Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 722 - Yemen War Mosaic 722

Yemen Press Reader 722: 1. März 2021: Wachsende Hungersnot im Jemen – Militärgeschichte des Jemen – Die Schlacht um Marib gefährdet die Zivilbevölkerung – und mehr
Bei diesem Beitrag handelt es sich um ein Blog aus der Freitag-Community

Eingebetteter Medieninhalt

March 1, 2021: Mounting starvation in Yemen – Military history of Yemen (in German) – Marib battle endangers civilians – and more

Schwerpunkte / Key aspects

Kursiv: Siehe Teil 2 / In Italics: Look in part 2: https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-722b-yemen-war-mosaic-722b

Klassifizierung / Classification

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Coronavirus und Seuchen / Most important: Coronavirus and epidemics

cp2 Allgemein / General

cp2a Allgemein: Saudische Blockade / General: Saudi blockade

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

cp6 Separatisten und Hadi-Regierung im Südjemen / Separatists and Hadi government in Southern Yemen

cp7 UNO und Friedensgespräche / UN and peace talks

cp8 Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

cp8a Jamal Khashoggi

cp9 USA

cp9a USA-Iran Krise: Spannungen am Golf / US-Iran crisis: Tensions at the Gulf

cp10 Großbritannien / Great Britain

cp11 Deutschland / Germany

cp12 Andere Länder / Other countries

cp12a Katar-Krise / Qatar crisis

cp13 Waffenhandel / Arms trade

cp15 Propaganda

cp16 Saudische Luftangriffe / Saudi air raids

cp17 Kriegsereignisse / Theater of War

cp18 Kampf um Hodeidah / Hodeidah battle

Klassifizierung / Classification

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**

*

(Kein Stern / No star)

? = Keine Einschatzung / No rating

A = Aktuell / Current news

B = Hintergrund / Background

C = Chronik / Chronicle

D = Details

E = Wirtschaft / Economy

H = Humanitäre Fragen / Humanitarian questions

K = Krieg / War

P = Politik / Politics

pH = Pro-Houthi

pS = Pro-Saudi

T = Terrorismus / Terrorism

Für wen das Thema ganz neu ist / Who is new to the subject

Ältere einführende Artikel u. Überblicke für alle, die mit den Ereignissen im Jemen noch nicht vertraut sind, hier:

Yemen War: Older introductory articles, overviews, for those who are still unfamiliar with the Yemen war here:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-einfuehrende-artikel-u-ueberblicke

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Audio: Seit mehreren Jahren bezeichnet die UN die Lage im Jemen als „schlimmste humanitäre Katastrophe der Welt“. Aber was sind die Ursachen des Krieges? Warum ist die Darstellung als „Bürgerkrieg“ falsch? Wer sind die Verantwortlichen für den Krieg? Welche Interessen verfolgen sie? Und welche Forderungen müssen wir als deutsche Friedensbewegung stellen?

Das Narrativ eines innerstaatlichen Konfliktes, das häufig als Erklärung für den Krieg im Jemen herhalten muss, ist für Jakob Reimann nicht zu halten. Im Interview zeichnet er die historischen Grundlagen des Konfliktes nach. Bereits seit der Staatsgründung Saudi-Arabiens kam es immer wieder zu Konflikten zwischen Saudi-Arabien und dem Jemen, in denen es im Wesentlichen darum geht, saudische Kontrolle im Jemen aufrecht zu erhalten und konkrete ökonomische Interessen an Land durchzusetzen. Eine faktische Grundlage für die Darstellung als Bürgerkrieg fehlt dagegen. Dass diese Erklärung, gerade auch aus Deutschland, dennoch immer wieder zu hören ist, hat ihm zufolge mit ökonomischen Interessen zu tun: Nur so ist es rechtlich legal weiterhin Waffen aus Deutschland nach Saudi-Arabien zu verkaufen.

Diese Waffen machen den Krieg erst möglich. Nur mit der Unterstützung der NATO-Staaten, kann die Kriegskoalition diesen Krieg überhaupt führen. Die mit Abstand größte Unterstützung kommt dabei aus den USA, wo die Regierung die Bevölkerung des Jemen geopfert hat, um nach dem Abschluss des Iran Deals die Regierung Saudi Arabiens zu beängstigen: Ein „Bauernopfer auf dem Schachbrett der internationalen Politik“. Diese Politik hat verheerende Folgen für die Bevölkerung des Jemen. Zu den direkten Kriegstoten und Vertriebenen müssen auch die Opfer der Blockadepolitik gerechnet werden, die an Hunger und behandelbaren Krankheiten sterben. Die größte Hungerkatastrophe der Welt wird gezielt als Kriegswaffe eingesetzt.

Mit ihrem Wissen und der Logistik profitieren auch deutsche Unternehmen täglich vom Krieg im Jemen. Es ist Aufgabe der Friedensbewegung hier Druck auf die Regierung auszuüben. Denn wie Jakob im Interview sagt: „Jeder Panzer der geliefert wird, jeder Eurojet der geliefert wird, jede Kugel, jede Granate trägt dazu bei, dass das Leid der Menschen im Jemen größer wird.

Jakob Reimann beschäftigt sich seit Jahren intensiv mit dem Krieg im Jemen, hält Vorträge und Workshops zu dem Thema und veröffentlichte zahlreiche Artikel zum Jemen Krieg unter anderem in der Jungen Welt, Analyse & Kritik, Middle East Eye oder der Graswurzelrevolution.

https://www.freie-radios.net/107363

cp1 Am wichtigsten / Most important

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Norwegian Refugee Council: “The families I’m meeting in Yemen are staring starvation in the eyes”

“I am deeply distressed by seeing first-hand how advanced the starvation has become in Yemen. It is infinitely worse today than when I visited three years ago. The families I’m meeting are staring starvation in the eyes – and for many it worsened when food rations had to be halved last year,” warned Jan Egeland, Secretary General of the Norwegian Refugee Council, on a week-long visit to Yemen.

“What is happening to the people of Yemen is unimaginably cruel. Aid groups are catastrophically underfunded and overstretched. The parties to this senseless war specialize in producing suffering and the weapon of choice is hunger.”

A major international pledging conference takes place today, 1 March, to raise much-needed funding for the world’s worst humanitarian crisis. The United Nations is appealing for almost US$4 billion dollars to revitalize the country’s fledging aid operation, and restore full food rations to nine million people.

Two years ago when Yemen was close to famine, governments – and particularly Gulf countries – dug deep and funded 80 per cent of Yemen’s aid appeal. This staved off starvation. Gulf nations have a responsibility to step up again today.

“It's outrageous that aid organisations have to beg and scrape the barrel to provide the bare minimum food to help keep Yemenis alive, when the countries who wage war and cause so much of the suffering are still willing to spend magnitudes more on the fighting,” said Egeland.

While an aid injection is vital to avert massive loss of lives to famine, it will not extinguish the suffering. Conflict is the main driver of pain and hunger in Yemen.

The number of conflict frontlines jumped dramatically last year, with dangerous escalations of violence in population centres like Marib. The fighting has decimated everything families need to survive: markets, water facilities, roads, bridges, schools and hospitals. It has pushed the economy into freefall. It has torn the health system to tatters. Fuel to pump water and power hospitals has been weaponized, and essential imports blocked or delayed.

“Gulf actors, particularly Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, the Yemeni parties on the ground and Iran, will all be instrumental to negotiating a ceasefire and an end to the conflict, which is the root cause of hunger in Yemen. But it begins with enough aid to stave off a complete collapse,” said Egeland.

Facts and figures:

4 million people have been displaced by the war since 2015.

66% of Yemen's population -- over 20 million people - need some form of aid.

Half the population - 16 million - will go hungry this year.

Over 5 million people are estimated to be one step away from famine.

Only half of health facilities and two-thirds of schools are currently functioning.

Water infrastructure is operating at less than 5 per cent efficiency.

The war has directly killed more than 100,000 people. Another 130,000 have died from "indirect causes" such as food shortages and health crises.

An average of one child dies every 10 minutesfrom preventable causes.

Funding cuts mean that 9 million people have had their food assistance halved, and 15 major cities are on reduced water supplies. NRC alone has had to cut food rations to 360,000 people.

Figure sources include: UNOCHA, UNICEF, the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) initiative, the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED), the World Food Program.

https://www.nrc.no/news/2021/march/the-families-im-meeting-in-yemen-are-staring-starvation-in-the-eyes/

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REPUBLIK JEMEN - MILITÄRGESCHICHTE

Das vereinte Jemen und seine Militärgeschichte von 1990 bis 2020

Die unabhängige jemenitische Nachrichtenorganisation Almasdar untersuchte die jemenitische Militärgeschichte und die sich - innen und von außen gegenüber stehenden Streitkräfte, mit ihren Ambitionen im Jemen bis zum Jahr 219. Der Originalartikel erschien am 03. Januar 2020 auf Al-Mastar-Online, wurde jedoch von Mathias Tretschog gekürzt. Die Abhandlungen Jemens Militärgeschichte vom 9. Jahrhundert bis 2019 wurden mit historischen Hintergrundinformationen aus internationalen Quellen ergänzt.

Um den Bürgerkrieg im Jemen mit Beginn des Arabischen Frühlings 2011, den Regierungswechsel von der 33 Jahre andauernden Regierungsära Saleh zu Hadi im Jahr 2012, den folgenden völkerrechtswidrigen Angriffskrieg und Ambitionen von Saudi Arabien mit seiner Kriegskoalition - unterstützt von beinahe allen NATO/EU-Ländern inkl. Australien, Malaysia, Indonesien, Brasilien bis Südkorea seit 26. März 2015 gegen den Jemen einigermaßen verstehen zu können, ist es wichtig die Entwicklung des Jemens von seiner Entstehung vor über 3.000 Jahren bis zur Vereinigung von Nord- und Südjemen 1990 zu betrachten.

Umstrukturierung des Militärs: Hadis schwierigste Herausforderung

Die Umstrukturierung des Militärs war eine wichtige Forderung nach Veränderungen der Jugend auf dem Sana'a-Platz und eine Hauptpriorität von Präsident Hadi, der die Beendigung der Spaltungen innerhalb des Militärs und die Schaffung einer einheitlichen Armee als dringend und notwendig ansah.

Im April 2012 startete Hadi den Umstrukturierungsprozess, indem er Teams bildete, um Vorschläge für Umstrukturierungen zu prüfen. Im Dezember 2012 erließ der neue Präsident eine Reihe von Dekreten zur Umstrukturierung der nationalen Streitkräfte. Durch die Dekrete wurden die republikanische Elite-Garde von Ahmed Saleh und die erste Panzerdivision von Ali Mohsen Al-Ahmar, die größte Militäreinheit des Landes, demontiert und die Umstrukturierung der Militärregionen angeordnet.

Die wichtigsten Dekrete entfernten Salehs Familienpatronage-Netzwerk vom Militär, ernannten Ali Mohsen Al-Ahmar zum Berater von Hadi für Verteidigungs- und Sicherheitsfragen und delegierte Ahmed Saleh als Botschafter in die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate. Der Befehlshaber der Luftwaffe, Muhammad Saleh Al-Ahmar, wurde zum Assistenten des Verteidigungsministers ernannt, während die Neffen von Saleh als Militärattaché und als Brigadeführer ernannt wurde.

Der Prozess der Umstrukturierung des Militärs und der Erhöhung seiner qualitativen Standards stand im Mittelpunkt einer der Arbeitsgruppen der Nationalen Dialogkonferenz (NDC), die als Forum zur Lösung der politischen Spaltungen des Landes nach den Aufständen fungierte.

Die Houthi-Rebellen – die sich 2011 dem Arabischen Frühling angeschlossen hatten, nahmen an der Dialogkonferenz teil. Sie hielten jedoch die Reformen des Militärs durch den NDC und die wirtschaftspolitischen Reformen - wie sie im Arabischen Frühling auf den Straßen gefordert wurden als nicht weitreichend genug. Auch gab es keine Anzeichen dafür, dass die enorme Korruption eingedämmt werden würde (Saleh hatte in seiner 32jahrigen Amtszeit ~ 60 Mrd. US-Doller hinterzogen). Das Präsidialgremium genehmigte zwar den Entwurf von Hadi für eine Bundesverfassung, um den Beschwerden von Houthi und dem Süden Rechnung zu tragen, aber die Houthis lehnten den Deal ab.

Die Houthi-Rebellen und des Expräsidenten Salehs treue Republikanische Garde

Die Houthi-Rebellen profitierten von der Spaltung des Militärs und nutzten die Unbeliebtheit der neuen Regierung im Volk aus, um Hadi mit Teilen Saleh-loyaler Militäreinheiten zu stürzen und nahmen im September 2014 erfolgreich die Hauptstadt Sanaa ein.

Die Houthi-Rebellen trieben ihre Gebietseroberungen von Saada aus über Sanaa in Richtung der Bezirke Hajjah, Al-Jawf und Amran weiter. Mitte 2014 führten die Houthis einen entscheidenden Kampf gegen die 310. Brigade in Amran, die von Brigadegeneral Hamid Al-Qushaibi - einem der bekanntesten Militärs des Jemens, kommandiert wurde. Al-Qushaibi war bekannt für seine enge Verbindung mit General Ali Mohsen Al-Ahmar, der durch Hadi von seinem Posten als Leiter der 1. Panzerdivision abgezogen worden war und mittlerweile als Berater des Präsidenten für Verteidigungs- und Sicherheitsfragen fungierte.

Nach einem viermonatigen Kampf gelang es den Houthi-Rebellen, die Stadt Amran einzunehmen und die 310. Brigade zu besiegen. Sie posteten Fotos von Al-Qushaibis Stuhl voller Kugeln und schickten eine Nachricht an Beamte der Hadi-Regierung. Die Ermordung von Al-Qushaibi war ein schwerer Schlag für die Regierung in ihrer Konfrontation mit den Houthis-Rebellen. Zu dieser Zeit gab es Kontroversen über die Rolle von Hadis Verteidigungsminister Muhammad Nasser Ahmed, dem Absprachen mit den Houthis vorgeworfen wurden. Diejenigen im Militär, die Saleh treu blieben, waren ein entscheidender Faktor für die Neutralisierung jeglicher militärischer Bemühungen, um die Reste 310. Brigade zu retten. Andere Einheiten der jemenitischen Armee spielten am Stadtrand von Amran, eine sehr zurückhaltende Rolle.

Die militärische Situation der Houthi-Volkskommitees

Seit die Houthis 2014 ihren Angriff auf Amran begannen, nannten sie ihre Streitkräfte die Volkskomitees. Nach der Übernahme der Hauptstadt wurden die Streitkräfte als Militär- und Volkskomitees bezeichnet. Nachdem Hadi aus Sana'a geflohen war, behielten die Houthis die bestehende militärischen Einrichtungen bei.

Es ist äußerst schwierig, Informationen über die Zusammensetzung der Houthis-Streitkräfte zu erhalten. Als Beamte der Military Manpower Authority (Behörde für militärische Arbeitskräfte) verließen Regierungssoldaten die Reihen der von Hadi geführten Regierung weitgehend und schlossen sich den Houthis an. Einige Streitkräfte verließen den Jemen komplett. Der Houthi-Sicherheitsapparat legt seine Autorität gegenüber allen Personen in seinen Reihen fest und überwacht sie genau, um die Vertraulichkeit der Bewegungen und Informationen der Gruppe zu gewährleisten.

Die Houthis behielten die Fassade eines professionellen Militärs und Struktur bei, welche die Hadi-Regierung während ihrer Amtszeit in Sana'a genutzt hatte, um Gegner mit der Größe einzuschüchtern und die erfahrenen Militärexperten zu disziplinieren, die in Sana'a blieben. 2017 ernannten die Houthis ihre prominentesten Kommandeure zu Befehlshabern von Militärregionen, drängten sie an die Spitze und ordneten das Operationsspektrum nach ihrer eigenen Vision neu. Die durch die Restrukturierungsverordnungen von 2012 genehmigte Aufteilung wurde nicht vollständig eingehalten.

Laut zwei militärischen Quellen, die beim von Houthi geführten Militär in Sana'a arbeiten, liegt die Zahl der tatsächlichen Houthi-Streitkräfte bei fast 200.000, von denen 130.000 seit Beginn der von Saudi-Arabien geführten Intervention rekrutiert wurden. Die Houthis haben geheime Militäreinheiten, über die fast nichts bekannt ist. Sie werden die Special Ansar Allah Brigaden genannt. Nach Angaben von Almasdar Online gehören zu den bekanntesten Brigaden die Al-Hadi-Brigade, die Al-Qasim-Brigade, die Imam-Zaid-Brigade und die Al-Ayani-Brigade sowie die Brigaden Nasr 1, Nasr 2, Nasr 3 und Nasr 4.

Es gibt auch Elite-Houthi-Streitkräfte, die als Special Forces bekannt sind. Sie werden Berichten zufolge direkt vom obersten Befehlshaber des politischen Rates, Abdul-Malik Al-Houthi, ausgewählt und direkt von ihm kommandiert. Sie werden in den Houthi-Medien nur erwähnt, wenn ihre Führer getötet werden, um ihnen zu gedenken. Zu diesen Kräften gehören laut Quellen die besten Kämpfer der Gruppe und unterliegen einem intensivierten religiösen Aus- und Weiterbildungsprogramm. Nach den von Almasdar Online erhaltenen Unterlagen gehören zu diesen Streitkräften etwa 3.500 bis 5.000 Kämpfer, die als Elite der Mudschaheddin bezeichnet werden, und sie führen spezielle Operationen an den Fronten durch.

Als Präsident Hadi aus Sana'a floh, nahm er die s. g. Präsidentenschutzbrigaden mit. Die Houthis gründeten auch mehrere Brigaden, die Präsidentschaftsschutzbrigaden in Sana'a, die mit Abdul-Khaliq Al-Houthi verbunden sind. Der stellvertretende Leiter des Exekutivbüros der Gruppe gab auch den Namen „Unterstützer Brigaden“ bekannt, als er der Ermordung eines ihrer Kommandeure sein Beileid aussprach. Dies war das erste Mal, dass sie öffentlich erwähnt wurden. Darüber hinaus haben die Houthis Brigaden unter dem Kommando von Scheichs und anderen bemerkenswerten Persönlichkeiten gebildet, die in der Lage sind, große Unterstützung zu mobilisieren, wie die Al-Mahwit-Brigade, die vom Stammesführer Hanin Qattinah, der Wahbi-Brigade in Al-Baydha und der Shaheri Brigade die Ibb überwacht.

Die militärische Situation der Hadi-Regierung

In Marib führte der „Widerstand der Bevölkerung“ im Bündnis mit der 3. Militärregion, die die Militäreinsätze in Marib und Shabwa überwacht, und den bewaffneten Brigaden in Marib eine Offensive gegen die Houthis an. Zu diesen Brigaden gehörten die 14. Panzerbrigade unter Brigadegeneral Mohsen Al-Da'ari und die 312. Brigade unter Brigadegeneral Abd Al-Rab Al-Shaddadi sowie die 107. Brigade unter Brigadegeneral Khaled Yaslam. Die Unterstützung für diese Einheiten nahm nach der Intervention der von Saudi-Arabien geführten arabischen Koalition am 26. März 2015 zu.

Die Armee bildete eine Reihe von Brigaden in den südlichen Provinzen, darunter die 141. Brigade unter Brigadegeneral Hashem al-Ahmar, die 314. Brigade, die 21. mechanisierte Brigade, die 25. Brigade und die 101. Infanterie-Brigade. Die Militärbrigaden in den Gouvernements Hadhramaut und Al-Mahra nahmen laut Al-Maqdashi, der im Mai 2015 zum Stabschef des Militärs ernannt worden war, nicht am Krieg teil, bevor er 2018 zum Verteidigungsminister ernannt wurde. Die von Hadi geführte Regierung begann offiziell mit der Schaffung eines Rahmens für den Wiederaufbau des Militärs, und Generalmajor Abd Al-Rab Al-Shaddadi wurde im April 2015 zum Kommandeur der 3. Region ernannt. Ali Mohsen wurde zum stellvertretenden Oberbefehlshaber der Streitkräfte ernannt.

Laut einem Brigadegeneral, der in der Operationsabteilung des Nationalen Militärs arbeitet, wurden zusätzliche Einheiten gebildet, die aufgrund dringender Bedürfnisse nicht auf der vorherigen militärischen Struktur beruhten. Diese Einheiten stehen unter dem Kommando des Stabschefs. Nach Angaben des Verteidigungsministers gibt es in der von Hadi geführten Regierung ungefähr 320.000 Militärangehörige.

Al-Magdashi skizzierte die Hindernisse für die Umstrukturierung des Militärs während eines andauernden Krieges und teilte Almasdar Online mit, dass es nicht genügend Ausbildungszeiträume und professionell qualifizierte Streitkräfte gebe.

„Wir haben mit dem Aufbau des Militärs begonnen ... aber die Schlachten, wie es heißt, verzehren alle Ressourcen und wir konnten nicht in der erforderlichen Weise ausbilden und qualifizieren. Zu Beginn waren Ausbildung und Qualifikation stark, aber der Bedarf an Soldaten ist aufgrund der Wildheit des Krieges und der Erweiterung des Einsatzbereichs dringend."

Das Militär und der Widerstand der Bevölkerung machten 2015 und 2016 große Fortschritte an der Front. So konnten sie die Houthis vom Stadtrand von Marib bis zu den Bergen des Distrikts Serwah im Westen, 40 km von Marib City, dem Stadtrand von Al-. Baydha im Süden zurück drängen.

In den vergangenen zwei Jahren hat der STC de facto die Provinzen Aden, Lahj, Abyan, al-Dhalia und einen Teil von Shebwa kontrolliert und die Autorität von Hadi und den Houthis in Frage gestellt. Die Sicherheitsgürtelstreitkräfte des STC, deren Zahl auf rund 90.000 Kämpfer geschätzt wird, haben Aden Anfang August 2019 von den Pro-Hadi-Streitkräften beschlagnahmt. Im typisch jemenitischen Stil wurden die besiegten Streitkräfte weder entwaffnet noch festgenommen. Mindestens 38 Menschen wurden in drei Tagen des Kampfes getötet, bevor die von Saudi-Arabien geführte Koalition und die VAE die Rückkehr der Stadt zur regierungstreuen Kontrolle vermittelten.

Die STC-Führer bekräftigten, dass der Rat immer noch Teil der Anti-Houthi-Koalition ist und dies auch bleiben wird, aber die saudi-emiratischen Bemühungen, die Separatisten und Hadi, die seit März 2015 im Exil in der saudischen Hauptstadt Riad leben, zu versöhnen, waren bisher vergebens.

Der Krieg auf dem Territorium Jemens wird mit Einheiten der regulären jemenitischen Armee unter Führung des Expräsidenten Hadi, separatistischen paramilitärischen STC/Saudi/Emirati-Söldner-Einheiten in Zusammenarbeit mit Al Qaida und Spezialkommandos ausländischer Geheimdienste bzw. Armeen gegen die Houthi-Kämpfer geführt.

Paramilitärische Einheiten, Söldner, Separatisten und Al Qaida

Parallel zum Wiederaufbau des Hadi-Militärs haben Saudi-Arabien und die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate im Jemen seit 2015, fast 60 neue Einheiten, Brigaden und Bataillone paramilitärischer Einheiten und Widerstandsgruppen aufgestellt, so ein Beamter, der im Hadi-Präsidialamt arbeitet. Die Kommandeure dieser neuen Einheiten wurden aus salafistischen Anführern (Al-Qaida) und Stammes-Scheichs ausgewählt. Diese Paramilitärs sind formal nicht Teil der jemenitischen Armee unter Hadi, sondern werden von den Saudis und den VAE finanziell und administrativ kontrolliert. Hadis Verteidigungsminister Magdashi sagte, während es Sache des Präsidenten und der politischen Führung des Jemens ist zu entscheiden, was mit diesen Einheiten zu tun ist - die außerhalb des Hadi-Militärs existieren, "werden sie als Miliz betrachtet", solange sie nicht integriert sind.

SAUDI ARABIEN

Die Brigaden und Einheiten, die Saudi-Arabien überwacht, beschränken sich auf diejenigen entlang ihrer Grenze zum Jemen, insbesondere auf die Gebiete, die an die Provinzen Saada und Al-Jawf grenzen.

VEREINIGTE ARABISCHE EMIRATE

Die von den VAE eingerichteten Streitkräfte konzentrieren sich auf die südlichen Provinzen. Sie wurden ab Mitte 2015 als eigenständige Einheiten gegründet. Diese von den VAE finanzierten und ausgebildeten Streitkräfte beteiligten sich auch an der Befreiung Aden von den Houthis-Rebellen.

SÜDLICHER ÜBERGANGSRAT - SEPARATISTEN

Die VAE gründeten im Mai 2017 den Southern Transitional Council (STC), der als politische Dachorganisation fungiert. Diese Einheiten wurden der Führung des STC als Logistik- und Unterstützungskräfte unterstellt.

Die VAE und Tariq Saleh – der Neffe des Ex-Präsidenten Saleh

Anfang 2018 floh Tariq Saleh nach einer Niederlage seines Onkels und Ermordung des Expräsidenten Saleh durch die Houthi-Rebellen aus Sana'a. Die Streitkräfte der VAE empfingen Tariq in Aden und unterstützten ihn beim Aufbau neuer Streitkräfte und beim Kampf gegen die Houthis. Nach vier Monaten wurden Tariqs Streitkräfte von Aden nach Mocca versetzt, um sich den Operationen anzuschließen, die zur Befreiung von Hodeidah stattfanden. Tariq Saleh hat bis heute die Legitimität von Präsident Hadi nicht anerkannt und wird weiterhin von den VAE unterstützt.

Im Juli 2019 haben die VAE die an der Westküste kämpfenden Streitkräfte unter dem Namen Joint Forces zusammengelegt. Dazu gehörten die Republikanischen Streitkräfte unter Führung von Tariq Saleh, die Southern Giants und der Tuhami-Widerstand.

Söldner Saudi Arabiens und der VAE im Jemen

Was in dem ausführlichen Artikel von Al-Mastar nicht erwähnt wurde und somit Tausende Söldner nicht mit in das militärische Kräfteverhältnis eingerechnet sind, sind die von den Saudis und Emiraten angeheuerten Söldner aus den USA, Frankreich, Großbritannien, Australien, Sudan, Senegal, Mauretanien, Kolumbien, Ecuador, Chile, El Salvador, Panama, Südafrika und Pakistan, die als Piloten über Jemens Städte und Dörfer Kampfeinsätze fliegen und Bomben abwerfen oder am Boden – zuvor in israelischen Trainingslagern ausgebildet, gegen die Houthi-Kämpfer in die Schlachten geführt werden – von Naif Al-Qodasi, Adnan Al-Jabrani, übersetzt, bearbeitet und ergänzt von Mathias Tretschog

https://www.krieg-im-jemen.de/jemens-entwicklung-1990-2020/

Original version in English (Jan. 3, 2021): https://al-masdaronline.net/national/915

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Yemen’s Fate Hinges on The Battle for Marib

The strategic importance of Marib to the Houthis, the IRG (internationally-recognized government), and the whole of Yemen cannot be underestimated, and the stakes could not be higher for all parties involved in Yemen’s interlocking wars. If the Houthis succeed in taking Marib governorate and its capital, the IRG will be dealt a blow from which it may not recover. The IRG’s further diminishment will fundamentally alter the political terrain in Yemen at a time when other important regional political shifts are underway. The fate of Marib will, in many respects, decide the fate of Yemen for years to come.

Military Overreach in Marib

While capturing Marib has long been a priority for the Houthis, the Biden administration’s policy and changing regional dynamics altered the cost-benefit equation for the Houthi leadership. The Houthis previously circulated an offer to the IRG on Marib in lieu of a renewed offensive. The offer, which included nine points ranging from the IRG agreeing to not use Marib as a base for military operations to revenue sharing from oil sales, was refused by the IRG months ago. [1] Now that the offensive is underway, the Houthis have replaced this formal offer with more traditional ad-hoc negotiations through tribal elites.

The Houthi leadership believes that if the Houthis take Marib city and most of the governorate, their position as the preeminent political and military power in Yemen will be secure ahead of anticipated negotiations. However, substantial risks accompany the offensive in Marib. Since taking up positions on the outskirts of Marib city, the advance of the Houthis has slowed or become static in many areas

Houthis’ Shortages of Men and Money

The Houthis face two primary obstacles, both of which are being exacerbated by the fight for Marib: first, they cannot replace fighters fast enough; and, second, their revenue and cash shortages are severe. The shortage of fighters, especially well-trained ones, is acute, and has become even more so over the last six months.

Yemen’s Internationally Recognized Government’s Last Stand

As Marib is the de-facto capital of Yemen’s internationally recognized government, the loss of Marib would be a fatal blow for IRG President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi’s government. While the IRG has contingency plans, including a retreat to parts of the Hadramawt governorate to the east, the loss of Marib could precipitate sweeping shifts in loyalty. Yemenis from all sides of the conflict would recognize that the pendulum of power has swung decisively in favor of the Houthis.

The Houthis are not the only force in Yemen that would benefit from the demise of the IRG.

While the STC is not directly involved in the fight against the Houthis in Marib, the battle is attracting Salafist militias from the south. These militias and their commanders are loosely allied with the STC. Their motivation to fight the Houthis stems more from a religious antipathy to the Houthis as Zaidi Shi’a than it does to any loyalty to the STC or the IRG. [6] Salafi-inspired militias, many of which have some overlap with more radical groups like AQAP, have long been welcomed by those tribes battling the Houthis.

Some indications also exist that Tariq Saleh, the nephew of Yemen’s former president Ali Abdullah Saleh, is providing limited support to the IRG in its fight to retain Marib.

If coordination between Yemen’s anti-Houthi forces increases, the IRG and its tribal allies may hold Marib city. While the Houthis are still the most formidable fighting force in Yemen, they are in danger of being militarily over-extended.

Yemen’s Outlook

While their enemies and regional foes have consistently underestimated their military capabilities, the Houthis may be in danger of overestimating their own abilities. The offensive in Marib is pushing the Houthis up against their limits with respect to military and political power. The shift in U.S. policy has, however, emboldened the Houthis, and likely contributed to their decision to renew their offensive in Marib. This may be a miscalculation because if the Houthis do succeed in taking Marib, there will be dire humanitarian costs.

As the Houthis grapple with a humanitarian crisis caused by their offensive, they will be hard pressed to maintain consistent control of Marib. Even if they are able to make deals with some tribal elites, many tribes will continue to fight. The Houthis may then face an insurgency within an insurgency at a time when they have drawn down their reserves of men and financial resources.

The most likely scenario for the battle in Marib is a stalemate between the Houthis and the IRG. The Houthi offensive, which appeared to be unstoppable a week ago, is now static.

A stalemate may be the best-case scenario for now. The IRG can claim to have fought off the Houthis and saved the city, which is as important for the IRG as it is for Yemen as a whole. Marib city is one of the places in Yemen that point toward a viable future. The IRG, local government, and tribal elites have worked together to build and re-build functioning state and local institutions from the ground up.

For their part, the Houthis may be forced to realize that there are limits to their military capabilities. The leadership might learn that compromise must be a part of their political and strategic toolkit if they want respect from the international community – by Michael Horton

https://jamestown.org/program/yemens-fate-hinges-on-the-battle-for-marib/

cp1a Am wichtigsten: Coronavirus und Seuchen / Most important: Coronavirus and epidemics

(* A H)

16 new cases of COVID-19 reported, 2,285 in total

http://en.adenpress.news/news/32361

(A H)

2 new cases of COVID-19 reported, 2,269 in total

http://en.adenpress.news/news/32352

(A H)

12 new cases of COVID-19 reported, 2267 in total

http://en.adenpress.news/news/32337

and also https://debriefer.net/en/news-23420.html

(B H)

Emergency response in Yemen: WHO and the Government of Japan's fight against high-threat infectious pathogens

With the generous US$ 363 636 contribution from the Government of Japan, WHO has been able to implement a comprehensive disease prevention and control programme to combat high-threat infectious pathogens in the country.

Within the project timeframe, WHO provided life-saving medications to the population affected by diphtheria, including internally displaced communities and host communities. A total of 24 309 diphtheria patients and their contacts across Yemen were reached with essential diphtheria medication. Twenty health facilities were supported with diphtheria medication to ensure essential medication for vulnerable people.

http://www.emro.who.int/yemen/news/emergency-response-in-yemen-who-and-the-government-of-japans-fight-against-high-threat-infectious-pathogens.html?format=html

cp2 Allgemein / General

(* A K P)

Interactive Map of Yemen War

https://yemen.liveuamap.com/

(* A K)

MILITARY SITUATION IN YEMEN ON FEBRUARY 28 and 27, 2021 (MAP UPDATEs)

https://southfront.org/saudi-arabia-kills-five-civilians-including-child-and-woman-in-airstrike-on-yemen-map-update/

https://southfront.org/military-situation-in-yemen-on-february-27-2021-map-update/

(B K P)

Why Sana'a Escalate Operations in Marib, Saudi Arabia?

It seems that the decision to end the battle in Marib has been taken. This is what was suggested by an exceptional military meeting that included the leadership of the Military Intelligence Authority and leaders of the Ministry of Defense a few days ago in the capital, Sana'a.

Washington may approach the issue diplomatically and politically after reaching the conviction that the military choice is no longer useful and fruitful, and that resolving in favor of Washington and its allies has become impossible in a brutal war that is about to enter its seventh year after a month and a half from now.

The US estimate is based, perhaps, on reviewing the failure of the past six years.

However, this bet and miscalculation was crushed with various facts. The historical and mythical Yemeni steadfastness prevented any military, popular, political and diplomatic achievement which pushed Obama at the end of his reign to change his mind.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/18011/Why-Sana-a-Escalate-Operations-in-Marib%2C-Saudi-Arabia%3F

My remark: A Houthi viewpoint. And also this:

(B K P)

Saudi Regime Loses Its Strong Hold in Marib

In addition to the military battle led by Sanaa's forces in Marib, there is an equally important battle, which is the battle of awareness. Saudi Arabia uses its preferred weapons which is sectarian incitement, playing on regional disparities.

It is a method that is always used when failing on the ground, and it is repeated today in Marib, invoking slogans such as “defending Mecca and the Companions of the Prophet”.

Accordingly, it is not surprising that Daesh and Al-Qaedah are fighting in the battle alongside the kingdom in Marib, not to mention that it is not a coincidence that Al Qaeda has taken the governorate as a base or starting point to the rest of the governorates.

Saudi Arabia mobilizes its various agencies to incite the tribes to fight the Yemeni Army and the Popular Committees. The Saudi princes and senior officers exploit their historical relations with tribal leaders. They also threaten to bomb their homes if they do not comply with their orders.

In this context, the media affiliated with the Hadi government admitted that Saudi warplanes raided many armed groups during their withdrawal from the field in this battle, justifying that it was a mistake.

Tensions are increasing between the coalition and some tribes, due to the imposition of forced conscription on their sons who refuse to fight in the losing battles of Saudi Arabia.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/18010/Saudi-Regime-Loses-Its-Strong-Hold-in-Marib

(* B K P)

Yemeni activist Radhya Al-Mutawakel discusses the future of her country at FAS event

The Foreign Affairs Symposium (FAS) hosted Radhya Al-Mutawakel on Feb. 24 to discuss her ongoing work against the Yemeni Crisis. Al-Mutawakel was the first speaker of the 2021 FAS, themed “Where Do We Go From Here?” The event was moderated by FAS Co-Directors Ryan Ebrahimy and Margaret Hanson.

Al-Mutawakel described the pitfalls that led to the Yemeni Crisis.

“[Yemen] used to have small wars here and there, but at the same time we used to have diversity in political parties, media and civil society. We used to have elections, fake ones, but still elections,“ she said. “There was a huge collapse of the state, and Yemen is [now] controlled by armed groups.”

The crisis in Yemen escalated in 2015 and has since become the world’s largest humanitarian crisis. According to the United Nations (UN), 24.1 million people are in need of aid due to famine, lack of public services including sanitation, water shortages and needs for shelter.

Junior Husain Hakim stressed that Al-Mutawakel’s talk deepened his understanding of the ongoing conflict.

“One thing that stood out to me was her mention of there being no ‘good guys’ in the Yemeni conflict,” he said. “Her perspective showed me that there is blood on all parties’ hands, which taught me that the crisis is extremely complex and not so black and white.”

Al-Mutawakel discussed the steps that the Biden administration has taken to remedy the situation in Yemen, which she said was unique compared to actions taken by past administrations.

“It is a huge shift. It's not only that they said they will stop supporting the war, but they also appointed a special envoy to Yemen, so it shows another level of engagement,” she said. “I'm very optimistic, but still need a lot of work [for it] to become a real effect.”

“None of the parties to the conflict are really strong. They have all failed to win,“ she said. “Yemeni people are very peaceful, and they believe strongly in the role of law,“ she said. “I love Yemen. Sometimes I don't know why, but it's my country, and I'm sure that if you have the chance to visit Yemen then you will love it very much.”

https://www.jhunewsletter.com/article/2021/02/yemeni-activist-radhya-al-mutawakel-discusses-the-future-of-her-country-at-fas-event

(* B K P)

Keine politische Lösung in Sicht

Jemen: US-Sonderbeauftragter spricht mit Golfstaaten, aber nicht mit Iran. Kämpfe halten an

Zwar hat der neue US-Präsident Joseph Biden kurz nach Amtsübernahme angekündigt, den von Saudi-Arabien und den Vereinigten Arabischen Emiraten angeführten Angriffskrieg nicht mehr unterstützen zu wollen. Eine klare Definition der »neuen« Jemen-Politik der US-Administration fehlt allerdings. Der neue US-Sonderbeauftragte für das Land, Timothy Lenderking, reist zwar aktuell durch die Golfmonarchien, zu denen er aufgrund langjähriger diplomatischer Tätigkeiten enge Verbindungen unterhält. Anders als der UN-Sondergesandte für den Jemen, Martin Griffiths, der vor drei Wochen erstmals auch im Iran Gespräche führte, hat Lenderking für Teheran aber bislang lediglich Schuldzuweisungen und Ermahnungen übrig. Das Außenministerium der seit Jahren nicht mehr demokratisch legitimierten »Regierung« wird derweil nicht müde, die Ansarollah (»Huthi«) zu diffamieren, und Verhandlungen über einen neuerlichen Gefangenenaustausch zwischen beiden Seiten sind gerade erst gescheitert.

https://www.jungewelt.de/artikel/397358.kireg-im-jemen-keine-politische-l%C3%B6sung-in-sicht.html

(B P)

United Nations: press freedom situation "deeply worrying" in Yemen, according to RSF

During a UN Human Rights Council interactive dialogue given by the group of eminent and regional experts on Yemen on 25 February, Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemned the violations of journalists’ rights by all parties to the war and renewed its call for the release of detained journalists and stressed the obligation under international humanitarian law to protect journalists not participating in the hostilities.

The oral intervention by Sabrina Bennoui, RSF’s head of Middle East desk, during this inter-active dialogue is appended below:

https://rsf.org/en/news/united-nations-press-freedom-situation-deeply-worrying-yemen-according-rsf

(* B K P)

The Guardian view on the Yemen war: US needs deeds, not just words, to make peace

Joe Biden’s team should put things right because as part of the Obama administration they provided cover for the Saudi/UAE-led campaign

One can only make peace with one’s enemies. If diplomacy is back, as the US president claims, then diplomats need to be able to talk to foes as well as friends.

Probably out of the loop for some time will be Mohammed bin Salman, the Saudi crown prince, whom US intelligence holds complicit in the gruesome murder of the journalist Jamal Khashoggi. He, along with the UAE’s Mohammed bin Zayed, conceived the war, played the west off against Moscow to secure UN cover for the carnage and then occupied strategically important pieces of Yemeni real estate. Boris Johnson, who courted the Saudi royal during the Trump years, will need to move quickly if Britain, without strategic allies in Europe after Brexit, is to play a constructive role in its former colony. This cannot be lightly dismissed as a pang of regret: Mr Johnson’s diplomats at the UN are “pen holders” in the security council, in charge of drafting resolutions on Yemen.

The Houthis’ new offensive in Marib and their drone attacks into Saudi Arabia underline just how badly Riyadh and Abu Dhabi underestimated the group’s strength. Mr Biden’s team should put things right because, whether they like it or not, as part of the Obama administration they provided military, logistical and diplomatic cover for the Saudi/UAE-led campaign.

The west’s interest must be now to stabilise Yemen and put in place a durable political process.

Mr Biden cannot solve Yemen’s problems. But he can, and he should, bring together Yemenis to do so.

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2021/feb/26/the-guardian-view-on-the-yemen-war-us-needs-deeds-not-just-words-to-make-peace

(* B K P)

Saudis going along with Biden's shift in Yemen policy for now, but there are other challenges

So far, Saudi Arabia hasn't voiced any resistance to the Biden administration's change in tack in Yemen policy, despite losing direct military support for its war against the Houthis, who are backed by its chief rival, Iran.

But the Houthis have only stepped up their fight.

The latest round of negotiations — modestly aimed at carrying out an exchange of prisoners that was agreed by both sides last year — has failed to yield any meaningful results.

More ominously, the U.N. said earlier this month that the Houthis had reneged on their earlier agreement to let an international team of engineers access a decrepit oil tanker moored off the coast of Yemen.

The Houthis blamed the U.N. for the delayed mission, but also noted Washington's "hostile" attitude toward the group and said they had a duty to ensure there was no undeclared connection between the U.N. team and Washington.

Denmark-based security intelligence group Risk Intelligence said this week that "Houthi attacks outside of Yemen have become more frequent, with at least 17 attacks this month, and Saudi Arabia claiming to have intercepted all drones sent to attack it."

The Biden administration has been quick to condemn the Houthi attacks, and State Department spokesman Ned Price reiterated a warning to the group this week

The Biden administration has been quick to condemn the Houthi attacks, and State Department spokesman Ned Price reiterated a warning to the group this week.

The mood in Riyadh

Despite the continuing condemnation of the Houthi's actions, the stark change in policy under Mr. Biden after four years of extremely close ties and staunch backing from Donald Trump has left some in the Saudi capital concerned that they're being abandoned by their long-time ally, especially with the looming publication of a report expected to see the U.S. blame the murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi on Saudi Arabia's powerful Crown Prince, Mohammed bin Salman.

"There is a perception that the new team in the White House wants to punish some of its allies in the region because of the special relationship they had with the previous U.S. administration," Saudi political scientist Dr. Hesham Alghannam told CBS News.

Alghannam, a senior research fellow at the Gulf Research Center, Cambridge, said that Washington should be wary of completely alienating its long-time partner in the Middle East.

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/saudi-arabia-yemen-united-states-biden-houthis-khashoggi-report/

(* B H K)

I am a young person growing up in Yemen’s civil war. This is my story.

In the second instalment of our series spotlighting life in humanitarian crises, Victor Jack speaks with Yasser Ahmed, a 20-year old Yemeni student who describes the traumas, poverty and declining hope facing young people after six years of civil war

Yasser Ahmed is like any other 20-year old. He studies hard at university, hangs out with his friends and enjoys a good cycle. But as far back as he can remember, Yasser has lived under the shadow of civil war, described by the UN as the world’s “worst humanitarian crisis”.

On New Years Eve, the latest round of explosive shells came raining down on Yemen’s capital, Sanaa, thundering down across the city.

“This is Yemen,” says Yasser, “we are used to it”.

Yasser was 13 years old when the Houthis took control of the Sanaa. While he lost a year of education as the conflict forced schools to shut between 2015-2016, he is now in the first year of his undergraduate degree at one of Sanaa’s top universities.

“I cannot say if life was better before 2014 because we were children. But many things were here, like electricity, petrol and gas,” he says. “Now sometimes you have to wait for three or four days for water.”

Like an estimated 40% of Yemen’s population, his family’s primary source of income dried up when the conflict began, as his father lost his job in the tourist industry which has imploded.

Yet Yasser admits he is one of the lucky ones.

“Some Yemenis live a tough life, working more than 15 hours [a day], and it’s not enough for basic food,” he says.

While 13.5mn people in Yemen were faced with severe food shortages last year, Yasser’s family is able to purchase food largely due to support from remittances sent by his family in Turkey and the UK.

“There is enough food, but everyone cannot buy it. Only the rich can buy it, while poor people wait for NGOs to give them food.”

When the conflict first escalated, Yasser recounts how terrifying everyday life was.

“While we were studying, you would hear bombs and suddenly they would stop teaching”, he adds, remembering how students and teachers would then rush to take shelter somewhere in the school building.

“We were scared,” he says.

At the most intense point in the Saudi bombing effort in 2016, Yasser remembers losing a classmate. “One of the bombs got him,” he says. “They didn’t find his whole body – they found only parts, and that was it.”

“But now after years in the same war, we’ve become used to it,” Yasser argues. “We don’t react anymore.”

“The opportunities for young people decreased,” he says. “Young people in Yemen have their own projects – they are clever, they are smart, they can do many things – our country doesn’t own them.”

Where young people do find jobs, Yasser says, they are often menial and underpaid – receiving wages of around $50 a month.

They are also being pushed out by a culture that fails to appreciate or reward young people’s ambitions. “They don’t value you for the things you are doing,” he says, arguing he himself plans to pursue a Master’s degree in Turkey.

“[But] if we lose them, we are damaging the city,” he admits, emphasising how reliant Sanaa is on the grassroots-community charity work done by its youth. “They should contain the young people”.

By now, Yasser argues, Yemenis have almost lost hope for a response from the international community.

“There is no international response,” he says, “there is no justice”.

“We hope it will finish and we can return to our normal life,” says Yasser, but admits his family is becoming increasingly resigned to the fact this may never happen.

“We are thinking about leaving Yemen, because we cannot lead a normal life”

https://www.varsity.co.uk/interviews/20675

cp2a Saudische Blockade / Saudi blockade

(* B H K P)

Statements of the US and all its humanitarian organizations are seen by Yemenis as obvious lies! Because they hear those statements while seeing #Yemen's oil imports held by the US pirate! #USADetainsOilShips3

Fuel supplies were cut off for +1,225 garbage trucks, leading #Yemen to a multiplied the current health crisis due to the accumulation of waste and the spread of epidemics

Since oil ships prohibited from entering #Yemen are detained off the Saudi port of Jazan and are, any demand to stop operations towards the Saudi depth is absurd and worthless!

Outbreaks of diseases and epidemics and the cessation of water and sanitation is just around the corner in Yemen, with the continuation of the US blockade on fuel headed to #Yemen

Health, Electricity, Water, and all basic lives requirements needs fuel .. THE US PIRACY ON FUEL SHIPMENTS HEADED TO #Yemen MUST STOP

The US warships are still holding 14 fuel ships bound for #Yemen up to moment, although all ships had obtained UNVIM permits! Seizure period of the 1st ships reached up to 10 months The US is causing the worst fuel crisis in Yemen!

EXCLUSIVELY IN #YEMEN ! Even ambulances need to be rescued with fuel urgently in Yemen, due to the US blockade on the country!

Food supplies in #Yemen are facing a near collapse, +2000 heavy-duty truck loaded with food has stopped in #Hodiedah western #Yemen due to the ongoing blockade carried out by the US warships (photos, films)

Imagine 2,000 FOOD-LOADED TRUCKS that were supposed to deliver food to women & children, parked waiting for fuel! #USA is knowingly causing the humanitarian crisis #Yemen is undergoing by its oil ships seizure!

https://twitter.com/Fatikr/status/1366145366572294149

https://twitter.com/Fatikr/status/1366145232799203332

https://twitter.com/Fatikr/status/1366145197890015238

https://twitter.com/Fatikr/status/1366145151643643908

https://twitter.com/Fatikr/status/1366145105695019019

https://twitter.com/Fatikr/status/1366145086564823040

https://twitter.com/Fatikr/status/1366145056596500480

https://twitter.com/Fatikr/status/1366144833899945987

https://twitter.com/GhalebM0nz1i7/status/1366095553872953346

(* A H K)

Several hospitals in Sana’a shut down due to fuel crisis

A number of hospitals in the capital Sana’a declared on Sunday that their medical services would be stopped due to the lack of fuel.

In a news statement, Dr. Mutahar Al-Marouni, Director of the Public Health Office in the capital, called on the World Health Organisation, UNICEF and other international organisations to provide oil derivatives to hospitals and health centers in a way that guarantees the continuation of the medical services.

He affirmed that a number of hospitals and health centers in the capital have stopped providing medical servic

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/02/28/several-hospitals-in-sanaa-shut-down-due-to-fuel-crisis/

and also https://english.almasirah.net/post/18029/Health-Office-Confirms-Cessation-of-Health-Services%C2%A0

cp3 Humanitäre Lage / Humanitarian situation

Siehe / Look at cp1

(B H)

Photo: A moment of life from Alwahda school in Taiz

https://twitter.com/HanaShowafi/status/1365924316123181062

(* B H)

Erbitterte Kämpfe trotz neuer Hoffnung

Um die Not zu lindern, wollen die UN drei Milliarden Euro Hilfsgelder sammeln. Die Chancen für ein baldiges Kriegsende stehen schlecht.

"Für den Anstieg der Unterernährung gibt es mehrere Gründe: zum Beispiel der Abzug von Hilfsorganisationen, der gestiegene Ölpreis und dass Organisationen keine Medikamente und keine Lebensmittelhilfe mehr geben, vor allem nicht in Konfliktregionen", so al-Wahedi. "Die meisten unserer Patienten müssen eine Reise von zwei oder drei Tagen auf sich nehmen, bis sie das Krankenhaus in Sanaa erreicht haben. Dann geht es ihnen noch schlechter, und es gibt Komplikationen."

Die Vereinten Nationen befürchten, dass in diesem Jahr die Zahl der schwer unterernährten Kinder im Jemen im Vergleich zum Vorjahr um 22 Prozent steigen könnte, auf 2,3 Millionen Kinder im Alter unter fünf Jahren. Von ihnen - so die UN-Berechnung - könnten 400.000 dieses Jahr verhungern.

Seit Langem gilt die humanitäre Krise im Jemen als die schlimmste der Welt. Dabei ist das Problem der Unterernährung von Jahr zu Jahr immer noch fürchterlicher geworden.

https://www.tagesschau.de/ausland/jemen-759.html

(* B H K)

Zwischen Leben und Tod

Die Vereinten Nationen sammeln auf einer virtuellen Konferenz Spenden für das Bürgerkriegsland. Dort eskalieren die Kämpfe wie seit Jahren nicht. Das könnte die humanitäre Hilfe unterbrechen und eine Hungersnot auslösen, die Millionen Menschen das Leben kostet.

Sieben Jahre dauert der Krieg in Jemen nun schon, aber noch nie war die Lage so verheerend wie jetzt. Alle Indikatoren zur humanitären Lage zeigen in die falsche Richtung, heißt es. Laut den UN sind fast 21 der geschätzt 30 Millionen Jemeniten für ihr Überleben abhängig von humanitärer Hilfe. Um diese zu finanzieren, wären im Jahr 2021 3,85 Milliarden Dollar notwendig, 450 Millionen mehr als im Vorjahr. Schon damals kam allerdings nur knapp mehr als die Hälfte des nötigen Geldes zusammen - die UN und andere Hilfsorganisationen mussten Programme kappen und Lebensmittelrationen strecken.

Wesentlicher Grund dafür, dass die Hilfe unterfinanziert blieb, ist laut UN-Nothilfechef Mark Lowcock, dass einige der Golfstaaten ihren Beitrag deutlich reduziert haben. Während Saudi-Arabien nach wie vor der wichtigste Geber für Jemen ist, überwiesen die Vereinigten Arabischen Emirate im Jahr 2020 nur noch 23 Millionen Dollar an die UN, 2019 waren es noch 420 Millionen gewesen. Auch Kuwait hat seine Zahlungen drastisch reduziert.

https://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/jemen-buergerkrieg-eskaliert-geberkonferenz-1.5220119

(* B H)

UN-Vertreter: Lage im Jemen “schlimmste Entwicklungskrise der Welt”

Vor der internationalen Geberkonferenz für die Zivilbevölkerung im Jemen hat der Leiter des UN-Entwicklungsprogramms für das arabische Land die dortige Lage als "schlimmste Entwicklungskrise der Welt" bezeichnet. "Der Jemen hat zwei Jahrzehnte an Entwicklungsfortschritten verloren", sagte Auke Lootsma im Interview mit der Nachrichtenagentur AFP. Das Bürgerkriegsland sei derzeit "definitiv eines der ärmsten, wenn nicht das ärmste Land der Welt".

Wenn das Land weiter so heruntergewirtschaftet werde, werde es “sehr schwer wieder aufzubauen sein”, sagte der UN-Vertreter. “Wenn mehr Güter zerstört und die Menschen immer ärmer und ärmer werden, wird es fast ein wirtschaftlich nicht überlebensfähiger Staat werden.”

Am Montag richten die UNO, die Schweiz und Schweden in Genf eine virtuelle Geberkonferenz für die jemenitische Zivilbevölkerung aus, die 3,85 Milliarden Dollar (3,18 Milliarden Euro) an internationalen Hilfen mobilisieren soll. Vergangenes Jahr waren 1,9 Milliarden Dollar für das Land zusammengekommen und damit nur halb so viel wie gefordert.

Lootsma forderte im AFP-interview ein sofortiges Ende der Kämpfe. “Die Jemeniten haben genug gelitten”, hob er hervor. Die internationale Gemeinschaft solle daher bei der Geberkonferenz am Montag schnelle finanzielle Hilfe zusagen, um eine “ausgedehnte Hungersnot” zu verhindern.

Der UN-Vertreter hob hervor, dass der Hunger im Jemen überwiegend einkommensbedingt sei. Es gebe genügend Lebensmittel im Land, viele könnten sich aber nicht genug davon leisten. Nach UN-Angaben sind mehr als 16 Millionen der 29 Millionen Jemeniten von Hunger bedroht.

https://www.24matins.de/topnews/eins/un-vertreter-lage-im-jemen-schlimmste-entwicklungskrise-der-welt-245637 = https://www.stern.de/news/un-vertreter--lage-im-jemen--schlimmste-entwicklungskrise-der-welt--30405840.html

und auch https://www.nzz.ch/international/hungersnot-in-jemen-befuerchtet-uno-hofft-auf-milliarden-spenden-ld.1604267

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UNICEF Deutschland: „Die lautlose Tragödie der Kinder im Jemen stoppen“

Anlässlich der internationalen Hilfskonferenz für den Jemen am 1. März appelliert UNICEF an Regierungen und Öffentlichkeit, die lautlose Tragödie der Kinder in dem Land zu stoppen. Abseits der Weltöffentlichkeit steht der Jemen nach fast sechs Jahren Krieg am Rande einer Hungersnot. Nach letzten Schätzungen sind heute allein 2,3 Millionen Kinder unter fünf Jahren von akuter Mangelernährung bedroht – 400.000 von ihnen sind so schwer mangelernährt, dass sie jeden Tag um ihr Überleben kämpfen. Fast alle Kinder im Jemen, mehr als 12 Millionen Mädchen und Jungen insgesamt, benötigen humanitäre Hilfe.

„Für Kinder im Jemen ist die Situation unerträglich geworden. Sie brauchen ein Ende der Gewalt. Wir müssen alles tun, um Leben zu retten, sie zu schützen und ihnen eine Perspektive für die Zukunft zu geben“, sagte Christian Schneider, Geschäftsführer von UNICEF Deutschland anlässlich der am Montag stattfindenden internationalen Hilfskonferenz für den Jemen. UNICEF benötigt für 2021 rund 576,9 Millionen US-Dollar, um lebensrettende Hilfe für Kinder im Jemen zu leisten.

Die Wirtschaft des Jemen liegt in Trümmern, grundlegende öffentliche Dienstleistungen, Schulen sowie die Trinkwasser- und Sanitärversorgung, sind vielerorts zusammengebrochen. Nur die Hälfte der Gesundheitseinrichtungen ist noch funktionsfähig. Gleichzeitig erschüttert die Covid-19-Pandemie das Land.

Gewalt, Hunger und Not prägen die Kindheit von Millionen Mädchen und Jungen. Seit Beginn des Konflikts wurden fast 3.200 Kinder nachweislich getötet und über 6.200 Kinder verletzt – die tatsächlichen Zahlen sind vermutlich viel höher.

Mindestens zwei Millionen Kinder gingen schon vor Beginn der Covid-19-Pandemie nicht zur Schule – wegen der Pandemie wurde der Unterricht von 5,8 Millionen weiteren Kindern unterbrochen.

Trotz der schwierigen Bedingungen leistet UNICEF umfangreiche Hilfe,

https://www.presseportal.de/pm/34777/4850429

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UN: Nearly $4 Billion needed to Prevent Massive Yemen Famine

The United Nations will appeal to donors Monday for nearly $4 billion to prevent “the worst famine the world has seen for decades” from happening in Yemen this year.

“The humanitarian situation in Yemen is falling off a cliff,” U.N. humanitarian chief Mark Lowcock told reporters recently. “It’s never been worse; the country is in a state of collapse essentially.”

More than six years of war between the Saudi-backed government of President Abdu Rabu Mansour Hadi and the Iranian-supported Houthi rebels has pushed the Middle East’s poorest country to the brink.

Lowcock said he is particularly worried because aid agencies have already had to cut rations and critical programs in the war-torn country due to the lack of money raised in 2020.

“Without that funding a lot more people will die and it will be catastrophic for prospects for peace in the country,” he said.

The U.N. is asking for $3.85 billion to keep death away.

Lowcock says that may sound like a lot, but it’s just a small fraction of the trillions of dollars rich countries have spent on economic stimulus packages due to COVID-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus.

He is especially hopeful that Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait will come forward with significant donations as they did in 2018 and 2019.

The aid chief has repeatedly made the point that Yemenis are not “going hungry” for lack of food — there is plenty in the country’s markets — but are being starved because after years of war and economic collapse, they can no longer afford it.

https://www.voanews.com/middle-east/un-nearly-4-billion-needed-prevent-massive-yemen-famine

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War turning Yemen into broken state, beyond repair: UN

The war in Yemen is turning the impoverished country into an "unviable state" that will be almost beyond repair, a top UN official warned ahead of a donor conference aimed at averting a famine.

Tens of thousands of people have been killed and millions have gone hungry in the six-year conflict, in what the United Nations describes as the world's worst humanitarian crisis.

Schools, factories, hospitals and businesses have been destroyed or shuttered, depriving hundreds of thousands of their livelihoods. Countless children have been denied an education and some have been recruited to fight.

With so much damage to its infrastructure, Yemen is now witnessing "the worst development crisis in the world", Auke Lootsma, the United Nations Development Programme's country director, told AFP in an interview.

"Yemen has lost more than two decades of development progress... and is definitely one of the poorest, if not the poorest country in the world at the moment, given the negative development indicators that we see," he said Sunday.

"If you continue like this, Yemen as a country will be very difficult to rebuild. If more assets get destroyed and people become poorer and poorer, then it will become almost like an unviable state."

The long years of conflict between forces loyal to the internationally recognised government, supported by Saudi Arabia, and the Iran-backed Huthi rebels, who have seized much of the north, have left the country on the brink of total destruction.

"The war has to stop now. Yemenis have suffered enough," said Lootsma, urging donors to rapidly provide financial aid at Monday's conference hosted by the UN, Switzerland and Sweden.

https://www.france24.com/en/live-news/20210228-war-turning-yemen-into-broken-state-beyond-repair-un

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UN warns of mass famine in Yemen ahead of donor conference

A U.N. humanitarian agency on Sunday warned that more than 16 million people in Yemen would go hungry this year, with already some half a million people in the war-torn country living in famine-like conditions.

The U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, or OCHA, said the risk of large-scale famine in the Arab world’s poorest country “has never been more acute,” adding that the years-long conflict, economic decline, and institutional collapse created enormous humanitarian needs in all sectors.

The stark warning comes a day before a pledging conference co-hosted by Sweden and Switzerland. The U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres will appeal for $3.85 billion in relief aid for Yemen this year.

The response to the U.N. appeal is unlikely to meet expectations, given that the coronavirus pandemic and its devastating consequences hit economies around the globe. Wealthy Gulf donors such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, which contributed generously to U.N. appeals in 2018 and 2019, cut back drastically on aid to Yemen last year.

https://apnews.com/article/middle-east-antonio-guterres-famine-united-nations-yemen-26933b3554b49f21534d0c4e77dda5f9

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Norwegian Refugee Council: Yemen’s neighbours need to step up now

Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Qatar must act now to avert a manmade famine unfolding on their doorstep.

On Monday, world leaders will meet to decide Yemen’s fate. The United Nations is warning that almost US$4 billion dollars must be raised to keep the country’s overstretched aid operation afloat. Malnutrition has hit record levels. Nearly 50,000 people are already essentially starving to death. Without a hard injection of cash, the world could soon witness a full-scale famine on a historic scale.

Fast forward to 2021 and Yemen is again being pushed to the edge. But this time commensurate funding has not materialised.

The impact of this can be counted in lives. Nine million people who rely on food aid to survive are now only receiving half rations. And in the middle of a global pandemic, the water supply for 15 major cities has been halved.

One of the most impressive things in this part of the world is how generosity to others is considered a sacred act. In Yemen, tens of thousands of people have been kept from starvation or death by neighbours and strangers. Farming communities have sheltered waves of people fleeing bombs and bullets, families have shared their food and clothes, and countless Yemenis have opened their homes to others in greater need.

This is the kind of solidarity Yemen needs right now from its neighbours.

Leaders from Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Qatar are expected to participate in Yemen’s international funding conference. These nations have been some of the biggest contributors to past relief efforts. But last year that came to an abrupt halt.

This is not just about being a good neighbour or good international citizen. Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates also hold responsibility for the dire conditions in Yemen because of their direct involvement in its conflict. The $3.8 billion needed to fund aid operations in Yemen pales in comparison to what has reportedly been spent on the war by the Saudi-led coalition.

At the absolute minimum, Yemen’s neighbours should give at the levels they did before 2020. Other major governments must dig deep too, especially the United States and the United Kingdom, who have also played roles in this brutal six-year conflict. And pledges must be converted rapidly into cash on the ground, so that aid agencies can act without delay.

Other steps must follow after that to relieve Yemen’s suffering

https://www.nrc.no/perspectives/2021/yemens-neighbours-need-to-step-up-now/

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UNHCR Yemen Critical Funding Needs (25 February 2021)

Without your urgent support, UNHCR will not be able to provide life-saving protection and assistance to the more than four million displaced Yemenis and 137,000 refugees and asylum-seekers across the country, leaving them at critical risk.

Out of the USD 271 million UNHCR requires in 2021 to protect and assist those most affected by the ongoing conflict in Yemen, only USD 16.1 million has been secured to date, just 6 per cent of the total needs.

The USD 230 million outlined below represent funds required for the continuation of critical humanitarian and protection programmes from March to December within UNHCR’s overall funding requirements for Yemen in 2021.

In 2020, over 172,000 Yemenis were newly displaced and in 2021, raging conflict continues to force thousands of families to seek refuge elsewhere. Internal displacement remains one of the defining features of the Yemen conflict. The country currently hosts over four million internally displaced persons (IDPs)

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/unhcr-yemen-critical-funding-needs-25-february-2021

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First Person: Yemen ‘cannot even afford to worry about the coronavirus’

In Yemen, whose people are living through a long-running, brutal war, which has led to the world’s worst humanitarian crisis, COVID-19 is far from being a top priority, says the top UN refugee agency (UNHCR) official in the Arabian Peninsula country.

Famine, conflict and widespread poverty mean that Yemen is one of the toughest countries in the world in which to live, both for internally displaced people and refugees who have arrived from countries like Somalia.

Ahead of a major international conference to raise funds for humanitarian aid initiatives in Yemen, UNHCR’s Jean-Nicolas Beuze has been speaking to the head of communications for the UN, Melissa Fleming, as part of the podcast series Awake at Night.

“The situation in Yemen is really dire. I've worked in some pretty tough places including Syria, Sudan, Libya and Afghanistan, but this is one of the worst and most desperate places I’ve experienced.

Probably two-thirds of the population relies on our humanitarian assistance for their daily survival. Half of the health facilities have been destroyed by five years of conflict. One person in eight has been displaced by conflict. There is cholera, malaria, chikungunya, and dengue fever and, on top of all this, we now have coronavirus, which is not even the main concern in terms of communicable diseases.

So, it's a combination of all those factors that means people are barely keeping their heads above the water. I see that on a daily basis, when I go and meet families who have been displaced by the conflict.

Somali refugees in Yemen have been here for decades. The situation now of refugees specifically in Yemen is one of discrimination, of scapegoating. It was quite worrisome at the beginning of the pandemic to see this, despite the fact that refugee communities have been relatively well integrated.

The Yemeni people needed to find an explanation or a scapegoat for COVID-19. So, they pointed fingers at the refugees coming from Africa. There was an element of racism.

There were allegations that they were not as healthy and focused on hygiene as the Yemeni population. And there was prejudice related to the migratory status of these people, as we saw the same reaction to internally displaced Yemenis who were on the move.

Most people live in one room probably with an extended family with two or three generations, with maybe cousins, because people can simply not afford rent. So, everybody gathers in the same room to cook and sleep. So, it is very interesting to engage with them on what it means to take preventative measures against COVID-19.

You cannot be two metres apart from a family member, who may show symptoms, because there’s only one room. You cannot wash your hands regularly because there is no tap water, and children have to be sent five kilometres to find water. You don't wash your hands because if it’s a choice between buying rice and soap, you choose rice.

You don't stop going out to beg on the street or to work a job for meagre wages because the money you get in the morning is the money which allows you to buy lunch.

https://news.un.org/en/story/2021/02/1085732

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»Wir haben kein Geld mehr, um die Menschen zu ernähren«

Im Jemen gibt es dreißig verschiedene Frontlinien und die Uno kann die Menschen nicht mal mehr mit dem Nötigsten versorgen. Der Hauptgrund sind ausbleibende Spenden aus reichen Ländern, sagt Nothilfekoordinator Mark Lowcock.

SPIEGEL: Wie ist die aktuelle Lage im Jemen?

Lowcock: Sie war nie schlechter. Die Menschen haben keine Arbeit und kein Geld. Ihre Höfe sind bombardiert, ihre Fischerboote zerstört. Sie verhungern, und auch wir haben kein Geld mehr, um die Menschen zu ernähren. Von fast dreizehn Millionen Jemeniten, denen wir im Jahr 2019 mit Nahrungsmitteln geholfen haben, können wir heute nur noch neun Millionen versorgen. Die Hungersnot ist zurück.

SPIEGEL: Was haben die Länder im Westen davon, außer einem guten Gewissen, wenn sie am Montag bei der Hilfskonferenz der Vereinten Nationen spenden?

Lowcock: Es geht um regionale Stabilität. Aus der Geschichte wissen wir, dass sich Hungersnöte tief ins Gedächtnis eines Landes einprägen. Und wir wissen auch, welchen Effekt es auf die Zukunft der Beziehungen zwischen den am Konflikt beteiligten Ländern hat. Die Entscheidung, zu helfen, wird von sehr mächtigen Menschen über sehr machtlose Menschen getroffen.

SPIEGEL: Wie viel Geld wird für den Jemen benötigt?

Lowcock: Das größte Problem ist, dass die internationalen Geber nicht mehr für den Jemen spenden wollen. Die Länder der Golfregion haben ihre Mittel im vergangenen Jahr drastisch gekürzt. Wenn die Hilfsprogramme weiterlaufen und die Menschen im Jemen nicht sterben sollen, brauchen wir in diesem Jahr 3,85 Milliarden Dollar. Das ist sehr wenig im Vergleich zu den unzähligen Milliarden, die Regierungen gerade ausgeben, um ihre Volkswirtschaften zu schützen.

https://www.spiegel.de/politik/ausland/jemen-uno-experte-mark-lowcock-ueber-den-krieg-fehlendes-geld-und-die-aussicht-auf-frieden-a-169b1933-b425-4fb6-b4a6-6c9743efacbb#ref=rss

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Film: The spectre of famine is hanging over #Yemen. 400,000 children expected to suffer from severe acute malnutrition in 2021. Our radio report, produced + edited by @Clear_red, pictures by @Goktay

https://twitter.com/OrlaGuerin/status/1364874744940625922

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Film: HUNGER WARD Panel Discussion w/Marshall Curry, Shireen Al-Adeimi, Skye Fitzgerald

Discussion of the doc film HUNGER WARD with: - Marshall Curry, Oscar® Winning Director; Shireen Al-Adeimi, Yemen Expert & Asst. Professor at Michigan State University; Skye Fitzgerald, Oscar® Nominated Director of HUNGER WARD

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ksZuggstK0Q

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Hilfsorganisationen: Humanitäre Notlage im Jemen spitzt sich zu

Im Vorfeld einer Geberkonferenz für den Jemen haben Hilfsorganisationen auf die katastrophale Lage in dem Bürgerkriegsland hingewiesen.

Tausende Familien litten dort unter unvorstellbarem Hunger, das Gesundheitssystem sei weitgehend zusammengebrochen. Der Jemen-Koordinator der Organisation Care, Brent, erklärte, es sei absolut entscheidend, dass mehr finanzielle Mittel bereitgestellt würden, andernfalls drohe noch mehr Menschen der Tod.

https://www.deutschlandfunk.de/vor-geberkonferenz-hilfsorganisationen-humanitaere-notlage.1939.de.html?drn:news_id=1231919

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FURTHER CATASTROPHE LOOMS FOR YEMEN IF FUNDING CUTS CONTINUE, AID ORGANISATIONS SAID

12 NGOs: Vital aid funding will be the difference between life and death for 400,000 children in the world’s largest humanitarian crisis

A pledging conference for Yemen on 1 March is a pivotal moment for governments around the world to step up in support of the Yemeni people, who have already suffered through six years of man-made catastrophe, according to a group of 12 aid organisations.

With five million people currently teetering on the edge of starvation and over two-thirds of the country’s population in need of humanitarian aid or protection, the situation could not be more urgent.

Aid programmes have helped provide vital water, food, health services and shelters for families driven from their homes or living in villages and cities ravaged by the war.

Last year during a pledging conference, donors raised USD$1.35 billion for the aid effort, barely half of the amount pledged in 2019 and a billion short of what was needed. Since, severe aid cuts have deepened the suffering: some nine million people in Yemen have had their food assistance halved and six million people, including three million children, are without clean water and sanitation services during a global pandemic.

Mohammed Nasser, a father of four living in a camp for internally displaced people near Sana’a said: “I have been receiving a monthly food basket which played a major role in covering our food needs. Since April, we started to receive one basket every two months. I don’t know why our rations were halved. We skip meals to make sure that my children don’t go to sleep hungry”.

Because of the cuts, water networks have begun shutting down or scaling back, with 15 major cities now receiving only half their normal water supplies, and Yemeni people in areas across the country are running dangerously low on water.

Yahya Mohammed Balush is one of hundreds of thousands taking shelter from the fighting in Abs district. There was no water in his camp until the nearby well was repaired through an aid project, reaching almost 500 families. But a quarter of a million people in Abs still don’t have enough clean water. “We meet people who are drinking contaminated water or spending money on water when they can barely get enough to eat,” said aid worker Anas al-Kahlani.

In 2020 alone, the war forced more than 172,000 people to flee and 22,200[1][1] lost the means to support themselves. Aziza, a 38-year-old mother of ten from Hodeidah governorate, one of the areas hardest hit by the conflict, said:

“Since the conflict escalated in Hodeidah, I wake up every morning wondering how and what to feed my children. My husband is a casual labourer and he mostly can't find any work or money to provide for us. The last six months were very peaceful for my family. We received a monthly cash transfer which allowed us to buy enough food for the entire month. I was able to prepare nutritious meals for my children for the first time. The cash helped us survive during the most difficult time of COVID and conflict. I wonder how we will manage to live when the project ends.”

Recent figures showed that 2.3 million children under the age of five are projected to go hungry this year if adequate funding is not secured. Some 400,000 of them are expected to die from severe acute malnutrition if they do not receive urgent treatment.

If governments do not step up and commit enough funding, children, women and men will continue to suffer and die, the aid organisations warned. All parties to the conflict must also commit to a nationwide ceasefire and engage in an inclusive political process to bring peace to Yemen.

https://www.savethechildren.net/news/further-catastrophe-looms-yemen-if-funding-cuts-continue-aid-organisations-said = https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/disaster-looms-yemen-if-funding-cuts-continue

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The people of Yemen are in desperate need for help

The United Nations has convened an urgent pledging conference for the people of Yemen 1 March. Sweden and Switzerland will host the High-Level Pledging Event for the Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen. According to the Swedish Minister of International Development Cooperation, Per Olsson Fridh, Yemen is currently the world´s biggest humanitarian catastrophe.

The situation in Yemen is a perfect storm of humanitarian disasters. A civil war has raged since 2014. In addition, torrential rains, flooding, a fuel crisis, the threat of desert locusts, outbreaks of cholera and COVID-19 have ravaged the country. Large scale food insecurity and acute malnutrition are widespread. Lack of funding to aid organizations like the WFP also lead to increasing cases of starvation for millions of Yemenis.

82% of the total Yemeni population of 29.8 million need humanitarian aid and 19 million are targeted by the violence. People reached by aid is currently only at 10.7 million and the required aid stands at USD 3.4 billion.

The main purpose of the High-level Pledging Event is for participating Member States and other donors to announce pledges to address the dire needs in the country. “We must do everything we can to unite the world to intervene and prevent the starvation and also to give back a degree of dignity to Yemen,” says Minster Olsson Fridh.

Award winning photographer

In the run up to the event award winning photographer Giles Clarke travelled to Yemen for the UN. These are his photographs and the stories of Yemenites.

Hanan, aged 35, mother of two. Displaced by war in Yemen.

“When bombing got close to our house in Hudaydah, we left everything and ran away. The road to Aden was very difficult, with rockets and bullets being fired at checkpoints. I don’t have a job; I ask people for help and for food for my children. Sometimes we get food and sometimes we do not get anything. My sister died in the bombing in Hudaydah. Everything changed in my life.”

Hanan is divorced and taking care of her children, aged 13 and 7.

https://unric.org/en/the-people-of-yemen-are-in-desperate-need-for-help/

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Yemen Socio-Economic Update, Issue 55 - December 2020

This issue of the YSEU bulletin comes as a follow up review of sustainable development goals and indicators, and it focuses on goals with social dimension, i.e. one of the most important dimensions and themes related to SDGs. It highlights issues in the area of health, education, equality, WASH, justice and peace, which are closely connected to the current difficult human situation in Yemen. This YSEU issue also presents major challenges and difficulties impeding the achievement of SDGs with economic, social and environmental dimensions, including inputs needed to realize these goals in view of the current situation under specific strategic directions.

As seen in part I, this second part draws a comparison between Yemen’s progress across several indicators and some other counterparts at the Arab and world (as medians), including the gap between Yemen’s status and SDG target values. It is complemented by two appendices, one covers the national statistics pertaining to certain SDGs and related indicators for the period 2014-2018, while the other sheds some light on indicators whose data are not available, and require extra attention by the competent authorities as part of relevant policies and procedures designed to make the intended progress towards SDGs agenda 2030.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-socio-economic-update-issue-55-december-2020-enar

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Central Asia and Yemen Price Bulletin, February 2021

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/central-asia-and-yemen-price-bulletin-february-2021

cp4 Flüchtlinge / Refugees

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Assessing prospects for durable solutions in Yemen

Executive summary

The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) conducted an intention survey with the objective of identifying prospects for durable solutions for internally displaced persons (IDPs) across five governorates in Yemen. NRC staff and enumerators interviewed 360 households from the seven districts of Alqanawis, Altuhayta, and Alzuhra in Alhudeydah, Tuban in Lahj, Amran city in Amran, Mahabsha in Hajja, and Mokha district in Taiz governorate.

Majority of the surveyed households (70%) have been displaced for over three years. The main reason for displacement is insecurity and/ or active conflict, coupled with lack of livelihood opportunities. Most of these have been displaced from Hajja (54%), Hodeida (21%), and Taiz (20%) which are governorates that are currently experiencing active conflicts.

The survey identified that two thirds of the assessed population preferred to return to Areas of Origin (AoO) compared to one third who expressed interest to locally integrate at the place of displacement (PoD). Of those who showed interest to return, only 38% demonstrated an intention to return within a period of six months – IDPs in Lahj (Tuban) and Taiz (Mokha) have shown the greatest desire to return within six months among the group. The other 62% who have opted for return as a durable solution, indicated that they would not return immediately or within the next six months due to insecurity at the place of origin and/ or lack of livelihood opportunities. The key conditions for return were identified as improved security situation and access to employment and/ or livelihood opportunities.

The assessment identified lower intentions toward local integration, with the exception of Amran city where 90% of the respondents expressed the desire to locally integrate. Only one third of those surveyed were inclined to locally integrate. The preference for local integration was attributed to safety and security coupled with the desire to find employment and/ or livelihood opportunities at the place of displacement. The main conditions put forward for local integration included access to livelihoods and/ or employment opportunities, access to housing or land, safety and security, as well as access to basic services, mainly education and health care.

In summary, the assessment identified prospects for durable solutions with specific emphasis on returns as a favorable option, and highlighted the potential to pilot local integration in a few locations. In both options, IDPs will require adequate support in order for them to realise a sustainable solution to their displacement.

https://www.nrc.no/resources/reports/assessing-prospects-for-durable-solutions-in-yemen/ = https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/assessing-prospects-durable-solutions-yemen

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Yemen: Ma'rib Situation Update No. 1, 27 February 2021

Intense clashes which broke out in several districts of Ma'rib Governorate in the first week of February 2021 have continued, leading to the displacement of more than 8,000 civilians. Initial field reports indicate massive displacement within Ma'rib Governorate, especially from Sirwah District, which has seen the heaviest fighting.

Ma'rib Governorate already hosts an estimated one million Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) – the largest IDP population in Yemen according to local authorities – and some live in approximately 125 IDP sites. Sirwah District hosts around 30,000 displaced people in at least 14 displacement sites, and there are reports of fighting close to several sites. According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), on average, some people have been displaced three times and most newly displaced people had been living in displacement sites, with some reportedly carrying their shelters with them to their new locations.

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-marib-situation-update-no-1-27-february-2021

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Displaced people camps unit in Marib calls for international interventions

The [Hadi gov.] Executive Unit of Displaced People Camps Unit in Marib has issued a release on dangers faced by the displaced people over Houthi terrorist militia’s military escalation.

In the release it issued on Monday, the executive unit called upon the UN and International Community to exert pressure on Houthis to stop their aggression on Marib and targeting displaced people.

The unit also demanded all international organizations working in Yemen to act swiftly to provide relief to displaced people and alleviate their suffering, calling Houthi militia to respect international humanitarian law, stop targeting civilians and displaced people and open safe tracks to facilitate arrival of humanitarian aid to displaced people.

According to the release, the survey made by field teams counted that there are 139 camps in Marib hosting 31 displaced families with total number of 219 thousand persons, pointing out that these numbers are increasing everyday due to continuous Houthi military escalations and influx of displaced people from nearby areas to the city of Marib.

The release pointed out the field teams documented many violations committed by Houthi terrorist militia; shelling al-Milh Camp, which included 49 displaced families on February, 8, causing second displacement to these families to Thanna Camp and shelling al-Zour Camp, which hosts 570 families on February 10,11, forcing all families to seek shelters in Marib city.

The release also added that on February, 14, Houthi militia stormed al-Zour Camp and burnet some of the houses and bombed others and on February 17, the militia bombed the mosque of the camp and the nearby houses.

http://en.26sepnews.net/2021/02/27/displaced-people-camps-unit-in-marib-calls-for-international-interventions/

and also https://twitter.com/abduhothifi/status/1365382635837681666 = https://twitter.com/SaifAlhaddi/status/1365388480298237954

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Infographic on the catastrophic implications of Houthis' massive Escalation on #Marib. Hundred of Thousands of IDPs and Civilians are under attack by Ballistic Missiles, as a result Tens of Thousands of IDPs continue to get displaced.

https://twitter.com/abduhothifi/status/1365793650626748417

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Yemen: UNHCR Operational Update, 26 February 2021

FUNDING

USD 271 M required for 2021 operations

IDP Response

During the reporting period, UNHCR and partners distributed emergency tents and core relief items to 1,400 individuals fleeing hostilities in Marib Governorate. Ongoing clashes in Marib have forced over 1,150 families (6,900 individuals) to flee their homes during the last week to Sirwah district, with an estimated 70 per cent of the newly displaced being women and children. Most of the displaced families fled to Al-Rawdah Sirwah IDP hosting site, many of them displaced for a second time. IDP sites in Sirwah are faced with limited access to water, electricity, health, and education services, with most newly displaced families in need of shelter, core relief items, water, and food.

According to the UN Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowock, a recent escalation in hostilities threatens to trigger further mass displacement in Yemen. Lowcock warned a major frontline shift could potentially displace 385,000 persons, while up to two million would be exposed to heightened protection risks

https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/yemen-unhcr-operational-update-26-february-2021

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Vertriebene Jemeniten fliehen vor Zusammenstössen und sind von Hunger bedroht

Die Kämpfe in der jemenitischen Region Marib verschärfen sich. Die UN-Flüchtlingshilfswerk UNHCR fordert eine sichere Route für die fliehende Zivilbevölkerung.

Die Unsicherheiten im Jemen behindern zunehmend die Lieferung von Hilfsgütern an die Zivilbevölkerung in Marib. Dies hat besonders schwere Folgen für die am meisten gefährdeten Menschen. Die jüngsten Zusammenstösse sind nur wenige Kilometer von der Stadt Marib entfernt. Die Menschen hatten kaum eine andere Wahl, als in städtische Gebiete zu fliehen, welche etwas mehr Sicherheit bieten.

Die bestehenden Unterkünfte für Binnenvertriebene sind bereits überfüllt, und die humanitäre Hilfe ist überfordert. Bereits mehr als 800.000 vertriebene Jemeniten haben in diesem Teil des Landes Zuflucht gefunden. Die meisten von ihnen haben seit Beginn des Konflikts im Jahr 2015 dort Zuflucht ge.

Den Hilfsorganisationen muss ungehinderter Zugang zu den betroffenen Gebieten gewährt werden. Nur so kann lebenswichtige Hilfe an Vertriebene und weitere Familien in Not in Marib und in anderen Teilen des Landes geleistet werden.

Im Vorfeld einer grossen Geberkonferenz für den Jemen am Montag, 1. März 2021, warnt UNHCR auch davor, dass eine wachsende Zahl von vertriebenen Jemeniten nun mit einer schweren Ernährungsunsicherheit konfrontiert ist. Von den vier Millionen Binnenvertriebenen im Jemen sind fast 2,6 Millionen nur einen Schritt von einer Hungersnot entfernt. Die meisten Binnenvertriebenen sind in Teilen des Landes untergebracht, in denen akute Nahrungsmittelknappheit herrscht.

https://www.unhcr.org/dach/de/60413-vertriebene-jemeniten-fliehen-vor-zusammenstoessen-und-sind-von-hunger-bedroh.html

(* B H)

Displaced Yemenis flee clashes, face imminent risk of hunger

This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson Boris Cheshirkov – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at today's press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

Amid intensified clashes in Yemen’s Marib region UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency is calling for a safe passage for the fleeing civilians. Fighting parties must spare no effort to protect the population caught in the conflict and ease its impact on civilians.

Insecurity is increasingly hindering the delivery of aid to civilians in Marib, with dire consequences for the most vulnerable among them. The latest clashes are just a few kilometers from Marib city and people had little choice but to flee to relative safety in the urban areas.

The existing sites for internally displaced people (IDPs) are already overcrowded, and the humanitarian response is overstretched. More than 800,000 displaced Yemenis have been taking refuge in this part of the country. Most of them have been sheltering there since the start of the conflict in 2015.

Unimpeded access to affected areas must be granted to aid agencies so that critical lifesaving assistance can be delivered to the displaced and other families in Marib and elsewhere in the county where the needs are dire. Ahead of a major donor pledging conference for Yemen on Monday 1 March, we are also warning that the growing number of displaced Yemenis are now facing severe food insecurity. Out of four million IDPs in Yemen, nearly 2.6 million are just a step away from famine. Most IDPs are sheltering in parts of the country assessed to have acute food shortages or famine-like conditions.

Conflict, protracted displacement, as well as lack of access to services and livelihoods are the main reasons for growing poverty and food insecurity among the displaced communities.

https://www.unhcr.org/news/briefing/2021/2/6038bc714/displaced-yemenis-flee-clashes-face-imminent-risk-hunger.html

(* B H)

Yemen: Greater Aid Presence Urgently Needed in Ma'rib as Displacement Increases

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is watching with growing alarm as increasing numbers of people are displaced in Yemen, adding to worrisome food security concerns.

Hostilities in Yemen’s Ma'rib governorate have led to the displacement of at least 9,000 people in recent weeks, bringing the total number of displacements in that part of the country to more than 117,000.

Humanitarian partners estimate that 385,000 people are at risk of further displacement, if frontlines shift. Hundreds of thousands of Ma'rib city’s estimated 3 million people could also be impacted by the fighting.

The latest epicentre of violence is Sirwah, a mountainous district in Ma'rib governorate. Sirwah district alone hosts around 30,000 displaced people in 14 displacement sites, three of which were directly impacted by fighting in recent weeks. All three were completely emptied, forcing already-displaced people to fleeing again to safety.

These displacement sites should be refuges. All civilians – including displaced people – must be afforded protection from the fighting, IOM advises.

The local community in Ma'rib has long welcomed vulnerable displaced people, but today the situation is far beyond something they can manage alone. Greater humanitarian presence and resources are urgently required to assist the people of Ma’rib.

https://www.iom.int/news/yemen-greater-aid-presence-urgently-needed-marib-displacement-increases

cp5 Nordjemen und Huthis / Northern Yemen and Houthis

(A H K)

Mother commits suicide after learning about the death of her 6 sons in Marib

A mother from Saada province, the birthplace of the Iran-backed Houthi militia, is reported to have committed suicide after learning about the killing of her sixth son while fighting alongside with Houthi rebels west of Marib city, the last stronghold of the Yemeni government in north Yemen.

According to News Yemen, a local news agency, the mother stabbed herself to death when she learned about the killing of her youngest son, following the death of her other five sons who had been killed in battlefronts west of oil-rich Marib city where fierce battles take place between Houthi rebels and government forces.

https://republicanyemen.net/archives/27352

and also https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-45411

(A P)

Houthi government urges to lift embargo on Hodeidah, Sanaa ports

The Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Houthi government Hisham Sharaf on Saturday stressed the importance of addressing the continued embargo on Hodeidah seaport and Sanaa airport which is affecting the largest portion of Yemen's population.

The remark was given at a meeting between Sharaf and the country representative of the WFP Laurent Bukera, according to the Sanaa-based Saba news agency.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-23447.html

(A P)

Yemen Condemns Collective Punishment by US-Saudi Aggression

The Yemeni Cabinet condemned, during its meeting today, Saturday, the policy of collective punishment pursued by the US-Saudi aggression coalition towards the Yemeni people, and its violation of the principles and provisions of international humanitarian law, which considers this type of punishment a war crime.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/18005/Yemen-Condemns-Collective-Punishment-by-US-Saudi-Aggression%C2%A0

(A P)

Worshippers abandon extremist mosques in Dhamar

Worshipers abandoned extremist mosques in the midst of the Friday Service in the central Yemen province of Dhamar after extremist Houthi preachers incited the congregation to join the Marib warfront against the government.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-45368 = https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-45359

(A P)

Yemenis stage nationwide protests against Saudi blockade

Tens of thousands of people have staged rallies across Yemen in protest at the all-out Saudi blockade and closure of Sana’a International Airport, which have made it impossible for food and medical supplies to reach the poor in the war-torn country.
Protesters took to the streets in the Damt district of the southern Yemeni province of Dhale on Friday morning in a rally entitled “The Siege of the Coalition of Aggression is Killing Yemeni People.”
They chanted slogans against the United States and the Israeli regime for supporting the Saudi blockade of war-wracked Yemen.

https://en.abna24.com/news//yemenis-stage-nationwide-protests-against-saudi-blockade_1118830.html

and also https://en.mehrnews.com/news/170407/Yemeni-people-stress-need-to-continue-battle-in-Ma-rib-prov

https://english.almasirah.net/post/17976/Sana-a%2C-Other-Governorates-Protest-US-Saudi-Blockade-Against-Yemen

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/02/26/massive-rallies-held-as-hundreds-of-thousands-assemble-in-sanaa/

Films: https://twitter.com/princess_yMn/status/1365352863917080586

and

(A P)

Capital Sana'a witnesses mass rally condemning US-Saudi-aggression blockade

The capital Sana'a witnessed on Friday afternoon a mass rally to denounce the continuation of the siege under the slogan "The siege of the American aggression coalition kills the Yemeni people."

The participants in the march chanted and raised slogans condemning the maritime piracy practiced by the US-Saudi aggression and the continued detention of oil derivative ships.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3130227.htm

and

(A P)

Al-Houthi Confirms Either Real Peace or War Until Victory

Member of the Supreme Political Council, Mohammad Al-Houthi, said: "We continue to defend our homeland and our dignity, stressing that the honorable people of Marib are sincere in their association with the capital of the Republic of Yemen, Sana'a.

During the protest to condemn the US-Saudi blockade, he said “Our people gathered today in various squares to confirm their loyalty to their homeland, its cause and the blood of its martyrs.”

He called on Saudi Arabia to defend itself within its borders and not in Marib. To the Emiratis, he told them to go to their islands that they claim are occupied by Iran and to confront them there.

He also said: “If Biden wants peace, he must withdraw his experts who lead the battle in Marib, and that the UK should stop the arms sales which are used to hit our civilians in Marib and other various fronts. "

Al-Houthi indicated that Marib was never a quiet front while the Security Council was silent. "Where was it since the beginning of the aggression? Why does it wake up now to call for an end to the fighting?" he wondered.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/17977/Al-Houthi-Confirms-Either-Real-Peace-or-War-Until-Victory-

and also https://en.mehrnews.com/news/170420/Yemeni-official-calls-on-US-UK-to-end-arms-supply-to-SA

https://en.abna24.com/news//al-houthi-yemen-wants-either-real-peace-or-war-until-victory_1118938.html

and

(A P)

Minister of Oil: Blockade Kills Yemenis Amidst International Silence

https://english.almasirah.net/post/17979/Minister-of-Oil-Blockade-Kills-Yemenis-Amidst-International-Silence%C2%A0

and

(A P)

Minister of Health: Lifting Blockade Is First Requirement Before Any Negotiation

https://english.almasirah.net/post/17978/Minister-of-Health-Lifting-Blockade-Is-First-Requirement-Before-Any-Negotiation%C2%A0

(A P)

Houthis call Emirates to bring late president's son back to Yemen

Member of the Houthi Supreme Political Council on Friday called on the United Arab Emirates to bring son of the Yemeni late president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, to the war-torn country, hours after the UN Security Council renewed Ahmed Saleh's travel ban to additional year.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-23403.html

(A P)

Angelina Jolie’s campaign against ‘rape in war’ sees landmark UN sanctions imposed

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/politics/angelina-jolie-campaign-rape-war-landmark-un-sanctions-b921377.html

cp6 Südjemen und Hadi-Regierung / Southern Yemen and Hadi-government

(A P)

Bahrain Foreign Minister receives Yemeni counterpart

https://www.bna.bh/en/news?cms=q8FmFJgiscL2fwIzON1%2bDrTM06XC90Ehxbdu6tTjuyM%3d

(A P)

STC forces lead angry protests over unpaid salaries

The Yemeni interim capital Aden on Sunday saw angry rally and chaos led by servicemen affiliated to the Southern Transitional Council (STC) in protest of unpaid monthly salaries.
Hundreds of demonstrators blocked some of Aden main streets and set fire to used wheels, in a bid to hinder traffic and attract attention to their demands, local sources said.
The protestors threatened to halt movement in the city's seaports and airport and to organize the protest outside the presidential palace, the government's workplace, if their demands are not met.
The rally comes after the ten-day grace given to the official government and the Saudi-led coalition to pay the overdue nine salaries.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-23460.html

and also https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/02/28/aden-mercenaries-mutiny-against-lack-of-payment-by-saudi-backed-puppet-government/

My comment: According to the Riyadh agreement, all separatist STC forced should have left Aden. Now they run havoc there. Why they claim to be paid by the government and not by their STC bosses?

(A P)

Seventy two MPs demand President Hadi to support his army

Seventy two members of the Yemeni parliament have sent a memo to President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi asking him to reinforce the army in Marib with soldiers, military equipment and long unpaid salaries to help withstand a fierce Houthi attack, several sources said.

The MPs asked the in-exile president to order the army in the frontlines in other governorates to carry out simultaneous pushes on Houthi sites to alleviate the Houthi military pressure on the city.

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-45412

and also https://twitter.com/Alsakaniali/status/1365978251043237890

All falling on deaf ears. Hadi is like Saleh described him “Hadi cannot learn. He has immunity from learning”

https://twitter.com/Ndawsari/status/1365981698756853761

(A P)

Houthi terrorist war on Marib revives sense of national unity

The governor of southeastern Hadhramout province has ordered his local government to prepare and send a food aid convoy to Marib which is facing more a renewed Houthi offensive, Yemeni news websites reported.

Yemeni journalist Sayf Abdullah said this and other aid convoys sent from different military factions in the past days is a “healthy sign of a revived sense of national unity against the common enemy: the Houthis.”

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-45388

(A P)

Gov’t, rights groups condemn international silence over Houthi abuses

The Yemeni government and rights groups have condemned the international silence over the Houthi terrorist militia’s continuous abuses in the country including a renewed war against the government-held province of Marib which accomodates 60% of Yemen’s IDPs.

Yemen’s government expressed its silence at the “humanitarian organizations’ silence and the use of passive voice when addressing the issue.

In a statement, the country’s foreign ministry said it was “surprised at international humanitarian organizations’ silence and even statements that do not place blame for the war squarely over the shoulders of the perpetrators.”

https://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/en/p-45387

(A P)

AL-Mukalla calls for ban on Muslim Brotherhood

http://en.adenpress.news/news/32354

(* A P)

British spies remain active in Yemeni province of Mahrah, sheikh claims

The British occupation forces in Mahrah have continued to train spies to target tribesmen in the governorate, according to a statement by the province’s sheikh al-Huraizy.

Sheikh Ali bin Salem al-Huraizy has been opposed to Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates coalition’s presence in Mahrah for years, and has called on foreign forces to leave his province.

“Terrorism is a Saudi tool to justify its presence in Mahrah. We do not know what is happening at Al-Ghaydah airport, which is controlled by Riyadh, and by the US and British forces,” he told Almahriah TV.

“We will resume our peaceful struggle until the departure of foreign forces from Mahrah, and we will reveal to the world the truth about the occupation of the province,” he continued, adding that the Saudi-backed Hadi government’s Prime Minister Moeen Abdul-Malik Saeed and other officials are trying to legitimise Saudi Arabia’s ambitions in the governorate.

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/02/28/british-spies-remain-active-in-yemeni-province-of-mahrah-sheikh-claims/

referring to film: https://twitter.com/ibnalmaharh/status/1365719693592518663

(A P)

STC calls on govt. to support Aden governor

http://en.adenpress.news/news/32347

(A T)

Imam assassinated in southern Yemen

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/02/26/imam-assassinated-in-southern-yemen/

(B P)

Revolution Expected in South Against Government, Saudi-Emirati Coalition

Private economic sources in Aden reported that officials in Hadi government expected a revolution against them in the southern street, according to the ِArabic Al-Janoub Al-Youm website

The sources said that the Hadi government does not have, until now, any real economic vision to help the southern and eastern regions from the economic crisis that pushed the vast majority to be living in extreme poverty.

The increase in the percentage of the poorest local communities in the southern regions have led the youth and children to go fighting with the Saudi-Emirati coalition against Ansarullah for having 1000 Saudi riyals.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/17995/Revolution-Expected-in-South-Against-Government%2C-Saudi-Emirati-Coalition

(A P)

UAE provocations in Socotra threatening Riyadh agreement, governor says

The governor of Yemen's Socotra province Ramzi Mahrous has said a UAE vessel unloaded military vehicles at Socotra seaport on Thursday, in a move aimed at obstructing the implementation of the Riyadh agreement.

The UAE is continuing to support armed groups and the forces of the southern transitional council and encouraging chaos in the Socotra archipelago, he said in a statement on Facebook.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-23397.html

and also https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20210227-in-violation-of-riyadh-agreement-uae-sends-military-equipment-to-socotra/

(A P)

Tariq Saleh criticizes Houthis over calls on UAE to return cousin

General Tariq Mohamed Saleh on Friday severely attacked the Houthi group for calling on the United Arab Emirates to bring his cousin back to Yemen.
The Houthi call is "the most blatant audacity," nephew of the Yemeni late president tweeted.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-23408.html

cp7 UNO und Friedensgespräche / UN and peace talks

(A P)

18 captives of army, popular committees liberated on Marib frontTthe release of the prisoners was carried out through an exchange deal through a local mediator.

https://www.saba.ye/en/news3130479.htm

and also https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/02/28/18-yemeni-soldiers-freed-in-prisoner-swap-deal/

(* A P)

Yemen [Sanaa gov.] condemns UN “misleading statements” about delays to Safer oil tanker repair

The National Salvation Government of Yemen has denied the statements of the United Nations regarding the urgent maintenance of the Safer oil tanker near the Yemeni coast.

The Supervisory Committee for the Implementation of the Urgent Maintenance Agreement and the Comprehensive Evaluation of the Floating Safer Reservoir condemned “the continued misleading statements made by United Nations officials, which are aimed to cover up the UN delaying of the implementation of the urgent maintenance agreement and the comprehensive evaluation of the Safer.”

In a statement issued by the Committee, it slammed the UN statement that was launched by the Spokesperson for the United Nations Secretary-General, Stéphane Dujarric, who claimed that the Committee had submitted additional requests about the commitment to the agreement of the maintenance of the tanker.

Earlier, the UN envoy for Yemen, Martin Griffiths, and Spokesman for the Secretary-General Stéphane Dujarric, accused Sana’a of not granting the UN experts entry visas to carry out urgent maintenance, disregarding the fact that the United Nations did not present the final list of experts until February 14, 2021.

Additionally, the UN replaced a number of its experts, in two different occasions, with new ones, and provided expired passports to a number of others, which has raised many questions.

Despite condemning the UN statements, the Supervisory Committee stated that it renews its “full commitment to implementing the agreement and its keenness of concern for the safety of the marine environment in the Red Sea.”

It called on the United Nations to show seriousness in implementing the agreement, and to stop making accusations and misleading statements, noting that the agreement signed must be implemented in a way that prevents a potential catastrophe to the marine environment in the Red Sea.

https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/02/27/yemen-condemns-un-misleading-statements-about-delays-to-safer-oil-tanker-repair/

and also https://english.almasirah.net/post/18004/UN-Gives-Misleading-Statements-about-SAFER-Oil-Tanker%2C-National-Team-Condemns%C2%A0

https://debriefer.net/en/news-23446.html

and

(A P)

[Hadi gov. minister] criticises UNSC's way of dealing with Houthis over FSO Safer

The Minister of Water and Environment in Yemen's internationally recognised government Tawfiq Al-Sharjabi on Friday called on the United Nations Security Council to change its way of dealing with the Houthis over the Safer oil tanker.

The condition of the decaying tanker is alarming, he said.

https://debriefer.net/en/news-23422.html

(A P)

Islah Party obstructed deal to release former Yemen Defence Minister, say Houthis

The Ansar Allah group, known as the Houthis, on Friday accused the Islah Party of obstructing a deal to swap former Yemen's Minister of Defence Mahmoud Al-Subaihi and the son of the Commander of the Guards of the Republic during recent UN-sponsored talks on prisoners in Jordan.

The talks between the government and Houthi delegations failed to reached an agreement for exchanging war prisoners as stated in an agreement the two sides reached in Geneva last year.

The head of the Houthi committee for prisoners' affairs Abdulqadir Al-Murtada wrote on Twitter: "During the last round of talks in Amman, we were close to reaching a deal with the representatives of the western coast and southern provinces for releasing Mahmoud Al-Subaihi and the son and brother of Tariq Affash but the representative of the Islah Party, who was the head of their delegation, obstructed the deal".

https://debriefer.net/en/news-23423.html

and also https://hodhodyemennews.net/2021/02/27/large-prisoner-exchange-agreement-fails-due-to-islah-and-saudi-refusal/

(A P)

Film: Enhanced ID: Oral Update Group of Eminent experts on Yemen - 11th Meeting, 46th Regular Session Human Rights Council

25 Feb 2021 - Interactive dialogue on:
Oral update by the Group of Eminent International and Regional Experts on Yemen on the situation of human rights in Yemen and the development and implementation of resolution 45/15
46th Regular Session of the Human Rights Council.

http://webtv.un.org/live-now/watch/enhanced-id-oral-update-group-of-eminent-experts-on-yemen-12th-meeting-46th-regular-session-human-rights-council/6235319214001/?term=

Mwatana representative: https://twitter.com/MwatanaEn/status/1365357857466703872

(* A P)

UN Security Council extends international sanctions imposed on Yemen

The United Nations (UN) Security Council on Thursday extended the international sanctions imposed on Yemen for another year, as well as the mandate of the group of experts on monitoring the arms embargo.

The renewed resolution was issued under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, which implicates the legitimacy of using armed force to implement the decision, such as the: "System of financial sanctions and travel bans against individuals and entities that threaten peace, security and stability in Yemen until 28 February, 2022," in addition to extending the mandate of the group of experts on monitoring the arms embargo until 28 March of the same year.

An arms embargo has been imposed on Yemen since 2015 in accordance with UN Security Council Resolution 2216, issued against the Houthi group and the forces loyal to the late President Ali Abdullah Saleh. Thus, the sanctions are renewed annually.

The UN Resolution 2564 condemns: "The continued escalation in Marib, Yemen, and the continued Houthi attacks on Saudi Arabia," while calling for: "An immediate halt of attacks without preconditions, de-escalating clashes in all parts of Yemen and imposing a ceasefire in all parts of the country."

The UN resolution also stresses the Houthis' accountability for placing the Safer oil tanker anchored off the coast of Hodeidah governorate on the Red Sea (west of Yemen), without conducting any maintenance work during the past six years and their failure to respond to the major environmental and humanitarian risks it poses.

Under the Security Council resolution, Sultan Zaben, director of the Criminal Investigation Department of the Houthi group, was added to the list of sanctions, in the first addition to the list since April 2015, when the UN body adopted Resolution 2216.

https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20210227-un-security-council-extends-international-sanctions-imposed-on-yemen/

cp8 Saudi-Arabien / Saudi Arabia

(A P)

Leading #Saudi Monarchy @Dr_alqarnee clerk still has his @Twitter account after posting a poem of his stating 1000s of suicide fighters are ready to defend #MBS. Hs nearly 20 million followers are mostly fake but his account is working

AlQarni did delete his tweet but his account remain open.

Here AlQarni boasts about one of his cousins trained by #UK to bomb #Yemen. His pilot cousin dropped the largest bomb on #Yemen killing dozens of civilians

https://twitter.com/AliAlAhmed_en/status/1366094790962651142

Now the account has been removed: https://twitter.com/Dr_alqarnee/status/1365407213603479553

(A E P)

Aramco seeks one-year extension on $10 billion loan: sources

Saudi Aramco has asked banks to extend by a year a $10 billion loan it raised last May, two sources familiar with the matter said, suggesting that rebounding crude prices are not pushing the oil giant to reduce debt for the time being.

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-saudi-aramco-loans/aramco-seeks-one-year-extension-on-10-billion-loan-sources-idUSKCN2AS0E3

(A E P)

Saudi Arabia bonds, stocks take U.S. sanctions mostly in stride

Saudi Arabia’s 2060 Eurobond rose on Friday after Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman was spared U.S. sanctions over the 2018 killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, though short-term debt and a basket of Saudi stocks ended lower.

The April 2060 sovereign issue was up more than 1 cent, while the 2025 and 2030 were both down 0.5 cent after the Biden administration announced sanctions and visa bans targeting Saudi citizens, but stopped short of imposing sanctions on Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (MBS) himself.

“MBS will avoid sanctions but likely be persona non grata with the Biden administration as long as the king is alive,” said Beth Morrissey, managing partner at Kleiman International Consultants, adding that the Saudi bonds were responding to both the non-sanctioning of the crown prince as well as oil prices.

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-saudi-eurobonds-khashoggi-sanctions/saudi-arabia-bonds-stocks-take-u-s-sanctions-mostly-in-stride-idUSKBN2AQ2Y5

(* B P)

Film: Regional Vision of the Gulf States: Saudi Arabia

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cQHwqChG69

(A P)

Saudi Arabia Arrests Sheikh Nimr’s Brother

Saudi regime forces have arrested Mohammad Baqir al-Nimr, the brother of executed Shia cleric Sheikh Nimr al-Nimr, and the father of Ali al-Nimr, who is serving a jail sentence for allegedly taking part in anti-regime protests when he was 17.

https://english.almasirah.net/post/17985/Saudi-Arabia-Arrests-Sheikh-Nimr-s-Brother

and

(A P)

Leading human rights leader @ali_adubisi reports that #Saudi Monarchy forces has released brother of Sheikh Nimer & father of Ali AlNimer 48 hours after his detention.

https://twitter.com/AliAlAhmed_en/status/1365303466801905666

(* B P)

Murder in the consulate: Pressure grows on Saudi crown prince

The disclosure poses a fresh challenge to the 35-year-old prince’s reputation as the administration of U.S. President Joe Biden places Saudi Arabia’s human rights record under close scrutiny.

While Riyadh eventually admitted that Khashoggi was killed in a “rogue” extradition operation gone wrong, it has denied any involvement by the crown prince

The murder undercut MbS’s promotion of himself as a bold reformer pursuing new freedoms in the conservative kingdom and deterred some investors from the country -- the world’s largest oil exporter -- in the months after the killing.

[overview on the Crown prince]

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-saudi-khashoggi-prince-newsmaker/murder-in-the-consulate-pressure-grows-on-saudi-crown-prince-idUSKBN2AQ2TO

(* B P)

Jamal Khashoggi: How intelligence report could dent US-Saudi ties for years

The release of the declassified US intelligence report into the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi represents a blow to the power, prestige and international standing of one of the most powerful men in the Middle East: Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman.

It could even have implications for the West's dealings with Saudi Arabia for decades to come.

Asserting that the crown prince, known by his initials as MBS, was complicit in that gruesome murder in 2018, will make it harder than ever for Western leaders to be publicly associated with him as an individual.

Yet, as things stand today, MBS looks set to be the power on the Saudi throne for a very long time.

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-56206325

(A P)

U.N. human rights boss urges Saudi Arabia to allow free speech, assembly

United Nations human rights chief Michelle Bachelet, in rare public comments on Saudi Arabia, said on Friday that people were unlawfully held in the kingdom and urged it to uphold freedom of expression and the right to peaceful assembly.

Bachelet, addressing the U.N. Human Rights Council where Saudi Arabia has observer status, welcomed the release earlier this month of women’s rights activist Loujain al-Hathloul, adding: “although I regret that others continued to be unjustly detained”.

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-un-rights-saudi/u-n-human-rights-boss-urges-saudi-arabia-to-allow-free-speech-assembly-idUSKBN2AQ1N6

(* A P)

Saudi Government Shutters Its Defense Ministry’s Website After IGA Exposé

Saudi Ministry of Defense responds to IGA report by shuttering its website.

The Saudi government has shuttered its Defense Ministry’s website and removed inciteful textbook passages and online hate sermons following a report published by IGA detailing official anti-Americanism and hatred of Jews, Christians, and non-Wahhabi Muslims.

The Institute for Gulf Affairs is pleased to report that public and private highlighting of glaring bigotry and incitement in official Saudi platforms has recently led to specific improvements. While much more remains to be accomplished for Saudi leaders to lift the country out of ingrained hateful and backward attitudes toward non-Sunni Muslims, Jews, Christians and other minority groups, these latest positive steps reaffirm the effectiveness of shining light on specific problems and pushing for accountability and reform

https://www.gulfinstitute.org/saudi-government-shutters-its-defense-ministrys-website-after-iga-expose/

full report: http://www.gulfinstitute.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/IGA-Impact_report.pdf

Fortsetzung / Sequel: cp8a – cp19

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-722b-yemen-war-mosaic-722b

Vorige / Previous:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose/jemenkrieg-mosaik-721-yemen-war-mosaic-721

Jemenkrieg-Mosaik 1-721/ Yemen War Mosaic 1-721:

https://www.freitag.de/autoren/dklose oder / or http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

Der saudische Luftkrieg im Bild / Saudi aerial war images:

(18 +, Nichts für Sensible!) / (18 +; Graphic!)

http://poorworld.net/YemenWar.htm

http://yemenwarcrimes.blogspot.de/

http://www.yemenwar.info/

Liste aller Luftangriffe / and list of all air raids:

http://yemendataproject.org/data/

Untersuchung ausgewählter Luftangriffe durch Bellingcat / Bellingcat investigations of selected air raids:

https://yemen.bellingcat.com/

Untersuchungen von Angriffen, hunderte von Filmen / Investigations of attacks, hundreds of films:

https://yemeniarchive.org/en

08:11 01.03.2021
Dieser Beitrag gibt die Meinung des Autors wieder, nicht notwendigerweise die der Redaktion des Freitag.
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Dietrich Klose

Vielfältig interessiert am aktuellen Geschehen, zur Zeit besonders: Ukraine, Russland, Jemen, Rolle der USA, Neoliberalismus, Ausbeutung der 3. Welt
Dietrich Klose

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