73 per cent of the population — require some form of humanitarian assistance in 2022, the result of seven years of escalating conflict.

Millions have been uprooted from their homes, the economy has collapsed and nearly the entire health system has cratered, allowing preventable diseases, such as cholera and COVID-19, to spread unchecked.

Women and girls are among the hardest hit. An estimated 77 per cent of the 4.3 million people displaced in Yemen are women and children. Approximately 26 per cent of displaced households are now headed by women (compared to 9 per cent before the escalation of the conflictin 2015), an indication of increased precarity because of the loss of male breadwinners, while discriminatory societal attitudes towards women’s economic engagement and movement remain unchanged.

Levels of maternal mortality are rising. One Yemeni woman dies every two hours during childbirth, from causes that are almost entirely preventable. An estimated 8.1 million women and girls of childbearing age require help accessing reproductive health services, including antenatal care, safe delivery services, postnatal care, family planning, and emergency obstetric and newborn care. Among them are 1.3 million women who will deliver in 2022, of whom 195,000 are projected to develop complications, requiring medical assistance to save their lives and that of their newborns.

Over 1 million pregnant and breastfeeding women are projected to experience acute malnutrition sometime in the course of 2022. They risk giving birth to newborns with severe stunted growth, and nursing malnourished infants, as a result of rising food insecurity. Only half of Yemen’s hospitals remain functional. Due to extreme shortages of essential medicines, supplies and specialized staff, only 1 in 5 of the functioning facilities is able to provide maternal and child health services.

Nineteen out of 22 governorates face severe shortages in available maternity beds – 6 beds per 10,000 people, half of the WHO standard. In addition, an estimated 42.4 per cent of Yemen’s population lives more than one hour away from the nearest fully or partially functional public hospital.

Women and girls also suffer disproportionately from gender-based violence, poverty and violations of basic rights.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/2022-unfpa-humanitarian-response-yemen

(B H)

Ukraine-Krieg stürzt mehr Menschen in Hungersnot

Der russische Angriffskrieg auf die Ukraine wirkt weit über die Grenzen Europas hinaus: Laut einem UN-Bericht verschärft der Konflikt in der "Kornkammer Europas" die Lage für viele arme Länder wie den Jemen. Immer mehr Menschen leiden Hunger - die Verfasser warnen vor einer düsteren Zukunft.

Der russische Krieg gegen die Ukraine gefährdet einem UN-Bericht zufolge die Ernährungssicherheit in vielen armen Ländern. Staaten wie Afghanistan, Äthiopien, Haiti, Somalia, Südsudan, Syrien und Jemen seien besonders betroffen, geht aus dem heute veröffentlichten Bericht des von den Vereinten Nationen und der EU gegründeten Global Network Against Food Crises hervor.

https://www.n-tv.de/panorama/Ukraine-Krieg-stuerzt-mehr-Menschen-in-Hungersnot-article23309725.html

(B H)

Hilfsorganisation beklagt Mittel-Rückgang für bedürftige Länder

Der Präsident der internationalen Hilfsorganisation International Rescue Committee (IRC), David Miliband, fordert, neben der Ukraine nicht andere Krisenregionen zu vergessen. Es werde aufgrund des Ukraine-Kriegs schwieriger für seine Organisation, "die Aufmerksamkeit der Welt auch auf andere humanitäre Krisen in der Welt zu lenken", sagte er den ARD-Tagesthemen.

Davon seien insgesamt 300 Millionen Menschen in den Ländern betroffen, in denen das IRC weltweit tätig sei. Man sei zwar fest entschlossen, auch die Hilfe etwa in Syrien, dem Jemen oder in Afghanistan aufrechtzuerhalten. Dies sei aber "sehr schwierig, da die Mittel uns teilweise knapp werden - weil so viele Mittel in die Ukraine fließen", so der frühere britische Außenminister.

https://publikum.net/hilfsorganisation-beklagt-mittel-ruckgang-fur-bedurftige-lander/

(* B H P)

Why the Conflict in Ukraine Is a Disaster for the Poor of This Planet

War is hell—even for those far from the battlefield.

The place suffering the most from skyrocketing food prices may be Yemen, a country that has been mired in civil war for years and faced chronic food shortages and famine well before Russia invaded Ukraine. Thirty percent of Yemen's imported wheat comes from Ukraine and, thanks to the reduction in supply created by the war, the price per kilogram has already risen nearly five-fold in its south. The World Food Program (WFP) has been spending an extra $10 million a month for its operations there, since nearly 200,000 people could face "famine-like conditions" and 7.1 million in total will experience "emergency levels of hunger." The problem isn't confined to countries like Yemen, though.

https://www.commondreams.org/views/2022/05/03/why-conflict-ukraine-disaster-poor-planet

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

(B H)

CCCM Cluster Yemen - Situation Report (CCCM March 2022)

Since the beginning of the conflict, an estimated 1.6 million people have been displaced to 2,340 IDP sites This month, reports of airstrikes in Abs district in Hajjah targeted a residential area in Matwalah sub-district and Al Suqaf village where some IDPs were injured.

Furthermore, recent escalations in the western districts of Taiz has displaced 35 families to Maqbanah District.

Service provision

The area coordinator in Amran reported 130 families in need for national IDs to facilitate their access to assistance.

In nine IDP sites in Aden, ACTED CCCM team distributed 500 emergency shelter kits from the IOM shelter stock.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/cccm-cluster-yemen-situation-report-cccm-march-2022

(B H)

CCCM Yemen Guidance Document: IDP Hosting Sites Typology

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/cccm-yemen-guidance-document-idp-hosting-sites-typology

(B H)

UNICEF provides humanitarian aid to thousands of displaced Yemenis

Assistance provided to 66,000 displaced Yemenis over past 6 months

The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) on Sunday said it has distributed humanitarian assistance to nearly 66,000 displaced Yemenis in the past six months.

In a statement, UNICEF said the assistance included "food, family basic hygiene kits and female dignity kits."

The humanitarian aid was part of UNICEF’s Rapid Response Mechanism program which aims "to reach the hardest-hit parts of Yemen," the UN agency added.

https://www.aa.com.tr/en/middle-east/unicef-provides-humanitarian-aid-to-thousands-of-displaced-yemenis/2582086

(* B H)

Yemen Socio-Economic Update, Issue 68 - January 2022

In This Edition

l General Framework of Internal Displacement

ll The Reality of Internal Displacements in Yemen

lll The Humanitarian and Social Conditions of IDPs

lV The Economic Conditions of IDPs

V International Response and Support to IDPs in Yemen

Vl Major Challenges and Solutions

Introduction

In many countries, including Yemen, displacement crises are currently triggered by multiple; yet interrelated factors, including wars, conflicts, climate changes, as well as political unrest. Displacement in Yemen is not only a consequence of the conditions unfolded in the country since 2014 and the subsequent conflict and war. Displacement as a humanitarian crisis hasn’t appeared only during this period, but it dates back before this date as a result of the political instability that Yemen has experienced over the past decades, in addition to natural disasters, including floods and torrential rains, which forced a significant portion of the population to displace involuntarily. A lot of internally displaced persons (IDPs), already displaced, found themselves forced to displace, as torrential rains swept away their shelters, thereby exacerbating their vulnerabilities, including loss of livelihoods and limited access to assistance. With over 4.2 million internally displaced person in 2021; remains the fourth largest IDP crisis in the world. in Yemen so far, Therefore, it is imperative to explore the socio-economic situation for this segment as they face hardships accessing basic services, loss of income sources and the almost ultimate reliance on humanitarian assistance, let alone the difficulty integrating them into host communities to reach durable solutions and improve their economic situation.

IDPs suffer also from the displacement and forced deportation as a consequence of the ongoing war and conflict, which affects the stabilization of the civilian population and directly impacts women and children, including their right to education, health and well-being. Many areas of Yemen are witnessing huge displacement waves due to the war and conflict, and inability to protect civilians living close to the hot lines. On the other hand, there were some optional displacement waves fueled by the feeling of being unsafe and lack of security to safer places.

Thus, this issue of the YSEU Bulletin sheds light on the overall situation of IDPs and their movement during disasters and conflicts. It meanwhile explores their socioeconomic situation and the humanitarian support they receive, including challenges they face and solutions and/or procedures to address their crises.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-socio-economic-update-issue-68-january-2022-enar

(B H)

CCCM Cluster Yemen: IDP Hosting Sites Overview (March 2022)

https://reliefweb.int/map/yemen/cccm-cluster-yemen-idp-hosting-sites-overview-map-march-2022

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/cccm-cluster-yemen-ibb-hub-idp-hosting-sites-overview-march-2022

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/cccm-cluster-yemen-al-hudaydah-hub-idp-hosting-sites-overview-march-2022

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/cccm-cluster-yemen-marib-hub-idp-hosting-sites-overview-march-2022

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/cccm-cluster-yemen-sanaa-hub-idp-hosting-sites-overview-march-2022

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/cccm-cluster-yemen-aden-hub-idp-hosting-sites-overview-march-2022

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/cccm-cluster-yemen-sa-adah-hub-idp-hosting-sites-overview-march-2022

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

(A P)

A prisoner has died of torture in in Houthi jails in Sana'a, sources said (today). Taqi Ali Almuradi was arrested in a previous attack by the Houthi militia on Marib/Almashehad Alyemeni.

The Houthis acknowledge robbing passengers of 50 million rials in the militia's checkpoints along the country's highways during the month of Ramadan/Yeni Yemen

Houthis release female journalist Nadia Moqbel after 40 days of enforced disappearance/Sawt Alwatan

A Houthi judge in Sana'a orders the subjugation of kidnapped journalists to sectarian radicalization courses/Almanarah Net

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-55859

(A P)

A new tax imposed by Houthis on chicken, 300 Yer on each. Chicken prices hv sharply skyrocketed over the last few yrs. A live chicken costs btw 3000 to 5000 Yer now in Houthi-held areas & 5000 to 8000 Yer in the areas controlled by the govt. It was 700 Yer before the war. Who cares?

https://twitter.com/Alsakaniali/status/1523899674465292290

and also https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-55859

(A P)

Ansarullah Leader: Uprising of Yemenis aimed at restoring true independence, ending enemies dominance

The leader of Yemen’s Anasrullah resistance movement says the Yemeni nation is treading the path of true independence and liberation from the dominion of enemies, stressing that the popular uprising in the Arab country is aimed at achieving those goals.
“Despite the coalition of aggression’s attacks, educational institutions continue their activities in accordance with Islamic principles and values, thanks to the resilience and steadfastness” of the nation, Abdul-Malik al-Houthi said in a televised speech broadcast live from the Yemeni capital city of Sana’a on Monday while addressing a ceremony held to inaugurate Yemeni students' summer activities.
Al-Houthi highlighted that the Yemeni nation’s popular uprising is aimed at restoring true independence and ending enemies’ dominance, adding that the people are pursuing a conscious, rational and insightful approach to achieve such objectives.
“Islam is the religion of guidance and insight. It benefits the humankind to find truth and stay safe from misguidance. The Muslim Ummah has suffered a lot from misguidance, and many misconceptions have spread in it,” the Ansarullah chief also said.
Al-Houthi went on to note that enemies are making use of news media companies and print journalism to weaken and divide Muslim nations.
“The enemies use various media outlets and continue to mislead the Ummah,” the Ansarullah leader pointed out.
The Ansarullah leader stressed that enemies have their eyes on young Muslim generations, saying they are seeking to corrupt and destroy them through propaganda and misleading campaigns, so that the youths would not follow the righteous path and would fail to get to their feet as independent and powerful nations.

https://en.abna24.com/news//ansarullah-leader-uprising-of-yemenis-aimed-at-restoring-true-independence-ending-enemies-dominance_1256207.html = https://www.farsnews.ir/en/news/14010220000158/Hhi-Yemen%E2%80%99s-Uprising-Aimed-a-Resring-Tre-Independence-Liberain-frm

and also https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2022/05/09/sayyid-abdul-malik-al-houthi-opens-summer-course-season-in-yemen/

https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25733/Sayyed-Abdulmalik-Despite-US-Saudi-s-Attacks%2C-Educational-Institutions-Continue-Their-Activities%C2%A0

Film: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zIbYbRdO1O8

(A P)

Mercenaries' battalion commander in Hodeida returns home

The local authority in Hodeida province received commander of a battalion in the so-called "Giants Brigade" of the aggression mercenaries Lt. Col. Masoud al-Mahjami, returning to the ranks of the homeland.

Hodeida governor Mohammed Qahim, praised Al-Mahjami's return to the homeland, after the plans of the aggression countries were revealed to him to target Yemeni children and women

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3186231.htm

and also https://en.ypagency.net/260334/

https://debriefer.net/en/news-29523.html

(A P)

As summer refreshment courses begin, Houthis issue strict orders to headmasters and teachers in Amran province to intensify radicalization courses and conscript the schoolchildren to the warfronts/Almashehad Alyemeni.

The Houthi militia launched (in Sana'a on Saturday)

summer camps for the radicalization of children in preparation to deploy them to the war fronts./Khabar News Agency

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-55835

(A P)

An elderly man and owner of a mosque (by the name Hizam Al-Qushayri) was found dead in Qaflat Adher district in Amran on Ramadan 30, two days after the Houthi militia reluctantly freed him from jail under tribal pressures. Al-Qushayri's body was found dumped in an old aquifer, it has been confirmed./Alsahel Algharbi and other websites.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-55835

(A P)

A senior Houthi figure was found killed in ambiguous circumstances in one of the neighborhoods in Sana'a. Ahmed Saleh Al-Hadhoori, 25, has been found slaughtered in Al-Rowdha neighborhood in Bani Al-Harith district. The Houthi militia are keeping the lid on the murder/Al-Ettihad Net website, Anbaa Yemenia news page on facebook and other sources. All indications show this is the latest in a continuous episode of infighting within the beastly cruel Shiit militia.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-55835

(A P)

Yemen’s Houthis celebrate terror attack in Israel

"What the Zionist enemy must know is that peace and security will not occur as long as Palestine is occupied, and that compromise agreements lead to nothing but defeat and despair."

https://www.jpost.com/middle-east/iran-news/article-706063

(A P)

A founder of the Houthi movement, Saleh Habrah, attacks his own group arguing they won't quit the war even if it lasts a hundred years since the warmongers within the group profiteer from it./Multiple websites

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-55824

(A P)

Houthi high way robbers have executed a young man while he was returning home from an Eid Al-Fitr visit to his relatives in Dhamar, south of Sana'a/Newsline

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-55824

(A P)

India promises action to save Kerala nurse from execution in Yemen

A court in Yemen's rebel-held capital sentenced Nimisha Priya to death over the killing of her Yemeni business partner in 2017

India's government is exploring all options to prevent the execution of a nurse on death row in Sanaa, Yemen's rebel-held capital, for the killing of her Yemeni business partner in 2017, Foreign Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar said.

Nimisha Priya, 33, a trained nurse from Palakkad district in Kerala state, was tried in Sanaa and convicted in 2020 of murdering and dismembering Talal Abdu Mahadi.

https://www.thenationalnews.com/world/asia/2022/05/06/india-promises-action-to-save-kerala-nurse-from-execution-in-yemen/

and also http://en.adenpress.news/news/35005

(A P)

Houthi militia have been closing Fun City, a major private amusement park in Sana'a, to force its owners to relinquish it for the militia/Yemen TV

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-55807

(A P)

Houthis force a sectarian form of prayer call (Adhan) in Ibb/Yeni Yemen

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-55807

(A P)

Houthis reveal their intent to create a cooking gas crisis for the people of Sana'a, alleging that the Arab coalition is detaining a vessel laden with 8 thousand tons of it./Voice of Yemen

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-55807

(A P)

Yemen journalism union urges release of journalists in Houthi prisons

Houthi rebels have detained scores of journalists since the onset of the war in Yemen, which ranks among the lowest countries worldwide for press freedom.

Yemen’s Journalism Syndicate on Tuesday appealed for the release of journalists held by Houthi rebels in the wake of World Press Freedom Day marked on 3 May.

In a statement published by local media, the syndicate said that nine journalists are currently detained in Houthi-controlled areas, and expressed anger over the arrest of journalists Abdel-Khaleq Omran, Tawfiq Al-Mansoori, Akram Al-Waleedy and Harith Hamid, who have been held since 2015 and issued with a death sentence in April 2020.

It also condemned the Houthis’ refusal to comply with local and international demands for their release.

The union also called for the end of hostile working environments for journalists, particularly those who work in Houthi-controlled areas

https://english.alaraby.co.uk/news/yemen-union-calls-release-houthi-detained-journalists

(A P)

UNESCO & UN Human Rights Office Joint Statement (04 May 2022) [EN/AR]

As families across Yemen gathered to mark Eid al-Fitr this year, UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay and UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet urged the immediate release of two of their staff members who have been detained since early November last year in Sana'a.

Despite repeated assurances, as early as last November, by the Ansar Allah movement (also called the Houthis) that the two staff members would be immediately released, their whereabouts remain unknown, and UNESCO and the UN Human Rights Office are deeply concerned about their well-being.

https://www.ohchr.org/en/statements-and-speeches/2022/05/unesco-and-un-human-rights-office-joint-statement

(A P)

2 Films: Last month, on April 25, a Houthi gunman named Eyad al-Maharibi got off a motorcycle and shot dead Mohammed al-Mahajri, a minor who was shutting up their shops in Mawyah area of #Taiz governorate. Moh was on his way to break his fast with his family that moment.

A source close to Moh. told me the murderer al-Maharibi is affiliated with Houthi leader & head of Mawyah Quarter, Esam al-Sufyani,aka Abu Badr, adding this isn't 1st time they attacked Moh. Months ago, he said, Abu Badr's men stormed & shut their shops by force as shown here.

https://twitter.com/Alsakaniali/status/1522437974255972352

cp6 Südjemen und Aden-Regierung / Southern Yemen and Aden government

Siehe / Look at cp1

(A T)

Abyan: 7-southern-giants-soldiers-injured-in-an-ambush-by-suspect-aqap-members

https://en-smanews.org/south-arabia/abyan-7-southern-giants-soldiers-injured-in-an-ambush-by-suspect-aqap-members/

(A T)

An-suspected-aqaps-attack-on-southern-forces-in-dhale-left-casualties

https://en-smanews.org/south-arabia/an-suspected-aqaps-attack-on-southern-forces-in-dhale-left-casualties/

(A T)

Activity of gangs of kidnapping women grows in Aden

https://en.ypagency.net/260379/

(A P)

Dhalea witnesses military tension between pro-coalition factions

Dhalea province, in southern Yemen, has witnessed military tension between the so-called “security belt” elements of the UAE-backed Southern Transitional Council (STC) and the Islah Party militia loyal to the Saudi-led coalition, local sources reported on Tuesday.

The sources explained that the Islah militia mobilized its fighters to the city of Moris and Qa’taba city, hours after the security belt gunmen took down pictures of “Salim Al-Masn,” leader of the so-called “Juban resistance” who was shot dead by the STC elements during the attack carried out by al-Qaeda members on the STC headquarters in “Hokla” area in Dhalea.

https://en.ypagency.net/260385/ = https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2022/05/10/clashes-between-separatists-and-muslim-brotherhood-hit-occupied-dhalea-province/

(* A P)

STC implements new campaign to deport people of northern provinces from Aden

The UAE-backed Southern Transitional Council (STC)’s militia on Tuesday carried out a new displacement campaign against the people of the northern provinces from the city of Aden, southern Yemen.

Media sources confirmed that armed groups affiliated with the STC arrested dozens of residents from the northern provinces at Al-Rabat checkpoint, located between the provinces of Lahj and Aden, while they were trying to return to their work to the city of Aden, after the Eid holiday.

The sources indicated that the STC militants took the detained northern people to a secret prison on the outskirts of the city of Aden.

Observers saw that the new displacement campaigns come as a challenge from the groups calling for secession to the decisions of “Rashad Al-Alimi”, Head of the Riyadh-backed Presidential Council, who began sending former regime officials to the city of Aden, in preparation for handing them over government positions at the expense of the STC leaders.

https://en.ypagency.net/260425/

(A K P)

The Security Department in Abyan province accuses a Houthi cell of standing behind the bomb attack that injured seven soldiers from the pro-government Giant Brigades in Almahfad area in the province on Saturday. The Department's statement said the cell included Al-Qaeda affiliates/ Almashehad Alyemeni website

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-55859

(A P)

An STC checkpoint intercepts a fuel shipment of 60 trailer tanks bound for Abyan/Almahrah Alghad

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-55859

(A P)

STC warns of popular revolution in southern provinces due to economic collapse

The Southern Transitional Council (STC), funded by the UAE, on Monday warned of the dangers of the new collapse of the Yemeni riyal in the southern provinces, blaming the Riyadh-allied Presidential Council for the deteriorating economic conditions.

The STC said in a statement that “the repercussions of the currency collapse would be dire”, in a clear indication of the escalation of popular turmoil.

https://en.ypagency.net/260330/ = https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2022/05/09/southern-yemeni-separatists-condemn-saudi-backed-puppet-government-for-collapse-of-currency-value/

(A)

Violent explosions rock Aden

https://en.ypagency.net/260216/

(A)

Darkness hits Aden province due to lack of diesel

The General Electricity Corporation in Aden province on Saturday said that the reason for the increase of power outage was due to running out of diesel which lead to the suspension of all government generating stations operating in the province.

https://en.ypagency.net/260213/

(A T)

Seven southern soldiers injured in attack in Abyan

Seven soldiers of the Southern Brigades of Al-Amalika (the Giants) injured on Saturday in a roadside bomb blast targeting their vehicles in al-Mahfed of Abyan governorate.
Local sources said that an explosive device planted on the side of the road by unknown persons, believed to be Al Qaeda affiliates, adding that the blast occurred during the passing of the Giants' military vehicle.

http://en.adenpress.news/news/35017

(* A T)

Yemen officials: 2 commanders killed in clash with militants

Clashes at a militia facility in southern Yemen following the arrest of a group of suspected al-Qaida militants has killed at least a dozen people, including two force commanders, officials said.

The officials said the fighting took place late Friday at the headquarters of the so-called Security Belt force in Dhale province. The Security Belt is a militia trained and funded by the United Arab Emirates and loyal to the secessionist Southern Transitional Council. The force is active in Yemen’s southern provinces.

The militia reported that Col. Waleed al-Dhami, deputy commander of the Security Belt, and Col. Mohamed al-Shoubagi, commander of the government’s counterterrorism unit in Dhale, were killed. It did not offer further details.

The security officials said the nearly hour-long firefight erupted when troops asked the militants to hand over their weapons. The militants refused and opened fire at the troops, according to the officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to brief reporters.

Eight militants and four security forces were killed in the fighting, including the two commanders, they said. There were a number of wounded troops who were taken to a hospital, the officials added.

https://apnews.com/article/middle-east-arrests-united-arab-emirates-yemen-terrorism-738272ea0278fdc46338a50bb1400188

and also http://en.adenpress.news/news/35013

https://en-smanews.org/south-arabia/two-security-leaders-gets-martyred-in-al-dhalea-after-clashes-with-al-qaeda-elements/

and

(A T)

STC mourns two of its military commanders killed in Dhalea

https://en.ypagency.net/260208/

and

(A T)

Third military commander loyal to STC dies in Dhalea

https://en.ypagency.net/260270/

(A K P)

Saudi forces come under armed attack on Yemeni island of Socotra

The Saudi forces on the occupied Yemeni island of Socotra were attacked by an armed attack on Friday.

Local sources on the island reported that gunmen on a car heavily opened fire at the soldiers from the “Saudi 808 Duty Forces that stationed near the Hobeik point on the outskirts of Hadibo, the capital of the island, suggesting that the gunmen belonged to the UAE-backed militia.

The sources indicated that clashes erupted between the attackers and the Saudi forces with various types of light weapons, while the armed men fled to an unknown destination, without mentioning any other details.

https://en.ypagency.net/260107/ = https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2022/05/06/saudi-occupation-forces-in-socotra-attacked-by-unknown-assailants/

(* B P)

Yemen: New presidential council aims to show it represents change

With a truce largely holding, the council has been able to present itself as working towards a diplomatic solution.

The new presidential council is clearly trying to show it is different from Hadi’s, and a truce announced a month ago, which has largely held despite some fighting, has allowed the council to present itself as a unifier of Yemen’s anti-Houthi factions, working towards a diplomatic solution.

Following more than seven years of warfare that have shattered the Yemeni state and left millions suffering from one of the world’s worst humanitarian disasters, some believe there are grounds for being cautiously optimistic about the war winding down.

The presidential council consists of members from northern and southern Yemen, an important balance considering the country’s regional divisions, and support for secession, even from within the council itself.

Some of its members are close to Saudi Arabia while others are backed by the United Arab Emirates (UAE), which helps explain why the new body has received support from both Gulf powerhouses.

Given the clashes between various groups which dogged the council in the recent past, a more inclusive composition of the body could be highly significant.

Experts say that if Hadi had continued in power, it would have made it difficult to unify anti-Houthi forces in the country.

Elisabeth Kendall, a leading Yemen expert and senior research fellow in Arabic and Islamic studies at Pembroke College at the University of Oxford, believes that the presidential council has more potential to succeed than past attempts, precisely because it has sidelined Hadi and removed some of those around him.

Other experts have made similar assessments.

“The new presidential council presents a long-overdue opportunity to reorganise the anti-Houthi camp, given the fact that all members of the council wield strong influence on the ground in contrast with the fragile authority of former President Hadi,” Abobakr Alfaqeeh, a freelance Yemeni journalist, told Al Jazeera.

Concerns about the council

But the presidential council faces major challenges that worry analysts.

By design, the council includes members from varying geographic, political, and tribal backgrounds.

While this is meant to unify the anti-Houthi camp, it also means that the council’s members have competing visions for Yemen that could make it difficult for them to remain united against the Houthis.

“Because these factions also have diverging interests, the council may not be enough glue to keep them together,” explained Alexandra Stark, a senior researcher at the New America think-tank.

Given that the STC is committed to southern independence, experts have questioned how much blood and sacrifice the Abu Dhabi-backed forces are willing to devote to “liberating” northern land from the Houthis.

Additionally, given the STC’s accusations that Islah was a “terrorist” organisation that sought to subjugate the south, problems between the groups represented by the various members of the council might not be easy to move past, raising doubts about the prospects for the body to successfully form an effective anti-Houthi front.

Regardless of these open questions, observers believe that ending Hadi’s presidency was necessary for moving Yemen forward in a positive direction, and that his leadership was a barrier to peace.

https://www.aljazeera.com/amp/news/2022/5/5/yemens-new-presidential-council-gets-started-on-the-right-foot

(A P)

Protests Condemning Water Cuts in Saudi Occupied Hadhramaut

Angry protesters blocked the main roads in the city of Mukalla, the capital of Hadhramaut governorate, Wednesday, to denounce the water cuts.

https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25634/Protests-Condemning-Water-Cuts-in-Saudi-Occupied-Hadhramaut

and also https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25634/Protests-Condemning-Water-Cuts-in-Saudi-Occupied-Hadhramaut

Fortsetzung / Sequel: cp7 – cp18

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-805b-yemen-war-mosaic-805b

Vorige / Previous:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-804-yemen-war-mosaic-804

Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 1-804 / Yemen War Mosaic 1-804:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose oder / or http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

Der saudische Luftkrieg im Bild / Saudi aerial war images:

(18 +, Nichts für Sensible!) / (18 +; Graphic!)

http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

http://yemenwarcrimes.blogspot.de/

http://www.yemenwar.info/

Liste aller Luftangriffe / and list of all air raids:

http://yemendataproject.org/data/

Untersuchung ausgewählter Luftangriffe durch Bellingcat / Bellingcat investigations of selected air raids:

https://yemen.bellingcat.com/

Untersuchungen von Angriffen, hunderte von Filmen / Investigations of attacks, hundreds of films:

https://yemeniarchive.org/en

Dieser Beitrag gibt die Meinung des Autors wieder, nicht notwendigerweise die der Redaktion des Freitag.
Geschrieben von

Dietrich Klose

Vielfältig interessiert am aktuellen Geschehen, zur Zeit besonders: Ukraine, Russland, Jemen, Rolle der USA, Neoliberalismus, Ausbeutung der 3. Welt
Schreiber 0 Leser 8
Dietrich Klose

Was ist Ihre Meinung?
Diskutieren Sie mit.

Kommentare einblenden