Terroristen als rational Handelnde

Bei diesem Beitrag handelt es sich um ein Blog aus der Freitag-Community

Nach dem 9/11 wurden die Urheber des Anschlages als Verrueckte dargestellt. Als Feinde der Freiheit, wie beispielsweise auch die Gegner der daenischen Cartoons. Teilweise wird es aber auch anders gesehen. Abgesehen davon, dass schon Usama konkrete politische Forderungen aufgestellt hatte, siehe sein "Bekennerschreiben", hier ein Schipsel aus einer Buchkritik aus dem NewYorker:


Once you take terrorists to be rational actors, you need a theory about their rationale. Robert Pape, a political scientist at the University of Chicago, built a database of three hundred and fifteen suicide attacks between 1980 and 2003, and drew a resoundingly clear conclusion: “What nearly all suicide terrorist attacks have in common is a specific secular and strategic goal: to compel modern democracies to withdraw military forces from territory that the terrorists consider to be their homeland.” As he wrote in “Dying to Win: The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism” (2005), what terrorists want is “to change policy,” often the policy of a faraway major power. Pape asserts that “offensive military action rarely works” against terrorism, so, in his view, the solution to the problem of terrorism couldn’t be simpler: withdraw.

Pape’s “nationalist theory of suicide terrorism” applies not just to Hamas and Hezbollah but also to Al Qaeda; its real goal, he says, is the removal of the U.S. military from the Arabian Peninsula and other Muslim countries. Pape says that “American military policy in the Persian Gulf was most likely the pivotal factor leading to September 11”; the only effective way to prevent future Al Qaeda attacks would be for the United States to take all its forces out of the Middle East.

02:24 25.04.2010
Dieser Beitrag gibt die Meinung des Autors wieder, nicht notwendigerweise die der Redaktion des Freitag.
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Schlesinger hat mich wieder an Reinhold Niebuhr erinnert.
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