Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 806 - Yemen War Mosaic 806

Yemen Press Reader 806: 18. Mai 2022: Fotos aus dem Jemen: Ein Hoffnungsschimmer – Das Nationale Team für Öffentlichkeitsarbeit der Regierung von Sanaa – Jemen: Die wichtigsten wirtschaftlichen Anreize für den Frieden – Die Umwelt und Frieden und Versöhnung ...

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... „National Interest“ beschönigt die saudische Aggression im Jemen – Waffenexporte der spanischen Firma Airbus nach Saudi-Arabien und der Jemenkrieg – Black Shame: Erstürmung von Häusern durch die Houthi-Miliz und die damit verbundenen Verstöße – Erster kommerzieller Flug aus Sanaa – Der Waffenstillstand hält größtenteils – und mehr

May 18, 2022: Photos from Yemen: A glimmer of hope – The Sanaa government National Team For Foreign Outreach – Yemen: The key economic incentives of peace – Environmental pathways for peace and reconciliation in Yemen? – The „National Interest“ whitewashes Saudi aggression in Yemen – Arms exports by Spanish company Airbus to Saudi Arabia and the Yemen War –Black Shame: The Houthi militia’s storming of homes and the associated violations – First commercial flight from Sanaa – The truce mostly holds – and more

Schwerpunkte / Key aspects

Kursiv: Siehe Teil 2 / In Italics: Look in part 2: https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-806b-yemen-war-mosaic-806b

Klassifizierung / Classification

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Coronavirus und Seuchen / Most important: Coronavirus and epidemics

cp2 Allgemein / General

cp2a Allgemein: Saudische Blockade / General: Saudi blockade

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

cp6 Separatisten und Aden-Regierung im Südjemen / Separatists and Aden government in Southern Yemen

cp7 UNO und Friedensgespräche / UN and peace talks

cp8 Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

cp8a Jamal Khashoggi

cp9 USA

cp9a USA-Iran Krise: Spannungen am Golf / US-Iran crisis: Tensions at the Gulf

cp10 Großbritannien / Great Britain

cp11 Deutschland / Germany

cp12 Andere Länder / Other countries

cp13a Waffenhandel / Arms trade

cp13b Kulturerbe / Cultural heritage

cp13c Wirtschaft / Economy

cp14 Terrorismus / Terrorism

cp15 Propaganda

cp16 Saudische Luftangriffe / Saudi air raids

cp17 Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

cp18 Kampf um Hodeidah / Hodeidah battle

cp19 Sonstiges / Other

Klassifizierung / Classification

***

**

*

(Kein Stern / No star)

? = Keine Einschatzung / No rating

A = Aktuell / Current news

B = Hintergrund / Background

C = Chronik / Chronicle

D = Details

E = Wirtschaft / Economy

H = Humanitäre Fragen / Humanitarian questions

K = Krieg / War

P = Politik / Politics

pH = Pro-Houthi

pS = Pro-Saudi

T = Terrorismus / Terrorism

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

Ältere einführende Artikel u. Überblicke für alle, die mit den Ereignissen im Jemen noch nicht vertraut sind, hier:

Yemen War: Older introductory articles, overviews, for those who are still unfamiliar with the Yemen war here:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-einfuehrende-artikel-u-ueberblicke

(* B H P)

War in Yemen largely ignored, but suffering continues

The country, at the southern end of the Arabian peninsula, is “in shreds” after years of war, Kania said.

More than seven years of armed conflict in Yemen have caused tens of thousands of civilian casualties and displaced over 4 million people, according to the UN’s Humanitarian Needs Overview for Yemen.

“All the years of the conflict have caused immense destruction to the country, basically every aspect: economy, production, education, health services,” Caritas Poland’s Kania said. “The latest stats from Humanitarian Needs Overview for Yemen says that only 50% of health facilities are working.”

Kania said that prior to the ceasefire, communication was impossible between warring areas of south and north. “There is no way for any goods to cross the front line, for example, things for commercial use and drugs,” he said. “So announcing the ceasefire made those kinds of contacts possible. Also, because of the ceasefire, various agreements were made, for example, for the supplying of much needed fuel. Apart from the very high price of fuel, which was available in [the southern port city of] Aden, the north of the country has very big problems with fuel supply. So the ceasefire enabled different ships to enter the port city of Al-Hudayda with oil, which allowed hospitals to begin operating again.”

Health facilities, like everyone else, rely on gas-powered generators during the frequent and regular shutdowns of state electricity supplies, he explained.

That’s important because almost 65% of Yemenis – about 20 million people – need urgent access to health related services and health support, Kania said.

“From the perspective of humanitarian access, even where humanitarian organizations can get to hard to reach areas, for example, villages on the front lines, silencing the guns was really important,” he added.

https://aleteia.org/2022/05/11/war-in-yemen-largely-ignored-but-suffering-continues-for-many/

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

(** B H)

Photos from Yemen: A glimmer of hope in a devastating war

A truce in Yemen has allowed for some Yemenis to hope of a better future – and a chance to rebuild.

A two-month truce has brought some hope to Yemen. The United Nations-brokered deal between a Saudi-led coalition and the Yemeni government on one side, and the Iran-aligned Houthi rebels, is a significant step towards ending a conflict that has killed tens of thousands and pushed millions into hunger.

But behind the statistics, the politics, and the headlines, what is life really like for Yemeni people? With much of the attention on the Houthi-held north, many people living in the country’s government-held south talk of facing an “economic war”.

As a man from Sanaa who now spends most of his time in the south said, “they are bleeding in the north – here in the south we are bleeding softly”.

It remains to be seen whether the current UN-brokered truce will lead to lasting peace in Yemen.

But despite the ongoing uncertainty, life goes on.

https://www.aljazeera.com/gallery/2022/5/16/yemen-a-glimmer-of-hope-in-the-forgotten-war

(** B E H K P)

The National Team For Foreign Outreach - Yemen

A Sanaa goverment news site

Political Preface – monthly. Last: January 2022

Humanitarian situation – monthly. Last: January 2022

Economic situation – monthly. Last: January 2022

Crimes and violations – monthly. Last: January 2022

Story of the month:

January 2022: Nadia Al-Junaid… A Tragic Childhood and Unknown Future

The six-year-old girl, Nadia Al-Junaid, is the only survivor of Al-Junaid family, who was found alive under the rubble of her father’s house, which was targeted with several air raids by the warplanes of the Coalition of War on Yemen led by Saudi Arabia and the UAE this month. Her father, mother and all her brothers became lifeless and dismembered bodies under the rubble and ruins of the house, which was completely destroyed along with a number of neighboring buildings.

Nadia came out of the rubble of horrific destruction with dust covering her face and body, crying in terror from the intensity of the explosion caused by the bombings of the Saudi-led Coalition’s air raids. She came out looking for her mother, father and brothers, who were 15 family members, but she could not find even their pictures in the place. Rather, she saw their beautiful house leveled and turned into dust with stones piled up on top of each other. She did not know that her father, mother and brothers were under the rubble and debris.

As a little child, she was horrified and chocked by the loneliness of the place that surrounded their house, and she could not comprehend what was the reason, why their house has been targeted, and why this has happened to them.

Surely, Nadia will grow up and will live her own life burdened with injuries and disabilities due to the loss of her entire family. She will stand a witness to the merciless aggression, unjust war and abhorrent international silence.

December 2021: Winter Severity on IDPs

Mrs. F. N. was in tears when she talked about her story in winter season. She is a displaced woman from Hodeidah, not accustomed to the cold weather; and she and her family do not have any blankets or even winter clothes. As a result, they fell victim to winter coldness. Her young child had acute pneumonia and pharyngitis with swollen lymph nodes, and was urgently in need of medical treatment. However, she does not have money, and none of the benefactors or philanthropists approached her.

“Had we got enough money, we would have bought woolen clothes and blankets and other cold supplies,” she states sadly. Unfortunately, this is not possible, as there are hardly enough foodstuffs for basic survival.

She said, “We live exposed to the cold weather and we suffer a lot under the pressure of austerity in order to save money for buying medicines.”

https://ntfo.org.ye/?page_number_0

(** B E P)

ACAPS Thematic report - Yemen: The key economic incentives of peace, 17 May 2022

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

At the beginning of April 2022, the Internationally Recognized Government of Yemen (IRG), the de-facto authority (DFA) in the north of Yemen (also known as the Houthis), and the Saudiled coalition agreed to a two-month truce. While no political solution is likely to find universal approval among conflict actors, this report provides an overview of the economic incentives that can be used to generate consensus among warring parties and other stakeholders and the expected humanitarian gains.

A permanent halt to war hostilities, restored fuel imports through Al Hodeidah and access to Sana’a International Airport, the removal of inland custom duties, and a renewed coordination of economic and monetary policies could generate significant incentives for the parties to accept peace over conflict. These actions are expected to have a positive impact on a multitude of economic activities and consequently on the overall humanitarian situation. The production and export of hydrocarbons, including oil and gas, have suffered from significant setbacks since 2015. The activation of production blocks and the increase of exports could generate additional revenues that, while more limited than before, could be managed between several warring parties and stakeholders. Such a setup could help address the balance of payments and reduce the currently widening financing gap. The report also highlights the window of opportunity currently presented by the high price of liquefied natural gas (LNG) on the international market and the gap created by the desire of some LNG importers to explore alternatives to Russian gas. The economic benefits following the resumption of LNG production and export operations may produce positive impacts on the peace process upon the establishment of a mutually acceptable LNG revenue mechanism. These benefits would then serve as a significant confidence-building measure.

Private sector activity could also benefit from greater access to international financial markets and technical equipment. Reconstruction activities likely to take place after a peace agreement would boost employment, improving people’s access to livelihoods and increasing their ability to provide for their needs. The availability of solar- and fuel-powered water pumps in the market, further improvements in agricultural practices, and improved access to farmland could also increase local food production. The lifting of restrictions would reduce the costs sustained by farmers. At the same time, greater access to international financial markets could help restore confidence in Yemeni banks currently burdened by the de-risking measures of foreign banks. Finally, the dismantling of inland customs checkpoints would likely reduce the price of commodities for the population while generating new economic opportunities and eventually cancelling out the benefits linked to the wartime economy.

There are undoubtedly huge challenges that would need to be overcome in searching for sustained peace and unlocking some of its major economic benefits as outlined in this report. For example, the possibility of potential spoilers undermining peace prospects would remain. These challenges are, however, beyond the scope of this paper. Instead, this report focuses on the positive implications of peace through an economic lens. It highlights a number of points that could incentivise the main warring parties to view peace as a credible, viable, and even attractive option.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/acaps-thematic-report-yemen-key-economic-incentives-peace-17-may-2022

Report in full: https://www.acaps.org/sites/acaps/files/products/files/20220517_acaps_yemen_analysis_hub_key_economic_incentives_of_peace_0.pdf

(** B P)

Environmental pathways for peace and reconciliation in Yemen?

Addressing environmental issues, including climate change, must be part of efforts to achieve peace.

This raises the questions of how we make room for environmental considerations when negotiating peace in such a complex and urgent context, and how this can be done in a way that listens to and acts on the voices of Yemenis. This blog post explores these questions, taking stock of a range of environmental peacebuilding efforts and areas of expertise. It delves into how we can use grassroots, sustainable and above all Yemeni-led action to help mitigate what has manifested itself as a major human security crisis: the catastrophic consequences of rapid environmental degradation and climatic change in a country plagued by violent conflict.

While the conflict continues, Yemen’s natural environment is collapsing under the combined pressure of climate stress, the impacts of conflict and natural resource mismanagement; a fact that is increasingly confirmed by data and studies. The country has seen heavy rains and storms, a water crisis, degradation of agricultural and pasture lands, loss of tree cover, damage to the marine environment, as well as air, oil and other chemical pollution. According to the Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative (ND-GAIN) Index, of the 20 countries most vulnerable to climate change, 12 were marred by ongoing conflicts. Yemen ranks number 172 out of 182 for climate vulnerability. For Yemen, the conflict has meant that the country has neither capacity nor financial resources to dedicate to address the damage done to its environment and thereby the suffering of its inhabitants. As ND-GAIN concludes, there is a ‘great need for investment and innovations to improve readiness and a great urgency for action’.

Between October 2020 and October 2021, the European Institute of Peace conducted large-scale consultations among nearly 16 000 Yemenis in nine governorates, constituting the largest effort in recent history, despite the ongoing conflict, to survey members of Yemeni society about their needs, perspectives and rights in the search for lasting peace. The consultation period coincided with particularly severe torrential rain and flooding, which undoubtedly contributed to one striking finding: the majority of respondents ranked environmental concerns (such as living conditions and natural resources) as an urgent priority. Some even ranked it above ‘ending the war’.

This underlines the strong need to deal with environmental issues, including those caused by climate change, in the context of peace efforts, and not as an ‘afterthought’ or side issue. At the same time, a deeper, more concrete understanding is required of how these issues impact local communities and of what communities can do to address them.

The challenges presented by environmental degradation and the changing climate need to be addressed in the context of the search for peace, not least because they may serve as entry points and platforms for collaboration, reconciliation, and peacebuilding. Addressing climate hazards, food insecurity and poor access to clean water is first and foremost a question of immediate human security. But it is also a question of thinking about the future.

Peace agreements are difficult to conclude, and harder still to keep and build sustainably. Lasting peace depends on processes to resolve conflict that meaningfully engage with all levels of society, and it ultimately requires a critical mass of society to accept the settlement. To do so, people must believe that the settlement offers something better than what has gone before and that it is in their interests to stick with it and withhold their support from potential spoilers. The more the peace settlement seriously considers the views of wider society, the greater the odds that such legitimacy will be conferred, and support obtained.

Climate change and the low-carbon transition are topics that will shape the future – by Amy Dallas and Julie Raasteen

https://www.sipri.org/commentary/blog/2022/environmental-pathways-peace-and-reconciliation-yemen = https://www.eurasiareview.com/12052022-yemen-environmental-pathways-for-peace-and-reconciliation-oped/

(** B K P)

The National Interest Whitewashes Saudi Aggression in Yemen

The National Interest has published a shameless apology for Saudi Arabia’s genocidal war in Yemen, “The Saudi War of Necessity in Yemen” by Ahmed al-Maimouni.

With his second sentence, Al-Maimouni, a retired Saudi major general, forfeits his right to be taken seriously: “It is imperative for Saudi Arabia to preserve peace in Yemen….” What peace? Yemen has been at war since 2015 and the reason is the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. In 2015, an Arab coalition led by Saudi Arabia attacked Yemen without provocation. Since then, 150,000 Yemenis have died, most of them at the hands of the Saudi coalition.

General al-Maimouni serves up another whopper in his very next sentence: “It is a war of necessity, not a war of choice for the Saudis.”

Really? Time magazine defines a war of necessity as “a life-or-death struggle in which the safety and security of the homeland are at stake.” What’s meant is an existential threat. Does Yemen, the poorest country in the Arab world, threaten Saudi Arabia’s existence? The question answers itself.

Beware of any nation which claims to be fighting a “war of necessity” without first being attacked. The George W. Bush Administration claimed that its 2003 invasion of Iraq was a war of necessity to protect Americans from Saddam Hussein’s dread weapons of mass destruction.

Saudi Arabia was not responding to a Houthi attack when it dropped its first bombs on Yemen in 2015. The mindset of Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman, the kingdom’s de facto ruler, can be summed up this way: Oooh! Oooh! I feel threatened. One day, Iran may turn Yemen into a satellite state! (When? Don’t know. Someday.) And then, Iran will invade Saudi Arabia from Yemen and block the Bab el-Mandeb Strait, through which much of the world’s oil passes.

That’s not a war of necessity; that’s preventive war, which is prohibited under international law. Preventive war is a polite name for aggression.

The Biden Administration hypocritically condemns Putin’s aggression in Ukraine while the US actively abets Bin Salman’s aggression in Yemen.

US media almost invariably refer to the “Iran-backed” Houthi rebels. I have yet to see a reference to the “US-backed Saudi coalition.” That’s a significant omission. Like other apologists for Saudi Arabia, al-Maimouni exaggerates Iran’s support for the Houthis. He does not mention that the Saudis receive much more support from the US than the Houthis receive from Iran—about ten times more in monetary terms. Support for the Houthis is a relatively low-cost way for Iran to bedevil its Saudi rival – by Charles Pierson

https://www.counterpunch.org/2022/05/11/the-national-interest-whitewashes-saudi-aggression-in-yemen/

(** B K P)

New report reveals: Arms exports by Spanish company Airbus to Saudi Arabia and UAE may have contributed to war crimes in Yemen

The report "Spanish Arms Exports and Alleged War Crimes in Yemen" by Amnesty International, Centre Delàs for Peace Studies and the European Center for Constitutional and Human Rights (ECCHR) reveals new evidence regarding arms exports by the Spanish company Airbus Defence and Space S.A. to Saudi Arabia (SA) and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), as well as their use in alleged war crimes in Yemen committed between the start of the conflict in 2015 and June 2021. It documents arms exports to both countries, while highlighting Spain’s role in the production, export and maintenance of the combat aircraft Eurofighter Typhoon, as well as the aerial refueling tanker plane A330 MRTT.

Based on the report’s findings, official UN and civil society reports indicate that war crimes were committed by SA and the UAE in Yemen. Both Spanish government officials and the decision-making staff of Airbus Defence may have aided and abetted alleged war crimes. According to information from the Yemen Data Project (a non-profit organization that collects data on the war in Yemen), there have been over 25,000 airstrikes since the beginning of the air campaign, of which 8,121 were against military targets and more than 7,055 against non-military targets. In 9,878 cases it cannot be confirmed whether a military target was the object of the attack. "Spanish military equipment is essential for both aircraft and a number of other military goods used by the Saudi/Emirati-led Coalition that has committed atrocities in Yemen. This raises serious questions as to the potential complicity of the Spanish government in the commission of international crimes in Yemen," says Alberto Estévez, Amnesty International spokesperson.

“Airbus is benefiting from the continuous stream of arms licenses granted by the Spanish government for the Coalition, and it needs to be held accountable. Corporations are responsible under international standards to avoid causing or contributing to adverse human rights impacts that are directly linked to their operations,” explained Jordi Calvo Rufanges, Centre Delàs for Peace Studies spokesperson. Under Article 6 of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), ratified by Spain in 2014, states are prohibited from authorizing any transfer of conventional arms, related ammunition, parts or components when they have knowledge that said arms could be used in war crimes or other human rights violations. Both Spanish and European Union law have similar provisions prohibiting such arms transfers.

"Military goods of European origin constitute a substantial part of the overall equipment available to Saudi Arabia and UAE air forces. It is time for both corporate and government actors to review their actions against the standards of international criminal law and for the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court to investigate their role in the atrocities committed in Yemen," says Christian Schliemann-Radbruch, Co-Director of Business and Human Rights at ECCHR.

https://www.ecchr.eu/en/press-release/new-report-reveals-arms-exports-by-spanish-company-airbus/

Full report: https://www.ecchr.eu/fileadmin/user_upload/Spanish_Arms_Exports_and_Alleged_War_Crimes_in_Yemen.pdf

and a shorter media report: https://english.alaraby.co.uk/news/airbus-spain-sales-may-have-had-role-yemen-war-crimes

My remark: More in cp13a.

(** B P)

Black shame

A human rights record documents the Houthi militia’s storming of homes and the associated violations against the residents during the period from July 2014 to December 2020

Facts and Figures:

The figures and statistics documented by Rasd Coalition, indicate that the Houthi militia, raided (12,038) houses during the period from July 2014 to the end of December 2020, distributed over (19) Yemeni governorates.

Hodiedah governorate topped the list of Yemeni governorates most exposed to Houthi raids on civilians’ homes with (1530) raids, followed by Sana’a governorate with (1493) raids, then Sana’a, the capital with (1240) raids, then Ibb governorate with (1092) raids.

While Taiz governorate ranked fifth with (1021) Houthi raids on civilians' homes, followed by Al-Bayda governorate with (961) raids, then Amran governorate with a total (913) raids, followed by Dhamar governorate with (872) raids, Addalie governorate with (691) raids, and then Hajjah governorate, with (684) raids. Sa’da governorate ranked eleventh with (364) raids, followed by Al-Mahwet governorate with (261) raids, then Lahj governorate with (252) raids, Shabwa governorate with (222) raids, followed by Al-Jouf governorate with (155) raids and Marib governorate with (117) raid on the Houthi terrorist militia.

The rest of the documented raids were distributed in the interim capital, Aden, with (92) during the first half of the year 2015, followed by Raimah governorate with (53) raids, and Abyan governorate with (25) raids carried out by the Houthi militia during its invasion of the governorates Southern.

According to figures and statistics, the Houthi raids on civilians’ homes resulted in the bombing of (853) houses, causing total and partial damage to (462) houses, and seizure of (243) houses, in addition to (1592) other houses were looted and tampered with their furniture and contents, and the displacement of (1143) families after seizing and bombing of their homes or their complete destruction, in addition to a number of casualties, including death and wounding, which will be addressed in detail in the executive summary of this report.

Beginning of Executive Summary

Rasd Coalition team has documented the killing and wounding of (1304) civilians by Houthis militia during its raid on civilians’ homes in (17) Yemeni governorates during the period from July 2014 to late December 2020, including (148) children and (194) women and (125) elderly people, the majority of whom are heads and housewives, who rejected militias’ attempts to break into their homes in order to loot and blow them up or seize and turn them into military barracks or to prevent the militias from abducting some of their relatives, or out of revenge for their stances against the Houthis militia.

Documented figures and statistics indicate that (566) civilians, including (51) children, (64) women and (69) elderly people were killed and (740) others, including (97) children, (130) women and (56) elderly, were injured as a result of the repeated Houthi raids to civilians’ homes, violating their sanctity, and assaulting the lives, safety and security of their residents, including women, children and the elderly.

Houthi raids accompanied with firing live bullets from Kalashnikovs, light and medium machine guns, throwing hand grenades, some explosive materials and RBG shells, as well as beating with hands, batons, rifle butts, and stabbing with (the Yemeni dagger).

Statistics indicate that (521) civilians, including (41) children, (53) women and (67) elderly people were killed as a result of the intense firing of live bullets by the Houthi militia when they raided the homes, while (21) others were killed, including a child and (4) women by fragments of RBG shells and explosive materials.

Rasd Coalition team verified and documented the killing of (15) other civilians, including (4) children, (6) women and an elderly man, as a result of beatings that led to death and stabbing with sharp objects, including knives, in addition to two cases of miscarriage of two fetuses in Al-Mahwet and Taiz governorates, as well as the killing of (3) children and an 18-year-old girl in the latter using inflammable materials.

A number of (484) civilians, including (77) children, (57) women and (40) elderly men, were injured due to the excessive use of Kalashnikov, light and medium machine guns and explosive materials by the Houthi militia during its raid on homes in the reported governorates, as well as injuring (256) Others, including (20) children, (73) women and (16) elderly people, as a result of beatings with hands, rifle butts and batons, and stabbing with the Yemeni dagger.

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1yS0xmbFm9OUgUnZrS73qtKs6836bTPeE/view

If this link does not work: https://twitter.com/ycmhrv/status/1524762326053933059

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Coronavirus und Seuchen / Most important: Coronavirus and epidemics

(* B H)

UNICEF Yemen Humanitarian Situation Report: 1 - 28 February 2022

UNICEF and partners implemented the first round of the polio vaccination campaign in 12 southern governorates from 19 to 24 February, reaching a total of 2,456,114 children under the age of ten, with 90 per cent receiving the trivalent oral polio vaccine (tOPV).

A total number of 35 cases of circulating Vaccine Derived Polio Viruses Type 1 (cVDPV1) were reported in Yemen between June 2018 and December 2021. In 2022, no cases have been reported yet. As of 5 March 2022, 11,774 cases of COVID-19 were officially confirmed since the beginning of the pandemic, with 2,135 associated deaths (18.1 per cent case fatality rate). Almost all the cases were reported in Hadramout, Aden, Abyan, Lahj, Al Dhalea, Shabwah, Al Maharah, Taiz, Socotra and Marib governorates. No cases have been reported from the northern governorates. The COVID-19 vaccination campaign continued in the southern governorates. As of 28 February, a total of 397,352 people in the south were fully vaccinated against COVID-19, while 241,516 people were partially vaccinated.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/unicef-yemen-humanitarian-situation-report-1-28-february-2022

(B H)

Polio this week as of 11 May 2022

Yemen: six cVDPV2 positive environmental samples

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/polio-week-11-may-2022

cp2 Allgemein / General

(* A K P)

Interactive Map of Yemen War

https://yemen.liveuamap.com/

(* B K P)

Expertin: Jetzt besteht die Chance für Frieden im Jemen

Angesichts der derzeitigen Waffenruhe im Jemen appelliert die Jemen-Expertin Marie-Christine Heinze an die internationale Gemeinschaft, sich für einen dauerhaften Waffenstillstand einzusetzen. "Wir haben diese eine Chance jetzt - wird sie verspielt, wird es lange keine weitere mehr geben", sagte sie dem Evangelischen Pressedienst (epd). Anfang April hatten sich die beiden Konfliktparteien auf eine zweimonatige Waffenruhe verständigt. Weder die saudische Koalition noch die Huthis hätten in den vergangenen Wochen groß angelegte Angriffe gestartet. "In dieser Hinsicht hält der Waffenstillstand", betont Heinze, die Vorsitzende der Denkfabrik Carpo in Berlin ist.

Aufseiten der international anerkannten Regierung, des Präsidialrates und der saudisch geführten Koalition sieht sie ein großes Interesse, den Konflikt zu beenden. "Vor allem Saudi-Arabien möchte sich so gesichtswahrend wie möglich da rausziehen."

Bei den Huthis werde der Wille zu einem Ende des Krieges jedoch zurecht immer wieder infrage gestellt. Sie seien militärisch gefestigt und im Norden des Jemen dominant. "Es gibt nicht viel, wovon sie bei der Zustimmung zum Frieden profitieren würden, nicht viel, was man ihnen anbieten könnte", so die Expertin. Am ehesten könne man die Huthis mit wirtschaftlichen Anreizen über eine mögliche Regierungsbeteiligung locken.

https://www.evangelisch.de/inhalte/201211/18-05-2022/expertin-jetzt-besteht-die-chance-fuer-frieden-im-jemen

(B H P)

Film: Now, Sana'a airport has already reopened, but #Taiz remains under Houthis siege. And this is what happens b/c the Houthi siege! Time to #liftSiegeofTaiz, or international community and UN don't want to pressure Houthis and hurt their feelings!

https://twitter.com/Alsakaniali/status/1526527574884622336

Photo: https://twitter.com/Ndawsari/status/1526593701610508288

(* B K pH)

[Sanaa gov.] Ministry of Telecommunications loses 7 billion dollars due to Yemen war

Ministry of Telecommunications & information Technology said on Tuesday it lost about 7 billion dollars as a result of the war and siege imposed by the Saudi-led coalition on Yemen in 7 years.

This came during an event held on the occasion of the World Telecommunication Day, the ministry reviewed the losses and damages caused to its sectors due to coalition air raids and the sabotage of its services.

The Ministry noted that over 14 million citizens were affected by the deterioration of telecommunications services and more than 1.5 million citizens were deprived of them.

https://en.ypagency.net/260987/ = https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2022/05/17/yemeni-telecom-sector-suffered-7-billion-dollars-in-losses-due-to-saudi-invasion/

and also https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25878/Ministry-of-Telecommunications-Losses-Nearly-Seven-Billion-Dollars-due-to-US-Saudi-Aggression-

(* B P)

Größere Öl-Katastrophe als "Exxon Valdez" droht

Der mit Rohöl beladene, schrottreife Super-Tanker "Safer" könnte bald zerbrechen. Die UNO ringt darum, vor der Küste des Jemen die Öko-Katastrophe noch abzuwenden.

Sie ist eine tickende, dahinrottende, 362 Meter lange Zeitbombe, mit enormem Potenzial zur ökologischen Katastrophe: Im Roten Meer vor der Küste des Jemen liegt auf einer fixen Seeposition die "Safer".

Der 1976 gebaute Öltanker ("Ultra Large Crude Carrier") wurde zuletzt als Ölübergabe-Terminal genutzt und hat 1,1 Millionen Barrel (174,9 Millionen Liter) Rohöl an Bord: Das ist fast das Vierfache jener Menge, die im Jahr 1989 von dem US-Öltanker "Exxon Valdez" unkontrolliert in das Meer vor Alaska floss und eine der größten Umweltkatastrophen der Seefahrt auslöste, warnen die Vereinten Nationen nun eindringlich.

Jasmin Duregger, Klima- und Energieexpertin von Greenpeace, erläutert die verheerenden möglichen Folgen: "Eine Ölpest könnte einerseits durch langsames und konstantes Auslaufen von Öl Realität werden – wenn der Schiffsrumpf weiter durch Verwitterung oder Korrosion beschädigt wird. Auch eine Explosion wäre ein mögliches Szenario – aufgrund von brennbaren Gasen an Bord oder wenn das Schiff absichtlich oder versehentlich von einer Rakete getroffen wird. Ebenso könnte die 'Safer' komplett sinken und seine Rohöl-Ladung freisetzen."

https://www.kleinezeitung.at/international/6140411/SchrottTanker-Safer_Groessere-OelKatastrophe-als-Exxon-Valdez-droht?from=rss

(* B P)

UN Expects Unloading of Yemen's Safer Tanker Cargo by Mid-July

The UN expected the process of unloading Yemen's eroding FSO Safer tanker to an alternative vessel will begin in mid-July.

The vessel is holding more than a million barrels of oil and has been moored off the Ras Issa coast in Hodeidah for years. It is in "imminent" danger of breaking up, the UN warned last week.

According to the UN’s operational plan to deal with Safer, the new ship will selected in May and contract details to be completed in July.

At an international conference two days ago, the UN managed to raise $41.5 million in funds for its operational plan. However, the global body estimated that it needs a total of $144 million to implement it.

Around $80 million is urgently needed to implement the emergency operation to eliminate the direct threat and transfer oil from Safer to the temporary ship during the summer.

An official at the Safer Exploration & Production Operations Company, which owns FSO Safer, doubted the plan would succeed.

Speaking on condition of anonymity, the official said the UN will face great challenges, most importantly, getting the Iran-backed Houthi militias to follow through with their commitments.

Moreover, the official commented on the UN’s estimation of the funds needed to empty FSO Safer and said that they were exaggerated.

“These sums can be used for major matters, including the resumption of the construction of strategic reservoirs on the land, a project that would have had six months to be completed, had it not been for the war that the Houthis ignited,” the official told Asharq Al-Awsat.

The official also questioned the UN’s decision to rent another vessel to hold FSO Safer’s oil.

https://english.aawsat.com/home/article/3649996/un-expects-unloading-yemens-safer-tanker-cargo-mid-july

(B K P)

Audio: Die vergessenen Kriege

Hunderttausende Tote in Äthiopien, elf Jahre Krieg im Jemen, Massaker in Mali. Der Krieg in der Ukraine überschattet das Grauen anderswo. Im Podcast sprechen wir darüber.

Weniger mediale und politische Aufmerksamkeit bekommen die vielen Kriege und das Leid der Menschen außerhalb Europas, unter anderem in Syrien, Äthiopien, Jemen oder Mali. Warum ist das so? Und welche Folgen hat es?

https://www.zeit.de/politik/2022-05/berichterstattung-kriege-westen-medien-nachrichtenpodcast

(A P)

Member of the negotiating delegation of the Sanaa government, Abdul-Malik Al-Ajri, today mocked the statements of the puppet government of the Saudi coalition about its "sovereign legal status" against the background of its acquiescence to international pressures by traveling with passports issued by the main center of the Passport Authority in the capital, Sana'a. Al-Ajri said in a post on Twitter: "Funny when they talk about their fear of the impact of Yemenis traveling with their passports from Sanaa on the sovereign legal position of their government!" Al-Ajri added: "Give us one Yemeni who claims that he had a role in choosing Al-Alimi as your president." He continued, addressing the puppet government: "Was it not the first thing that you feared for sovereignty in the Leadership Council?!" He concluded by saying, "Never in history has a country appointed a president for another independent country."

https://twitter.com/GhalebM0nz1i7/status/1525223531272978444

(* B P)

Can the Yemen ceasefire last?

Will the ceasefire last? And what would peace on the Arabian Peninsula mean for the region?

Alexandra Stark, senior researcher at New America, explained how the ceasefire is opening pathways for humanitarian relief and how the actors may ensure long-term prosperity on the peninsula in War on the Rocks last week.

“In addition to pausing military operations across the country, the truce brings several concrete agreements: It allows two commercial flights into Sana’a airport each week, opens Hodeidah port to 18 fuel ships, and begins discussions on opening blocked roads in Taiz, a city in southwest Yemen that has been under siege for years,” Stark wrote.

“On the Saudi-led coalition’s side, both the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia have increasingly recognized in recent years that they will not be able to secure anything resembling a military victory,” Stark continued.

“Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates may also see wrapping up their involvement in Yemen as part of a broader effort to find a more “functional” working relationship with Iran as nuclear deal talks slowly progress. For its part, Iran welcomed the truce announcement.”

To ensure that the ceasefire remains stable, Stark recommends that the United States provide security assurances to Saudi Arabia and the UAE to protect them in the event of attacks originating from Yemen – thus ameliorating the dilemma posed by a worsening in Yemen’s security situation.

“The United States can provide through missile defense systems and intelligence. US diplomats can also continue to support the UN Special Envoy’s efforts to ensure that these countries actually implement the terms of the current truce… finding solutions to problems — like the delays in the first commercial flight to Sana’a — will be critical to ensuring that negotiations stay on track,” she argued.

Bruce Riedel from the Brookings Institution notes the recent peace process indicated a geopolitical step change in Riyadh. Previously assertive and aggressively posturing in the region, the kingdom now appears to be learning from recent losses.

“The detente with Iran is another fundamental shift in Saudi policy under King Salman. His term in office has been the most virulently anti-Iran in Saudi history, highlighted by the break in relations, and the war in Yemen. Saudi Arabia has been the loser in the rivalry. Iran’s partners and proxies in Yemen, Syria, and Lebanon have gotten stronger since 2016,” he argues.

Thus far, Riyadh’s positive signals to work more closely with their former allies and regional adversaries have led to some positive developments.

https://www.defenceconnect.com.au/key-enablers/10006-can-the-yemen-ceasefire-last

(* B P)

Split government in Yemen makes peace difficult but not impossible

The Sanaa-Aden rift must be mended to restore unified governance and address Yemen's humanitarian crisis, Yemenis say.

For peace to be restored to Yemen and the suffering of the Yemeni people to end, the efforts of the government -- now split in two, between Aden and Sanaa -- must be unified, officials and human rights activists said.

Aden, Sanaa must work together

The Aden-based government "considers the issuance of passports a sovereign matter", political analyst Faisal Ahmed told Al-Mashareq.

But lost in the back-and-forth between the two sides are the patients, Yemeni civilians -- some of them elderly or in pain -- who are waiting to leave the country for treatment, he said.

Aden's insistence on compliance with its conditions, which is matched by Sanaa's insistence on imposing its own, "contributed to the failure of the steps that support the peace efforts", Ahmed said.

This unbending tenacity on both sides can be blamed for "the failure of the operation of the first flight from Sanaa airport and the holdup in the opening of the ports in Taez province", he added.

He warned that the split in ministries and their subordination to one government in Sanaa and another in Aden would exacerbate civilian suffering.

Ahmed said it behooved the two governments "to come up with appropriate temporary alternatives that alleviate the suffering of citizens and pave the way for finding peace and stopping the war".

Ultimately, he said, this will necessitate the formation of "a single government that takes care of the interests of citizens".

The Yemeni people suffer

The reasons preventing the achievement of peace in Yemen are that "all the political forces that have mortgaged Yemen abroad are living in a state of subservience", political analyst Adel al-Shujaa said.

No side has yet advocated a national project or declared its affiliation to Yemen and not to foreign parties, he said.

He pointed to the state of division in Yemen, with one government in Sanaa and another in Aden.

"The split of ministries between the two governments in Sanaa and Aden is a byproduct of the dependence on the countries of the region," he said.

"The Sanaa government's decision is in the hands of Iran, and the [legitimate] government's decision is in the hands of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE), or the Arab coalition," he said.

Al-Shujaa said these parties have become an obstacle for citizens, as the multiplicity of ministries and their split between Sanaa and Aden "make each party seek to take control and impose conditions on the other party".

Two Central Banks

The financial division is another stumbling block to the achievement of peace, said economist Abdul Aziz Thabet.

"The split of the Central Bank into two banks, one in Aden... and the other in Sanaa... has led to the suspension of public sector salaries," he said.

More than a million public sector employees have been affected by this state of affairs, which triggered "a change in economic policy and commercial dealings that led to financial and economic dysfunction", he added.

He said this can be seen through the wide variance in the exchange rate of the riyal between Aden and Sanaa, and the different prices of commodities.

https://almashareq.com/en_GB/articles/cnmi_am/features/2022/05/12/feature-02

(* B P)

Could the two-month truce open the door to ending the Saudi war on Yemen?

After the truce ends on June 2, speculation is rife as to whether it can be extended or a new phase of warfare will begin

Adel Hamoud Al-Hamadani, an employee at Sanaa Radio said, "Saudi Arabia is preparing for war with Ansar Allah by establishing the PLC".

"There is no transparency. They say they want peace, but in reality, they are preparing for a new phase of the war", Al-Hamadani told Al Mayadeen English.

By forming the PLC, Al-Hamadani says Saudi Arabia publicly wants the council to "negotiate with Ansar Allah to end the war peacefully, but secretly it is preparing for war"

It is not yet clear whether Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, key partners in the Saudi-led coalition, are serious about ending the war in Yemen by agreeing to the ceasefire.

"I think Saudi Arabia wants to coexist with Ansar Allah because it lost a lot in the seven years of war", Al-Hamadani said, pointing out, however, that the Saudis and the UAE "benefited from the war by stealing our oil and gas resources".

Asked what comes after the ceasefire ends, he said, "I think they will involve us in a game of extending the ceasefire for another two or four months, then the war will inevitably resume".

Nabil Al-Ameri, a political analyst, said, "If the ceasefire is not extended, we will go down the old path of war".

"I hope that there will be an extension of the ceasefire followed by a new phase of negotiations to end the war, rather than followed by a new phase of the war", Al-Ameri told Al Mayadeen English.

"We are still being usurped by Saudi Arabia. It thinks it owns the sovereignty of Yemen. But it should understand that we, as Yemenis, own our freedom and decision," Al-Ameri said.

"I think the truce is a good thing, but its consequences - if it is not extended - will be very bad for Yemen", Al-Ameri told Al Mayadeen English.

"The presidential council cannot fight Ansar Allah alone, but only with the support of the Saudis, the UAE, the U.S, and Israel", Al-Ameri told Al Mayadeen English.

David Ali Al-Saidi, an employee at a clothing shop in Sanaa, said he "hopes there will be peace after the ceasefire ends".

"I hope the PLC can agree with Ansar Allah to end the war instead of being a tool for Saudi Arabia to continue its war against Yemen," Al-Saidi said.

He added, "I hope it can be a peace council, not a war council. War is not in the interest of Yemen and Yemenis".

"I hope the council established by Saudi Arabia can open a door to end the Saudi war on Yemen. But information shows that Saudi Arabia is not interested in peace in Yemen. It wants Yemen to be at war to dominate it", Al-Saidi told Al Mayadeen English.

Abdul-Malek Al-Durrah, a citizen, said, "I do not think there will be peace after the truce; only war".

"Show me one country where the UN was able to end the war. Their presence is frequently the spark that ignites conflicts escalating into wars," Al-Durrah told Al Mayadeen English.

https://english.almayadeen.net/articles/feature/could-the-two-month-truce-open-the-door-to-ending-the-saudi

My remark: Pro-Houthi.

(* B P)

Truce in Yemen likely to be extended but prospects for permanent settlement remain dim

Reports indicate an increase in the number of violations of the deal as the two sides continue to mobilise their forces and prepare for the next round of war.

Most experts expect the ceasefire, which entered into force in early April for a period of two months, to be extended. But they have limited hopes for the truce to turn into a permanent ceasefire and lead to the revival of negotiations about a final political settlement. Doubts stem from the lack of trust between the internationally-recognised government and the Tehran-backed militias.

Houthis are seen as trying to clinch more political and economic gains without committing to any provision of the UN-sponsored truce initiative.

Analysts say the Houthis have managed to use the UN truce in their favour so as to redeploy forces, especially in the Marib governorate.

Analysts expect the fragile truce to be further extended in view of the pressure exerted by the UN and US envoys to Yemen while the Saudi-led Arab coalition seeks to support the internationally-recognised government by reducing tensions in the Yemeni conflict. But the analysts do not expect any major breakthrough. They see the truce agreement evolving into a deal akin to the Sweden agreement on Hodeidah, which was marred by continuous violations of the ceasefire by the Houthis.

Yemeni political researcher Yasser Al-Yafei is one who expects the truce to be renewed, perhaps for months to come, but without leading to a comprehensive peace agreement, at least for this year.

Yafei told The Arab Weekly the recent efforts of the United Nations and the international community have focused on consolidating and extending the truce, not on reaching a comprehensive peace deal.

He added, "The truth is that the chances of a comprehensive political settlement are still quite remote. The spectre of war in fact looms over the horizon, as the Houthis are still sending reinforcements to the fronts and setting up summer camps to recruit fresh new troops. They are also taking advantage of the truce to transfer their heavy equipment from one front to the other.”

Mansour Saleh, deputy head of the media department of the Southern Transitional Council, believes that Yemenis face only two bad options: “Either a political settlement in which the Houthi militias are likely not to comply with the requirements of peace, or a military solution, which requires a serious and honest leadership determined to fight.”

https://thearabweekly.com/truce-yemen-likely-be-extended-prospects-permanent-settlement-remain-dim

My remark: Anti-Houthi.

(* B P)

FIVE QUESTIONS ON THE GULF COOPERATION COUNCIL-LED YEMENI-YEMENI CONSULTATIONS

Last month, GCC-brokered Yemeni-Yemeni consultations concluded in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We spoke with leading Emirati political analyst Mohammed Baharoon to get more insight.

1) What were the Gulf Cooperation Council’s (GCC) goals and rationale behind the recent Yemeni–Yemeni consultations in Riyadh?

The talks are a continuation of the GCC initiative that supported the National Dialogue (2013-2014), and it continues to hold the same objectives to provide a platform for Yemenis to talk about their current affairs and future as well as agree on the minimum level of commonality. At the same time, the talks also emphasise that Yemen’s stability is seen within the context of the Arabian Peninsula and continued integration with GCC, which was the basis of the 2011 GCC initiative. Importantly, the talks were held at the GCC general secretariat, which makes them a GCC-wide initiative, and not a GCC country initiative.

2) How does the GCC’s current, prominent role fit within its role since the start of the conflict? Does it mark a shift?

It is a continuation of what the GCC started in 2012. The invitation to Houthis to join the talks is based on the principle that Houthis are part of the Yemeni fabric, which is something the Coalition have maintained. The position was not about Houthis, but about their actions.

3) What are the key things that make the GCC’s relationship with Yemen so important?

Yemen constitutes the biggest part of the south of the Arabian Peninsula, and strategically it is the GCC’s access (along with Oman and the United Arab Emirates) to the Indo-Pacific connection. The ethnic, tribal, and cultural links to the GCC are very strong.

4) As an institution, how would you see the potential for GCC capacity to host or facilitate talks with the Houthis?

The GCC is the best equipped. The actual consultation that took place provided proof. There were about 700 people participating, which was more than the number of those who participated in the National Dialogue in Yemen. The representation, with the exception of the Houthis, was very impressive, and the inclusivity of the meeting was far more successful than anything experienced since the war. In terms of capacity, the GCC has been involved in Yemen over the years and has the technical capacity and accumulated experience to deal with Yemen, more so than any other international organization.

5) What is your forecast for the future of the GCC’s role in Yemen-related diplomatic efforts, particularly with regards to the wider UN-led process?

The GCC initiative, though it has historic roots reaching back to before the UN process, shares the same objectives and operates in tandem.

https://www.yemenpolicy.org/five-questions-on-the-gulf-cooperation-council-led-yemeni-yemeni-consultations/

(* B K pH)

Rights Group Reveals Details on Saudi-led Aggression Crimes Against Yemen for 2600 Days

According to Eye of Humanity Center (Ain al-Insiyah Center) for Human Rights and Development, 46,374 civilians, including nearly 14,000 women and children were killed and injured as a result of the direct bombing of homes, schools and markets.

In its statistics of the crimes of the US-Saudi aggression during 2600 days, the Center explained that the total number of killed and injured amounted to 17,774 killed and 28,599 injured.

It indicated that 4,028 children were killed and 4,595 injured, while 2,440women were killed and 2,913 injured.

During the 2600 days of the aggression, 11,307 men were killed and 21,091 injured, the Center added, noting that the statistic is not final as there are areas that it was unable to reach.

Humanity Eye Center confirmed that the US-Saudi aggression targeted 590,770 homes, 1,622 mosques, 413 hospitals and health facilities, 1,216 schools and educational facilities, and 182 university facilities.

The Center also clarified that the US-Saudi aggression targeted 1002 food stores, 2,815 tanks, a water station, 416 fuel stations, 971 food trucks, 1,002 agricultural fields, 434 poultry and livestock farms, and 482 fishing boats.

It also indicated that within the 2600 days of the US-Saudi aggression, 405 factories, 11,952 commercial facilities, 378 fuel tankers and 9,868 different means of transportation were targeted.

The Center concluded its statistics that the US-Saudi aggression targeted 15 airports, 16 ports, 6,827 roads and bridges, 342 stations and generators, 614 networks and communication stations, 2,095 government facilities, 254 archaeological sites, 139 sports facilities, 60 media facilities, and 376 tourist facilities.

https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25769/Rights-Group-Reveals-Details-on-Saudi-led-Aggression-Crimes-Against-Yemen-for-2600-Days%C2%A0

(* A K P)

7 bodies of citizens killed under torture by Saudi army

Seven bodies of citizens arrived at the Sa'ada General Republican Hospital Authority on Thursday killed by Saudi border guards in the border area adjacent to al-Raqw district of Munabeh district.

A security official told Yemen News Agency (SABA) that the seven victims died after being electrocuted by the Saudi army.

The source indicates that this is a preliminary result of the arrival at the hospital and that there are more than 7 bodies of citizens killed under the torture of the Saudi army.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3186621.htm

and also https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25786/Seven-Citizens-Tortured-to-Death-by-Saudi-Army-in-Border-Area-of-Sa-adah

https://www.farsnews.ir/en/news/14010223000458/Repr-Sadi-Frces-Trred-Seven-Yemeni-Ciizens-Deah-wih-Elecriciy

Film: https://www.facebook.com/YACofCalifornia/posts/369200731902593

and

(* A K P)

Some disturbing news coming from Yemen's Sa'da province. Per the local man in the footage, some 30 Yemeni seeking work in Saudi Arabia have been tortured, killed, and dumped into the border area of al-Raqw by Saudi border guards

https://twitter.com/Shuaibalmosawa/status/1524836924074119178

and

(* B P)

Saudi Regime's Criminal Record Is Full of Daily Crimes in Yemeni Border Areas: Rights Center

Eye of Humanity Center (Ain al-Insiyah Center) for Human Rights and Development said Friday that the Saudi regime's criminal record is full of daily crimes in the border areas.

The director of the center, Ahmed Abu Hamra, added: "We have contact with all organizations regarding these crimes, but UN and international organizations do not move a finger."

He pointed out that the US-Saudi aggression committed crimes in the border areas of Sa’adah during the UN-sponsored truce, killing and injuring more than 113 people during the last period.

https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25813/Saudi-Regime-s-Criminal-Record-Is-Full-of-Daily-Crimes-in-Yemeni-Border-Areas-Rights

and

(A P)

[Sanaa gov.] Health Ministry, Shura Council Hold UN Responsible for Crimes Committed by Saudi Regime Against Yemenis

The Ministry of Public Health and Population condemned the heinous crime committed by the Saudi enemy against 25 citizens in Munabbih border district, Sa’adah governorate.

The ministry stated in a statement that the seven victims died after being tortured with electricity, confirming that the death toll is preliminary.

The Ministry condemned this crime, which is a flagrant violation of human rights, noting that this crime is a grave violation of international and humanitarian law that criminalizes arbitrary detention and torture.

The statement held the United Nations and its organizations responsible for their silence on the crimes committed by the Saudi regime against Yemenis, calling on international organizations and the Human Rights Council to move seriously and start investigations into all crimes of US-Saudi aggression.

In the same regard, the Shura Council strongly condemned the brutal acts that the Saudi border guards deliberately committed against Yemenis, torturing them to death.

It considered that the successive crimes of the Saudi regime against the Yemeni people reveal the extent of its dehumanization, and its flagrant violations of international and humanitarian covenants and charters.

The statement also held the United Nations and its organizations responsible for their shameful silence regarding the crimes of murder, destruction and siege against the Yemeni people by the Saudi regime, which amount to war crimes that will not be subject to statute of limitations.

https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25812/Health-Ministry%2C-Shura-Council-Hold-UN-Responsible-for-Crimes-Committed-by-Saudi-Regime-Against-Yemenis

and also https://en.ypagency.net/260627/ and https://en.ypagency.net/260610/

and

(A P)

Coalition blames Houthi for migrant deaths

The Arab Coalition to Restore Legitimacy in Yemen on Friday refuted Houthi allegations that Saudi forces were responsible for migrant deaths in the Al-Raqu border region.
In a statement, the coalition said the victims were migrants and were “killed in forced displacement and armed clashes launched by the Houthis.”

http://en.adenpress.news/news/35036

and also https://debriefer.net/en/news-29559.html

and

(* A P)

A source in Sa'ada's security was surprised aggression has denied its crime in al-Raqw

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3186746.htm

and

(A P)

[Anti-Houthi] YNRF condemns Houthi burning of African migrants

The Yemeni Network for Rights and Freedoms (YNRF) denounced the Houthi burning of tents of African migrants in the border area of Raqw in Saada Governorate, which resulted in the death of 17 people and the injury of others.

http://en.adenpress.news/news/35045

My comment: This seems to be a weak counter-attack against these Houthi side’s blames.

cp2a Saudische Blockade / Saudi blockade

(A P)

Al-Shayef Calls on UN to Compensate for Missing Commercial Flights

Director General of Sana'a International Airport Khaled al-Shayef on Tuesday confirmed that the airport administration had asked the UN to compensate the flights that were scheduled for the past weeks.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3187152.htm

and also https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25875/Al-Shayef-Calls-on-UN-to-Compensate-for-Missing-Commercial-Flights-Due-to-Saudi-led and https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25886/Civil-Aviation-Authority-Calls-on-UN-to-Compensate-for-Commercial-Flights-Scheduled-in-to-Flight

(A P)

[Sanaa gov.] Deputy FM: Flights from Sana'a Int Airport Must Continue if Saudi-led Coalition Serious About Truce

https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25874/Deputy-FM-Flights-from-Sana-a-Int-Airport-Must-Continue-if-Saudi-led-Coalition-Serious

and also https://en.ypagency.net/260974/

(A P)

New flight from Yemen to Jordan to scheduled for Wednesday

https://hodhodyemennews.net/en_US/2022/05/16/new-flight-from-yemen-to-jordan-to-scheduled-for-wednesday/

(* A P)

Erster Passagierflug aus Sanaa seit sechs Jahren gestartet

Der Flug mit knapp 130 Passagieren an Bord ging nach Amman, der Hauptstadt Jordaniens. Bei den meisten Insassen handelte es sich um ältere Menschen oder Patienten, die in Amman behandelt werden sollen. Ermöglicht wurde der Flug durch die seit Anfang April geltende Waffenruhe im Jemen.

https://www.deutschlandfunk.de/erster-passagierflug-aus-sanaa-seit-sechs-jahren-gestartet-100.html

und auch, mit Fotos: https://www.tagesspiegel.de/gesellschaft/panorama/erster-flug-seit-sechs-jahren-waffenruhe-ermoeglicht-ausreise-aus-jemens-hauptstadt-sanaa/28343262.html

Film: https://orf.at/newsroom/segment/15165593/Erster-Flug-nach-sechs-Jahren-verl%C3%A4sst-Jemen

(* B P)

Reopening Sanaa airport: A cautious step towards peace in Yemen

Both reopening the airport and permitting fuel ships to reach Houthi-controlled ports are part of the UN-sponsored two-month ceasefire. As a result, the fuel crisis in northern Yemen has been resolved, and the airport is functioning.

This will benefit millions of civilians across the country and is also a source of hope for mediators seeking to end the war.

While UN-led efforts have paid off this time, the coming weeks will reveal if this success will pave the way towards a comprehensive political solution and continued military deescalation.

"This development has partially addressed the humanitarian side. It has facilitated the travel of sick people to get treatment abroad or enabled people who are stranded for years to return home,” a political analyst in Houthi-controlled Sanaa told The New Arab.

“The airport reopening cannot guarantee the opening of roads between the Yemeni provinces or lifting the Houthi siege imposed on Taiz city."

Despite his joy, Mohammed is not optimistic that the flights will continue without disruption for a prolonged period as the key political players in Yemen have not reached a final political resolution to the conflict.

"The operation of commercial flights from Sanaa Airport cannot be considered a cure-all, and I expect its shutdown at any time. Even if the airport continues operating, it does not mean the end of the strife. The warring sides fight over the country's presidency, not over the airport."

In a tweet on Monday, Hussein Al-Ezi, a senior Houthi official, warned that any obstruction to the agreed-upon flights would mean the outbreak of war again.

"There will be two daily flights throughout the remaining period of the truce,” he wrote.

https://english.alaraby.co.uk/analysis/reopening-sanaa-airport-cautious-step-towards-peace

(* A P)

First commercial flight in 6 years leaves Yemen’s capital Sanaa

The flight, carrying 137 passengers, is part of the UN-brokered, 60-day truce that the internationally-recognised government and the Houthi rebels struck last month.

The first commercial flight in nearly six years has taken off from Yemen’s rebel-held capital, a major step forward in a peace process that has provided rare relief from conflict.

The Yemenia plane carrying 137 passengers, including patients needing treatment abroad and their relatives, took off from Sanaa on Monday for the Jordanian capital, Amman, just after 9am (06:00 GMT).

Before the takeoff, the plane taxied through an honour guard of two fire trucks spraying jets of water.

Al Jazeera’s Mohammed al-Attab said it is a “joyful day” for many Yemenis, especially those who are in urgent need of medical treatment abroad.

“There are about 300,000 patients – according to the Houthi-run ministry of health – who are waiting for the resumption of flights because of the inability of most of the health sector here to treat them,” al-Attab said, speaking from Sanaa.

The flight was initially due to take off on April 24, but a dispute over passports issued by the Houthi rebels delayed it.

Last week Yemen’s government said it would allow citizens in rebel-held areas to travel on Houthi-issued passports, removing a barrier to the flights.

The government-run SABA news agency said last week that new Yemeni passports would be issued in Jordan for those arriving with Houthi-issued travel documents.

The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) aid group said at the time that the inability to operate commercial flights out of Sanaa had stranded “tens of thousands of medical patients” seeking treatment abroad.

In a statement on Monday, NRC described the opening of the airport as a “stepping stone towards sustainable peace”.

“If the parties to the conflict continue to work together to operate regular flights in and out of Sanaa, they can help save thousands of lives, prevent premature deaths, and support the country’s economy,” said Erin Hutchinson, the aid group’s country director in Yemen.

https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2022/5/16/first-commercial-flight-in-6-years-leaves-yemens-capital-sanaa

Films: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YLvrg1YA-Do

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U2dbBU61QOw

https://twitter.com/AhmadAlgohbary/status/1526129589952688128

https://twitter.com/AhmadAlgohbary/status/1526263921925099523 = https://twitter.com/alialsonidar/status/1526154522028134401

https://twitter.com/pd_hof/status/1526078295590244352

https://twitter.com/KawkabAlwaday/status/1526309668854833157

https://www.facebook.com/ahmed.baider/posts/6062729030410391

and

(* A P)

1st commercial flight in years takes off from Yemen’s Sanaa

The closure of the airport has inflicted major economic and humanitarian damage — thousands of people lost their jobs as businesses providing services closed down or suffered heavy losses.

Before the blockade, the Sanaa airport had an estimated 6,000 passengers a day and more than 2 million passengers every year, according to the Norwegian Refugee Council, an international charity working in Yemen.

The U.N. envoy for Yemen, Hans Grundberg, hailed what he described as “constructive cooperation” of the Yemeni government.

“This should be a moment of coming together to do more, to start repairing what the war has broken,” he said in a statement. He urged both parties to implement all truce commitments and “move towards resuming a political process to sustainably end the conflict.”

The flight was initially due to take off on April 2 but a dispute over passports issued by the Houthis had delayed the departure date. This time, the internationally recognized government allowed passengers with Houthi-issued documents to board the flight.

The government-run SABA news agency said last week that new Yemeni passports would be issued in Jordan for those arriving with Houthi-issued travel documents.

The White House welcomed the flights as evidence of the cease-fire’s “ongoing benefits for the Yemeni people.”

“Yemen today is witnessing its calmest period since the war began, and these flights are an important step in further improving the lives and opportunities for the Yemeni people,” said Adrienne Watson, the National Security Council spokesperson.

https://apnews.com/article/middle-east-jordan-amman-yemen-sanaa-b6961b38f94b1abeef5f752d41db78f0

and also https://www.reuters.com/article/yemen-security-int/first-commercial-flight-takes-off-from-sanaa-raising-hopes-for-yemen-peace-idUSKCN2N20MF

https://www.france24.com/en/middle-east/20220516-first-commercial-flight-in-years-takes-off-from-yemen-s-sanaa-amid-fragile-truce

https://www.al-monitor.com/originals/2022/05/us-welcomes-sanaas-first-commercial-flight-six-years

and as a reminder: https://dawnmena.org/a-slow-death-for-yemenis-why-is-saudi-arabia-still-blockading-yemens-main-airport/

and Oxfam, NRC statements: https://www.nrc.no/news/2022/may/yemen-reopening-of-sanaa-airport-is-a-stepping-stone-towards-sustainable-peace/?categoryId=120

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/first-flight-sanaa-airport-yemen-2016

and

(A P)

First flight arrives at Sana'a Airport since start of armistice

A Yemeni Airlines flight arrived at Sana'a International Airport on Monday evening, coming from Jordan.

Head of the Civil Aviation and Meteorology Authority (CAMA) Raed Jabal said that the civil commercial flight that arrived today at Sana'a Airport carried on board 60 citizens of expatriates and students stranded in several countries.

Jabal called on the United Nations to double the number of flights, according to the provisions of the humanitarian truce, which included 16 flights.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3187094.htm

and

(A P)

Inauguration of the first flight of Yemenia is a detente to prolonged suffering

The aggression coalition has prolonged the opening of Sana 'a International Airport with flimsy justifications and arguments. This has caused catastrophic effects and considerable human suffering for hundreds of thousands of Yemeni patients who have been prevented from travelling abroad for treatment, resulting in the deaths of many of them.

The international community has stood by from an air, land and sea blockade imposed by the coalition of aggression against the country, which has caused great suffering to millions of Yemenis at various therapeutic, commercial, educational and other levels as a result of an unprecedented act of aggression in the world.

The inauguration of the first flight from Sana 'a International Airport was a glimmer of hope for the continuation of flights to alleviate the suffering of citizens and its release from protracted suffering.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3187036.htm

(* A P)

CAMA: Yemenia obtains permit to operate 1st commercial flight from Sana'a

The Civil Aviation and Meteorology Authority (CAMA) Mazen Ghanem confirmed on Sunday that the Yemenia Airlines has obtained a permit to operate the first commercial flight from Sana'a Airport to Amman on Monday and return to Sana'a on the same day.

In a statement to Saba, CAMA's spokesperson Mazen Ghanem said that the arrival of the first commercial flight to Sana'a airport will be confirmed during a press conference on Monday.

He called on the United Nations to abide by the terms of the armistice and to operate the 16 agreed-upon flights during the rest of the armistice time to alleviate the suffering of the citizens.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3186960.htm

and

(* A P)

First flight from Sana'a airport to take off Monday: [Sanaa gov.] Minister

The first commercial flight from Sana'a International Airport, since the start of the UN-brokered humanitarian truce, will take off on Monday, to Jordan via Yemenia airlines, the Minister of Transport said Sunday.

Minister Abdelwahab Al-Durra stated in an expanded meeting held at Sana'a Airport that the second flight (Sana'a - Cairo - Sana'a) would be in the near future.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3186959.htm

and also https://en.ypagency.net/260840/

and

(A P)

Again, Coalition hinders first flight through Sanaa airport

The Saudi-led coalition once again has obstructed the first commercial flight through Sana’a International Airport, scheduled for Sunday, as part of a UN truce flight.

In a Facebook post, Yemenia Airways said it would begin flights from Sana’a to Amman on Monday.

This came days after Yemenia announced on Friday that it had received notice of the first flight from Sana’a International Airport to Jordan from Sunday.

https://en.ypagency.net/260763/

(A P)

YPC: US-Saudi Aggression Detains New Fuel Tanker Despite UN-Sporsored Truce

The company's official spokesman, Issam Al-Mutawakel, said, "In conjunction with the release of the two diesel tankers (Yahud and Princess Khadija), the US-led aggression continues its piracy on fuel tankers and is detaining the tanker "Kornet".

He added, "The Kornet ship, loaded with 20,000 tons of gasoline and 9,000 tons of diesel, was detained despite the UN-sponsored truce."

https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25785/YPC-US-Saudi-Aggression-Detains-New-Fuel-Tanker-Despite-UN-Sporsored-Truce

(A P)

Coalition releases 2 oil ships

The Yemeni Oil Company in Sanaa announced on Thursday that the Saudi-led coalition had released two oil ships and detained another.

Spokesman for the company, Issam Yahya Al-Mutawakil, said on Twitter that the coalition released the two diesel ships loaded with 20,000 tons of gasoline and 9,000 tons of diesel.

https://en.ypagency.net/260564/

and also https://debriefer.net/en/news-29551.html

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

(* B H)

Als Chirurgin in Afghanistan und im Jemen | Live vor Ort | Ärzte ohne Grenzen

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j8d61heE_bM

(* B H)

Help Four Yemeni kids survive cancer

Abeer 7, Aminah 10, Mohamed 9 and Naser 12 haven’t gone outside or played with other children outside the family since 2015. That was the year their village in the north of Yemen was carpet-bombed by military airplanes in the 2015 war that left hundreds of thousands of civilians dead, maimed, or on the brink of starvation.

For Mohamed, the conflict exacted a cruel price. Shortly after the bombing, all four kids developed invasive malignant tumors that disfigured their faces, leaving them with crusted, bleeding bubbles all over their faces. And while the cancer continues to threaten their long-term survival, their disfigured faces also mean they can’t go to school, play with other kids or have even a tiny sliver of normalcy in their young lives.

Their father - who is their only caretaker - moved the children to Sanaa where they had at least a hope of receiving whatever limited treatment options exist in a war-ravaged country. But 7 years of war have left Yemen with painfully little to offer to young patients like Abeer, Amniah, Mohamed and Naser, even as these options are available in other countries.

Mohammed’s and Aminah’s father - who is struggling to provide for his children - has located a hospital willing to offer treatment to his children. Undergoing this treatment offers his children a promise of healing and living a normal life where they can go to school, develop friendships, enjoy the outdoors and have the hopes and dreams other children take for granted.

But the treatment, even with the discounts and subsidies, will cost over $50,000 - an insurmountable sum for a father of four struggling to stay afloat in Sanaa. That’s why we are asking you, in this season of giving, to give whatever you can to help Abeer, Aminah, Mohamed and Naser to start a path to recovery.

https://www.gofundme.com/f/help-four-yemeni-kids-survive-cancer

I lost my #Yemeni son yesterday. Nasser was 12. (photo)

https://twitter.com/AliAlAhmed_en/status/1525501016451465217

Nasser’s young brother Mohamed is at the hospital after undergoing surgery to remove tumors. Please pray for him. He is 10 (photo)

https://twitter.com/AliAlAhmed_en/status/1526545108631445513

(B H)

Bridges to Peace and Solidarity: Anxiety is one of the most common disorders caused by war trauma among Yemen’s children and #adolescents. We work to build sustainable #peace through reducing #wartrauma, build #resilience in #children and #adolescents from 7 to 17 years in #Yemen's #schools. (photos)

https://twitter.com/Bridges_peace/status/1526576828923658240

(* B H)

"Stille Tragödie": Folgen des Ukraine-Kriegs bedrohen Millionen mangelernährter Kinder

Der Ukraine-Krieg verschärft nach Unicef-Angaben das Problem schwerer Mangelernährung bei Kindern in der ganzen Welt. Schon jetzt kämen dadurch jedes Jahr mehr als eine Million Kinder um, heißt es in dem am Dienstag veröffentlichten Unicef-Bericht "Schwere akute Mangelernährung: Eine tödliche Gefahr für Kinder". Doch jetzt könnten noch deutlich mehr Kinder sterben.

50 Länder auf Weizenimporte aus Russland und Ukraine angewiesen

"Der Krieg in der Ukraine hat auch gravierende Folgen für Kinder, die weit weg vom Kriegsgebiet, zum Beispiel in Somalia oder Jemen oder Afghanistan, leben", sagte Rudi Tarneden, Sprecher von Unicef Deutschland, der Deutschen Presse-Agentur in Köln. "Ihre Familien können die steigenden Kosten für Nahrungsmittel nicht mehr aufbringen, die Kinder bekommen weniger und schlechtere Nahrung zu essen. Durch den Krieg ist die globale Versorgungskette teilweise unterbrochen, Hilfslieferungen kommen

https://www.stern.de/panorama/folgen-des-ukraine-kriegs-bedrohen-millionen-mangelernaehrter-kinder-31868608.html

(* B H)

UNICEF Yemen Humanitarian Situation Report: 1 - 28 February 2022

A total of 432,379 children under the age of five have been screened for malnutrition since the beginning of the year. Out of these, 21,598 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) were identified and admitted in Outpatient Treatment Programmes (OTPs).

In February, UNICEF continued supporting the delivery of fuel to 36 Local Water and Sanitation Corporations (LWSCs) across 17 governorates in order to sustain the provision of safe water supply for approximately 2.48 million people.

Funding Overview and Partnerships

The Yemen Humanitarian Action for Children (HAC) which is currently aligned to the 2021 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (YHRP), appeals for $484.4 million in 2022. UNICEF’s humanitarian programmes are planned for nationwide reach targeting populations in areas with the most acute needs, and the appeal integrates the COVID-19 response into programmes planned within the HAC. As of 28 February 2022, UNICEF received a total of $23.6 million against the 2022 HAC appeal and a total of $63.8 million was carried forward from 2021, leaving a funding gap of $397 million, or 81 per cent of the total amount required to continue UNICEF’s life-saving work in Yemen. During the reporting period, contributions were received from USAID’s Bureau of Humanitarian Assistance, the Yemen Humanitarian Fund, the Government of Japan, the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund, the Swiss National Committee for UNICEF and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development of Germany. Despite these generous contributions, critical funding gaps for the response are emerging from quarter two of 2022.

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

Eight years into the conflict, 20.7 million people in Yemen need humanitarian assistance. Over 50 districts across Yemen are directly affected by active frontlines, leading to the displacement of over 4.2 million people since the beginning of the conflict, of which 79 per cent have been children and women.

Conflict continued to escalate during the month of February, increasing humanitarian needs across the country. A total of 16.2 million people3 need food assistance and an increasing proportion of the population is coping with emergency levels of hunger.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/unicef-yemen-humanitarian-situation-report-1-28-february-2022

(B H)

WFP Yemen Food Security Update, May 2022

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/wfp-yemen-food-security-update-may-2022

(* B H)

Weizenimporteur warnt vor 'katastrophaler Hungersnot' im Jemen

Der größte Weizenimporteur im Jemen hat angesichts explodierender Preise vor einer "katastrophalen Hungersnot" in dem Bürgerkriegsland gewarnt. Ohne rasches Handeln würden Hunderttausende Menschen innerhalb weniger Monate extremen Hunger leiden, teilte der jemenitische Konzern HSA Group am Montag mit. "Wenn wir allein arbeiten, können wir nicht versprechen, dass sich eine Katastrophe in den kommenden Monaten abwenden lässt", sagte HSA-Geschäftsführer Nabil Hajil Sajid Anam.

Im Jemen, wo seit sieben Jahren ein Bürgerkrieg tobt, haben nach Angaben des Welternährungsprogramms (WFP) bis zu 19 Millionen Menschen nicht genug zu essen. Dieses Jahr will das WFP Millionen unter anderem mit Mehl, Hülsenfrüchten, Öl, Zucker, Salz oder Bargeld unterstützen. Das Land importiert etwa 90 Prozent seiner Lebensmittel. Eine entscheidende Rolle spielen dabei Unternehmen, die auch Hilfsprogramme wie die des WFP beliefern.

Nach der russischen Invasion in der Ukraine waren die Preise für Weizen auf den höchsten Stand seit 14 Jahren gestiegen. Indiens jüngstes Exportverbot für Weizen hat die Lage noch verschärft.

https://www.rnd.de/politik/jemen-weizenimporteur-warnt-vor-katastrophaler-hungersnot-6FSUGYIXI6S7VWZOK37OX2YXUM.html = https://www.boerse-online.de/nachrichten/anleihen/weizenimporteur-warnt-vor-katastrophaler-hungersnot-im-jemen-1031464707

(* B H)

HSA Group: urgent solutions needed to avert food import shortages and further humanitarian crisis in Yemen

Yemen's largest company and leading wheat importer warns of impending mass famine in Yemen – caused by boom in global wheat prices, significant supply disruptions, and rapidly diminishing stocks across the country

HSA Group - Yemen's largest company and the country's leading wheat importer - has issued a stark warning that time is running out to avert a potentially catastrophic famine from spreading across Yemen, as a result of unprecedented disruption to global wheat supplies generated by the fallout from the conflict in Ukraine.

Global wheat prices are set to rise further due to the export ban on Indian wheat that came into effect just two days ago. Without urgent action, the latest developments have the potential to push Yemen's ongoing food security crisis to the point of no return. Yemen needs extraordinary measures to maintain an uninterrupted supply of this daily staple to communities and aid programmes before it is too late for hundreds of thousands of people.

HSA Group has written to leaders in the international community raising alarm that hundreds of thousands of Yemenis across the country are set to experience extreme hunger in a matter of months, in light of escalating global wheat prices, dwindling wheat stocks in the country, and the Yemeni private sector's diminishing purchasing power that is preventing sufficient supplies of essential foodstuffs from entering the country.

The company has called on the international community to put in place emergency mechanisms to stave off a further humanitarian crisis, such as creating a special import finance fund that would enable Yemen's wheat importers to rapidly access finance and working capital to fund wheat purchases on the global market and to cover the significant cost of importing food products into Yemen; and extended payment terms for Yemeni food importers in their dealings with international suppliers, to help secure and fulfil commercial contracts that are critical in ensuring a steady supply of foodstuffs to Yemen.

Yemen purchases approximately one third of its wheat from Ukraine and Russia. The loss of such a significant proportion of the country's source of wheat, which is relied upon for communities that are already on the brink of famine to produce daily staples, such as bread, will exacerbate the effects of the world's worst humanitarian crisis.

Yemen's private sector plays a vital role in ensuring the country's food security and is responsible for the vast majority of food imports into Yemen, which make up 90% of Yemen's total food supply and are relied on by Yemeni communities.

The wheat crisis is compounding the effects of Yemen's food security crisis – with the minimum food basket price significantly increasing across Yemen over the past year and as much as 119% in parts of the country (WFP). Yemen is facing the prospect of food affordability and global supply chain challenges on a scale not seen before.

HSA Group has therefore called for an immediate international intervention to avert further humanitarian catastrophe in the coming months, proposing that international and regional organisations explore innovative solutions to ensure sufficient wheat supplies reach Yemeni communities, such as:

https://www.prnewswire.com/ae/news-releases/hsa-group-urgent-solutions-needed-to-avert-food-import-shortages-and-further-humanitarian-crisis-in-yemen-892094072.html

and also https://twitter.com/sameer_alnamri/status/1526214277635383296

(* B H)

7 Jahre Not: Der Krieg und die Klimakrise im Jemen bedrohen Leben, Lebensgrundlagen und Kultur Krieg, Abholzung und Wüstenbildung verschärfen Ernährungsunsicherheit

Die Klimakrise und Einfuhrbeschränkungen bedrohen Mensch und Natur.

Der Jemen befindet sich in einer der schlimmsten humanitären Krisen der Welt. Sieben Jahre nach Beginn der schweren Eskalation des Konflikts wird die Lage im Land immer verheerender.

Neben den Menschen im Jemen leidet auch die Umwelt unter den Auswirkungen der anhaltenden Krise. Das Land war bereits zuvor von Überschwemmungen, Dürre und schweren Sandstürmen bedroht, doch die durch die Krise ausgelöste zunehmende Entwaldung und Wüstenbildung fügt ihm weiteren Schaden zu.

Aufgrund der Blockade der von den Huthi kontrollierten Gebiete und der Einfuhrbeschränkungen für den Hafen von Al Hodeidah sind Menschen und Unternehmen gezwungen, Bäume für Brennholz zu fällen. Seit 2018 wurden mehr als 5 Millionen Bäume gefällt – allein in der Hauptstadt Sana’a werden jährlich mehr als 889.000 Bäume gefällt, um Bäckereien und Restaurants zu versorgen.

Die steigende Nachfrage nach Holz hat eine Welle der Abholzung ausgelöst, deren Auswirkungen für die langfristige Entwicklung des Jemen verheerend sind. Die Nachfrage und die hohe Arbeitslosigkeit haben dazu geführt, dass einige ehemalige Landwirte, deren Land nicht mehr bewirtschaftet werden kann, sich dem Holzeinschlag zuwenden, um ihren Lebensunterhalt zu sichern.

Schutzmaßnahmen für Wälder und Waldgebiete wurden aufgegeben und der Verlust von Lebensraum hat einige Vögel sowie andere Tierarten zur Abwanderung gezwungen.

Abholzung und Wüstenbildung verschärfen das ohnehin schon verheerende Problem der Ernährungsunsicherheit im Jemen, indem sie einstige landwirtschaftliche Nutzflächen vernichten und die Quellen für sauberes Trinkwasser erschöpfen.

Menschen und Vieh sind im gesamten Jemen vom Wasser- und Futtermangel bedroht, und die schrumpfenden Anbauflächen entziehen denjenigen, die darauf angewiesen sind, die Möglichkeit, sich und ihre Familien zu ernähren. 75 Prozent der jemenitischen Bevölkerung leben in ländlichen Gebieten und sind auf stabile klimatische Bedingungen angewiesen, um ihren Lebensunterhalt zu bestreiten.

Ist dies nicht der Fall, sind Haushalte und Gemeinschaften gezwungen umzusiedeln, was zu einer der größten Binnenvertreibungen der Welt führt.

Nicht nur die Häuser und Lebensgrundlagen der Jemeniten gehen durch den Klimawandel verloren. Die Krise hat zu einer Vernachlässigung der empfindlichen terrassenförmig angelegten landwirtschaftlichen Systeme geführt, die seit Jahrtausenden als Nahrungs- und Lebensgrundlage in dem gebirgigen Land dienen. In Verbindung mit extremen Wetterereignissen bedroht dies die Existenz dieser Lebensweise.

“Der Klimawandel ist eines der drängendsten Probleme unserer Zeit, und oft tragen diejenigen, die am wenigsten dazu beigetragen haben, die Hauptlast seiner negativen Auswirkungen. Der Jemen ist da keine Ausnahme. Der Klimawandel verschlimmert die humanitäre Krise im Land”, sagt Ammar Abdulbaset Nagi Aldumini von Islamic Relief Jemen.

“Wir haben von Menschen gehört, die versuchen, mit dem Verkauf von Brennholz ihren Lebensunterhalt zu bestreiten, weil sie keine andere Einkommensquelle haben, aber der Schaden, der dadurch in der jemenitischen Landschaft angerichtet wird, ist tiefgreifend. Ohne Ackerland und Landwirtschaft werden noch mehr Menschen ihre Lebensgrundlage verlieren und in die Ernährungsunsicherheit gedrängt werden, und alle Bemühungen um eine langfristige Erholung werden ernsthaft behindert werden.”

“Um der Entwaldung Einhalt zu gebieten, müssen sich alle beteiligten Parteien zunächst auf ein Ende des Konflikts einigen.

https://daskomma.com/7-jahre-not-der-krieg-und-die-klimakrise-im-jemen-bedrohen-leben-lebensgrundlagen-und-kultur-krieg-abholzung-und-wuestenbildung-verschaerfen-ernaehrungsunsicherheit/

(B H)

The last three years #Yemen had deadly floods. This year #Yemeni #Farmers still Waiting for the #rains. Unfortunately, #Soil and #plants begins to dry out quickly. The picture from #Hajjah province

https://twitter.com/KawkabAlwaday/status/1526042769785032704

(B H)

Film: Despite years of war and tragedies they have lived through, their dreams are still the simple wishes of any children in the world. From #Yemen Hodeidah city.

https://twitter.com/AhmadAlgohbary/status/1525985543670181888

(B H)

WFP Yemen Situation Report #4, April 2022

In Numbers:

17.4 million people food insecure
31,000 people in famine-like conditions
3.5 million people acutely malnourished
11.3 million people assisted by WFP in April

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/wfp-yemen-situation-report-4-april-2022

(B H P)

USAID: Yemen: USG Response to the Complex Emergency (Last Updated 05/13/22)

https://reliefweb.int/map/yemen/yemen-usg-response-complex-emergency-last-updated-051322

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-complex-emergency-fact-sheet-7-fiscal-year-fy-2022

(* B H)

Yemen Humanitarian Update - Issue 4 / April 2022

In this issue:

US$4.3 billion needed to help 17.3 million people in Yemen

The Truce: an opportunity to address humanitarian needs

UN CERF allocates US$20 million in response to rising food insecurity in Yemen

Measles response underway, targeting nearly 1.4 million children

Aid agencies prepare for the flooding season

YHF’s beneficiary feedback and complaints mechanism promotes accountability to affected people

The Humanitarian Country Team in Yemen released the 2022 Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) on 30 April, seeking nearly $4.3 billion to reverse a steady deterioration of the humanitarian situation. The 2022 HRP targets 17.3 million out of the 23.4 million people in need of life-saving humanitarian assistance and protection services. “The worsening humanitarian crisis in Yemen is a reality that we need to urgently address,” said Mr. David Gressly, the Humanitarian Coordinator for Yemen. “The numbers this year are staggering. Over 23 million people – or almost three-quarters of Yemen’s population – now need assistance. That is an increase of almost three million people from 2021. Nearly 13 million people are already facing acute levels of need.”

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-humanitarian-update-issue-4-april-2022

(* B H)

Yemen aid shortfall forces World Food Programme to make hard choices

Budgetary pressures mean humanitarian mission must make tough decisions about how to distribute aid fairly

Foreign aid is vital to helping needy people in Yemen but a cash injection alone will not solve the social and economic problems that blight the country, the World Food Programme’s representative has said.

In an exclusive interview with The National at the start of a Gulf tour to meet key donors, Richard Ragan said that the funding shortfall has left the UN with immense budgetary pressures that are hurting its efforts to help feed the Arab world’s poorest country.

The humanitarian shortfall, he said, was forcing the WFP to make hard decisions about how to distribute food aid fairly.

“We take from the poor to feed the hungry. If I have a limited amount of budget, then I have to focus on the people who are the hungriest. And that's often taking resources away from the poor,” said Mr Ragan.

“The majority of people in the country are poor. They've either been displaced by conflict, affected by conflict, or are just poor.”

The UN official, who relocated to Sanaa when he assumed his post in February, said one of the hardest decisions he has to make is when to cut food rations for each family because of scarce resources and a limited budget.

“There are people who are hungry and there are people who are hungrier, who are going to die if they don't get food,” he said.

“I didn't really understand it until I had kids, that the worst thing you can experience is being unable to feed your family.”

Mr Ragan, who has also worked in Bangladesh, Libya and North Korea, gave an example: “We may cut it from 75 kilos of wheat flour, per family, to 50 kilos. And when you talk to people, you feel it, you feel the tension. They're angry, they're desperate and it's not a good situation.”

The war in Ukraine has also exacerbated Yemen’s woes, he said, turning media attention away from the worsening humanitarian crisis.

But it isn’t only Yemen that has been affected by the war in Europe.

Russia’s invasion, Mr Ragan said, “has a huge impact on the region”.

“Obviously, not just Yemen, but it has an impact on other countries like Lebanon and because of the dependence on food sourcing, sunflower oil, wheat, flour, beans — everything comes from these two countries [Russia and Ukraine]. So, that's a problem.”

But Mr Ragan said the biggest threat to food security in Yemen is the ongoing war there.

https://www.thenationalnews.com/mena/2022/05/13/yemen-aid-shortfall-forces-world-food-programme-to-make-hard-choices/

and also https://english.aawsat.com/home/article/3641171/ragan-asharq-al-awsat-yemen-needs-2-billion-annually-secure-food

(B H)

Treating Malnourished Children in Yemen

SAMARITAN’S PURSE TEAMS ARE HELPING HUNGRY CHILDREN LIKE SABA AS THE NATION CONTINUES TO GRAPPLE WITH THE EFFECTS OF A YEARS-LONG CIVIL WAR.

In Search of Refuge

At the height of the war, an infant named Saba* lived together with her father, mother, sister, and grandfather in the city where her father worked as a taxi driver. But when an artillery shell hit their home, her family fled south in search of refuge with precious Saba in tow. They eventually resettled in a village that now seems safe, but it lacks many services. For instance, it takes three hours to walk to the nearest health facility.

In their new village, the family lives in a single room of an old house, which lacks both sufficient water and sanitation facilities. Saba’s father has no consistent income, so there is not enough money to hire transportation to take her to regular medical check-ups.

But, when Saba was 9 months old, Samaritan’s Purse community health volunteers visited her village to offer routine health- and nutrition-awareness services. In the process, they screened children under 5 years old for malnutrition by checking their mid-upper arm circumference and their height and weight.

When the volunteers reached Saba, she looked very sick.

https://www.samaritanspurse.org/article/treating-malnourished-children-in-yemen/

(B H)

Head of HUMAN ACCESS: More than 490,000 beneficiaries of Ramadan charity projects for the year 1443 AH

HUMAN ACCESS implemented Ramadan charity projects for the year 1443 AH in most governorates of Yemen with the intention of improving people's access to food and meeting their most urgent basic needs in light of the difficult conditions that Yemen is experiencing.

In a press statement, Yahya Hasan Al-Daba, Head of HUMAN ACCESS, explained that about (491,204) individuals benefited from the services of these projects, which included the distribution of food baskets, breakfast for fasting people, the distribution of dates, meat, in-kind alms, clothing and Eid gifts for poor, displaced and conflict-affected families, orphans and needy individuals in most Yemen’s governorates, in partnership with numerous donor organizations, supporting bodies and personalities at home and abroad.

https://humanaccess.org/m/news/more-than-490,000-beneficiaries-of-ramadan-charity-projects-for-the-year-1443-ah

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

(B H)

UNICEF Yemen Humanitarian Situation Report: 1 - 28 February 2022

UNICEF, in collaboration with UNFPA and WFP, reached 7,376 newly displaced households through the distribution of Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) kits containing essential hygiene items, food, family basic hygiene kits and female dignity kits.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/unicef-yemen-humanitarian-situation-report-1-28-february-2022

(B H)

UNHCR Yemen: IDP Protection Monitoring Update (1 Jan 2022 – 31 Mar 2022)

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/unhcr-yemen-idp-protection-monitoring-update-1-jan-2022-31-mar-2022

(B H)

IOM Yemen: Rapid Displacement Tracking - Yemen IDP Dashboard Reporting Period: 08 to 14 May 2022

From 1 January to 14 May 2022, IOM Yemen DTM tracked 5,783 households (HH) (34,698 Individuals) who experienced displacement at least once.

Between 8 and 14 May 2022, IOM Yemen DTM tracked 102 households (612 individuals) displaced at least once. The majority of people moved into/within the following governorates and districts:

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/iom-yemen-rapid-displacement-tracking-yemen-idp-dashboard-reporting-period-08-14-may-2022

(B H)

IOM and European Union Lay Foundation for Recovery and Peacebuilding in Yemen

In Yemen, seven years of war destroyed vital services and heightened local conflict over resources. Rising numbers of displaced people settling in low-resourced areas have exacerbated tensions.

Only half of Yemen’s health facilities are functional. The education system is on the verge of collapse and water and sanitation infrastructure have been hard hit, leaving more than 17 million people with limited access to water, sanitation and hygiene services.

With the support of the European Union (EU), the International Organization for Migration (IOM) rehabilitated 32 public facilities including schools, health facilities, irrigation and water and sanitation infrastructure across the country.

In Ma’rib and Lahj, two governorates that host hundreds of thousands of people fleeing conflict, 650,000 people have now access to improved healthcare, education, water and sanitation.

The restoration of the Ma’rib Dam gates and irrigation channels are now providing farmers with much-needed water revitalizing the agri-businesses.

“Restoring public services damaged by the crisis is providing a new lifeline to communities who have lost access to vital services,” said Christa Rottensteiner, IOM Yemen Chief of Mission.

https://yemen.iom.int/news/iom-and-european-union-lay-foundation-recovery-and-peacebuilding-yemen

(* B H)

DTM flow Monitoring Registry Dashboard: Non-Yemeni migrant arrivals and Yemeni returnees in April 2022

In April 2022, IOM Yemen DTM recorded 5,212 migrants entering Yemen, similar to 5,354 in March 2022. Thie relatively lower migration flow, in comparison to previous months, is likely related to seasonal changes including dicult weather conditions and high tides. Furthermore, the drop might also be associated with the tightening of security measures on the borders of Djibouti and Yemen.
Due to the deteriorating humanitarian crisis in Yemen and the challenges in moving towards KSA, many migrants opted to return to the Horn of Africa. DTM teams in Djibouti recorded that during April 2022, a total of 559 migrants took the risky return by boat from Yemen to travel home. Moreover, DTM recorded 5,898 Yemeni returns from KSA during the month of April 2022, compared to 7,607 in March 2022. Between 1 January and 30 April 2022, an estimated 24,864 migrants and 23,950 Yemeni migrant returnees arrived in Yemen.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/dtm-flow-monitoring-registry-dashboard-non-yemeni-migrant-arrivals-and-yemeni-returnees-april-2022

(A H)

Fire breaks out in camp for displaced devours shelter of 43 families in Hodeidah

Local residents reported that a fire broke out in the camp of the displaced in Al-Khawkha district which is under the control of coalition forces, which resulted in burning of shelters of 43 families.

https://en.ypagency.net/260559/

and also https://twitter.com/FuadRajeh/status/1524792281223536641

(B H)

Yemen: UNHCR Operational Update, covering the period from 28 April to 12 May 2022

During the reporting period, heavy rains accompanied by snowfall affected the population in Rabu’a area in Al-Hanashat, Nihm district, in Sana’a governorate, including 47 returning IDP households. Torrential rains moved unexploded ordnance (UXO) and mines into the roads and farms, while the falling snow damaged the crops of families residing in the area. This exacerbated the hardship of households living in temporary shelters and war-damaged houses.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-unhcr-operational-update-covering-period-28-april-12-may-2022

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

Siehe / Look at cp1

(A P)

Al-Mashat Calls on UN to Pressure Saudi-backed Government to Pay Salaries of State Employees

The head of Supreme Political Council, Mahdi Al-Mashat, holds the UN responsible for pressuring the Saudi-backed government to pay the salaries of all state employees in accordance with the Sweden Agreement, and to stop the continuous looting of state revenues, especially crude oil and gas.

https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25887/Al-Mashat-Calls-on-UN-to-Pressure-Saudi-backed-Government-to-Pay-Salaries-of-State

My comment: How should this work??? As the Houthi side claims to be the – or one – legal Yemeni government, and as this Sanaa government imposes and r3eceives taxes and revenues, it must pay it’s state employees by itself. It’s odd the Sanaa government asks the Aden government (it does not even recognize!) should pay the Sanaa government state employees – from the taxes and revenues the Aden government just can receive in Southern Yemen.

(A P)

Sam Organization for Rights and Freedoms says Houthis are staying the track of organized confiscation of houses of oppositionists in Sana'a using political pretexts/Bawabati website

One of the inmates of the "Central Jail" in Hodeidah was shot dead by a Houthi militiaman in his cell on Sunday/Alsahwa Net

A greedy Houthi militant has killed his comrade to rob his firearm in Amran, it has been found today/Yeni Yemen

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-55965

(A P)

Revolution leader: Yemeni society is one of the societies that has provided endowments for centuries

In his speech at the First National Conference of Endowments, the Leader of the Revolution said “There are many endowments over decades, generations and centuries of time, there is no gap, a generation comes with different orientations and spirituality."

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3187135.htm

Film: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cyKm38xI6q0

(A P)

Höchste Zeit, dass saudisch-geführte Koalition und verbündete Kämpfer sich aus dem Jemen zurückziehen

Jemens Verteidigungsminister, Generalmajor Mohammad al-Atifi, gab an, es sei höchste Zeit für die von Saudi-Arabien geführten Koalitionsstreitkräfte und ihre verbündeten militanten Takfiri-Gruppen, sich aus dem Land zurückzuziehen, und betonte, dass die jemenitischen Streitkräfte jetzt über massive Kampffähigkeiten sowie fortschrittliche Waffen zur Abschreckung verfügen.

https://parstoday.com/de/news/middle_east-i68708-h%C3%B6chste_zeit_dass_saudisch_gef%C3%BChrte_koalition_und_verb%C3%BCndete_k%C3%A4mpfer_sich_aus_dem_jemen_zur%C3%BCckziehen

(A P)

Yemen Has Competencies, Combat Experience, High-Precision Weapons: Defense Minister

The Minister of Defense affirmed that the Yemeni Armed Forces have acquired high combat competencies and expertise in all its units, land, sea and air, as well as advanced strategic deterrent weapons, with high-precision technologies.

https://english.almasirah.net.ye/post/25852/Yemen-Has-Competencies%2C-Combat-Experience%2C-High-Precision-Weapons-Defense-Minister

and also https://en.ypagency.net/260802/

https://www.farsnews.ir/en/news/14010226000424/Sana%E2%80%99a-Time-Has-Cme-fr-Sadi-Led-Caliin-Allied-Milians-Wihdraw-frm

(A P)

PM: Summer camps are important to invest students' energies

Prime Minister Abdulaziz bin Habtoor said on Wednesday the summer courses will not be limited to religious and legal sciences, but will include specialized sciences of engineering and mathematics.

This came during his inspection visit, along with some government officials, to the summer camp held at People and al-Bilaly Mosques in the capital Sana'a.

Bin Habtoor stressed the importance of the camps in continuing the process of competition with opponents and enemies who want to undermine the will of the Yemeni people and eliminate its capabilities, history and present.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3186488.htm

and

(A P)

Activists campaign against terror coming from Houthi child radicalization centers

Activists launched as of Tuesday evening a campaign to raise awareness about the danger of terrorism coming from Houthi radicalization of children in 'summer education' centers. The campaign used the hashtag #Terror_Making_Centers." /Marib News

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-55889

(A P)

Houthi militant kills a tribal chieftain and his son kills the militant in revenge/Yemeni Sport

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-55889

Fortsetzung / Sequel: cp6 – cp19

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-806b-yemen-war-mosaic-806b

Vorige / Previous:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-805-yemen-war-mosaic-805

Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 1-805 / Yemen War Mosaic 1-805:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose oder / or http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

Der saudische Luftkrieg im Bild / Saudi aerial war images:

(18 +, Nichts für Sensible!) / (18 +; Graphic!)

http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

http://yemenwarcrimes.blogspot.de/

http://www.yemenwar.info/

Liste aller Luftangriffe / and list of all air raids:

http://yemendataproject.org/data/

Untersuchung ausgewählter Luftangriffe durch Bellingcat / Bellingcat investigations of selected air raids:

https://yemen.bellingcat.com/

Untersuchungen von Angriffen, hunderte von Filmen / Investigations of attacks, hundreds of films:

https://yemeniarchive.org/en

Dieser Beitrag gibt die Meinung des Autors wieder, nicht notwendigerweise die der Redaktion des Freitag.
Geschrieben von

Dietrich Klose

Vielfältig interessiert am aktuellen Geschehen, zur Zeit besonders: Ukraine, Russland, Jemen, Rolle der USA, Neoliberalismus, Ausbeutung der 3. Welt
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Dietrich Klose

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